Previous studies from northwestern Ontario have identified large increases in the relative abundance of Cyclotella stelligera since preindustrial times. However, because most previous studies were based on preindustrial and present-day samples, the timing of the increase is not known in small lakes from north western Ontario. In this thesis I use replicate sediment cores from the centre basin of a small, remote and relatively undisturbed lake (~40 km northwest of Kenora, Ontario), to assess the timing of changes in diatom community, both in relative abundance and accumulation rates over the last ~200 years. The diatom communities in Arpin Lake began shifting in the 1880’s and experienced a drastic taxonomic shift in both relative abundance and accumulation rates by 1930. The community shifted from diverse assemblages of benthic and planktonic diatoms to one dominated by the planktonic Cyclotella species. These changes are similar to the changes observed in arctic and sub-arctic lacustrine systems; however in northwestern Ontario this is the first examination of this phenomenon from a simple and undisturbed basin. These taxonomic shifts occur concurrently with an increased mean annual temperature of 2.5 ºC since 1899, and likely involved complex physical and chemical changes in lake dynamics. Arpin Lake shows evidence of shifts occurring earlier than documented in other systems...
This report is an investigation into the events of a proposed aggregates quarry in the Flamborough region of Hamilton, Ontario. These events serve as a case example of the aggregates management system in the Province of Ontario. This report asks what can be learned from the events of the proposed Flamborough Quarry and some of the related aggregates planning and management processes to build an improved understanding of sustainable development as it relates to mineral aggregate resource management in southern Ontario. Using a set of combined sustainability assessment criteria, the report investigates aspects of engagement, institutional arrangements and governance, people, and the environment. The report recommends improving the aggregates management system in Ontario through a strategic environmental assessment.
Various studies have found that organic agricultural methods produce healthier soils with a higher content of organic matter, cause less soil erosion and create less environmental pollution from chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Farms that use organic production methods may also have a greater biodiversity of birds, predatory insects, soil organisms and plants, and emit less greenhouse gases due to lower fossil energy inputs compared to conventional agricultural methods. Studies have also found that purchasing local food reduces the greenhouse gas emissions associated with food transportation, and benefits rural communities and economies. This study seeks to promote organic production methods and local food systems in order to take advantage of the environmental and social benefits of both in order to decrease the negative environmental impact of our food production and distribution systems. The purpose of this study is to determine whether supporting the development of certain types of local food distribution systems can increase the amount of organic agricultural production in Ontario. The main objective of this study is to develop policy recommendations that may be effective in increasing the availability of local, organic food in Ontario and in supporting the development of the local food distribution systems that are used most by organic producers. A high percentage of organic farms use a Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) sales method and 75 percent of CSA farms in Ontario use organic production methods. CSA farms are mainly concentrated in five areas across Ontario. These five areas each have an established customer base...
Three repetitive sequences of northward youngIng, east striking, linear,
volcano-sedimentary units are found in the late Archaean BeardmoreGeraldton
greenstone belt, situated within the Wabigoon subprovince of
the Superior Province of northwestern Ontario. The volcanic components
are characterised by basaltic flows that are pillowed at the top and
underlain by variably deformed massive flows which may In part be
intrusive. Petrographic examination of the volcanic units indicates regional
metamorphism up to greenschist facies (T=3250 C - 4500 C, P=2kbars)
overprinted by a lower amphibolite facies thermal event (T=5750 C,
P=2kbars) confined to the south-eastern portion of the belt.
Chemical element results suggest olivine, plagioclase and pyroxene are
the main fractionating mineral phases. Mobility studies on the varIOUS
chemical elements indicate that K, Ca, Na and Sr are relatively mobile,
while P, Zr, Ti, Fet (total iron = Fe203) and Mg are relatively immobile.
Discriminant diagrams employing immobile element suggests that the
majority of the samples are of oceanic affinity with a minor proportion
displaying an island arc affinity.
Such a transitional tectonic setting IS also refle.cted in REE data where
two groups of volcanic samples are recognised. Oceanic tholeiites are LREE
depleted with [La/Sm] N = 0.65 and a relatively flat HREE profile with
[Sm/Yb] N = 1.2. Island arc type basalts (calc-alkaline) are LREE enriched...
Geochemical examination of the rock matrix and cements from core
material extracted from four oil wells within southwestern Ontario suggest
various stages of diagenetic alteration and preservation of the Trenton
Group carbonates. The geochemical compositions of Middle Ordovician
(LMC) brachiopods reflect the physicochemical water conditions of the
ambient depositional environment. The sediments appear to have been
altered in the presence of mixed waters during burial in a relatively open
diagenetic microenvironment. Conodont CAl determination suggests that
the maturation levels of the Trenton Group carbonates are low and
proceeded at temperatures of about 30 - 50°C within the shallow burial
The Trenton Group carbonates are characterized by two distinct
stages of dolomitization which proceeded at elevated temperatures. Preexisting
fracture patterns, and block faulting controlled the initial
dolomitization of the precursor carbonate matrix. Dolomitization
progressed In the presence of warm fluids (60 75°C) with
physicochemical conditions characteristic of a progressively depleted
basinal water. The matrix is mostly Idiotopic-S and Idiotopic-E dolomite,
with Xenotopic-A dolomite dominating the matrix where fractures occur.
The second stage of dolomitization involved hydrothermal basinal fluid(s)
with temperatures of about 60 - 70°C. These are the postulated source for
the saddle dolomite and blocky calcite cements occurring in pore space and
fractures. Rock porosity was partly occluded by Idiotopic-E type dolomite.
Late stage saddle dolomite...
In the Elliot lake region of northern Ontario, Yolcanlc lava piles
represent the lowermost units of the Huronian SUpergroup. These rocks
general1y trend east-west and belong to the Elliot lake Group. They are
s1tuated on the north and south limbs or the QuIrke lake Syncline.
The volcanIc rocks of this study contain a secondary minerai
assemblage consisting of actinolite, biotite, chlorIte, eptdote/cllnozoislte
tttanomagnettte and calcite characteristic of greenschist metamorphism.
Compilation of data suggests that metamorphism of the volcanic rocks
proceeded between 325- and 425-C and between 2.4 and 4.7 kb.
Geochemtcally these lavas represent tholeiitic and calc-alkaline
assemblages. The tholeiites are character1sttcally enriched tn Fe and Tt
and consist mainly of basalts, basaltic andesites and andesites. These
rocks are believed to have formed by the partIal melting of a peridottte
source at low P-T. In contrast, the calc-alkaline rocks are depleted in Fe
and TI, but show a signIficant enrichment In 51 and Zr; andesIte Is the major
rock type for thIs assemblage. I·t Is postUlated that the calc-alkalIne sU1te
of rocks was the result of eIther the partIal meltIng of abasaltic·magma at
shallow depth, or the melttng of s1al1c crustal materIal due to the added
we1ght of tholeiitIc material on an unstable crust and to downwarplng
processes Inttlated by convection cells.
Through aggressive legislative and educational policies Indigenous languages
globally have been shifted to the language of the dominant society. Globalization has
brought previously geo-politically and/or geo-linguistically isolated people and language
. groups into close proximity that necessitated interaction and at times intense power
struggles. There are currently approximately 6,000 spoken languages in the world, more
than half are either endangered, dying or disappearing altogether. Canadian statistics
reveal an overall 3 % decline in the intergenerational transmission of language. Of the
original 60 Indigenous languages spoken in Canada, 8 are extinct, 13 are nearly extinct,
and 23 are critical. The remaining languages have a slim chance of survival. Within the
next 100 years only 4 Indigenous languages will remain. The Hodenosaunee languages
of Southern Ontario are not incl~ded among the list of languages that will survive the
next 100 years. There are, without a doubt, complex challenges in the maintenance of
Indigenous languages within a dominant-culture influenced environment. Given the
increasing awareness of the social impact of linguistic integrity and preservation of
languages on Indigenous people as a whole...
This archive contains materials relating to the Ontario Medical Association. The bulk of the materials are correspondence. A complete administrative history of the association is available from, The first 100 years : a history of the Ontario Medical Association / Glenn Sawyer, Toronto : The Association, 1980? (R15 O58 S39 1980).
This study sought to determine if and how the Ontario approach to integrating media education into the curriculum can be applied to Chinese education. The study used thematic analyses to identify the Ontario curriculum‘s attributes and approach to teaching media literacy, and to investigate relevant policies and national curriculum standards in Chinese compulsory education to reveal the status quo of Chinese media education. Finally, the study explored the feasibility of applying the Ontario media education model in China. Findings indicate that the Ontario model can be employed in the Chinese context, but only partly so, because current Chinese media education is limited by protectionism and restrictive policies corresponding to the use of media merely as research tools.
The Act to establish the Association of Professional Engineers of Ontario (APEO)
was passed on June 14, 1922. The creation of the APEO was part of a larger
movement in Canada to license the engineering profession. At first, membership in the APEO was not mandatory in order to work as an engineer, but this changed in 1937 when the Professional Engineers Act was amended so that licensing by the APEO was required. In 1945, the initials “P. Eng.” were adopted by the APEO as the official abbreviation of the professional engineer. Many other amendments have been made over the years in order to strengthen the APEO’s ability to regulate the profession. Members of the APEO must also abide by a Code of Ethics, which emphasizes the regard for public welfare as paramount.
There are currently 36 chapters of the APEO. In 1993, the APEO’s name was changed to Professional Engineers of Ontario, in part to emphasize the group’s role as a licensing body for engineers as opposed to an association of member engineers.; This archive is part of the larger Ontario Editorial Bureau Fonds (OEB)housed at Brock University. The records contain information about the activities of the Association of Professional Engineers of Ontario. The bulk of the material is correspondence and media releases.
Based on the Comprehensive School Health framework, Ontario's Foundations
for a Healthy School (2009) outlines an integrated approach to school health promotion.
In this approach the school, community and partners (including public health) are fully
engaged With a common goal of youth health. With the recent introductions of the
Ontario Public Health Standards (2009) and the revised elementary health and physical
education curriculum (2010), the timing for a greater integration of public health with
schools is ideal. A needs assessment was conducted to identify the perceived support
required by public health professionals to implement the mandates of both policy
documents in Ontario. Data was collected for the needs assessment through facilitated
discussions at a provincial roundtable event, regional focus groups and individual
interviews with public health professionals representing Ontario's 36 public health units.
Findings suggest that public health professionals perceive that they require increased
resources, greater communication, a clear vision of public health and a suitable
understanding of the professional cultures in which they are surrounded in order to
effectively support schools. This study expands upon these four categories and the
corresponding seventeen themes that were uncovered during the research process.
In Ontario 27% of young adults smoke, and annual surveillance data suggests tobacco use
is plateauing after years of decline. The availability of inexpensive contraband tobacco
products maybe contributing to this situation. Limited research has been conducted on the
use of contraband tobacco and despite the increasing availability of contraband 'Native
cigarettes', no studies to date have examined their use among young adults. Accordingly,
this study examines: (a) what proportion of cigarette butts discarded on post-secondary
campuses are contraband; and (b) whether the proportion of contraband butts varies
between colleges and universities, across seven geographical regions in the province and
based on proximity First Nations reserves. In March and April 2009, discarded cigarette
butts were collected from the grounds of 25 post-secondary institutions across Ontario. At
each school, cigarette butts were collected on a single day from four locations. The
collected cigarette butts were reliably sorted into five categories according to their filtertip logos: legal, contraband First NationslNative cigarettes, international and suspected
counterfeit cigarettes, unidentifiable and unknown. Contraband use was apparent on all
Despite its importance to postsecondary students' success, there is little known
about academic advisement in Canada. Academic advising can be a very intensive and
demanding job, yet it is not well understood what duties or student populations of
advising make it so. On a practical level, this study sought to learn more about academic
advisement in Ontario universities and provide a general overview of who advisors are
and what they do. This study also investigated academic advising duties and time
allocation for these responsibilities in an attempt to relate theory to practice incorporating
Vilfredo Pareto's theoretical underpinnings to confirm or negate the applicability of the
Pareto Principle in relationship to time utilization by advisors. Essentially this study
sought to discover which students require the greatest advisement time and effort, and
how advisors could apply these findings to their work.
Academic advising professionals in Ontario universities were asked to complete a
researcher-designed electronic survey. Quantitative data from the responses were
analyzed to describe generalized features of academic advising at Ontario universities.
Discussion and implications for practice will prompt advisors and institutions using the
results of this study to measure themselves against a provincial assessment. Advisors'
awareness of time allocation to different student groups can help focus attention where
new strategies are needed to maximize time and efforts. This study found that caseload
and time spent with student populations were proportional. Regular undergraduate
students accounted for the greatest amount of caseload and time followed by working
with students struggling academically. This study highlights the need for further
Efforts to reform the public sector reflect the social, political and
economic environment within which government must function. The recent
demands by the public for more consensual decision-making, as well as more
efficient, effective and responsive public service, have resulted in a number
of reform initiatives, including an emphasis on partnership development.
The purpose of this thesis is to examine partnership arrangements within
the public sector. Specifically, the thesis will assess the value of partnerships
and their impact on government by examining six partnership arrangements
involving the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR). The OMNR,
having recently been awarded the 1992 Institute of Public Administration of
Canada Award for Innovative Management, on the theme of partnership
development, is being lauded as an example for other government agencies
considering similar alliances.
The thesis begins by introducing the concept and practice of partnership
within the public sector in general and the OMNR specifically. Descriptive
analysis of six OMNR partnerships is provided and a number of criteria are
used to determine the success of each of these arrangements. Special
attention is paid to the political implications of partnerships and to those
attributes which appear to contribute to the successful establishment and
maintenance of partnership arrangements.
The conclusion is drawn that partnerships provide the government with
an opportunity to address public demands for greater involvement in
decision-making while accommodating government's limited financial
Drama in education has been describea- as a valuable
pedagogical medium and methodology, enriching child
development in the cognitive, skill, affective, and
aesthetic domains, and spanning all areas of curriculum
~ oontent. However, despite its considerable versatility and
cost-effectiveness, drama appears to maintain low status
within the education system of ontario. This thesis
investigated teacher perceptions of both the value and
status of drama in education in one ontario school board.
Data were gathered in the form of an attitude questionnaire,
which was devised for the purpose of this research and
administered to a stratified cluster sample of 126 teachers
employed in the board's elementary schools. These data were
then used to examine teacher perceptions based on their
knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported behaviour in the
classroom. Teacher characteristics of gender, teaching
assignment, years experience, and courses taken in drama
were also analyzed as potential determinants of teacher
attitudes towards drama in education. Results of the study
confirmed apparent discrepancy between teacher perceptions
of the value of drama and its current educational status.
It was indicated that what teachers value most about drama
is its capacity to enhance creativity...
In light of the heavy reliance of the people of the Niagara Peninsula on the T\\'elve
Mile Creek (TMC) watershed for recreational activities and for municipal and industrial uses
( e.g., drinking water, shipping and discharge of effluents), it was deemed prudent to assess
the envirol1tnental health of the system by analysing the sediments total and exchangeable
metal, and TPH contents. The MOEE has set guidelines with limits for the protection and
management of aquatic sediments, and the sediments from the headwaters of the TMC have
total metal and TPH (subset of O&G) contents well below the lower provincial limits. Areas
of environmental concern where total metal contents in sediments, either individually or
collectively, exceed the guideline, are the south side of Lake Gibson, the Old WeIland Canal,
a segment of TMC just south of the QEW and Martindale Pond. The total metal content of
sediments does not in all instances identify areas of biological concern. Instead, it has been
found that the exchangeable metal fraction of sediments is a better indicator of metal
availability and thus potential accumulation in organisms. In some instances, the exchangeable
metal fraction agrees with the total metal fraction defining areas of environmental concern...
The hospitality industry in Canada is growing. With that growth is a demand for
qualified workers to fill available positions within all facets of the hospitality industry,
one ofthem being cooks. To meet this labour shortage, community colleges offering
culinary arts programs are ramping up to meet the needs of industry to produce
workplace-ready graduates. Industry, students, and community colleges are but three of
the several stakeholders in culinary arts education.
The purpose of this research project was to bring together a cross-section of
stakeholders in culinary arts education in Ontario and qualitatively examine the
stakeholders' perceptions of how culinary arts programs and the current curriculum are
taught at community colleges as mandated by the Ministry of Training, Colleges and
Universities (MTCU) in the Culinary Program Standard. A literature review was
conducted in support of the research undertaking. Ten stakeholders were interviewed in
preliminary and follow-up sessions, after which the data were analyzed using a grounded
theory research design.
The findings confirmed the existence of a disconnect amongst stakeholders in
culinary arts education. Parallel to that was the discovery of the need for balance in
several facets of culinary arts education. The discussions...
Automating Social Inequality: How Single Mothers and Caseworkers Navigate the Neoliberal Surveillance of ‘Ontario Works,’ 1995–2015 examines the growth and impact of surveillance practices administered by the social assistance program Ontario Works [OW]. The purpose of this dissertation is to show the effects of the “welfare surveillance apparatus” from the perspectives of those receiving OW as well as those administering OW benefits to better understand what it feels like to “live” under the surveillance gaze of the declining welfare state. Surveillance practices within government services correspond with wider neoliberal transformations that have led to increased privatization, downsizing and deregulation, and a reluctance of the state to accept their role to either intervene in the economy and/or mitigate inequalities. By placing OW within the context of the international phenomenon of neoliberalism, I contend that it this political philosophy and practice that has altered the administration and purpose of Ontario’s social assistance programs over the past twenty years. In order to economize and undermine state aid, surveillance has become normalized under neoliberal governments that are fixated on meeting targets...
Plusieurs chercheurs considèrent qu’il existe un modèle québécois quant aux politiques sociales et économiques. Mais qu’en est-il sur le plan de la réduction des inégalités? Plus spécifiquement, est-ce que les citoyens du Québec perçoivent différemment les inégalités et sont-ils favorables lorsque l’État intervient pour les réduire? Et comment la presse québécoise réagit-elle vis-à-vis de cet enjeu?
Ce mémoire se penche sur ces questions et vise à déterminer si le Québec se distingue de l’Ontario relativement à la perception des inégalités socio-économiques et à leur représentation médiatique. Deux types de données sont analysés : 1) une enquête de l’ISSP de 1992 portant sur les attitudes des Canadiens face aux inégalités socio-économiques 2) la couverture médiatique de l’élaboration d’une loi sur l’équité salariale visant la réduction d’une inégalité. Ces sources de données permettent d’étudier les différences de perceptions et de représentation des inégalités selon deux approches distinctes, mais complémentaires. De plus, dans une perspective comparative, le Québec est comparé à l’Ontario au cours des deux analyses.
Les résultats de cette recherche montrent que sur le plan des perceptions et des attitudes...