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‣ A 13-nation population survey of upper gastrointestinal symptoms: Prevalence of symptoms and socioeconomic factors

Haag, S.; Andrews, J.; Gapasin, J.; Gerken, G.; Keller, A.; Holtmann, G.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Background: Previous data collected in separate studies using various different survey instruments have suggested some variability in the prevalence of symptoms between nations. However, there is a lack of studies which assess and compare the prevalence of upper gastrointestinal symptoms contemporaneously in various countries using a uniform, standardised method. Aim: To determine the prevalence of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) symptoms in 13 European countries, and the association between socioeconomic factors and symptoms using a standardised method. Methods: A representative age- and gender-stratified sample of 23 163 subjects (aged 18–69 years) was surveyed. Results: The prevalence of UGI symptoms was 38%. UGI symptoms were most prevalent in Hungary [45%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 42.2–48.4] and lowest in the Netherlands (24%, 95% CI: 21.0–26.2). UGI symptoms were more prevalent in women (39%, 95% CI: 38.4–39.6) vs. men (37%, 95% CI: 36.4–37.6). Heartburn (24%, 95% CI: 23.4–24.6) and acidic reflux (14%, 95% CI: 13.6–14.4) were most common. With age, the prevalence of UGI symptoms decreased (e.g. 18–29 years: 43%, 95% CI: 41.4–44.3 vs. 50–69 years: 33%, 95% CI: 32.3–34.4); in contrast, the frequency of symptom episodes/year increased with age (e.g. 18–29 years: 11.3 episodes per years...