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‣ POSITIVE CORRELATION BETWEEN DISEASE ACTIVITY INDEX AND MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASES ACTIVITY IN A RAT MODEL OF COLITIS

OLIVEIRA,Luiz Gustavo de; CUNHA,André Luiz da; DUARTE,Amaury Caiafa; CASTAÑON,Maria Christina Marques Nogueira; CHEBLI,Júlio Maria Fonseca; AGUIAR,Jair Adriano Kopke de
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 Português
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Context Inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, comprising a broad spectrum of diseases those have in common chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, histological alterations and an increased activity levels of certain enzymes, such as, metalloproteinases. Objectives Evaluate a possible correlation of disease activity index with the severity of colonic mucosal damage and increased activity of metalloproteinases in a model of ulcerative colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium. Methods Colitis was induced by oral administration of 5% dextran sulfate sodium for seven days in this group (n=10), whereas control group (n=16) received water. Effects were analyzed daily by disease activity index. In the seventh day, animals were euthanized and hematological measurements, histological changes (hematoxylin and eosin and Alcian Blue staining), myeloperoxidase and metalloproteinase activities (MMP-2 and MMP-9) were determined. Results Dextran sulfate sodium group showed elevated disease activity index and reduced hematological parameters. Induction of colitis caused tissue injury with loss of mucin and increased myeloperoxidase (P<0.001) and MMP-9 activities (45 fold) compared to the control group. Conclusions In this study...

‣ Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis: comparison of results in familial adenomatous polyposis and chronic ulcerative colitis.

Dozois, R R; Kelly, K A; Welling, D R; Gordon, H; Beart, R W; Wolff, B G; Pemberton, J H; Ilstrup, D M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1989 Português
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The aim of this study was to compare the immediate postoperative results and the long-term outcome of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in 94 patients with familial adenomatous polyposis to those in 758 patients with ulcerative colitis. Two colitis patients died after operation (0.3%), but no polyposis patients died. Overall operative complications appeared in 26% and 29% of polyposis and colitis patients, respectively (NS). Reoperation for intestinal obstruction did not differ between the two groups, but sepsis requiring reoperation was more common in colitis patients (6%) than in polyposis patients (0%, p less than 0.04). At follow-up (mean, 3 years), polyposis patients had fewer daytime stools (4.5 stools per day), less nighttime fecal spotting (26%), and less pouchitis (7%) than colitis patients (5.8 stools per day; spotting, 40%; pouchitis, 22%; p less than 0.002). The conclusion was that polyposis patients tolerated the operation better and had less long-term disability than did colitis patients. The data suggest that postoperative sepsis, daytime stooling frequency, nocturnal incontinence, and pouchitis may be, at least in part, disease related and not surgeon or operation related.

‣ Ulcerative Colitis: An Overview

Archambault, Andre
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1990 Português
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Idiopathic ulcerative colitis primarily affects young adults. Colonic symptoms are the most annoying. In severe colitis, systemic and extraintestinal inflammatory manifestations can be disabling. Proximal extension of colitis is demonstrated by double-contrast barium enema and total colonoscopy. Bacterial and parasitic colitis must be excluded by appropriate microbiological studies. Colonoscopy is recommended to screen for high-grade dysplasia or neoplasia in cases of chronic diffuse colitis (after seven years). Severe colitis can benefit from hospitalization, parenteral nutritional support, and high doses of corticosteroids that are progressively tapered. Mild or moderate cases or severe cases in remission respond well to rest, low-irritant diets, mild symptomatic medication, oral sulfasalazine, or more recent 5-acetylsalicylic derivatives. Long-term maintenance with reduced dosages will control more than 80% of cases.

‣ Tumor development in murine ulcerative colitis depends on MyD88 signaling of colonic F4/80+CD11bhighGr1low macrophages

Schiechl, Gabriela; Bauer, Bernhard; Fuss, Ivan; Lang, Sven A.; Moser, Christian; Ruemmele, Petra; Rose-John, Stefan; Neurath, Markus F.; Geissler, Edward K.; Schlitt, Hans-Jürgen; Strober, Warren; Fichtner-Feigl, Stefan
Fonte: American Society for Clinical Investigation Publicador: American Society for Clinical Investigation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Patients with prolonged ulcerative colitis (UC) frequently develop colorectal adenocarcinoma for reasons that are not fully clear. To analyze inflammation-associated colonic tumorigenesis, we developed a chronic form of oxazolone-induced colitis in mice that, similar to UC, was distinguished by the presence of IL-13–producing NKT cells. In this model, the induction of tumors using azoxymethane was accompanied by the coappearance of F4/80+CD11bhighGr1low M2 macrophages, cells that undergo polarization by IL-13 and are absent in tumors that lack high level IL-13 production. Importantly, this subset of macrophages was a source of tumor-promoting factors, including IL-6. Similar to dextran sodium sulfate–induced colitis, F4/80+CD11bhighGr1intermediate macrophages were present in the mouse model of chronic oxazolone-induced colitis and may influence tumor development through production of TGF-β1, a cytokine that inhibits tumor immunosurveillance. Finally, while robust chronic oxazolone-induced colitis developed in myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88–deficient (Myd88–/–) mice, these mice did not support tumor development. The inhibition of tumor development in Myd88–/– mice correlated with cessation of IL-6 and TGF-β1 production by M2 and F4/80+CD11bhighGr1intermediate macrophages...

‣ Infection of specific strains of Streptococcus mutans, oral bacteria, confers a risk of ulcerative colitis

Kojima, Ayuchi; Nakano, Kazuhiko; Wada, Koichiro; Takahashi, Hirokazu; Katayama, Kazufumi; Yoneda, Masato; Higurashi, Takuma; Nomura, Ryota; Hokamura, Kazuya; Muranaka, Yoshinori; Matsuhashi, Nobuyuki; Umemura, Kazuo; Kamisaki, Yoshinori; Nakajima, Atsush
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/03/2012 Português
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Although oral bacteria-associated systemic diseases have been reported, association between Streptococcus mutans, pathogen of dental caries, and ulcerative colitis (UC) has not been reported. We investigated the effect of various S. mutans strains on dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced mouse colitis. Administration of TW295, the specific strain of S. mutans, caused aggravation of colitis; the standard strain, MT8148 did not. Localization of TW295 in hepatocytes in liver was observed. Increased expression of interferon-γ in liver was also noted, indicating that the liver is target organ for the specific strain of S. mutans-mediated aggravation of colitis. The detection frequency of the specific strains in UC patients was significantly higher than in healthy subjects. Administration of the specific strains of S. mutans isolated from patients caused aggravation of colitis. Infection with highly-virulent specific types of S. mutans might be a potential risk factor in the aggravation of UC.

‣ Proteomic Analysis of Colonic Mucosal Tissue from Tuberculous and Ulcerative Colitis Patients

Kwon, Seong-Chun; Won, Kyung Jong; Jung, Seoung Hyo; Lee, Kang Pa; Lee, Dong-Youb; Park, Eun-Seok; Kim, Bokyung; Cheon, Gab Jin; Han, Koon Hee
Fonte: The Korean Physiological Society and The Korean Society of Pharmacology Publicador: The Korean Physiological Society and The Korean Society of Pharmacology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Changes in the expression profiles of specific proteins leads to serious human diseases, including colitis. The proteomic changes related to colitis and the differential expression between tuberculous (TC) and ulcerative colitis (UC) in colon tissue from colitis patients has not been defined. We therefore performed a proteomic analysis of human TC and UC mucosal tissue. Total protein was obtained from the colon mucosal tissue of normal, TC, and UC patients, and resolved by 2-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE). The results were analyzed with PDQuest using silver staining. We used matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight/time-of-flight spectrometry (MALDI TOF/TOF) to identify proteins differentially expressed in TC and UC. Of the over 1,000 proteins isolated, three in TC tissue and two in UC tissue displayed altered expression when compared to normal tissue. Moreover, two proteins were differentially expressed in a comparative analysis between TC and UC. These were identified as mutant β-actin, α-enolase and Charcot-Leyden crystal protein. In particular, the expression of α-enolase was significantly greater in TC compared with normal tissue, but decreased in comparison to UC, implying that α-enolase may represent a biomarker for differential diagnosis of TC and UC. This study therefore provides a valuable resource for the molecular and diagnostic analysis of human colitis.

‣ A Novel Murine Model of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Inflammation-Associated Colon Cancer with Ulcerative Colitis-Like Features

Hale, Laura P.; Greer, Paula K.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/07/2012 Português
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Mutations that increase susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have been identified in a number of genes in both humans and mice, but the factors that govern how these mutations contribute to IBD pathogenesis and result in phenotypic presentation as ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn disease (CD) are not well understood. In this study, mice deficient in both TNF and IL-10 (T/I mice) were found to spontaneously develop severe colitis soon after weaning, without the need for exogenous triggers. Colitis in T/I mice had clinical and histologic features similar to human UC, including a markedly increased risk of developing inflammation-associated colon cancer. Importantly, development of spontaneous colitis in these mice was prevented by antibiotic treatment. Consistent with the known role of Th17-driven inflammation in response to bacteria, T/I mice had elevated serumTh17-type cytokines when they developed spontaneous colitis and after systemic bacterial challenge via NSAID-induced degradation of the mucosal barrier. Although TNF production has been widely considered to be be pathogenic in IBD, these data indicate that the ability to produce normal levels of TNF actually protects against the spontaneous development of colitis in response to intestinal colonization by bacteria. The T/I mouse model will be useful for developing new rationally-based therapies to prevent and/or treat IBD and inflammation-associated colon cancer and may further provide important insights into the pathogenesis of UC in humans.

‣ A study of the effects of Cydonia oblonga Miller (Quince) on TNBS-induced ulcerative colitis in rats

Minaiyan, M.; Ghannadi, A.; Etemad, M.; Mahzouni, P.
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
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Cydonia oblonga Miller (Quince) from Rosaceae family is a fruit tree cultivated in many countries mainly in Iran. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of quince juice (QJ) and quince hydroalcoholic extract (QHE) on ulcerative colitis (UC) induced by TNBS (trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid) in rats. Rats were grouped (n=6) and fasted for 36 h before colitis induction. TNBS was instilled into the colon with a hydroalcoholic carrier and then treatments were made for 5 days starting 6 h after colitis induction with different doses of QJ (200, 400, 800 mg/kg), QHE (200, 500 & 800 mg/kg) orally, QJ (400 mg/kg) and QHE (200 and 500 mg/kg) intraperitoneally. The colon tissue was removed and tissue damages were scored after macroscopic and histopathologic assessments. Albeit the examined doses of QJ and QHE were apparently effective to reduce the extent of UC lesions, only the greatest doses (500 and 800 mg/kg) resulted in significant alleviation. Weight/Length ratio as an illustrative of tissue inflammation and extravasation was also diminished with quince treatments while the results correlated with macroscopic and histopathologic evaluations. These data suggest that QJ and QHE were effective to diminish inflammation and ulcer indices in this murine model of acute colitis. Although QHE with different doses was effective in induced colitis...

‣ Histological evaluation in ulcerative colitis

DeRoche, Tom C.; Xiao, Shu-Yuan; Liu, Xiuli
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This review summarizes diagnostic problems, challenges and advances in ulcerative colitis (UC). It emphasizes that, although histopathological examination plays a major role in the diagnosis and management of UC, it should always be interpreted in the context of clinical, endoscopic, and radiological findings. Accurate diagnosis requires knowledge of the classic morphological features of UC, as well as a number of atypical pathological presentations that may cause mis-classification of the disease process, either in resection or biopsy specimens. These atypical pathological presentations include rectal sparing and patchiness of disease at initial presentation of UC in pediatric patients or in the setting of medically treated UC, cecal or ascending colon inflammation in left-sided UC, and backwash ileitis in patients with severe ulcerative pancolitis. Loosely formed microgranulomas, with pale foamy histiocytes adjacent to a damaged crypt or eroded surface, should not be interpreted as evidence of Crohn’s disease. Indeterminate colitis should only be used in colectomy specimens as a provisional pathological diagnosis. Patients with UC are at risk for the development of dysplasia and carcinoma; optimal outcomes in UC surveillance programs require familiarity with the diagnostic criteria and challenges relating to UC-associated dysplasia and malignancy. Colon biopsy from UC patients should always be evaluated for dysplasia based on cytological and architectural abnormalities. Accurate interpretation and classification of dysplasia in colon biopsy from UC patients as sporadic adenoma or UC-related dysplasia [flat...

‣ Toxic megacolon during pregnancy in ulcerative colitis: A case report

Quddus, Ayyaz; Martin-Perez, Beatriz; Schoonyoung, Henry; Albert, Matthew; Atallah, Sam
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 29/04/2015 Português
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•Ulcerative colitis has a peak incidence which coincides with the childbearing age of females.•Acute fulminant colitis during pregnancy is rare, but requires mandatory surgical colectomy which carries a significant risk to both mother and fetus.•We recommend that female patients planning to conceive with a known diagnosis of ulcerative colitis have an optimised medical regimen by liaising with their obstetricians and gastroenterologists to prevent exacerbations and the development of toxic megacolon.•Should surgical intervention become required, this can be performed with favourable outcomes for mother and child as demonstrated in this report.

‣ The role of zinc and metallothionein in the dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis mouse model

Tran, C.; Ball, J.; Sundar, S.; Coyle, P.; Howarth, G.
Fonte: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ Publicador: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
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Zinc (Zn) and its binding protein metallothionein (MT) have been proposed to suppress the disease activity in ulcerative colitis. To determine the role of Zn and MT in the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced model of colitis in mice, a DSS dose-response study was conducted in male C57BL/6 wild-type (MT+/+) and MT-null (MT-/-) mice by supplementing 2%, 3%, and 4% DSS in the drinking water for 6 days. In the intervention study, colitis was induced with 2% DSS, Zn (24 mg/ml as ZnO) was gavaged (0.1 ml) daily, concurrent with DSS administration, and the disease activity index (DAI) was scored daily. Histology, MT levels, and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were determined. DAI was increased (P<0.05) by 16% and 21% with 3% and 4% concentrations of DSS, respectively, compared to 2%, evident after 5 days of DSS administration. MPO activity was increased in MT+/+ compared to MT-/- mice and those receiving DSS. Zn administration had a 50% (P<0.05) lower DAI compared to DSS alone. Zn partially prevented the distal colon of MT+/+ by 47% from DSS-induced damage compared to MT-/- mice. MT did not prevent DSS-induced colitis and Zn was partially effective in amelioration of DSS-induced colitis.; C. D. Tran, J. M. Ball, S. Sundar, P. Coyle, G. S. Howarth

‣ Características demográficas e fenótipos clínicos das doenças inflamatórias intestinais no Nordeste do Brasil; Demographic aspects and clinical phenotypes of inflammatory bowel diseases in Northeastern Brazil

José Miguel Luz Parente
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/07/2014 Português
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Introdução: Doença de Crohn (DC) e Retocolite Ulcerativa Idiopática (RCUI) são as duas principais doenças inflamatórias intestinais (DII), cuja prevalência é mais expressiva no norte da Europa, Estados Unidos da América e Canadá. Mais recentemente, elas passaram a ser detectadas em frequência crescente em todos os continentes. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi analisar as características demográficas e fenótipos clínicos dos pacientes com DII no Nordeste brasileiro, referentes à época da confirmação do diagnóstico. Casuística e Método: Este é um estudo descritivo e transversal, o qual foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa da UFPI. Foram incluídos censitariamente os pacientes com DII que faziam seguimento clínico em serviços especializados de hospitais universitários em todas as capitais do Nordeste do Brasil. As variáveis analisadas foram: as características demográficas e socioeconômicas, e os dados clínicos de DC e RCUI de acordo com a classificação de Montreal. As análises estatísticas incluíram: média, mediana e desvio padrão para variáveis quantitativas; teste do qui-quadrado (c2) de Pearson para análise das variáveis qualitativas. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: Foram incluídos 913 indivíduos com DII...

‣ Lymphoblastic response to autologous colon epithelial cells in ulcerative colitis in vitro

Hunt, P. S.; Trotter, S.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/1973 Português
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The blastic transformation in vitro of peripheral blood lymphocytes was measured by the 72-hour uptake of tritiated thymidine (3H-6-thymidine) in 23 patients with mucosal ulcerative colitis, three patients with acute Crohn's colitis with rectal involvement, and seven normal subjects. The 23 patients with ulcerative colitis were subdivided into three groups, graded according to severity into seven with acute, severe, nine with active, chronic, and seven with quiescent disease.

‣ Split ileostomy and ileocolostomy for Crohn's disease of the colon and ulcerative colitis: a 20 year survey.

Harper, P H; Truelove, S C; Lee, E C; Kettlewell, M G; Jewell, D P
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1983 Português
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The clinical course of 140 patients who have had a split ileostomy for ulcerative colitis or colonic Crohn's disease over a 20 year period is reported. In 37 patients with ulcerative colitis there was no sustained improvement. In the 102 patients with Crohn's disease there was an immediate clinical improvement in 95, which was sustained in 65. Thirty patients have subsequently required a proctocolectomy for persistent inflammation, and 28 are still defunctioned. Bowel continuity was restored after 61 split ileostomies and in 44 patients intestinal continuity remains intact at the present time (mean follow up since closure = 62.5 months, range 0-231 months). It is concluded that a split ileostomy is a safe conservative operation producing at least temporary improvement in severely ill and malnourished patients with Crohn's colitis, and that if a subsequent resection becomes necessary it may be less extensive than was thought applicable at the initial operation. In 27 patients a resection has not been required.

‣ Epigenetics: filling in the 'heritability gap' and identifying gene-environment interactions in ulcerative colitis

Quigley, Eamonn MM
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/09/2012 Português
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Ulcerative colitis is a common inflammatory bowel disorder associated with considerable morbidity. Its incidence is increasing worldwide. While familial aggregation of ulcerative colitis is a common phenomenon, genome-wide association studies, identifying a plethora of associated genes, have failed to reveal a unifying causative pathway. The well-documented impact of a number of environmental factors on disease occurrence and natural history suggests a major role for epigenetic events. The epigenome-wide association study discussed in this highlight has revealed novel loci linked to colitis and has provided unique insights into the pathophysiology of this disorder information that could translate into new therapeutic approaches.

‣ Glucosamine synthetase activity of the colonic mucosa in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.

Goodman, M J; Kent, P W; Truelove, S C
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1977 Português
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Glucosamine synthetase is the first enzyme in glycoprotein biosynthesis, catalysing the formation of glucosamine-6-phosphate, from which N-acetylglucosamine is formed. The levels of this enzyme in normal human colonic mucosa (in colectomy specimens and rectal biopsies) were found to be 13-8 +/- 4-0 micron mol glucosamine synthesised/h/g wet wt. In the colonic mucosa in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's colitis the enzyme level was diminished when there was loss of epithelial cells in the mucosa, although not when there was just loss of goblet cells. In patients recovering from an acute attack of ulcerative colitis, the enzyme levels rose to a peak above the normal range, an effect which did not occur in patients who did not recover promptly. This recovery peak may be related to the synthesis of gastrointestinal mucus, or immunoglobulin, or the secretory component of IgA, all of which contain large amounts of N-acetylglucosamine.

‣ Serum and tissue autoantibodies to colonic epithelium in ulcerative colitis.

Snook, J A; Lowes, J R; Wu, K C; Priddle, J D; Jewell, D P
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1991 Português
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Sera and colonic tissue-bound immunoglobulin extracts from patients with ulcerative colitis and disease controls were examined immunohistochemically and by killer cell cytotoxicity assay for the presence of anticolonic epithelial autoantibodies. IgG yields in the tissue extracts from patients with colitis and control subjects were similar, and the extracts were uniformly autoantibody negative. Of 41 sera from patients with inflammatory bowel disease, 'classical' anticolon antibody was present in 41% and was commoner in patients with sclerosing cholangitis. Cytotoxic anticolon antibody was present in 20% overall and was strongly associated with disease activity; it did not correlate with the presence of 'classical' anticolon antibody. The heterogeneous and non-universal antiepithelial autoantibody response and the failure to detect tissue bound autoantibody in vivo argue against the hypothesis that humoral autoimmunity is of major importance in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis.

‣ Differential immune and genetic responses in rat models of Crohn's colitis and ulcerative colitis

Shi, Xuan-Zheng; Winston, John H.; Sarna, Sushil K.
Fonte: American Physiological Society Publicador: American Physiological Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are clinically, immunologically, and morphologically distinct forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, smooth muscle function is impaired similarly in both diseases, resulting in diarrhea. We tested the hypothesis that differential cellular, genetic, and immunological mechanisms mediate smooth muscle dysfunction in two animal models believed to represent the two diseases. We used the rat models of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)- and dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colonic inflammations, which closely mimic the clinical and morphological features of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, respectively. DSS inflammation induced oxidative stress initially in mucosa/submucosa, which then propagated to the muscularis externa to impair smooth muscle function. The muscularis externa showed no increase of cytokines/chemokines. On the other hand, TNBS inflammation almost simultaneously induced oxidative stress, recruited or activated immune cells, and generated cytokines/chemokines in both mucosa/submucosa and muscularis externa. The generation of cytokines/chemokines did not correlate with the recruitment and activation of immune cells. Consequently, the impairment of smooth muscle function in DSS inflammation was primarily due to oxidative stress...

‣ Decrease of Peripheral and Intestinal NKG2A-Positive T Cells in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

Katsurada, Takehiko; Kobayashi, Waka; Tomaru, Utano; Baba, Tomohisa; Furukawa, Shigeru; Ishizu, Akihiro; Takeda, Kazuyoshi; Sakamoto, Naoya; Asaka, Masahiro; Takeda, Hiroshi; Kasahara, Masanori
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/09/2012 Português
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To investigate the role of inhibitory natural killer receptors (iNKRs) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), we analyzed the expression of NKG2A, one of the iNKRs, on T cells in a mouse colitis model and human IBD. During the active phase of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced mouse colitis, the frequency of NKG2A+ T cells was significantly decreased in the peripheral blood, and increased in the intestine, suggesting the mobilization of this T cell subset to the sites of inflammation. Administration of anti-NKG2A antibody increased the number of inflammatory foci in DSS-induced colitis, suggesting the involvement of NKG2A+ T cells in this colitis model. In ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, the frequency of peripheral blood NKG2A+ T cells was significantly decreased, compared with Crohn's disease (CD) patients and healthy controls, regardless of clinical conditions such as treatment modalities and disease activity. Notably, in sharp contrast to the DSS-induced mouse colitis model, the frequency of NKG2A+ cells among intestinal T cells was also decreased in UC patients. These results suggest that inadequate local infiltration of NKG2A+ T cells may be involved in the pathogenesis of UC.

‣ Trombosis de senos venosos intracraneales: una complicación infrecuente y grave de la colitis ulcerosa. Primera comunicación de un caso en Uruguay

Pérez Calcagno,Gerardo; Bagattini,Juan Carlos; Forster,Thaïs A; Chiarella,Marcelo; Cohen,Henry
Fonte: Sociedad Médica de Santiago Publicador: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 Português
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Intracranial sinus venous thrombosis (ICSVT) is a rare complication of ulcerative colitis that affects from 1.7 to 7.5% of patients. We report a 22 year-old male with ulcerative colitis in treatment with mesalazine and prednisone presenting with headache and speech disturbances. A magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a left temporal hemorrhagic infarct with thrombosis of the ispilateral superficial vein and sigmoid venous sinus. No cause of thrombophilia was detected. Anticoagulation with heparin was started which was changed to oral anticoagulation with warfarin. The patient was discharged ten days after admission.