Although the sacrococcygeal area is the most common site for a teratoma in infants, it is a rare site for a teratoma in older patients. Most of the teratomas found in this area in adults are single mass, but in a few cases, multiple masses have been reported. The author reports on the case of an 18-year-old female patient with 3 presacral teratomas. The tumors were surgically removed via a transabdominal approach and were pathologically diagnosed as mature cystic teratomas. This case report indicates that an adult presacral teratoma can appear as multiple tumors, although it is very unusual.
Objective. Conjoined twin is a rarely seen congenital anomaly together with severe mortality and morbidity. The more common types of conjoined twins include the thoracopagus type, where the fusion is anterior, at the chest, and involves the heart. We are reporting one case of conjoined thoracopagus twins diagnosed by ultrasonography at 11 weeks. Case Report. In a multigravid pregnant woman who has been admitted to our clinic with a diagnosis of conjoined twins, thoracopagus, by ultrasonography at an 11-week gestation, termination of the pregnancy was performed. Conclusion. Making an early diagnosis with ultrasonographic examination gives the parents a chance to elect pregnancy termination.
Intraocular choroidal metastasis is a very rare cause of blindness. Choroidal hemangioma and melanoma are other causes that may mimic the condition. Carcinoma of breast is the most common primary malignancy that accounts for choroidal metastasis in females and carcinoma of lung is the most common cause in males. Other primary neoplasms which can uncommonly metastasize to the choroid are testis, gastrointestinal tract, kidney, thyroid, pancreas, and prostate. Metastatic neoplasm to the eye outnumbers the primary tumors such as retinoblastomas and malignant melanoma. Sonography is usually the initial investigation after fundus examination to look for the architecture of the lesion. However, it lacks in specificity. We present a case of carcinoma of breast that had visual disturbances and wholebody F18-fluorodeoxyglucose, positron emission tomography-computerized tomography (FDG PET CT) revealed a choroidal lesion in addition to cerebral, pulmonary, and skeletal metastases. Choroidal metastasis from carcinoma of lung has been reported previously on FDG PET. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of carcinoma of breast demonstrating choroid metastasis on F18-FDG PET CT scan.
Intramedullary spinal cord abscess (ISCA) without meningitis is an extremely rare entity in the central nervous system, and it is often difficult to diagnose immediately, and no definitive imaging findings have been established. We experienced the case of a 61-year-old male who presented with a sudden onset back pain without fever following rapidly worsening paraparesis for 3 days, who subsequently become unable to walk. According to the initial MRI and 3D-CTA, the presumptive diagnosis was spinal infarction due to spinal artery embolism. However, his symptoms did not improve, despite the gradual changes in MRI following antiplatelet therapy. He underwent a biopsy in an attempt to prevent the lesion from progressing toward the upper spinal cord. The pathological examination revealed an intramedullary abscess, so we performed a midline myelotomy and drained the pus from the abscess. After surgery, MRI showed improvement, but the patient’s paraplegia persisted. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of spinal cord abscess with the confirmation of spinal artery occlusion on angiography, which could have been caused by a bacterial embolism. We herein discuss its possible etiology and also review recent reports on ISCA.
Patients are frequently referred to physical therapy with the diagnosis of shoulder and arm pain. During examination and evaluation of the patient, the physical therapist must consider all potential causes of the patient’s symptoms. Three questions are used as the conceptual basis for a diagnosis-based clinical decision rule in the management of mechanical and non-mechanical musculoskeletal pain when addressing the differential diagnosis of a patient’s condition. This single patient case report describes the use of these three questions in the differential diagnosis of shoulder and arm pain. A 44-year-old male was referred with a diagnosis of shoulder impingement syndrome. Each of the three questions for differential diagnosis was addressed, and clinical tests and examination findings were used to differentiate the origin of the patient’s symptoms. The intervention provided is outlined along with the patient’s response to the different treatment strategies provided. This case identifies the need for a systematic method of differential diagnosis so that patients are appropriately managed.
Poland Syndrome is a congenital disorder characterised by hypoplasia of the pectoral muscles along with upper extremity deformities. We encountered a patient with Poland syndrome associated with dextrocardia and also failed pectus excavatum repairs who presented to us with symptomatic ischaemic heart disease requiring intervention. He underwent successful off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCABG). As far as we are aware, this is the first case report of OPCABG in a case of Poland syndrome with dextrocardia. We describe here the management of this complex patient and wish to emphasise that the off-pump option is feasible in dextrocardia with some technical modifications.
Background. Alpha II antiplasmin is a protein involved in the inhibition of fibrinolysis. A deficiency in this protein leads to increased hemorrhage. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion. Case. 30-year-old Gravida 1, Para 0, presented for prenatal care with her first and subsequently her second pregnancy. Her medical history was significant for a known deficiency in alpha II antiplasmin. Her first and second pregnancies were complicated by nonobstetrical hemorrhage requiring transfusions and severe preeclampsia requiring preterm deliveries.
Conclusion. Alpha II antiplasmin deficiency resulted in multiple episodes of nonobstetrical hemorrhages requiring transfusion and ultimately preterm deliveries due to severe preeclampsia.
Both infants and mother had a good outcome. The presence of this disorder may require a multidisciplinary team approach involving obstetricians, pediatricians, and hematologists. Precis. Alpha II antiplasmin deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder leading to increased fibrinolysis and hemorrhage. We present a case report of a pregnancy complicated by this disorder.
A rare case of abdominal trauma, a handlebar hernia, is described, as well as a review of the pertinent literature. A 7-year-old boy presented to our emergency room after sustaining blunt force to the abdomen; he fell on the handlebar of his bicycle. Immediately after the accident, a bulge was noticeable at the point of impact. Handlebar hernia is a diagnosis that is easily missed, which can lead to strangulation and incarceration of the bowel. With this case report, we hope to augment the knowledge on traumatic abdominal wall hernia, hopefully leading to early diagnosis and treatment.
Giant cell rich osteosarcomas, histological variant of conventional osteosarcomas account for 3% of all cases of osteosarcomas and most of them are arise from the appendicular skeleton. Giant cell rich osteosarcomas have been rarely reported in the head and neck region. This is the first case report of giant cell rich variant of osteosarcoma in the maxilla. It is important to recognize this variant, as its prognosis is worse as compared to conventional osteosarcomas of the head and neck region. We here present a case of giant cell rich variant of osteosarcoma of the maxilla and along with its characteristic radiological and histopathological picture.
Branco, Luis M; Boisen, Matt L; Andersen, Kristian G; Grove, Jessica N; Moses, Lina M; Muncy, Ivana J; Henderson, Lee A; Schieffellin, John S; Robinson, James E; Bangura, James J; Grant, Donald S; Raabe, Vanessa N; Fonnie, Mbalu; Sabeti, Pardis C; Garry,
Lassa fever (LF) is a devastating viral disease prevalent in West Africa. Efforts to take on this public health crisis have been hindered by lack of infrastructure and rapid field deployable diagnosis in areas where the disease is prevalent. Recent capacity building at the Kenema Government Hospital Lassa Fever Ward (KGH LFW) in Sierra Leone has lead to a major turning point in the diagnosis, treatment and study of LF. Herein we present the first comprehensive rapid diagnosis and real time characterization of an acute hemorrhagic LF case at KGH LFW. This case report focuses on a third trimester pregnant Sierra Leonean woman from the historically non-endemic Northern district of Tonkolili who survived the illness despite fetal demise.
The aim of this case report was to present a case of multiple idiopathic apical root resorption which is a rare condition in a 17-year-old adult male. External root resorption of the permanent teeth is a multifactorial process. Well-recognized causes of apical root resorption in permanent teeth include orthodontic therapy, trauma, periapical or periodontal inflammation, tumors, cysts, occlusal stress, impacted teeth, systemic conditions, endocrine imbalances and dietary habits. When none of these causes are present, it is termed idiopathic root resorption which may be either cervical or apical. Multiple idiopathic apical root resorption is a rare condition which is usually detected as an incidental radiographic finding. However, it may cause pain and mobility in severe cases.
This is a case report of a 59 years old male who had a commercial non-related living renal transplantation for his end stage renal insufficiency secondary to adult polycystic kidney disease. He suffered an immediate and early post-operative bleeding, which was managed conservatively. He was presented at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital four months after his transplant with abdominal pain, nausea, loss of appetite and a rise in serum creatinine levels. Ultrasonography and angiography have shown a 4 cm false aneurysm of the transplant renal artery at the anastomotic site with the external iliac artery. Surgical exploration with resection of the false aneurysm and reanastomosis of the donor renal artery to the external iliac artery was carried out successfully with preservation of the renal allograft. This is a rare case of an extra-renal false aneurysm at the anastomotic site of the transplant renal artery to the external iliac artery four months after renal allotransplantation. Literature review on the management and outcome of false aneurysms after renal transplant was carried out.
Clavicle fractures are frequent injuries in athletes and midshaft clavicle fractures in particular are well-known injuries in Ironman triathletes. In 2000, Auzou et al. described the mechanism leading to an isolated truncular paralysis of the musculocutaneous nerve after a shoulder trauma. It is well-known that nerve palsies can lead to an atrophy of the associated muscle if they persist for months or even longer. In this case report we describe a new case of an Ironman triathlete suffering from a persistent isolated atrophy of the brachialis muscle. The atrophy occurred following a displaced midshaft clavicle fracture acquiring while falling off his bike after hitting a duck during a competition.
The etiology of
Kawasaki disease remains unknown despite
extensive studies. Some researchers suggest that
it is caused by an infectious agent. This is a
case report where a patient with incomplete
Kawasaki disease was found to have evidence
compatible with acute Mycoplasma pneumoniae
infection. This is one of the several case
reports linking Mycoplasma pneumoniae to
Kawasaki disease as a possible trigger. This is
perhaps due to a superantigen or is mediated by some other
mechanism. Accurate and timely testing for
Mycoplasma infections is difficult and has its
limitations. Despite this, Mycoplasma pneumoniae
should be considered in the differential and
workup for Kawasaki disease.
Gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) is a rare tumour of gastrointestinal tract, comprising of 0.1-3.0% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. They are commonly found in stomach (60-70%), very rarely in rectum and anal canal (<5%). The present case report is of a large anorectal leiomyoma (142×80mm) arising from posterior rectal wall, with its unusual presentation of urinary retention. In our case, in view of its massive size, recurrence and malignant transformation, we planned abdominoperineal resection. Although size and histological grade play an important role, complete resection still is considered the most significant favorable prognostic factor.
Primary leiomyosarcoma of the breast is an extremely rare tumor, accounting for less than 1% of all breast tumors and only 24 cases have been reported in the English medical journals. It is quite difficult to diagnose leiomyosarcoma preoperatively. Establishing an accurate diagnosis is very important in planning treatment. When preoperative diagnosis can be achieved before or during the operation, wide resection should be performed. There is no need for axillary lymph node dissection. In this case report, we present a case involving primary leiomysarcoma of the breast in a 48-year-old woman and we discuss optimal treatment options.
Mesenteric pseudocyst is rare. This term is used to describe the abdominal cystic mass, without the origin of abdominal organ. We presented a case of mesenteric pseudocyst of the small bowel in a 70-year-old man. Esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy showed a 3.5 cm sized excavated lesion on the posterior wall of angle. Endocopic biopsy confirmed a histologic diagnosis of the poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, which includes the signet ring cell component. Abdominal computed tomography scan showed a focal mucosal enhancement in the posterior wall of angle of the stomach, a 2.4 cm sized enhancing mass on the distal small bowel loop, without distant metastases or ascites in rectal shelf, and multiple gallbladder stones. The patient underwent subtotal gastrectomy with gastroduodenostomy, segmental resection of the small bowel, and cholecystectomy. The final pathological diagnosis was mesenteric pseudocyst. This is the first case report describing incidentally detected mesenteric pseudocyst of the small bowel in gastric cancer patients.
Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare distinct histologic variant of squamous - cell carcinoma of the head and neck region. BSCC is more aggressive and has a poorer prognosis, although histologically, it is associated with squamous cell carcinoma and squamous atypia. The usual site of occurrence for BSCC is the upper aerodigestive tract, floor of the mouth and base of the tongue. This is a case report of an unusual case of BSCC of retromolar trigone, which is quite rare.
Due to a lack of early symptoms, pancreatic cancers of the body and tail are discovered mostly at advanced stages. These locally advanced cancers often involve the celiac axis or the common hepatic artery and are therefore declared unresectable. The extended distal pancreatectomy with en bloc resection of the celiac artery may offer a chance of complete resection. We present the case of a 48-year-old female with pancreatic body cancer invading the celiac axis. The patient underwent laparoscopy to exclude hepatic and peritoneal metastasis. Subsequently, a selective embolization of the common hepatic artery was performed to enlarge arterial flow to the hepatobiliary system and the stomach via the pancreatoduodenal arcades from the superior mesenteric artery. Fifteen days after embolization, the extended distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy and en bloc resection of the celiac axis was carried out. The postoperative course was uneventful, and complete tumor resection was achieved. This case report and a review of the literature show the feasibility and safety of the extended distal pancreatectomy with en bloc resection of the celiac axis. A preoperative embolization of the celiac axis may avoid ischemia-related complications of the stomach or the liver.
Background. Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a
significant contributor to worldwide maternal morbidity and mortality.
When PPH continues despite aggressive medical treatment, early
consideration should be given to surgical intervention. Various
surgical interventions may be used but conservative interventions are
recommended primarily. Case. This case report
describes laparoscopic coagulation of hypogastric artery technique in
a patient with PPH. Conclusions. Laparoscopic
ligature of the hypogastric artery for PPH treatment can be a valid
alternative to laparotomy in patients with vaginal delivery.