Página 11 dos resultados de 476117 itens digitais encontrados em 0.097 segundos
Resultados filtrados por Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC

‣ The Impact of Structural Gender Differences and its Consequences on Access to Energy in Rural Bangladesh

Fatema, Naureen
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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This report studies the impact that gender differences in Bangladesh have on access to energy and energy services and the consequences of these impacts based on review of recent literature on the matter. The report concludes that the structural gender differences that arise from cultural and religious norms can lead to various impacts in access to energy services which in turn can have long term consequences on women and all these factors must be considered while designing rural energy- gender projects.

‣ The Impact of Energy Price Changes in Moldova

Baclajanschi, Iaroslav; Bouton, Lawrence; Mori, Hideki; Ostojic, Dejan; Pushak, Taras; Tiongson, Erwin R.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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In January 2006 the price of natural gas supplied to Moldova increased from $80 to $110 per thousand cubic meters (mcm). Prices may increase further in the near future, putting additional pressure on the economy and leading to adverse effects on the poorest households. This study examines the potential impact of higher energy prices on the economy of Moldova by simulating the likely macroeconomic consequences of recent and future price increases. Moreover, it estimates the direct impact on individual households using data drawn from the 2004 Household Budget Survey. It assesses the distributional implications of the price shock, noting how the social impact may vary depending on the intensity of energy use, geographic location, and the relative share of energy in household expenditure. The results suggest that energy price changes could dampen economic growth while putting additional strains on the current account deficit. The impact on the poorest households could be significant and protecting them may require resources in the amount of 0.7 to 1.7 percent of GDP. This study identifies possible policy responses to dampen the shock of the energy price increase and to promote the longer-term objective of reducing energy vulnerability.

‣ OECS Energy Issues and Options

Hertzmark, Donald
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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This study evaluates the current energy situation in the member states of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and identifies selected investment options and policy issues for new energy projects. The emphasis of the study is on large energy systems and ways to link one of more of the OECS countries. Complementary smaller-scale systems, in the form of wind, are also considered. This study is not an exhaustive survey either of each OECS member country or of all possible energy technologies for the OECS countries. Rather, it is intended to address the key energy-economy interaction in the electricity sector and to assess potential new supply investments. A key issue is how to bring some of the benefits of larger scale, more efficient power generation technology to these small island systems. The report begins with a summary of recommendations and findings for OECS policies and actions. Part 1 contains an assessment of the energy sector with two main components, a review of recent studies on energy in the OECS...

‣ Scaling Up Demand-Side Energy Efficiency Improvements through Programmatic CDM

Figueres, Christiana; Philips, Michael
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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Improving energy efficiency (EE) is one of the most promising approaches for achieving cost-effective global greenhouse gases (GHG) reductions. However, it is severely underrepresented in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) portfolio. Just 10 percent of the emission reduction credits traded in the carbon market is from EE projects. In particular, small, dispersed, end-use EE measures-which entail significant GHG mitigation potential, along with other clear, local, and direct sustainable development benefits-have been largely bypassed by the carbon market. The modalities of traditional CDM have been set for individual, stand-alone, emission reduction projects that are implemented at a single point in time. While CDM rules allow "bundling" of several of these projects together for registration purposes, the specific sites where they will occur must be known ex-ante and they must all occur at the same point in time. These conditions generally cannot be met by most dispersed demand-side EE programs, whose emission reductions occur over a period of time and in numerous locations (households/industries/cities). In addition...

‣ Assessing Energy Price Induced Improvements in Efficiency of Capital in OECD Manufacturing Industries

Steinbuks, Jevgenijs; Neuhoff, Karsten
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
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To assess how capital stocks adapt to energy price changes, it is necessary to account for the impacts on different vintages of capital and to account separately for price-induced and autonomous improvements in the energy efficiency of capital stock. The results of econometric analysis for five manufacturing industries in 19 OECD countries between 1990 and 2005 indicate that higher energy prices resulted in smaller energy use due to both improved energy efficiency of capital stock and reduced demand for the energy input. The investment response to energy prices varied considerably across manufacturing industries, being more significant in energy-intensive sectors. The results of policy simulations indicate that a carbon tax can deliver significant reductions in energy consumption in the medium run with modest declines in energy-using capital stock.

‣ Promoting Renewable Energy through Auctions : The Case of China

Wang, Xiaodong; Barroso, Luiz; Elizondo, Gabriela
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Journal Article; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
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This knowledge note singles out auctions as an important mechanism that has been implemented in a growing number of countries in recent decades. It features a case study of auctions designed to promote the generation of electricity from renewable sources in China. Although feed-in tariffs are now the cornerstone of China's renewable energy policy, auctions have played and continue to play a role in identifying market prices for renewable energy in the country. Experience with the auctioning of wind and solar concessions enabled the Chinese authorities to modify auctions over time to yield accurate information about the costs of generation from renewable sources, allowing them to set feed-in tariffs at efficient levels. This case study is interesting, because China has set aggressive renewable energy targets and introduced policy incentives for rapid market development. Initial renewable energy prices showed significant variation, and the government s targets were not achieved prior to 2005. The most important milestone in the development of renewable energy in China was the 2005 Renewable Energy Law. China has applied successive adjustments to concessions auctions to improve their usefulness in setting appropriate feed-in tariffs. The key lesson from China's experience with auctioning of concessions is that winning bid prices that are lower than actual costs wind up deterring the development of renewable energy.

‣ Exploiting Market-Based Mechanisms to Meet Utilities' Energy Efficiency Obligations

Sinton, Jonathan; de Wit, Joeri
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Journal Article; Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
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Electric utilities are key actors in the quest to induce large-scale energy savings among end users. But often it is not enough simply to mandate utilities to achieve a specific target. Three new market-based mechanisms are available for utilities to use in promoting energy efficiency. Historically, mechanisms of demand-side management may be classified as regulatory, policy-based, market-based, and load-targeting. This knowledge note is important, because electric utilities are well-positioned to help raise energy efficiency. The three new market-based mechanisms to help achieve this goal include Establish a white certificates scheme establishing a white certificates scheme, establishing energy efficiency auctions, and establishing energy efficiency feed-in tariffs. These new market-based models are available for utilities to use in promoting energy efficiency, in concert with other means of procurement. Whatever the design, program effectiveness will depend on technically competent and trusted verification of energy savings and their costs...

‣ Mexico : Technical Assistance for Long-term Program of Renewable Energy Development

Antonius, Andrés; Awerburch, Shimon; Berger, Martin; Hertzmark, Donald; Huacuz V., Jorge M.; Merino, Gustavo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
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The four studies in this technical paper series deal with complementary themes and propose solutions to the same problems that all of them perceive in the Mexican electricity sector - yet each paper looks at the problem from a different angle, and proposes different actions that must be taken in order to bring about a significant increase in Mexico's adoption of on-grid renewable energy. These papers take us from the general overview of the policy and institutional context, down to the specific case of a hypothetical wind farm. They review the current situation, identify concrete policy and institutional changes that are badly needed to stimulate the sector, look at how new paradigms for valuation can help us to better account for the value of renewable energy capacity, and finally perform a thorough economic impact analysis of the hypothetical addition of a large wind farm to Mexico's grid.

‣ Energy Intensive Sectors of the Indian Economy : Path to Low Carbon Development

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
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Energy Intensive Sectors of the Indian Economy: Path to Low Carbon Development is the product of a collaborative effort between the World Bank and the Government of India, under the overall leadership of the Planning Commission and the Ministry of Power, and with the financial assistance of the Department for International Development (DFID) and the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP). The study was requested by the Government of India to develop the analytical capacity for identifying low carbon growth opportunities up to the end of the 15th Five Year Plan (March 2032) in major sectors of the economy; and to facilitate informed decision making by improving the knowledge base and raising national and international awareness of India efforts to address global climate change. The study uses an innovative engineering based, bottom up model to examine CO2 emissions from energy use during 2007 to 2031. It focuses on sectors and areas that are expected to contribute significantly to India's future growth in CO2 emissions. The report received significant support from ministries and agencies of the Government of India...

‣ Uzbekistan : Energy/Power Sector Issues Note

Kochnakyan, Artur; Khosla, Sunil Kumar; Buranov, Iskander; Hofer, Kathrin; Hankinson, Denzel; Finn, Joshua
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Energy Study
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This note focuses on the energy and power sector in Uzbekistan with the purpose of identifying some of the key issues faced by the sector and outlining potential solutions. In particular, the note aims to inform the Government thinking by providing input on priorities in the sector. The note also outlines potential solutions the Government may want to consider to address the identified challenges in the short and longer time and highlights the areas where the Government can start acting immediately. The analysis is based on the information and data provided by the Government during preparation of the Bank's investment lending operations, other analytical work as well as data/information collected from public sources. The note is structured as follows: section one discusses the importance of the energy sector to the economy and provides an overview of the sector. Section two provides a more detailed overview of the power sector. Section three identifies the principal challenges in the power sector. Section four proposes potential solutions to address these challenges. Finally...