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‣ Comparison of a spatial perspective with the multilevel analytical approach in neighborhood studies: the case of mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use in Malmö, Sweden, 2001; Comparison of a spatial perspective with the multilevel analytical approach in neighborhood studies: the case of mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use in Malmo, Sweden, 2001

Chaix, B.; Merlo, J.; Subramanian, S.; Lynch, J.; Chauvin, P.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Inc Publicador: Oxford Univ Press Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2005 Português
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Most studies of neighborhood effects on health have used the multilevel approach. However, since this methodology does not incorporate any notion of space, it may not provide optimal epidemiologic information when modeling variations or when investigating associations between contextual factors and health. Investigating mental disorders due to psychoactive substance use among all 65,830 individuals aged 40-59 years in 2001 in Malmö, Sweden, geolocated at their place of residence, the authors compared a spatial analytical perspective, which builds notions of space into hypotheses and methods, with the multilevel approach. Geoadditive models provided precise cartographic information on spatial variations in prevalence independent of administrative boundaries. The multilevel model showed significant neighborhood variations in the prevalence of substance-related disorders. However, hierarchical geostatistical models provided information on not only the magnitude but also the scale of neighborhood variations, indicating a significant correlation between neighborhoods in close proximity to each other. The prevalence of disorders increased with neighborhood deprivation. Far stronger associations were observed when using indicators measured in spatially adaptive areas...