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## ‣ Chi-square analysis of the reduction of ATP levels in L-02 hepatocytes by hexavalent chromium

Yuan,Yang; Peng,Li; Gong-Hua,Hu; Lu,Dai; Xia-Li,Zhong; Yu,Zhou; Cai-Gao,Zhong
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
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This study explored the reduction of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels in L-02 hepatocytes by hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) using chi-square analysis. Cells were treated with 2, 4, 8, 16, or 32 μM Cr(VI) for 12, 24, or 36 h. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) experiments and measurements of intracellular ATP levels were performed by spectrophotometry or bioluminescence assays following Cr(VI) treatment. The chi-square test was used to determine the difference between cell survival rate and ATP levels. For the chi-square analysis, the results of the MTT or ATP experiments were transformed into a relative ratio with respect to the control (%). The relative ATP levels increased at 12 h, decreased at 24 h, and increased slightly again at 36 h following 4, 8, 16, 32 μM Cr(VI) treatment, corresponding to a "V-shaped" curve. Furthermore, the results of the chi-square analysis demonstrated a significant difference of the ATP level in the 32-μM Cr(VI) group (P < 0.05). The results suggest that the chi-square test can be applied to analyze the interference effects of Cr(VI) on ATP levels in L-02 hepatocytes. The decreased ATP levels at 24 h indicated disruption of mitochondrial energy metabolism and the slight increase of ATP levels at 36 h indicated partial recovery of mitochondrial function or activated glycolysis in L-02 hepatocytes.

## ‣ Double-masked cross-over comparison of Ganda 1.02 (guanethidine 1% and adrenaline 0.2% mixture) with gutt. adrenaline 1% (Simplene 1%) and with pilocarpine 1% (Sno-Pilo 1%).

Romano, J. H.; Nagasubramanian, S.; Poinoosawmy, D.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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A trial of the efficacy of low-concentration nonmiotic therapy was carried out, the aim being to minimise the side effects produced by 1% adrenaline or pilocarpine. A total of 77 eyes with open-angle glaucoma were studied in both parts of the trial. Thirty-nine eyes had a base-line pressure of over 28 mmHg and 28 eyes a pressure of 30 mmHg or over. In the comparison between Ganda 1.02 and adrenaline 1% (Simplene) the mean lowering of intraocular pressure was 8.6 mmHg with Ganda and 7.69 mmHg with Simplene. In the comparison between Ganda 1.02 and pilocarpine 1% (Sno-Pilo) the mean decrease was 6.34 mmHg with Ganda and 6.13 mmHg with Sno-Pilo. The resulting falls in intraocular pressure were highly significant statistically, but the differences between the effects of the 3 drugs were not significant. No significant side effects were reported with Ganda 1.02, and in particular no ptosis or superficial punctate staining of the cornea was noted.

## ‣ Mode of Action of Van-M-02, a Novel Glycopeptide Inhibitor of Peptidoglycan Synthesis, in Vancomycin-Resistant Bacteria▿ †

Miura, Kenji; Yamashiro, Hidenori; Uotani, Kouichi; Kojima, Satoshi; Yutsudo, Takashi; Lu, Jun; Yoshida, Osamu; Yamano, Yoshinori; Maki, Hideki; Arimoto, Hirokazu
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Publicador: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Van-M-02, a novel glycopeptide, was revealed to exert potent activities against Gram-positive bacteria, including vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA). A crude assay system was then used to study the mode of action of Van-M-02 as a peptidoglycan synthesis model of both vancomycin-susceptible and -resistant strains. The results suggested that Van-M-02 inhibits the synthesis of lipid intermediates irrespective of their termini. This inhibitory activity may contribute to the anti-VRE and anti-VRSA activities observed.

## ‣ Use of pJANUS™-02-001 as a calibrator plasmid for Roundup Ready soybean event GTS-40-3-2 detection: an interlaboratory trial assessment

Lievens, A.; Bellocchi, G.; De Bernardi, D.; Moens, W.; Savini, C.; Mazzara, M.; Van den Eede, G.; Van den Bulcke, M.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Owing to the labelling requirements of food and feed products containing materials derived from genetically modified organisms, quantitative detection methods have to be developed for this purpose, including the necessary certified reference materials and calibrator standards. To date, for most genetically modified organisms authorized in the European Union, certified reference materials derived from seed powders are being developed. Here, an assessment has been made on the feasibility of using plasmid DNA as an alternative calibrator for the quantitative detection of genetically modified organisms. For this, a dual-target plasmid, designated as pJANUS™-02-001, comprising part of a junction region of genetically modified soybean event GTS-40-3-2 and the endogenous soybean-specific lectin gene was constructed. The dynamic range, efficiency and limit of detection for the soybean event GTS-40-3-2 real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) system described by Terry et al. (J AOAC Int 85(4):938–944, 2002) were shown to be similar for in house produced homozygous genomic DNA from leaf tissue of soybean event GTS-40-3-2 and for plasmid pJANUS™-02-001 DNA backgrounds. The performance of this real-time Q-PCR system using both types of DNA templates as calibrator standards in quantitative DNA analysis was further assessed in an interlaboratory trial. Statistical analysis and fuzzy-logic-based interpretation were performed on critical method parameters (as defined by the European Network of GMO Laboratories and the Community Reference Laboratory for GM Food and Feed guidelines) and demonstrated that the plasmid pJANUS™-02-001 DNA represents a valuable alternative to genomic DNA as a calibrator for the quantification of soybean event GTS-40-3-2 in food and feed products.

## ‣ Association of HLA-DQB1∗05:02 and DRB1∗16 Alleles with Late-Onset, Nonthymomatous, AChR-Ab-Positive Myasthenia Gravis

Testi, Manuela; Terracciano, Chiara; Guagnano, Annalisa; Testa, Giuseppe; Marfia, Girolama A.; Pompeo, Eugenio; Andreani, Marco; Massa, Roberto
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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An association of several HLA alleles with myasthenia gravis (MG) has been reported. Aim of this work was to analyze the HLA allele profile in a survey of 76 unselected Italian MG patients and in a subgroup characterized by disease onset after the age of 50 years, absence of thymoma, and presence of antiacetylcholine receptor antibodies. We defined this subgroup by the acronym LOAb. Typing was performed at low resolution for HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 loci with sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe (PCR-SSO); at high resolution for HLA-DQB1 locus by PCR with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSPS). HLA allele frequencies were compared with 100 healthy controls. No correlation was observed between MG and the studied HLA class I alleles. On the contrary, a strong positive association was found for the HLA class II alleles DQB1∗05:02 (Pc = 0.00768) and DRB1∗16 (Pc = 0.0211) in the LOAb subgroup (n = 27) of MG patients. Association between DQB1∗05:02 and some subtypes of MG has been previously reported but not in patients with the LOAb characteristics. Therefore, the HLA allele DQB1∗05:02 might be considered as a susceptibility marker for LOAb among Italians.

## ‣ In Silico Risk Assessment of HLA-A*02:06-Associated Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Caused by Cold Medicine Ingredients

Isogai, Hideto; Miyadera, Hiroko; Ueta, Mayumi; Sotozono, Chie; Kinoshita, Shigeru; Tokunaga, Katsushi; Hirayama, Noriaki
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are severe drug hypersensitivities with high mortality. Typical over-the-counter drugs of cold medicines are suggested to be causative. As multiple ingredients are generally contained in cold medicines, it is of particular interest to investigate which ingredients are responsible for SJS/TEN. However, experimental examination of causal relationships between SJS/TEN and a particular drug molecule is not straightforward. Significant association between HLA-A*02:06 and SJS/TEN with severe ocular surface complications has been observed in the Japanese. In the present study, we have undertaken in silico docking simulations between various ingredients contained in cold medicines available in Japan and the HLA-A*02:06 molecule. We use the composite risk index (CRI) that is the absolute value of the binding affinity multiplied by the daily dose to assess the potential risk of the adverse reactions. The drugs which have been recognized as causative drugs of SJS/TEN in Japan have revealed relatively high CRI, and the association between SJS/TEN and HLA-A*02:06 has been qualitatively verified. The results have also shown that some drugs whose links to SJS/TEN have not been clinically recognized in Japan show the high CRI and suggested that attention should be paid to their adverse drug reactions.

## ‣ HLA-A*31:01 and HLA-B*15:02 as genetic markers for carbamazepine hypersensitivity in children

Amstutz, Ursula; Ross, Colin J.D.; Castro-Pastrana, Lucila I.; Rieder, Michael J.; Shear, Neil H.; Hayden, Michael R.; Carleton, Bruce C.;
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The occurrence of hypersensitivity reactions including rare but life-threatening Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (HSS) limits the use of the anticonvulsant carbamazepine (CBZ). HLA-B*15:02 and HLA-A*31:01 have been identified as predictive genetic markers for CBZ hypersensitivity in Asian and European patients. To replicate these genetic associations in pediatric patients from North America with a diverse ethnic background, we investigated HLA-A*31:01 and HLA-B*15:02 in 42 children with CBZ hypersensitivity, and 91 CBZ-tolerant children from across Canada. HLA-A*31:01 was significantly associated with CBZ-HSS (odds ratio (OR): 26.4, p=0.0025) and maculopapular exanthems (OR: 8.6, p=0.0037), but not with CBZ-SJS. Conversely, HLA-B*15:02 was associated with CBZ-SJS (OR: 38.6, p=0.002), but not HSS and maculopapular exanthems. This study is the first to demonstrate the association of HLA-A*31:01 with CBZ hypersensitivity in children, providing important replication of this association and highlighting the importance of HLA-A*31:01 as a predictive biomarker across various ancestries.

## ‣ Association of HLA-B*41:02 with Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (IgA Vasculitis) in Spanish individuals irrespective of the HLA-DRB1 status

López Mejías, Raquel; Genre, Fernanda; Sevilla Pérez, Belén; Castañeda Sanz, Santos; Ortego Centeno, Norberto; Llorca Díaz, Francisco Javier; Ubilla García, Begoña; Remuzgo Martínez, Sara; Mijares Díaz, Verónica; Pina Murcia, Trinitario; Calvo
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; publishedVersion
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INTRODUCTION: To determine whether the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B alleles are implicated in the susceptibility to Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) in the largest series of Caucasian HSP patients ever assessed for genetic studies. METHODS: The study population was composed of 349 Spanish patients diagnosed with HSP fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology and the Michel et al. classification criteria, and 335 sex and ethnically matched controls. HLA-B phenotypes were determined by sequencing-based typing (SBT) and analyzed by chi-square or Fisher exact test. RESULTS: A statistically significant increase of HLA-B*41:02 allele in HSP patients when compared with controls was found (8.3% versus 1.5% respectively; p = 0.0001; OR (odds ratio) =5.76 [2.15-19.3]). These results remained statistically significant after adjusting for Bonferroni correction (p = 0.0028). An internal validation also confirmed the susceptibility effect on HSP associated with HLA-B*41:02 (OR = 5.70 [1.98-16.44]). Since a former study described an association between HLA-DRB1*01:03 and HSP susceptibility, we also evaluated the implication of HLA-B*41:02 independently of HLA-DRB1*01:03. Interestingly, the association remained statistically significant (p = 0.0004...

## ‣ Usefulness of genetic characterization of narcolepsy and hypersomnia on phenotype definition: a study in Portuguese patients; Utilidad de la caracterización genética de la narcolepsia y la hipersomnia en la definición del fenotipo: estudio en pacientes portugueses

Martins-da-Silva, A; Lopes, J; Ramalheira, J; Carvalho, C; Cunha, D; Pinho-Costa, P; Silva, B
Fonte: Instituto Nacional de Saúde Doutor Ricardo Jorge Publicador: Instituto Nacional de Saúde Doutor Ricardo Jorge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Artigo em inglês e em espanhol; [ENG] Introduction. The determination of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II genotype is widely used to confirm the diagnosis of narcolepsy with or without cataplexy. The HLA genotyping is reliable, easy to perform and reassures the clinician. It is also less invasive than other methodologies and is in accordance with the autoimmune hypothesis for the origin of narcolepsy. Aim. To assess the usefulness of genetic markers (HLA) in the differential diagnosis between different sleep disorders and their relevance in the context of our population. Subjects and methods. We analyzed a cohort of 113 patients with episodes of daytime sleepiness, 38 patients were classified as narcolepsy with cataplexy, 13 as narcolepsy and 62 as hypersomnia/idiopathic hypersomnia. A control population of 206 reportedly healthy individuals from the same geographic origin was used. Results. The HLA-DQB1*06:02 allele frequency was overrepresented in patients with narcolepsy and narcolepsy with cataplexy (46% and 71% respectively vs. 16% in control population), with a value of p = 4.53–13 for narcolepsy with cataplexy. The HLA-DQB1*02 frequency was increased in the population with hypersomnia when compared with the control population (55% vs. 34%; p = 0.004). Conclusions. Genetic characterization has the potential to enhance the ability to carry out differential diagnosis among diverse excessive daytime sleepiness phenotypes...

## ‣ Study of the luminous blue variable star candidate G26.47+0.02 and its environment

Paron, S.; Combi, J. A.; Petriella, A.; Giacani, E.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The luminous blue variable (LBV) stars are peculiar very massive stars. The study of these stellar objects and their surroundings is important for understanding the evolution of massive stars and its effects on the interstellar medium. We study the LBV star candidate G26.47+0.02. Using several large-scale surveys in different frequencies we performed a multiwavelength study of G26.47+0.02 and its surroundings. We found a molecular shell (seen in the 13CO J=1-0 line) that partially surrounds the mid-infrared nebula of G26.47+0.02, which suggests an interaction between the strong stellar winds and the molecular gas. From the HI absorption and the molecular gas study we conclude that G26.47+0.02 is located at a distance of ~4.8 kpc. The radio continuum analysis shows a both thermal and non-thermal emission toward this LBV candidate, pointing to wind-wind collision shocks from a binary system. This hypothesis is supported by a search of near-IR sources and the Chandra X-ray analysis. Additional multiwavelength and long-term observations are needed to detect some possible variable behavior, and if that is found, to confirm the binary nature of the system.; Comment: accepted in A&A 01/05/2012

## ‣ Discriminating the source of high-energy positrons with AMS-02

Pato, Miguel; Lattanzi, Massimiliano; Bertone, Gianfranco
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We study the prospects for discriminating between the dark matter (DM) and pulsar origin of the PAMELA positron excess with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer AMS-02. We simulate the response of AMS-02 to positrons (and electrons) originating from DM annihilations, and determine the pulsar parameters (spin-down luminosity, distance and characteristic age) that produce a satisfactory fit to the mock AMS-02 data. It turns out that it is always possible to mimic a DM signal with pulsars. Although the fit in some cases requires values of spin-down luminosity and characteristic age different from those of known pulsars in the ATNF and Fermi-LAT catalogues, these catalogues are known to be incomplete, and therefore the pulsar interpretation can hardly be ruled out. We also show that if the positron excess is due to a single pulsar, it is always possible to find a DM candidate that provides a good fit to the mock AMS-02 data. The discrimination between the two scenarios will thus require a better knowledge of the underlying sources, or complementary data.; Comment: 14 pages, 7 figures, 3 tables, matches published version

## ‣ Astrometry of Galactic Star-Forming Region G48.61+0.02 with VERA

Nagayama, Takumi; Omodaka, Toshihiro; Nakagawa, Akiharu; Handa, Toshihiro; Honma, Mareki; Kobayashi, Hideyuki; Kawaguchi, Noriyuki; Ueno, Yuji
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We performed the astrometry of H2O masers in the Galactic star-forming region G48.61+0.02 with the VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry (VERA). We derived a trigonometric parallax of 199+/-7 micro as, which corresponds to a distance of 5.03+/-0.19 kpc. The distance to G48.61+0.02 is about a half of its far kinematic distance, which was often assumed previously. This distance places G48.61+0.02 in the Sagittarius-Carina arm and near the active star forming region and the supernova remnant W51. We also obtained the three dimensional motion of G48.61+0.02, and found that it has a large peculiar motion of 40+/-5 km/s. This peculiar motion would be originated with the multiple supernovae explosions in W51, or the streaming motion across the Sagittarius-Carina arm.; Comment: 8 pages, 5 figures, accepted for PASJ (Vol. 63 No. 4)

## ‣ Fermi/LAT observations of Dwarf Galaxies highly constrain a Dark Matter Interpretation of Excess Positrons seen in AMS-02, HEAT, and PAMELA

Lopez, Alejandro; Savage, Christopher; Spolyar, Douglas; Adams, Douglas Q.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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It is shown that a Weakly Interacting Massive dark matter Particle (WIMP) interpretation for the positron excess observed in a variety of experiments, HEAT, PAMELA, and AMS-02, is highly constrained by the Fermi/LAT observations of dwarf galaxies. In particular, this paper has focused on the annihilation channels that best fit the current AMS-02 data (Boudaud et al., 2014). The Fermi satellite has surveyed the $\gamma$-ray sky, and its observations of dwarf satellites are used to place strong bounds on the annihilation of WIMPs into a variety of channels. For the single channel case, we find that dark matter annihilation into {$b\bar{b}$, $e^+e^-$, $\mu^+\mu^-$, $\tau^+\tau^-$, 4-$e$, or 4-$\tau$} is ruled out as an explanation of the AMS positron excess (here $b$ quarks are a proxy for all quarks, gauge and Higgs bosons). In addition, we find that the Fermi/LAT 2$\sigma$ upper limits, assuming the best-fit AMS-02 branching ratios, exclude multichannel combinations into $b\bar{b}$ and leptons. The tension between the results might relax if the branching ratios are allowed to deviate from their best-fit values, though a substantial change would be required. Of all the channels we considered, the only viable channel that survives the Fermi/LAT constraint and produces a good fit to the AMS-02 data is annihilation (via a mediator) to 4-$\mu$...

## ‣ Interpretation of AMS-02 electrons and positrons data

Di Mauro, M.; Donato, F.; Fornengo, N.; Lineros, R.; Vittino, A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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We perform a combined analysis of the recent AMS-02 data on electrons, positrons, electrons plus positrons and positron fraction, in a self-consistent framework where we realize a theoretical modeling of all the astrophysical components that can contribute to the observed fluxes in the whole energy range. The primary electron contribution is modeled through the sum of an average flux from distant sources and the fluxes from the local supernova remnants in the Green catalog. The secondary electron and positron fluxes originate from interactions on the interstellar medium of primary cosmic rays, for which we derive a novel determination by using AMS-02 proton and helium data. Primary positrons and electrons from pulsar wind nebulae in the ATNF catalog are included and studied in terms of their most significant (while loosely known) properties and under different assumptions (average contribution from the whole catalog, single dominant pulsar, a few dominant pulsars). We obtain a remarkable agreement between our various modeling and the AMS-02 data for all types of analysis, demonstrating that the whole AMS-02 leptonic data admit a self-consistent interpretation in terms of astrophysical contributions.; Comment: 33 pages, 26 figures and 4 tables...

## ‣ Particle identification with the AMS-02 RICH detector: search for dark matter with antideuterons

Arruda, Luísa; Barão, Fernando; Pereira, Rui
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS), whose final version AMS-02 is to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) for at least 3 years, is a detector designed to measure charged cosmic ray spectra with energies up to the TeV region and with high energy photon detection capability up to a few hundred GeV, using state-of-the art particle identification techniques. It is equipped with several subsystems, one of which is a proximity focusing Ring Imaging Cherenkov (RICH) detector equipped with a dual radiator (aerogel+NaF), a lateral conical mirror and a detection plane made of 680 photomultipliers and light guides, enabling precise measurements of particle electric charge and velocity (Delta beta / beta ~ 10^-3 and 10^-4 for Z=1 and Z=10-20, respectively) at kinetic energies of a few GeV/nucleon. Combining velocity measurements with data on particle rigidity from the AMS-02 Tracker (Delta R / R ~ 2% for R=1-10 GV) it is possible to obtain a reliable measurement for particle mass. One of the main topics of the AMS-02 physics program is the search for indirect signatures of dark matter. Experimental data indicate that dark, non-baryonic matter of unknown composition is much more abundant than baryonic matter, accounting for a large fraction of the energy content of the Universe. Apart from antideuterons produced in cosmic-ray propagation...

## ‣ The Formaldehyde Masers in NGC 7538 and G29.96-0.02: VLBA, MERLIN, and VLA Observations

Hoffman, Ian M.; Goss, W. M.; Palmer, Patrick; Richards, A. M. S.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The 6 cm formaldehyde (H2CO) maser sources in the compact HII regions NGC 7538-IRS1 and G29.96-0.02 have been imaged at high resolution (beams < 50 mas). Using the VLBA and MERLIN, we find the angular sizes of the NGC 7538 masers to be ~10 mas (30 AU) corresponding to brightness temperatures ~10^8 K. The angular sizes of the G29.96-0.02 masers are ~20 mas (130 AU) corresponding to brightness temperatures ~10^7 K. Using the VLA, we detect 2 cm formaldehyde absorption from the maser regions. We detect no emission in the 2 cm line, indicating the lack of a 2 cm maser and placing limits on the 6 cm excitation process. We find that both NGC 7538 maser components show an increase in intensity on 5-10 year timescales while the G29.96-0.02 masers show no variability over 2 years. A search for polarization provides 3-sigma upper limits of 1% circularly polarized and 10% linearly polarized emission in NGC 7538 and of 15% circularly polarized emission in G29.96-0.02. A pronounced velocity gradient of 28 km/s/arcsecond (1900 km/s/pc) is detected in the NGC 7538 maser gas.; Comment: accepted to ApJ, 15 figures, 11 tables

## ‣ AMS-02 fits Dark Matter

Balázs, Csaba; Li, Tong
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In this work we perform a comprehensive statistical analysis of the AMS-02 electron, positron fluxes and the antiproton-to-proton ratio in the context of a simplified dark matter model. We include known, standard astrophysical sources and a dark matter component in the cosmic ray injection spectra. To predict the AMS-02 observables we use propagation parameters extracted from observed fluxes of heavier nuclei and the low energy part of the AMS-02 data. We assume that the dark matter particle is a Majorana fermion coupling to third generation fermions via a spin-0 mediator, and annihilating to multiple channels at once. The simultaneous presence of various annihilation channels provides the dark matter model with additional flexibility, and this enables us to simultaneously fit all cosmic ray spectra using a simple particle physics model and coherent astrophysical assumptions. Our results indicate that AMS-02 observations are not only consistent with the dark matter hypothesis within the uncertainties, but adding a dark matter contribution improves the fit to the data. This model can also evade the stringent CMB bounds.; Comment: 15 pages, 2 figures and 1 table

## ‣ Calorimetric and transport investigations of CePd_{2+x}Ge_{2-x} (x=0 and 0.02) up to 22 GPa

Wilhelm, H.; Jaccard, D.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The influence of pressure on the magnetically ordered CePd_{2.02}Ge_{1.98} has been investigated by a combined measurement of electrical resistivity, $\rho(T)$, and ac-calorimetry, C(T), for temperatures in the range 0.3 K

## ‣ GS100-02-41: a new large HI shell in the outer part of the Galaxy

Suad, L. A.; Cichowolski, S.; Arnal, E. M.; Testori, J. C.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica