Últimos itens adicionados do Acervo: Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri

A Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM) é uma universidade pública brasileira sediada na cidade de Diamantina, estado de Minas Gerais, no Brasil. Foi criada em 6 de setembro de 2005.

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‣ A??es educativas de promo??o da sa?de relacionadas ? atividade f?sica nas unidades b?sicas de sa?de do munic?pio de Diamantina-Minas Grais

S?, Paulo Henrique Vilela Oliveira de
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
ABSTRACT This paperintended to study the understanding of professionals and students of responsible for educational activities of health promotion related to physical activity for elderly, conducted in the Health Care Units (HCU) of the urban area of Diamantina, Minas Gerais. This is a qualitative and quantitative cross-sectional study, conducted with 28 responsible for these activities. Data were collected with the use of a research instrument closed Likert-type, as a first approximation of the object of study.Data were analyzed in the descriptive and analytical using Epi Info version 6.04 for Windows.Were found 11 educational activities of health promotion related to physical activity for elderly in the six HCU studied.Five activities were responsibility of the teachers and students of the Federal University of the Jequitinhonha and Mucuri (UFVJM) and six activitiesof responsibility healthcare service professionals.Actions observed were ?walking group and exercises (stretching)?, ?spine group? and ?Qigong?.Among those responsible for the actions, nine (32.1%) were community health agents (CHA), nine (32.1%) physiotherapy students, five (17.9%) nurses, two (7.1%) nursing technicians, one (3.6%) Family Health Support Centers (FHSC) physiotherapist...

‣ Pol?ticas sociais e intersetorialidade: subs?dios para uma amplia??o do debate

Costa, Ronan C?sar Godoy da
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
ABSTRACT This paper aims to reflect about the social policies in Brazil and effective possibilities of overcoming of the practice sector for the construction of intersectoriality, wich, after consolidated, can promote the promotion of integral care to the demands of the users of public services of social burden. This approach is not very usual in the current scientific productions on the subject, since the approach is based on the idea of totality, revisiting the social policies and the intersectorality and the various determinations that overtake them at the same time, in other words, it is proposed here an analytical treatment observing a historical, political, cultural and economic movement that conforms them.This is a bibliographical-nature research, introduced under a critical-dialectical perspective, in which it has become possible to build a knowledge on the proposed theme inserting it into the discussion of current forms of capitalist accumulation, the posture of the new liberalism state and the correlation of forces by means of the class struggle.This analytical approach of research provided to conclude that we must reverse the course of the class struggle, which, even considering the advances made by workers in the sphere of civil...

‣ Hospitaliza??es pedi?tricas por condi??es sens?veis ? aten??o prim?ria em uma regi?o ampliada de sa?de do sudeste do Brasil

Sousa, Ana Luiza Dayrell Gomes da Costa
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Hospital admissions for reasons related to primary health care are said to be an indirect indicator of how successful a given health system is. They reflect conditions which could be potentially avoided if continuous, effective, adequate primary care were in place. This is mainly because the number of hospitalizations could be reduced by preventive actions and/or early diagnosis and treatment of acute conditions and monitoring of chronic diseases. The primary purpose of the present research was to provide a general overview of pediatric hospitalizations for conditions related to primary health care by examining child morbidity on the basis of secundary data from medical records. Here, we focused on hospital admissions of children under ten years (zero to nine years, 11 months and 29 days) to two hospitals in the town of Diamantina, Southeastern Brazil, in 2011 (from January, 1st to December, 31st). We found that hospitalizations for reasons related to primary health care accounted for 31% of the overall number of child admissions. When considering only the cases from Diamantina specifically, the percentage rose to 40.4%. Bacterial pneumonia and asthma were the main causes of hospitalization, although the diagnoses documented in the medical records were not consistent with official reports. Our findings support the importance of monitoring children?s primary health care given their highly vulnerable nature. We also argue that assessment of hospitalizations for conditions related to children?s primary health care can serve as a valuable tool in health management. Together with other indicators...

‣ Avalia??o do Programa de Educa??o Permanente para M?dicos da Estrat?gia de Sa?de da Fam?lia na Regi?o Ampliada de Sa?de Jequitinhonha de Minas Gerais.; Assessment of the Permanent Education Program for Physicians in the Family Health Strategy of the Jequitinhonha Expanded Health Region

Cruz, Cleya da Silva Santana
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
ABSTRACT The Permanent Education Program for Physicians in the Family Health Strategy was implemented in the Jequitinhonha Extended Health Region in October 2010 for the purpose of improving the level of resolution capability in Primary Health Care. It took as the starting point the significant and integrated learning of the various clinical skills that the physicians in the family health teams need. The objective of this paper was to assess the planning and execution actions, as well as the results of the PEP in the Jequitinhonha Extended Health Region, in Minas Gerais state, in interface with the objectives proposed by the Program. The study was developed in 14 municipalities in this Region, which had physicians from the Family Health Strategy whose participation rate in the PEP was equal to or greater than 60 percent. 14 health managers, 31 physicians, and 383 users participated in the research. The research used a descriptive, quantitative, and qualitative triangulation approach. The following data collection tools were used: 1) Structured questionnaires addressed to users, physicians, and health managers; 2) Reports by supervisors from the Professional Development Groups (PDGs) for an overview of the topics studied in the meetings...

‣ Planejamento e gest?o da qualidade de vida urbana em Te?filo Otoni-(MG)

Moraes, Denise Esp?ndola
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
ABSTRACT The disorganized growth of cities can create an aggravation of many environmental and sociais problems, hence, it is necessary intersectoral actions for a participative management and planning urban. Therefore, is essential the use of instruments that can assist in this process. Among these instruments highlight the use of synthetic index and geoprocessing. Thus, we intend to map the quality of life intra-urban city of Te?filo Otoni using these tools to understand what state of health of population, their access and use the service sectors urban and health in order to contribute to a diagnosis the life quality of urban in the city that can support decisions to build healthy environments in the city. Among the results it was verified that the city not passed by restructuring urban to alter the center-periphery model, this is situation verified in the socioeconomic indicators. The dimension environmental and educational presented great dispersion within the city, but the lower values these indicators are in periferic areas, situation which may be related to improvement sanitation that occurred in Brazilian cities across the country, starting in 2000, and the right to basic education for all, guaranteed by the constitution in 1988. Still intends to calculate the quality of life index to health and the final synthetic index of quality of life and build choropleth maps. Finally...

‣ Da auditoria assistencial do SUS ? atividade de trabalho em vigil?ncia em sa?de: contribui??es da psicologia s?cio-hist?rica e da cl?nica da atividade para o desvelamento do real da atividade

Carneiro, Elaine de Lourdes
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
ABSTRACT This was a study that aimed to unveil the work activity process underlying the implementation, or not, of the activities related to Health Surveillance, prescribed in the Final Audit Report of the Municipal Health System/2009, based on the meanings produced by a Technician of a municipality audited by the team of the Jequitinhonha/Minas Gerais Healthcare Audit Macroregional Center. Likewise, it was the objective of this work to define, together with this subject, strategies to face the factors that hinder the implementation of the prescribed activities. The study scenarios were three municipalities audited by this team between June/2009 and December/2010. Seven subjects participated, namely: four Technicians who carried our Health Surveillance activities and three Municipal Health Managers. However, just one of these subjects had all of his information interpreted in this dissertation. The epistemological assumptions guiding the study were some categories of Socio-Historical Psychology and of the Activity Clinic. The techniques used for collecting information were: Documentary Analysis, Semi-structured and Centralized / Thematic Interviews (both recurrent), Interviews based on Life Story Narratives, and the Culture Circle. The information was analyzed using the Meaning Cores and an adaptation of the analytical strategy adopted by Murta (2008). Six Meaning Cores were systematized...

‣ Programa Nacional de Suplementa??o de Vitamina A: representa??es sociais, conhecimentos e pr?ticas em um munic?pio do Vale do Jequitinhonha

Marques, Elis?ngela Christina Siqueira
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
?rea de concentra??o: Interdisciplinar.; ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to analyze social representations, knowledge and practices related to the National Vitamin A Supplementation Program (PNSVitA in its Portuguese acronym) in a municipality of the Jequitinhonha Valley. This Program has been established within the framework of the Brazilian Unified Health System in order to prevent / control Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD), which is currently one of the major public health problems associated with food and nutrition. As far as methodology is concerned, a qualitative approach and the Social Representations Theory were adopted. Semi-structured and focused interviews were conducted with twenty mothers of children who benefit from the National Vitamin A Supplementation Program, this number being defined by progressive inclusion, interrupted by the saturation method. The interviews were tape-recorded, transcribed and subjected to thematic content analysis. With regard to the practices relating to the National Vitamin A Supplementation Program, this study reveals that vitamin A supplementation has been a strategy linked to the National Immunization Program. This is an issue that may have both positive and negative repercussions. It shows that the supplementation practice has not been accompanied by a proper communication...

‣ O sistema alimentar no munic?pio de Couto de Magalh?es de Minas: a inser??o da agricultura familiar no com?rcio local

Paulino, ?rika J?nia
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
ABSTRACT The street markets, each one with its peculiarity and magnitude, play an important role in consolidating economic and social, especially family farming. This research aimed to describe the production system and food marketing in the street market at Couto de Magalh?es de Minas, Minas Gerais. Based on informations of the Secretaria Municipal de Agricultura, Pecu?ria e Meio Ambiente and the regional office of Empresa de Assist?ncia T?cnica e Extens?o Rural, some rural communities were visited to identify properties with some food production. In the production areas selected, it was evaluated the installations domiciliary, the food production systems and was identified which types of foods produced. During 27 weeks, visits were made to the fair to identify and characterize the products sold by the stallholders. A questionnaire was applied to 25 consumers, in order to obtain information about their reasons for attending the fair. In the rural area, 61 farmers (mean age of 54.46 years) were interviewed and 44.26% reported that ever lived in the same properties. With respect to the food production, 44.26% responded that it is for their own consumption, while 19.67% sell their products directly at the municipal street markets. Fruit trees were identified in 86.89% of peridomestic areas...

‣ The effect of Ageratum fastigiatum extract on Rhodnius nasutus, vector of Chagas disease

Avelar-Freitas, Bethania A. and Dias, Jo?o V. L. and Tib??es, Gabrielle G. and Rocha, Camila A. and Bahia-Oliveira, Gustavo H. and Grael, Cristiane F. F. and Pires, Herton H. R.
Fonte: Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri Publicador: Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri
Português

‣ The effect of essential oil of Syzygium cumini on the development of granulomatous infl ammation in mice

Machado, Rachel R. P. and Jardim, Deborah F. and Souza, Andrezza R. and Scio, Elita and Fabri, Rodrigo L. and Carpanez, Arthur G. and Grazul, Richard M. and de Mendon??a, Jos?? Paulo R. F. and Lesche, Bernhard and Aarestrup, Fernando M.
Fonte: Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri Publicador: Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri
Português

‣ Perfil epidemiol?gico, cl?nico e terap?utico da insufici?ncia card?aca em um hospital de refer?ncia no Vale do Jequitinhonha-MG, Brasil; Epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic profile of heart failure in a referral hospital in the Vale do Jequitinhonha-MG, Brazil

Soares, Fabiana Fernandes Rego
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
?rea de Concentra??o: Interdisciplinar.; ABSTRACT The non- transmissible chronic diseases are the leading cause of mortality around the world and have been increasing at a rapid pace. High rates of hospitalization and re-hospitalization caused by hospital clinical decompensation of heart failure have been described and represent a major issue. The aim of this study was getting to know the characteristics of the clinical, epidemiological and therapeutic hospitalizations due to heart failure in a hospital in Minas Gerais. We carried out a study of the quantitative, observational and descriptive records about 391 SUS admissions due to heart failure, in the period of 2 years. It was hold analysis including descriptive statistics using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) to obtain mean and median rates of the data collected. The significance level applied was 95% (p <0.050). The results showed that the average age was 67.75 ? 15.5 years, 51.2% of them, female. Among the comorbidities: 77.0% had systemic hypertension, 19.7% had Diabetes wounds and 30.3% had Chagas disease. The frequency of before myocardial infarction was 10.3%. The main complaint identified was dyspnea (81.6%). The average length of stay was 6.23 days and the average cost of R$ 1202...

‣ Sa?de e cultura: reflex?es te?rico-metodol?gicas na pesquisa qualitativa com povos tradicionais

J?ber, J?nio
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
ABSTRACT This study is about an interdisciplinary view drawn from philosophy, history, anthropology and health science. A common link among science, health, culture and people?s traditional knowledge acquisition was established to show the relevance of the qualitative methodology for this study and to strengthen and make people aware of the relevance of the traditional knowledge from different fields, mainly from science and the traditional knowledge, standing out whenever it is possible to, its relationship with people?s health and their conception of life and nature. After a theoretical and methodological analysis about what modern science may be, and taking into account the interdisciplinary view and the qualitative methodology, it was possible to conclude that science and health are cultural elements with a new meaning - a common learning process in a form of an epistemology that makes us understand how some hypotheses, methodologies and techniques in different fields of knowledge work.; O presente trabalho apresenta uma reflex?o interdisciplinar ? luz da filosofia, da hist?ria, da antropologia e das ci?ncias da sa?de. Assim, estabeleceu-se entre ci?ncia, sa?de, cultura e conhecimentos tradicionais das popula??es tradicionais um di?logo que nos permitiu ressaltar a import?ncia da pesquisa qualitativa como m?todo de investiga??o prof?cuo para que se permita perceber...

‣ Import?ncia dos condicionantes biol?gicos, socioecon?micos, ambientais e sua representa??o geogr?fica no crescimento e desenvolvimento infantil

Neves, Kelly da Rocha
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
ABSTRACT The attendance of the growth and development of a child is one of the basic actions of health turned to the children preconized by the OMS and by the Brazilian Health Department. The objective of this study has been to investigate the influence of biological, socioeconomical and environmental condition in the antropometric growth and the neuro-psychomotor development of children from 24 to 36 months of age, frequenters of a day care in a public system of a municipality in the Alto Vale do Jequitinhonha. Therefore, we adopted anthropometric parameters as weight and stature as measures of growth and the BAYLEY test III for evaluation of the infantile development in the motor, cognition and expressive language. The environments home and day care were evaluated applying the following instruments: Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment e Infant Toddler Environment Rating Scale Recised, both standardized. The economic profile of the population was determined by questionnaire of the Brazilian Association of the Research Enterprise. The socio-demographic characteristics and history of maternal and child health, were collected through a semi-structured questionnaire.The quality of the neighborhood was also investigated by questionnaire itself...

‣ Inser??o e/ou exclus?o do discente negro dos cursos da sa?de da Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri ? UFVJM ? campi Diamantina/MG

Oliveira, Ludmila Zaira Farnezi de
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
?rea de concentra??o: Interdisciplinar.; Linha de Pesquisa: Educa??o, Sa?de e Cultura.; ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to analyze the process of inclusion and/or exclusion of the black students in UFVJM, Campus Diamantina/ MG, the courses of health, according to the perspective of students themselves in study, by means of his concepts, experiences and social representations, with the aim to better understand this process. In view of the foregoing, the underlying problem that presents itself lacking in discussions, can be synthesized in the following issues: once that did not have a system of racial quotas - which occurs only in the year of 2013 - the UFVJM managed to ensure the inclusion of educational black descending and socially disadvantaged? Although: in cases of inclusion to this ethnic group, the institution proved to be concerned to pay attention to the permanence of the learners blacks students in courses, through opportunities and scholarships which are expressed in higher chances of inclusion? To answer these questions, it was necessary to analyze of the interviews directed at students who are studying the last two semesters of school courses health, aiming to cover a course academics in tracks to be realized. The specific objectives of this study are: to perform a theoretical about Brazilian slavery past and ideologies to point the roots of racial discrimination and prejudice...

‣ Da loucura ao crime: perspectivas das medidas de seguran?a ente a Reforma Psiqui?trica aderida pelo Sistema ?nico de Sa?de

Gon?alves, Renato Santos
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Coordena??o de Aperfei?oamento de Pessoal de N?vel Superior (Capes); Funda??o de Amparo ? Pesquisa do estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG); Disserta??o (Mestrado Profissional) ? Programa de P?s-Gradua??o em Sa?de, Sociedade e Ambiente, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, 2013.

‣ Contribui??es da Psicologia S?cio-Hist?rica e da Cl?nica da Atividade para a compreens?o da vigil?ncia sanit?ria na jurisdi??o da Superintend?ncia Regional de Sa?de de Diamantina/MG

Sousa, Ros?lia Maria Ferreira de
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
O presente trabalho se constitui em uma pesquisa qualitativa, cujo objetivo ? levantar, analisar e desvelar o processo de constitui??o da atividade do trabalhador da Vigil?ncia Sanit?ria nos munic?pios da jurisdi??o da Superintend?ncia Regional de Sa?de de Diamantina (SRSD), Minas Gerais e especificamente, na Microrregi?o de Sa?de Ara?ua?. Buscamos desvelar os dificultadores e facilitadores da execu??o das a??es de Vigil?ncia Sanit?ria, bem como os sentidos atribu?dos pelos trabalhadores a este processo de execu??o. Adotamos como eixo te?rico-metodol?gico a Psicologia S?cio-Hist?rica e a Cl?nica da Atividade. A primeira concebe o homem a partir da ideia de ?condi??o humana?, em que os sujeitos s?o vistos como hist?ricos, datados, concretos, criadores de ideias e consci?ncia que, ao produzirem e reproduzirem dialeticamente a realidade social s?o, ao mesmo tempo, produzidos e reproduzidos por ela. A Cl?nica da Atividade prop?e um m?todo de an?lise da atividade de trabalho, onde a subjetividade dos trabalhadores ocupa lugar central. Para a coleta de informa??es, utilizamos question?rio semiestruturado, entrevistas centralizadas, semiestruturadas e entrevistas de narrativa de hist?ria de vida. Os sujeitos da pesquisa foram os trabalhadores de Vigil?ncia Sanit?ria de vinte e quatro munic?pios da jurisdi??o SRSD. Para an?lise das informa??es dos question?rios foi utilizado o software Epiinfo?6.04d...

‣ Avan?os e desafios na implementa??o da Pol?tica de Aten??o ? Sa?de e Seguran?a do Trabalho do Servidor P?blico Federal em institui??es dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri

Nunes, V?nia Maria Fernandes
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
?rea de concentra??o: Multidisciplinar.; ABSTRACT The aim of the current study was to verify the implementation of the Policy of Attention to the Health and Safety of Work of Federal Workers (PASS) in public agencies referenced to the SIASS Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM) and other federal institutions located in cities that host UFVJM, as well as one of the campuses of CEFET/MG and the INSS agencies in Diamantina and Te?filo Otoni. A descriptive transversal study was done with 205 individuals (201 active public servants and four human resource managers) which, in regard to the public servants, had the following aims: to find out about demands related to healthcare plans; to characterize the plans as to absenteeism/illness or on-the-job accidents and, further, to examine issues of unwholesomeness and danger in the workplace; and lastly, to verify awareness of these plans in relation to proposed PASS actions already introduced into the abovementioned public agencies. Together with human resource directors, the study sought to identify the difficulties faced in implementing PASS proposals. This study demonstrates the need to establish channels of communication in order to keep public servants updated and involved in regard to any actions proposed by PASS. It also points out the importance of supplementary health benefits and of being aware of the quality of the healthcare plans and any proposed changes to them. Furthermore...

‣ Vigil?ncia em sa?de em tempos de HIV/AIDS: sistemas de informa??o no servi?o de aten??o especializada

Lima, Walber Ant?nio
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Sub-?rea de concentra??o: Sa?de e Biol?gicas.; ABSTRACT The crossing of the information from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN), with the ones from Specialized Care Service (SAE) where the Counseling and Testing Center (CTA) of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (Aids) operates, with the production of thematic maps using the Geographic Information System (GIS), are still a challenge for local and regional administrations and require more detailed studies. Objective ? To understand how works the Testing and Counseling Center (CTA) of Diamantina, with focus in the spatial distribution of patients that were followed by this service during 1996 to 2012 period. Methodology - This is a transversal study, which has an evaluative character, with descriptive analysis. The health micro-regions of Diamantina and of Minas Novas/Turmalina/Capelinha have their seat in Diamantina, located in Alto Vale do Jequitinhonha (Minas Gerais), which is a reference to HIV/Aids. We used HIV/Aids records from 1996 to 2012. The information from SINAN and from SAE/CTA clinical records were tabulated and analyzed using the Microsoft Office?, Excel, and ArcGIS ? (Version 9.2) for maps production. Results - The population of micro Diamantina consists of 166 961 inhabitants and of micro Minas Novas/Turmalina/Capelinha consists of 119 551 inhabitants...

‣ Ureia de libera??o lenta em dietas de vacas mesti?as em lacta??o; Slow-release urea in diets of lactating crossbred cow

Santiago, Bruno Tadeu
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Objetivou-se, com este trabalho, avaliar o desempenho de vacas F1 (Holand?s x Zebu) em lacta??o, em fun??o de diferentes n?veis de substitui??o do farelo de soja por nitrog?nio n?o proteico equivalente prote?na, oriundo de ureia de libera??o lenta (ULL). Foram utilizadas oito vacas F1 (Holand?s x Zebu) no ter?o inicial de lacta??o, com produ??o m?dia de 12,7 kg (? 3,1 kg) de leite/dia e 552 kg (? 30 kg) de peso vivo. O delineamento experimental foi composto de dois quadrados latinos simult?neos 4x4, de acordo com os seguintes tratamentos: Controle (100% de farelo de soja e 0% de ULL), 34ULL (66% de farelo de soja e 34% de ULL), 66ULL (34% de farelo de soja e 66% de ULL) e 100ULL (0% de farelo de soja e 100% de ULL). O volumoso fornecido, juntamente ao concentrado, foi silagem de sorgo. Amostras das dietas e das sobras foram coletadas para an?lises bromatol?gicas. Foram mensurados os consumos de mat?ria seca (CMS), de prote?na bruta (CPB) e de fibra em detergente neutro (CFDN). Os consumos tamb?m foram expressos em fun??o do peso corporal (CMSPC, CPBPC e CFDNPC) e do peso metab?lico (CMSPM, CPBPM e CFDNPM). A efici?ncia alimentar (EA) e a convers?o alimentar (CA) tamb?m foram calculadas. As digestibilidades aparentes da mat?ria seca (DAMS)...

‣ Desempenho e comportamento ingestivo diurno de novilhas Nelore em sistemas integrados de produ??o no Cerrado brasileiro; Performance and diurnal ingestive behavior of Nelore heifers in integrated production in the Brazilian Cerrado

Oliveira, Caroline Carvalho de
Fonte: UFVJM Publicador: UFVJM
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Objetivou-se estimar a produ??o, valor nutritivo e capacidade suporte de pastos de capim-piat?, desempenho e comportamento ingestivo de bezerras Nelore em pastejo em sistemas de integra??o, com duas densidades de ?rvores e as condi??es de conforto t?rmico de cada sistema. O experimento foi conduzido na Embrapa Gado de Corte, Campo Grande-MS, em ?rea experimental com tr?s sistemas de integra??o (integra??o lavoura-pecu?ria-floresta-1 (iLPF-1), com 357 ?rvores/ha, integra??o lavoura-pecu?ria-floresta-2 (iLPF-2), com 227 ?rvores/ha e integra??o lavoura-pecu?ria (iLP), com algumas ?rvores nativas remanescentes), em pastagens de Brachiaria brizantha cv. BRS Piat? associado ao Eucalyptus urograndis nos sistemas de integra??o lavoura-pecu?ria-floresta. A avalia??o da forrageira foi realizada nas esta??es de outono, inverno, primavera e ver?o, com duas alturas de pastejo (baixo e alto) e dois locais de amostragem (linha e entrelinha). Para o comportamento ingestivo (per?odo seco e das ?guas) foram utilizados duas alturas de pastejo (baixo e alto). Os comportamentos observados foram pastejo, rumina??o, ?cio, mineralizando, bebendo ?gua e ro?ando ?rvores, nas condi??es de sol e sombra. O conforto t?rmico foi caracterizado para todas as esta??es do ano em cada sistema...