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‣ Intermediate filaments and the initiation of desmosome assembly

Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/08/1985 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
The desmosome junction is an important component in the cohesion of epithelial cells, especially epidermal keratinocytes. To gain insight into the structure and function of desmosomes, their morphogenesis has been studied in a primary mouse epidermal (PME) cell culture system. When these cells are grown in approximately 0.1 mM Ca2+, they contain no desmosomes. They are induced to form desmosomes when the Ca2+ level in the culture medium is raised to approximately 1.2 mM Ca2+. PME cells in medium containing low levels of Ca2+, and then processed for indirect immunofluorescence using antibodies directed against desmoplakins (desmosomal plaque proteins), display a pattern of discrete fluorescent spots concentrated mainly in the perinuclear region. Double label immunofluorescence using keratin and desmoplakin antibodies reveals that the desmoplakin-containing spots and the cytoplasmic network of tonofibrils (bundles of intermediate filaments [IFB]) are in the same juxtanuclear region. Within 1 h after the switch to higher levels of Ca2+, the spots move toward the cell surface, primarily to areas of cell-cell contact and not to free cell surfaces. This reorganization occurs at the same time that tonofibrils also move toward cell surfaces in contact with neighboring cells. Once the desmoplakin spots have reached the cell surface...