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‣ Um sistema de informações para usuários de transporte coletivo em cidades de médio porte; A transit information system for medium-sized cities

Marques, Henrique do Nascimento
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/05/1998 Português
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O presente trabalho propõe a implantação de um sistema de consulta por telefone para usuários de transporte coletivo, baseado num Sistema de Informações Geográficas (SIG), oferecendo dentre outras informações referentes ao sistema de transporte público, as rotas ótimas entre origens e destinos informados pelos passageiros. Este sistema se fundamenta em uma base de dados ampla e atualizada, com uma grande gama de informações sobre a rede de transporte público, incluindo: cadastro de logradouros, malha de circulação viária, pontos de parada e itinerários de linhas de ônibus. Escolheu-se como estudo de caso o sistema de transporte coletivo da cidade de São Carlos - SP, cujas principais informações foram obtidas na forma cartográfica e transferidas para o formato digital, via mesa digitalizadora e através de rotinas específicas do software. Os dados espaciais e atributos, necessários a aplicação do sistema proposto, foram processados em um software para SIG, denominado TransCAD, que constitui uma poderosa ferramenta de planejamento, gerência, operação e análise de sistemas de transporte. Os resultados aqui obtidos indicam que é viável implementar um sistema de consulta dessa natureza em cidades de porte médio...

‣ Interoperabilização de sistemas de informação : uma estratégia de coleta contínua de dados secundários para estudos de transportes; Information systems interoperability : a strategy for collecting secondary data continuosly to provide a basis for transportation studies; Interoperabilización de sistemas de información : uma estrategia de colecta continua de datos secundários para estudios de transportes

Kunze, Alex Alberto Cordon
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
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Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Faculdade de Tecnologia, Departamento de Engenharia Civil e Ambiental, 2009.; O transporte tem como papel o deslocamento de pessoas e bens que é propiciado pelo sistema complexo de vias, terminais e usuários que o compõem. Deficiências nesse sistema complexo são identificadas na rotina da sociedade e comprometem tal papel do transporte; as deficiências são as causas dos problemas de transportes e, quanto mais complexos, maior é a necessidade de planejamento que integra os interesses dos diversos atores desse ambiente. Estudos de transportes devem ser realizados para evitar ou, pelo menos, atenuar as consequências desses problemas. A realização dos estudos depende diretamente da qualidade e da disponibilidade dos dados utilizados para a sua condução. Os dados podem ser obtidos por coleta primária, secundária ou por ambas. É evidente nos dias atuais o considerável volume de dados e informações existentes, e muitos deles encontram-se estruturados em bancos de dados que já são utilizados por sistemas de informação. Entretanto, nem sempre esses dados estão acessíveis ou são compatíveis com as necessidades de informação de tais estudos. Assim, o desenvolvimento de processos e métodos que permitam a obtenção de dados como esses...

‣ A New Device for Alveolar Bone Transportation

Vega, Omar; Pérez, Daniel; Páramo, Viviana; Falcón, Jocelyn
Fonte: Thieme Medical Publishers Publicador: Thieme Medical Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2011 Português
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We present a retrospective review of a new technique for the transportation of alveolar bone using a Hyrax device modified by the principal author (O.A.V.). There were seven patients (five males and two females), including five patients with cleft palate and lip diagnosis, one patient with a high-speed gunshot wound, and one patient with facial trauma sequel due to mandibular fracture. They were all treated with an alveolar bone transportation technique (ABT) through the use of the modified Hyrax device (VEGAX). Before surgery, distraction osteogenesis of the bifocal type was performed on four patients, and the trifocal type was performed on the other three patients. However, in one case, direct dental anchorage was not used, only orthodontic appliances. In all the cases, new bone formation and gingival tissue around the defect were obtained, posterior to the alveolar distraction process; no complications were observed in any patient. In one case, two teeth involved in the disk of the ABT were extracted, due to a previous condition of periodontal disease. The alveolar bone transport with the VEGAX device is an accessible technique for almost every patient with alveolar defects due to diverse causes. In all the presented cases, predictability and success were demonstrated.

‣ Accessible Transportation, Geographic Elevation, and Masticatory Ability Among Elderly Residents of a Rural Area

Hamano, Tsuyoshi; Tominaga, Kazumichi; Takeda, Miwako; Sundquist, Kristina; Nabika, Toru
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Given that public transportation networks are often worse in rural areas than in urban areas, rural residents who do not drive can find it difficult to access health-promoting goods, services, and resources related to masticatory ability. Moreover, geographical location, assessed by elevation, could modify this association. The aim of this study was to test whether the association between access to transportation and masticatory ability varied by elevation. Data were collected from a cross-sectional study conducted in Mizuho and Iwami counties, Japan. Objective masticatory ability was evaluated using a test gummy jelly and elevation was estimated by the geographic information systems according to the participant’s address. After excluding subjects with missing data, 672 subjects (Mizuho = 401 and Iwami = 271) were analyzed. After adjustment for potential confounders, being a driver was not significantly associated with masticatory ability among elderly people living at low elevation (≤313 m) in Mizuho county. However, after the same adjustment, being a driver remained significantly associated with increased masticatory ability among elderly at high elevations. Similar findings were observed in Iwami county. Accessible transportation was significantly associated with increased mastication ability in elderly people living at high elevations...

‣ Avaliação da acessibilidade de pessoas com deficiência física no transporte coletivo urbano; Evaluation of the accessibility to the people with physical disabilities in the urban public transportation

Rabelo, Gilmar Borges
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
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O tema acessibilidade de pessoas com deficiência tem sido motivo de grande polêmica nos vários segmentos da sociedade, principalmente perante o setor econômico. No caso específico do transporte coletivo, seja ele urbano ou interurbano, muitas são as adequações necessárias para torná-lo acessível, principalmente para as pessoas portadoras de deficiência. O objetivo geral deste trabalho foi analisar a acessibilidade das pessoas com deficiência física no transporte coletivo urbano com referência ao cumprimento das leis e normas técnicas. Como objetivo específico fez-se uma avaliação da acessibilidade no serviço de transporte público da cidade de Uberlândia, MG por meio de pesquisas com usuários portadores de deficiência. Além disso, foram observados os espaços, a partir das calçadas públicas, que são utilizadas para o transporte a pé, bem como equipamentos e veículos utilizados na prestação do serviço de transporte coletivo. No sistema de transporte coletivo da cidade de Uberlândia foi verificado o que já foi implantado, como funciona e se o serviço está adequado às leis existentes. Ao final, foram apresentadas algumas diretrizes para orientação dos profissionais fiscalizadores e operadores do transporte coletivo na implantação e complementação do serviço. Espera-se que este trabalho proporcione aos leitores maior entendimento das necessidades de um transporte coletivo que possa ser utilizado por qualquer pessoa...

‣ Incomplete, Slow, and Asymmetric Price Transmission in Ten Product Markets of Bolivia

Varela, Gonzalo J.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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With food prices on the rise, understanding the transmission of price shocks, both internationally and domestically, is central for trade policy analysis. This paper examines spatial market integration and its determinants for ten key food products in Bolivia, across the four most important cities, and with the world, over the period 1991-2008. Within Bolivia, markets for onions, chicken, sugar, and to a lower extent for potatoes, cooking oil, wheat flour, and rice are integrated. However, only chicken, sugar, cooking oil, and rice are integrated with world markets, with incomplete and slow transmission. The perennial result of asymmetric price adjustment to foreign shocks also holds for Bolivia: domestic prices respond faster when the world price increases than when it decreases. This points to a perennial recommendation: the importance of stimulating competitive practices to avoid welfare redistribution due to imperfect competition. Infrastructure improvements will also contribute to accessible food prices for the poor.

‣ Bus Rapid Transit Accessibility Guidelines

Rickert, Tom
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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In recent years helpful guides have appeared in both English and Spanish to assist planners and officials to construct accessible buildings and pedestrian infrastructure which are usable by seniors, persons with disabilities, and all others who especially benefit from universal design. Less has been written about access to public transport systems. Very little guidance is available concerning specific issues which confront those planning Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems, mass transit systems which incorporate a spectrum of design and operational features on integrated trunk and feeder routes and which were initiated in Latin America and are now spreading throughout the region and beyond. The guidelines focus on the BRT environment and assume that interested parties can take advantage of existing guidelines to clarify general issues of access to public space, buildings, and pedestrian infrastructure. The guidelines generally follow the travel path of a passenger using a full-featured Bus Rapid Transit system. The accessible travel chain begins with sidewalks and pedestrian crossings and continues into a typical mid-island station served by buses with left-side doors (in countries where traffic drives on the right side). Buses pull up to an enclosed station with a ramped platform the height of the bus floor. The guidelines then focus on station features...

‣ Disaster Risk Management in the Transport Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
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Natural hazards regularly impact the performance of transport systems and their ability to provide safe, reliable, efficient, and accessible means of transport for all citizens, especially in emergency situations. Despite the frequency of natural hazards, and the threat of more extreme and variable weather as a result of climate change, there is still no systematic approach to addressing natural disasters in the transport sector and there is little knowledge that has been disseminated on this topic. This report offers a framework for understanding the principles of resilience in transport. It provides practical examples, gathered from an extensive secondary literature review and interviews, of the measures that transport professional can implement in transport projects.

‣ The Metro Manila Greenprint 2030; Building a Vision

Metropolitan Manile Development Authority; World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work :: City Development Strategy; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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The Greenprint 2030 is a resolute attempt on the part of MMDA to engage all stakeholders in a process to create a common vision for the region’s future. For the first time, all 16 cities and one municipality comprising Metro Manila are linked under one vision that sets developmental priorities for the region and provides direction to achieve those priorities. The vision is formulated within the wider Mega Manila context, considering the shared challenges and opportunities with adjacent provinces. Like other metropolitan plans, Greenprint 2030 starts with a vision. However, it differs from the comprehensive metropolitan planning exercises in that it focuses on developing strategic areas of opportunity. Through the vision process, connectivity, inclusiveness, and resilience emerged as the key entry points for strategic engagement. Based on the vision the Greenprint 2030 will provide metropolitan wide spatial guidance, demonstrate coordination mechanisms, and identify areas for catalytic investments. The green in Greenprint goes beyond trees and open spaces green is efficient transportation...

‣ Planning, Connecting, and Financing Cities--Now : Priorities for City Leaders

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
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This report provides Mayors and other policymakers with a policy framework and diagnostic tools to anticipate and implement strategies that can avoid their cities from locking into irreversible physical and social structures. At the core of the policy framework are the three main dimensions of urban development. · Planning— where the focus is on making land transactions easier, and making land use regulations more responsive to emerging needs especially to coordinate land use planning with infrastructure, natural resource management, and risks from hazards; · Connecting—where the focus is on making a city’s markets (for labor, goods, and services) more accessible to neighborhoods in the city and to other cities. Here the focus is also on investing in public transport, and pricing private transport fully; and · Financing— where the focus is on how a city can leverage its own assets to finance new assets for example, through land value capture, establishing creditworthiness for local governments and utilities to access domestic debt and bond markets and how to set clear and consistent rules to attract private investors to create jobs in cities. This report also distills lessons from prototypes urbanization diagnostics which have been piloted to reflect challenges for countries at nascent (Uganda...

‣ Mali : Transport Support to Sustainable Economic Growth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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This Economic and Sector Work (ESW) is consistent with the objectives laid out for the transport sector in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), and the Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), with its two primary objectives focused on strengthening existing reforms, and, helping define a forthcoming reform program. The proposed transport sector strategy relies on three pillars to: 1) promote sustainable development of transport infrastructure, ensuring adequate allocation of financial, and human resources to infrastructure maintenance; 2) increase transport sector efficiency, through sound market, and fiscal policies that support the rapid modernization of Mali's transport companies; and, 3) support cross sectoral initiatives, primarily in the areas of economic competitiveness, road safety, rural poverty alleviation, and in addition, to support HIV/AIDS prevention, and health services accessibility. Since transport costs represent a significant share of the imported costs of intermediary goods used in building up Mali's export capacity...

‣ Bhutan : Transport Sector Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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Landlocked Bhutan faces unique challenges, and opportunities as it pursues the development of its transport sector into the 21st century. Bhutan's population growth rate is high, rural-urban migration is accelerating, and, fueled by sustained economic growth, the country is urbanizing rapidly, giving rise to an expanding urban middle class, with rising expectations of well-paid employment, accessible services, and consumption potential. However, accessibility to a large measure depends on availability of reliable, and affordable transportation. Poor rural access is synonymous with rural isolation, and poverty, while high external and domestic transport costs constrain the country's economic and social development. Transportation poses a considerable cost disadvantage to business and commercial undertakings; road transport is slow and regularly disrupted by landslides and flooding; air transport is costly and erratic. Costly transport is a major factor constraining the development of tourism, horticultural exports...

‣ Tu silla express - Rueda sobre ruedas

Gil Maldonado, Diana Marcela; Torres Díaz, Mónica Tatiana
Fonte: Universidad Icesi; Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Económicas; Departamento de Gestión Organizacional Publicador: Universidad Icesi; Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Económicas; Departamento de Gestión Organizacional
Tipo: masterThesis; Tesis de Maestria Formato: PDF; 86 páginas : ilustraciones; Digital; Application PDF
Português
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Discapacidad, movilidad e independencia son palabras que en Bogotá no van de la mano, aunque existen intenciones de incluir a la población con discapacidad, para una persona en silla de ruedas poder movilizarse por la ciudad es algo que sólo funciona en el papel. Ante esta necesidad básica y con el objetivo de crear una empresa rentable que brinde una opción de transporte digna a este nicho de mercado desatendido, se propone la creación de "Tu Silla Express". Tu Silla Express, es una empresa de servicio de transporte público especial tipo taxi, para personas en silla de ruedas en la ciudad de Bogotá, en donde los usuarios no tienen que bajar de su silla durante el trayecto, pueden solicitar personal de asistencia o llevar hasta dos acompañantes. Para la compañía es indispensable brindar a los usuarios un servicio cómodo, trato amable y un precio accesible. Así, Tu Silla Express brinda una opción de independencia y solución para que los usuarios se integren fácilmente a actividades cotidianas.; Disability, mobility and independency are words that in Bogotá do not match. Even though there are inclusions intents, accessible transportation for a person in wheel chair is something that only works on paper. Considering that basic necessity and with the objective to create a profitable company which offers an option to these niche market...

‣ Making our offices universally accessible: guidelines for physicians

Jones, K E; Tamari, I E
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/03/1997 Português
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OBJECTIVE: To develop recommendations for office-based physicians who wish to make their offices accessible to all patients. OPTIONS: Include taking steps to make offices more accessible, or not; offices may be accessible to varying degrees. OUTCOMES: Outcomes of accessibility involve patient-care, economic, ethical and legal issues. Stakeholders in these outcomes include patients, physicians, government and society. EVIDENCE: Data were obtained from a series of searches of MEDLINE, CINAHL and Healthstar (previously Health) databases for articles on disability and family medicine, primary (health) care and family practice, and on access and offices, and health services accessibility, and from a telephone survey of 50 stakeholders. VALUES: A high value was placed on services to persons with disabilities and on stakeholder input. Universal accessibility was valued as an overall goal; improved accessibility was also highly valued. BENEFITS, HARMS AND COSTS: Benefits to patients include improved access to care as guaranteed by the Canada Health Act and in keeping with provincial Human Rights Codes. Benefits to physicians include contact with a broader patient population and freedom from fear of litigation. Costs of improved accessibility vary depending on individual circumstances and on whether an office is being built or renovated; some improvement costs are minimal. RECOMMENDATIONS: All physicians should take measures to improve practice accessibility. Improved access should be considered in each of the following areas: transportation and entrance to the facility...

‣ User-based representation of time-resolved multimodal public transportation networks

Alessandretti, Laura; Karsai, Márton; Gauvin, Laetitia
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/09/2015 Português
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Multimodal transportation systems can be represented as time-resolved multilayer networks where different transportation modes connecting the same set of nodes are associated to distinct network layers. Their quantitative description became possible recently due to openly accessible datasets describing the geolocalised transportation dynamics of large urban areas. Advancements call for novel analytics, which combines earlier established methods and exploits the inherent complexity of the data. Here, our aim is to provide a novel user-based methodological framework to represent public transportation systems considering the total travel time, its variability across the schedule, and taking into account the number of transfers necessary. Using this framework we analyse public transportation systems in several French municipal areas. We incorporate travel routes and times over multiple transportation modes to identify efficient transportation connections and non-trivial connectivity patterns. The proposed method enables us to quantify the network's overall efficiency as compared to the specific demand and to the car alternative.; Comment: 24 pages, 8 figures

‣ Electric Avenue: Two Case Studies on the Economic Feasibility of the Electrification of Transportation (Solar Charging Stations in CA & University Buses in NC)

Kolomeets-Darovsky, Daniel B.
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project Formato: 829520 bytes; 1317174 bytes; 5904929 bytes; 1218650 bytes; text/xml; text/xml; application/vnd.ms-powerpoint; application/pdf
Português
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The 2007 IPCC report solidified that global climate change is occurring due to the release of greenhouse gases (GHGs) by the anthropogenic activity of burning of fossil fuels. The effects reach beyond the realms of the environment and into health, public policy, national security and the economy. In the U.S., transportation is the largest energy user by end-use sector and I have chosen to focus on the electrification of transportation as one of the more promising approaches to the sector that addresses at the same time multiple facets of the environmental crisis. This is accomplished through the building of bottom-up, spreadsheet-based financial models because economic considerations are the main drivers of the adoption of these kinds of alternative solutions. Two types of solutions are considered: (1) solar charging stations for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and electric vehicles (EV) in California, and (2) a comparative look at diesel hybrid vs. electric buses for Duke University. The Financial Feasibility Model (FFM) for solar charging stations in California shows there are many combinations of user-selected inputs that yield profitable investment outcomes. This is applicable for all three scenarios with Scenario 1 achieving the break-even point quicker than Scenario 2 and...

‣ Pedestrian-Lighting Options and Roles of Responsibility Within Unincorporated Delaware Communities - A Working Paper

Patterson, Theodore; Gillespie, Ryan
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
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funded by the Delaware Department of Transportation; The purpose of this working paper is to document the research on the roles of responsibility and options for improving pedestrian lighting in unincorporated areas in Delaware. As a result of northern Delaware’s unique location within the Northeast corridor and southern Delaware’s tourist attractions and beaches, transportation challenges will revolve around improving current infrastructure to adapt and accommodate multiple modes of transportation in the 21st century. A road network that is accessible and integrated with bus routes, pedestrian connections, bike lanes, and rail transport is a network that will be well positioned to handle northern Delaware’s growing demand for efficient transportation systems. Unincorporated areas of Kent and Sussex Counties will require enhancements to transportation networks as Delaware’s population expands from urban northern Delaware to the more suburban and rural southern areas of the state. While pedestrian-lighting is desirable, there are several issues regarding lighting responsibilities within unincorporated areas of Delaware that include the following: • Determining options for fixture-styles • Financing capital costs for the purchase of poles and fixtures • Installing and maintaining the fixtures over the long term • Light-pollution mitigation • Financing annual maintenance costs and improvements This working paper reviews current practices in Delaware...

‣ Optimizing Accessible Taxi Service to Augment Traditional Public Transit Services in Delaware

Tuttle, Douglas; Eaton, Kristen
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Outros
Português
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published and funded by the Delaware Center for Transportation; As one of the most rapidly “graying” states in the nation, Delaware soon will be faced with significant growth in the demand for public transportation services that meet the needs of an increasingly older population. This population, moreover, is more likely to require assistance due to one or more disabilities that may affect individuals’ ability to go outside their homes. Coupled with an ongoing shift of the state’s population from the more urban north to the more rural south and a growing desire among older adults to “age in place” if at all possible, the impact this “graying” phenomenon on the state’s already burdened paratransit bus system will become unmanageable unless programmatic changes are implemented. The purpose of this report is to explore the efficacy of raising Delaware’s taxi industry from its current balkanized status to a level of accessibility and performance that will permit it to augment the state’s traditional public transit services. The report’s title employs the phrase “optimizing accessible taxi service” but, as quickly became clear in the process of inventorying the nature and extent of existing services, the term truly understates the magnitude of the change that is required. In Delaware...

‣ Enhancing Mobility to Improve Quality of Life for Delawareans

Scott, Marcia; Calkins, Allison; Coons, Robert
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Outros
Português
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In recent years, a new vision for transportation policy and planning has emerged that includes a focus on community livability, transportation accessibility, and transportation equity. Livable communities integrate transportation and land-use planning to achieve more sustainable growth, development, and accessibility of residents. The new vision for transportation policy and planning also stresses the need to invest in transportation accessibility—or multi-modal transportation systems that serve people of all ages, abilities, ethnicities, and incomes. Transportation and land-use planning need to be assimilated to manage growth, focus on infill development, preserve community character, and provide equitable and accessible transportation options. Delaware’s changing demographic landscape—particularly its growing senior population— elevates the need to develop transportation options that accommodate all users and abilities, increase connectivity among modal options, link transportation and land-use planning, and create communities that are more livable and accessible.; funded by the Delaware Department of Transportation

‣ Investing in existing passenger rail and building new high-speed services will help to decarbonize America’s transportation

Kamga, Camille
Fonte: The London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: The London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/05/2015 Português
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In the U.S. today, driving is easy, accessible, relatively affordable, and convenient. But Americans’ reliance on the car has huge impacts on CO2 emissions and encourages unsustainable urban sprawl. Camille Kamga writes that making better and more efficient cars is not the answer to these problems; he argues that more, better, faster rail services are needed. These kinds of investments will take advantage of emerging trends away from driving and car ownership and will help to decarbonize America’s transportation.