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‣ Proceedings of the International Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Policy Forum

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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This document presents the highlights of speaker presentations, breakout groups, ensuing discussions, conclusions, and next steps as presented at the International Grid- Connected Renewable Energy (RE) Policy Forum. The conferences purpose was to facilitate increased use of grid-connected RE in the developing world. In the course of the three-day meetings, speakers and participants addressed the challenge of scaling up the use of RE for grid power supply. The interactive forum was designed to focus on four core topics: 1) incorporation of RE in power sector frameworks; 2) economic valuation of RE; 3) RE policy instruments; and 4) private sector investment in RE. The forum also presented issues and offered solutions, lessons learned, best practices, and country-specific case studies

‣ Doubling the Rate of Improvement of Energy Efficiency

Sinton, Jonathan; Sarkar, Ashok; Jaques, Ivan; Bushueva, Irina
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Over the 20-year period between 1990 and 2010, strong demo¬graphic and economic growth around the world caused global primary energy consumption to grow at a compound annual rate of 2 percent annually. Even so, falling energy intensity (the amount of energy used to produce a unit of economic output) meant that global energy demand in 2010 was more than 20 percent lower than it otherwise would have been. The energy intensity of the global economy fell during the period from 10.2 to 7.9 megajoules per U.S. dollar (2005 dollars at PPP). The reduction was driven by cumulative improvements in energy efficiency, partially offset by growth in activity, resulting in energy savings of nearly 2,300 exajoules over the 20-year period. Doubling the rate of improvement of global energy efficiency is one of the three complementary objectives of the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative. Launched in the UN General Assembly in September 2012 and co-chaired by the president of the World Bank Group and the UN Secretary-General...

‣ Energy and Emissions : Local and Global Effects of the Rise of China and India

Shalizi, Zmarak
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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Part 1 of the paper reviews recent trends in fossil fuel use and associated externalities. It also argues that the recent run-up in international oil prices reflects growing concerns about supply constraints associated with declining spare capacity in OPEC, refining bottlenecks, and geopolitical uncertainties rather than growing incremental use of oil by China and India. Part 2 compares two business as usual scenarios with a set of alternate scenarios based on policy interventions on the demand for or supply of energy and different assumptions about rigidities in domestic and international energy markets. The results suggest that energy externalities are likely to worsen significantly if there is no shift in China's and India's energy strategies. High energy demand from China and India could constrain some developing countries' growth through higher prices on international energy markets, but for others the "growth retarding" effects of higher energy prices are partially or fully offset by the "growth stimulating" effects of the larger markets in China and India. Given that there are many inefficiencies in the energy system in both China and India...