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‣ O posicionamento da UDN sobre o projeto de reforma agrária do governo João Goulart (1963-1964): estratégias de silenciamento da polifonia enunciativa; The simulacrum built by the National Democratic Party (UDN) against the discourse of the Government of Goulart (1963-1964) about the agrarian reform: the argumentative strategies used by the discourse of UDN

Leibruder, Ana Paula
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/02/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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No início da década de 1960, o Congresso Nacional testemunhou um dos debates mais acirrados de sua história política: em pauta, as reformas de base propostas pelo governo João Goulart, dentre as quais se destacava a reforma agrária. Ao colocar em risco interesses há muito instituídos, esta proposta havia sido recebida com extrema hostilidade por grande parte dos deputados de oposição ao governo, em sua maioria membros da União Democrática Nacional (UDN): representando os interesses dos setores conservadores da sociedade brasileira, foi o partido que mais ativamente participou do movimento conspiracionista que resultaria na deposição de João Goulart em 31 de março de 1964. Considerando-se o caráter polêmico do projeto de reforma agrária apresentado pelo governo Goulart, delimitou-se, como objetivo desta pesquisa, analisar a representação negativa (o simulacro) que o discurso da UDN constrói do discurso do governo Goulart sobre a reforma agrária, tendo em vista "reduzir" o discurso governamental à perspectiva em que fundamenta o seu próprio discurso, a saber, a defesa da propriedade privada da terra e da economia de mercado. Para tanto, selecionou-se como corpus de pesquisa uma declaração de voto de autoria dos deputados Aliomar Baleeiro...

‣ A questão agrária no Brasil e a bancada ruralista no congresso nacional; The agrarian issue in Brazil and the rural caucus in the National Congress

Costa, Sandra Helena Gonçalves
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/09/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Esta dissertação tem foco na ação dos deputados e senadores que compuseram e ainda compõem a Bancada Ruralista do Congresso Nacional, em um contexto de consolidação do neoliberalismo da economia e de acirramento das disputas políticas e dos conflitos territoriais que marcam a questão agrária no Brasil nas últimas décadas (1995-2010). As questões abordadas discutem a importância do estudo deste sujeito social na Geografia Agrária brasileira, também o papel das organizações de representação dos interesses da classe dos proprietários de terra, como a União Democrática Ruralista (UDR). Analisa também a constituição de relações de poder em torno do patrimônio, parentesco e política, que resultam na acumulação de bens e renda, principalmente a renda fundiária. Destarte, foi imprescindível considerar os desdobramentos históricos da formação da propriedade privada da terra no Brasil, e o papel das oligarquias estaduais na qual foram gestadas determinadas lideranças políticas tradicionais que fazem parte desta bancada. A partir da análise das biografias e do estudo sistemático dos dados declarados pelos parlamentares ao Cadastro do Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária (INCRA) no ano de 2003 e dos bens declarados à Receita Federal e entregues a Justiça Eleitoral...

‣ O problema do financiamento: uma análise histórica sobre o crédito no complexo cafeeiro paulista. Casa Branca (1874-1914)

Fontanari, Rodrigo
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 180 f. : il. color., mapas, gráfs., tabs.
Português
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Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Pós-graduação em História - FCHS; Este trabalho visa analisar algumas facetas da cadeia do crédito no complexo cafeeiro paulista, entre 1874 e 1914. Busca-se compreender as formas de financiamento que possibilitaram a expansão do núcleo agroexportador cafeeiro mesmo no momento em que a atividade creditícia era pouco institucionalizada e formalizada no país, valendo-se para isso de arranjos alternativos na tentativa de superar o denominado problema do financiamento. Verifica-se, assim, a importância da atividade creditícia para a cristalização do complexo cafeeiro. A pesquisa está ancorada em fontes primárias de origem cartorial, principalmente as dívidas hipotecárias e os penhores agrícolas, passíveis de quantificação, e na análise da bibliografia existente, de caráter mais generalizante, de forma que se procura fundamentar as interpretações a nível local, ou seja, no estudo da parte – para o qual selecionamos a cidade de Casa Branca, no interior de São Paulo – a fim de tecer correlações com o todo da história econômica paulista e do avanço do capitalismo no Brasil. Tenta-se, ainda, apreender como a dinâmica do crédito impediu o transbordamento dos capitais gerados na economia agrária de exportação de fixarem-se na cidade; This paper aims to examine some facets of the credit chain in the São Paulo State coffee complex between 1874 and 1914. We want to understand the ways of financing that allowed the expansion of the coffee agro-exporting center even when the credit activity was little institutionalized and formalized in the country...

‣ MST : formação política e reforma agrária nos anos de 1980; MST : political formation and agrarian and agrarian reform in the 80s

Fabiana de Cássia Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/02/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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se examina a formação política no Movimento dos Trabalhadores Sem Terra (MST). O objetivo foi identificar a compreensão sobre a reforma agrária difundida no Movimento nos anos de 1980. Parte-se da hipótese de que o MST nasceu em meio a um reflorescer das lutas contra a ditadura e sua economia política, a partir de um entendimento teórico da realidade brasileira vinculado ao Programa Democrático e Popular, formulado pelo Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT). O papel atribuído à reforma agrária neste Programa teve papel fundamental no horizonte das lutas do MST. Neste contexto, a formação política orientou-se por elucidar as possibilidades imediatas de conquista da terra, amparando-se no Estatuto da Terra de 1964. O capítulo I apresenta os fundamentos teóricos marxistas e históricos que sustentam nossa interpretação sobre a questão agrária no Brasil. O capítulo II aborda a política agrária da ditadura de 1964 e os seus resultados para o crescimento dos conflitos no campo em todo o país, contexto que enseja a criação do MST. O terceiro capítulo examina a formação política como um dos âmbitos da educação, realizando uma análise crítica deste tema na pedagogia do Movimento. No quarto capítulo são enfocadas as influências advindas do PT e da CPT na formulação dos argumentos em torno da defesa da Reforma Agrária...

‣ From an agrarian society to a knowledge economy: Portugal, 1950-2010

Lains, Pedro, 1959-; Pereira, Álvaro Santos
Fonte: Universidad Carlos III Publicador: Universidad Carlos III
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em //2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.114292%
This paper surveys the main features of Portuguese economic growth in the last half century, with a particular emphasis on the period after the return to democracy in 1974. It shows that significant structural change and capital deepening were the chief sources of growth in the Portuguese economy until the mid 1970s. From then onwards, human capital accumulation and productivity growth were the main reasons behind Portugal’s economic fortunes. Growth declined between these two phases, as in the rest of Europe. In Portugal, it slowed further after 1990. After surveying the main causes of the slowdown of the Portuguese economy in the last decade, Portugal’s main human capital indicators are compared to other European and OECD economies. While Portugal has made a remarkable transition from an agrarian society to an industry- and service-based economy, the country still has not been able to successfully move on to a knowledge-based economy. Such a transition, however, is instrumental to spur economic growth on and to improve productivity.

‣ Climate Change and Macro-Economic Cycles in Pre-Industrial Europe

Pei, Qing; Zhang, David D.; Lee, Harry F.; Li, Guodong
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/02/2014 Português
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Climate change has been proven to be the ultimate cause of social crisis in pre-industrial Europe at a large scale. However, detailed analyses on climate change and macro-economic cycles in the pre-industrial era remain lacking, especially within different temporal scales. Therefore, fine-grained, paleo-climate, and economic data were employed with statistical methods to quantitatively assess the relations between climate change and agrarian economy in Europe during AD 1500 to 1800. In the study, the Butterworth filter was adopted to filter the data series into a long-term trend (low-frequency) and short-term fluctuations (high-frequency). Granger Causality Analysis was conducted to scrutinize the associations between climate change and macro-economic cycle at different frequency bands. Based on quantitative results, climate change can only show significant effects on the macro-economic cycle within the long-term. In terms of the short-term effects, society can relieve the influences from climate variations by social adaptation methods and self-adjustment mechanism. On a large spatial scale, temperature holds higher importance for the European agrarian economy than precipitation. By examining the supply-demand mechanism in the grain market...

‣ From Farm to Firm : Rural-Urban Transition in Developing Countries

Dudwick, Nora; Hull, Katy; Katayama, Roy; Shilpi, Forhad; Simler, Kenneth
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Around the world, countries are becoming urbanized at an astonishing pace. As countries develop economically, their economies shift from mainly rural and agrarian to increasingly urban and nonagricultural. This rural-urban transformation presents both opportunities and challenges for development. When managed effectively, the transformation spurs growth and reduces poverty. When managed poorly, however, the process can result in stark welfare disparities, the marginalization of entire regions, and poorly functioning cities that fail to realize the potential gains from agglomeration economies. This book investigates the rural-urban transformation underway in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, emphasizing the influence of country conditions as well as the potential of good policies to minimize disparities and ensure that everyone shares in the benefits of urbanization. The first part of this book investigates urbanization and rural-urban welfare inequalities on three geographic scales global, national, and local featuring countries and cities in Sub-Saharan Africa on the national and local levels. The second part of the book sheds light on the texture of transformation in five countries in South Asia...

‣ Ethiopia : Re-Igniting Poverty Reduction in Urban Ethiopia through Inclusive Growth

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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Ethiopia in the decade up to 2005 has been characterized by robust growth rates of the urban economy, where a still limited share of the population lives. The urban economy has been estimated to contribute at least half of gross domestic product (GDP) (53 percent in 2002/03) and to explain a significant part of its growth. Only an estimated 12.6 percent of the poor live in urban areas and the overwhelming concentration of poverty in rural areas seem unlikely to be reversed in the medium term. Sustained growth, to be shared among a relatively small part of the population, could have been expected to reduce poverty significantly in urban areas, but this has not been the case. While poverty incidence remains lower in urban than in rural areas, rural areas have made significant progress and the rural-urban gap in poverty incidence is decreasing.

‣ Reforming Supply of Policy Land in India : Policy Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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This note summarizes the key findings of the attached consultant report. India is still primarily a rural, agrarian economy in which land use and land rights are an emotional issue. Prior to 1990 the presumption was that only residual land (non agricultural) would be made available for industrial use and because the state was the principal industrial investor the state would acquire any land needed. After 1990 the expectation was that private investors would act to acquire industrial land but a set of policy and institutional problems have left both investors and landholders unhappy and have impeded industrial development. This report documents the nature of the policy and institutional constraints to industrial land acquisition by the private sector and recommends policy changes to address them. The broad objectives of this study are to: identify issues related to availability of land for industry and those pertaining to purchase of land by private sector and/or purchase/acquisition of land by Government for private sector industrial investments; examine the related constraints that impede the functioning of an effective land market in the country and recommend possible solutions to address such constraints; and suggest alternatives for making suitable land available to private sector industrial investors with necessary social and environmental safeguards.

‣ Crisis agrarias y problemas de abastecimiento en el Guadix de la crisis del Antiguo R??gimen

Lara Ramos, Antonio
Fonte: Universidad de Granada Publicador: Universidad de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Art??culo de la secci??n: Estudios; Una de las situaciones que provocaban las crisis agrarias en el Antiguo R??gimen era el desabastecimiento de cereales en la poblaci??n. En una econom??a b??sicamente agraria, como la de Guadix, el fen??meno se produc??a con relativa frecuencia. La falta de estos granos impulsaba a las autoridades locales a recurrir a los que estaban almacenados en los p??sitos municipales y a los que pose??an grandes propietarios. Uno de ??stos era la Iglesia, quien a lo largo de la crisis del Antiguo R??gimen la veremos jugar un papel importante en toda esta situaci??n. Autoridad civil y autoridad eclesi??stica mantendr??n una relaci??n continua: una, velando porque la poblaci??n se encuentre abastecida y evite sufrir una situaci??n de hambre; otra, aportando su trigo y obteniendo una ganancia destacada. En este panorama, asistimos a una evoluci??n de los precios que marcar?? las pautas de cada momento.; One of the situations that caused the agrarians crisis in the Ancient Regime was the cereal shortage for the people. In a basically agrarian economy, like the one of Guadix, the phenomenon happened with some frequency. The lack of those grains boosted the local authorities to turn to the communal granary and the big owners looking for provisions. One of them was the Church...

‣ The agrarian economy of the region of Évora in the first half of the 17th century (1595-1660): an exploration of main indicators

Santos, Rui
Fonte: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Laureano Figuerola: Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales Publicador: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Laureano Figuerola: Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este artículo intenta establecer la cronología y dinámica de la depresión del siglo XVII en la región de Évora, en el sur de Portugal. El examen de un conjunto de variables clave –estadísticas vitales, precios de alimentos y renta de la tierra– sitúa el inicio de la depresión en la última década del siglo XVI, así como su continuación hasta 1660. Se detectan varios intentos de recuperación, pero todos ellos cortados por malas cosechas, a veces asociadas con epidemias y guerra. En conjunto, las alzas de precios de los alimentos aparecen asociadas con signos de depresión en las demás variables. Esto parece indicar que esas alzas venían dictadas por el comportamiento de la oferta, no de la demanda, pesando gravemente sobre los ingresos de la mayor parte de las familias, mientras que los campesinos resultaban incapaces de aprovecharlas.; This article tries to establish the chronology and dynamics of the 17th century economic depression in the region of Évora, in Southern Portugal. By examining a set of key variables –vital statistics, prices of foodstuffs and farm rents– the onset of the depression is located in the last decade of 16th century, and its continuation up to 1660 is attested. A number of attempts to recovery are detected...

‣ From an agrarian society to a knowledge economy : Portugal, 1950-2010

Santos Pereira, Álvaro; Lains, Pedro
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/octet-stream; application/octet-stream; application/pdf
Publicado em /10/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
28.114292%
This paper surveys the main features of Portuguese economic growth in the last half century, with a particular emphasis on the period after the return to democracy in 1974. It shows that significant structural change and capital deepening were the chief sources of growth in the Portuguese economy until the mid 1970s. From then onwards, human capital accumulation and productivity growth were the main reasons behind Portugal’s economic fortunes. Growth declined between these two phases, as in the rest of Europe. In Portugal, it slowed further after 1990. After surveying the main causes of the slowdown of the Portuguese economy in the last decade, Portugal’s main human capital indicators are compared to other European and OECD economies. While Portugal has made a remarkable transition from an agrarian society to an industry- and service-based economy, the country still has not been able to successfully move on to a knowledge-based economy. Such a transition, however, is instrumental to spur economic growth on and to improve productivity.

‣ Land Allocation in Vietnam's Agrarian Transition

Ravallion, Martin; van de Walle, Dominique
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.589846%
While liberalizing key factor markets is a crucial step in the transition from a socialist control-economy to a market economy, the process can be stalled by imperfect information, high transaction costs, and covert resistance from entrenched interests. The authors study land-market adjustment in the wake of Vietnam's reforms aiming to establish a free market in land-use rights following de-collectivization. Inefficiencies in the initial administrative allocation are measured against an explicit counterfactual market solution. The authors' tests using a farm-household panel data set spanning the reforms suggest that land allocation responded positively but slowly to the inefficiencies of the administrative allocation. They find no sign that the transition favored the land rich or that it was thwarted by the continuing power over land held by local officials.

‣ Does Rising Landlessness Signal Success or Failure for Vietnam’s Agrarian Transition?

van de Walle, Dominique; Ravallion, Martin
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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In the wake of reforms to establish a free market in land-use rights, Vietnam is experiencing a pronounced rise in rural landlessness. To some observers this is a harmless by-product of a more efficient economy, while to others it signals the return of the pre-socialist class-structure, with the rural landless at the bottom of the economic ladder. The authors' theoretical model suggests that removing restrictions on land markets will increase landlessness among the poor, but that there will be both gainers and losers, with uncertain impacts on aggregate poverty. Empirically, they find that landlessness is less likely for the poor and that the observed rise in landlessness is poverty reducing on balance. However, there are marked regional differences, notably between the north and the south.

‣ Land in Transition : Reform and Poverty in Rural Vietnam; Dat dai trong thoi ky chuyen doi : cai cach va ngheo doi o nong thon Viet Nam

Ravallion, Martin; van de Walle, Dominique
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The policy reforms called for in the transition from a socialist command economy to a developing market economy bring both opportunities and risks to a country's citizens. In poor economies, the initial focus of reform efforts is naturally the rural sector, which is where one finds the bulk of the population and almost all the poor. Economic development will typically entail moving many rural households out of farming into more remunerative (urban and rural) non-farm activities. Reforms that shift the rural economy from the relatively rigid, control-based farming institutions found under socialist agriculture to a more flexible, market-based model in which production incentives are strong can thus play an important role in the process of economic growth. However, such reforms present a major challenge to policy makers, who are concerned that they will generate socially unacceptable inequalities in land and other dimensions relevant to people's living standards. This book studies how the changes in land institutions and land allocation required for Vietnam's agrarian transition affected people's living standards-notably that of the country's rural poor. Living standards means household command over commodities...

‣ New Structural Economics : A Framework for Rethinking Development; Nueva economia estructural : un marco para reformular el desarrollo

Lin, Justin Yifu
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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As strategies for achieving sustainable growth in developing countries are re-examined in light of the financial crisis, it is critical to take into account structural change and its corollary, industrial upgrading. Economic literature has devoted a great deal of attention to the analysis of technological innovation, but not enough to these equally important issues. The new structural economics outlined in this paper suggests a framework to complement previous approaches in the search for sustainable growth strategies. It takes the following into consideration: First, an economy's structure of factor endowments evolves from one stage of development to another. Therefore, the optimal industrial structure of a given economy will be different at different stages of development. Each industrial structure requires corresponding infrastructure (both "hard" and "soft") to facilitate its operations and transactions. Second, each stage of economic development is a point along the continuum from a low-income agrarian economy to a high-income industrialized economy...

‣ A Revolução Agrária Cubana: conquistas e desafios

Paz, Juan Valdés
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Estudos Avançados
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Após o triunfo da Revolução em 1959, iniciou-se uma profunda transformação da sociedade cubana, primeiro política, depois social e, desde muito cedo, agrária. A Revolução Cubana foi a superação da questão agrária originada na etapa republicana e uma opção socialista para o desenvolvimento socioeconômico do país, do qual o desenvolvimento agrário tem sido um eixo fundamental. A superação dessa "questão agrária" do socialismo cubano determina as estratégias em curso e suas metas imediatas. Como parte desse processo, examinamos seis aspectos que caracterizaram seu desenvolvimento; são eles: a estrutura da pose de terra; o uso do solo; a organização agrária; o modelo tecnológico; a economia agrária; e o desenvolvimento da sociedade rural.; Con el triunfo de la Revolución en 1959, se inició una profunda transformación de la sociedad cubana, primero política, después social y desde muy tempranamente, agraria. La Revolución Cubana fue la superación de la cuestión agraria originada en la etapa republicana y una opción socialista para el desarrollo socioeconómico del país, del cual el desarrollo agrario ha sido un eje fundamental. La superación de esta "cuestión agraria" del socialismo cubano, determina las estrategias en curso y sus metas inmediatas. Como parte de ese proceso...

‣ ; A questão agrária hoje e os desafios do governo Lula

Marques, Marta Inez Medeiros
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/12/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper has the objective to think about the challenges to be faced by Lula´s government to implement an agrarian reform policy able to fulfil the social emancipation potential which represents the land access democratization in the brazilian society context.Aiming to emphasize new faces and elements shown by this problem nowadays, as to a better understanding of its structural traces, this text makes a short historical retrospect about the struggle for the agrarian reform from mid-twentieth century on, and analyses the State actions in favor of this policy developed after 1985.Finally, after some considerations about Lula´s government first initiatives in this area, four fundamental aspects related to the agrarian question he will have to face are analysed: (a) the peasant production situation in its relation with brazilian economy opening; (b) the precarious conditions of productive and social infra-structure at the settlements; (c) the punctual and emergencial character of agrarian reform actions; (d) keeping a significant part of our country population, and not only of it, in a second-class citizens situation.; Este artigo tem como objetivo refletir sobre os desafios a serem enfrentados pelo Governo Lula na implementação de uma política de reforma agrária capaz de realizar o potencial de emancipação social que representa a democratização do acesso à terra no contexto da sociedade brasileira.Visando ressaltar novas faces e elementos apresentados por esta problemática hoje...

‣ Os cursos de Max Weber: economia política, Política agrária e Questão dos trabalhadores (1894-1900); The courses of Max Weber: political economy, Agrarian policy and The worker question (1894-1900)

Aldenhoff-Hübinger, Rita
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
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The article presents and comments on central aspects of the courses given by Max Weber in Freiburg and Heidelberg between 1894 and 1900. It focuses in particular on his courses on agrarian policy and on the worker question, both the topic of courses given numerous times over the initial years of Weber's academic career. Hence the article investigates: Weber's academic and intellectual trajectory over the period, the courses given, the material that has come down to us from these courses and how the texts have been edited, the content and structure of the courses, and the extent to which they influenced Weber's later work.; O artigo apresenta e comenta aspectos centrais dos cursos de Max Weber ministrados em Freiburg e Heidelberg entre 1894 e 1900. Trata-se sobretudo dos cursos sobre política agrária e sobre a questão dos trabalhadores, que foram objeto de cursos ministrados repetidas vezes ao longo daqueles anos iniciais da carreira docente de Weber. O artigo investiga, portanto: a trajetória acadêmica e intelectual de Weber no período, os cursos ministrados, o material que chegou até nós desses cursos e como ele foi editado, o conteúdo e a estruturação dos cursos e em que medida eles exerceram influência na obra posterior de Weber.

‣ Growth and retardation in the Ottoman economy, the case of Ottoman Selanik, 1876-1912.

Akarli, Ahmet Orhun
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2001 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Selanik became one of most modernised and dynamic regions of the Ottoman Empire. With its tightly knit marketing networks and extensive railway systems, relatively well-developed financial markets, fluid land market, modem factories, burgeoning urban areas and port-cities, Selanik had clearly become one of the leading commercial regions of the entire eastern Mediterranean basin by the turn of the twentieth century. Two primary forces underlay the process of economic modernisation in the region, namely the capitalist world economy and the reform efforts of the Ottoman government. Enhanced integration with the world economy brought new opportunities and helped bolster economic modernisation in the region. The reform efforts and infrastructure investments of the Ottoman state also contributed to the moment of commercialisation and modernisation. Notwithstanding the impressive dynamism and apparent modernisation of the regional economy, serious processes of retardation and backwardness also surfaced rather strongly during the same period. Ironically, the very same forces that generated much dynamism in the regional economy also prepared the structural ground for retardation and backwardness. More specifically...