This research paper examines themes of power and privilege that occur within service-learning as described by 3 Ontario universities on their service-learning websites. Due to size and time restrictions, this paper was able to examine only 3 Ontario universities: Brock, Wilfrid Laurier, and Lakehead. The purpose of this study is geared towards service-learning practitioners in order for the universities and students to become more self-aware of their immense place of privilege within the service-learning context. Qualitative narrative analysis research methods were employed in this purposeful sample to examine how each university’s story of service-learning reflected themes of power and privilege. The research found that each university posed a unique narrative of service-learning representing various stakeholders’ voices and presence in different ways on their website. Brock largely focuses on faculty and student voices. Laurier intentionally attempts to include all three stakeholder voices, although still favours students and the university as an audience over the community. Lakehead’s unique program includes a plethora of voices and intends much of their information for the community members, students, and the university. The implications of this research demonstrate that universities have a large amount of power and privilege...
This study examines the adaptability of the Finland model to meet the educational disparities currently observed in the education system in Ontario, Canada. A literature review and a database highlight key characteristics of the Finland model. From this information, Finland and Ontario’s systems are found to be similar in the areas of systemic structure and educational philosophies, and international testing and performance standards. The systems are found to be different in the areas of geography and demographics, social perceptions and attitudes towards education, school system structure, teaching philosophies, teacher education and professional status, and standardized and high-stakes testing. Discussion regarding use of Finnish philosophies to meet Ontario’s needs in the following areas takes place: social perceptions and attitudes towards education, our teaching philosophies, our teacher education and professional status, and our use of high-stakes and standardized testing. Opportunities for future research are also discussed and the major research paper includes a workshop and survey.
This study sought to explore the current state of Grades 4 to 8 science education in Ontario from the perspective of Junior/Intermediate (J/I) teachers. The study’s methodology was a sequential 2-phased mixed methods explanatory design denoted as QUAN (qual) qual. Data were collected from an online survey and follow-up interviews. J/I teachers (N = 219) from 48 school boards in Ontario completed a survey that collected both quantitative and qualitative data. Interviewees were selected from the survey participant population (n = 6) to represent a range of teaching strategies, attitudes toward teaching science, and years of experience. Survey and interview questions inquired about teacher attitudes toward teaching science, academic and professional experiences, teaching strategies, support resources, and instructional time allotments. Quantitative data analyses involved the descriptive statistics and chi-square tests. Qualitative data was coded inductively and deductively. Academic background in science was found to significantly influence teachers’ reported level of capability to teach science. The undergraduate degrees held by J/I science teachers were found to significantly influence their reported levels of capability to teach science. Participants identified a lack of time allocated for science instruction and inadequate equipment and facilities as major limitations on science instruction. Science in schools was reported to be of a “second-tiered” value to language and mathematics. Implications of this study include improving undergraduate and preservice experiences of elementary teachers by supporting their science content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge.
A release from the office of Peter Partington, QC, MPP Brock, stating his support for the Wine Council of Ontario. The resolution is quoted and and there are handwritten notes making slight changes. The document is dated October 25, 1985.
Through a case-study analysis of Ontario's ethanol policy, this thesis addresses a number
of themes that are consequential to policy and policy-making: spatiality, democracy and
uncertainty. First, I address the 'spatial debate' in Geography pertaining to the relevance
and affordances of a 'scalar' versus a 'flat' ontoepistemology. I argue that policy is
guided by prior arrangements, but is by no means inevitable or predetermined. As such,
scale and network are pragmatic geographical concepts that can effectively address the
issue of the spatiality of policy and policy-making. Second, I discuss the democratic
nature of policy-making in Ontario through an examination of the spaces of engagement
that facilitate deliberative democracy. I analyze to what extent these spaces fit into
Ontario's environmental policy-making process, and to what extent they were used by
various stakeholders. Last, I take seriously the fact that uncertainty and unavoidable
injustice are central to policy, and examine the ways in which this uncertainty shaped the
specifics of Ontario's ethanol policy. Ultimately, this thesis is an exercise in
understanding sub-national environmental policy-making in Canada, with an emphasis on
how policy-makers tackle the issues they are faced with in the context of environmental
This qualitative study>addresses the question of how Ontario elementary school
principals negotiate their varied work roles, through interviews with and observations of
6 principals. Using inductive data analysis, principals' negotiations were divided into 5
categories: negotiating priorities, negotiating the process, negotiating constraints,
negotiating the roles of others, and negotiating the self. These principals worked within
these categories simultaneously, emphasizing some more than others, dependent on the
circumstances. For these principals, the time they spent with people in the school and the
resulting relationships that enabled them to build were a first priority, and a large part of
how each principal chose to negotiate the demands of their role arose from their
personality and their personal values.
A poster for two days of events in Lindsay, Ontario. The poster is by the Ontario Temperance Federation and offers a "Teen Age Turnout" on Saturday November 14th and an assembly on Sunday November 15th featuring Dr. Wm. Seath "direct from 20 yrs. on Chicago's infamous 'Skid Row'".
In May 1993, the Province of Ontario established the Royal Commission on Learning to "ensure that Ontario's youth are well-prepared for the challenges of the twenty-first century." The report, released in January 1995, suggested a vision and action plan to guide the reform of elementary and secondary school education. This would include values, goals and programs of schools, as well as systems of accountability and educational governance.; This report was downlaoded from the Ontario Ministry of Education website (http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/general/abcs/rcom/main.html) (accessed November 21, 2011).; Paper copy - CA2 ON Z1 93L Stauffer Library - Documents
OBJECTIVES: (1) Describe the population of mentally ill offenders over whom Ontario Review Board (ORB) held jurisdiction. (2) Assess the influences of psychopathology and criminal factors on criminal career.
METHOD: This study was a retrospective case series design that reviewed all offenders who were court ordered for psychiatric evaluation at Mental Health Services Site of Providence Care in Kingston, Ontario from 1993 to 2007 (N=347). Eighty five subjects were found not criminally responsible on the account of mental disorder and were included in statistical analysis (n=85). Bivariate associations between five key variables and two outcome variables, seriousness of crime and recidivism, were examined. Logistic regressions were conducted to test the role of the predictor variables on the outcome variables.
RESULTS: Age and change in principal psychiatric diagnosis over time were shown to be associated with seriousness of crime. Timing of psychiatric onset, early signs of deviance and change in diagnosis were shown to be associated with recidivism. On the whole, study population did not markedly vary in their distribution of variables by the outcome variables. Regression model included timing of psychiatric onset; psychiatric history; existence of criminal associate; child abuse history; and early signs of deviance. Recidivism was shown to be predicted by early signs of deviance (OR=8.154...
Report about Trends and Drivers in Ontario physiotherapists' practice in regard to Patients, Practice, Technology and the System, as a component of a larger environmental scanning project.; College of Physiotherapists of Ontario
The developed world now recognizes the long-term implications of climate change on the health of global populations. In 2008, the Canadian Nurses Association and the International Council of Nurses clearly defined the role of the nurse in building community resilience to climate change. The purpose of this study was to explore Ontario public health nurses’ (PHN) knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and actions towards climate change. Data for this cross-sectional study was collected with an online questionnaire. Using the concepts underpinning the theory of planned behavior (TPB), the questionnaire adapted a series of previously developed questions. Descriptive statistics along with comparisons using Kruskal-Wallis H tests and Chi-square statistics were calculated using SPSS®. Logistic Regression was used to explore predictive models for intention to act. The majority of participants agreed that climate change is happening and will have local impacts. Most participants believed that PHNs and local public health agencies (LPHAs) had a responsibility to address climate change but had less agreement about ability and the level of priority given to the issue. Geographic comparisons showed that northern region participants were in less agreement than the central region regarding LPHAs responsibility to address climate change. Liberal leaning participants were more likely to agree that climate change posed a local risk than Conservative leaning participants. However...
Mercury (Hg) research in Ontario has centered on aquatic environments since fish can be
a significant source of methylmercury for humans. Interactions between terrestrial and
aquatic environments in regards to the Hg cycle have received less attention. This study
focuses on the role of trees as a source and/or sink of Hg to the environment and the ap-
plicability of deciduous trees as biomonitors for Hg. Leaf, bark and wood core samples
were taken from a variety of deciduous species including Acer spp. (sugar, silver and red
maple), Quercus spp. (red oak), Populus spp. (eastern cottonwood), and Salix spp. (willow)
mainly from the Dorset and Kingston, ON regions. Examination of seasonal variation of
Hg concentrations ([Hg]) in leaves indicated that average autumn leaf Hg ranged from 17–
45 ng/g and differed significantly among species. Leaf [Hg] increased with the growing
season and roughly corresponded to regional atmospheric [Hg]. Microspatial trends in
leaf [Hg], such as position on a branch, may increase variability. Tree cores from contami-
nated and reference sites in the Kingston area showed that although dendrochronological
techniques are not appropriate for estimating historical atmospheric Hg, they are useful
for estimating the total Hg burden of a single tree. Populus and Salix...
Since the mid-1970s, the Ontario (Canada) Ministry of Environment (OMOE) has been collecting data on fish tissue mercury (Hg) contamination in provincial waterbodies. By 2004, approximately 160,000 fish from 86 species at over 1,600 sites were tested for Hg. This large database is primarily used to issue advisories for safe human fish consumption via publication of the biennial Guide to Eating Ontario Sport Fish. Analysis to uncover spatio-temporal trends while maximising the use of data points is complicated by the application of a non-random heterogeneous sampling design. The National Descriptive Model for Mercury in Fish (NDMMF) developed by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a statistical model of Hg concentrations that can potentially mitigate these challenges by separating the spatiotemporal variability of fish-[Hg] sampling while considering the effects of species, size, and fish sample portion type. However, the NDMMF has not been fully exploited, likely due to lack of rigorous evaluation. We conduct the first detailed investigation on the ability of the NDMMF to reproduce the observed fish-[Hg] in coolwater walleye (Sander vitreous) and warm-water yellow perch (Perca flavescens). Approximately two-thirds of both walleye and yellow perch [Hg]-length relationships could be accurately predicted using the NDMMF. For these cases...
Cette thèse fait la lumière sur les différentes manières dont, historiquement, a été perçu, conçu et vécu le territoire, à travers l’expérience et l’essor de la mobilité. Cette étude montre le rôle crucial de l’automobilité dans le développement touristique du Québec et de l’Ontario et les manières dont elle a façonné certains de leurs territoires. La thèse reconstitue ces processus en examinant les différentes mesures adoptées pour mettre en tourisme ces territoires et les transformer sur le plan matériel comme symbolique, entre 1920 et 1967. Elle répond à la question suivante : en quoi et comment la mobilité associée à l’automobile transforme et crée les territoires touristiques?
La période étudiée s’ouvre au moment où débute l’intervention gouvernementale en matière de tourisme et s’amorce l’aménagement d’infrastructures favorisant une plus grande automobilité. Elle se clôt sur les célébrations entourant le Centenaire du Canada et la tenue de l’Expo 1967 à Montréal, qui donnent lieu à un aménagement intense du territoire afin d’accommoder un nombre sans précédent de touristes motorisés en provenance des autres provinces canadiennes et des États-Unis.
La thèse reconstitue d’abord le processus de mise en tourisme des territoires par la conception...
Le Traité de Marrakech stipule que le commerce et le développement
économique devraient être orientés de manière à permettre l’utilisation optimale
des ressources mondiales, conformément à l’objectif de développement durable.
Combiné aux dispositions du Protocole de Kyoto et du Traité de Copenhague,
les gouvernements poursuivent de politiques nationales favorisant les
producteurs nationaux au détriment des étrangers. Cette mémoire propose une
analyse des règles de l’OMC, dans le but de déterminer les mesures
disciplinaires possibles contre le Canada à l'égard de ses mécanismes de support
de l’énergie renouvelable. Une analyse des règles énoncées dans le GATT,
l’Accord sur les subventions et les mesures compensatoires et divers accords
multilatéraux conclus dans le cadre de l’OMC permet de déterminer si elles
pourraient s’appliquer aux mécanismes de support de l’énergie renouvelable.
Une analyse des programmes du Québec et de l’Ontario permet une prise de
position quant à leur conformité aux règles commerciales de l’OMC.; The Marrakesh Agreement’s preamble states that trade and economic
development should be conducted to allow for the optimal use of the world’s
resources in accordance with the objective of sustainable development. This...
The regulation of Lake Ontario water level began on April 20, 1960. In recent years,
there have been many Lake Ontario residents dissatisfied with the erosion damage to their
properties. Many believe that the increase in erosion has been caused by the International
St. Lawrence River Board of Control maintaining a water level which is too high. The
scope of this thesis was to first identify what the actual change in the lake level has been
since regulation began and then to determine how much of this difference could be
attributed to regulation and how much should be attributed to the supply change. The
results indicate that the major cause is the increase in supplies.
Studio 86 presents in-depth discussions with RIT newsmakers. In this episode, RIT alumnus Dan Scoville discusses the discovery in Lake Ontario of the Revolutionary War-era British warship HMS Ontario with Studio 86 host Mike Saffran.; RIT University News - Studio 86 podcast.