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‣ O ensino de medicinas alternativas e complementares em escolas medicas : revisão sistematica da literatura; Complementary and alternative medicine teaching in medical schools : literature systematic review

Marisa Correa Christensen
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/02/2008 Português
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Devido ao aumento crescente da utilização das Medicinas Alternativas e Complementares (MAC) há a necessidade de que os profissionais de saúde estejam aptos a informar e atender seus pacientes, reconhecer efeitos colaterais, interações medicamentosas e praticar as medicinas complementares isoladas ou associadas às medicinas convencionais com segurança. Neste trabalho foi feita uma Revisão Sistemática da Literatura (RSL) sobre o ensino das MAC em escolas médicas, com a finalidade de refletir sobre as evidências publicadas. Foram analisados 33 artigos indexados no banco eletrônico de dados Pubmed utilizando o descritor: ?complementary and alternative medicine teaching?. Identificou-se vários exemplos de inserção das MAC no ensino e, de modo geral, os estudantes de medicina têm atitudes positivas frente às MAC, desejam aprendê-las tendo com o objetivo tratar e orientar seus futuros pacientes com essas medicinas. O ensino das MAC nas escolas de medicina tem, como fundamento, adicionar à prática médica ferramentas diagnósticas e terapêuticas a serem utilizadas em atenção, prevenção e promoção a saúde nos diversos níveis de complexidade do sistema de saúde; Due to the continuous increase in the use of Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM) there is the need to health professionals to be able to inform and attend their patients...

‣ Use of complementary and alternative medicine in a sample of women with breast cancer

Vidal, Mariana; Carvalho, Cláudia Maria Constante Ferreira de; Bispo, Regina
Fonte: SAGE Publicador: SAGE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Abstract This study aims to examine the usage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) on a sample of Portuguese women with history of breast cancer. A total of 107 women with history of breast cancer attending Movimento Vencer e Viver Lisboa responded to a questionnaire designed to assess the use of CAM, as well as other variables, such as satisfaction with conventional care, health perception, perceived control over cancer, and health status (body mass index [BMI], smoking and alcohol consumption, hours of sleep, and physical activity). Forty-eight percent of the participants had used some kind of CAM in the past 12 months. The perceived control over cancer was significantly associated with CAM use (odds ratio [OR] = 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] = [1.2, 1.9]). CAM use was more prevalent among women aged 30 to 39 years, single, with high education, and a monthly income of 2,500€ to 2,999€. The CAM used most often were natural products, along with psychotherapy, breathing exercises, and meditation. The main reason mentioned for its use was the improved sense of wellbeing, and it was interesting to note that 60% of the participants who used CAM did not discuss it with their physicians. The findings support previous data that suggest that the participants’ perceived control over their cancer is a significant predictor of CAM usage...

‣ Factors associated with complementary and alternative medicine use in irritable bowel syndrome : A literature review

Usher, Lee; Fox, Pauline; Lafarge, Caroline; Mitchell, Kathryn
Fonte: PsychOpen Publicador: PsychOpen
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Aim: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional bowel condition, which has substantial impact on quality of life and use of healthcare services. Patients often report using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for symptom management despite limited evidence to support its use. Psychological factors have been shown to be important in both influencing CAM use and as avenues of intervention to assist in managing IBS symptoms. Therefore, this review assessed prevalence of and psychological factors associated with CAM use by people with IBS. Method: Five electronic databases (including AMED, EMBASE and PsychINFO) were searched for studies that examined both the extent of and the reasons for CAM use. Five studies met the inclusion criteria. Results: Prevalence of CAM use ranged from 9% to 38%. CAM use was associated with psychosocial factors, including concerns about conventional medical care (i.e., the perceived harmful effects of medication, perception that conventional medicine had failed, and lack of satisfaction with conventional care) and anxiety. Conclusion: These findings identify psychological factors associated with CAM use which could be targeted through psychologically oriented management strategies for those affected with IBS.

‣ Use of complementary and alternative medicine by patients with hematological diseases: experience at a university hospital in northeast Mexico

Jaime-Pérez,José Carlos; Chapa-Rodríguez,Adrián; Rodríguez-Martínez,Marisol; Colunga-Pedraza,Perla Rocío; Marfil-Rivera,Luis Javier; Gómez-Almaguer,David
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia e Terapia Celular Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia e Terapia Celular
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
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BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine includes a diverse group of medical and healthcare systems, practices and products not considered part of conventional medicine. Although there is information on unconventional practices in oncological diseases, specific data regarding the use of complementary and alternative medicine by hematology patients is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to document the prevalence of this modality of unconventional therapy in patients with malignant and benign hematological diseases, particularly children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. METHODS: An observational study of adult patients and guardians of children with malignant or benign hematological diseases was carried out by applying a structured questionnaire detailing the use and results of the most prevalent complementary and alternative medicine practices. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty patients were included; 104 had malignant and 16 had benign hematological diseases. The use of complementary and alternative medicine was greater in benign diseases but the difference was not statistically significant (64.7% versus 41.7%; p-value = 0.08). Patients and guardians with high school or college educations used these alternative practices more than patients with less schooling (60.7% versus 54.7%; p-value = 0.032). The use of folk remedies was most prevalent followed by herbal preparations and spiritual healing. Sixty-four percent of patients that used these unconventional practices reported improvement in their symptoms and increased capacity to perform daily activities. CONCLUSION: No significant difference was documented between patients with malignant or benign hematological diseases using these alternative practices. The majority of complementary and alternative medicine users reported improvement of the disease or chemotherapy-related symptoms.

‣ FDA and the Challenge of Alternative Medicine: Realistic Assessments and Regulatory Flexibility

Hwang, Tricia
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Paper (for course/seminar/workshop)
Português
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Alternative medicine has already established a role for itself in the health care of many Americans. FDA, however, has been slow to develop a meaningful and coherent regulatory response to this growing phenomenon. Reluctant to change its mind-set, FDA acts under the mistaken belief that the current regulatory scheme can accommodate any alternative medicine that will be useful to the public. Because of their conceptual and philosophical differences from conventional medicine, however, many alternative therapies simply cannot meet the demands of the current regulatory system. This reality does not imply that such medicines are not valuable. While it is true that many practices that are labelled alternative are nothing more than health fraud and often dangerous, there are also many medicines with great potential to improve how Americans think about and use medicine. A coherent policy toward alternative medicine and a more flexible regulatory scheme are required of FDA if Americans are to be given the freedom to choose different forms of health care safely and wisely.

‣ Complementary and alternative medicine use among diabetic patients in Africa: a Kenyan perspective

Matheka, Duncan Mwangangi; Demaio, Alessandro Rhyll
Fonte: The African Field Epidemiology Network Publicador: The African Field Epidemiology Network
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is common among patients with chronic diseases in developing countries. The rising use of CAM in the management of diabetes is an emerging public health concern given the potential adverse effects, drug interactions and benefits associated with its use. Herbal medicine, dietary supplements, prayers and relaxation techniques are some of the most frequently used CAM modalities in Kenya. Cited reasons for CAM use as adjuvant therapy include dissatisfaction and inaccessibility of allopathic medicine, and recommendations by family and friends. This article explores the pattern of CAM use in Kenya and other developing countries. It also identifies some constraints to proper CAM control, and offers suggestions on what can be done to ensure safe and regulated CAM use.

‣ The escalating cost and prevalence of alternative medicine

MacLennan, A.; Wilson, D.; Taylor, A.
Fonte: Academic Press Inc Publicador: Academic Press Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 Português
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Background. The purpose of this study was to measure trends in the prevalence and cost of alternative medicines and alternative practitioner use in an Australian population and to obtain a profile of users and their beliefs. Methods. In 2000, we repeated a 1993 representative population survey of persons ages 15 years or older living in South Australia, which provided 3,027 personal interviews. We assessed the rates of use, types of alternative medicine and therapists, costs, and beliefs of users and nonusers. Comparisons in usage patterns with the 1993 survey were also made. Findings. In 2000, the overall use of at least one nonmedically prescribed alternative medicine (excluding calcium, iron, and prescribed vitamins) was 52.1% (CI +/− 1.8). Users were more likely to be female, be better educated, have a higher income, and be employed. Since 1993, females were using significantly more herbal medicines, ginseng, Chinese medicines, and aromatherapy oils. Many were self-prescribed. Among users, 57.2% (CI +/− 1.2) did not tell their doctor. In 2000, 23.3% of respondents had visited at least one alternative practitioner with increasing use of acupuncturists, reflexologists, aromatherapists, and herbal therapists. Most thought alternative medicines were safe but thought they were...

‣ Trick or treat? Australian newspaper portrayal of complementary and alternative medicine for the treatment of cancer

Mercurio, R.; Eliott, J.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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Purpose: Many cancer patients within developed nations cite the media as informing their decisions to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). The present study describes (1) Australian newspaper coverage of CAM use for cancer between 1998 and 2007; (2) trends in reporting frequency and characteristics; and (3) how the Australian press framed stories on CAM use for cancer. Materials and methods: This study is a content analysis featuring quantitative and qualitative techniques, the latter guided by ‘media framing’, of targeted newspaper articles. Results: One hundred nineteen articles focused on CAM use for the treatment of cancer were identified. Quantitative analysis found that biologically based CAMs were most frequently described and breast cancer most mentioned. Two thirds of all articles described CAM use in the context of a cure, with approximately half of these opposing this reason for use. Potential benefits of CAM were discussed more frequently than potential risks, and information on costs and how to access CAM were uncommon. Recommendations: included advice to use complementary, not alternative therapies, yet advice to discuss CAM with a medical doctor was rare. Qualitative analysis found six CAM cancer-related frames...

‣ The role of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) routines and rituals in men with cancer and their significant others (SOs): a qualitative investigation

Klafke, N.; Eliott, J.; Olver, I.; Wittert, G.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
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PURPOSE Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is frequently used in cancer patients, often with contribution of the significant others (SOs), but without consultation of healthcare professionals. This research explored how cancer patients integrate and maintain CAM use in their everyday life, and how SOs are involved in it. METHODS In this qualitative study, male participants were selected from a preceding Australian survey on CAM use in men with cancer (94 % response rate and 86 % consent rate for follow-up interview). Semistructured interviews were conducted with 26 men and 24 SOs until data saturation was reached. Interview transcripts were coded and analyzed thematically, thereby paying close attention to participants’ language in use. RESULTS A major theme associated with high CAM use was “CAM routines and rituals,” as it was identified that men with cancer practiced CAM as (1) functional routines, (2) meaningful rituals, and (3) mental/spiritual routines or/and rituals. Regular CAM use was associated with intrapersonal and interpersonal benefits: CAM routines provided men with certainty and control, and CAM rituals functioned for cancer patients and their SOs as a means to create meaning, thereby working to counter fear and uncertainty consequent upon a diagnosis of cancer. SOs contributed most to men’s uptake and maintenance of dietary-based CAM in ritualistic form resulting in interpersonal bonding and enhanced closeness. CONCLUSIONS CAM routines and rituals constitute key elements in cancer patients’ regular and satisfied CAM use...

‣ Complementary and Alternative Medicine and Japanese Chronic Disease Patients’ Quality of Life and Perceived Stress

Tanaka, Hideaki
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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This mixed methods study examined the association between the frequency of five lifestyle-related complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practices and perceived quality of life (QOL) and stress among patients in Japan diagnosed with chronic disease, and also examined why patients decided to receive Okada purifying therapy [(OPT) biofield therapy]. Data from 1,190 patients were analyzed using bivariate and multiple regression analysis, followed by analysis of one-on-one in-depth interviews conducted among 25 patients on reasons why patients decided to practice OPT. Grounded theory methodology was used to analyze transcribed interview data. Results of multiple regression analysis indicated that engaging in arts and cultural activities and exercise was associated with a decrease in perceived stress, while arts and cultural activities, exercise, consumption of organic (additive-free) food, and practice of OPT were associated with increased QOL. Gender weakly moderated the effects of arts and cultural activities on stress but not on QOL, and gender did not have any moderating effects on the association of OPT with either stress or QOL. One theme, five clusters, and 13 categories emerged from the qualitative analysis. Feelings of desperation due to unrelieved symptoms of disease seemed to be the principal reason for most patients’ practice of OPT. Other reasons were perception of the limits of conventional medicine in being able to treat patients’ disease...

‣ Increasing health-care options: The perspectives of parents who use complementary and alternative medicines

O'Keefe, M.; Coat, S.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Asia Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
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AIM: To explore the relationship between conventional medicine and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) with parents who use CAM, and to consider factors that may contribute to parent non-disclosure of CAM usage to their doctor. METHODS: Thirty-three parents participated in one of seven focus groups. Transcripts were analysed using an iterative process of theme identification and testing against transcript data. RESULTS: The participants believed they should trust their instincts as parents in caring for their child. It was important also to the participants that they understood why their child was ill, and a range of theories of health and illness were discussed. The use of CAM was attractive as it offered more options in health care than just relying on conventional medicine alone. The use of additional therapies was seen as a means to increase the likelihood that something would work. Many of the participants described bad experiences with doctors when they discussed CAM use previously so they had become more circumspect in mentioning it. The participants were most satisfied with medical care for their child when they felt the doctor respected their point of view and listened to them. CONCLUSIONS: Doctors caring for children and their families should expect that many parents are using CAM to increase health-care options. Inquiries about CAM usage should be made in a non-judgmental and encouraging manner so parents feel comfortable in providing an honest answer. Advice to parents about CAM may need to be backed up with evidence to address differing parent understanding of illness.; Maree O’Keefe and Suzette Coat

‣ Prevalence and predictors of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by men in Australian cancer outpatient services

Klafke, N.; Eliott, J.; Wittert, G.; Olver, I.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Background: Although studies have shown that complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is common in cancer patients, no survey has assessed CAM use in men with a variety of cancers. In Australia, no data exist about male cancer patients' use of CAM. Patients and methods: A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 403 men attending four cancer outpatient services in Metropolitan Adelaide. Data were analyzed using Pearson’s χ2 tests and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: CAMs were currently used by 52.9%, or used at some point by 61.5%, of respondents. The most popular CAM treatments were dietary supplements (36.1%), prayer (25.9%), herbs and botanicals (21.4%), and relaxation techniques/meditation (15.2%). CAM use was directed by a cancer specialist in 9.9% of respondents. Independent predictors of CAM use were metastatic cancer (P = 0.022), actively practicing religion (P = 0.008), and tertiary education (P = 0.007). Conclusions: CAM use in males is equally common across all cancer diagnoses, namely prostate, hematological malignancies, colorectal, lung, and other cancers. Oncologists should be aware that one-third of male patients modify their diet and/or search for spiritual guidance, particularly when diagnosed with metastatic cancer.; N. Klafke...

‣ 'Becoming accepted': The complementary and alternative medicine practitioners' response to the uptake and practice of traditional medicine therapies by the mainstream health sector

Wiese, M.; Oster, C.
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This Australian study sought to understand how practitioners of the traditional systems of what is now termed complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are responding to the adoption of their traditional medicine therapies by the mainstream health care system, and the practice of these therapies by mainstream health care practitioners. A grounded theory approach was used for this study. In-depth interviews were conducted with 19 participants who were non-mainstream practitioners from five traditional systems of medicine — Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Homeopathy and Western Herbal Medicine. Four main conceptual categories were identified: Losing Control of the CAM Occupational Domain (the participants’ main concern); Personal Positioning; Professional Positioning (the core category); and Legitimacy.These categories formed the elements of the substantive theory of ‘becoming accepted’ as a legitimate health care provider in the mainstream health system, which explained the basic social process that the study’s participants were using to resolve their main concern.; Marlene Wiese, Candice Oster

‣ The medical education priorities of parents who use complementary and alternative medicine

O'Keefe, M.; Coat, S.; Jones, A.
Fonte: Sage Publications Publicador: Sage Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
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Many parents use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for their children. A number of medical schools are introducing CAM teaching, and this study was undertaken to explore the medical education priorities of parents who use CAM for their children. A total of 27 parents (25 females, 2 males) participated in 1 of 6 focus group discussions. Transcripts were analyzed using an iterative process of concept identification, hypothesis testing, and detailed comparisons. Participant preferences for health care for their children were complex and informed by previous health care experiences and current family health care needs. Using CAM allowed parents choice and control in managing their family’s health care. Many participant priorities for medical education in CAM echoed key principles of patient-centered care in addition to specific suggestions for curriculum development. Participating parents believed that it was important to increase medical students’ knowledge and understanding of both CAM modalities and the perspectives of parents.; Maree O’Keefe, Suzette Coat and Alison Jones

‣ Praying correlates with higher quality of life: results from a survey on complementary/alternative medicine use among a group of Brazilian cancer patients

Samano,Eliana Sueco Tibana; Goldenstein,Patricia Taschner; Ribeiro,Lia de Melo; Lewin,Fabio; Valesin Filho,Edgar Santiago; Soares,Heloisa Prado; Giglio,Auro del
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2004 Português
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CONTEXT: The use of complementary/alternative medicine has been little studied in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of complementary/alternative medicine use among a group of Brazilian cancer patients and correlate these findings with the patients' quality of life. TYPE OF STUDY: Descriptive. SETTING: Oncology Institute of the Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo André, São Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 100 cancer patients. PROCEDURES: The EORTC QLQ C-30 quality of life questionnaire was applied together with another questionnaire on the use of complementary/alternative medicine. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Use of complementary/alternative medicine and quality of life. RESULTS: 89% of the patients had already used complementary/alternative medicine, 63% were currently using it and most of them (77.7%) believed in the efficacy of complementary/alternative medicine for their treatment. The type most used was individual prayer (77.5%). We found a significant association between believing in the efficacy of complementary/alternative medicine and praying (individually or in groups), in comparison with better scores on the functional (p = 0.001) and overall health (p = 0.001) quality of life scales. Multivariate analysis confirmed these findings regarding praying and also showed that believing in complementary/alternative medicine correlated significantly with functional and symptom quality of life scores. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of complementary/alternative medicine use in this group of cancer patients was high. Praying and belief in the efficacy of complementary/alternative medicine correlated significantly with an overall better quality of life...

‣ Interpersonal factors impacting the decision to (continue to) use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in men with cancer: a mixed-methods study.

Klafke, Nadja
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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There has been an increase in the use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in cancer populations, with reported higher prevalence rates in women than in men. Men with a variety of cancers have been understudied in CAM research, as well as the contribution and involvement of their significant others, like close family members or/and close friends. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the use of CAM in men after a diagnosis of cancer. Specifically, the research aimed to explore how significant others impact on men’s decisions to (continue to) use CAM, how they negotiate, talk, and practice CAM in everyday life, and how this affects their interpersonal relationship. A mixed methodological approach with two independent but related studies addressed the research aims: one quantitative study (survey) and one qualitative study (semi-structured interviews). The results are presented in two published and three submitted papers that contribute to our understanding of CAM use in men affected with cancer and how their CAM uptake is shaped by their social networks. Paper one reports the results of an integrative review of the literature, and indicates that significant others of patients with cancer often act as information seekers...

‣ Challenges of complementary and alternative medicine in the SUS aiming to health promotion; Desafios das práticas integrativas e complementares no SUS visando a promoção da saúde

Ischkanian, Paula Cristina; Pelicioni, Maria Cecília Focesi
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2012 Português
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The complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) besides promoting the reduction of costs, have also proven to be effective as well as they have invested in health promotion and health education, as a means of preventing the disease to take control and possibly result in serious consequences. OBJECTIVE: to investigate the knowledge, opinions and social representations of managers and health professionals about those practices (CAM) in Public Health System (SUS) as well as to identify the difficulties and challenges that are present in their implementation, use and disclosure in the Health Services. METHODS: the survey was carried out in a Basic Health Unit and Specialty Clinic in the northern area of São Paulo/SP, Brazil. We chose the qualitative approach with its instruments, documentary analysis and interviews based upon pre-established guidelines directed to managers and health professionals of these units. The total of 35 interviews took place between the months of July to August 2010. RESULTS: the results support the thesis that managers are not prepared to implement the National Policy on Complementary and Integrative Practices (NPCIP) inSUS: only five out of the twenty six respondents were aware of the National Policy (NPCIP); the biomedical model sessions still prevails; material supply and acquisition of raw materials used in some of the CAM have become a major issue in the unit; the disclosure of the CAM has not been enough so as to be fully known by professionals and users alike. Furthermore...

‣ Uso de medicinas alternativas e complementares por pacientes com câncer: revisão sistemática; Use of complementary and alternative medicine by cancer patients: systematic review

Spadacio, Cristiane; Barros, Nelson Filice de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2008 Português
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O interesse no tema das medicinas alternativas e complementares tem aumentado, principalmente entre pacientes oncológicos. Realizou-se uma revisão sistemática da literatura na base de dados PubMed sobre o perfil dos pacientes que optam pelo uso dessas medicinas e suas motivações. As palavras-chaves utilizadas na busca foram "cancer and complementary alternative medicine" e "oncology and complementary alternative medicine", no período 1995-2005. Os critérios de seleção foram: presença dos descritores no título dos artigos, idiomas português, inglês ou espanhol e terem sido realizados em população adulta. A partir de 43 artigos analisados, concluiu-se que a utilização de medicinas alternativas e complementares é parte do escopo social desses pacientes. Seu uso é importante na construção da identidade de pacientes com câncer, ajudando-os nas decisões em relação ao tratamento convencional.; Interest in complementary and alternative medicine has increased, especially among oncology patients. A systematic literature review of the profile of patients who choose to use this type of medicine, as well as their motivations, was carried out on the PubMed database. For this search, the key words used were ?cancer and complementary alternative medicine? and ?oncology and complementary alternative medicine?...

‣ Conhecimento e uso da medicina alternativa entre alunos e professores de primeiro grau; Knowledge and use of alternative medicine by elementary school children and teachers

Santos, Marilena Gomes dos; Dias, Ângela Guimarães Pinto; Martins, Marcelo Moreira
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/1995 Português
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Como parte de um Projeto de Educação em Saúde, investigou-se o conhecimento e como são utilizadas as práticas populares de cura, de modo a desenvolver e ampliar na escola, as possibilidades já existentes de discussão crítica e construtiva dentro do programa de saúde. Espera-se com isso poder resgatar saberes e valorizar esse conhecimento não sistematizado, presente na prática das populações ainda de forma marginalizada e controvertida. Foram aplicados questionários entre 110 professores e 162 alunos das 1ª à 4ª séries do 1° grau de quatro escolas (P.L.S.L., P.H.A., P.A.M.M. e A.M.G.) da periferia de Belo Horizonte. Sendo que, as questões apresentadas foram respondidas somente por 105 docentes. Vinte e três (32,4%) (entre 71 (67,6%)) acreditam em dons especiais de cura; dos 105 (95,4%) que responderam sobre se acham que certas doenças podem ser tratadas com remédios caseiros, somente 69 (65,7%) acreditam que sim; 54 (78,3%) dentre esses, associaram a cura da doença com a planta medicinal e 15 (21,7%) indicam o remédio sem associação com a doença; 36 (34,3%) professores citaram a doença sem relacionar as ervas medicinais. Já, 101 (62,3%) alunos acreditam que os remédios caseiros são positivos para algumas doenças. Entre os alunos e professores foram mencionadas doenças diversas...

‣ Prevalence of use of complementary/alternative medicine: a systematic review

Ernst,E.
Fonte: World Health Organization Publicador: World Health Organization
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2000 Português
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Reported are the results of a systematic review of the prevalence of use of complementary/alternative medicine. Computerized literature searches were carried out in four databases. Twelve surveys thus found were selected because they dealt with the utilization of complementary/alternative medicine in random or representative samples of the general population. Data were extracted in a predefined, standardized way. Prevalence of use of complementary/alternative medicine ranged from 9% to 65%. Even for a given form of treatment such as chiropractic, as used in the USA, considerable discrepancies emerged. The data suggest that complementary/alternative therapies are used frequently and increasingly. Prevalence of use seemed to depend critically on factors that were poorly controlled in surveys of complementary/alternative medicine. The true prevalence of use of complementary/alternative medicine in the general population remains uncertain.