Página 13 dos resultados de 1719 itens digitais encontrados em 0.040 segundos

‣ Nicosia, the divided capital of Cyprus : a look at its present and future using the comparative study of Berlin and Jerusalem

Christofidou, Elena Christou
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 194 leaves; 16769256 bytes; 16769016 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Elena Christou Christofidou.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 1986.; MICROFICHE COPY AVAILABLE IN ARCHIVES AND ROTCH; Vita.; Bibliography: leaves 193-194.

‣ Linking housing and capital markets in the former Soviet Bloc : the status of residential mortgage bond and secondary markets in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Russia

Lloyd, Douglas Steven
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 100 leaves; 9028369 bytes; 9028127 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Douglas S. Lloyd.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2001.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 95-99).

‣ The functional perspective of financial innovation and real estate

Murray, Trevor T., 1971-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 33 leaves; 99903 bytes; 99703 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Two broad schools of thought dominate theories regarding financial innovation. One seeks to explain the process of security design in terms of relatively static organizations creating and promoting their wares and services competitively, generally in response to shifts in technology, taxes or regulation. The other approach stems from an understanding of the basic universal functions the financial system is called upon to deliver. I argue that the latter perspective is a more robust and adaptable framework for explaining the process of innovation. Furthermore, this functional perspective explains why cyclical shifts in certain sectors such as real estate stimulate the need for new and innovative financial products.; by Trevor T. Murray.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2004.; This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 31-33).

‣ Oil and gas and the public lands : conflict and resolution

Wondolleck, Julia M
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 364 leaves; 19880280 bytes; 19931009 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Julia Marie Wondolleck.; Thesis (Ph.D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 1983.; MICROFICHE COPY AVAILABLE IN ARCHIVES AND ROTCH.; Includes bibliographical references.

‣ Police and computers: the use, acceptance and impact of information technology,

Colton, Kent W
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 366 leaves; 17932379 bytes; 17982866 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Kent Winterton Colton.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 1973.; Vita.; Bibliography: leaves 358-364.

‣ A comparative study of condominium and single family house price appreciation in the Salt Lake Valley

Billings, John D. (John David), 1971-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 60 leaves; 4321854 bytes; 4321663 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This study examines whether the form of ownership affects the appreciation rate of housing units. The specific test conducted is whether condominiums and single family homes in the Salt Lake Valley have appreciated at the same rate over the past six and a half years. To test this hypothesis, a sample of 10,134 condominium and 48,913 house transactions was analyzed. The sales were grouped into eight geographic analysis areas. Hedonic models were used to quantify the contributory effect on value of the time of sale, age of the unit, and other significant housing characteristics. The price indices created by the hedonic models for each housing type are then compared within geographic areas and across the valley. The paper shows that condominium price appreciation is significantly below the appreciation of single family houses in seven of the eight areas examined, which represents 80% of the sample. Valley wide regressions were then conducted utilizing geographic dummy variables for the individual analysis areas. These models indicate a strong premium for units of both housing types located in the downtown area.; by John D. Billings.; Thesis (S.M. in Real Estate Development)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning...

‣ The growth of retail REITs : an exploration of current practices and implications; Growth of retail Real Estate Investment Trusts

Toth, A. Eric (Anthony Eric), 1971-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 65 leaves; 2720086 bytes; 2719892 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This study is an exploration of the current growth activity of retail real estate investment trusts (REITs). The specific questions to be explored are: How are retail REITs currently growing, how is this growth being financed and what are the implications of these choices on the retail sector and individual REITs? This paper begins with a general overview of REIT specific characteristics and the retail sector that serves as background information to the data analysis found in the second part of this work. The author hopes that this thesis is of interest to REIT investors, managers, analysts and anyone else who might be curious about the current state of the retail REIT industry.; by A. Eric Toth.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2003.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 36-38).

‣ Residential property values and neighborhood retail : a comparison of pedestrian and automobile oriented retail clusters

Tiffany, Thacher
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 53 leaves
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This study tests the hypothesis that home buyers pay a premium to live within walking distance of pedestrian accessible retail. To answer this question two types of retail clusters are identified in the Boston metropolitan area-pedestrian oriented and automobile oriented--and comparisons are made between their effects on surrounding residential property values. Hedonic regression analysis reveals price gradients which vary depending on retail form, regional location and home type. In particular, walkable centers appear to be more appreciated in inner-suburban locations and among condominium buyers. Interestingly, automobile oriented retail clusters are found to not significantly affect the values of proximate single family homes.; by Thacher B. Tiffany.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2006.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 52-53).

‣ Using climate policies and carbon markets to save tropical forests : the case of Costa Rica

Arpels, Marisa (Marisa Carina)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 120 p.
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In the late 1980s and early 1990s, advocates for forest conservation thought that climate change could provide a lever to motivate developing countries to reduce deforestation. Fifteen years after the first climate change convention, however, global emissions from deforestation have increased. This thesis uses Costa Rica as a case study to examine how international climate policies and carbon markets have addressed greenhouse gas emissions from tropical deforestation. I argue that, to date, the international climate regime has failed to provide effective incentives to Costa Rica to finance its forestry reforms because of political decisions that favor forest protection in developed over developing countries. To be effective, the international climate regime needs to generate a substantial financial investment for avoided deforestation in developing countries and develop flexible policies that build capacity, promote sustainable forestry practices, and reward early reformers.; by Marisa Arpels.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2008.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 97-110).

‣ Office rent and labor availability in the Chicago Metropolitan Area

Tang, Wencan, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 55 leaves
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This paper provides an empirical analysis of office rents using data from the 2000 U.S. Census and TWR office building data in the Chicago Metropolitan Statistical Area. The results indicate that rent levels respond to variables measuring labor availability. The relationship between spatial supply of office space and labor availability is also explored. Balanced scenarios are estimated in each unit area, and areas with an under-supply of office space demonstrate development opportunities. Land use regulation is suggested to explain the difference between the model results of the office rent and of the supply of office space.; by Wencan Tang.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2008.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 46-49).

‣ Determinants of energy intensity in industrialized countries : a comparison of China and India

Huang, Feiya
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 78 p.
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The amount of final energy per unit of economic output (usually in terms of gross domestic product, or GDP), known as energy intensity, is often used to measure the effectiveness of energy use and the consumption patterns of different economies. China and India are both developing countries with large population and rapid economic growth. China has decreased its energy intensity by 67% from 1978 to 2003; while India only decreased its energy intensity by 5% over the same period. By applying shift-share analysis on each country's industry sector, I decompose their changes of industrial energy intensity into two factors: structural change and efficiency change; then, I explore the determining factors of energy intensity in China and India, and analyze why they are different. The result shows that, in China, the driving force of energy-intensity change is the improvement of energy efficiency, which decreases the energy intensity. Meanwhile, structural-mix changes played a low, but positive, role in decreasing the energy intensity. In India, energy efficiency also plays a positive role.; (cont.) However, the industrial structure has become more energy-intensive because of the increasing share of energy-intensive sub-sectors, which offsets the impact of energy efficiency on energy intensity; thus...

‣ Politics, jobs and workforce development : the role of workforce intermediaries in building career pathways within Boston's health care industry

Hutson, Malo
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 204 leaves
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This research study examines the role that workforce intermediaries within Boston play in creating career pathways for economically disadvantaged, under-skilled residents in the local health care industry. Using a case study analysis, this study compares the outcomes of two workforce intermediaries-one which is employer-led and the other which is led by a community development corporation. Despite the proliferation of new workforce intermediaries around the country and the increased amount of funding to support them from the private and public sectors, these institutions are limited in their ability to increase the supply of a skilled workforce and to change the demand-side of the labor market. However, given the current structural holes in the publicly funded workforce development system, workforce intermediaries play a critical role in serving populations who otherwise would have a difficult time entering into the regional labor market.; by Malo André Hutson.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2006.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 201-204).

‣ The middle of nowhere : town design and sense of community in rural youth; Town design and sense of community in rural youth

Donaldson, Helen Coughlin
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 100 p.; 4936879 bytes; 4940995 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis tests the theory behind the new urbanist call for "modem version[s] of the traditional town" with respect to one physical design feature: the clearly defined town center. It asks the question: how does the existence of a town center, which, as prescribed by new urbanism, integrates commercial, recreational, and civic facilities in close proximity, affect sense of community in rural youth? The findings of this study, at least in part, support the new urbanist theory. Students in an area with a strong center do appear to display stronger feelings of basic need fulfillment, membership, and more positive feelings in general regarding their community. However, in other respects, students in the area without the center exhibited a much stronger sense of community, feeling much higher degrees of attachment, identity, and influence. The strong sense of community exhibited by the students in an area without a center may well be a product of that area's edges, and may begin to elucidate the role of other physical (and potentially social) boundaries in fostering sense of community.; by Helen Coughlin Donaldson.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2005.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 97-100).

‣ The rental and occupancy performance of historic office buildings rehabilitated for tax credit as compared against their modern counterparts

Kroeger, Melissa E., 1973-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 100 leaves
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Prior to the mid-1970's enactment of federal tax incentives designed to dove-tail the interests of developers and preservationists, the plight of historic structures seemed bleak. Recognizing that preservation had become a national imperative that could not be accomplished in a meaningful way without significant private investment, the federal government enacted a tax incentive program to encourage developers to rehabilitate, rather than eliminate, historically significant commercial buildings. In brief, the tax legislation attempted to make preservation profitable despite the additional costs and the sacrifice of leasable space. The financial performance of buildings rehabilitated for tax credit has not been examined in the United States. Whether these buildings gamer higher rent or attain higher occupancy rates as a consequence of their architectural and historic appeal remains unclear. Answering this question is critical to an understanding of the full economic value of rehabilitation tax incentives and is the basis of this thesis study. Twenty-six historic properties located within fifteen different metropolitan markets in thirteen states were compared against their respective modern counterparts on the basis of asking rent, occupancy rates...

‣ Streetwise for book smarts : culture, community organizing, and education reform in the Bronx

Su, Celina
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2 v. (298 leaves)
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Education organizing groups that have similar goals frequently employ divergent political strategies in their campaigns. In the literature on social movement organizations, such differences are usually attributed to variations in political context, or variations in resources. This dissertation builds on currently dominant social movement theories by investigating how cultural norms inside organizations also contribute to distinct types of political strategies. Specifically, it utilizes archival, direct observation, and interview data on five education organizing groups in the Bronx to explore the role of cultural norms, usually manifest in the form of rules of membership, activities, and protocols. All of the case study organizations have been engaging in grassroots political campaigns for similar goals in local school reform and funding increases in the South Bronx. The analysis contrasts the categories of Alinsky- and of Freire-derived norms inside these organizations, which, when applied, are more akin to cumulatively developed cultural tool kits than coherently formed, whole "cultures." The dissertation carefully delineates the key characteristics of the two categories. For example, the Freirian category is marked by leadership development that emphasizes the organizer as a partner rather than as a traditional teacher...

‣ Science and technology policies, competitiveness, and economic development : a case study of Taiwan

Chang, Su-Hsin, 1973-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 131 p.; 6175349 bytes; 6175158 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The economic growth in Taiwan for the last few decades has been credited as stellar performance. However, what accounts for the growth? Institutions, political regime, geographical locations, or legal origins? This thesis attempts to explain the economic growth in terms of science and technology (S&T) based on the neoclassical and new growth theories, and comes at a finding that S&T development is significant along with the economic growth. In the process, the author also finds that the government is the major player in Taiwan's S&T development. Based on these findings, the author concludes that from Taiwan's lessons, the S&T is a direction and an area for those developing countries that strive to gain economic growth to make their endeavors on. And, for those latecomer countries, state-led S&T development will be a sufficient condition for economic development, for the government is the major role that is most likely to initiate the development through appropriate policy implementation and is most likely to provide a momentum to the stagnating economic deadlock.; by Su-Hsin Chang.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2003.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 129-131).

‣ Building equity : the evolution and efficacy of Montgomery County's moderately priced dwelling unit legislation

Jakabovics, Andrew, 1976-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 104 p.; 4647813 bytes; 4719272 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis describes the history of Montgomery County, Maryland's Moderately Priced Dwelling Unit (MPDU) law. Passed in 1973, it is the oldest inclusionary zoning legislation in the country. The law emerged out of three policy streams-land use and density, fair housing and desegregation, and workforce housing and economic development-that coalesced in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Advocates for affordable housing appealed to widely held values in their effort to pass the MPDU legislation. The law stipulated that 15 percent of all units constructed in subdivisions of 50 units or more must meet the county's definition of affordability. Among the county's goals was the equal distribution of units across the county. Because the county left provision of the affordable units to the private sector, the county had little control of where units got built. In addition, a sewer moratorium limited growth in the county for most of the 1970s. As a result, housing prices appreciated rapidly, further increasing demand for affordable units. The 1980s saw many MPDUs delivered, and the county made several important changes to the law to keep the implementation in line with the original policy goals. The 1990s saw a decrease in units delivered as the areas of the county.where units were required became built out and the size of planned subdivisions fell. As units' control periods expired during the 1990s...

‣ Architecture for Cyborgs : laptops and spatial use at MIT; Laptops and spatial use at MIT

Goldman, Ezra (Ezra Joshua)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 50 p.
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Individuals have a particular set of tasks they need to accomplish or what might be called a "life pattern." These tasks must be accomplished within a particular set of places or "life spaces." What is the role of the laptop in defining these life spaces and patterns and how does it either enable or constrain an individual from acting out their life pattern within a particular life space? This study uses a variety of quantitative and qualitative analytical methods for understanding the adaptation of student behavior to new technologies on MIT campus with a focus on the Sloan School of Management. Laptops will only enable spatial flexibility if the nature of one's work ("life pattern") affords it (Norman, 1999), "mobility" or "flexibility" is perceived to be advantageous, and there are suitable behavior settings (Barker, 1989; Schoggen, 1989) within their "life space." Most students are not creating "a new office" (Duffy, 1997) or choosing "special places" (Mitchell, 2003) to work. They mostly choose to use a very limited range of locations, often similar to office-type spaces. Only an exceptional minority of most techno-enabled are becoming free roaming "neonomads" (Abbas, 2005).; (cont.) Rather than being more "mobile," most people are now more "connected" wherever they go (Castells...

‣ Real options theory and the pricing of residential land-use rights in Shanghai; Pricing of residential land-use rights in Shanghai

Sheen, Victor L. H., 1972-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 64 leaves; 853636 bytes; 1127245 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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China's shift away from the welfare housing scheme has generated tremendous demand for private home ownership since the early 1990's. The resulting growth in the housing market fueled the country's transformation towards a market economy. However, the transition has not been without problems. One of the main issues the government has been grappling with is the dispute between developers and residents over low rates of resettlement compensation. This thesis offers a compound option model to analyze the existing land disposal system in China. Assuming Shanghai's land market is efficient and the market values of land-use rights converge to the option values of land, the model identifies the maximum values of tenants' resettlement and infrastructure components of the total land values developers can rationally pay to avoid negative-NPV investment decisions. The model suggests a compensation cost function of about 51 percent of total land value (conveyance fee plus resettlement and infrastructure cost), or 26 percent of the underlying asset value upon sales of the residential development. It is the recommendation of this thesis that the Chinese government reexamines the existing land conveyance system to formally include tenants' resettlement compensation and infrastructural fees as part of the land-use rights bidding package. This thesis further recommends legal recognitions of tenants' 'invisible leasehold interests' to strengthen their rights to the land on which they reside.; by Victor L.H. Sheen.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

‣ Opportunities and obstacles for US investors in Moscow : office market comparative return study; Opportunities and obstacles for United States investors in Moscow

Stolyarik, Alexander V., 1974-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 96 leaves; 4710553 bytes; 4710362 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Moscow in recent years has seen significant changes in the amount of investment grade office space. In the period before the financial crisis of 1998, in which Russia defaulted on its debt and the ruble was drastically devalued, many foreign investors saw great opportunity in the Moscow office market. What attracted foreigners then was the scarcity of suitable space for many foreign companies looking for offices in Moscow and the changes taking place in Russian law concerning ownership of land and real property. With the advent of the 1998 crisis the interest of foreigners waned, but that of cash-rich Russian companies and individuals, principally from the natural resources sector, grew in intensity. Since then and for myriad reasons that I shall examine in this study, Russian investors appear to have successfully held the foreigners at bay. Just what advantages do the Russians continue to have over foreigners other than their opportunistic entry post 1998? How are these advantages measured in risk-adjusted terms? What is the source of these advantages? Are they likely to be sustained to the point that foreign investors will be reluctant to compete in Moscow's real estate market? Using US investors as an example, this study seeks to find answers to these questions and...