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‣ Is there any Association Between Human Lymphotropic Virus Type I (HTLV-I) Infection and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus? An Original Research and Literature Review

Shirdel, Abbas; Hashemzadeh, Kamila; Sahebari, Maryam; Rafatpanah, Houshang; Hatef, MohammadReza; Rezaieyazdi, Zahra; Mirfeizi, Zahra; FaridHosseini, Reza
Fonte: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Publicador: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2013 Português
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Objective(s): Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with unknown etiology. Some environmental factors can induce SLE in genetically susceptible individuals; for example, sun exposure and some viral infections may emerge the disease manifestations. Human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-I) can dysregulate the human immune system, and the role of this virus in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases is under investigation. There are conflicting data about the role of HTLV-I in the pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases such as SLE. In this study, we have focused on the correlation between HTLV-I infection and SLE in the northeast of Iran, an endemic area for the virus.

‣ Stroke-induced brain parenchymal injury drives blood–brain barrier early leakage kinetics: a combined in vivo/in vitro study

Kuntz, Mélanie; Mysiorek, Caroline; Pétrault, Olivier; Pétrault, Maud; Uzbekov, Rustem; Bordet, Régis; Fenart, Laurence; Cecchelli, Roméo; Bérézowski, Vincent
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The disappointing clinical outcomes of neuroprotectants challenge the relevance of preclinical stroke models and data in defining early cerebrovascular events as potential therapeutic targets. The kinetics of blood–brain barrier (BBB) leakage after reperfusion and the link with parenchymal lesion remain debated. By using in vivo and in vitro approaches, we conducted a kinetic analysis of BBB dysfunction during early reperfusion. After 60 minutes of middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by reperfusion times up to 24 hours in mice, a non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging method, through an original sequence of diffusion-weighted imaging, determined brain water mobility in microvascular compartments (D*) apart from parenchymal compartments (apparent diffusion coefficient). An increase in D* found at 4 hours post reperfusion concurred with the onset of both Evans blue/Dextran extravasations and in vitro BBB opening under oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (R). The BBB leakage coincided with an emerging cell death in brain tissue as well as in activated glial cells in vitro. The co-culture of BBB endothelial and glial cells evidenced a recovery of endothelium tightness when glial cells were absent or non-injured during R. Preserving the ischemic brain parenchymal cells within 4 hours of reperfusion may improve therapeutic strategies for cerebrovascular protection against stroke.

‣ Antidepressant Effect of Dimeric Dipeptide GSB-106, an Original Low-Molecular-Weight Mimetic of BDNF

Seredenin, S.B.; Voronina, T.A.; Gudasheva, T.A.; Garibova, T.L.; Molodavkin, G.M.; Litvinova, S.A.; Elizarova, E.A.; Poseva, V.I.
Fonte: A.I. Gordeyev Publicador: A.I. Gordeyev
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
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A large amount of clinical and experimental data suggest the involvement of neurotrophins, in particular the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), in depression pathogenesis. However, the therapeutic use of BDNF is limited because of its instability in biological fluids, poor blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, and the presence of side effects. A low-molecular-weight mimetic GSB-106, which is a substituted dimeric dipeptide bis(N-monosuccinyl-L-seryl-L-lysine)hexamethylenediamide, was designed and synthesized based on the BDNF fourth loop structure at the V.V. Zakusov Institute of Pharmacology (RAMS). GSB-106 was found to exhibit an antidepressant activity in various models of depressive-like state when administered intraperitoneally to outbred mice and rats. An effect for the substance, when administered daily for 4–5 days, was detected in the Porsolt forced swimming test (0.1 and 1.0 mg/kg) and in the tail suspension test in mice (1.0 and 1.5 mg/ kg). An effect for GSB-106 at doses of 0.1 and 0.5 mg/kg was observed after a single application in experiments on rats in the Nomura water wheel test. The obtained evidence supports the hypothesis on the involvement of BDNF in the pathogenesis of various depression conditions...

‣ The Cellular Behavior and SEM Evaluation of ProRoot and Root MTAs on Fibroblast L929

Moazami, Fariborz; Shahsiah, Samira
Fonte: Iranian Center for Endodontic Research Publicador: Iranian Center for Endodontic Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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INTRODUCTION: Mineral trioxide aggregate is being widely used for root end filling, pulp capping, perforation repair, and other endodontic procedures. Recently, a material similar to ProRoot mineral trioxide aggregate (PMTA) was developed in Iran named Root mineral trioxide aggregate (RMTA) with the claim of having the exact result of original MTA. The purpose of this study was to compare the amount of cell cytotoxicity of RMTA with PMTA at three different time periods using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) as well as the amount of cell viability at the above mentioned period.

‣ Experimental design of medium optimization for invertase production by Pichia sp.

Ghasemi, Younes; Mohkam, Milad; Ghasemian, Abdollah; Rasoul-Amini, Sara
Fonte: Springer India Publicador: Springer India
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The culture medium requirement for invertase production by Pichia sp. was optimized and identified by initial screening method of Plackett–Burman. Furthermore, optimum concentrations of medium components, which were selected by in initial screening by Plackett–Burman, were determined by the Box-Behnken and its representative three-factor response-surface method. The regression models showed significantly high R2 values of 97% for invertase activities, indicating that they are appropriate for predicting relationships between yeast extract, peptone and sucrose concentration with invertase production. According to the model the optimal concentrations of sucrose, yeast extract and peptone were 40, 5 and 4 g/ml, respectively. These predicted conditions were verified by validation experiments. In the optimized medium Pichia sp. produced invertase with activity of 38.71 U/ml, which is 4 times higher than that produced in original medium. Thus, this statistical approach enabled rapid identification and integration of key medium parameters for Pichia sp. BCCS M1, resulted the high invertase production.

‣ 293FT cells transduced with four transcription factors (OCT4, SOX2, NANOG, and LIN28) generate aberrant ES-like cells

Oka, Y; Nakajima, K; Nagao, K; Miura, K; Ishii, N; Kobayashi, H
Fonte: Journal of Stem cells and Regenerative medicine Publicador: Journal of Stem cells and Regenerative medicine
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/10/2010 Português
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The HEK 293 cell line (293 cells) was derived from human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells grown in tissue culture. 293 cells are very easy to grow and transfect and have been widely used in cell biological research for many years. 293 cells have many of the properties of immature neurons, suggesting that they represent a transformed neuronal cell present in the original kidney culture, and they are not useful as an in vitro model for kidney cell function. The 293T cell line contains the SV40 large T-antigen, which allows the episomal replication of transfected plasmids containing the SV40 origin of replication, and 293FT cells are a fast-growing variant. A recent report showed that introducing a set of transcription factors associated with pluripotency into human somatic cells can directly reprogr am them to produce induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. To date, however, iPS cells have not been generated from immortalized cells. We examined whether iPS cells could be generated from 293 FT cells transfected with four transcription factors (OCT4, SOX2, NANOG, and LIN28). The obtained cells morphologically resembled human ES cells, and showed a similar marker gene expression pattern. These cells had an impaired ability to differentiate, and formed immature ectodermal tumors after they were transplanted into nude mice. Thus...

‣ Dynamics of ASXL1 mutation and other associated genetic alterations during disease progression in patients with primary myelodysplastic syndrome

Chen, T-C; Hou, H-A; Chou, W-C; Tang, J-L; Kuo, Y-Y; Chen, C-Y; Tseng, M-H; Huang, C-F; Lai, Y-J; Chiang, Y-C; Lee, F-Y; Liu, M-C; Liu, C-W; Liu, C-Y; Yao, M; Huang, S-Y; Ko, B-S; Hsu, S-C; Wu, S-J; Tsay, W; Chen, Y-C; Tien, H-F
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Recently, mutations of the additional sex comb-like 1 (ASXL1) gene were identified in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), but the interaction of this mutation with other genetic alterations and its dynamic changes during disease progression remain to be determined. In this study, ASXL1 mutations were identified in 106 (22.7%) of the 466 patients with primary MDS based on the French-American-British (FAB) classification and 62 (17.1%) of the 362 patients based on the World Health Organization (WHO) classification. ASXL1 mutation was closely associated with trisomy 8 and mutations of RUNX1, EZH2, IDH, NRAS, JAK2, SETBP1 and SRSF2, but was negatively associated with SF3B1 mutation. Most ASXL1-mutated patients (85%) had concurrent other gene mutations at diagnosis. ASXL1 mutation was an independent poor prognostic factor for survival. Sequential studies showed that the original ASXL1 mutation remained unchanged at disease progression in all 32 ASXL1-mutated patients but were frequently accompanied with acquisition of mutations of other genes, including RUNX1, NRAS, KRAS, SF3B1, SETBP1 and chromosomal evolution. On the other side, among the 80 ASXL1-wild patients, only one acquired ASXL1 mutation at leukemia transformation. In conclusion...

‣ Comparison of Two brands of Methylphenidate (Stimdate® vs. Ritalin®) in Children and Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Double-Blind, Randomized Clinical Trial

Khodadust, Naser; Jalali, Amir-Hossein; Ahmadzad-Asl, Masoud; Khademolreza, Noushin; Shirazi, Elham
Fonte: Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences Publicador: Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
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Objective: To compare the effectiveness and safety of the methylphenidate produced in Iran (Stimdate®) with its original brand (Ritalin®) in children with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

‣ Novel Combination Markers for Predicting Survival in Patients with Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer: USP18 and DGCR2

Kim, Ye-Hwan; Kim, Won Tae; Jeong, Pildu; Ha, Yun-Sok; Kang, Ho Won; Yun, Seok Joong; Moon, Sung-Kwon; Choi, Yung Hyun; Kim, Isaac Yi; Kim, Wun-Jae
Fonte: The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences Publicador: The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We performed gene expression profiling in bladder cancer patients to identify cancer-specific survival-related genes in muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) patients. Sixty-two patients with MIBC were selected as the original cohort and another 118 MIBC patients were chosen as a validation cohort. The expression of USP18, DGCR2, and ZNF699 genes were measured and we analyzed the association between gene signatures and survival. USP18 and DGCR2, were significantly correlated to cancer-specific death (P=0.020, P=0.007, respectively). Cancer-specific survival in the low USP18 or DGCR2 expression group was significantly longer than the high expression group (P=0.018, P=0.006, respectively). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, a combination of USP18 and DGCR2 mRNA expression levels were significant risk factors for cancer-specific death (HR, 2.106; CI, 1.043-4.254, P=0.038). Overall survival and cancer-specific survival rates in the low-combination group were significantly longer than those in the high-expression group (P=0.001, both). In conclusion, decreased expressions of USP18 and DGCR2 were significantly associated with longer cancer-specific survival, and also the combination of two genes was correlated to a longer survival for MIBC patients. Thus...

‣ Three-dimensional quantification of facial symmetry in adolescents using laser surface scanning

Djordjevic, Jelena; Toma, Arshed M.; Zhurov, Alexei I.; Richmond, Stephen
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Laser scanning is a non-invasive method for three-dimensional assessment of facial morphology and symmetry. The aim of this study was to quantify facial symmetry in healthy adolescents and explore if there is any gender difference. Facial scans of 270 subjects, 123 males and 147 females (aged 15.3 ± 0.1 years, range 14.6–15.6), were randomly selected from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Facial scans were processed and analysed using in-house developed subroutines for commercial software. The surface matching between the original face and its mirror image was measured for the whole face, upper, middle, and lower facial thirds. In addition, 3 angular and 14 linear parameters were measured. The percentage of symmetry of the whole face was significantly lower in males (53.49 ± 10.73 per cent) than in females (58.50 ± 10.27 per cent; P < 0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in the amount of symmetry among facial thirds within each gender (P > 0.05). Average values of linear parameters were less than 1 mm and did not differ significantly between genders (P > 0.05). One angular parameter showed slight lip line asymmetry in both genders. Faces of male 15-year-old adolescents were less symmetric than those of females...

‣ Quantification of exocytosis kinetics by DIC image analysis of cortical lawns

Mooney, James; Thakur, Saumitra; Kahng, Peter; Trapani, Josef G.; Poccia, Dominic
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/09/2013 Português
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Cortical lawns prepared from sea urchin eggs have offered a robust in vitro system for study of regulated exocytosis and membrane fusion events since their introduction by Vacquier almost 40 years ago (Vacquier in Dev Biol 43:62–74, 1975). Lawns have been imaged by phase contrast, darkfield, differential interference contrast, and electron microscopy. Quantification of exocytosis kinetics has been achieved primarily by light scattering assays. We present simple differential interference contrast image analysis procedures for quantifying the kinetics and extent of exocytosis in cortical lawns using an open vessel that allows rapid solvent equilibration and modification. These preparations maintain the architecture of the original cortices, allow for cytological and immunocytochemical analyses, and permit quantification of variation within and between lawns. When combined, these methods can shed light on factors controlling the rate of secretion in a spatially relevant cellular context. We additionally provide a subroutine for IGOR Pro® that converts raw data from line scans of cortical lawns into kinetic profiles of exocytosis. Rapid image acquisition reveals spatial variations in time of initiation of individual granule fusion events with the plasma membrane not previously reported.

‣ Longitudinal study of murine microbiota activity and interactions with the host during acute inflammation and recovery

Schwab, Clarissa; Berry, David; Rauch, Isabella; Rennisch, Ina; Ramesmayer, Julia; Hainzl, Eva; Heider, Susanne; Decker, Thomas; Kenner, Lukas; Müller, Mathias; Strobl, Birgit; Wagner, Michael; Schleper, Christa; Loy, Alexander; Urich, Tim
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Although alterations in gut microbiota composition during acute colitis have been repeatedly observed, associated functional changes and the recovery from dysbiosis received little attention. In this study, we investigated structure and function of the gut microbiota during acute inflammation and recovery in a dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-colitis mouse model using metatranscriptomics, bacterial 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and monitoring of selected host markers. Parallel to an increase of host markers of inflammation during acute colitis, we observed relative abundance shifts and alterations in phylotype composition of the dominant bacterial orders Clostridiales and Bacteroidales, and an increase of the low abundant Enterobacteriales, Deferribacterales, Verrucomicrobiales and Erysipelotrichales. During recovery, the microbiota began to resume, but did not reach its original composition until the end of the experiment. Microbial gene expression was more resilient to disturbance, with pre-perturbation-type transcript profiles appearing quickly after acute colitis. The decrease of Clostridiales during inflammation correlated with a reduction of transcripts related to butyrate formation, suggesting a disturbance in host-microbe signalling and mucosal nutrient provision. The impact of acute inflammation on the Clostridiales was also characterized by a significant downregulation of their flagellin-encoding genes. In contrast...

‣ Sequencing Antibody Repertoires Provides Evidence for Original Antigenic Sin Shaping the Antibody Response to Influenza Vaccination

Tan, Yann-Chong; Scalfone, Lisa K.; Kongpachith, Sarah; Ju, Chia-Hsin; Cai, Xiaoyong; Lindstrom, Tamsin M.; Sokolove, Jeremy; Robinson, William H.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We used a DNA barcoding method to enable high-throughput sequencing of the cognate heavy- and light-chain pairs of expressed antibodies. We used this approach to elucidate the plasmablast antibody response to influenza vaccination. We show that >75% of the rationally selected plasmablast antibodies bind and neutralize influenza, and that antibodies from clonal families, defined by sharing both heavy chain VJ and light chain VJ sequence usage, do so most effectively. Vaccine-induced heavy chain VJ regions contained on average >20 nucleotide mutations as compared to their predicted germline gene sequences, and some vaccine-induced antibodies exhibited higher binding affinities for hemagglutinins derived from prior years’ seasonal influenza as compared to their affinities for the immunization strains. Our results show that influenza vaccination induces the recall of memory B cells that express antibodies that previously underwent affinity maturation against prior years’ seasonal influenza, suggesting that ‘original antigenic sin’ shapes the antibody response to influenza vaccination.

‣ Monoclonal antibody based immunodot for specific detection of proteins of the shrimp Penaeus species

Abhiman, P. B.; Shankar, K. M.; Patil, Rajreddy; Suresh Babu, P. P.; Sahoo, A. K.; Shamasundar, B. A.
Fonte: Springer India Publicador: Springer India
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Frozen shrimp continued to be the single largest item of export from India in terms of value accounting for about 44% of the total marine export earnings. Headless, peeled frozen shrimp is a common and dominant item in the market and there is need for differentiating peeled Penaeus sp from Metapenaeus, Parapenopsis and Macrobrachium sp as consumer preference and price vary. Furthermore, there is need to find out original species used in value addition of shrimp products. Hence, it is essential for development of simple and consumer friendly technique for the identification of shrimp and their products in the market. Two monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) C-15 (IgG3) and C-52 (IgG2a) reacting with 65 and 47 kD proteins of Penaeus monodon respectively in the Western blot were selected. In epitope analysis by immunodot, the two MAbs reacted and recognized specific proteins of P. monodon, Fenneropenaeus indicus and Littopenaeus vannamei and not that of Metapenaeus, Parapenopsis, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, crabs and fishes. The immunodot required 120 min for completion. The sensitivity of the immunodot to detect proteins of P. monodon was 0.225 mg with MAb C-15 and 0.028 mg with MAb C-52. The MAb based immunodot developed, could be used for identifying and differentiating meat of P. monodon...

‣ Use of Amplitude Modulation Cues Recovered from Frequency Modulation for Cochlear Implant Users When Original Speech Cues Are Severely Degraded

Won, Jong Ho; Shim, Hyun Joon; Lorenzi, Christian; Rubinstein, Jay T.
Fonte: Springer US Publicador: Springer US
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Won et al. (J Acoust Soc Am 132:1113–1119, 2012) reported that cochlear implant (CI) speech processors generate amplitude-modulation (AM) cues recovered from broadband speech frequency modulation (FM) and that CI users can use these cues for speech identification in quiet. The present study was designed to extend this finding for a wide range of listening conditions, where the original speech cues were severely degraded by manipulating either the acoustic signals or the speech processor. The manipulation of the acoustic signals included the presentation of background noise, simulation of reverberation, and amplitude compression. The manipulation of the speech processor included changing the input dynamic range and the number of channels. For each of these conditions, multiple levels of speech degradation were tested. Speech identification was measured for CI users and compared for stimuli having both AM and FM information (intact condition) or FM information only (FM condition). Each manipulation degraded speech identification performance for both intact and FM conditions. Performance for the intact and FM conditions became similar for stimuli having the most severe degradations. Identification performance generally overlapped for the intact and FM conditions. Moreover...

‣ Regionalized differentiation of CRH, TRH, and GHRH peptidergic neurons in the mouse hypothalamus

Morales-Delgado, Nicanor; Castro-Robles, Beatriz; Ferrán, José L.; Martinez-de-la-Torre, Margaret; Puelles, Luis; Díaz, Carmen
Fonte: Springer Berlin Heidelberg Publicador: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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According to the updated prosomeric model, the hypothalamus is subdivided rostrocaudally into terminal and peduncular parts, and dorsoventrally into alar, basal, and floor longitudinal zones. In this context, we examined the ontogeny of peptidergic cell populations expressing Crh, Trh, and Ghrh mRNAs in the mouse hypothalamus, comparing their distribution relative to the major progenitor domains characterized by molecular markers such as Otp, Sim1, Dlx5, Arx, Gsh1, and Nkx2.1. All three neuronal types originate mainly in the peduncular paraventricular domain and less importantly at the terminal paraventricular domain; both are characteristic alar Otp/Sim1-positive areas. Trh and Ghrh cells appeared specifically at the ventral subdomain of the cited areas after E10.5. Additional Ghrh cells emerged separately at the tuberal arcuate area, characterized by Nkx2.1 expression. Crh-positive cells emerged instead in the central part of the peduncular paraventricular domain at E13.5 and remained there. In contrast, as development progresses (E13.5–E18.5) many alar Ghrh and Trh cells translocate into the alar subparaventricular area, and often also into underlying basal neighborhoods expressing Nkx2.1 and/or Dlx5, such as the tuberal and retrotuberal areas...

‣ A Clinical Frailty Index in Aging Mice: Comparisons With Frailty Index Data in Humans

Whitehead, Jocelyne C.; Hildebrand, Barbara A.; Sun, Michael; Rockwood, Michael R.; Rose, Robert A.; Rockwood, Kenneth; Howlett, Susan E.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We previously quantified frailty in aged mice with frailty index (FI) that used specialized equipment to measure health parameters. Here we developed a simplified, noninvasive method to quantify frailty through clinical assessment of C57BL/6J mice (5–28 months) and compared the relationship between FI scores and age in mice and humans. FIs calculated with the original performance-based eight-item FI increased from 0.06±0.01 at 5 months to 0.36±0.06 at 19 months and 0.38±0.04 at 28 months (n = 14). By contrast, the increase was graded with a 31-item clinical FI (0.02±0.005 at 5 months; 0.12±0.008 at 19 months; 0.33±0.02 at 28 months; n = 14). FI scores calculated from 70 self-report items from the first wave of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe were plotted as function of age (n = 30,025 people). The exponential relationship between FI scores and age (normalized to 90% mortality) was similar in mice and humans for the clinical FI but not the eight-item FI. This noninvasive FI based on clinical measures can be used in longitudinal studies to quantify frailty in mice. Unlike the performance-based eight-item mouse FI, the clinical FI exhibits key features of the FI established for use in humans.

‣ The eGenVar data management system—cataloguing and sharing sensitive data and metadata for the life sciences

Razick, Sabry; Močnik, Rok; Thomas, Laurent F.; Ryeng, Einar; Drabløs, Finn; Sætrom, Pål
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 28/03/2014 Português
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Systematic data management and controlled data sharing aim at increasing reproducibility, reducing redundancy in work, and providing a way to efficiently locate complementing or contradicting information. One method of achieving this is collecting data in a central repository or in a location that is part of a federated system and providing interfaces to the data. However, certain data, such as data from biobanks or clinical studies, may, for legal and privacy reasons, often not be stored in public repositories. Instead, we describe a metadata cataloguing system and a software suite for reporting the presence of data from the life sciences domain. The system stores three types of metadata: file information, file provenance and data lineage, and content descriptions. Our software suite includes both graphical and command line interfaces that allow users to report and tag files with these different metadata types. Importantly, the files remain in their original locations with their existing access-control mechanisms in place, while our system provides descriptions of their contents and relationships. Our system and software suite thereby provide a common framework for cataloguing and sharing both public and private data.

‣ HeteroGenome: database of genome periodicity

Chaley, Maria; Kutyrkin, Vladimir; Tulbasheva, Gayane; Teplukhina, Elena; Nazipova, Nafisa
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/05/2014 Português
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We present the first release of the HeteroGenome database collecting latent periodicity regions in genomes. Tandem repeats and highly divergent tandem repeats along with the regions of a new type of periodicity, known as profile periodicity, have been collected for the genomes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Arabidopsis thaliana, Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster. We obtained data with the aid of a spectral-statistical approach to search for reliable latent periodicity regions (with periods up to 2000 bp) in DNA sequences. The original two-level mode of data presentation (a broad view of the region of latent periodicity and a second level indicating conservative fragments of its structure) was further developed to enable us to obtain the estimate, without redundancy, that latent periodicity regions make up ∼10% of the analyzed genomes. Analysis of the quantitative and qualitative content of located periodicity regions on all chromosomes of the analyzed organisms revealed dominant characteristic types of periodicity in the genomes. The pattern of density distribution of latent periodicity regions on chromosome unambiguously characterizes each chromosome in genome.

‣ Clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of primary gastrointestinal lymphoma: a 22-year experience from South China

Li, Minrui; Zhang, Shenghong; Gu, Fang; Xiao, Weiwei; Yao, Jiayan; Chao, Kang; Chen, Minhu; Li, Juan; Zhong, Bihui
Fonte: e-Century Publishing Corporation Publicador: e-Century Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/04/2014 Português
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Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma (PGIL) is a kind of relatively rare cancer and easily misdiagnosed due to its unspecific signs in digestive tract. Data including 216 patients histologically diagnosed as PGIL between January 1991 and October 2012 from The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were reviewed. This study was to investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis, and make the comparison between the different sites of PGIL. Abdominal pain (75.9%) was the most frequent symptom and intermediate-grade lymphoma (53.7%) presented as the most common histological type. Intestine (55.1%) was the most common site involved, followed by stomach (38.5%), both intestine and stomach (6.4%). PGIL of different original site showed distinguished clinicopathological characteristics that patients in Stomach and GI group were older than Intestine group (Mean age: 54 and 53 vs. 43 years, p<0.001); diarrhea, B symptom, abdominal mass and complication occurred more in intestine group. Histologically, high-grade lymphoma (especially T-cell type) almost located in Intestine group (82.5%). Five-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) for all PGIL patients were 56.4% and 49.3%, respectively. Stomach group had better OS (72.3%) and EFS (48.4%) than Intestine group (43.1% and 23.6% respectively)...