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‣ A qualidade de vida no trabalho na fronteira entre autogestão e heterogestão: um estudo de caso qualitativo na cooperativa Cotravic; Quality of life at work boundaries between self and herero management: study of a qualitative case at Contravic cooperative

Baptista, Luciene Lopes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/01/2013 Português
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O fenômeno da economia solidária no Brasil tem se expandido como resposta ao desemprego e a exclusão social. É constituído por empreendimentos econômicos solidários cujo propósito é a geração de trabalho e renda para aqueles trabalhadores que, num dado momento, ficaram alijados do mercado formal de trabalho, como na situação de massas falidas de empresas privadas. Neste contexto a cooperativa é tida como a forma típica de empreendimento econômico solidário, alicerçada em pressupostos de igualdade de participação na gestão e na posse coletiva dos meios de produção aos seus associados, pela via de práticas de autogestão. Contudo a literatura da economia solidária admite que esta modalidade de gestão não se constitua na única forma de gestão presente no interior das cooperativas, ou seja, nestas ocorrem também práticas heterogestionárias oriundas da sociedade de mercado regida sob as bases do capitalismo. A coexistência destes padrões, a princípio, antagônicos de gestão implica em práticas paradoxais, que por sua vez, se refletem na qualidade de vida no trabalho dos cooperados. Deste modo, esta tese objetivou compreender como o paradoxo entre autogestão e heterogestão se reflete na qualidade de vida no trabalho percebida pelos cooperados de uma cooperativa oriunda de massa falida. Para tal...

‣ Liderança e gestão em TI: uma análise do desempenho de gestores de TI baseada em competências críticas de gestão.; IT management and leadership: an analysis of the IT managers performance based on critical management competencies.

Silva, Eduardo Margara da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/03/2013 Português
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A fronteira entre as áreas de negócios e as de tecnologia de informação (TI) vai deixando de existir e isso exige competências de gestão, baseadas em novos conhecimentos, habilidades e atitudes de liderança, que extrapolam as questões técnicas. A literatura disponível discute quais são as competências críticas de forma isolada, não as relaciona com a competitividade das empresas e não analisa o desempenho dos gestores em cada uma das competências consideradas críticas. Com o objetivo de compreender quais são as competências críticas de gestão em TI e qual é o desempenho dos gestores nessas competências, foi efetuada, neste estudo, uma revisão da teoria, a fim de elaborar um modelo de avaliação de desempenho e avaliar 149 gestores de TI. Essa avaliação foi baseada em 22 competências de gestão, organizadas em cinco áreas: gestão da estratégia de TI, gestão da inovação e tecnologia, gestão do valor da TI, gestão das equipes de TI e gestão do desempenho da TI. Na análise dos dados foram testadas dez hipóteses de pesquisa sobre as prioridades e o desempenho dos gestores de TI para poder analisar se há variação em função de fatores externos ligados ao negócio (orientação competitiva, segmento de mercado e porte do negócio) e de fatores internos (processos e funções exercidas em TI). Com base nos resultados...

‣ A gestão do Centro Educacional Unificado (CEU) da cidade de São Paulo; Management of the city of São Paulo's Unified Educational Center (CEU)

Sanches, Ydeliz Coelho de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/06/2014 Português
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O Centro Educacional Unificado (CEU) integra a Secretaria Municipal de Educação da cidade de São Paulo. É constituído por um Centro de Educação Infantil, uma Escola Municipal de Educação Infantil, uma Escola Municipal de Ensino Fundamental, um teatro, uma biblioteca, um telecentro, além de espaços esportivos e artísticos. O trabalho desenvolvido é organizado a partir de três núcleos: o Núcleo de Esporte e Lazer, o Núcleo de Ação Cultural e o Núcleo de Ação Educacional, responsáveis também pelos espaços e equipamentos correspondentes à sua área de atuação. O projeto foi criado no governo de Marta Suplicy (Partido dos Trabalhadores 2001-2004) e mantido pelas administrações de José Serra (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira 2005-2006) e Gilberto Kassab (Democratas / Partido Social Democrático 2006- 2012). O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar se a gestão do CEU, composta pelo Conselho Gestor e pelo Colegiado de Integração, poderia ser considerada democrática e comprometida com uma proposta educacional que favorecesse as classes populares. De acordo com a legislação vigente, o Conselho Gestor (formado pelo gestor, diretores de escola, representantes da comunidade e dos equipamentos sociais do entorno)...

‣ Estágios evolutivos em gestão da inovação sustentável: estudo longitudinal multicasos em empresas industriais; Sustainable innovation management evolutionary stages: longitudinal multi-case study in industrial companies

Delai, Ivete
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/11/2014 Português
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Os desafios do desenvolvimento sustentável apresentam inúmeras oportunidades e ameaças às organizações. Nesta realidade, inovar passa a ser ainda mais imprescindível para a competitividade organizacional, mas não a inovação tradicional, um novo tipo que integre as questões da sustentabilidade - a inovação sustentável. Compreender as competências relacionadas à sua gestão e sua forma de desenvolvimento é fundamental para o sucesso. Apesar dessa importância, verificou-se a inexistência de pesquisas com foco sistêmico considerando a evolução de todas as competências da gestão da inovação bem como o seu relacionamento com a evolução das gestões da inovação e da sustentabilidade. Neste contexto, esta pesquisa descritiva exploratória propõe um modelo de estágios evolutivos em gestão da inovação sustentável e suas características e competências específicas. Para tanto, realizou-se três estudos de caso longitudinal em empresas industriais multinacionais líderes em sustentabilidade e inovação, analisando-se a situação atual e evolução individual dos seus sistemas de gestão da inovação, da sustentabilidade e da inovação sustentável. Como resultado, propõe-se um padrão evolutivo da gestão da inovação sustentável de três estágios - reativo...

‣ Qual é o ganho social na gestão por competências? A percepção dos funcionários de uma universidade pública brasileira; What is the social gain in management skills? The perception of employees of a Brazilian public university

Rocha, Guilherme Busch
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/07/2015 Português
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As organizações públicas têm sentido a necessidade de melhorar a qualidade de seus serviços e processos em função da crescente demanda da sociedade. Ao mesmo tempo, o modelo de gestão pública brasileira passa atualmente por um período de transformações em direção à práticas mais democráticas. Nesse contexto, as práticas de gestão de pessoas ganham importância e apresentam-se como fator chave para aumentar a flexibilidade e modernidade às instituições públicas. Após a reforma gerencial de 1995, seguindo os princípios do management, diversas organizações públicas optaram por adotar sistemas de gestão de pessoas baseados no conceito de competência. Assim, tendo em vista o grande potencial da utilização estratégica de recursos humanos na modernização das instituições públicas, reforçando-se os princípios de empowerment e participação da Gestão Democrática, esta dissertação investiga os fatores que influenciam a percepção de ganho social dos funcionários de uma organização que adotou o modelo de gestão de pessoas por competências. É um trabalho quantitativo com metodologia de levantamento (survey). A amostra é composta de 422 funcionários de uma universidade pública brasileira que implantou o modelo por competências em 2011 e já realizou duas movimentações de carreira (com impacto salarial). O questionário disponibilizado em ambiente virtual utilizou as dimensões desenvolvidas por Sarsur (2007). Foram analisadas por meio de técnicas estatísticas não paramétricas as relações entre ações de educação corporativa...

‣ An entity access control model for network services management

Dias, Bruno
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2005 Português
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The Network Services Management Framework tries to overcome the most important limitations of present network management frameworks, namely the most widely supported framework – the Internet Network Management Framework – by defining a management framework using a network services management distributed architecture that provides services management functions with any desired level of functionality. This document introduces one of the most important parts of this framework, the Entity Access Control Model and the mechanisms needed to its deployment: management entities and management domains, entity access and resources control management, and security mechanisms (authentication, data integrity verification, confidentiality and non-repudiation assurances). This model, although originally developed to be integrated on the Network Services Management Framework, can be completely integrated or partially adopted by other frameworks since it supports a wide range of conceptual and functional requisites recognised to be fundamental to the future of modern distributed network management frameworks.

‣ iDRM - Interoperability Mechanisms for Open Rights Management Platforms

Serrão, Carlos
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 14/01/2009 Português
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Today’s technology is raising important challenges in the Intellectual Property (IP) field in general and to Copyright in particular [Arkenbout et al., 2004]. The same technology that has made possible the access to content in a ubiquitous manner, available to everyone in a simple and fast way, is also the main responsible for the challenges affecting the digital content IP of our days [Chiariglione, 2000]. Technological solutions and legal frameworks were created to meet these new challenges. From the technological point of view, Rights Management Systems (RMS) and Copy Protection Systems (CPS) have been developed and deployed to try to cope with them. At first, they seemed to work however, their closed and non-interoperable nature and a growing number of wrong strategic business decisions, soon lead to a strong opposition. One of the strongest negative points is the lack of rights management interoperability [Geer, 2004]. The work presented on this thesis primarily addresses the RMS interoperability problems. The objective of the thesis is to present some possible mechanisms to improve the interoperability between the different existing and emerging rights management platforms [Guth, 2003a]. Several different possible directions to rights management interoperability are pointed in this thesis. One of the most important is openness. Interoperability between different rights management mechanisms can only be achieved if they are open up to a certain level. Based on this concept...

‣ The symptomatic management of multiple sclerosis

Schapiro, Randall T.
Fonte: Medknow Publications Publicador: Medknow Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
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The management of multiple sclerosis (MS) revolves around disease management, symptom management, and person management. Of these, symptom management takes up the bulk of the time of the practicing physician. Some symptoms are easily managed whereas others are more difficult. Decisions have often to be made on whether to treat or to wait and watch. This article discusses the varied symptoms of MS and the approaches to management, which involves rehabilitation, pharmacological treatments, and surgical procedures. The skilled physician managing MS should be familiar with the multiple approaches to improving the quality of life of those with MS. After the diagnosis has been established and the decisions regarding treatment approaches have been made, the talk in a typical office appointment for MS usually turns to symptom management. Thus, the majority of management decisions made by the clinician revolve around that important topic. It is symptom management that will determine quality of life for those with MS, It is the basis for improving function, and, up until twenty years ago, it was the only basis for treating MS. Now, however, we can approach treatment by disease management, symptom management, and person management. The MS specialist must be well versed in all three areas.

‣ Analyzing Banking Risk : A Framework for Assessing Corporate Governance and Risk Management, Third Edition

Van Greuning, Hennie; Brajovic Bratanovic, Sonja
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Português
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This publication aims to complement existing methodologies by establishing a comprehensive framework for the assessment of banks, not only by using financial data, but also by considering corporate governance. It argues that each of the key players in the corporate governance process (such as shareholders, directors, executive managers, and internal and external auditors) is responsible for some component of financial and operational risk management. Following a holistic overview of bank analysis in chapter two, the importance of banking supervision in the context of corporate governance is discussed in chapter three. This chapter also considers the partnership approach and the emerging framework for corporate governance and risk management, as well as the identification and allocation of tasks as part of the risk management process. The framework for risk management is further discussed in chapters four through eleven.

‣ Sustainable Land Management Sourcebook

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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This sourcebook is intended to be a ready reference for practitioners (including World Bank stakeholders, clients in borrowing countries, and World Bank project leaders) seeking state-of-the-art information about good land management approaches, innovations for investments, and close monitoring for potential scaling up. This sourcebook is divided into three parts: the first part identifies the need and scope for sustainable land management (SLM) and food production in relation to cross-sector issues such as freshwater and forest resources, regional climate and air quality, and interactions with existing and emerging infectious diseases. It introduces the concept of production landscapes and analysis of trade-offs and establishes a framework for linking indicators that provide a measure of the outcomes of SLM. It then categorizes the diversity of land management (that is, farming) systems globally and the strategies for improving household livelihoods in each type of system. For the farming system types...

‣ Syrian Arab Republic : Modernization of Public Financial Management

Radev, Dimitar; Fouad, Manal; Gardner, John; Messali, Pierre; Petrie, Murray; Webber, David
Fonte: International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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The authorities have made good recent progress in important public financial management (PFM) areas. They have strengthened the overall regulatory framework of the budget process by adopting a new basic finance law, and further deepened budget integration by transferring the responsibilities for the capital budget from the State Planning Commission (SPC) to the Ministry of Finance (MoF). They have also improved the budget presentation by providing information to parliament for selected ministries on the base of a simple program structure.The main purpose of this report is to assist the authorities in advancing their reform agenda for modernization of the PFM system. To this end, the report: Develops an action plan for PFM reform. The plan sets out specific activities in a selection of reform areas identified as priorities in discussion with the Minister of Finance, as well as the suggested timing and possible requirement of technicalassistance (TA); and elaborates, in detail, actions that need to be undertaken in four broad PFM areas as identified in the plan: (i) medium-term orientation of the budget; (ii) budget integration reforms; (iii) budgetary treatment of public economic entities; and (iv) treasury reforms. Key recommendations of the report include:Prepare a three-year fiscal forecast and link fiscal projections to an approved debtsustainability and fiscal strategy framework; present as part of the budget documentation information on the revenues and expenditures of the public economic entities; and progressively strengthen governance of the sector; gradually extend the use of programs for presentation purposes in the budget by adding up to five to six new ministries in 2010...

‣ Capacity Constraints and Public Financial Management in Small Pacific Island Countries

Haque, Tobias A.; Knight, David S.; Jayasuriya, Dinuk S.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Drawing on Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability assessment scores from 118 countries, this paper provides the first comparative analysis of public financial management performance in small Pacific Island Countries (PICs). It applies a Tobit regression model across the full cross-country sample of Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability scores and country variables to identify potential causes for the observed underperformance of Pacific Island countries relative to other countries of similar income. First, the analysis finds small population size to be negatively correlated with Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability scores, with the "population penalty" faced by small Pacific Island countries sufficient to explain observed underperformance. Second, through application of a new capacity index of Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability dimensions, it finds strong evidence in support of the hypothesis that small population size impacts scores through the imposition of capacity constraints: with a limited pool of human capital...

‣ Achieving Accountability Through Decentralization: Lessons for Integrated River Basin Management

Mody, Jyothsna
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Português
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While decentralization holds out the promise of increased flexibility and efficiency, the preconditions for realizing it are daunting. To draw lessons for productive decentralization in integrated river basin management, this paper surveys the decentralization experience in education, health care, roads, irrigation, and public infrastructure services. Case studies reveal that the prime focus in the design of a decentralized structure must be accountability, based on principles of subsidiarity, transparency, and allocation of property rights. While some debates are sector-specific, others, such as the need for political and financial accountability, the related data requirements, educating stakeholders and potential beneficiaries of the new system, and ensuring effective participation are true of decentralization wherever it is to unfold. In turn, initial conditions and the adaptation of political leadership to suit the historical context determine the success of decentralization. Four issues demand high priority in integrated river basin management. These are (1) overcoming financial inadequacy at the local level; (2) commitment to upgrading skills...

‣ Institutional Arrangements for Public Debt Management

Currie, Elizabeth; Dethier, Jean-Jacques; Togo, Eriko
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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This paper analyzes institutional arrangements for public debt management by reviewing the experience of OECD countries during the late 1980s and 1990s. It discusses principal-agent issues arising from the delegation of authority from the Minister of Finance to the debt management office and describes how countries have designed governance structures and control and monitoring mechanisms to deal with these issues. The paper also discusses what lessons emerging market countries and transition countries can draw from the experience of advanced OECD countries. The OECD experience clearly indicates that-regardless of whether the debt management office is located inside or outside the Ministry of Finance-four issues are of vital importance: 1) Giving priority to strategic public policy objectives rather than tactical trading objectives. 2) Strengthening the institutional capacity to deal with financial portfolio management and with the public policy aspects of debt management. 3) Modernizing debt management. 4) Creating mechanisms to ensure successful delegation and accountability to the Ministry of Finance and Parliament.

‣ In Favor of Hospitality-Management Education

Tews, Michael J.; Van Hoof, Hubert B.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Despite the almost one-hundred-year history of hospitality-management education; the hundreds of well-established two-year, four-year, and graduate programs worldwide; and the hundreds of thousands of graduates those programs have prepared for careers in the industry, hospitality-management education’s merit and place in higher education are still questioned at times, to the dismay of hospitality educators the world over. This article delineates several features of hospitality management that make these programs valuable and unique and provides compelling arguments in its favor. The arguments include: 1) courses tailored to the hospitality industry, the world’s largest industry; 2) focus on small-business management as well as corporate enterprises; 3) emphasis on services and service management, not manufacturing; 4) programs and coursework focused on people management, which it at the core of the hospitality businesses; 5) unique focus on the specific issues of food and beverage management, the largest component of the hospitality industry; and 6) transferability of graduates’ knowledge and skill sets, which are in high demand among other service industries. While business programs focus on the fundamentals of management and production...

‣ Integrated river basin management for the Ganges: lessons from the Murray-Darling and Mekong River Basins (a Bangladesh perspective).

Shahjahan, Mosharefa
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008 Português
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This thesis examines the applicability of the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB) model of Integrated River Basin Management to the Ganges Basin by utilising the lessons from the Mekong experience of adopting the MDB model. The Ganges is one of the major rivers in the world and the sharing of its water has long been an issue of dispute between the riparian countries. Fragmented and uncoordinated upstream management of the Ganges has caused serious ecological and economic loss in the downstream environment posing a threat to future sustainability of river resources. Cooperation among the riparian countries of the Ganges in order to embrace an integrated and basin-wide management approach is rapidly becoming more important. Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM) is a concept widely advocated in different forums for managing the river basins of the world and is adopted in many transboundary river basins. The Australian example of managing the Murray-Darling Basin is considered as a model in the field. The Murray-Darling Basin Commission is well known internationally as a good example of a multi-jurisdictional water management institution. Similar river basin institutions are also evolving in other regions such as the Mekong River Commission for the management of the Mekong River in South-East Asia. The countries sharing the Ganges could learn lessons from the Murray-Darling and Mekong experiences and adopt a basin-wide approach for the better management of the Ganges. However...

‣ Services Supply Chain in the Department of Defense: Comparison and Analysis of Acquisition Management in the Army, Navy, and Air Force

Apte, Aruna; Uday M. Apte; Rendon, Rene G.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Português
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Proceedings Paper (for Acquisition Research Program); This paper presents the results of our empirical studies of current management practices in services acquisition in the Army, Navy, and Air Force. The primary objective of these studies was to develop a comprehensive understanding of how services acquisition is being managed within, as well as across, individual military services. In these empirical studies, we developed and deployed a Web-based survey to collect primary data. Specifically, we studied the current management practices in such areas as contract characteristics, and acquisition management methods including regional- or installation-level acquisition, use of project management approach, acquisition leadership and ownership of requirements. We also studied other program management issues such as scope and ability of personnel responsible for acquisition, adequacy of acquisition billets and their fill rates, and training provided to services acquisition personnel. We found that for the most part the services contracts awarded and administered conformed to our expectation. For example, most service contracts are competitively bid, fixed-priced awards with a minimal use of any type of contract incentives. The survey data also confirmed that the Navy uses regional approach in services acquisition...

‣ A comparative analysis of graduate management education

Lathroum, John A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xiv, 243 p.;28 cm.
Português
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis analyzes the top ten Master's of Business Administration (MBA) programs and top ten Public Management programs in the United States and has established a definition of quality in graduate management education in terms of programs offered, students selected and faculty. The top ten MBA and Public Management programs were then compared to the Master of Science (MS) in Management offered at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS). With these comparative data, basic similarities and differences are identified between NPS and the selected programs. The structure of the MS in Management at NPS is similar to the MBA and Public Management curricula by requiring an extensive mission-related project (thesis), prior professional work experience and learning through a team based orientation. Keeping with its mission, the Department of Systems Management offers curricula that span programs from both MBA and Public Management. Because of this broader scope, the average length for the MS in Management at NPS is about two months longer than the average MBA and Public Management program. Additionally, the average total courses taken are the same as the average MBA program but six more than the average Public Management program. Students at NPS are selected based on academic and leadership ability instead of GMAT and GRE scores used at the selected schools. Finally...

‣ Niger : Towards Water Resource Management

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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The study reviews Niger's water resources, and planning process, through its short- and medium-term water investment program, and priorities in the water supply, and sanitation sector. Critical challenges are examined for improving its complex water resources management to support economic growth, given its landlocked situation, with diffuse, and mostly rural population, and immense, untapped fossil aquifer supplies. Despite multiple surface water basins, very little precipitation occur, thus the government has recently undertaken a ten-year process of preparing a water resource management investment strategy, one that requires financial resources currently unavailable. Information and data management, institutional arrangements, and the legal, and regulatory framework is analyzed to achieve a feasible master plan, and strengthen implications for the water sub-sectors. Recommendations suggest the development of financing mechanisms, consistent with sustainable management of water resources, in line with strengthening water data collection...

‣ Forestry Administration of Cambodia : The Forest Concession Management and Control Pilot Project

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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The Forest Concession Management and Control Pilot Project (FCMCPP) overall objective was developed in the early 2000s and aims at 'testing and demonstrating, through implementation, a comprehensive set of forest planning and management guidelines and control procedures and establishing an effective forest management compliance monitoring and enforcement capability'. According to the planning handbook a separate and specific document was supposed to be prepared with regard to the social issues of the forest concession planning process in order to complete the planning process. The purpose of this document is clearly for the benefit and use of forestry administration agents, concessionaires' staff, local communities and all other stakeholders who will be involved in any kind of forest management planning process in Cambodia. It is hoped that this manual will help to improve the relationship between all the forest stakeholders, and consequently help to decrease conflicts and forest destruction and to strengthen a sustainable management of the Cambodian forests.