Página 11 dos resultados de 1719 itens digitais encontrados em 0.037 segundos

‣ Interpreting global justice : variations in perspectives of U.S. environmental organizations on environment, human rights, and social equity

Bast, Elizabeth S., 1977-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 95 p.; 3831942 bytes; 3831750 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Environmental movement organizations in the United States have engaged with the global justice movement differently depending on the extent to which they view human rights and social equity issues as part of their environmental work. These organizations, influenced by their organizational history and their work with international groups and coalitions, appear to view these issues and engage with the movement in distinct ways. Some organizations have concentrated on seeking out the root causes of environmental destruction, which has led them to target corporations and corporate practices. These organizations have become involved with the global justice movement from the anti-corporate point of view. Other environmental movement organizations have explicitly incorporated human rights and social equity concerns in their view of environmental problems. These organizations tend to critique international institutions for their inattention to human, as well as environmental, problems, and approach the global justice movement from a human rights and development perspective. This thesis suggests that there are nuances, even within organizations with roots in the same movement, in how organizations interpret and engage with the global justice movement. Some environmental groups may relate to the anti-corporate nature of the movement...

‣ Public hospital corporatization and innovation in Lebanon and Chile : agency and decision rights approaches

Eid, Florence
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 155, [2] leaves; 12345132 bytes; 12344891 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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As the term "bureaucracy" has acquired increasingly negative connotations, one important set of problems concerning both scholars and policy makers interested in the public sector relates to incentives and institutions that are conducive to good performance. Recent developments in agency and contract theory shed some new light on old questions about public sector performance, of which I address three in this dissertation. The first question has to do with the manner in which institutional design in general, and decision rights allocations in particular, affect performance. The second has to do with the design of boards of governance in semi-autonomous, corporatized public agencies and how that affects incentives for performance. The third question has to do with incentives that drive innovation in the public sector, and encourage managers to create value in their work. I address the first two questions in empirical papers drawing on the recent experience in public hospital reform in Lebanon. In one paper, I develop a framework that analyzes decision rights evolutions in an innovative, quasi-legally corporatized public hospital. In another, I use the multi-tasking common agency model as an analytical lens to understand board member (principal) appointments and decision rights on corporatized hospital boards. I draw lessons from these two papers for the reform of the public hospital corporatization law in Lebanon. My final paper explains innovation in municipal finance in Chile...

‣ REIT-based pure-play portfolios : the case of property types and geographic locations; Real estate investment trust-based pure-play portfolios : the case of property types and geographic locations

Kim, Eui-Hoe, 1974-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 60 leaves; 1052706 bytes; 1801565 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Over the last 20 years the REIT industry has made remarkable progress in terms of the magnitude of market capitalization and management performance. However, it is difficult for investors to precisely target their investments because publicly traded REITs diversify their assets across property types and geographic locations. This research has explored the concept and methodology of a REIT-based pure-play portfolio. This portfolio is defined as an optimal combination of long and short positions in publicly traded REITs, such that the portfolio can replicate the investment returns to a specified target sector without any direct exposure to other sectors while minimizing the idiosyncratic risk component of the portfolio. This thesis constructed pure-play portfolios across four property types and four geographic locations using seven years of structural information on publicly traded REITs. For comparison with the privately held property market, NCREIF sub-indices which represent also four property types and four geographic locations are used. In addition to the construction of pure-play portfolios, the performance indices of REIT-based pure-play portfolios and private property-based NCREIF sub-indices are presented.; by Eui-Hoe Kim.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

‣ Greening the invisible hand : how environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs) succeed and fall in technology change

Rossi, Mark S. (Mark Stephen), 1962-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 491 p.; 23593149 bytes; 23592950 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This dissertation examines how national environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Sweden and the United States (US) tried to diffuse cleaner production technologies in the pulp and paper industry from 1980-1998. The environmental organizations were: Greenpeace Sweden, Swedish Society for Nature Conservation, Environmental Defense, Greenpeace USA, and Natural Resources Defense Council. The technologies they tried to diffuse reduced dioxins and other organochlorines from mills that bleach pulp for making white paper products. Totally chlorine-free (TCF) bleaching emerged as the cleanest bleaching technology in commercial use: it eliminated organochlorine water pollution. The Swedish environmental organizations, with help from Greenpeace Germany, were more successful at diffusing TCF bleaching. The success in Sweden emerged because the environmental organizations created market demand for TCF paper: they formed collaborative relations with major buyers of bleached paper, proved that TCF paper was a technically viable alternative, and connected environmentally-minded consumers with like-minded manufacturers. Supporting their success were: a longer history of market campaigns to transform paper bleaching, the lack of opposition to TCF paper in Germany (a major consumer of Swedish bleached pulp)...

‣ Toward a greener campus : experiments with sustainable resource management at one Mexican university and two United States universities

Coffie, Randall Gregory Jesus
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 142 leaves; 10850818 bytes; 10858431 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Modern society faces a range of difficult resource management problem like climate change, acid rain and soil depletion. To confront problems like these successfully, educational institutions, along with all other public and private entities, must do their part. Universities, in particular, need to reflect on whether they are managing their campus environments in a sustainable fashion, since the professionals they seek to train will be influenced as much by the everyday practice of campus management as by what they are taught in the classroom. The main objective of this study is to generate proposals for the implementation of a sustainable resource management program at the Guadalajara campus of the "Instituto Tecnologico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey" system (ITESM) in Mexico. ITESM is well known as an innovative institution. Its thirty-two-campus system made a commitment to greater sustainability in 2004. Subsequently, while efforts have been made to transform resource management practices at ITESM, there is still a lot to be learned before a truly sustainable resource management program can be put in place. To help generate ideas for ITESM, an analysis of efforts to promote sustainability at two prestigious American universities -- MIT and Harvard - has been generated. Both campuses have had to confront...

‣ A comparative financial analysis of the automobile and public transportation in London

Kothari, Tejus Jitendra
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 118 p.
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Automobile systems and public transportation are often organized separately within government structure inhibiting a comparative analysis between the two modes. Further complicating the comparison is that in public transportation systems, not only is infrastructure but vehicles and operators are usually provided by government or contracted private sector partners, while in the automobile system, infrastructure is normally government owned but costs of vehicle ownership and operation and parking are private. However, these private actions have enormous costs. In total in FY 2004-05 in London, private automobile spending was over 14 times greater than public automobile spending, as public spending on the automobile was about £1.4 billion while private spending on the automobile was about £20.9 billion. For public transportation, public spending was about £2.0 billion while private spending was about £2.3 billion. On a normalized basis, when not including time costs, the automobile was 3.7 times more expensive than public transportation on a per trip basis, and 2.0 times more expensive on a per passenger-kilometer basis. When including time costs and segmenting trips by travel zone, we found that public transportation enjoys an advantage for all travel zone combinations...

‣ The simulation analysis on the accuracy and efficiency of MIT transaction index

Park, Jungsoo, S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: iv, 43 leaves
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The paper aims to investigate the improvement that Ridge regression brings to the commercial real estate index estimation. The MIT transaction based index extends the use of the last model by Fisher, Gatzlaff, Geltner and Haurin (2003.) They address the sample selection bias and the noise effect of the transaction prices in small sample. To correct sample selection bias, MIT transaction index use the Heckman two-step. In addition to the correction of sample selection bias the MIT transaction based index applies the Ridge filters into the index creation procedures to dampen the effect of noise in transaction prices on estimations. Among them, this paper primarily focuses on: (1) investigating error structures, defined by the difference between the true market return and the estimated index return; (2) examining the efficiency improvement of the Ridge Regression as estimation method over Ordinary Least Square (OLS); (3) selecting the proper value of weight factor "k." The findings on the error structures are as follows. First, MIT transaction index does not suffer from smoothing and lagging which is apparent in the appraisal based index. Second, with larger sample size, the estimated market indexes become close to the true market values. In addition...

‣ Real estate investment indices in Japan and their role in optimal international portfolio allocation

Endo, Takashi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 71 leaves
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It has been said that "home bias" exists among investors due to informational disadvantage involved in cross-border investment. But, real estate has become a major asset class and cross-border real estate investment has been surging. Behind this phenomenon is heightened awareness among investors of the modem portfolio theory and the benefits of diversification. Japan is not an exception. Since late 1990's, a large amount of capital has flowed into Japanese real estate markets. The markets have also experienced significant transformation. However, in the eyes of foreign investors they are far from transparent due to, among other things, lack of reliable investment indices of commercial real estate. Such indices cannot be generated overnight, and lack of such indices can be a critical issue for global real estate investors. This issue is contributing to under-investment in Japan's real estate from overseas. Facing this problem, researchers and industry practitioners launched a number of investment indices for private real estate in recent years, each of which has strong and weak points. Compared to other indices, the ARES J-REIT Property Index seems potentially the most reliable and promising index for Japanese commercial real estate.; (cont.) The purposes of this paper is to analyze and compare various investment indices for Japanese private real estate; to understand distortions i.e. the "lagging" and "smoothing" effects involved in appraisal-based investment indices to see the "true" pictures of private real estate returns; and then to apply such indices to an international portfolio analysis to see the relative position of Japan's private real estate as a global asset class. Simulations are used to understand the mechanism of appraisal-based investment indices. Introductory sections provide some background on globalization of real estate and issues with Japanese real estate markets.; by Takashi Endo.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

‣ Ways of contending : community organizing and development in neighborhood context

Greenberg, David Micah, 1972-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 184 p.; 11809119 bytes; 11832645 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis explores community organizing by Community Development Corporations (CDCs), the different outcomes achieved by organizing campaigns, and the factors that contribute to their successes and failures. Among organizing outcomes, I focus not only on policy victories and physical or economic improvements to communities, but also on the ways that collective action produces changes in local political institutions. Using rich qualitative and extensive quantitative data from organizing campaigns by ten CDCs, I show how claims about the role of racial and ethnic difference in community, and about the need for conflict in creating community change, find acceptance or resistance from political institutions. While institutional resistance to a campaign's claims about community makes it more difficult for campaigns to succeed, this resistance also indicates the possibility that successful organizing will enact changes to local institutions. I find that CDCs won campaigns (and with success, enacted some type of impact on political institutions) by coordinating mobilization throughout their activities and departments, and by including activists in governance and decision-making.; by David Micah Greenberg.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

‣ Farming for supermarkets : its collective good problems and what Brazilian growers have done about them

Gomes, Raquel Silva
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 155 p.; 11066137 bytes; 11087251 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This dissertation analyzes the conditions under which growers have effectively resolved collective good problems associated with the rise of supermarkets. It answers two questions: What institutional arrangements have growers used to resolve collective problems and what explains the differences in these arrangements in terms of what they achieve and whom they benefit. Brazilian fresh fruit growers have turned to a variety of institutional arrangements in resolving collective good problems, including growers's associations, cooperatives, trade groups; closer ties with public sector agricultural research and extension agencies; and closer ties with their buyers and input suppliers. Economic incentives and constraints are at the basis of which strategy growers pursue and its effectiveness. Yet findings suggest that growers' responsiveness to the rise of supermarkets are also a function of incentives and constraints embedded in 1) the form of government support in the 1970s and 1980s which led to varying structures of production and government-grower relations that still predominate today, 2) crop characteristics that affect how growers organize, where more complex crops (costlier, riskier) are associated with greater collaborative efforts...

‣ The risk of reform : privatisation and liberalisation in the Brazilian electric power industry; Privatization and liberalization in the Brazilian electric power industry

Tankha, Sunil, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 128 p.
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In 1996, when Brazil was well-underway to privatising and liberalising its electric power industry, few would have predicted that within five years the reforms would be a shambles. Like its neighbors Argentina and Chile, Brazil based its electricity reforms on the orthodox therapies of privatisation and liberalisation. The industry was well-positioned to benefit from the reforms: it was technically sophisticated, relatively efficient, and attractive to both domestic and foreign investors. Electricity rates had been suppressed for a long time, but they were not populist and it was the residential customer who cross-subsidised industry. As such, political backlash to increasing electricity prices was unlikely and, in fact, Brazil had successfully begun to raise electricity rates as early as 1993. Despite these fortuitous circumstances, the reforms did not induce sufficient investment and Brazil suffered a massive electricity rationing in 2001. For ten months all classes of consumers had to cut consumption by 20%. By 2002, the electricity reforms were politically dead and none of the candidates in Brazil's presidential elections that year, not even the incumbent administration's nominee, favoured continuing with them.; (cont.) My dissertation explains why the reforms failed...

‣ The Bronx is burning a hole in my pocket : why gentrification may never come (and what might happen to lenders, landlords, renters & buildings instead.)

Gelman, Emmaia
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 124 p.
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Bronx buildings appear to face a split possibility for their future: gentrification, as the city housing market continues to tighten; or abandonment, as inflated prices come down and leave owners in the red. This thesis takes stock of the buildings, the players and regulation, and looks at what could happen and what should be happening in order for Bronx communities to build the capacity to plan for the future of the housing stock. In light of the new Bronx environment, the means of preserving and regulating housing stock necessarily look different than before. They demand a more comprehensive approach to regulation that reaches investors as well as physical buildings. They demand a physical monitoring system that doesn't bank on tenants to report or landlords to selfcertify, and that recognizes the social constraints on landlords and tenants as actors. Many of these gaps are bridged by community groups that can function as regulatory aides, advocates for both housing stock and property viability, and on-the-ground analysts of the shifting markets that coregulate Bronx buildings.; by Emmaia Gelman.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2007.; This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 114-119).

‣ Women and post-conflict development : a case study on Liberia

Massaquoi, William N
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 134 p.
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Liberia seems an ostensible 'poster child' in light of the call by women's rights advocates to insert women in all aspects of the political, social, and economic transition in post-conflict countries. Liberia has elected the first female African President and women head the strategic government ministries of Finance, Justice, Commerce, Gender, Youth and Sports and National Police. Women also helped to secure an end to fourteen years of civil war. Pressured by women, the National Legislature has.passed a revised law against rape and a Devolution of Estate Act granting women in customary marriages the rights to own property and to take custody of their children. While acknowledging these remarkable contributions, I argue that reliance on these successes of the women's movement in the last several years is not enough to produce the kinds of changes that will bring economic benefits to ordinary women. I argue that the women's movement plurality neither ensures an automatic and equal representation for all women nor is it an all-encompassing movement for sudden empowerment for all or for equalizing life chances and opportunities. I then argue that what is needed is a developmental state that ensures a rights-based approach to state building. Without a social policy that protects at the least those whose subsistence have been decimated by the civil war...

‣ Analyzing policy, land use and zoning characteristics : understanding the potential to build housing near rail in the city of Los Angeles

Camarena, Erin M
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 151, [2] p.; 7709808 bytes; 7718506 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Firstly, the author provides an overview and analysis of the City of Los Angeles political framework and implementation strategies to encourage the housing development near rail stations. Secondly, the author discusses the capacity for Los Angeles' rail system to support housing development. Thirdly, the author presents housing density and land use characteristics for neighborhoods located within a /4 mile radius of the City of Los Angeles' 41 rail stations. Fourthly, the author conducts a more specific land use and zoning analysis for 5 station neighborhoods varying in neighborhood and transit type. Although the city of Los Angeles has made various policy and development efforts to concentrate new development near rail investments, these polices and projects have only recently begun to incorporate housing as a component. The finding in this report demonstrates the range of residential densities within all station neighborhoods as well as highlights the zoning and land use limitations on building new medium-high density infill housing near rail. Although many of the rail station neighborhoods are still very much in transition and residential density is expected to increase especially along the Red Line station neighborhoods, the report makes various recommendations encouraging the city to take a more proactive and comprehensive approach in TOD development in order to address the barriers of the city's current Euclidean zoning code and facilitate further infill housing developments.; by Erin M. Camarena.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

‣ The causes and consequences of condo hotel conversion in Waikiki, Hawaii

Lu, Mark C. K
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 102 p.; 1289037 bytes; 1298026 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This paper explores the causes and consequences of the recent conversions of hotels into 'condo hotels' in Waikiki, Hawaii, through an examination of local and national real estate trends. Condo hotels result from the conversion of hotels to individual condominium units operated as a hotel. In the last few years forces driving a national residential real estate boom have carried the concept of the condo hotel to the forefront of the public's imagination. For developers, the model of hotel conversion offers numerous advantages and has proven an effective bridge between risk adverse lenders and developers seeking project financing. Developers and condominium buyers alike value the services and branding hotel operations can bring to a property. In Waikiki, condo hotels operate as a vehicle for the renovation and reinvention of aging hotel stock. The product has proven exceptionally popular, yet the wholesale conversion of aging hotel stock could have both positive and negative consequences for Waikiki or similar communities. While condo hotels can upgrade a region's accommodations infrastructure, some allege it has the potential to disrupt local employment and undermine tax revenues. Others fear demographic changes and social displacement not unlike the controversy over apartment conversions in the 1970s.; (cont.) No doubt conversion of large numbers of hotels into condo hotels will result in change but that change needn't produce a negative outcome.; by Mark C.K. Lu.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

‣ What about the equity? : a qualitative analysis of governance provisions and return structures for equity investments in joint venture real estate projects; Qualitative analysis of governance provisions and return structures for equity investments in joint venture real estate projects

Jackson, Eric L. (Eric Lathrop)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 72 leaves; 165132 bytes; 164943 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This paper looks at the equity component of real estate finance -- the equity portion of the capital stack, if you will. It begins by characterizing the process through which real estate equity is secured by developers, and conversely, how it is placed by investors. It moves on to a discussion of the typical components of joint venture real estate LLC operating agreements -- the primary document used to formalize joint equity investments in real estate projects. Through the author's observation of a collection of operating agreements (primarily at the institutional level) governing both operating real estate projects and ground-up development projects, the paper discusses the six primary governance issues that are common across most joint venture real estate projects -- financing and capital structure, cash management, leasing, investment horizon, dispute resolution and defaults, and certain administrative issues. It further outlines how contractor control, control of the construction process and cash management issues emerge as the three additional critical governance issues in ground-up development projects.; (cont.) The paper continues with a discussion of the two primary return structure models prevalent in the market today -- preferred equity and participating equity. While the models are often tailored to meet the specific needs of parties to different transactions...

‣ No ties that bind : low skill workers, social networks and job search in the Silicon Valley's new economy

Ajose, Lande U
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 244 leaves; 20723468 bytes; 20723222 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This dissertation is concerned with the relationship between economic growth and social and economic equity. Equity is defined as the economic growth that enables lesser skilled workers to access employment opportunities that provide them some measure of upward mobility. The thesis considers whether personal networks - a key means of searching for work - are likely to provide any upward mobility for low-skill workers. This thesis examines the role social networks play in providing access to employment opportunities and upward mobility in light of the new economy. In the old economy, lesser skilled workers used friends and family to gain access to entry-level jobs. Because these jobs were largely unskilled, employers looked primarily to these contacts as references for employment. Once hired, the social contract between the worker and the firm meant workers could depend on those jobs for lifelong employment. In the new economy, flexible work systems and new forms of work have created a more fluid labor market with significantly more job changing. As lesser skilled workers negotiate this new terrain, they must determine how to use their networks to identify employment opportunities that offer wage mobility. This study measures the personal contacts of a small sample of 44 lesser skilled workers against the fastest growing occupations and industries in the regional economy of the Silicon Valley.; (cont.) Methods include survey research...

‣ Master lease & leaseback of government owned real estate : a model for a fixed income investment product; Master lease and leaseback of government owned real estate

Hutchinson, Jeffrey E. (Jeffrey Ernest), 1970-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 51 leaves; 2376161 bytes; 2375966 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Throughout the United States, significant taxpayer capital is unnecessarily tied up in the ownership of state and municipal government buildings. Today, multiple state and municipal governments face record budget deficits, and are struggling to find ways to raise revenues and decrease annual operating costs in order to close these budget gaps. At the same time, substantial amounts of investor capital from both public and institutional funds, as well as private investors, sits idle, as there is a lack of opportunity for safe, moderate-return long-term investments in today's markets. This thesis investigates the benefits and drawbacks to an investment structure, similar to the commonly used corporate sale-leaseback, that can be used to free capital that is tied up in existing government-owned real estate, while allowing governments to retain long-term ownership of these assets. It also presents the methodology for syndicating these investments into rate-able fixed income products, similar to municipal bonds or CMBS. These investments and the associated participation instruments create arbitrage opportunities for underwriters and syndicators of Government Lease Backed investments, and generate capital flows in the tens of billions of dollars. The models presented may be applied to federal...

‣ Collective economics : leveraging purchasing power of low-income communities for collective gain : Lawrence Community Works and the Network Advantage Program; Leveraging purchasing power of low-income communities for collective gain : Lawrence Community Works and the Network Advantage Program

Espino, Eric V
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 88 p.
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This thesis focuses on the concept of Collective Economics and develops a set of recommendations by which groups with common interests can effectively utilize their purchasing power for collective benefits. Working with Lawrence Community Works (LCW), the thesis provides an economic profile of the organization's membership as the basis for proposing partnerships that seek to leverage the purchasing power of members for collective benefits. Based in Lawrence, MA, LCW is a community development corporation dedicated to investing in both people and place as well as increasing ownership in the community by the community. As an immigrant city and one of the poorest in the Commonwealth, there are few opportunities for residents to break out of an economic cycle all too common among a large portion of the citizenry. In an effort to counter this cycle and provide hope for members, LCW is looking to use their established Network as the vehicle to promote a demand-oriented environment where group size and economic characteristics can be leveraged for group discounts and benefits.; (cont.) Through the use of survey data and a discussion of lessons learned from a handful of interviews, I propose partnership ideas centered on marker-oriented approaches to using LCW's size...

‣ Volatility-- a statistical comparison between the secondary and primary home markets : the lower Cape's volatility and average return compared to three Boston area primary markets; Statistical comparison between the secondary and primary home markets : the lower Cape's volatility and average return compared to three Boston area primary markets; Lower Cape's volatility and average return compared to three Boston area primary markets

Knight, Craig, 1971-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 52 leaves; 2035886 bytes; 2035695 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis attempts to analyze the long-standing perception that the secondary home market, homes built in and around vacation areas, is more volatile than the primary home market. For the first time, this study measures the volatility of a secondary home market, the Lower Cape. This markets volatility and average return are then compared with three primary housing markets in Boston's Metropolitan Statistical Area. In order to compare the volatilities and average returns among the markets, a price index for Lower Cape Cod was estimated by applying the repeat sales regression technique to sales transaction data from the Warren Group. The Case, Shiller, Weiss zip code price indexes for the Boston area were used for the comparison primary markets. The results from the study suggest that the secondary market is not more volatile than all primary markets. In fact, from these findings it appears that secondary markets have very similar volatilities and average returns to primary markets within 10 miles of the economic center of the region. This study finds that the Lower Cape was less volatile and had lower average returns than the market region within five miles of downtown Boston. The study also demonstrates that the Lower Cape's housing market is highly correlated with Boston's market and appears to lag behind Boston's market by one year.; by Craig Knight.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...