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‣ LPS Removal from an E. Coli Fermentation Broth Using Aqueous Two-Phase Micellar System

LOPES, Andre M.; MAGALHAES, Perola O.; MAZZOLA, Priscila G.; RANGEL-YAGUI, Carlota O.; CARVALHO, Joao C. M. de; PENNA, Thereza C. V.; PESSOA JR., Adalberto
Fonte: JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD Publicador: JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In biotechnology, endotoxin (LPS) removal from recombinant proteins is a critical and challenging step in the preparation of injectable therapeutics, as endotoxin is a natural component of bacterial expression systems widely used to manufacture therapeutic proteins. The viability of large-scale industrial production of recombinant biomolecules of pharmaceutical interest significantly depends on the separation and purification techniques used. The aim of this work was to evaluate the use of aqueous two-phase micellar system (ATPMS) for endotoxin removal from preparations containing recombinant proteins of pharmaceutical interest, such as green fluorescent protein (GFPuv). Partition assays were carried out initially using pure LPS, and afterwards in the presence of E. coli cell lysate. The ATPMS technology proved to be effective in GFPuv recovery, preferentially into the micelle-poor phase (K(GFPuv) < 1.00), and LPS removal into the micelle-rich phase (%REM(LPS) > 98.00%). Therefore, this system can be exploited as the first step for purification in biotechnology processes for removal of higher LPS concentrations. (C) 2010 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 26: 1644-1653, 2010; Capes - Brazil; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq - Brazil); State of Sao Paulo Research Support Foundation (Fapesp - Brazil)

‣ Building the sugarcane genome for biotechnology and identifying evolutionary trends

Setta, Nathalia de; Monteiro-Vitorello, Cláudia Barros; Metcalfe, Cushla Jane; Cruz, Guilherme Marcelo Queiroga; Del Bem, Luiz Eduardo; Vicentini, Renato; Nogueira, Fábio Tebaldi Silveira; Campos, Roberta Alvares; Nunes, Sideny Lima; Turrini, Paula Cris
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Abstract Background Sugarcane is the source of sugar in all tropical and subtropical countries and is becoming increasingly important for bio-based fuels. However, its large (10 Gb), polyploid, complex genome has hindered genome based breeding efforts. Here we release the largest and most diverse set of sugarcane genome sequences to date, as part of an on-going initiative to provide a sugarcane genomic information resource, with the ultimate goal of producing a gold standard genome. Results Three hundred and seventeen chiefly euchromatic BACs were sequenced. A reference set of one thousand four hundred manually-annotated protein-coding genes was generated. A small RNA collection and a RNA-seq library were used to explore expression patterns and the sRNA landscape. In the sucrose and starch metabolism pathway, 16 non-redundant enzyme-encoding genes were identified. One of the sucrose pathway genes, sucrose-6-phosphate phosphohydrolase, is duplicated in sugarcane and sorghum, but not in rice and maize. A diversity analysis of the s6pp duplication region revealed haplotype-structured sequence composition. Examination of hom(e)ologous loci indicate both sequence structural and sRNA landscape variation. A synteny analysis shows that the sugarcane genome has expanded relative to the sorghum genome...

‣ Uma alternativa para o fortalecimento da inovação nas áreas farmacêutica e de biotecnologia no Brasil.; An alternative to reinforce the innovation in the pharmaceutical and biotechnological fields in Brazil.

Cavalcante, Fernando Castro Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/02/2009 Português
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O presente trabalho apresenta uma alternativa para despertar nos principais players do setor da inovação farmacêutica e biotecnológica um interesse maior em utilizar os resultados das invenções brasileiras de empresas e instituições de pesquisa na produção de novos medicamentos. Considerando o atraso brasileiro em relação aos processos de inovação que derivam do conhecimento cientifico e as inúmeras peculiaridades dessas inovações nas áreas farmacêuticas e biotecnológicas apresentamos algumas sugestões de incremento no arcabouço jurídico nacional com base em estruturas legais e, também, usando parte da legislação americana como paradigma para algumas mudanças. Nesse sentido, sugerimos a criação de sociedades de propósito específico entre os setores público e privado para o desenvolvimento da inovação, o que permitiria que questões estratégicas, como a co-titularidade das patentes, fossem dirimidas em acordos societários (quotistas ou acionistas). Além disso, recomendamos a constituição de um núcleo de inovação tecnológica em institutos de pesquisa como no Instituto Butantan para usufruir dos benefícios da lei de inovação, principalmente em relação ao licenciamento de patentes e, nos moldes do Bayh Dole Act em vigor nos Estados Unidos...

‣ A biodiversidade na indústria dos cosméticos: contexto internacional e mercado brasileiro; Biodiversity in cosmetics industry: international context and the Brazilian market

Miguel, Laís Mourão
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/02/2013 Português
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As transformações recentes no perfil dos mercados de consumo de cosméticos, aliadas aos avanços das pesquisas em biotecnologia, têm propiciado novas oportunidades para diversos segmentos industriais contemporâneos. Uma das inovações representativas desse processo está associada ao desenvolvimento de produtos cosméticos baseados na crescente utilização da biodiversidade de origem vegetal. Tendo como base geral as relações entre a biodiversidade, a biotecnologia e a bioindústria, o objetivo central deste trabalho consiste em analisar algumas experiências em curso na produção de cosméticos derivados de diversos tipos de ativos naturais e, ao mesmo tempo, avaliar as tendências e os desafios representados por esse segmento industrial. Constituem objeto de levantamento empírico, um grupo selecionado e representativo desse segmento de indústrias de diferentes portes instaladas no Brasil, destacando-se aquelas localizadas no estado de São Paulo, onde ocorre atualmente a sua maior concentração, e também na região de Provence-Alpes-Cotê DAzur, localizada na França. São examinadas sob essa perspectiva, também, algumas experiências internacionais mais conhecidas e que têm se destacado no mercado mundial de cosméticos justamente pela sua liderança e seu pioneirismo nessa modalidade de inovação.; The recent changes in the profile of consumer markets for cosmetics...

‣ Socioeconomic Impact of Genetically Modified Crops in EU Agriculture: An Innovation from Modern Biotechnology

GÓMEZ BARBERO Manuel
Fonte: University of Córdoba Publicador: University of Córdoba
Tipo: PhD Theses Formato: Printed
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This disseration ex post analyses the economic impact of the first GM crop introduced in the European Union, as well as the factors that have shaped its adoption by Spanish farmers. It also estimates ex ante the potential adoption of other GM crops not authorised for cultivation in the EU but widely introduced elsewhere. This is done under two coexistence scenarios (absence of and established regulated coexistence). Additionally, this dissertation includes a Chapter that sets GM crops within other biotechnology derived products in general and agro-food sector in particular. This Chapter is based on findings of the ¿Biotechnology for Europe¿ study (BIO4EU), an European Parliament request to the JRC-IPTS that assesses modern biotechnology applications and their consequences, opportunities and challenges for Europe in terms of economic, social and environmental aspects.; JRC.DDG.J-Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (Seville)

‣ The More You Spend, the More You Get? The Effects of R&D and Capital Expenditures on the Patenting Activities of Biotechnology Firms - IPTS WORKING PAPER on CORPORATE R&D AND INNOVATION - No. 6/2010

SANTARELLI ENRICO; PIERGIOVANNI Roberta
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
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This paper provides evidence on the mechanisms influencing the patent output of a sample of biotechnology firms from the input of indirect knowledge acquired from capital expenditures and direct knowledge from in-house R&D. Statistical models of counts are used to analyse the relationship between patent applications and R&D and capital expenditures. It focuses on biotechnology in the period 2002-2007 and is based on a unique data set drawn from various sources including the EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard, the European Patent Office (EPO), the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), and the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO/PCT). The statistical models employed in the paper are Poisson distribution generalisations with the actual distribution of patent counts fitting the negative binomial distribution and gamma distribution very well. Findings support the idea that capital expenditures ¿ taken as equivalent to technological change embodied in new machinery and capital equipment - may also play a crucial role in the development of new patentable items from scientific companies. For EPO patents, this role appears even more important than that played by R&D expenditures. The overall picture emerging from our analysis of the determinants of patenting in biotechnology is that the innovation process involves a well balanced combination of inputs from both R&D and new machinery and capital equipment.; JRC.DDG.J.3-Knowledge for Growth

‣ Initiating Joint Chinese-U.S. Activities on Biological Safety and Global Health Security

Center on Contemporary Conflict; Center on Contemporary Conflict
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
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Performer: National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Principal Investigator: Benjamin J. Rusek Cost: $125,000 Fiscal Year(s): 2014-2015; China is critically important to international health and biological security efforts, yet awareness and implementation of biosafety and biosecurity practices are inconsistent among life science researchers and others working with pathogens and dual-use biotechnology in China. In late 2012, the Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) began development of a bilingual Chinese- English biotechnology and biosecurity glossary. This reference guide sought to map common conceptual understandings of biosecurity and the impact of biotechnology on biosafety and biosecurity, and to exchange information on U.S. and Chinese safety and security regulations for high-containment laboratories.

‣ The CGIAR at 31 : An Independent Meta-Evaluation of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, Revised Edition

Operations Evaluation Department
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
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The original mission of the CGIAR was a strategic, science-based focus on increasing "the pile of rice on the plates of food-short consumers," as characterized by a former chairman. It was to use the best science in advanced countries to develop technologies for the benefit of food deficit countries and populations. But a rapidly changing external environment has led to an expanded mission and mandate. The mission statement adopted in 1998 is "food security and poverty eradication in developing countries through research, partnerships, capacity building, and policy support, promoting sustainable agricultural development based on the environmentally sound management of natural resources." Several forces continue to influence the CGIAR's mandate. First, the rise of civil society organizations and the empowerment of marginal groups and women have increased donors' attention to social concerns. By restricting their funding to preferred programs and areas, donors are altering the composition of CGIAR activities. Second...

‣ Regulation of Genetically Engineered Food Products: A Market-Oriented Perspective

Badros, Mark J.
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Paper (for course/seminar/workshop)
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Only twenty years after the landmark Asilomar meeting where scientists discussed the opportunities and possible risks presented by the ability to transfer DNA from one organism to another,' bioengineered products have moved outside the confines of the laboratory into commercial uses in the pharmaceutical and food-processing industries. Recent advances in molecular biology and the application of new technologies to the production of food have opened the door to a new world of bioengineered food. Agricultural biotechnology has the potential to "meet the needs of a rapidly growing population and minimize the toxic influences of traditional farming practices on the environment." Furthermore, it promises to improve human nutritional intake and can even aim to satisfy our desire for novel or exotic foods with aesthetically appealing textures, appearances and tastes. At the same time, however, the public remains suspicious of the uses to which genetic engineering may be put, as well as somewhat wary of the foods derived from genetically engineered organisms. Critics of the new technology have long argued that recombinant DNA techniques and products derived from them pose significant and ill-understood risks to human health and safety) Against this backdrop...

‣ Laminarbio

Ryan Christopher Hermens; Horacio Alberto Melo Torres
Fonte: Corporação de Fomento da Produção Publicador: Corporação de Fomento da Produção
Tipo: proyecto
Publicado em 03/04/2012 Português
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Laminarbio Provides State-of-the-art Microfluidic Rapid-prototyping Services And Control Equipment For the Latin American Markets. Worldwide Microfluidic Devices For Applications In the Pharmaceutical And Biotechnology Industries is Predicted To Exceed $4 Billion By 2016. Although Demand Exists These Core Microfluidics Prototyping Services Are Not Currently Available In the Latin; Laminarbio Provides State-of-the-art Microfluidic Rapid-prototyping Services And Control Equipment For the Latin American Markets. Worldwide Microfluidic Devices For Applications In the Pharmaceutical And Biotechnology Industries is Predicted To Exceed $4 Billion By 2016. Although Demand Exists These Core Microfluidics Prototyping Services Are Not Currently Available In the Latin; Laminarbio Provides State-of-the-art Microfluidic Rapid-prototyping Services And Control Equipment For the Latin American Markets. Worldwide Microfluidic Devices For Applications In the Pharmaceutical And Biotechnology Industries is Predicted To Exceed $4 Billion By 2016. Although Demand Exists These Core Microfluidics Prototyping Services Are Not Currently Available In the Latin; Corporación de Fomento de la Producción

‣ Phage Technologies S. A

Hans Fernando Pieringer Castro; Ricardo Catalan Gonzalez
Fonte: Corporação de Fomento da Produção Publicador: Corporação de Fomento da Produção
Tipo: proyecto
Publicado em 03/04/2012 Português
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Phage Technologies S. A is a Chilean Biotechnology Company Dedicated To the Development Of Technologies & Products That Solve Problems In Food Industry. Our Goal is To Develop Technologies That Allow Us To Create Innovative Biological Based Products That Will Change And Improve the Food Quality In Chile And the World.; Phage Technologies S. A is a Chilean Biotechnology Company Dedicated To the Development Of Technologies & Products That Solve Problems In Food Industry. Our Goal is To Develop Technologies That Allow Us To Create Innovative Biological Based Products That Will Change And Improve the Food Quality In Chile And the World.; Phage Technologies S. A is a Chilean Biotechnology Company Dedicated To the Development Of Technologies & Products That Solve Problems In Food Industry. Our Goal is To Develop Technologies That Allow Us To Create Innovative Biological Based Products That Will Change And Improve the Food Quality In Chile And the World.; Corporación de Fomento de la Producción

‣ Virulence Attributes and Host Response Assays for Determining Pathogenic Potential of Pseudomonas Strains Used in Biotechnology

Tayabali, Azam F.; Coleman, Gordon; Nguyen, Kathy C.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/11/2015 Português
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Pseudomonas species are opportunistically pathogenic to humans, yet closely related species are used in biotechnology applications. In order to screen for the pathogenic potential of strains considered for biotechnology applications, several Pseudomonas strains (P.aeruginosa (Pa), P.fluorescens (Pf), P.putida (Pp), P.stutzeri (Ps)) were compared using functional virulence and toxicity assays. Most Pa strains and Ps grew at temperatures between 28°C and 42°C. However, Pf and Pp strains were the most antibiotic resistant, with ciprofloxacin and colistin being the most effective of those tested. No strain was haemolytic on sheep blood agar. Almost all Pa, but not other test strains, produced a pyocyanin-like chromophore, and caused cytotoxicity towards cultured human HT29 cells. Murine endotracheal exposures indicated that the laboratory reference strain, PAO1, was most persistent in the lungs. Only Pa strains induced pro-inflammatory and inflammatory responses, as measured by elevated cytokines and pulmonary Gr-1 -positive cells. Serum amyloid A was elevated at ≥ 48 h post-exposure by only some Pa strains. No relationship was observed between strains and levels of peripheral leukocytes. The species designation or isolation source may not accurately reflect pathogenic potential...

‣ Accomplishments in Genome-Scale In Silico Modeling for Industrial and Medical Biotechnology

Milne, Caroline B.; Kim, Pan-Jun; Eddy, James A.; Price, Nathan D.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/12/2009 Português
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Driven by advancements in high-throughput biological technologies and the growing number of sequenced genomes, the construction of in silico models at the genome scale has provided powerful tools to investigate a vast array of biological systems and applications. Here, we review comprehensively the uses of such models in industrial and medical biotechnology, including biofuel generation, food production, and drug development. While the use of in silico models is still in its early stages for delivering to industry, significant initial successes have been achieved. For the cases presented here, genome-scale models predict engineering strategies to enhance properties of interest in an organism or to inhibit harmful mechanisms of pathogens. Going forward, genome-scale in silico models promise to extend their application and analysis scope to become a transformative tool in biotechnology.; Comment: Highlighted in "In this issue" section of Biotechnology Journal 12/2009

‣ Methods in Industrial Biotechnology for Chemical Engineers

Kandasamy, W. B. Vasantha; Smarandache, Florentin
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 13/07/2008 Português
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In keeping with the definition that biotechnology is really no more than a name given to a set of techniques and processes, the authors apply some set of fuzzy techniques to chemical industry problems such as finding the proper proportion of raw mix to control pollution, to study flow rates, to find out the better quality of products. We use fuzzy control theory, fuzzy neural networks, fuzzy relational equations, genetic algorithms to these problems for solutions. When the solution to the problem can have certain concepts or attributes as indeterminate, the only model that can tackle such a situation is the neutrosophic model. The authors have also used these models in this book to study the use of biotechnology in chemical industries. This book has six chapters. First chapter gives a brief description of biotechnology. Second chapter deals will proper proportion of mix of raw materials in cement industries to minimize pollution using fuzzy control theory. Chapter three gives the method of determination of temperature set point for crude oil in oil refineries. Chapter four studies the flow rates in chemical industries using fuzzy neutral networks. Chapter five gives the method of minimization of waste gas flow in chemical industries using fuzzy linear programming. The final chapter suggests when in these studies indeterminancy is an attribute or concept involved...

‣ Determinants of Patent Citations in Biotechnology: An Analysis of Patent Influence Across the Industrial and Organizational Boundaries

Petruzzelli, Antonio Messeni; Rotolo, Daniele; Albino, Vito
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 09/03/2014 Português
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The present paper extends the literature investigating key drivers leading certain patents to exert a stronger influence on the subsequent technological developments (inventions) than other ones. We investigated six key determinants, as (i) the use of scientific knowledge, (ii) the breadth of the technological base, (iii) the existence of collaboration in patent development, (iv) the number of claims, (v) the scope, and (vi) the novelty, and how the effect of these determinants varies when patent influence - as measured by the number of forward citations the patent received - is distinguished as within and across the industrial and organizational boundaries. We conducted an empirical analysis on a sample of 5671 patents granted to 293 US biotechnology firms from 1976 to 2003. Results reveal that the contribution of the determinants to patent influence differs across the domains that are identified by the industrial and organizational boundaries. Findings, for example, show that the use of scientific knowledge negatively affects patent influence outside the biotechnology industry, while it positively contributes to make a patent more relevant for the assignee's subsequent technological developments. In addition, the broader the scope of a patent the higher the number of citations the patent receives from subsequent non-biotechnology patents. This relationship is inverted-U shaped when considering the influence of a patent on inventions granted to other organizations than the patent's assignee. Finally...

‣ Tendencias en la investigación y modelos de publicación en el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas: agronomía frente a Biotecnología Vegetal

García-Carpintero, Esther; Plaza, Luis M.; Granadino, Begoña
Fonte: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España) Publicador: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 260698 bytes; application/pdf
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[ES] El objetivo de este estudio es identificar los cambios en las tendencias de investigación y los modelos de publicación de los científicos españoles en el área de Ciencias Agrarias del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) en respuesta a los nuevos desafíos y oportunidades producidos por el desarrollo de la Biotecnología Vegetal. Para alcanzar este objetivo, se analizó la producción científica del CSIC en las áreas de Agronomía y Biotecnología Vegetal, en las revistas recogidas por la base de datos «Science Citation Index» (SCI) e Índice de Ciencia y Tecnología (ICYT), durante el período 1996-2005. Los resultados muestran al CSIC como un importante generador de conocimiento en el área de agronomí, contribuyendo con un 40% del total de publicaciones españolas recogidas en SCI durante el período analizado. El porcentaje de publicaciones del área de Biotecnología Vegetal, que apenas llega a alcanzar un 20% en el año 2005.; [EN] The aim of this study was to identify changes in the research trends and publishing patterns of the Spanish Research Council (CSIC) scientists in the area of Agronomy, in response to the new challenges and opportunities arising from the continuing advances made in Plant Biotechnology. CSIC research output in the areas of Agronomy and Plant Biotechnology...

‣ The regional dimension of innovation and the globalization of science: the case of biotechnology in a peripheral region of the European Union

Todt, Oliver; Gutiérrez Gracia, Antonio; Fernández de Lucio, Ignacio; Castro Martínez, Elena
Fonte: John Wiley & Sons Publicador: John Wiley & Sons
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 134583 bytes; application/pdf
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10 pages, 3 figures.; This article presents the results of an analysis of the relationship between public sector research and industry development in the field of biotechnology in a peripheral region of the European Union: the Region of Valencia (Spain). It contributes empirical data on the delocalized impact of research-industry relations in a globalized economy. It also uncovers a gap between a relatively well-developed public research sector in biotechnology and a weak biotechnology industry. The analysis raises questions as to the role of the concept of predominantly local knowledge communities in regional innovation systems, as well as the model of linear technological development, both of which exert an important influence on decision making in research and development (R&D) and innovation. A high level of R&D is shown to be a necessary condition for stimulating innovation, but does not suffice. Rather, R&D must be integrated with a number of different actions to correct deficiencies in the regional innovation system.; The research project on which this paper is based was financed by the Valencian regional government (Contract no. I34/2001).; The research project on which this paper is based was financed by the Valencian regional government (Contract no. I34/2001).; Peer reviewed

‣ Co-classification between articles and patents: a study of the interaction between S & T Biotechnology Brazilian; CO-CLASSIFICAÇÃO ENTRE ARTIGOS E PATENTES: UM ESTUDO DA INTERAÇÃO ENTRE C&T NA BIOTECNOLOGIA BRASILEIRA

Moura, Ana Maria Mielniczuk de; Caregnato, Sonia Elisa
Fonte: UFPB Publicador: UFPB
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/07/2010 Português
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The article examines the interaction between science and technology (S&T) from a scientometrics perspective, using the technique of co-classification, also used in other studies (LEYDESDORFF, 2008c, BASSECOULARD; ZITTER, 2004, GLANZEL; MEYER, 2003). It aims at showing the transit of researchers and inventors from the area of Biotechnology in Brazil, from 2001 to 2005, through the scientific and technological spheres by means of the correlation between articles and patents of their own. The corpus is made up of 194 patents and 2584 articles, collected from the INPI Applications for Patents database and the WebofScience, respectively. The correlation between the subjects of the articles and patents was done by a specialist in the area of biotechnology, by mapping the categories proposed by Glänzel and Schubert (2003) and the codes of the International Patent Classification (IPC). The results indicate the area of Biotechnology in Brazil is characterized by an interaction between S&T, as shown by the co-classification between the two types of documents produced by the researchers, which reached the percentage of 83.4%.; Analisa a interação entre a ciência e a tecnologia (C&T) a partir de um enfoque cientométrico, utilizando a técnica de co-classificação...

‣ Liberal democracy and the genetic supermarket: Autonomy and freedom in Jürgen Moltmann's political theology and biotechnology

Kotzé,Manitza
Fonte: Stellenbosch Theological Journal Publicador: Stellenbosch Theological Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
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In this article, the concept of"liberal democracy" and its implications for biotechnology such as human genetic engineering will be examined. Liberal democracy is characterised by a number of features, some of which has extensive repercussions on biotechnology, especially concepts such as the equal protection of human rights, civil rights, civil liberties, political freedom for all people and autonomy and libertarianism. Advocates of human genetic engineering for purposes other than the healing of genetically transmitted diseases often appeal to these features in the quest for its legalisation. I will examine whether the attributes of liberal democracy would indeed justify the use of this type of biotechnology and if yes, what a possible theological response would be, drawing on the political theology of Jürgen Moltmann.

‣ Biosafety why and for whom? Latin America on target

Ramírez,José Luis
Fonte: ASOCIACIÓN INTERCIENCIA Publicador: ASOCIACIÓN INTERCIENCIA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2003 Português
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Latin American countries (LAC), as never before face contrasting forces from economical, ecological and social sectors influencing their decision to embrace or not a modern biotechnology based agriculture. An unevenly scientifically educated general public, when challenged by economical and ecological lobbying groups, frequently overreacts, hampering clear sighted and knowledge based decision making. In this essay, several critical issues proper of LAC are addressed. A survey of the situation in three countries is presented and several recommendations are advanced. Finally the role of the United Nations University Programme Biotechnology for Latin America and the Caribbean in empowering LAC institutions to deal with the challenges of agri-biotechnology is highlighted.