Página 22 dos resultados de 1719 itens digitais encontrados em 0.044 segundos

‣ Performance strategies for the knowledge driven built environment : the Singapore case

Aw, Tuan Kee Donald, 1971-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 111 leaves; 4750400 bytes; 4750204 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The Internet and Technology Revolution has created a new business environment, one in which traditional business rules are being challenged, and even repudiated. Information Communication Technology (ICT) has made a major impact to many business sectors, ranging from retail, stock trading, banking, logistics and the built environment. It has created new market opportunities for governments, companies, and offers existing businesses new ways to reach out to customers and to deliver services more effectively, often at lower costs. It has also allowed businesses to transcend geographical boundaries and enter new global markets. Clearly, this new environment poses new business challenges, and governments must now quickly figure out how to identify ICT opportunities and effectively compete in the new economy. Pervasive adoption of ICT will have an important multiplier effect for the economy through the transforming the way people live and boosting the way companies and industries do business. As a country, Singapore must also effectively address the challenges of the new economy. The vision is to position Singapore as a trusted global hub in the Internet economy, one in which ICT plays a dominant role in government, business and consumer transactions. Going forward...

‣ Making decentralization work : building local institutions in Cambodia

Pagaran, Lourdes N. (Lourdes Navaro), 1957-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 217 leaves; 16708414 bytes; 16708174 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This dissertation examines the dynamics of decentralization in a highly centralized, institutionally constrained, and externally resource-dependent environment. It uses a case study of Seila, a decentralization program in Cambodia, based on extensive fieldwork from 1996 to 1999. Initiated in 1996 by UNDP, the Seila program took a different path from other rural development programs by working through established provincial and local development structures on a pilot basis in five Cambodian provinces. It provided grants to target communes and selected sector along with the introduction of decentralized systems and mechanisms and the provision of capacity building at provincial and local levels. The findings of this study suggest that the Seila program has been able to establish decentralized systems and mechanisms to deliver local services and to influence macro level policy reforms on decentralization in three ways: by a delicate balancing act between process and output, by developing capacity and institutional networking at various levels, and by gaining support of various key institutional actors including provincial and local authorities, central government, donor agencies, and NGOs. The literature on fiscal federalism and on participatory and governance focuses on the primacy of either process or output. Contrary to these views...

‣ Congestion pricing in cities of the developing world : exploring prospects in Mexico City

Mahendra, Anjali, 1977-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 143 leaves; 2436353 bytes; 2590084 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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(cont.) academics, researchers, and practitioners interested in improving transportation and air quality in the region. The survey shows that there is hesitation in considering any such policy in the MCMA without prior improvements in public transport. In light of these findings, we have outlined the complicated issues surrounding implementation, with recommendations for a course of action given the current policy agenda. The findings presented in this thesis can be used by decision makers in Mexico City to design a set of policies for improving mobility, with a better understanding of the issues surrounding congestion pricing.; Car ownership in many large cities of the developing world is rapidly increasing with rising incomes, and is accompanied by traffic gridlock, travel delays, and deteriorating air quality. The policy of congestion pricing to manage growing travel demand has been implemented with varying degrees of success in some developed countries. This thesis explores the applicability of congestion pricing in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA). Current transportation policies in the MCMA were studied, with an analysis of the factors causing increased demand for private transport. Of the many forms in which congestion pricing may be implemented...

‣ Regional economic function analysis of U.S. foreign-trade zones

Otsubo, Hirotoshi
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 88 leaves; 5295600 bytes; 5299783 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Foreign-Trade Zones (FTZs) are defined as designated areas in the United States where foreign merchandise is considered to be international commerce and not subject to U.S. customs duties unless or until it enters into the U.S. market. The original purpose of the FTZ program was to generate new business and employment in the United States by encouraging foreign trade, especially export and transshipment trade. Since the early 1980s, the program has grown in popularity in terms of the number of FTZs established and the value of goods traded through them. Meanwhile, the program has shifted its primary function from export promotion to import promotion. Today, offshoring manufacturers, such as oil refineries and auto-assembly plants, are the major beneficiaries of the program. They can reduce the payment of customs duties by converting high-duty imported materials into low-duty finished products under FTZ procedures. This import-oriented activity is enabled by the liberality of the FTZ Act and administrative support from the FTZ Board. FTZ #27, located around Boston Harbor, is not an exception. Since the late 1990s, this zone has amplified its function in import promotion by accommodating several distributors, including BOSFUEL and Reebok. Under FTZ procedures...

‣ Financing alternative development through double bottom line private equity funds & a real estate social investment framework; Financing alternative developments through DBL private equity funds & a real estate social investment framework

Levy, Jeffrey Elliot
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 156 p.; 10568356 bytes; 10577213 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The post-WWII period has seen a radical change in the growth patterns and composition of American cities, as a decentralized form of real estate development, conventional development, has become the dominant real estate development paradigm. As conventional development has become pervasive it has contributed to a host of negative economic, social, and environmental impacts. Growing dissatisfaction and concern over these negative impacts has given rise to development models that seek to accommodate the demand for new built space through alternative spatial forms, development locations, development practices, and development products. Collectively called "alterative development", these development models seek to minimize or eliminate potential negative social and environmental externalities caused by real estate development. While alternative development has gained some traction in the real estate development industry, it still faces significant barriers. Chief among these barriers is the lack of access to reasonably priced debt and equity capital. As the availability of financial capital is one of the key factors determining what gets built, when, and where, the lack of access to capital for alternative development has profound effects on the economic...

‣ Building on lessons learned : too high hopes without HOPE VI?

Wang, Kristen J
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 82 leaves
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By providing substantial grants to public housing authorities to demolish and rebuild distressed public housing and provide services to public housing residents, the HOPE VI program has helped transform these developments and their surrounding communities since 1992. HOPE VI has not only brought public and private investment to distressed neighborhoods but also has played an important role in increasing development capacity for housing authorities and HUD. In spite of the successful completion of many projects in the last decade, arguments have been made that HOPE VI is not only too expensive and too slow but is no longer needed. Housing advocates have also argued that there are programmatic flaws that must be reformed. The Bush Administration has sought to cut HOPE VI from the federal budget for the last four fiscal years. Congress has reinstated it each year, albeit at lower and lower funding levels, but the future of HOPE VI is uncertain at best. As the only funding program specifically designed to meet the needs of distressed public housing and its very low-income residents, HOPE VI is not easily replaced.; (cont.) Despite the challenges, many housing authorities and their partners are attempting to assemble funding for desperately needed public housing redevelopment projects. Interviews with housing authorities...

‣ Building community capacity in the rebuilding of New Orleans : the role of philanthropic funders post-Katrina

Bavishi, Jainey K. (Jainey Kumar)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 63 p.
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How can funders strengthen community capacity in post-Katrina New Orleans? Residents of low-income, minority neighborhoods have historically faced government neglect, and consequently distrust decisionmakers, in a city of extreme race and class segregation. These communities are now being overlooked in a market-driven rebuilding process. Based on a tradition of self-determination, groups across the city are fighting to meet new needs. With massive institutional failure at all levels, philanthropy could support these groups. The purpose of this thesis is to help the Gulf Coast Funders for Equity, a consortium committed to more equitable redevelopment, think strategically about how to allocate resources to strengthen these groups, some of which form, struggle, and evaporate before funders can reach them. I use a mixed-method case study approach: in-depth interviews with key informants; review of media coverage and documentary sources; and a secondary review of comparable approaches. First, to sharpen the rationale for community capacity building, I examine the pre- and post-storm roles and contributions of informal groups in New Orleans. These groups serve as nodes of trust, support and enthusiasm in overlooked communities.; (cont.) Second...

‣ Sheltering in place : the limits of integrative bargaining following industrial accidents

Macey, Gregg P
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 289 p.
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This study grew out of an interest in environmental justice and the unique problems faced by neighborhoods located near petrochemical facilities. It also focuses on negotiation theory and how it can be applied under an increasingly diverse array of circumstances. I sketch the roots of the concept of integrative bargaining and how it emerged as a powerful yet limited tool for meeting the interests of stakeholders in multi-party contexts. Specifically, I demonstrate how research into the structure of conflict, with origins in contract and game theory, encouraged a new profession that focuses much of its time, paradoxically, on matters of agency, such as the strategic elements widely viewed as conducive to a Pareto efficient outcome. In an effort to encourage a renewed focus on structure, I show how in a highly institutionalized setting, which for my dissertation included the causes and immediate consequences of an accidental toxic emission by a chemical processing facility, much of the integrative potential of the negotiations that follow is removed from potential discussion or even discovery before mediators and the parties involved begin to address root causes.; (cont.) New roles for mediators, and why it is as important to focus on limiting the narrowing effects of structuration as it is to try and expand the initial offer space...

‣ Networked governance : China's changing approach to transboundary environmental management; China's changing approach to transboundary environmental management

Nielsen, Erik, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 2 v. (301 leaves)
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Not long ago, China's environmental problems would have barely mattered beyond its borders. Now, while Chinese policy-makers have begun to tackle a wide range of domestic environmental challenges, the transboundary impact of China's domestic environmental difficulties deserves greater attention. Although China has historically neglected the transboundary impacts of its environmental problems, state actors are increasingly focusing on transboundary environmental relations. Based upon extensive field research in the Mekong Region, I have identified a number of situations in which China has sought to engage in transboundary environmental management. However, at the same time, in the same region, I have identified other situations where it has not been willing to take its transboundary environmental management responsibilities seriously. This dissertation seeks to explain this pattern of behavior. In particular, my assumption is that under certain circumstances, non-state actors, including civil society organizations and multilaterals, operating both inside China and in the world-at-large, through a process I call networked governance, are able to influence China's willingness to take its transboundary environmental responsibilities seriously. This research suggests it is increasingly important for these external non-state actors to better understand the mechanisms they can utilize to engage China's decision-makers in collaboratively managing transboundary natural resources. The Chinese central government is slowly relinquishing its role of supreme decision-maker. The Mekong Region is a complex web of inter-organizational networks that reach out...

‣ "Sometimes it's hard here to call someone to ask for help" : social capital in a refugee community in Portland, Maine; Social capital in a refugee community in Portland, Maine

Allen, Ryan P
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 143 p.
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Though they represent a small proportion of the total immigrant population in the U.S., refugees play a significant role in many cities and towns that have recently received substantial numbers of refugees but have little experience with immigrants. Despite their access to temporary resettlement services funded by the federal government, refugees experience constant and intense needs that are rarely fulfilled by formal assistance alone. Since most refugees lack strong social networks, they typically rebuild their social networks and use them for informal support after they arrive in the U.S. Because refugees are such extreme cases, I argue that focusing on their experiences offers important insights into how individuals create and use social capital, and what effect it has on various outcomes in their lives. This dissertation uses a mixed-methods approach to examine three distinct facets of social capital in the lives of refugees living in a non-gateway city. Multiple regression models reveal that social capital can affect earnings positively for male refugees, but negatively for female refugees. The different ways that male and female refugees experience social norms and reciprocal obligations that accompany social capital help to explain these divergent outcomes. When choosing which social ties to ask for assistance...

‣ Sustainable construction in Mexican housing markets

Jung, Bomee
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 81 p.
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This thesis examines recent developments in Mexico's housing markets as an example of how sustainable construction is being adapted and applied in developing countries. The recognition that the construction, operation, and demolition of buildings greatly impact the environment has spurred industry and government alike to examine ways to foster sustainability in the construction and property development industry. Mexico has made progress in addressing sustainability in low-cost housing through public sector-sponsored pilot programs, at a time when the developer-produced low-cost housing market is experiencing dramatic growth. I examine the state of the art of sustainable construction in Mexico and ask: What are the barriers to the wide-spread adoption of sustainable construction in housing? How have programs for energy and environmental sustainability engaged these challenges? What conditions suggest additional approaches to promote sustainable low-cost housing? Over four months in Mexico, I conducted semi-structured interviews of about thirty professionals in the development industry. The interviews suggest that consumers don't value environmental performance, but rather size and amenities; sustainable construction costs more to build...

‣ Low income housing tax credit properties : non-profit disposition strategies in the Commonwealth; LIHTC properties : non-profit disposition strategies in the Commonwealth

Lew-Hailer, Lillian
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 107 p.
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This thesis examines how non-profit owners in Massachusetts have maintained affordability and ownership of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) properties after the initial fifteen-year compliance period, at the lowest possible cost. The intent is two-fold: to inform non-profit project sponsors about strategies leading to low-cost outcomes, and to advocate for policies that promote such low-cost outcomes. The impacts of the players in LIHTC deals, Massachusetts state policy, the original capital structure, and legal partnership arrangements on the strategies that non-profit owners can pursue to maintain control of tax credit properties are considered. Specific outcomes described include bargain sale and charitable contribution, debt-plus-taxes or right of first refusal, and transfer of the limited partnership interest. Themes include the tension between for- and non-profit partners, public and private interests, and federal and state policies. Because the LIHTC is administered on a state-by-state basis, the Massachusetts regulatory environment and state housing resources play a central role in shaping disposition outcomes in the Commonwealth.; (cont.) This thesis looks at how the recent lack of recapitalization funding for LIHTC properties has revealed an opportunity for the Commonwealth to improve the existing HUD preservation paradigm. Massachusetts' previous policies and current political environment create an opportunity for the state to promote new model of preservation that breaks from the federal paradigm of prodigal public payments to investors. I recommend that the Commonwealth prevents original...

‣ Local debts, international authority : rating agencies' emergence in regulating subnational debt

Sathe, Ommeed S. (Ommeed Sanjay)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 101 p.
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This thesis explores the growth of subnational debt ("SND") and the different regulatory responses to this debt. It focuses on the recent emergence of credit rating agencies (e.g. Standard & Poor's, Moody's and Fitch) as an alternative regulatory mechanism, which has the potential to stabilize these markets, improve risk pricing, and alter traditional conceptions of local governance. The first chapter traces SND's long legacy of debt defaults, federal bailouts, and improperly priced risk; as well as the profound benefits that SND can provide to local governments, particularly as a means of resisting the siren song of privatization. Unfortunately, it finds that conventional strategies for regulating SND - including federal oversight, financial rules and market discipline - have not properly balanced these trade offs and have left lingering moral hazards, overly restricted debt markets, and a legacy of mispricing. The second chapter examines the emergence of debt rating agencies in Mexico as a possible alternative. It traces their growth, particularly the role of domestic and international agreements, their methodology, and their historic accuracy. It finds that they should improve debt pricing and obviate moral hazards when compared to existing regulatory interventions.; (cont.) However...

‣ Asian real estate investment : data utilization for the decision making process

Huh, Keun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 47 leaves
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Many investors in developed countries believe the Asian emerging market to be highly risky due to numerous uncertainties including limited market information to make sound investment decisions. However, still successful investment deals were completed by many investors who are already in such markets, and how those investors make sound investment decisions is in need on explanation. Therefore, this thesis explores institutional real estate investors' behavior on entrance to Asian emerging markets, their investment decision making process, and data utilization within each process. Through 14 qualitative in-depth interviews with key institutional investors in the U.S. and Korea, investment decision making processes and data utilization behaviors are examined and summarized in a generalized format. Interview results indicate that an initial entrance to Asian emerging markets occurs rather through a passive introduction of a potential deal by third party than an active search for a target deal by the investor. Also, the general decision-making process for real estate investment starts from sourcing and sorting, followed by review of a potential deal, primary investment committee meeting, due diligence, secondary investment committee meeting...

‣ Changing gear : driving corporate real estate financing decisions for the agile workplace

Hardy, Trevor J. F. (Trevor John Fraser), 1977-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 142 p.; 14729494 bytes; 25573309 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Given the needs of corporations in the global business environment, corporate real estate investment decisions represent strategic choices that support a company's overall business strategy. This thesis clearly illustrates that, contrary to the Modigliani Miller theorem, companies do face real trade-offs in deciding how they finance their real estate investments. Notwithstanding the need to customize decisions on behalf of the business unit customers and to ensure that these choices are economically sound within a given region, there are significant factors that drive real estate decision makers to make a particular financing decision. By analyzing these factors in relation to the financing alternatives available a comprehensive framework of decision drivers is developed to aid eRE managers in gathering relevant information in order to evaluate the overall effectiveness and trade-offs associated ,with each alternative. Through a series of case studies it is then shown that financing decisions which optimize the real estate portfolio 1) clearly reflect the financial and operational requirements of both the company and business units; 2) are very much part of a larger portfolio wide corporate real estate strategy, which is closely allied to the company's overall corporate strategy; 3) take into account the perspectives of other role players (IT...

‣ OpenLS for indoor positioning : strategies for standardizing location based services for indoor use; Open location-based services for indoor positioning

Kolodziej, Krzysztof W., 1978-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 212 p.; 19345519 bytes; 19371426 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The combination of location positioning technologies such as GPS and initiatives like the US Federal Communications Commission's E911 telecommunication initiatives has generated a lot of interest in applications and services that are a function of a user's location, referred to as location-based services (LBS). However, despite GPS technology and the positioning capabilities of cellular network such as GSM, millions of square meters of indoor space are out of reach of these systems. A multitude of applications and services would also benefit from indoor (in-building) positioning and navigation. Fortunately, over the past decade, advances in location positioning technology have made it possible to locate objects indoors (in-building). These alternative technologies are now being introduced to the market enabling many kinds of indoor LBS applications. While a start, these standalone applications are unlikely to make a large impact on the marketplace, for a number of reasons discussed in this thesis. The argument of this thesis is that in order for indoor LBS to become widely used, there is a need for both the infrastructure investment and the "killer" application (or at least a collection of sufficiently valuable applications). Without the LBS application the market will not invest in infrastructure...

‣ Successful public sector enforcement of environmental standards in the Toritama Jeans industry in Pernambuco, Brazil

Lazarte, Maria Ella J
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 74 p.; 5026275 bytes; 5029215 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Non-observance of environmental standards among small firms in traditional industries such as garment, footwear, furniture and tanneries have caused major environmental degradation in many places throughout the world. Because these firms provide significant employment and income in poor regions and often work under financial and technical constraints, the public sector and donors alike often exempt them from environmental, tax, and labor legislation. I chose to study a case in which the outcome was different, in which small firms in a highly informal garment industry to improve environmental conditions. This paper explores why and how did public agencies begin to enforce environmental and worker safety standards in 2001 among small firms that have largely been exempted from such standards for many years? I argue that: 1.) the local residents' complaints to both the Public Ministry and CPRH aligned with these two agencies' current interests of actively enforcing environmental legislation throughout the state of Pernambuco; 2.) the Public Ministry bolstered CPRH's presence through legal pressure using the Terms of Conduct Adjustment (TAC) to elicit firm support and compliance and CPRH provided important technical assistance; and lastly 3.) the Public Ministry and CPRH elicited key support from the private sector to convince other firms by working with one of the largest firms and offering financial and technical assistance to help firms comply with rigid requirements.; by Maria Ella J. Lazarte.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

‣ Solar capabilities : promoting, technological learning in South Africa's photovoltaic supply industry

Wright, Janelle N., 1978-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 67 p.; 4064797 bytes; 4064602 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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I explore the mechanisms through which technological capabilities have been built in the market for photovoltaic (PV) module and balance of system (BOS) manufacture in South Africa. Drawing on the literature on technology transfer and economic development, my aim is to identify the relative influence of three types of learning mechanisms - enterprise specific, supplier driven, and government induced - on the acquisition of technological capabilities in firms. Qualitative case studies provide the context through which the influence of each learning mechanism is assessed. My research suggests that South African firms rely far more heavily on learning relationships associated with their suppliers, than learning derived from human resources internal to the firm or the policy and regulatory framework promoted by the national government. South Africa's approach differs greatly from latecomer countries with more advanced module manufacturing industries: in India, for example, local firms have relied heavily on government policy and regulation to facilitate their entrance into more technologically complex areas of operation. The implications of this finding are discussed, and recommendations put forth for how the national government can bolster industrial learning activities.; by Janelle N. Wright.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

‣ A light in the dark : labor reform in Guatemala during the FRG administration, 2000-2004

Fuentes, Alberto (Alberto Jose)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 128 p.
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Recent literature on Latin America has highlighted cases of reform by the region's governments to increase State regulation of the labor market, offset the detrimental effects of the so-called Washington Consensus, and promote economic development. In Guatemala however, the FRG Presidential administration (2000 - 2004) seemed an unlikely candidate for this task. Linked to the military and marked by a conservative record, the FRG administration was surrounded by scandals of corruption, poor national economic performance, soaring crime rates and eroding approval ratings. Surprisingly, while in power the FRG enacted and implemented the two far-reaching labor reforms that are the subject of this thesis. The first was a legal reform to the Labor Code and the second was an administrative reform of the Labor Inspection. Most importantly, the two reforms sought to increase State regulation over the labor market, and both had substantial effects in terms of enhanced State regulatory capacity. As the thesis argues, the FRG labor reforms were possible because, unlike the governments preceding (e.g. PAN) and following it (i.e. GANA), the FRG was able to exclude the largest private conglomerates in the country ("the Big Boys") and their followers in the national peak business organization CACIF from influencing and controlling the Executive branch of government.; (cont.) In the past...

‣ Power to the people : a framework for enhancing environmental stewardship through community design; Framework for enhancing environmental stewardship through community design

Rosenfeld, Mathias
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 114 p.
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The actions and activities of average Americans contribute greatly to global warming, fossil fuel consumption, natural resource depletion, and other environmentally-related threats to humankind. Currently, the negative impacts of these actions are most commonly addressed through "green" design strategies that utilize largely technological solutions to increase the resource efficiency of the built environment. However, "green" design as currently comprised is insufficient; while it effectively reduces the amount of resources consumed in households, it fails to address the wasteful and inefficient actions of the building occupants themselves. A number of deeply ingrained psychological and behavioral qualities contribute to the general failure of individuals to change their behaviors and become more effective environmental stewards. Such human qualities are reinforced by residential design and development patterns that disconnect people from natural systems and resources, mask the consequences of environmental neglect, and perpetuate cycles of environmental disinvestment. This thesis explores the potential of using residential design as a medium for confronting these human qualities to instill a desire and provide the ability to protect and conserve natural resources...