Página 1 dos resultados de 19 itens digitais encontrados em 0.005 segundos

‣ Nome aos bois. Zebus e zebuzeiros em uma pecuária brasileira de elite; Naming the oxen. Zebus and Zebuzeiros in the Brazilian cattle elite

Leal, Natacha Simei
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/10/2014 Português
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Está é uma tese sobre homens e bois. Através de pesquisa de campo em feiras agropecuárias, centrais de inseminação artificial, laboratórios, fazendas e do exame de registros genealógicos, manuais zootécnicos e outros textos e documentos publicados ou de arquivo, são explorados sob uma perspectiva antropológica aspectos e conceitos do âmbito do parentesco, das biotecnologias, da economia, das políticas de Estado relacionados a um segmento particular da pecuária no Brasil: o gado de elite. A pecuária de elite é um ramo da bovinocultura que produz espécimes reprodutores desenvolvidos para melhorar a qualidade de espécimes de comuns, de corte, que são encaminhados aos frigoríficos. Ao mesmo tempo, esse ramo se realiza em alto grau de autonomia em relação à pecuária de corte, constituindo um mercado com regras e atores específicos. O trabalho se concentra sobre a narrativa de uma invenção brasileira, do Triângulo Mineiro o gado zebu , que como tantas outras invenções nacionais, se fez a partir de investimentos nas ideias de sangue, família e raça. Zebus são, por excelência, de elite no Brasil e sua constituição mobiliza conceitos de sangue, genes, genealogia, raça, mestiçagem, pureza (entre outros)...

‣ A biotecnologia e a extensão rural como ferramentas de transformação da realidade rural em Alpestre-RS

Garcia, Antônio Corrêa
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: 89 p.
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TCC (graduação) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Curso de Agronomia.; O presente relatório apresenta o trabalho desenvolvido durante o período de realização de Estágio Curricular Obrigatório de Conclusão do curso de Agronomia da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. O estágio foi realizado na Cooperativa Mista de Produção Agroindustrial Familiar de Alpestre- Extremo Norte, no município de Alpestre, Rio Grande do Sul. O estágio ocorreu no primeiro semestre do ano de 2013, no período que compreende as datas de 18 de março a 21 de maio, sob a supervisão do Tecnólogo em Agropecuária Wagner Rogério Bohn e orientação acadêmica do professor Engenheiro Agrônomo Miguel Pedro Guerra, da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. O objetivo do estágio foi acompanhar as atividades da Cooperativa, da Casa Familiar Rural e da Biofábrica Foz do Chapecó, conhecendo como essas instituições atuam nas propriedades agrícolas e com a juventude rural do município de Alpestre-RS, bem como propor novas alternativas agrícolas sustentáveis. O Médio Alto Uruguai é uma região com imenso potencial agrícola na área da fruticultura e do turismo rural, sendo que ambas as áreas ainda estão em estágio inicial...

‣ Beyond risk. A more realistic risk–benefit analysis of agricultural biotechnologies

de Melo-Martín, Inmaculada; Meghani, Zahra
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2008 Português
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‣ Biofortification and phytoremediation of selenium in China

Wu, Zhilin; Bañuelos, Gary S.; Lin, Zhi-Qing; Liu, Ying; Yuan, Linxi; Yin, Xuebin; Li, Miao
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/03/2015 Português
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Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element for humans and animals but at high concentrations, Se becomes toxic to organisms due to Se replacing sulfur in proteins. Selenium biofortification is an agricultural process that increases the accumulation of Se in crops, through plant breeding, genetic engineering, or use of Se fertilizers. Selenium phytoremediation is a green biotechnology to clean up Se-contaminated environments, primarily through phytoextraction and phytovolatilization. By integrating Se phytoremediation and biofortification technologies, Se-enriched plant materials harvested from Se phytoremediation can be used as Se-enriched green manures or other supplementary sources of Se for producing Se-biofortified agricultural products. Earlier studies primarily aimed at enhancing efficacy of phytoremediation and biofortification of Se based on natural variation in progenitor or identification of unique plant species. In this review, we discuss promising approaches to improve biofortification and phytoremediation of Se using knowledge acquired from model crops. We also explored the feasibility of applying biotechnologies such as inoculation of microbial strains for improving the efficiency of biofortification and phytoremediation of Se. The key research and practical challenges that remain in improving biofortification and phytoremediation of Se have been highlighted...

‣ La biotechnologie dans l’agriculture : une étude du contenu de la presse écrite argentine des années 1999 à 2006

Nunez, Mariana
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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En Argentine, la biotechnologie agricole, spécialement le soya transgénique, a été adoptée de façon fulgurante et elle a provoqué un fort choc dans l’économie nationale et dans la société. Actuellement, dû à la gravité des conséquences de ce phénomène, les médias, et la presse en particulier, ont fait écho du débat. Le but général de cette étude est d’analyser le débat de société sur ce phénomène dans la presse écrite argentine. Pour ce faire, trois objectifs spécifiques ont été retenus : dresser un portrait général du discours; comprendre le contexte politique et économique qui a permis l’insertion de la biotechnologie agricole en Argentine; et analyser les enjeux socioéthiques subjacents au problème des biotechnologies. Pour répondre à ces objectifs, on a effectué une analyse de contenu du discours social circonscrit à la presse écrite argentine entre les années 1999- 2006. La démarche privilégiée inclut la classification des articles de journaux par l’utilisation de mots-clés et l’assignation à des catégories thématiques avec l’assistance des techniques d’analyse de texte par ordinateur. Les résultats de cette étude signalent pour la période étudiée une importante couverture journalistique des biotechnologies agricoles...

‣ A study on applicability of biotechnology to development in the Caribbean opportunities and risks

Fonte: ECLAC, Subregional Headquarters for the Caribbean Publicador: ECLAC, Subregional Headquarters for the Caribbean
Tipo: Texto
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The present study analyzes the potential opportunities and risks involved in employing biotechnologies in the Caribbean region. This information would support developmental policies in the areas of food security, climate change and poverty reduction. The report provides a brief overview of biotechnology development, covering industrial and other microbial biotechnologies, tissue culture and molecular biology. Details of opportunities and risks of biotechnology development are provided for agricultural, industrial, environmental, industrial and medical biotechnology, with information on the global agreements for regulation of genetically modified organisms. The rest of the report analyzes the Caribbean situation. Biotechnology applications, opportunities and risks in the Caribbean are described in detail, with focus on industrial and agricultural biotechnology, and including climate change and constraints to biotechnology development. The report closes with a discussion of the applicability of biotechnology to the region in terms of agricultural, industrial, environmental, medical and marine biotechnology. Conclusions and recommendations are provided. The main conclusion of the study is that there is an urgent need for development and use of biotechnology in the Caribbean...

‣ Agribusiness Incubator at ICRISAT : India Case Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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The agribusiness incubator in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India is the result of a partnership between the Indian government and an international crop-research organization that is a member of CGIAR, a global partnership of organizations seeking a food-secure future. As the incubator has developed, it has become relatively independent of its founders, the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and the Indian government s Department of Science and Technology. From supporting small businesses that can bring new agricultural research and technology to market, ABI has become an incubator of incubators, and is now helping African incubators follow its model.

‣ Agricultural Subsidy Cuts, New Biotechnologies, Developing Countries, and Cotton; The Softest Subsidy. Agricultural Subsidy Cuts, New Biotechnologies, Developing Countries, and Cotton

Anderson, K.; Valenzuela, E.
Fonte: Georgetown University Publicador: Georgetown University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
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Kym Anderson and Ernesto Valenzuela

‣ Biotechnology and international law

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Livro Formato: 64631 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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As with any rapid technological development, the biotechnology revolution is putting great strains on the ability of law to adapt to new challenges and threats. Although there is general agreement on the need to regulate biotechnology in many different fields of human activity (agriculture, life sciences, forensic science) domestic law remains deeply divided over the best approach to take. This book is the first attempt at covering the most pressing legal issues raised by the impact of biotechnologies on different categories of international norms. Through the contribution of a selected group of international scholars and experts from international organizations, the book addresses 1) the international status of genetic resources, both in areas of national jurisdiction and in common spaces such as the international sea bed area and Antarctica; 2) the relevance of environmental principles in the governance of modern biotechnologies; 3) the impact of biotechnologies on trade rules, including intellectual property law; 4) the human rights implications, especially in the field of human genetics; and 5) the intersection between general international law and regional systems, especially those developed in Europe and Latin America. The overall objective of the book is to provide an up-to-date picture of international law as it stands today and to stimulate critical reflection and further research on the solutions that will be required in years to come; Part I. The international legal regime of biotechnology : general aspects. -- 1. International law for biotechnology : basic principles / F. Francioni. -- 2. Biodiversity and biotechnology : consolidation and strains in the emerging international legal regimes / R. Pavoni. -- Part II. Biotechnology and the protection of the environment. -- 3. Biotechnology...

‣ Biotechnologies and international human rights

Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Livro Formato: 7723 bytes; image/jpeg
Português
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This book follows and complements the previous volume 'Biotechnology and international law' (Hart, 2006) bringing a specific focus on human rights. It is the result of a collaborative effort which brings together the contributions of a select group of experts from academia and from international organisations with the purpose of discussing the extent to which current activities in the field of biotechnology can be regulated by existing human rights principles and standards, and what gaps, if any, need to be identified and filled with new legislative initiatives. Instruments such as the UNESCO Declaration on the Human Genome (1997) and on Bioethics and Human Rights (2005) are having an impact on customary international law. But what is the relevance of these instruments with respect to traditional concepts of state responsibility and the functioning of domestic remedies against misuse of biotechnologies? Are new legislative initiatives needed, and what are the pros and cons of a race toward the adoption of new ad hoc instruments in an area of such rapid technological development? Are there risks of normative and institutional fragmentation as a consequence of the proliferation of different regulatory regimes? Can we identify a core of human rights principles that define the boundaries of legitimate uses of biotechnology...

‣ Economic impacts of policies affecting crop biotechnology and trade

Anderson, K.
Fonte: Elsevier BV Publicador: Elsevier BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
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Agricultural biotechnologies, and especially transgenic crops, have the potential to boost food security in developing countries by offering higher incomes for farmers and lower priced and better quality food for consumers. That potential is being heavily compromised, however, because the European Union and some other countries have implemented strict regulatory systems to govern their production and consumption of genetically modified (GM) food and feed crops, and to prevent imports of foods and feedstuffs that do not meet these strict standards. This paper analyses empirically the potential economic effects of adopting transgenic crops in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. It does so using a multi-country, multi-product model of the global economy. The results suggest the economic welfare gains from crop biotechnology adoption are potentially very large, and that those benefits are diminished only very slightly by the presence of the European Union's restriction on imports of GM foods. That is, if developing countries retain bans on GM crop production in an attempt to maintain access to EU markets for non-GM products, the loss to their food consumers as well as to farmers in those developing countries is huge relative to the slight loss that could be incurred from not retaining EU market access.; Kym Anderson

‣ Economic impacts of policies affecting crop biotechnology and trade

Anderson, Kym
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 7 pages
Português
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Agricultural biotechnologies, and especially transgenic crops, have the potential to boost food security in developing countries by offering higher incomes for farmers and lower priced and better quality food for consumers. That potential is being heavily compromised, however, because the European Union and some other countries have implemented strict regulatory systems to govern their production and consumption of genetically modified (GM) food and feed crops, and to prevent imports of foods and feedstuffs that do not meet these strict standards. This paper analyses empirically the potential economic effects of adopting transgenic crops in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. It does so using a multi-country, multi-product model of the global economy. The results suggest the economic welfare gains from crop biotechnology adoption are potentially very large, and that those benefits are diminished only very slightly by the presence of the European Union's restriction on imports of GM foods. That is, if developing countries retain bans on GM crop production in an attempt to maintain access to EU markets for non-GM products, the loss to their food consumers as well as to farmers in those developing countries is huge relative to the slight loss that could be incurred from not retaining EU market access.

‣ Biotechnology Innovation for Inclusive Growth : A Study of Indian Policies to Foster Accelerated Technology Adaptation for Affordable Development

Vijayaraghavan, K.; Dutz, Mark A.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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This paper describes and analyzes a series of complementary policy initiatives in India to adapt and commercialize existing global biotechnologies to meet local needs in healthcare, agriculture, industry and the environment in a more affordable manner. This evolving approach has been implemented through six complementary elements, namely (1) translational research; (2) technology access through global consortia; (3) commercialization supported by public-private partnerships, broadly interpreted; (4) skills development; (5) regulation; and (6) institutional governance, including special purpose vehicles, for effective project management. The paper focuses on two public-private partnership initiatives, the Small Business Innovation Research Initiative and the Biotechnology Industry Partnership Program, which together have allocated more than US$70 million in public funding to almost 150 projects, contributing to a total public-private investment of more than $170 million over the past five years. The authors' key recommendation...

‣ The Status and Impact of Bio Safety Regulation in Developing Economies Since Ratification of the Cartagena Protocol

McLean, Morven; Foley, Mary-Ellen; Pehu, Eija
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
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The World development report 2010: development and climate change highlights the link between biotechnology, development, and environment. Aside from recognizing biotechnology's potential to improve crop productivity, increase crop adaptation to climatic stresses such as drought, and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, the report emphasizes the need to establish science-based regulatory systems 'so that risks and benefits can be evaluated on a case-by-case basis, comparing the potential risks with alternative technologies' (World Bank 2010). This paper explores how the Cartagena protocol to the convention on biological diversity, as well as other important drivers, have affected the regulation of Genetically engineered (GE) crops in developing countries. It examines the impact of biosafety regulation on research and development of GE crops and on product approvals. Finally, it identifies opportunities to advance biosafety regulation in those developing countries that wish to access the potential benefits of agricultural biotechnology. As is true for capacity development in other regulatory arenas...

‣ Evaluation of GEF Support for Biosafety : Full Report

Global Environment Facility
Fonte: Washington, DC: Global Environment Facility Publicador: Washington, DC: Global Environment Facility
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
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Biotechnology is probably as old as civilization itself. Special methods of food preparation, such as developing drinks from fermenting wheat or fruit, or making cheese, were known in prehistoric times. In recent decades, this old science has seen dramatic new developments. With the recent development of "new" biotechnologies, such as living modified organisms (LMOs), hope was raised that these would contribute greatly to an increase in world agricultural production and thereby help reduce hunger and diseases. However, the emergence of LMOs has also led to concerns about potential harmful effects on the environment and human health. These concerns were addressed through the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which provided a framework to negotiate the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, which regulates international transfers of LMOs and aims to reduce risks for human health and the environment. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is the designated financial mechanism for the Cartagena Protocol. The GEF's initial financing of capacity-building activities in biosafety began in 1997...

‣ L’éthique et l’acceptation sociale des innovations technologiques. Le cas des vaccins transgéniques

Dumoulin, Jeanne
Fonte: Centre de recherche en éthique de l'UdeM (CRÉUM) Publicador: Centre de recherche en éthique de l'UdeM (CRÉUM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 270113 bytes; application/pdf
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La technologie est une manière pour la science d’exprimer son côté pratique en plus d’être un moyen de traduire les connaissances lors de vraies applications scientifiques, mais ce processus peut engendrer une variété de défis moraux et éthiques. Le champ des biotechnologies laisse entrevoir de grandes réalisations pour les sociétés, y compris des traitements médicaux révolutionnaires et des aliments modifiés génétiquement, lesquels seraient sécuritaires, accessibles et largement disponibles. Mais peu de produits ont réussi le saut dans le panier du consommateur. Dans un des domaines d'application les plus prometteurs, tel celui des biotechnologies agricoles, certaines technologies n’ont pas encore entièrement émergé des laboratoires et ces produits, qui sont à l’heure actuelle sur le marché, ont été la source de polémiques significatives. L’étude présente se concentre sur le cas des vaccins faits à partir de plantes transgéniques qui, au cours des 15 dernières années, a peine à passer outre l’étape de la preuve de conception. Ces vaccins stagnent là où ils auraient dû accomplir la « promesse d'or » de fournir à bas coût une inoculation efficace pour les populations pauvres des pays en voie de développement. La question examinée dans cet essai est pourquoi...

‣ Emerging biotechnologies: bioinformatics services applied to agriculture.

BAMBINI, M. D.; GIACHETTO, P. F.; FALCAO, P. R. K.; OLIVEIRA, F. S. de
Fonte: In: CONGRESSO LATINO-IBEROAMERICANO DE GESTÃO DA TECNOLOGIA, 16., 2015, Porto Alegre. Inovação para além da tecnologia: anais. Porto Alegre: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2015. Publicador: In: CONGRESSO LATINO-IBEROAMERICANO DE GESTÃO DA TECNOLOGIA, 16., 2015, Porto Alegre. Inovação para além da tecnologia: anais. Porto Alegre: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2015.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Formato: Não paginado.
Português
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Abstract - Bioinformatics is an emergent biotechnological field of study marked by interdisciplinarity and complexity. It involves the application and development of computational tools to biological data in order to process, generate, and disseminate biological knowledge. Bioinformatics is characterized by an intense generation of data and information (configured as a context of big data and e-science), associated with the need for computational resources with high processing and storage capacities and highly qualified and interdisciplinary staff, often found only in academia. The objective of this paper is to describe the organizational model and collaborative innovation activities of the Bioinformatics Multi-user Laboratory (LMB, in the acronym in Portuguese). The LMB is a facility located at the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa), the main Brazilian agricultural research public institute, formed by 46 Research and Service Centers distributed throughout Brazil and by several laboratories and business offices abroad, in America, Africa, Asia and Europe. Its mission involves to contribute to the advance of the frontier of knowledge in bioinformatics by: incorporating new technologies and enabling efficient solutions to the demands related to this field; providing access to high performance computing infrastructure and developing human skills. Considering the importance of biotechnology in the context of agricultural research...

Thannhauser, T.W.
Fonte: Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities Publicador: Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2011 Português
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The focus of this scientific session will be the essential link between agriculture and human health that is grounded in biotechnology. Advances in medicine, in particular personalized medicine, will ultimately demand equal and outstanding advances in agricultural biotechnologies to occur in parallel. Such advances promise to make highly nutritious food accessible and affordable to most of the world's population. Speakers will describe the ways in which humans rely on agriculture, and increasingly, on agricultural technologies, to meet their basic nutritional needs. Direct applications of agricultural biotechnologies for crop improvement, agricultural diversification and the production of vaccines and other protein therapeutics will also be presented. Members of the ABRF can help to meet the growing demand of agricultural research scientists for analytical advances and throughput via the application of state-of-the-art biotechnologies to agricultural research.

‣ Le droit du commerce international des organismes génétiquement modifiés (OGM) agricoles médicaux : les perspectives d'encadrement normatif

Manga, Sylvestre-José-Tidiane
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation Formato: 14258582 bytes; application/pdf
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Les organismes génétiquement modifiés (OGM) agricoles à vocation médicale constituent la catégorie la plus complexe, la plus innovatrice et la plus futuriste des biotechnologies agricoles. Pour cela, les OGM agricoles médicaux constituent l'échantillon parfait d'une recherche complète sur le principe de précaution et les perspectives normatives des applications médicales de cette innovation technologique. La contribution de cette recherche, à la prévention du risque biotechnologique potentiel associé au commerce international de tels produits agricoles, réside sur la proposition d'une approche d'harmonisation dite simultanée convergente des régimes juridiques applicables à la double vocation agricole et médicale de tels organismes. L'approche est simultanée en ce qu'elle n'exclue ni ne subordonne un instrument par un autre. Elle est convergente en ce que tous les cadres normatifs applicables convergent, dans leur complémentarité, vers la libéralisation du commerce international des OGM agricoles dans la prévention du potentiel risque biotechnologique. Pour articuler la proposition d'harmonisation, nous avons proposé un principe directeur qui est la primauté durable de la santé publique sur le commerce. Ce principe est en réalité la dimension environnementale et biosécuritaire du principe de primauté de la santé publique sur le commerce...