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‣ Rectal cancer: a review

Fazeli, Mohammad Sadegh; Keramati, Mohammad Reza
Fonte: Iran University of Medical Sciences Publicador: Iran University of Medical Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/01/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
Rectal cancer is the second most common cancer in large intestine. The prevalence and the number of young patients diagnosed with rectal cancer have made it as one of the major health problems in the world. With regard to the improved access to and use of modern screening tools, a number of new cases are diagnosed each year. Considering the location of the rectum and its adjacent organs, management and treatment of rectal tumor is different from tumors located in other parts of the gastrointestinal tract or even the colon. In this article, we will review the current updates on rectal cancer including epidemiology, risk factors, clinical presentations, screening, and staging. Diagnostic methods and latest treatment modalities and approaches will also be discussed in detail.