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‣ New mutations in MID1 provide support for loss of function as the cause of X-linked Optiz syndrome

Cox, T.; Allen, L.; Cox, L.; Hopwood, B.; Goodwin, B.; Haan, E.; Suthers, G.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2000 Português
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Opitz syndrome (OS) is a genetically heterogeneous malformation disorder. Patients with OS may present with a variable array of malformations that are indicative of a disturbance of the primary midline developmental field. Mutations in the C-terminal half of MID1, an RBCC (RING, B-box and coiled-coil) protein, have recently been shown to underlie the X-linked form of OS. Here we show that the MID1 gene spans at least 400 kb, almost twice the distance originally reported and has a minimum of six mRNA isoforms as a result of the alternative use of 5' untranslated exons. In addition, our detailed mutational analysis of MID1 in a cohort of 15 patients with OS has resulted in the identification of seven novel mutations, two of which disrupt the N-terminus of the protein. The most severe of these (E115X) is predicted to truncate the protein before the B-box motifs. In a separate patient, a missense change (L626P) was found that also represents the most C-terminal alteration reported to date. As noted with other C-terminal mutations, GFP fusion constructs demonstrated that the L626P mutant formed cytoplasmic clumps in contrast to the microtubular distribution seen with the wild-type sequence. Notably, however, both N-terminal mutants showed no evidence of cytoplasmic aggregation...