Página 12 dos resultados de 125734 itens digitais encontrados em 0.030 segundos

‣ A theory and toolkit for the mathematics of privacy : methods for anonymizing data while minimizing information loss

Katirai, Hooman
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 86 leaves; 14904672 bytes; 14904307 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Privacy laws are an important facet of our society. But they can also serve as formidable barriers to medical research. The same laws that prevent casual disclosure of medical data have also made it difficult for researchers to access the information they need to conduct research into the causes of disease. But it is possible to overcome some of these legal barriers through technology. The US law known as HIPAA, for example, allows medical records to be released to researchers without patient consent if the records are provably anonymized prior to their disclosure. It is not enough for records to be seemingly anonymous. For example, one researcher estimates that 87.1% of the US population can be uniquely identified by the combination of their zip, gender, and date of birth - fields that most people would consider anonymous. One promising technique for provably anonymizing records is called k-anonymity. It modifies each record so that it matches k other individuals in a population - where k is an arbitrary parameter. This is achieved by, for example, changing specific information such as a date of birth, to a less specific counterpart such as a year of birth.; (cont.) Previous studies have shown that achieving k-anonymity while minimizing information loss is an NP-hard problem; thus a brute force search is out of the question for most real world data sets. In this thesis...

‣ The role of large-scale government-supported research institutions in development : lessons from Taiwan's Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) for developing countries

Iqbal, Fareeha Yasmin, 1974-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 89 leaves; 3582128 bytes; 3581936 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis seeks to examine the extent of the role that the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) played in Taiwan's high-technological development and whether developing countries of today can promote such development by creating similar institutional arrangements. Literature on innovation systems was reviewed, particularly national innovation systems and the role of R&D institutions within these. Taiwan's recent economic success, deemed attributable to economic and institutional reforms in recent decades, was also studied. In depth analysis was carried out of its leading high-technological research institute, ITRI, which bridges the gap between industry and academia. Although the case of Taiwan is sometimes presented as a unique example of industrial success of an SME-based state, this thesis argues that this success was possible because the research and development process had a large institute at its core. One way of creating such a research scale is by merging existing institutes, a process that would result in more efficient use of capital and human resources. The case of high-technological development in Pakistan is briefly assessed in order to gauge how its existing institutions structure could be amended to allow such changes to be made. The study concludes with the following three main points: (i) scale is an important factor: Taiwan's SME-based industry was able to succeed because of a large research institute at its core; (ii) in developing countries...

‣ On-orbit serviceability of space system architectures

Richards, Matthew G
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 253 p.; 17385702 bytes; 18246141 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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On-orbit servicing is the process of improving a space-based capability through a combination of in-orbit activities which may include inspection; rendezvous and docking; and value-added modifications to a satellite's position, orientation, and operational status. As a means to extend the useful life or operational flexibility of spacecraft, on-orbit servicing constitutes one pathway to a responsive space enterprise. Following launch, traditional satellite operations are tightly constrained by an inability to access the orbiting vehicle. With the exception of software upgrades from ground controllers, operators are wedded to supporting payload technologies that become rapidly obsolete and to bus structures that deform during the stress of launch and degrade in the harsh environment of space. On-orbit servicing offers satellite operators an option for maintaining or improving space-based capabilities without launching a new spacecraft. Numerous studies have been performed on on-orbit servicing, particularly regarding the architecture of the servicing provider. Several customer valuation case studies have also been performed to identify the economic case (or lack thereof) for different categories of servicing missions.; (cont.) Little work...

‣ Making lives under closure : birth and medicine in Palestine's waiting zones

Wick, Livia
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 268 p.
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Reproduction is a site for understanding the ways in which people reconceptualize and re-organize the world in which they live. This dissertation tries to understand the world of birth under the regime of closures and fragmentation that governs the lives of Palestinians. It describes how checkpoints, closures, curfews have come to characterize childbirth in Palestine. It illustrates how the changing infrastructure, economy and discourse around birth produce new experiences of life in the medical sphere and in a family. Oral histories, life histories, doctors', midwives' and mothers' accounts, news reports and literature speak of these new conditions and experiences of birth and life. The meanings and structures of medicine, family and motherhood are thus remade. Oral histories focus on a history of the health infrastructure and movements in medicine, in particular the sumud (steadfastness) movement and the popular health movement. They illustrate how the figure of the doctor overlaps with that of the political leader. They identify the new health infrastructures built to assist birth during the closure which have different politics than the earlier movements, marking the post-socialist age, but show remarkable continuities with them in their emergence...

‣ Innovation and the state : development strategies for high technology industries in a world of fragmented production : Israel, Ireland, and Taiwan; Development strategies for high technology industries in a world of fragmented production : Israel, Ireland, and Taiwan

Breznitz, Dan
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 331 p.; 21182431 bytes; 21197136 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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One of the most unexpected changes of the 1990s is that firms in a number of emerging economies not previously known for their high-technology industries have leapfrogged to the forefront in new Information Technologies (IT). Surprisingly, from the perspective of comparative political economy theories, the IT industries of these countries use different business models and have carved out different positions in the global IT production networks. Of these emerging economies, the Taiwanese, Israeli, and Irish have successfully nurtured the growth of their IT industries. This dissertation sets out to establish that emerging economies have more than one option for developing their high technology industries. Moreover, it advances a theoretical framework for analyzing how different choices lead to long-term consequences and to the development of successful and radically different industrial systems. Hence, this dissertation strives to give politics - the art and profession of creating alternatives and the social struggles of choosing between, and acting on, them - the importance that it seems to have lost in the social sciences. The research focuses on the role of the state in shaping the structure of the IT industry in Israel, Ireland, and Taiwan.; (cont.) It argues that the developmental path of the IT industry is influenced by four critical decisions by the state. First...

‣ Assessing the technical, economic and policy-centered feasibility of a proposed satellite communication system for the developing world

Samuels, Ayanna Terehas
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 217 p.; 11571112 bytes; 11585349 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Satellite communication systems remain one of the most under utilized development mediums in less industrialized countries. This research proposes to establish a low cost satellite communications system tailored specifically for the developing world (+/- 30⁰ latitude). The technical, economic and policy related frontiers of the problem are integrated within a MATLAB based satellite communication constellation simulation which is used to assess the feasibility of the proposed satellite system. The analysis demonstrates that with technical advances that would allow higher capacity systems at lower costs and a renewed policy framework in line with the present state of the satellite system industry, it could be feasible to establish a low earth orbit satellite communications system for the developing world. The inputs to the satellite simulation are the proposed system's desired design variables and other relevant parameters. The outputs are system performance, capacity and cost. The Pareto optimal solution trade space is generated by the simulation model using a full-factorial run that probes the entire design space. The application of choice is short messaging services (SMS), chosen for its ability to provide proven connectivity at moderate costs. The capacity and cost of the most ideal Pareto architecture is contrasted against demand in the defined developing world region. The simulation also accounts for the necessary policy considerations and assesses the feasibility of the proposed system amidst the existing industry policy and regulatory framework. Additionally...

‣ Fighting engineers : the U.S. Navy and mechanical engineering, 1840-1905; United States Navy and mechanical engineering, 1840-1905

Foley, Brendan Patrick, 1968-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 290 p.; 15984963 bytes; 15984762 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Fighting Engineers examines social conflict as the cause of the formation of professional mechanical engineering in the nineteenth century U.S. Navy. In the middle of that century, the Navy began to utilize steam engines for motive power. Navy administrators recognized the need for engineering officers to design and operate ships' steam power plants, but the social and political status of staff engineering officers was unclear. Their rank was relative to line officers, the men who navigated the ship and commanded the crew. Engineers possessed no legal command authority. This created problems as engineers' responsibilities increased during the Civil War. In response to shortcomings evident in the training of the engineer corps during the Civil War, the U.S. Naval Academy in the postwar period designed an unprecedented technical curriculum. Through this program, the Navy trained the nation's first group of modern mechanical engineers. As Navy engineers built their profession after the war, they attempted to redefine what it meant to be a naval officer. The officer ideal moved from the aristocratic warrior of the antebellum period to a college educated, scientifically minded professional late in the century. To maximize the political utility of their technical expertise...

‣ Managing a sea of information : shipboard command and control in the United States Navy, 1899-1945

Wolters, Timothy Scott, 1965-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 294 leaves; 19484642 bytes; 19484438 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This dissertation traces the history of shipboard command and control systems in the United States Navy from 1899, when the service first conducted experiments with wireless telegraphy, through World War II, the conflict which witnessed the birth of the modern shipboard information processing facility. It argues that early-to-mid twentieth century naval officers' development and employment of increasingly sophisticated shipboard command and control systems fundamentally altered the human experience of warfare at sea. Based predominately on archival research, Managing a Sea of Information follows a narrative format. It begins by examining the United States Navy's adoption of radio and challenges the notion that a conservative officer corps failed to appreciate the potential advantages of this new communications technology. The bulk of the study explores the Navy' s development of shipboard command and control systems from World War I through the beginning of World War II, focusing particularly on the efforts of operational commanders to maximize their capabilities through the adoption of devices, methods, and procedures for the collection, processing, and dissemination of information. These efforts gradually changed the nature of command at sea...

‣ Re-engineering knowledge networks for development

Raghavan, Amrith, 1976-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 144 leaves; 12540689 bytes; 12540493 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis examines the evolution of Internet based knowledge networks (e-knowledge networks) in the domain of sustainable development. The objective of this thesis is to use an engineering systems approach to understand knowledge networks, identify the barriers to their sustainability and recommend strategies for re-engineering them. e-Knowledge Networks refer to the set of Internet based tools and platforms that support communication, collaboration and group decision-making processes amongst groups of individuals. e-knowledge networks are particularly important in the context of international development initiatives that recognize that knowledge is the key to technological change and sustainable economic development. This thesis is intended to aid knowledge network managers and researchers in their efforts towards making their knowledge networks sustainable. The thesis addresses in depth the most important barrier towards a knowledge network's sustainability- the problem of collective action among the participants of a knowledge network. It takes the view that knowledge is a public good, and a knowledge network would face the problem of under provision of this public good due the problem of free-riding and lack of mechanisms to mobilize collective action. This thesis provides guidelines and recommendations for the restructuring of incentives and organizational policies and the re-engineering of the technology to overcome this barrier. The thesis first outlines a framework and taxonomy for describing different knowledge network configurations and maps out the state of existence of important knowledge networks existing in the sustainable development domain within this framework. It then provides individual and comparative; (cont.) studies of two important knowledge networks related to sustainable development- the MIT developed Global System for Sustainable Development (GSSD) and the Development Gateway's Knowledge Network. The engineering systems approach used in this thesis enables the study of each of the sub-systems that make up a knowledge network- the human subsystem...

‣ Wireless networks for the developing world

Neto, Maria Isabel A. S., 1974-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 226 p.; 1455454 bytes; 1622641 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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As radio technologies and public policies evolve, an increasing amount of spectrum is being set aside for transmission use without a license. These license-exempt, or "unlicensed" bands, include 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz in the USA and much of Europe. I argue that this unlicensed spectrum, and low-cost wireless technologies that operate in these bands, is of particular value in the developing world, where it has the potential to substantially impact accessibility and availability of information and telecommunication services. In the context of numerous institutional and structural obstacles to entry license-exempt regulation potentially provides a friendly environment for entrepreneurship, reducing barriers to entry and the risk of regulatory capture. In order to assess this opportunity in the context of Africa, I have surveyed every country in the continent on their regulations and use of the 2.4 and 5 GHz bands. Responses, from differing country informants though mostly from the regulators themselves, were received from 47 of the 54 countries of Africa, which accounts for 95% of the continent's population. The responses show that there is significant diversity and heterogeneity in the regulation of these bands across Africa. Not only do licensing requirements and specific conditions change widely from country to country...

‣ Those who don't know : modernity, risk, and transition in Hanoi's local markets

Hiesinger, Margaret Amalia
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 308 p.
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My research is about the particular effects of Vietnam's economic liberalization program (known as "doi moi") on the local food and market system in Hanoi. Doi moi policies, which began in the late 1980s, have instituted major changes in both the national system of agricultural production and in Hanoi's local system of marketplaces. The doi moi reforms have created many new opportunities in Hanoi, but they have also re-configured social relationships and market spaces along the food chain to present new kinds of risk for consumers. These include harmful chemicals, goods of uncertain quality, and sellers who operate outside of the moral obligations of the dominant system of personal relationships. These things have not yet been resolved through regulation and have therefore been left to consumers and sellers to work out among themselves. The competition between various actors to manage foodborne risk in the absence of state regulation has taken place amidst the state's campaign to re-order Hanoi's market system according to neoiberal ideals.; (cont.) This has made the local market system a site for the enactment of a symbolic politics of modernity in which discourses that are really about risk and political economy have been obscured by their expression as a debate about "tradition" and modernity." Beneath the discourse of modernization lies a range of hybrid market worlds as well as systemic issues related to the transition from a centrally planned economy to a free market system.; by Margaret A. Hiesinger; Thesis (Ph. D. in History...

‣ Identifying Formal and Informal Influence in Technology Adoption with Network Externalities

Tucker, Catherine
Fonte: Cambridge, MA; Alfred P. Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Cambridge, MA; Alfred P. Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Firms introducing network technologies (whose benefits depend on who installs the technology) need to understand which user characteristics confer the greatest network benefits on other potential adopters. To examine which adopter characteristics matter, I use the introduction of a video-messaging technology in an investment bank. I use data on its 2,118 employees, their adoption decisions and their 2.4 million subsequent calls. The video-messaging technology can also be used to watch TV. Exogenous shocks to the benefits of watching TV are used to identify the causal (network) externality of one individual user's adoption on others' adoption decisions. I allow this network externality to vary in size with a variety of measures of informal and formal influence. I find that adoption by either managers or workers in "boundary spanner" positions has a large impact on the adoption decisions of employees who wish to communicate with them. Adoption by ordinary workers has a negligible impact. This suggests that firms should target those who derive their informal influence from occupying key boundary-spanning positions in communication networks, in addition to those with sources of formal influence, when launching a new network technology.

‣ A model for a virtual university in Colombia

García, Luz Stella, 1965-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 113 leaves; 9330658 bytes; 9342225 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The Colombian government is working on solutions to widen the coverage of higher education which is currently around 21%. One of the solutions to handle this major problem in rural and remote areas, but also in some towns and cities where there is either not enough capacity in the current traditional higher institutions, or its quality is poor, or there is little to no supply is Virtual Education. The current stage of higher distance education in Colombia is characterized by a fragmented supply with weaknesses in defining and adopting a pedagogical model, the use of technology capabilities, the organizational structure to support virtual education, and the planning and quality assurance processes. Institutions offering distance services have opportunities for improvement and innovative developments but they lack the necessary resources. Based on this diagnosis, our challenge in coverage of higher education, and the elements identified from seven international experiences studied, a Virtual University is proposed with the purpose of being an 'Open and distance learning university' with "open" meaning access to everybody and "distance" including the appropriate technologies and pedagogical models to offer distance education. The Virtual University is set up primarily to serve young students and adults from the lowest income levels who have finished their high school education. Three alternatives are described to implement the virtual university: i) a new centralized and autonomous organization...

‣ The evolution matrix : navigating the competitive advantage and sustainability of outsourcing; Navigating the competitive advantage and sustainability of outsourcing

Chen, Carl Joseph, 1970-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 161 leaves; 8689940 bytes; 8708293 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The thesis addresses whether there is competitive advantage to outsourcing and whether outsourcing is sustainable. The reason, outsourcing (to foreign countries) has become an acerbic topic because the breadth of its impact has now reached all strata of society-from blue-collar to white-collar. Our answer is based upon the pooling of several analytical tools: Ricardian comparative advantage, game theory, system dynamics, Clockspeed and a new holistic framework developed for this topic, the Evolution Matrix. Together these tools represent an Evolution Trajectory that is representative of progress, which for the purpose of this thesis is interpreted as advances in technology and globalization. Thus, these tools are applied from a perspective that is grounded deep in history. In doing so we learn that outsourcing is a part of the trajectory theme. A part of this trajectory theme is the global turnkey production network for the electronics industry. Its growth, abroad, and utilization by American electronics companies have a double-edged nature. This network has been a savior and potential source of competition. Our conclusion, outsourcing is a tactical tool. For companies, outsourcing may not aid a firm in its core competency quest. The competitive advantage of outsourcing is fleeting at best and outsourcing is sustainable only over the short-term. However...

‣ R&D organizational reform to provide profitable products; Research and development organizational reform to provide profitable products

Iwasaki, Satoru, 1970-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 95 leaves; 4238270 bytes; 4247398 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Providing profitable products for corporate business success is an important mission for the R&D organization. Although good organization design may not guarantee corporate business success, it can be a critical factor to determining a company's ability to extract value from its R&D spending. There is no one best organizational design. Each company has to build an appropriate organization based on its business environment. The main subject of this thesis is Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation's (NTT) R&D organization. NTT faces a severely competitive business environment from all angles of changing technology and service trends, competition, reorganization and financial difficulties. A case study of Bell Labs is also included, because of its similar situation and problems. Two critical internal organizational factors for providing profitable product are identified; marketing, and judgment of the development topics. A recommendation is given to build marketing capability in NTT holding company's R&D. Also, the collaboration method between marketing and R&D, and a new marketing approach for middle term R&D by using the lead user method are proposed. Furthermore, integration holding company's short term R&D into the subsidiary business corporations' R&D is also proposed.; by Satoru Iwasaki.; Thesis (S.M.M.O.T.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

‣ Framework for the study of governance in the supply networks : Wal-mart : "Enlightened Despot" model

De Graeve, Denis, 1979-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 64 leaves; 3607537 bytes; 3607343 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Extensive research work has been conducted on the topic of collaboration in supply chain management, but the more general topic of governance in supply networks has never truly been addressed. This research proposes to achieve three connected objectives. The first objective is to define the concepts of governance and supply network in a consistent and non value based way. These concepts have been, to some extent, clouded respectively by an extensive focus on collaboration and an indistinct terminology ("value networks", "supply networks", "value chains", "supply chains" and the less common "netchains"). The second objective is to study the case of Wal-Mart as a generally recognized governance best practice. The main focus will be on (i) the relation between the company's pricing strategy and its supply chain strategy, (ii) the enforcement of investments in supply chain technology throughout the network and (iii) the risks and benefits structure of the governance model. The third objective is to propose a practical framework for the study of governance in supply networks. This framework will be presented in the form of a roadmap for the study of other best practices in the field. It will then be retroactively applied to the case of Wal-Mart in order to confirm both (i) its validity and usefulness as a research tool and (ii) the intuition that the pricing strategy is...

‣ Public awareness of carbon capture and storage : a survey of attitudes toward climate change mitigation

Curry, Thomas Edward, 1977-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 94 p.; 4191306 bytes; 4191113 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies Program in the Laboratory for Energy and the Environment at MIT conducted a survey of public attitudes on energy use and environmental concerns. Over 1,200 people, representing a general population sample of the United States, responded. The survey asked a representative sample of the American public seventeen questions about the environment, global warming, and climate change-mitigation technologies. The analysis in this thesis uses the survey responses to draw conclusions about the level of public understanding and awareness of global climate change and carbon dioxide capture and storage and to suggest implications for public outreach. The survey results show that carbon dioxide capture and storage and carbon sequestration are largely unknown to the general public, and there is significant confusion over which environmental issue the technology is intended to address. The environment is not a top priority for the U.S. public, and global warming is not the top environmental concern, even for those concerned about the environment. The public's willingness to pay to solve global warming increases when an individual is concerned about the environment or believes that immediate action is necessary to address global warming. An experiment within the survey shows that a large portion of the public supports investment in renewable energy technologies but that support decreases when cost information for all climate mitigation technologies is provided.; by Thomas Edward Curry.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

‣ Data management in energy and environment systems : a case study of Web services in the E.P.A.'s Clean Air Markets Division.

Adams, Michael W. (Michael Wayne), 1978-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 72 p.; 4082807 bytes; 4082613 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The components comprising the energy and environment system for electric power are both complex and data intensive. With monitoring of different system components becoming common, increasingly the limits posed on participants in the energy and environment system, from federal and state governments to policy analysts, is not the lack of reliably measured data, but the inaccessibility and poor usability of the data that is available. These factors are complicated by the nature of the system that is constantly changing and which holds a diverse and sometimes competing group of stakeholders. This thesis makes the case for smart data management and application integration using XML and Web services technologies for government agencies involved in the energy and environment system. The features of a service-oriented IT architecture (simple, robust, heterogeneous, distributed) are elements lacking from the current system of data acquisition and dissemination. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Clean Air Markets Division is taken as a case study. The division is charged with managing the IT system for determining compliance with the Acid Rain and NOx Budget Trading programs. The system requires managing data collection from numerous and ever-changing electric generating units...

‣ Novel Interactive Cell-Phone Technology for Health Enhancement

Katz, David L.; Nordwall, Bjorn
Fonte: Diabetes Technology Society Publicador: Diabetes Technology Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2008 Português
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Self-care is essential in chronic disease management; however, adherence to self-care plans is often far from optimal. Advances in technology can facilitate self-management of chronic disease through patient empowerment and timely feedback. The Confidant system is a novel wireless remote patient monitoring and response system, centered around mobile phone technology, that translates scientifically supported knowledge for chronic disease management into action by providing easily followed daily coaching using the patient's own data. Daily provision of interactive, informative messages removes the burdens of recall, record keeping, decision making, scheduling, and data analysis. A pilot-controlled clinical trial evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of the Confidant system in the management of type 2 diabetes in 15 patients utilizing the cell-phone technology and 15 individuals in a control group (standard type 2 diabetes care). The study demonstrated improved levels of glycosylated hemoglobin, positive changes in diabetes management self-efficacy, and diabetes self-care activities among intervention group patients. A larger trial is now in development to demonstrate the clinical benefit of using the Confidant system among type 2 diabetic patients. This article describes the novel technology and applications of the Confidant system.

‣ The six facets model of technology management under conditions of rapid change: A Study in the pre-media segment of the printing industry

Prakhya, Sri Hemanth; Hull, Clyde Eirikur
Fonte: International journal of innovation and technology management - World scientific Publicador: International journal of innovation and technology management - World scientific
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Under conditions of rapid or continual technological change, understanding how the transition from old technology to new works is critical to organizational success.We apply the Six Facets Model of technology management to the process innovation challenges faced by the printing industry. This new application of the model yields insights not only into the printing industry but into how the process innovation process can be managed in any industry facing high levels of technological change. Thus, the Six Facets Model is validated in a new, broader setting, suggesting it be widely applied in industries facing significant changes in technology.; Electronic version of an article published as International journal of innovation and technology management, Volume 3, Issue 4, 2006, pp. 407-420 Article DOI: 10.1142/S0219877006000867 copyright World Scientific Publishing Company www.worldscinet.com/ijitm/