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‣ Clinical and histological characteristics of HIV and hepatitis C virus-co-infected patients in Brazil: a case series study; Características clínicas e histológicas de pacientes co-infectados pelo HIV e vírus da hepatite C no Brasil: estudo de uma série de casos

MENDES-CORREA, Maria Cássia; WIDMAN, Azzo; BRUSSI, Maria Luiza Paes; GUASTINI, Cristina Fátima; CAVALHEIRO, Norma de Paula; MELO, Carlos Eduardo; BARONE, Antonio Alci; GIANINI, Reinaldo José
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
347.10812%
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an important factor contributing to morbidity and mortality in patients co-infected with HIV and HCV. In addition, liver biopsy is an important tool in the clinical management of these patients. Although liver biopsy is controversial, it is recommended for all patients. Data regarding the clinical and histological characteristics of these patients are scarce not only in Brazil but in Latin America as a whole. With the goal of better understanding these characteristics and the benefit of liver biopsy indications in this disease setting, data collected from 234 patients followed from 1996 to 2004 at Casa da AIDS, São Paulo, were analyzed. The following variables were extracted from the patients' medical files at the time of liver biopsy: sex, age, hepatitis C infection risk factors, hepatitis C infection duration, ALT levels, CD4+ T cell counts, history of alcohol abuse, history of antiretroviral therapy, HCV genotype, and liver histological alterations. CONCLUSIONS: 1 - Hepatitis C virus 1 and 3 were the most frequently identified genotypes and were diagnosed in 72% and 25.5% of cases respectively; 2 - Structural liver alterations were found to be mild or absent in 48.2% (113/234) of the analyzed patients; 3 - Fifty-three patients (23%) had normal ALT levels and 4 - Significant liver architectural changes (F2-F3) were evident in 22.5% of the patients with normal ALT levels.; A infecção causada pelo vírus da hepatite C (VHC) constitui importante causa de morbidade e mortalidade entre pacientes co-infectados pelo HIV e VHC. A indicação da realização de biópsia hepática nesses pacientes é controversa...

‣ Clinical and histological characteristics of HIV and hepatitis C virus-co-infected patients in Brazil: a case series study

Mendes-Correa,Maria Cássia; Widman,Azzo; Brussi,Maria Luiza Paes; Guastini,Cristina Fátima; Cavalheiro,Norma de Paula; Melo,Carlos Eduardo; Barone,Antonio Alci; Gianini,Reinaldo José
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Tropical Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
347.10812%
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an important factor contributing to morbidity and mortality in patients co-infected with HIV and HCV. In addition, liver biopsy is an important tool in the clinical management of these patients. Although liver biopsy is controversial, it is recommended for all patients. Data regarding the clinical and histological characteristics of these patients are scarce not only in Brazil but in Latin America as a whole. With the goal of better understanding these characteristics and the benefit of liver biopsy indications in this disease setting, data collected from 234 patients followed from 1996 to 2004 at Casa da AIDS, São Paulo, were analyzed. The following variables were extracted from the patients' medical files at the time of liver biopsy: sex, age, hepatitis C infection risk factors, hepatitis C infection duration, ALT levels, CD4+ T cell counts, history of alcohol abuse, history of antiretroviral therapy, HCV genotype, and liver histological alterations. CONCLUSIONS: 1 - Hepatitis C virus 1 and 3 were the most frequently identified genotypes and were diagnosed in 72% and 25.5% of cases respectively; 2 - Structural liver alterations were found to be mild or absent in 48.2% (113/234) of the analyzed patients; 3 - Fifty-three patients (23%) had normal ALT levels and 4 - Significant liver architectural changes (F2-F3) were evident in 22.5% of the patients with normal ALT levels.