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Resultados filtrados por Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC

‣ Energy Intensive Infrastructure Investments with Retrofits in Continuous Time : Effects of Uncertainty on Energy Use and Carbon Emissions

Framstad, Nils Christian; Strand, Jon
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Energy-intensive infrastructure may tie up fossil energy use and carbon emissions for a long time after investments, making the structure of such investments crucial for society. Much or most of the resulting carbon emissions can often be eliminated later, through a costly retrofit. This paper studies the simultaneous decision to invest in such infrastructure, and retrofit it later, in a model where future climate damages are uncertain and follow a geometric Brownian motion process with positive drift. It shows that greater uncertainty about climate cost (for given unconditional expected costs) then delays the retrofit decision by increasing the option value of waiting to invest. Higher energy intensity is also chosen for the initial infrastructure when uncertainty is greater. These decisions are efficient given that energy and carbon prices facing the decision maker are (globally) correct, but inefficient when they are lower, which is more typical. Greater uncertainty about future climate costs will then further increase lifetime carbon emissions from the infrastructure...

‣ The Landfill Gas-to-Energy Initiative for Latin America and the Caribbean

Terraza, Horacio; Grajales, Francisco
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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35.83968%
The objectives of the Landfill Gas-to-Energy (LFGTE) Initiative in Latin America and the Caribbean are to. 1) contribute to the maximization of methane emissions reductions and the development of carbon trading opportunities; 2) promote LFGTE investment in Latin America and the Caribbean to improve solid waste management practices in the region; 3) create awareness of LFGTE opportunities; 4) document and disseminate LFGTE experience; and 5) establish knowledge sharing mechanisms to increase cooperation. The aim of this report is to document the dissemination activities and outputs of the LFGTE Initiative, including case studies of LFGTE projects in Brazil, Canada, Chile, Latvia, Mexico, Uruguay, South Africa, and Poland, a "Handbook for the Preparation of LFGTE Projects," a workshop in Monterrey, Mexico in October 2003 in which these documents were presented, a knowledge network on LFG, and a Web site for the LFGTE Initiative. In addition to these efforts, the LFGTE Initiative identified landfill sites for pre-investment feasibility studies. Of the 26 sites that submitted letters of interest...

‣ Meeting the Energy Needs of the Urban Poor : Lessons from Electrification Practitioners

Rojas, Juan Manuel; Lallement, Dominique
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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The present report was prepared on the basis of the findings of an international workshop held from September 12-14, 2005, in Salvador da Bahia, and was attended by delegations of three to five practitioners from 12 cities in Latin America, Africa and Asia. It had two main objectives: (a) to share experiences on innovative solutions to provide electricity services in poor peri-urban and urban areas; and (b) to develop a body of knowledge to be disseminated and used by a wide array of practitioners involved in the provision of energy services in those areas. One of the most important conclusions of the Bahia workshop was that excluding part of the population from access to energy on account of their poverty, marginalization and the informality of the settlements has enormous long-term social, economic and financial costs. The root cause of the contemporary difficulty in providing electricity and other infrastructure services through public or private utilities is decades of such social exclusion, poverty and marginalization which have led to total distrust between formal structures and consumers...

‣ Uzbekistan Energy Efficiency in Urban Water Utilities in Central Asia

Ijjaz-Vasquez, Ede Jorge
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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This study's objective was to evaluate Energy Efficiency in Urban Water Utilities to test the common assumption that there existed an enormous energy reduction potential in the water utilities in the Former Soviet Union and more specifically in Central Asia. The study focused on the historic cities of Samarkand and Bukhara in Uzbekistan and includes a detailed description of the water supply and distribution facilities, the conditions of the works identifying low energy efficiency, a detailed analysis of the efficiency tests performed to pumps of the Water Utilities in these cities, an energy usage assessment including the performance indicators, and investment recommendations and a dissemination program incorporating final recommendations to reduce energy consumption by the cities water systems.

‣ Innovative Approaches for Tourism's Energy Challenge

Fernandez, Eneida; Romo, Zayra
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.83968%
According on climate change and tourism the industry 'must rapidly respond to climate change, within the evolving United Nation (UN) framework and progressively reduce its Greenhouse Gas (GHG) contribution if it is to grow in a sustainable manner.' In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), fossil fuel accounts for about 75 percent of energy needs, creating a key challenge for sustainable tourism. To explore further the issues of energy use and tourism, the World Bank's LAC region hosted a special session as part of a two day event on sustainable tourism in April 2008. When energy consumption and carbon emissions grow due to the expansion of the tourism industry, so too do the economic benefits in terms of jobs and incomes for the countries of Latin America. To maintain a vibrant and growing tourist industry while reducing the carbon footprint, the session emphasized the need for the region to address two key issues: 'the mitigation of GHG emissions, derived from transport and accommodations activities...