Página 11 dos resultados de 102884 itens digitais encontrados em 0.117 segundos

‣ Apical ballooning syndrome (Takotsubo Syndrome): Case report

Do Nascimento, Charles Ulloffo; Bosso, Carlos Eduardo Da Costa Nunes; Jorge, Paulo Henrique; Vanderlei, Franciele Marques; Ebaid, Henrique Issa Artoni; Valenti, Vitor Engrácia; Vanderlei, Luiz Carlos Marques
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Introduction. The apical ballooning syndrome (ABS) is a single reversible cardiomyopathy often triggered by a stressful event. We aimed to present a case report regarding this disorder. Case presentation. Here we present the case of a 77-year-old female hypertensive patient, sedentary and non-smoker, diagnosed with apical ballooning syndrome. We describe the clinical signs and symptoms, changes in markers of myocardial necrosis and changes in the electrocardiogram and coronary angiography. Conclusion: The course of events patient showed clinical improvement with treatment and support was not necessary to administer specific medications or interventions to reverse the situation. After hemodynamic stabilization coronary angiography showed no obstructive lesions and left ventricle with akinesia of the apex and the middle portion of the left ventricle. © 2013 do Nascimento et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

‣ Instrumented fusion of thoracolumbar fracture with type I mineralized collagen matrix combined with autogenous bone marrow as a bone graft substitute: a four-case report

Faundez, Antonio A.; Taylor, Sofia; Kaelin, André J.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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In order to avoid the morbidity from autogenous bone harvesting, bone graft substitutes are being used more frequently in spinal surgery. There is indirect radiological evidence that bone graft substitutes are efficacious in humans. The purpose of this four-case study was to visually, manually, and histologically assess the quality of a fusion mass produced by a collagen hydroxyapatite scaffold impregnated with autologous bone marrow aspirate for posterolateral fusion. Four patients sustained an acute thoracolumbar fracture and were treated by short posterior segment fusion using the AO fixateur interne. Autologous bone marrow (iliac crest) impregnated hydroxyapatite-collagen scaffold was laid on the decorticated posterior elements. Routine implant removal was performed after a mean of 15.3 months (12–20). During this second surgery, fusion mass was assessed visually and manually. A bone biopsy was sent for histological analysis of all four cases. Fusion was confirmed in all four patients intraoperatively and sagittal stress testing confirmed mechanical adequacy of the fusion mass. Three out of the four (cases 2–4) had their implants removed between 12 and 15 months after the index surgery. All their histological cuts showed evidence of newly formed bone and presence of active membranous and/or enchondral ossification foci. The last patient (case 1) underwent implant removal at 20 months and his histological cuts showed mature bone...

‣ Sphenoclival Intraosseus Lipoma: Case Report and Literature Review

Lanišnik, Boštjan; Didanovič, Vojko
Fonte: Thieme Medical Publishers Publicador: Thieme Medical Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2007 Português
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Objective: To present the case of a rare tumor in the sphenoidoclival area and discuss potential pitfalls in diagnosis and management. Design: Case report with literature review. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Case Summary: Our patient presented with headache, vertigo, vision problems, and feeling of pressure in the central segment of the face. MR and CT showed a lesion in the body of the sphenoid, with signs of bone destruction and irregular borders. Differential diagnosis included intraosseous meningioma, chordoma, and inflammatory process. Results: Endoscopic/microscopic transnasal approach was performed to reach clival bone and to biopsy the tumor. Histopathological examination showed intraosseous lipoma. Conclusion: Intraosseous lipoma is a rare tumor, or more accurately a hamartoma, and is usually found in the calcaneus or in the proximal femur. It is even rarer in the skull base. Usually it does not present any symptoms and is an incidental finding during imaging for other symptoms. As a rule it runs an indolent course and does not require any treatment. Since no definitive diagnosis can be made only on the basis of imaging (CT and MRI), it requires an open biopsy that if possible should be made in accordance with the principles of minimally invasive surgery.

‣ Simultaneous pleomorphic adenoma of the parapharyngeal space and contralateral submandibular gland. Case report

Pistorio, V; Teggi, R; Bussi, M
Fonte: Pacini Editore SpA Publicador: Pacini Editore SpA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2008 Português
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Herein the case is reported of a synchronous parapharyngeal space pleomorphic adenoma arising from the pharyngeal prolongation of the parotid gland and the contralateral submandibular gland, diagnosed in a young Caucasian female. Case reports and recent literature are presented. Upon physical examination, asymmetry of the lower part of the right side of the face with overlying intact skin, and a submucosal firm swelling, filling the ipsilateral side of the oropharyngeal wall, involving the right tonsillar bed which was medially displaced was immediately recognizable. The patient did not complain of dysphagia. Palpating the left submandibular region, a painless, mobile, rounded mass, 10 mm in diameter, apparently located in the submandibular gland, was detected. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that both lesions were well-defined and encapsulated. The surgical approach is discussed. Cytological diagnosis was that of a typical pleomorphic adenoma. To the best of our knowledge this is the second case report in the English literature of a concomitant pleomorphic adenoma located both in the parapharyngeal space and the submandibular gland.

‣ Synchronous bilateral epithelial–myoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland: case report and review of the literature

van Tongeren, J.; Creytens, D. H. K. V.; Meulemans, E. V.; de Bondt, R. B. J.; de Jong, J.; Manni, J. J.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Synchronous bilateral malignancy in the parotid glands is extremely rare. The English literature reveals nine case reports. The most common synchronous bilateral malignancies are acinic cell carcinoma. Epithelial–myoepithelial carcinoma is an uncommon neoplasm comprising 1% of all salivary gland tumours. In this case report, we describe, to our best of knowledge, the first case of a patient with a synchronous bilateral epithelial–myoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland. The clinical histopathological and immunohistochemical peculiarities are elucidated. Imaging studies like ultrasonography are mandatory for both parotid glands and upper necks in the clinical presence of a unilateral parotid gland tumour.

‣ Pancreatic transection from blunt trauma associated with vascular and biliary lesions: A case report

Baiocchi, Gian Luca; Tiberio, Guido AM; Gheza, Federico; Gardani, Marco; Cantù, Massimiliano; Portolani, Nazario; Giulini, Stefano Maria
Fonte: The WJG Press and Baishideng Publicador: The WJG Press and Baishideng
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Major injuries of the pancreas may result in considerable morbidity and mortality when associated with vascular and visceral injuries. In such cases, a right diagnosis and a prompt surgical intervention are necessary to give a chance to the patient. We herein describe a case of blunt abdominal trauma in a 29-year-old man whose pancreatic rupture was associated with hepatic artery, splenic vein and extrahepatic bile duct damage. Immediate surgery was performed after computer tomography (CT), the haemorrhagic lesions dictate the emergency transfer to the operating room. Spleno-pancreatic resection was done with reconstruction of the hepatic artery, ligation of the splenic vein and a Roux-en-Y bilio-jejunal diversion. The early post-operative course was complicated by stenosis of the arterial reconstruction, which was treated by endovascular angioplasty followed by percutaneous drainage of symptomatic pseudocyst, rest and antibiotics. Finally, the patient was discharged and was alive without clinical problems at the time when we wrote this case report. The present case underlines the clinical relevance of vascular and visceral injuries associated with pancreatic trauma and the problems arising in the diagnostic evaluation and the surgical strategy of complex multiple visceral and vascular lesions in blunt abdominal trauma.

‣ Bardet-Biedl syndrome, renal transplant and percutaneous nephrolithotomy: a case report and review of the literature

Middela, Seshikanth; Polizois, Konstantinos; Bradley, Alison J; Rao, Poduri N
Fonte: Cases Network Ltd Publicador: Cases Network Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/07/2009 Português
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Bardet-Biedl syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder with obesity, polydactly, retinitis pigmentosa, hypogenitalism, intellectual impairment and varying degree of renal abnormalities. Fewer than ten cases of paediatric renal transplantation for BBS have been reported in literature so far. This is the only case report of BBS transplant urolithiasis which was dealt with percutaneous nephrolithotomy and has been stone free for seven years. This is a complex case with a rare genetic disorder, renal transplant, renal stone, ileal conduit, long loop and inversely placed kidney. This case exemplifies the need for multidisciplinary management of complex cases and emphasises PCNL as the safe method.

‣ Chronic bilateral heel pain in a child with Sever disease: case report and review of literature

Sitati, Fred C; Kingori, John
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 21/12/2009 Português
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We are presenting a case report of a 10-year-old male with a 1 year history of bilateral heel pain. Sever disease is self limiting condition of calcaneal apophysis. It is the most common cause of heel pain in the growing child. There is no documented case of this condition in this region. This case highlights the clinical features of this self limiting disorder as seen in this patient and reviews the current literature.

‣ A case of pseudohyperkalemia in a patient presenting with leucocytosis and high potassium level: a Case Report

Kim, Alice; Biteman, Benjamin; Malik, Umer F; Siddique, Shahzad; Martin, Mersadies R; Ali, Syed A; Maboud, Nadeem; Raja, Sabiya; Zachry, Alison; Mahmoud, Ahmed
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/02/2010 Português
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Pseudohyperkalemia can appear in a variety of settings and should be recognized early. Treatment of pseudohyperkalemia can lead to an inappropriate decrease of actual serum potassium levels which may lead to life threatening conditions. In the case presented, an 81-year-old male presented with massive leucocytosis and an extremely elevated potassium level. This case report emphasizes the importance of recognizing pseudohyperkalemia in a patient with a severely increased potassium and WBC level; such patients may be clinically asymptomatic or may have a normal ECG.

‣ Cervical disc, mimicking nerve sheath tumor, with rapid spontaneous recovery: a case report

Stavrinou, L. C.; Stranjalis, G.; Maratheftis, N.; Bouras, T.; Sakas, D. E.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The study design includes a case report and clinical discussion. The potential of acute disc herniations to regress spontaneously has been previously reported. However, the initial radiological presentation can be misleading, leading to therapeutic pitfalls, especially when the presence of myelopathy calls for early intervention. We present the case of a 46-year-old woman with a cervical intraspinal enhancing mass, associated enhancement of the C6 root and myelopathy, leading to the presumptive diagnosis of a nerve sheath tumor. The patient was offered surgery, which she denied. The patient returned 7 weeks later with significant clinical improvement. A subsequent magnetic resonance imaging depicted a herniated cervical disc and regression of myelopathy. Although spontaneous regression of disc prolapse and myelopathy have been previously reported, the initial radiological presentation and the short period of regression in this case highlight the need for a thorough understanding of the natural course of cervical disc herniations. Nonsurgical conservative observation should be considered an option for treatment for some cervical disc herniations that are likely to regress for very specific and predictable reasons.

‣ Invasive Ductal Carcinoma in a Mammary Hamartoma: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Choi, Nami; Ko, Eun Sook
Fonte: The Korean Society of Radiology Publicador: The Korean Society of Radiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Mammary hamartomas are typically a benign condition and rarely develop into malignant lesions. Only 14 cases of carcinomas associated with a hamartoma have been documented in the literature. In this case report, we describe a case of invasive ductal carcinoma within a hamartoma in a 72-year-old woman. Mammography, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging showed the features of a typical hamartoma with a suspicious mass arising in it. This case illustrates the importance of identification of unusual findings in a typical mammary hamartoma on radiologic examinations.

‣ Cavitating Mesenteric Lymph Node Syndrome in Association with Coeliac Disease and Enteropathy Associated T-Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

McBride, Olivia M. B.; Skipworth, Richard J. E.; Leitch, Derek; Yalamarthi, Satheesh
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Cavitating mesenteric lymph node syndrome (CMLNS) is a rare and poorly understood complication of coeliac disease (CD), with only 37 cases reported in the literature. CD is an immune-mediated enteropathy, with alterations seen in the small bowel architecture on exposure to ingested gluten. Those who fail to respond to a strict gluten-free diet are termed to have refractory coeliac disease (RCD). This is associated with serious complications such as enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL). We present the case of a 71-year-old female investigated for weight loss and a palpable intraabdominal mass. Abdominal computed tomographic (CT) scan showed multiple necrotic mesenteric lymph nodes. At operation, multiple cavitating mesenteric lymph nodes, containing milky fluid, were found. An incidental EATL was found at the terminal ileum, which was resected. The patient subsequently tested positive for CD. This is the second case report to document an association between CMLNS and EATL. This paper highlights the varied presentation of CD. In this case, the diagnosis of CD was made retrospectively after the complications were dealt with. This paper is followed by a review of relevant literature.

‣ Idiopathic linear leukoplakia of gingiva: A rare case report

Sapna, N.; Vandana, K. L.
Fonte: Medknow Publications Publicador: Medknow Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
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White lesions of the oral cavity are not uncommon though majority of them are benign. This case report documents a rare case of idiopathic linear leukoplakia of gingiva with no apparent etiology. Initial examination revealed a non-scrapable linear white lesion on the marginal and papillary gingiva of upper right teeth region. Incisional biopsy was taken for pathologic evaluation. Patient was treated with routine oral hygiene procedures and excision of the lesions. The histopathological results demonstrated hyperparakeratinized/orthokeratinized hyperplastic oral epithelium with orthokeratin-filled clefts and with no dysplasia. Clinical results demonstrated no recurrence after electrosurgical intervention. This paper reports a rare case of idiopathic linear leukoplakia of gingiva which was non-dysplastic in nature. Electrosurgical treatment proved to be successful compared to surgical technique as there was no recurrence even after two years of follow-up.

‣ Solitary Adrenal Metastasis from Esophageal Adenocarcinoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Dellaportas, D.; Lykoudis, P.; Gkiokas, G.; Polymeneas, G.; Kondi-Pafiti, A.; Voros, D.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Introduction. In patients with extra-adrenal malignancy, an adrenal mass necessitates investigating the possibility of metastatic tumor. Curable adrenal metastasis are considered as a rare event. Case report. A 52-year-old male suffering from lower esophageal adenocarcinoma with a solitary left adrenal metastasis is presented herein, who underwent concomitant transhiatal esophagectomy and left adrenalectomy. The patient remains disease-free 18 months later. Discussion. Adrenal metastases mostly occur in patients with lung, kidney, breast, and gastrointestinal carcinomas. Primary esophageal adenocarcinoma gives adrenal metastatic deposits according to autopsy series with an incidence of about 3%–12%. When no other evidence of metastatic disease in cancer patients exists, several authors advocate adrenalectomy with curative intent. Isolated cases of long-term survival after resection of solitary adrenal metastasis from esophageal adenocarcinoma, like in our case, have been reported only as case reports. Conclusion. This study concludes that surgical resection may result in survival benefit in selected patients with solitary adrenal metastasis from esophageal adenocarcinoma.

‣ Hepatoblastoma in a Low Birth Weight Infant : A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Kaur, Gurjeet; Mutum, S S
Fonte: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia Publicador: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2001 Português
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Hepatoblastoma is the most common primary liver tumour of childhood. This is a case report of a one-year-old boy who presented with a one-month history of progressive abdominal distension and weight loss. He was cachexic, anaemic, had gross hepatomegaly and ascites. He had been born prematurely with a birth weight of 1.23 kg, and his developmental milestones were delayed. Ultrasound and CT scan demonstrated a large solid tumour in the left lobe of the liver with a smaller superficial nodule in the right lobe. Serum alpha fetoprotein was significantly raised. A left lobe hepatectomy and complete excision of the right sided nodule was performed. There was no evidence of metastatic disease. Histopathological examination confirmed hepatoblastoma of the fetal type. The patient developed features of intestinal obstruction a few days after surgery and he succumbed ten days after re-laparotomy. The clinical presentation and investigation results in this case are characteristic. Recent reports have suggested a strong relationship between very low birth weight (< 1500gm)/prematurity and hepatoblastoma as is present in this case. Surgery is the mainstay of therapy in hepatoblastoma. A brief review of the literature on this tumour is presented.

‣ Direct, High-flow Bypass for a Pediatric Giant, Fusiform Aneurysm of the Inferior Division of M2: Case Report and Review of Literature

Alamanda, Vignesh K.; Tomycz, Luke; Velez, Dennis; Singer, Robert J.
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
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In this case report, we describe the first reported case of treating a 7-year-old male patient who has a giant, fusiform aneurysm confined to the inferior M2 segment by means of a saphenous vein graft. Given the lack of good endovascular management options for this particular scenario, craniotomy was recommended and an end-to-side ECA-ICA anastomosis was carried out with technical details of the surgery outlined in the manuscript. The patient did not sustain any major postoperative complications. The graft remained patent upon completion of the surgery and at the time of last follow-up, 9 months post-surgery. This case serves as an illustrative example of the need for high-flow bypass for a select few patients even as endovascular technology continues to improve.

‣ Sarcoidosis and chronic hepatitis C: A case report

Brjalin, Vadim; Salupere, Riina; Tefanova, Valentina; Prikk, Kaiu; Lapidus, Natalia; Jõeste, Enn
Fonte: Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited Publicador: Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Several case reports deal with the relationship between hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and pulmonary or hepatic sarcoidosis. Most publications describe interferon α-induced sarcoidosis. However, HCV infection per se is also suggested to cause sarcoidosis. The present case report describes a case of biopsy-verified lung and liver sarcoidosis and HCV infection, and the outcome of antiviral therapy. In March 2009, a 25-year-old man presented with moderately elevated liver enzymes without any clinical symptoms. The patient was positive for HCV antibodies and HCV RNA of genotype 1b. Four months later the patient became dyspnoic and pulmonary sarcoidosis was diagnosed by lung biopsy and radiography. A short course of corticosteroid treatment relieved symptoms. Three months later, liver biopsy showed noncaseating granulomas consisting of epithelioid histiocytes and giant cells with a small amount of peripheral lymphocyte infiltration, without any signs of fibrosis. Chronic HCV infection with coexistence of pulmonary and hepatic sarcoidosis was diagnosed. Antiviral therapy with peginterferon α and ribavirin at standard doses was started, which lasted 48 wk, and sustained viral response was achieved. A second liver biopsy showed disappearance of granulomas and chest radiography revealed normalization of mediastinal and perihilar glands. The hypothesis that HCV infection per se may have triggered systemic sarcoidosis was proposed. Successful treatment of HCV infection led to continuous remission of pulmonary and hepatic sarcoidosis. Further studies are required to understand the relationship between systemic sarcoidosis and HCV infection.

‣ Metastasis of Colorectal Adenocarcinoma to the Thyroid: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Goatman, C.; Goldsmith, P. J.; Antonopoulos, V.; Ali, B.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Purpose. We present a rare case of colorectal metastasis to the thyroid five years following primary colonic resection. This case highlights the need to be cognisant of unusual sites of metastasis from colorectal neoplasms. Case Report. An 82-year-old male patient had a panproctocolectomy for synchronous colorectal tumours. Five years later he was found to have lung and thyroid metastases found incidentally on imaging for an acute presentation with small bowel obstruction. Conclusion. Metastases to the thyroid should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the thyroid lesion with any history of malignancy, particularly with increasing patient age and when renal cell carcinoma or lung, colon, or breast primaries are involved.

‣ Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare otomastoiditis in a young AIDS patient: case report and review of the literature

Viehman, J Alexander; Khalil, Daniel; Barhoma, Christine; Hanna, Ramy Magdy
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 22/02/2013 Português
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Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) complex is a common opportunistic infection that generally occurs in patients with a CD4 cell count less than 75. Current recommendations for prophylaxis include using a macrolide once a week, while treatment usually requires a multidrug regimen. Disseminated MAI infections often occur in patients who are not compliant with prophylaxis or their highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Many manifestations of MAI infection are well documented in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients, including pulmonary and cutaneous manifestations, but other unusual manifestations such as pericarditis, pleurisy, peritonitis, brain abscess, otitis media, and mastoiditis are sporadically reported in the infectious diseases literature. This case report is of a 22-year-old female who contracted HIV at a young age and who was subsequently noncompliant with HAART, MAI prophylaxis, and prior treatment for disseminated MAI infection. Unsurprisingly, the patient developed recurrent disseminated MAI infection. The patient’s presentation was atypical, as she developed severe otomastoiditis and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. The posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome was thought to be due to the disseminated MAI infection or to immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. The infection was confirmed to be secondary to MAI by culture of the mastoid bone. Microbiological analysis of the MAI strain cultured showed resistance to several first-line antibiotics used for prophylaxis against and treatment of MAI. This was likely due to the patient’s chronic noncompliance. Otomastoiditis secondary to MAI is extremely rare in adults and has been reported in only four case reports and one case series previously. Improved clinician education in the diagnosis...

‣ Two diagnoses become one? Rare case report of anorexia nervosa and Cushing’s syndrome

Sawicka, Nadia; Gryczyńska, Maria; Sowiński, Jerzy; Tamborska-Zedlewska, Monika; Ruchała, Marek
Fonte: Dove Medical Press Publicador: Dove Medical Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis impairment in anorexia nervosa is marked by hypercortisolemia, and psychiatric disorders occur in the majority of patients with Cushing’s syndrome. Here we report a patient diagnosed with anorexia nervosa who also developed Cushing’s syndrome. A 26-year-old female had been treated for anorexia nervosa since she was 17 years old, and also developed depression and paranoid schizophrenia. She was admitted to the Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Internal Medicine with a preliminary diagnosis of Cushing’s syndrome. Computed tomography revealed a 27 mm left adrenal tumor, and she underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy. She was admitted to hospital 6 months after this procedure, at which time she did not report any eating or mood disorder. This is a rare case report of a patient with anorexia nervosa in whom Cushing’s syndrome was subsequently diagnosed. Diagnostic difficulties were caused by the signs and symptoms presenting in the course of both disorders, ie, hypercortisolemia, osteoporosis, secondary amenorrhea, striae, hypokalemia, muscle weakness, and depression.