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‣ Rett syndrome with and without detected MECP2 mutations : an attempt to redefine phenotypes

Temudo, Teresa; Santos, Mónica; Ramos, Elisabete; Dias, Karin; Vieira, José; Moreira, Ana; Calado, Eulália; Carrilho, Inês; Oliveira, Guiomar; Levy, António; Barbot, Clara; Fonseca, Maria; Cabral, Alexandra; Cabral, Pedro; Monteiro, José; Borges, Lu
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
Background: The diagnosis of Rett syndrome (RTT) is based on a set of clinical criteria, irrespective of mutation status. The aims of this study were (1) to define the clinical differences existing between patients with Rett syndrome with (Group I) and without a MECP2 mutation (Group II), and (2) to characterize the phenotypes associated with the more common MECP2 mutations. Patients and methods: We analyzed 87 patients fulfilling the clinical criteria for RTT. All were observed and videotaped by the same paediatric neurologist. Seven common mutations were considered separately, and associated clinical features analysed. Results: Comparing Group I and II, we found differences concerning psychomotor development prior to onset, acquisition of propositive manipulation and language, and evolving autistic traits. Based on age at observation, we found differences in eye pointing, microcephaly, growth, number of stereotypies, rigidity, ataxia and ataxic-rigid gait, and severity score. Patients with truncating differed from those with missense mutations regarding acquisition of propositive words and independent gait, before the beginning of the disease, and microcephaly, growth, foot length, dystonia, rigidity and severity score, at the time of observation. Patients with the R168X mutation had a more severe phenotype...