Últimos itens adicionados do Acervo: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe

A Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe (CEPAL) foi criada em 1948 pelo Conselho Econômico e Social das Nações Unidas com o objetivo de incentivar a cooperação econômica entre os seus membros. Ela é uma das cinco comissões econômicas da Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU) e possui 44 estados e oito territórios não independentes como membros.

Página 24 dos resultados de 37166 itens digitais encontrados em 0.007 segundos

‣ Roads towards gender equity in Latin America and the Caribbean

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; Edición en español ingresada en Biblioteca (97150); The last two decades have witnessed far-reaching changes wrought by the influx of women into the public sphere. The results of these events include shifts in the labour market, educational achievements, significant decreases in fertility rates and a resulting modification in relationships within the family and major -though still insufficient- progress in terms of women's participation in decision-making. Nevertheless, most men still do not share in household work or in the array of unpaid care-giving activities entailed by membership in a community and society, and the outcome is that women still bear most of the burden of domestic work. Reconciling the public and private spheres poses challenges in terms of values and behaviours, and public policies are therefore required to promote the redistribution of family responsibilities between men and women. On another front, new institutions have been created as part of complex processes of State reform. Legislative changes have given rise to opportunities and challenges, particularly in terms of the genuine and integral exercise of women's human rights. New knowledge and a wide range of policy experiences demonstrate that gender equality has positive effects on development. In this regard...

‣ Women's contribution to equality in Latin America and the Caribbean: draft annotated index

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography

‣ Informe nacional de monitoreo de la eficiencia energética de la República de Chile, 2014

Fonte: CEPAL Publicador: CEPAL
Português
En los países de América Latina y el Caribe, la calidad de las estadísticas e indicadores de desempeño que permiten cuantificar los resultados de los programas nacionales de eficiencia energética ha sido insuficiente. Para superar esta carencia, la CEPAL ha articulado el Programa Regional BIEE (Base de Indicadores de Eficiencia Energética para América Latina y el Caribe). Siguiendo el proceso técnico-político y la lógica de funcionamiento del programa de análisis y medición de la eficiencia energética más exitoso del mundo, el Programa ODYSSEE desarrollado por la Comisión Europea y gestionado por la agencia Francesa: ADEME (Agence de l'Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l'Energie), y con la expectativa de producir un conjunto de indicadores específicos metodológicamente consistentes, que permitan medir la evolución de los programas nacionales de eficiencia energética, analizar los resultados en el tiempo y - como consecuencia - tomar las decisiones de políticas que correspondan, desde la CEPAL se ha encarado la labor de capacitar y coordinar la acción de los países de la región con miras a desarrollar una herramienta común que facilite esta labor.

‣ The Implications of the European Union's EBA for the Caribbean

Fonte: ECLAC, Subregional Headquarters for the Caribbean Publicador: ECLAC, Subregional Headquarters for the Caribbean
Tipo: Texto
Português

‣ Citizens' participation and enhancing their active involvement in air pollution control in Latin America

Jacobi, Pedro Roberto
Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português
Includes bibliography

‣ Gobernabilidad e integración financiera: ámbito global y regional

Fonte: CEPAL Publicador: CEPAL
Português
Incluye Bibliografía; Resumen La Conferencia Internacional sobre la Financiación para el Desarrollo, celebrada en Monterrey entre el 18 y el 22 de marzo del 2002, marcó un hito en la historia de cooperación para el desarrollo de la comunidad internacional. En los preparativos de la Conferencia y durante su desarrollo, los 50 países representados por Jefes de Estado y los más de 200 representados por Ministros de Relaciones Exteriores recalcaron la importancia de la cooperación internacional y destacaron los nuevos desafíos que conlleva el cambio de la composición de las fuentes de financiamiento internacional, que han dejado de ser oficiales para ser mayoritariamente privadas. En el presente trabajo se hace hincapié en la vulnerabilidad de las economías en desarrollo a la volatilidad de las fuentes privadas de financiamiento externo, acentuada por la incapacidad de sus frágiles sistemas financieros internos y de las débiles instituciones multilaterales de Bretton Woods para prevenir y administrar crisis financieras internacionales. En los artículos incluidos en este volumen se propone dar un fuerte impulso al rediseño de la arquitectura financiera internacional, así como a la búsqueda de ideas para llevarlo a la práctica. Dados el espacio político en que se produjo este importante evento internacional y los esfuerzos realizados por las Naciones Unidas...

‣ Fostering economic policy coordination in Latin America: the REDIMA approach to escaping the prisoner's dilemma

Ghymers, Christian
Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; This work attempts to assemble and synthesize some results of the first phase (2000-2003) of the REDIMA project implemented in Latin America by ECLAC in cooperation with the European Commission, which provided technical support as well as co-financing for the project. REDIMA is the acronym of the Spanish and Portuguese name of the Macroeconomic Dialogue Network (Red de Diálogo Macroeconómico), which was conceived and implemented in the three main subregions of Latin America between the end of 2000 and end of 2003 by the ECLAC- United Nations headquarters in Santiago, Chile. This volume is intended mainly for Latin American experts involved in setting the macroeconomic policies of their respective countries, but it should also be of interest to a broader public concerned with regional integration options and strategies. It aims to provide some useful elements for addressing specific issues related to coordinating policies among sovereign nations in a world undergoing globalization and subject to increasing uncertainty. It is not constructed as an analytic treatise. The book has a twofold objective: to provide clear positions regarding options for Latin American integration (on the basis of the author's personal analysis...

‣ Mondialisation et développement: un regard de l'Amérique Latine et des Caraïbes

Fonte: CEPALC Publicador: CEPALC
Português
Inclut la bibliographie; Avant-propos La pensée latino-américaine est, selon certains, une éternelle tentative de concilier modernisation et identité. Dès sa création, la CEPALC a participé à cette démarche et a proposé, à la lumière de la spécificité des situations régionales, de transformer le processus de production dans un climat d'équité sociale et, plus récemment, de pérennité de l'environnement. Cette tâche s'inscrit désormais dans le contexte de la mondialisation, qui est également le fil conducteur de ce livre. Il s'agit donc d'une analyse critique des possibilités que la mondialisation offre au monde en développement, mais aussi des asymétries et des risques qui peuvent accompagner ce processus et freiner le développement faute de disposer d'un cadre institutionnel adéquat aux échelons national, régional et mondial. s'il est vrai que les considérations conceptuelles de base utilisées ici concernent une région particulière du monde en développement, à savoir l'Amérique latine et les Caraïbes, cette réflexion prétend aborder un champ analytique plus vaste qui pourrait intéresser d'autres régions. La mondialisation économique est un processus profondément enraciné dans L'histoire. La phase actuelle du processus présente...

‣ Fernando Fajnzylber: una visión renovadora del desarrollo en América Latina

Fonte: CEPAL Publicador: CEPAL
Português
Incluye Bibliografía; Untitled Document Presentación El estructuralismo latinoamericano es ampliamente reconocido como una escuela de pensamiento que mostró gran capacidad para describir, con agudeza y originalidad, los problemas del desarrollo económico y social de la región y mostró también vocación y aptitud para formular propuestas de políticas para superarlos. Una característica menos comentada de esta escuela es su lucidez para captar, desde su aparición, en las postrimerías de la década de 1940, hasta nuestros días, los cambios que se fueron sucediendo, tanto en la órbita interna de nuestros países como en su entorno exterior, y la consecuente virtud de ser capaz de revisar y actualizar sus diagnósticos y reformular sus recomendaciones de política. La obra de Fernando Fajnzylber es una de las muestras más elocuentes de ese potencial de permanente renovación y perfeccionamiento. Aunque tuvo temprana experiencia académica y en política económica gubernamental, fue en un corto período, de menos de 20 años, desempeñándose en varios organismos internacionales, que Fernando estudió la encrucijada en que se encontraba el desarrollo de nuestros países e identificó los rasgos cruciales del desafío económico y social por entonces emergente. Son bien recordadas sus contribuciones acerca del papel de la innovación tecnológica en el desarrollo...

‣ Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 1999-2000

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; Foreword The Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean, 1999-2000 is the fifty-second edition in this series and incorporates a number of changes in methodology and format. In addition, a new methodology that was introduced in the preceding edition is being used for the country studies (Parts Two and Three). This methodology is based on national ac counts statistics expressed in the local currency, rather than United States dollars, and uses the base year employed by the relevant country. The chapters on regional issues (Part One) use statistics expressed in dollars and take 1995 as the base year for calculations at constant prices. In order to correct for seasonal variations, the 12-month rate of inflation has been used, rather than annualized monthly rates, in computing the real interest rates shown in table 2 of the country studies. The modifications that were introduced in 1995 in the Survey's coverage of regional economic conditions have been maintained in this edition. Once again, the Survey has been published in a single volume consisting of three parts. Part One presents an overview of the regional economy in 1999 and the first half of 2000. This summary has also been published as a separate document. The other six chapters in Part One review the region's economic performance in 1999...

‣ Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 1998-1999

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; The Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean, 1998-1999 is the first edition in this series. A new methodology has also been used in the preparation of the country studies (parts Two and Three). This methodology is based on national accounts statistics denominated in the local currency and uses the base year employed by the relevant country , rather than figures in United States dollars. The statistical information used in the chapters on regional issues (Part One) is denominated in dollars, as in previous years, and 1995 is used as the base year for the calculations at constant prices. Apart from these changes, the modifications that were introduced in 1995 in the Survey's coverage of regional economic conditions have been maintained in this edition. Once again, the Survey has been published in a single volume consisting of three parts. Part One presents an overview ofthe regional economy in 1998 and the first ha1f of 1999. This sunmary has also been published as a separate document. The other six chapters in Part One review the economic performance of the region in 1998 and go on to analyse selected aspects of the economic situation during the first half of 1999. The eighth chapter assesses the impact ofthe global financial crisis on the region's economies. Part Two presents reports on the performance of the 20 countries of Latin America during 1998 and includes information on the first quarter of 1999. Part Three is devoted to an analysis of the economic situation in the countries of the English-speaking Caribbean.

‣ Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2003-2004

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; This year's Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean is the fifty-sixth edition in this series. It is divided into two parts. The first analyses the main features of the regional economy, while the second examines the situation in the individual countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Part one deals with the performance of the region's economy and begns with an introduction that summarizes recent trends and the challenges faced by economic policy-makers. The following chapters are devoted to the international situation and the external sector, macroeconomic (fiscal, exchange-rate and monetary) policy and regional trends in the level of economic activity, inflation, employment and wages. In order to strengthen the analyses presented in the Economic Survey, two additional contributions have been incorporated which take an in-depth look at key elements of the region's economic development and are also related to its performance in the short term. The chapter on economic policy also includes a section on the sustainability of the public debt, a major issue for many countries in the region that has become increasingly important in recent years. The first part of the Survey concludes with a chapter that offers a comparative analysis of the region's economic growth from a medium-term perspective. Part two provides overviews of macroeconomic policies and trends in the Latin American and Caribbean countries in 2003 and the first half of 2004.

‣ Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2004-2005

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; This year's edition of the Economic survey of Latin America and the Caribbeanis the fifty-seventh in this series. It is divided into two parts. The first analyses the main features of the regional economy, while the second examines the situation in the individual countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. The full statistical appendix is published in electronic format for ease of data processing. Part one deals with the performance of the region's economy as a whole and begins with an introductory section that analyses recent changes in some aspects of the region's trade linkages and financial position. This section then goes on to discuss the macroeconomic policies being pursued by many of the countries, together with their implications for the region's growth. The following chapters are devoted to the international situation and the external sector, macroeconomic (fiscal, exchange-rate and monetary) policy, and the region's performance (level of economic activity, inflation, employment and wages). It includes sidebar boxes on such issues as the restructuring of Argentina's external debt and the progress being made under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative. These analyses highlight important factors in the current economic environment and...

‣ Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2006-2007

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; Incluye CD-ROM; ECLAC has been publishing the Economic Survey for 59 years now. The first edition of this report was drawn up under the Executive Secretary's supervision at the behest of the Commission, which requested that an economic survey of Latin America be prepared. That document was the new Economic Commission's first contribution to an understanding of the region's development process. The Survey thus embodies the Commission's fulfilment of one of the specific purposes for which it was created by undertaking or sponsoring the collection, evaluation and dissemination of ... economic, technological and statistical information... on the region. In fact, the former Director of the Central Bank of Argentina, Raúl Prebisch, arrived in Santiago as a consultant to work on the 1948 edition of the Economic Survey. Ever since then, the Survey has served as a witness and as a leading actor in the economic development of Latin America and the Caribbean. This flagship publication of ECLAC, which Alberto Hirschman once described as the Latin American manifest is one of the most frequently quoted reports of its kind in the region. As the sixtieth anniversary of the Economic Survey for Latin America and the Caribbean approaches...

‣ Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2007-2008: Macroeconomic policy and volatility

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; This 2007-2008 edition of the Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean comes 60 years after the first session of ECLAC, when the Executive Secretary of the Commission was mandated by the United Nations Economic and Social Council and the countries attending the session to undertake "the collection, evaluation and dissemination of [...] economic, technological and statistical information" on the region with a view to preparing "an economic survey of Latin America". The first report drawn up in fulfillment of that mandate was seen as a first step in what was already recognized as a long and arduous task: that of producing a comprehensive, well-documented analysis of the economic situation in the region. That formidable task was to become an ongoing one. Indeed, throughout the past sixty years, the Economic Survey has embodied the Commission's perspective on the main economic problems and trends observed in the countries in the region in order to strengthen the capacity of Governments to tackle these issues and, according to the situation in each economy, to draw up a development strategy and adopt policies designed to ensure a steady rise in living standards for the entire population. Thus, the Economic Survey has been a constant witness of economic development in general and...

‣ Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2008-2009: Policies for creating quality jobs

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; The publication of the sixty-first edition of the Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean, corresponding to 2008-2009, comes at a critical point in the economic development of the Latin American and Caribbean region. A growth phase that the region's recent history cannot equal in nature and duration has come to an end and output is contracting. The toll this state of affairs is taking on the well-being of the population will inevitably be reflected in setbacks in social variables. Two traits set the current situation apart from the many crises that have beset the region in decades past. First, this crisis did not originate in the region or even in another emerging economy, but in the world's largest economy, whence the effects spread worldwide, albeit with significant differences among countries and regions. Second, since the countries have (albeit with major exceptions) reduced their debt and built up their reserves during the boom years, the region overall is better prepared than in the past, and than other regions this time around, to tackle the crisis. These traits, in turn, have two implications. First, the rate of contraction forecast for 2009 is relatively moderate although, again, with sharp differences among the countries of the region. Second...

‣ Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2009-2010: The distributive impact of public policies

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; Incluye CD-ROM; In 2009, the economies of Latin America and the Caribbean suffered the onslaught of the global financial crisis and, as a result, the region's GDP shrank by 1.9%. In the second half of the year, however, most of the region's countries were experiencing a robust recovery that has been consolidated in 2010, paving the way for regional GDP to expand by 5.2%. This makes Latin America and the Caribbean, together with the emerging economies of Asia, one of the most dynamic regions in the world. Both internal and external factors are underpinning this positive performance. The most notable external factors include the continued buoyancy of certain key Asian economies, whose sustained demand for the region's products has led to a significant recovery of both the prices and volumes of exports, especially commodities such as metals and minerals, petroleum and certain grains in the case of South America. The —albeit sluggish— recovery of the United States economy, meanwhile, has improved the situation for Mexico and Central America and, inasmuch as it has boosted tourism demand, possibly for the Caribbean as well. For the same reasons, remittances sent by migrant Latin American and Caribbean workers from the United States are also expected to pick up slightly. The growth figures for Europe...

‣ Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2010-2011: Internacional integration and macroeconomic policy challenges amid global economic turmoil

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; After contracting in 2009, GDP expanded by 5.9% in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2010, albeit with the region's hallmark differences in performance from one country to another. The expansion in output was driven by strong domestic demand in the forms of both consumption and investment, and by buoyant external demand. On the domestic demand side, private consumption (up 5.9%) was sustained by an upturn in employment and wages, brightening economic expectations, an expansion in lending to the private sector and, in some countries, an upswing in remittances from emigrant workers. Public consumption rose at a more modest rate of 3.9% and investment jumped by 14.5%, with strong growth in the machinery and equipment segments in particular. On the external demand side, exports of goods and services were especially buoyant —rising by over 10%— in the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) countries, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Mexico and Nicaragua. Meanwhile, imports of goods and services increased by more than 10% at constant prices on the back of robust domestic demand within the region, which rose 7.5%.For 2011, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) projects regional GDP growth of 4.7%...

‣ Current conditions and outlook: Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2001

Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Includes bibliography; Foreword This publication corresponds to the first chapter of the Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean, 2000-2001, and is being published simultaneously in Spanish and English. It provides an assessment of the region's economic performance during the first half of 2001 and of its prospects for the remainder of the year. An analysis is presented of the main aspects of the regional economy -its external sector, macroeconomic policy, levels of economic activity, inflation, employment, saving and investment- together with a statistical appendix containing 14 tables with data series through 2000. Wide distribution of this document, which provides information on economic trends in the region during the first half of the year within the context of the previous year's performance, is intended to serve the purpose previously performed by the Economic Panorama of Latin America, a publication that was issued in September of each year between 1985 and 1996. The full edition of the Survey is to be published in Spanish in August and in English in September. It will be accompanied by a CD-ROM containing tables on the individual countries and the region as a whole.

‣ Situation et perspectives: étude économique de l'Amérique Latine et les Caraïbes 2001

Fonte: CEPALC Publicador: CEPALC
Português