Página 7 dos resultados de 1719 itens digitais encontrados em 0.049 segundos

‣ The consideration of implementation issues in the drafting of public policy : an interdisciplinary analysis of the Massachusetts Blanced Growth and Development Act

Welles, Virginia Chrisman
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 112 leaves; 7805713 bytes; 7805474 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Virginia Chrisman Welles.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 1981.; MICROFICHE COPY AVAILABLE IN ARCHIVES AND ROTCH.; Bibliography: leaves 107-109.

‣ Seeing the city within the context of human experience both past and present : a framework for planners to learn about the city and inform planning practice

Altman, Andrew D. (Andrew Dana)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: [4], 100, [7] leaves; 5403060 bytes; 5402817 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Andrew D. Altman.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 1987.; Title as it appeared in Massachusetts Institute of Technology Graduate List June 1987: Tenacity amidst change; the experience of the Russian Jewish community of Society Hill, Philadelphia.; Bibliography: leaves 95-100.

‣ A tangible interface for a virtual reality presentation and design; TIVR presentation and design

Oishi, Jun, 1966-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 58 p.; 2662378 bytes; 2667530 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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It is important for city planning projects and large-scale building construction to involve stakeholders and feedback their opinion to the project. This thesis introduces a Tangible Interface for Virtual Reality Presentation and Design (TIVR). TIVR is designed to establish an intuitive, interactive user interface that will enable better communication between architects, city planners, clients, neighborhoods, and stakeholders. This thesis also evaluates the effectiveness by experimental conditions. The results suggests that TIVR provide a better condition for stakeholders to understand the project and state their opinion.; by Jun Oishi.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2004.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 58).

‣ Urban Main Street redevelopment : a comparison of the developer-driven and the community-driven approach

Strong, Amanda G. (Amanda Gail), 1965-; Stroud, Alexandra J. 1967-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 99 leaves; 6401084 bytes; 6411084 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Amanda G. Strong [and] Alexandra J. Stroud.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2002.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 95-97).

‣ Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) : does it give indigenous peoples more control over development of their lands in the Philippines?; Free, Prior and Informed Consent : does it give indigenous peoples more control over development of their lands in the Philippines?

Co, Ronilda R. (Ronilda Rosario)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 168 leaves
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The 1998 Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) grants indigenous peoples (IPs) in the Philippines the right to Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) with regard to development projects undertaken on their ancestral lands. My thesis explores whether the current practice of generating such consent guarantees indigenous peoples the control over development, particularly in relation to mining, that such procedures were designed to ensure. Two case studies involving the Mamanwa and the Manobo tribes in Region XIII of Mindanao suggest that the government agencies involved failed to follow the rules set out in the officially approved guidelines that govern the conduct of the FPIC process. The National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) - the operating agency for FPIC in the Philippines - does not seem to have either the facilitation skills or an understanding of the complexity of issues involved required to achieve the goals of the 1998 IPRA. NCIP does not have the resources it needs to do its job and at times appears powerless vis-a-vis the mining companies and the Philippine government which has aggressively pursued the expansion and deregulation of the mining industry. In my two representative case studies, the mining companies used the promise of financial benefits at the outset of the consultations to short circuit the required FPIC process. Long-term social and environmental impacts and benefits were hardly discussed. The responses of the mining companies to concerns expressed by the tribes were not transparent. The Memorandums of Agreement (MOAs) produced in both cases hardly mentioned what would be done to meet the concerns of the aboriginal leadership before...

‣ Heritage partnerships : national designation, regional promotion and the role of local preservation organizations

Morton, Elizabeth, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 222 p.
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In this dissertation, I examine the impact of one important type of "heritage partnership," the National Heritage Areas (NHA) program, on historic preservation activities at the grassroots level. NHAs, often termed the "future of our National Parks," have been administered by the National Park Service since the mid-1980s. These projects aim to mobilize local initiatives around a common set of distinct community assets and foster public-private partnerships addressing preservation and development issues on a regional scale. The two case studies I use to explore this issue are the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor and the Southwestern Pennsylvania Heritage Preservation Commission (or "Path of Progress"). My analysis focuses on the relationship between two key players: the federal government and local preservation organizations (LPOs). I use the cases to test two hypotheses: 1) By valorizing local resources, national designation will benefit the organized preservation movement; and 2) By crafting and promoting a distinct regional heritage, these projects will mobilize grassroots institutions to work together.; (cont.) To achieve the objectives of local engagement and partnerships, NHAs try to in effect create two new resources...

‣ Industry's master machine : factory planning and design in the age of mass production, 1900 to 1930

Biggs, Lindy B
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 236 p.
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by Lindy B. Biggs.; Thesis (Ph.D)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 1987.; MICROFICHE COPY AVAILABLE IN ARCHIVES AND ROTCH.; Includes bibliographies.

‣ Uncommon ground : property, coordination, and rebuilding New Orleans

Stewart, Paul (Paul Burleson)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 66 leaves
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Following Hurricane Katrina, difficult decisions must be made by both government and investors with respect to reconstitution of New Orleans' housing stock and neighborhoods. For investors, risk and uncertainty abound. For planners, a careful balance between property rights and comprehensive planning is required. The fate of several neighborhoods hangs in the balance. What will it take to recapture the value these neighborhoods once held? Specifically, will the market arrive at a solution or is government intervention called for, and if so at what level? Likewise, what role is warranted for the third sector - nonprofit and community organizations? The thesis argues that private developers and government agencies may be poorly equipped to the task, and formal or informal sub-municipal level organizations may be better positioned to engender successful rebuilding by accommodating and reconciling the interests of individual property owners.; by Paul Stewart.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2006.; This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 61-66).

‣ Impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets

Li, Yu, 1976-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 152 p.
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The debate on the impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets focuses on (1) whether modern inventory control and supply- chain configuration consolidate manufacturing and distribution locations and (2) whether modern logistics have reduced the demand for industrial real estate. In this research, I test the hypothesis that modern logistics have been restructuring industrial manufacturing and distribution networks, dispersing firms into certain regions to achieve the economies of dispersion, and reducing the demand for industrial space per unit of industrial output. The methodology used includes (a) theoretical analysis, (b) statistical and econometric analysis, (c) case studies, and (d) comparative analysis. Because the theoretical analysis does not provide a clear conclusion, I rely on empirical analyses to derive the actual impact or implications. Principle findings from the U.S. empirical study include (1) the changes in the distribution sector have a more significant impact on industrial location choice and property markets than the changes in the manufacturing sector; (2) both manufacturing and distribution industries have been dispersed in the past two decades; (3) improvement of inventory control is almost ubiquitous and...

‣ New spaces for living and working in the creative economy

England, Krystal Ann, 1977-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 136 p.; 2172256 bytes; 2313382 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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With economic development agencies and city planners increasingly aware of the role of the arts in local economies, artist housing appears to be an essential step in the cultivation and retention of an arts community. While artists' lofts are typically thought of as converted post-industrial structures, there is a need for new construction in areas where postindustrial structures are too expensive, not suitable for conversion, or nonexistent. This thesis looks at new construction of artist housing from the developer's standpoint to discover how developers can create new live/work space for artists. It explores the development of three new artists' live/work projects (The Banner Building in Seattle WA, Laconia Lofts in Boston MA, and ARTBLOCK 731 in Boston MA) to determine how and why a developer should consider building new artists' live/work space. The thesis begins with a brief review of the various forces which have led to the arts' recognition as a significant economic driver at the national, regional, and community levels. It then analyzes the space needs of artists at the individual level. These needs are contrasted with those of the developer who is faced with the challenge of developing new space for artists under regulatory and financial constraints. The three case studies inform a framework of conditions under which artists' live/work space should be considered and developed. The cases indicate the need for a certain degree of government involvement in artists' live/work development...

‣ Fear and loathing in Massachusetts : Chapter 40B, community opposition, and residential property value

Ritchay, David J. (David James), 1976-; Weinrobe, Zoe R. 1977-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 208 p.; 12229921 bytes; 12229727 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis asks and answers an important question in the heated debate concerning M.G.L.c. 40B, the state's Comprehensive Permit Law: "Do large-scale, high-density Chapter 40B multi- family rental developments negatively impact nearby single-family property values in suburban Boston communities?" We ask the question because of the widespread belief that one of the strongest motives for resident opposition to 40B projects is the fear that homes values surrounding these multi-family developments will decrease. In an effort to resolve the debate, we design a rigorous research methodology to examine the impact of introducing a large-scale multi-family rental development into a neighborhood of single-family homes. We develop strict case selection criteria that identify nine 40B developments located in eight suburban communities. These case studies represent some of the most egregious, controversial, and dense Chapter 40B developments in the Boston metropolitan area; in other words, a suburbanite's worst nightmare. After selecting the cases, we establish conservative impact areas, which include only the single-family homes mostly likely to be affected by each respective 40B development. Our process for identifying impact areas restricts the boundaries to essentially abutters and immediate neighbors of each of the nine developments. The purpose for carefully establishing such impact areas is to objectively measure single-family home price changes over time as 40B developments are announced...

‣ Incentive zoning and environmental quality in Boston's Fenway neighborhood

DeFlorio, Joshua (Joshua C.)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: [181] p. in various pagings:
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A density bonus, also called incentive zoning, is a conditional liberalization of zoning regulations, allowing a real estate development to exceed as-of-right density limits in exchange for the in-kind provision or purchase of a public amenity, often affordable housing or public open space. I explore employing LEED certification, an increasingly well-known proxy for environmental quality, as the density bonus amenity. In theory, the idea is to link profitable real estate development with environmental sustainability. In practice, my primary interest is in the tradeoffs between the perceived burdens of greater density and the potential benefits of enhanced environmental quality. I begin by examining the economic, public policy, and legal underpinnings of the density bonus idea, followed by a consideration of bonus calibration methods in current use, and determine that none adequately accounts for the public's valuation of density bonus amenities. In response, I explore the applicability of public valuation methods employed in the fields of environmental and real estate economics, before turning to scholarship on public participation for guidance. In the second section, with the fundamentals of incentive zoning better defined, I add LEED to the mix.; (cont.) Employing LEED as a bonus amenity/public benefit has the potential to yield...

‣ Enhancing North Texas' built environment : improvements to design review in Dallas and Fort Worth

Cullum, Belton Allen
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 125 p.
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Design review is a government-supported process through which individuals representing the public interest critique, commend and advise proposed development projects' potential impacts on the built environment. These independent public interest representatives come together in a number of forms, including design review boards, planning commissions, and citizen' advisory committees, and they receive various levels of guidance from government in terms of the design criteria upon which they base their judgments and recommendations. This thesis asks what has caused the differences in design review between two cities in Texas, Dallas and Fort Worth, and it suggests adjustments that could improve the process in both of them. The analysis that follows focuses on five key features of the design review - the authority of the design review board, the credibility of the board, the role of the design review board staff, the triggers necessary for project review to take place, and the nature of the design guidelines/standards utilized by board members as they make their decisions.; (cont.) Through the exploration of these five features as they exist in each city, I examine the strengths and weaknesses of design review in Dallas and Fort Worth. Once I have clarified the differences...

‣ Discerning alpha investments in Downtown Manhattan's asset market : the financial feasibility of office-to-residential redevelopment and the planning implications for Lower Manhattan economic development

Suh, Sung-Min Thomas, 1975-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 95 leaves; 3747721 bytes; 4333078 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Sung-Min Thomas Suh.; Thesis (M.C.P. and S.M. in Real Estate Development)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2004.; This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.; Vita.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 92-95).

‣ How does participation in the framing, review, and incorporation of scientific information affect stakeholder perspectives on resource management decisions?

Peyser, Jennifer Leigh
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 119 p.; 6842942 bytes; 6850391 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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The conventional environmental impact statement (EIS) decision-making process, governed by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), represents the prevailing practice with regard to public involvement in science-intensive policy disputes. The efficacy of the current system, however, has been widely criticized in terms its methods of public involvement. One shortfall is that, although agencies solicit public input at various points, they do not involve stakeholders in a meaningful way in the scientific work associated with environmental decision-making. In particular, agencies give the public only a small role in framing scientific studies and no role in research interpretation or incorporation of science into decision-making. Further, agencies' attempts to involve stakeholders in technical questions, while well intentioned, are seldom designed in such a way as to maximize legitimacy of the process or credibility of the science used to craft the plan or policy. Joint fact finding is a process by which stakeholders work with scientists and decision-makers to frame, review, and incorporate scientific information into policy decisions. Through literature review and case studies of three approaches to public involvement, joint fact finding is explored as a process with the potential to improve the legitimacy and credibility of environmental assessments. While a broad range of stakeholder views were found...

‣ Developing resident leadership : theory and practice in Boston's neighborhoods

Alleyne, Kim L
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 117 p.; 8346878 bytes; 8354072 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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For decades, Boston residents have worked together and organized to strengthen and protect their neighborhoods, often in response to encroaching government policy and local development. The South End's Villa Victoria housing complex is a testament to the work of Puerto Rican residents to gain site control and save the area from demolition under Urban Renewal in 1968. In the 1960s, residents in several communities lobbied the state to stop the destruction of their homes as part of a planned extension of the interstate highway. Today, the Southwest Corridor Park reminds us of that successful organizing effort. It represents the first time federal funds were used to develop a combined open space and transit system.; by Kim L. Alleyne.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Urban Studies and Planning, 2005.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 95-100).

‣ Institutional expansion, community relations, and the hospital next door

Solheim, Karla Nyreen
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 119 p.; 6823781 bytes; 6831192 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Hospitals play many roles in a city: alternately, they may be caretakers of the sick, economic engines, intellectual hubs, major employers, and neighbors. This last role has evolved greatly over the last 45 years. The relationship between hospitals and the communities in which they are located has been affected by constantly changing economic, political, and social factors. During the early days of urban renewal in the 1950s and early 1960s, large teaching hospitals in Boston experienced a surge of political and economic power that allowed them to expand with few constraints, often to the detriment of their residential neighbors. Today, the same hospitals must broker complex deals with their neighbors if they wish to expand, offering up a host of community benefits. The process by which the hospital-community power dynamic has evolved has been shaped by the mediating entity of the Boston Redevelopment Agency, which is in turn influenced by the Mayor's Office in Boston. Despite their many roles in the city, it is their sheer physical presence that drives hospitals' relationships with their neighbors. The health care and employment benefits they can provide are not major bargaining chips in disputes over expansion; the important considerations are the tangible elements of power - money and land. The primacy of physical presence as a relationship driver can be illustrated by the differences in the negotiation process that hospitals directly bordering residential communities and extending into them experience...

‣ Paying for public transportation : the optimal, the actual, and the possible

Antos, Justin David
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 122 p.
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Passenger transportation poses challenges to American cities in the form of air pollution, traffic congestion, auto collisions, and barriers to mobility. Public transit has the potential to be part of a solution to these urban problems, yet transit agencies across the country clamor for more resources. Transit finance in the U.S. is heterogeneous, and rarely approached with a comprehensive view of transit's social benefits. This thesis suggests a framework for a more rational magnitude and incidence of public transit funding based on a more comprehensive view of transit's social benefits. I take up the case of the Chicago metropolitan region and quantify the transit system's major emissions, safety, congestion, and mobility benefits. Next, I survey and highlight current practices in transit finance from other cities in North America and Western Europe. Finally, I assess the size, structure, and distribution of burden of Chicago's current transit funding status quo against theoretical and practical principles of transit funding and offer a range of financing alternatives to solve the current fiscal crisis in Chicago.; (cont.) I find evidence that the social benefits of public transportation in Chicago outweigh its costs, suggesting that preserving transit services there is justifiable. Transit's benefits accrue to a variety of jurisdictions in diverse and measurable ways which the current funding structure does not approximate. I find evidence that of the multiple beneficiaries of transit in the region...

‣ The potential for bus rapid transit to promote transit oriented development : an analysis of BRTOD in Ottawa, Brisbane, and Pittsburgh

Judy, Meredith H. (Meredith Hampton)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 114 p.
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This thesis explores the conditions under which bus rapid transit (BRT) can promote transit oriented development (TOD). At a time when cities throughout the U.S. are searching for methods to reduce road congestion and limit greenhouse gas emissions, it is critical that city leaders have access to research that can best direct their decisions. Most literature recognizes that, without government intervention, TOD is unlikely at rail stations. The question of whether BRT can promote TOD, however, has not previously been explored. Ottawa, Brisbane, and Pittsburgh serve as case study examples of cities with BRTOD. Analysis of these three cities demonstrates a range of conditions under which BRTOD has occurred. Ottawa has concentrated development at many stations, but it is only where a special effort was made to consider pedestrian conditions and a mix of uses that TOD emerged. Brisbane's BRTOD is the result of careful government efforts to locate BRT stations near existing and planned development that could easily conform to the TOD pattern. Pittsburgh's two BRTOD projects are the result of a community based initiative to shape a neighborhood's new growth. The experiences of all three cities can be used to guide future transit and land use planning in U.S. cities.; by Meredith H. Judy.; Thesis (M.C.P.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

‣ Micro-level return and volatility drivers in Boston's single family home market

Valenta, Jay, 1969-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 30 leaves; 1259841 bytes; 1259650 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Developers and investors commonly target neighborhoods close to the urban core and with low median incomes as potential growth markets. Investments in these areas however are often perceived by private sector capital as being high risk and low return. An understanding of the predictors of investment volatility and return is critical to investors and homeowners who wish to maximize investment returns and portfolio growth. Moreover, for mortgage lenders who are obligated to invest in a wide spectrum of communities, volatilities in house prices may affect the distribution of their collateral values, the probability of default, and the profitability of lending in certain areas. This paper addresses the following questions: Does appreciation return and volatility in metropolitan house prices vary significantly among zip code areas? Can the variation in appreciation return and volatility among these areas be explained by additional data? This paper uses appreciation and volatility statistics calculated from a repeat sale index of house prices in metropolitan Boston compiled biannually by Case Schiller Weiss (CSW) as well as data gathered from the 2000 U.S. Census and the 1997 Economic Census.; by Jay Valenta.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...