Últimos itens adicionados do Acervo: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe

A Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe (CEPAL) foi criada em 1948 pelo Conselho Econômico e Social das Nações Unidas com o objetivo de incentivar a cooperação econômica entre os seus membros. Ela é uma das cinco comissões econômicas da Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU) e possui 44 estados e oito territórios não independentes como membros.

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‣ Resolución 250(XI): Simposios sobre industrialización = Resolution 250(XI): Symposia on industrialization = Résolution 250(XI): Colloques sur l'industrialisation

Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português

‣ Resolución 251(XI): Integración económica de América Latina = Resolution 251(XI): Economic integration of Latin America = Résolution 251(XI): Intégration économique de l'Amérique latine

Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português

‣ Resolución 254(XI): Los países de menor desarrollo relativo y la integración económica latinoamericana = Resolution 254(XI): The relatively less developed countries and Latin American economic integration = Résolution 254(XI): Les pays relativement moins développés et l'intégration économique de l'Amerique latine

Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português

‣ Resolución 256(XI): Conferencia de ministros de educación y ministros encargados del planeamiento de los países de América Latina y de la Región del Caribe = Resolution 256(XI): Conference of Latin American and Caribbean ministers of education and ministers responsible for economic planning = Résolution 256(XI): Conférence des ministres de l'éducation et des ministres chargés de la planification des pays d'Amérique latine et de la region des Caraïbes

Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português

‣ Resolución 257(XI): Difusión de la labor de la Comisión = Resolution 257(XI): Publicity concerning the Commission's work = Résolution 257(XI): Diffusion de renseignements sur les travaux de la Commission

Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português

‣ Résolution 576(XXVIII): Suivi du Programme d'action régional en faveur des femmes d'Amérique latine et des Caraïbes, 1995-2001

Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português

‣ Résolution 577(XXVIII): Population et développement: lignes d'action prioritaires pour la période 2000-2002

Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português

‣ Résolution 578(XXVIII): Programme de travail de la Commission économique pour l'Amérique latine et les Caraïbes pour l'exercice biennal 2002-2003

Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português

‣ Résolution 580(XXVIII): Création de la Conférence statistique des Amériques de la Commission économique pour l'Amérique latine et les Caraïbes

Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português

‣ Résolution 581(XXVIII): Appui aux travaux de l'Institut latino-américain et des Caraïbes de planification économique et sociale

Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português

‣ Résolution 582(XXVIII): Résolution de Mexico sur l'équité, le développement et la citoyenneté

Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português

‣ Importación de bienes de capital: la experiencia argentina en la década del '80: versión preliminar

Bezchinsky, Gabriel
Fonte: CEPAL Publicador: CEPAL
Português
Incluye Bibliografía; Analiza la evolución de las importaciones, los cambios en su composición, y presenta algunos indicios respecto de las modificaciones en la demanda de bienes de capital, y del papel que las importaciones de esos bienes puede haber jugado en el proceso de reconversión productiva en que la economía argentina se halla inmersa.

‣ La capacidad innovativa y el fortalecimiento de la competitividad de las firmas: el caso de las PYMEs exportadoras argentinas

Boscherini, Fabio; Yoguel, Gabriel
Fonte: CEPAL Publicador: CEPAL
Português
Incluye Bibliografía; Introducción La emergencia de los nuevos paradigmas tecno-organizativos y la consolidación del proceso de globalización de los mercados ha aumentado el rol que los agentes económicos asignan a las actividades innovativas en la búsqueda de mayor competitividad (Bianchi y Miller 1994, Coriat 1993). La visión predominante en la teoría económica hasta la crisis de los '70, sostenía que la gran empresa era el agente clave en el proceso de innovación (Schumpeter 1942 y Galbraith 1957). Esta concepción se correspondía con el modelo de produccción fordista caracterizado por la estandarización de la producción, los procesos de automatización rígida, la relevancia de las economías de escala y el predominio de la firma grande. Las actividades innovativas se centraban fundamentalmente en la creación de nuevos productos y procesos, efectuados en laboratorios de investigación y desarrollo que requerían, como condición de eficiencia, la presencia de economías de escala en la producción. La innovación era concebida como una actividad que se desarrollaba en áreas específicas, con responsabilidades claras y objetivos predeterminados ex-ante. Esta estructura de funcionamiento del proceso innovativo era funcional al modelo de demanda que favorecía la estandarización de la producción. El proceso innovativo era desarrollado predominantemente por firmas que tenían un dominio oligopólico del mercado a partir del cual obtenían ganancias extraordinarias con las que financiaban las actividades de I&D. En ese marco...

‣ PREVIO: procedimiento del hijo previo, version 1.0: manual del usuario = PREVIO: technique de la naissance précédente, version 1.0: manuel de l'usager

Fonte: CELADE Publicador: CELADE
Português

‣ The dynamics of specialist development banking: the case of the agriculture development bank of Trinidad and Tobago

Birchwood, Anthony
Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; Introducción Internationally, development banks emerged as governments of many countries attempted to accelerate economic development by directing finance to achieve this objective.Accordingly, it was felt that development banks had a major role to play in steering resources appropriately, particularly where there is market failure. Thus, development banks were deemed as a critical ingredient to improving access to credit, allowing for the provisioning of long-term finance at a low price, and the financing of start-up activities. In addition, development banks were seen as essential to the financing of employment creating activities such as the development of the agricultural sector. Seibel (2000) examined the performances of agriculture development banks worldwide and found that they have suffered from political interference, have been largely unsupervised and therefore not subject to prudential regulations and strict monitoring. The author argued that in the majority of cases, these institutions became unsustainable, technically bankrupt, lacking the ability to diversify and attract customers and funding.The author further contended that successful reforms have encompassed operational autonomy, and have put in place legal provisions for prudential norms...

‣ A new approach to development banking in Jamaica

Collister, Keith R.
Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; Abstract This document analyses development banking in Jamaica, identifying its weaknesses and proposes solutions to address its shortcomings. The first part of the document provides an overview of development banking in developing economies. The second part, "The Jamaican Experience of Development Banking" examines the modus operandi of all Jamaica's post - Independence developmental institutions. The Jamaican experience substantiates the conclusions as to the desultory performance of development banking in the developing world. The third part "Financial Deepening in Jamaica", seeks to address the question "how to rectify this situation" Accordingly, it considers first how Jamaica's development banks might access the international capital markets and hence raise fresh capital in the same manner as their counterparts in developed countries. A condition precedent to such a step would be the need to "clean up their balance sheets". However, it should be borne in mind that it would be impossible to keep their balance sheets clean, operating on the high risk/ low return principle. In making suggestions for the expansion of the range of financial products offered by the development banks, the document points out the need for legislation to make it easier to transfer financial ownership to creditors and for the establishment of a credit bureau to improve access to financial information. It also identifies new financial products. More importantly...

‣ A summary of the experiences of Chile and Colombia with unremunerated reserve requirements on capital flows during the 1990's

Titelman Kardonsky, Daniel; Vera, Cecilia
Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Incluye Bibliografía; Financial integration among countries entails a series of well-known benefits. On the one hand, net inflows of external savings can complement national savings within an economy and therefore raise productive investment and income. On the other hand, capital mobility provides opportunities for portfolio diversification and risk sharing between countries and this may enable investors-both firms and households of particular countries- to achieve higher risk-adjusted rates of return. This in turn could encourage increases in savings and investment and therefore deliver faster rates of growth (Eichengreen and Mussa, 1998). Despite these benefits however, there is also a growing consensus that the opening of the capital account has contributed to economic volatility, especially in emerging economies. Financial integration has frequently led these economies to "import" external financial instability, given the highly volatile nature international financial markets and the strong association between the cycles of capital flows and those of domestic economic activity (Ffrench-Davis, 2007). Hence, for developing countries, capital account volatility has become one of the major sources of real macroeconomic instability (Ocampo...

‣ Re-conceptualizing the international aid structure: recipient donor interactions and the rudiments of a feedback mechanism

Lamothe, Herrissa D.
Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Incluye Bibliografía; International aid has traditionally been understood with the perspective of the donor as the main active determinant of aid flow. The recipient is often considered a passive, if not stagnant actor in the allocation of aid. New literature has begun to consider that recipient countries are not at all as passive as they may seem. They are rational actors seeking to utilize funds from international aid to maximize their welfare in the face of budgetary constraints. Their behavior changes constantly in response to incentives presented by interactions with donor behavior in the international aid structure. The complex series of interactions between donors and recipients not only have an impact on the immediate effectiveness of aid, but fundamentally re-conceptualize how the structure for international aid has traditionally been understood. Recipients' behavior has both a direct effect on the impact of aid, as well as an indirect effect on donors who seek to use their aid to fulfill a specific agenda. Similarly to recipients, donors respond to incentives and change their behaviors in order to meet their goals. This situation allows for a series of interaction between donors and recipients which has traditionally not been taken into account. I argue that these previously overlooked interactions may reflect the presence of the rudiments of a feedback mechanism through which recipients provide a series of indirect signals which donors inadvertently receive when monitoring the impact of their aid. Unfortunately this mechanism is incomplete and often goes unnoticed or...

‣ Naturaleza y objetivos de la política de población

Davis, Kingsley
Fonte: CELADE Publicador: CELADE
Português
Incluye Bibliografía; Traducción del artículo The nature and purpose of population policy, publicado en: California's twenty million research contribution to population policy, University of California, 1971; Previa una caracterizacion de las politicas modernas de poblacion y de los problemas socio-culturales que estas plantean, se analizan las fuentes de imperfeccion de las mismas con enfasis en las experiencias en torno al control de la natalidad. Se destaca la dificultad de conciliar metas individuales y colectivas, la falacia de intentar regular las tendencias demograficas nacionales exclusivamente a traves de medidas individuales como la planificacion familiar y el no considerar la influencia determinante de los factores economicos y sociales en la natalidad. Finalmente se discute la posibilidad de implementar politicas a nivel estadual analizando el caso de California, Estados Unidos

‣ Excerpt from the Rapprteur's Report Document E

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português