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‣ Single mothers in Ontario: sociodemographic, physical and mental health characteristics

Lipman, E L; Offord, D R; Boyle, M H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/03/1997 Português
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OBJECTIVE: To examine the sociodemographic, physical and mental health characteristics of single mothers in Ontario. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Ontario residents aged 15 years or older who participated in the Ontario Health Supplement survey conducted between December 1990 and April 1991; of 9953 eligible participants, 1540 were mothers with at least 1 dependent child (less than 16 years of age). OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence rates of sociodemographic, physical and mental health characteristics. RESULTS: Single mothers were significantly more likely than the mothers in 2-parent families to be poor, to be 25 years of age or less, to have mental health problems (dissatisfaction with multiple aspects of life, affective disorder ever and 1 or more psychiatric disorders in the past year or ever) and to use mental health services. When compared by income level, poor single mothers had a higher prevalence of all mental health outcomes measured; the difference was significant for anxiety disorder in the past year or ever and for 1 or more psychiatric disorders in the past year or ever. In a logistic regression analysis, single-mother status was found to have the strongest independent effect on predicting mental health morbidity and utilization of mental health services; the next strongest was low income. CONCLUSIONS: Single mothers are more likely to be poor...

‣ Variations in hysterectomy rates in Ontario: does the indication matter?

Hall, R E; Cohen, M M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/12/1994 Português
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OBJECTIVES: To examine variations in rates of hysterectomy for the five main indications for the procedure in regions of Ontario. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based analysis of hospital discharge abstracts. SETTING: All acute care facilities in Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: All 65,599 women whose hospital record contained a procedure code indicating that a hysterectomy was performed between Apr. 1, 1988, and Mar. 31, 1991. Duplicate cases, records of cancelled procedures and nonresidents were excluded. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Crude and age-adjusted rates of hysterectomy, by indication, for each region of Ontario. RESULTS: Five indications accounted for more than 80% of hysterectomies performed. The median age-adjusted rate of hysterectomy for Ontario regions during the study period was 6.25 per 1000 women, with a 2.7-fold variation among regions. The regions with rates of hysterectomy in the highest quartile tended to be rural, and those with rates in the lowest quartile tended to be urban areas with teaching hospitals. When rates of hysterectomy for specific indications were examined, they showed substantial variations among regions in the rate of the procedure for menstrual hemorrhage (18-fold variation), uterine prolapse (9.3-fold) and endometriosis (6.3-fold). A smaller but still significant variation was shown in the rate of hysterectomy for leiomyoma (2.3-fold). Regional variation in the rate of hysterectomy for cancer (2.5-fold) was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: There are large interregional variations in rates of hysterectomy...

‣ Small-area variations in utilization of abortion services in Ontario from 1985 to 1992.

Ferris, L E; McMain-Klein, M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/06/1995 Português
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OBJECTIVE: To assess interregional differences in the utilization of abortion services in Ontario from 1985 to 1992. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of provincial therapeutic abortion database. SETTING: All hospitals conducting abortions between 1985 and 1992 and all free-standing abortion clinics conducting abortions between 1990 and 1992. POPULATION: All women in Ontario aged 15 to 44 years who underwent a therapeutic abortion in Ontario during the study period. OUTCOME MEASURES: Utilization of abortion services by county and age-specific abortion rates by county of residence. RESULTS: From 1985 to 1989, when only hospital data were gathered, the mean therapeutic abortion rate increased by 11.2%. From 1990 to 1992, when data from hospitals and free-standing clinics were collected, the mean rate increased by 26.5%. Logistic regression analysis showed significant variation in the age-standardized abortion rates between counties in each study year (p < 0.0001). The counties with age-standardized rates below the 25th percentile had the highest proportions of women who sought abortion services outside their county of residence; in some of these counties no abortions were performed in local facilities. CONCLUSION: There are interregional variations in the utilization of abortion services in Ontario. These disparities raise questions about the accessibility of abortion services and need to be further investigated.

‣ Is perinatal care in southwestern Ontario regionalized?

Campbell, M K; Chance, G W; Natale, R; Dodman, N; Halinda, E; Turner, L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/02/1991 Português
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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether perinatal care in southwestern Ontario is regionalized, to identify trends over time in referral patterns, to quantify trends in perinatal death rates and to identify trends in perinatal death rates that give evidence of regionalization. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Thirty-two hospitals in southwestern Ontario (1 level III, 1 modified level III and 30 level II or I). PATIENTS: All pregnant women admitted to the hospitals and their infants. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Antenatal and neonatal transfer status, live-born with discharge home alive from hospital of birth, stillborn, and live-born with death before discharge. RESULTS: Between 1982 and 1985 the antenatal transfer rate increased from 2.2% to 2.8% (p less than 0.003). The proportion of births of infants weighing 500 to 1499 g increased from 49% to 69% at the level III hospital. The neonatal transfer rate increased from 26.2% to 47.9% (p less than 0.05) for infants in this birth-weight category and decreased from 10.2% to 7.1% (p less than 0.03) for infants weighing 1500 to 2499 g. The death rate among infants of low birth weight was lowest among those born at the level III centre and decreased at all centres between 1982 and 1985. CONCLUSIONS: Perinatal care in southwestern Ontario is regionalized and not centralized; regionalization in southwestern Ontario increased between 1982 and 1985.

‣ Adjuvant radiotherapy for early breast cancer: patterns of practice in Ontario.

Whelan, T; Marcellus, D; Clark, R; Levine, M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/11/1993 Português
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OBJECTIVE: To determine the number of different radiation schedules used in Ontario to treat women with node-negative breast cancer after lumpectomy and axillary dissection. DESIGN: Retrospective survey. SETTING: Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, and regional centres of the Ontario Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation (in Hamilton, London, Ottawa, Windsor and Thunder Bay). PATIENTS: A total of 551 of 1624 consecutive patients with node-negative breast cancer having undergone lumpectomy and axillary dissection who were eligible but did not participate in the Ontario Clinical Oncology Group randomized clinical trial and who received adjuvant breast irradiation between April 1984 and February 1989. OUTCOME MEASURES: Schedules of radiotherapy received. RESULTS: Forty-eight different radiotherapy schedules were identified. Total doses ranged from 4000 to 6600 cGy and the number of fractions from 15 to 30. Several different schedules were preferred: 322 patients (58.5%) received 4000 cGy in 15 or 16 fractions to the whole breast over 3 weeks plus a local boost of 1250 cGy to the primary site in 5 fractions over 1 week; 66 patients (12.0%) received 4000 cGy in 15 or 16 fractions over 3 weeks to the whole breast plus a local boost of 1000 cGy to the primary site in 4 or 5 fractions over 1 week; and 63 patients (11.5%) received 5000 cGy in 25 fractions to the whole breast in 5 weeks...

‣ A Statistical Survey of Leukemia in Ontario and at the Ontario Cancer Foundation Clinics, 1938-1958

MacKay, E. N.; Sellers, A. H.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/06/1967 Português
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In Ontario, leukemia causes about 4% of all cancer deaths, ranging from nearly 50% at under 5 years of age to 1-3% at age 50 and over. Age-specific death rates are highest among older people; at all ages, male deaths exceed female deaths. Only about 20% of all leukemia patients in Ontario are registered at Ontario Cancer Clinics; the proportion changed sharply with the advent of chemotherapy. For 1258 patients registered in 1938-1963, the crude one-year survival rate was 50%, ranging from 9% for acute leukemia to about 60% for non-acute lymphatic and myeloid leukemia. The long-term outlook was much better for non-acute lymphatic leukemia than for non-acute myeloid leukemia. For acute leukemia, the treatment of choice was chemotherapy; for non-acute lymphatic leukemia, radiotherapy was used, followed, if required, by chemotherapy or further radiotherapy. For non-acute myeloid leukemia, the advantage of chemotherapy over radiotherapy was not established.

‣ Ontario and the enhanced 18-month well-baby visit: Trying new approaches

Williams, Robin; Clinton, Jean; Biscaro, Anne
Fonte: Pulsus Group Inc Publicador: Pulsus Group Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2008 Português
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In Ontario, the 18-month well-baby visit is the last scheduled primary care visit before school entry. Recognizing the importance of this visit and the role that primary care plays in developmental surveillance, an Ontario expert panel recommended enhancing the 18-month visit. Their recommendations are based on evidence from multiple disciplines, which underscore the reality that the quality of the early years experience establishes trajectories of health and well-being for children. An underlying premise of the recommendations is that when there are collaborations among parents, primary care, community health and child development services, the outcomes for children will be improved. The present article focuses on two Ontario pilot projects that were funded to discover how, in real life primary care settings, the recommendations could be implemented and outcomes measured. Findings and insights were significant, and future directions are clear, as the strategy for an enhanced 18-month well-baby visit is implemented in the future for Ontario.

‣ New species and distributional records of Aleocharinae (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) from Ontario, Canada, with a checklist of recorded species

Brunke, Adam J.; Klimaszewski, Jan; Dorval, Julie-Anne; Bourdon, Caroline; Paiero, Steven M.; Marshall, Stephen A.
Fonte: Pensoft Publishers Publicador: Pensoft Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/04/2012 Português
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The Aleocharinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) of Ontario were reviewed in the context of recently studied material, primarily from insect surveys conducted by the University of Guelph Insect Collection (Ontario, Canada). Aleochara daviesi Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., Agaricomorpha websteri Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., Atheta (Microdota) alesi Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., Dinaraea backusensis Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n., and Strigota obscurata Klimaszewski & Brunke sp. n. are described as new to science. We also report 47 new Ontario records and 24 new Canadian records. Callicerus rigidicornis (Erichson) and Alevonota gracilenta (Erichson) are newly reported from North America as adventive species. A checklist, with Canadian distributions by province, of the 224 species of Aleocharinae known from Ontario is given. The following species are placed in subjective synonymy with Dexiogyia angustiventris (Casey): (Dexiogyia asperata (Casey) syn. n., Dexiogyia abscissa (Casey) syn. n., Dexiogyia tenuicauda (Casey) syn. n., Dexiogyia intenta (Casey) syn. n., Dexiogyia alticola (Casey) syn. n.). The following species are placed in subjective synonymy with Acrotona subpygmaea (Bernhauer): (Acrotona avia (Casey) syn. n., Acrotona puritana (Casey) syn. n.). Lectotypes are designated for Thiasophila angustiventris Casey...

‣ Les influences transnationales sur la nationalisation de l’électricité au Québec (1934-1963)

Giguère, William
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
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Ce mémoire de maîtrise analyse les influences transnationales qui ont mené à la nationalisation de l’électricité au Québec. En contraste avec les précédentes études sur Hydro-Québec voulant que les incitatifs locaux fussent la source exclusive de la nationalisation de l’électricité au Québec, cette recherche vient démontrer que les idées transnationales ont été tout aussi influentes. Tout au long du récit, on voit que la conjoncture politico-économique de refonte du libéralisme économique classique vers une version plus keynésienne de l’économie occidentale a été un stimulant de première importance pour la nationalisation de l’électricité au Québec. Dans le premier chapitre sont détaillées les nationalisations d’électricité de l’Ontario, de la Vallée du Tennessee et de la France, ainsi que les relations qu’elles ont eues entre elles et avec le Québec. Dans un second temps, il est démontré que l’étatisation de l’électricité en Ontario au début du XXe siècle et celle de la Vallée du Tennessee durant la crise économique des années 1930 ont été des incitatifs majeurs pour le projet menant à la nationalisation de la Montreal Light Heat & Power en 1944. Enfin, dans le troisième chapitre...

‣ A study on the prevalence of medical comorbidities on patients receiving community based mental health services in Southeastern Ontario

Sehdev, Amrit
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 252416 bytes; application/msword
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This study used data from two surveys (2001 and 2006) and determined the prevalence of medical comorbidities in persons receiving community based mental health services from Southeastern Ontario agencies. An age stratified sample of 979 persons with mental health disorders was assessed using the Colorado Client Assessment Record by trained clinicians (85% response). Medical comorbidities were grouped using International Classification of Disease categories. SPSS program was used to calculate odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals and chi square tests of significance to assess the association of socio-demographic factors (age, gender and marital status) with comorbidity. Fifty percent of those aged 25-64 and 65% of those over 65 reported at least one medical problem. Problems with cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and endocrine related disorders were most common. Age and marital status were associated with having a comorbidity; however, gender was not. This study provides a better understanding of the complex care needs of mental health patients in Southeastern Ontario.; Examining the prevalence of medical comorbidities in patients receiving community based mental health services in southeastern Ontario. The study also assesses the association of age...

‣ Comparative landscape genetics of two sympatric snake species in a fragmented southwestern Ontario habitat

DiLeo, Michelle
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 702161 bytes; application/pdf
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In this study I investigate the effects of a fragmented southwestern Ontario landscape on the genetic population structure of two sympatric snake species that differ in habitat preference. I was most interested in comparing the relative number and location of both natural and human-created barriers to gene flow between the species. The eastern garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis) is a common species and a habitat generalist, whereas the eastern foxsnake (Elaphe gloydi) is less common, geographically isolated, and a marsh-specialist. Bayesian spatial assignment revealed three genetic clusters for garter snakes and five genetic clusters for foxsnakes. Each individual garter snake had a near equal probability of membership to two or more clusters with none of the clusters mapping onto a discrete geographic region, indicating that in reality T. sirtalis in southwestern Ontario probably exist in a single genetic population. The five identified foxsnake clusters correspond to geographically circumscribed locations on the Southern Ontario landscape. Slopes of pair-wise isolation by distance between individuals were significantly different from zero, but extremely weak, for both species. Isolation by distance was found to be greater in foxsnakes compared to garter snakes. The results of this study imply that foxsnakes experience more barriers to gene flow than garter snakes across southwestern Ontario.

‣ Environmental assessment of Lake Gibson sediments, water quality, and soils of the Niagara Region

Placko, Joanne.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
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In light of the fact that literature on toxicity of heavy metals in non-acidified freshwater systems is sparse, this project was initiated to conduct an environmental assessment of Lake Gibson. Chemistry of soils from adjacent areas and vineyards in the region provide a comparative background database. Water quality determinations were used to identify and highlight areas of environmental concern within the Lake Gibson watershed. A Shelby Corer was used to obtain 66 sediment cores from Lake Gibson. These were sectioned according to lithology and color to yield 298 samples. A suite of 122 soil samples was collected in the region and vicinity of Lake Gibson. All were tested for metals and some for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH). Evaluation of the results leads to the following conclusions: 1. Metal concentrations ofAI, Cd, Cu, Cr, Pb, Ni, Fe and Zn in soils from the Niagara Region are well below background limits set by the Ministry of the Environment and Energy (MOEE) for provincial soils. 2. There is a spatial and depth difference for some of the metals within the various soils. The Cr, Ni and Pb contents of soils vary throughout the region (p

‣ Maple Leaf Mills Records 1955, 1960-1964, 1975-1987, 1989, n.d.

Goul, Jen
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
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Ontario Editorial Bureau (O.E.B.); This fonds is part of the larger Ontario Editorial Bureau archives (OEB) also housed at Brock University. The bulk of the collection is correspondence relating to the Maple Leaf Mills.

‣ The investigation of edge effects within ragmented forest islands in Short Hills Provincial Park

Jonsson-Ninniss, Susan.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
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It has been well documented, within the field of landscape ecology, that terrestrial fragmentation contributes to increased heterogeneity at the landscape level. It has also been observed that elevated areas of edge habitat occur within fragmented landscapes. Spatial and temporal edge effects were investigated in four areas designated as Nature Reserve Zones within Short Hills Provincial Park, near St. Catharines, Ontario. Random sampling along exposed edges was performed on trees and saplings, at 5 and 25 ill edge depths, using the point-centred quarter method. Diameter at breast height (dbh) and distance from point measurements were used to establish relative density, dominance, frequency and importance value. One-way analyses of variance were used on dbh measurements of tree species and Chi-Square contingency tables were used on size class distributions of saplings species to determine significant differences between 5 and 25 metres. Qualitative comparisons of importance values were also used to determine differences between 5 and 25 metres as well as between trees and saplings. These statistical and qualitative comparisons suggest that a significant overall spatial edge effect is currently exhibited by fragmented wooded islands within the park. The major species of the park...

‣ A sedimentological study of the glacigenic deposits at Mohawk Bay, near Dunnville, Ontario

Barnsley, John Anthony.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
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‣ Geochemistry and petrogenesis of the McElroy and Larder Lake assemblages, Abitibi Greenstone Belt, Northeastern Ontario

Kimmerly, Christopher T.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
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The McElroy and Larder Lake assemblages, located in the southern Abitibi Greenstone Belt are two late Archean metavolcanic sequences having markedly contrasting physical characteristics arid are separated from one another by a regional fault. An assemblage is an informal term which describes stratified volcanic and/or sedimentary rock units built during a specific time period in a similar depositional or volcanic setting and are commonly bounded by faults, unconformities or intrusions. The petrology and petrogenesis of these assemblages have been investigated to determine if a genetic link exists between the two adjacent assemblages. The McElroy assemblage is homoclinal sequence of evolved massive and pillowed fl.ows, which except for the basal unit represents a progressively fractionated volcanic pile. From the base to the top of the assemblage the lithologies include Fe-tholeiitic, dendritic flows; komatiite basaltic, ultramafic flows; Mg-tholeiitic, leucogabbro; Mg-tholeiitic, massive flows and Fe-tholeiitic, pillowed flows. Massive flows range from coarse grained to aphanitic and are commonly plagioclase glomerophyric. The Larder Lake assemblage consists of komatiitic, Mg-rich and Fe-rich tholeiitic basalts, structurally disrupted by folds and faults. Tholeiitic rocks in the Larder Lake assemblage range from aphanitic to coarse grained massive and pillowed flows. Komatiitic flows contain both spinifex and massive textures. Geochemical variability within both assemblages is attributed to different petrogenetic histories. The lithologies of the McElroy assemblage were derived by partial melting of a primitive mantle source followed by various degrees of crystal fractionation. Partial melting of a primitive mantle source generated the ultramafic flows and possibly other flows in the assemblage. Fractionation of ultramafic flows may have also produced the more evolved McElroy lithologies. The highly evolved...

‣ Physical volcanology, sedimentology, stratigraphy and petrochemistry of the Berry Creek metavolcanics: an Archean calc-alkaline complex, Lake of the Woods, Ontario

Davison, James Gregory.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
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The steeply dipping, isoclinally folded early Precambrian (Archean) Berry Creek Metavolcanic Complex comprises primary to resedimented pyroclastic, epiclastic and autoclastic deposits. Tephra erupted from central volcanic edifices was dumped by mass flow mechanisms into peripheral volcanosedimentary depressions. Sedimentation has been essentially contemporaneous with eruption and transport of tephra. The monolithic to heterolithic tuffaceous horizons are interpreted as subaerial to subaqueous pumice and ash flows, secondary debris flows, lahars, slump deposits and turbidites. Monolithic debris flows, derived from crumble breccia and dcme talus, formed during downslope collapse and subsequent gravity flowage. Heterolithic tuff, lahars and lava flow morphologies suggest at least temporary emergence of the edifice. Local collapse may have accompanied pyroclastic volcanism. The tephra, produced by hydromagmatic to magmatic eruptions, were rapidly transported, by primary and secondary mechanisms, to a shallow littoral to deep water subaqueous fan developed upon the subjacent mafic metavolcanic platform. Deposition resulted from traction, traction carpet, and suspension sedimentation from laminar to turbulent flows. Facies mapping revealed proximal (channel to overbank) to distal facies epiclastics (greywackes...

‣ Laboratory-based evaluation of legionellosis epidemiology in Ontario, Canada, 1978 to 2006

Brett (Ng), Victoria; Tang, Patrick; Jamieson, Frances; Guyard, Cyril; Low, Donald E; Fisman, David N
Fonte: http://www.biomedcentral.com/ Publicador: http://www.biomedcentral.com/
Tipo: Journal article; Published Version; BioMed Central Ltd Formato: 10 pages
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BACKGROUND: Legionellosis is a common cause of severe community acquired pneumonia and respiratory disease outbreaks. The Ontario Public Health Laboratory (OPHL) has conducted most testing for Legionella species in the Canadian province of Ontario since 1978, and represents a multi-decade repository of population-based data on legionellosis epidemiology. We sought to provide a laboratory-based review of the epidemiology of legionellosis in Ontario over the past 3 decades, with a focus on changing rates of disease and species associated with legionellosis during that time period. METHODS: We analyzed cases that were submitted and tested positive for legionellosis from 1978 to 2006 using Poisson regression models incorporating temporal, spatial, and demographic covariates. Predictors of infection with culture-confirmed L. pneumophila serogroup 1 (LP1) were evaluated with logistic regression models. Results: 1,401 cases of legionellosis tested positive from 1978 to 2006. As in other studies, we found a late summer to early autumn seasonality in disease occurrence with disease risk increasing with age and in males. In contrast to other studies, we found a decreasing trend in cases in the recent decade (IRR 0.93, 95% CI 0.91 to 0.95, P-value = 0.001); only 66% of culture-confirmed isolates were found to be LP1. CONCLUSION: Despite similarities with disease epidemiology in other regions...

‣ Bright’s Wines Limited fonds, 1983-1989

Goul, Jen
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Outros
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One of the oldest wineries in Ontario, Bright’s Wines is now a part of Vincor International Inc. and still producing wines today. In the year 1874 Thomas G. Bright and Francis A. Shirriff came together in a partnership and formed a wine company in Toronto, Ontario. As the company began to prosper the gentlemen decided to move the location to Niagara, Ontario. Sixteen years later the Niagara Falls Wine Company opened on Dorchester Road. In 1911, Bright bought out all of Shirriff’s shares in the company and the name became the T. G. Bright and Co. Limited. A few years later in 1933 Harry C. Hatch bought the wine company from the Bright family and began changing how Bright’s operated through greater, more diverse wine production, as well as research and development. Bright’s leadership in wine research and development in Canada helped bring Canadian wines to their position of respect around the world. In 1934 Bright’s began a viticultural and vinicultural program, changing the way the Canadian wine industry worked. They put more money into research and development than any other winery in all of Canada. Soon, gold medals and “best of class” international designations were being awarded to Bright’s wines. As a result of their success...

‣ Measuring curriculum integration in the junior grades: the design of an instrument

Hansson, Torry L.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
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This study \Alas initiated in response to the Junior Division Review (1985) publ ished by the Ministry of Education for the Province of Ontario. Curriculum integration is an element used within the educational paradigm designed by the Ontario Ministry of Education. It is a term frequent1y verbal ized b>' educators in this province, but because of 1 imi ted resource support regarding this methodology, it was open to broad interpretation resulting in an extreme v ar i at i on i nit simp 1 eme n tat i on • I n de ed, the Min i s try intimated that it was not occurring to any significant degree across the province. The objective of this thes is was· to define integration in the junior classroom and de-:.ign a meas.ur·ement in-:.tr-ument which would in turn high 1 i gh t indicators of curriculum integration. The :.tudy made a prel iminary, field-based survey of educa tiona 1 professionals in order to generate a relevant description of integrated curr-iculum programm i ng as def i ned in the j un i or classroom. The description was a compilation of views expressed by a random selection of teachers, consultants, supervisory officers and principals. The survey revea 1 ed a much more comprehens i ve vi et·<,l of the attributes of integrated programming than tradition would dictate and resulted in a functional definition tha t was broader than past prac t ices. Based on the information generated by this survey...