Página 1 dos resultados de 70 itens digitais encontrados em 0.012 segundos

‣ Cobertura do exame de Papanicolaou no município de Manaus, Amazonas: um estudo de base populacional; Papanicolaou test coverage in Manaus, Amazonas: a population- based study

Correa, Dina Albuquerque Duarte
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.249768%
O controle do câncer do colo do útero (CCU) representa um desafio para as políticas de saúde nos países em desenvolvimento. No Brasil, a prevenção deste câncer é baseada principalmente no rastreamento através do exame de Papanicolaou, que se tem mostrado útil em reduzir a incidência e mortalidade por esta neoplasia quando realizado periodicamente. O Amazonas, no norte do país, está entre os estados com maiores taxas de incidência e mortalidade pelo CCU. Com isso, realizou-se o presente estudo com objetivo de estimar a prevalência da realização do exame de Papanicolaou entre mulheres do município de Manaus- Amazonas e, secundariamente, descrever o perfil dessas mulheres, identificar a periodicidade da prática do exame e verificar os fatores associados à realização do mesmo. Trata-se de um estudo transversal de base populacional, com amostra aleatória por conglomerados. Foram incluídas na pesquisa 1100 mulheres entre 25 a 59 anos de idade residentes na zona urbana de Manaus, entrevistadas no domicílio no período de outubro a dezembro de 2011. Observou-se que 92,5% das mulheres relataram ter realizado pelo menos um exame de Papanicolaou alguma vez na vida e 76,5% (IC95%=74,04-79,05) das entrevistadas o realizaram nos últimos três anos...

‣ As praticas preventivas para o cancer de mama e do colo do utero pelas mulheres de 40 anos ou mais de idade no municipio de Campinas, SP; Preventive practices for cervical and breast cancer for women 40 years old and over in the city of Campinas, SP

Vivian Mae Schmidt Lima Amorim
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.968716%
Justificativa: O câncer de mama e do colo de útero são neoplasias com altas taxas de incidência e mortalidade no Brasil e que dispõem de métodos eficazes de rastreamento para detecção precoce, oferecidos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. Existe a necessidade de se identificar os subgrupos de mulheres que não realizam as práticas preventivas para esses agravos, como forma de se desenvolver estratégias, nas três esferas de governo, que venham minimizar as desigualdades ainda existentes em relação ao acesso aos serviços de saúde, a oferta de cuidados básicos, ao diagnóstico, tratamento e reabilitação nas questões relativas à saúde da mulher. Objetivos: Analisar as práticas de detecção precoce para o câncer de mama e do colo uterino, segundo características sociodemográficas, morbidade e comportamentos relacionados à saúde. Material e Métodos: Estudo do tipo transversal, de base populacional, tendo como população de estudo todos os indivíduos do sexo feminino com idade igual ou superior a 40 anos, não institucionalizados, residentes na área urbana de Campinas. Para a obtenção da amostra, os setores censitários do município de Campinas, foram agrupados em três estratos, segundo o percentual de chefes de família com nível universitário. Foram sorteados 10 setores censitários de cada estrato...

‣ Effectiveness of diabetes resource nurse case management and physician profiling in a fee-for-service setting: a cluster randomized trial

Herrin, Jeph; Nicewander, David A.; Hollander, Priscilla A.; Couch, Carl E.; Winter, F. David; Haydar, Ziad R.; Warren, Susan S.; Ballard, David J.
Fonte: Baylor Health Care System Publicador: Baylor Health Care System
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.85126%
Nurses with advanced training—diabetes resource nurses (DRNs)—can improve care for people with diabetes in capitated payment settings. Their effectiveness in fee-for-service settings has not been investigated. We conducted a 12-month practice-randomized trial involving 22 practices in a fee-for-service metropolitan network with 92 primary care physicians caring for 1891 Medicare patients ≥65 years with diabetes mellitus. Each practice was randomized to one of three intervention groups: physician feedback on process measures using Medicare claims data; Medicare claims feedback plus feedback on clinical measures from medical record (MR) abstraction; or both types of feedback plus a practice-based DRN. The primary endpoint investigated was hemoglobin A1c level. Other measures were low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level, blood pressure, annual hemoglobin A1c testing, annual LDL screening, annual eye exam, annual foot exam, and annual renal assessment. Data were collected from medical chart abstraction and Medicare claims. The number of patients with hemoglobin A1c <9% increased by 4 (0.9%) in the Claims group; 9 (2.1%) in the Claims + MR group (comparison with Claims: P = 0.97); and 16 (3.8%) in the DRN group (comparison with Claims: P = 0.31). Results were similar for the other clinical outcomes...

‣ Testing of a verbal assessment tool of English proficiency for use in the healthcare setting.

Downey, La Vonne A.; Zun, Leslie
Fonte: National Medical Association Publicador: National Medical Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.677369%
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to test a verbal test of English comprehension for use in the healthcare setting. The BEST (Basic English Skills Test) oral interview test is a verbal test to determine language competency. There is currently no verbal test for determination of English language competency used in healthcare. Currently, the STOFHLA (Short Test of Functional Health Literacy Assessment) is used; however, it measures health literacy using a written exam, which does not measure language competency. METHODS: A convenience sample was used to conduct the study in an urban level-1 pediatric and adult trauma center with 45,000 annual visits. The two tests, STOFHLA and BEST, were administered by trained research fellows in patient rooms to 100 patients, 52% who were English speakers and 48% whom self-declare they spoke English as a second language. Participants include adult patients aged > 18, who were medically stable and able to give consent and who presented to the emergency department from May of 2004 to November of 2004. The study was approved by the institutional review board. RESULTS: Using an ANOVA test with a significance of < or = 0.05, the BEST exam showed a difference between native speakers and ESL with F = 16.718 significant at 0.01. The STOFHLA also showed a difference between the two groups with F = 5.890 significant at 0.017. There was a significant relationship...

‣ Educating Older African Americans about the Preventive Importance of Routine Comprehensive Eye Care

Owsley, Cynthia; McGwin, Gerald; Stalvey, Beth T.; Weston, June; Searcey, Karen; Girkin, Christopher A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.751522%
Older African Americans have higher rates of vision impairment lower utilization rates of comprehensive eye care, compared to whites. InCHARGE© is an eye health education program for this population that promotes prevention through the annual, dilated comprehensive eye examination. This study, using a pre/post design, evaluated whether InCHARGE imparted knowledge about prevention and strategies for reducing barriers to care. The program was presented to 85 older African Americans in 5 senior centers in Montgomery, Alabama. Changes in attitudes about annual eye care were assessed by a questionnaire before and 3 months after InCHARGE. At baseline most (>85%) responded it would not be difficult for them to find an ophthalmologist or optometrist, and the exam cost was not a problem. 25% reported problems finding transportation to the doctor and covering the eyeglasses cost. 44% reported not having an eye exam in the past year; 13% reported not having one within 2 years. Three months after InCHARGE those who reported that they could find a way to get to the doctor increased. After InCHARGE, 72% said they either had received or scheduled an eye exam. Responses to a question about what was learned from InCHARGE indicated that the InCHARGE’s key messages about comprehensive eye care were successfully imparted to most. This study suggests that older African Americans in the urban South have positive attitudes about eye care...

‣ Sustainable IT Budgeting: A Method to Determine Not to Exceed Values for Annual Infrastructure Purchases

Langer, Steve
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.460176%
Picture-archiving and communication systems are complex entities, but at core they consist of compute processors that are networked together to store and retrieve objects. Therein lay fundamental aspects of both performance benchmarking and predicting future costs, provided one can accurately predict trends in both exam volumes and sizes. Hence, determining the correct amount of capital to reserve annually for the information technology infrastructure can be a difficult process for the administrator of a medical center. Both exam volumes and sizes tend to increase over time. In addition, users demand more compute-intensive applications and expect exam delivery to the desktop to be ever timelier despite the increase in size. Against this, storage, compute, and networking costs tend to decrease over time for the same performance level. At the end of the day, the question of whether to budget more or less capital for next year’s infrastructure is not trivial. This paper develops a methodology that uses current baseline data to predict the “ampleness” of a budget to meet future needs.

‣ Nonmydriatic Fundus Photography for Teleophthalmology Diabetic Retinopathy Screening in Rural and Urban Clinics

Chin, Eric K.; Ventura, Bruna V.; See, Kai-Yin; Seibles, Joann; Park, Susanna S.
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/02/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.292041%
Purpose: To evaluate the relative diagnostic value of nonmydriatic fundus photography (nFP) among patients screened for diabetic retinopathy in remote rural medical clinics and an urban academic medical center for nonadherence to recommended annual dilated eye examination. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed among diabetic patients seen in primary outpatient clinics between 2006 and 2011 who were screened for diabetic retinopathy with nFP for history of nonadherence to recommended annual dilated eye examination. A single nonstereoscopic, 45°, 10-megapixel digital image of the disc and macula of both eyes was obtained locally and transmitted electronically to a retinal specialist for remote review. The results from remote rural Native American Indian reservations were compared with those from an urban academic family practice clinic. The proportion of subjects diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy and the quality of fundus images were compared. Results: Among 872 patients (1,744 eyes) screened from rural sites and 517 subjects (1,034 eyes) screened from an urban site, images were of good quality for evaluation in 82.4% and 85.7% of subjects, respectively. Diabetic retinopathy was noted in 12.6% of rural subjects and 29.6% of urban subjects (p<0.001). Conclusions: nFP can be a useful tool in both rural and urban settings to screen for diabetic retinopathy in patients who are nonadherent to the recommended dilated annual eye exam. In our study population...

‣ Parental Immigration Status is Associated with Children’s Health Care Utilization: Findings from the 2003 New Immigrant Survey of US Legal Permanent Residents

Yun, Katherine; Fuentes-Afflick, Elena; Curry, Leslie A.; Krumholz, Harlan M.; Desai, Mayur M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.693726%
Our objective was to examine the association between parental immigration status and child health and health care utilization. Using data from a national sample of immigrant adults who had recently become legal permanent residents (LPR), children (n = 2,170) were categorized according to their parents’ immigration status prior to LPR: legalized, mixed-status, refugee, temporary resident, or undocumented. Logistic regression with generalized estimating equations was used to compare child health and health care utilization by parental immigration status over the prior 12 months. Nearly all children in the sample were reported to be in good to excellent health. Children whose parents had been undocumented were least likely to have had an illness that was reported to have required medical attention (5.4 %). Children whose parents had been either undocumented or temporary residents were most likely to have a delayed preventive annual exam (18.2 and 18.7 %, respectively). Delayed dental care was most common among children whose parents had come to the US as refugees (29.1 %). Differences in the preventive annual exam remained significant after adjusting for socioeconomic characteristics. Parental immigration status before LPR was not associated with large differences in reported child health status. Parental immigration status before LPR was associated with the use of preventive annual exams and dental services. However...

‣ A Biosurveillance-driven Home Score to Guide Strep Pharyngitis Treatment

Fine, Andrew; Nizet, Victor; Mandl, Kenneth
Fonte: University of Illinois at Chicago Library Publicador: University of Illinois at Chicago Library
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.740718%
Objective: 1. To derive and validate an accurate clinical prediction model (“home score”) to estimate a patient’s risk of group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis before a health care visit based only on history and real-time local biosurveillance, and to compare its accuracy to traditional clinical prediction models composed of history and physical exam features. 2. To examine the impact of a home score on patient and public health outcomes. Introduction: GAS pharyngitis affects hundreds of millions of individuals globally each year, and over 12 million seek care in the United States annually for sore throat. Clinicians cannot differentiate GAS from other causes of acute pharyngitis based on the oropharynx exam, so consensus guidelines recommend use of clinical scores to classify GAS risk and guide management of adults with acute pharyngitis. When the clinical score is low, consensus guidelines agree patients should neither be tested nor treated for GAS. A prediction model that could identify very-low risk patients prior to an ambulatory visit could reduce low-yield, unnecessary visits for a most common outpatient condition. We recently showed that real-time biosurveillance can further identify patients at low-risk of GAS. With increasing emphasis on patient-centric health care and the well-documented barriers impeding clinicians’ incorporation of prediction models into medical practice...

‣ MIT Automated Auscultation System; Massachusetts Institute of Technology Automated Auscultation System

Syed, Zeeshan Hassan, 1980-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 127 p.; 7383965 bytes; 7400200 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.848083%
At every annual exam, the primary care physician uses a stethoscope to listen for cardiac abnormalities. This approach is non-invasive, inexpensive, and fast. It is also highly unreliable. Over 80% of the people referred to cardiologists as suffering from the most commonly diagnosed condition, mitral valve prolapse (MVP), do not have this condition. Working in conjunction with cardiologists at MGH, we developed a robust, low cost, easy to use tool that can be employed to diagnose MVP in the office of primary care physicians. The system fuses signals from an electronic stethoscope and a two-lead EKG, and uses software running on a desktop or laptop computer to make a diagnosis. We also provide a number of novel audiovisual diagnostic aids. These allow physicians to visualize both individual heart beats and a visual-prototypical heart beat constructed from a sequence of beats. They also permit doctors to listen to an audio-prototypical heart-beat, audio enhanced heart-beats that amplify clinically significant sounds, and slowed down heart-beats that make it easier to separate clinically relevant cardiac events. We tested our system on 51 patients. The number of false positives was reduced to approximately 10%. While there is no generally accepted statistic on false negatives...

‣ Universal Secondary Education (USE) in Guyana

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.848083%
In 2002, Guyana adopted a broadly-based five year plan (2003-2007) to achieve universal secondary education (USE), with a strategy to convert secondary classes in primary schools and grade 7-10 community high schools into General Secondary Schools (GSS) in which all students could present for the Caribbean Examination Certificate (CXC) or an alternative competency-based Certificate. Current status of secondary education (chapter one) summarizes the performance of public schools in Guyana against the Ministry of Education (MOE) policy on universal secondary education (2002), trends evident in the annual statistical digests, and the broad issues presented to Senior MOE officers on 13 December and to the Minister on 19 December 2007. Improving secondary student participation (chapter two) examines national and regional trends in population, enrollment, low levels of apparent transition from primary to secondary schools, poor secondary school entry examination (SSEE) results and issues related to the "size" of secondary schools. Upgrading and qualifying teachers (chapter three) identifies small school enrollment issues in earlier chapters with the enrollment required to offer a viable secondary curriculum...

‣ Teacher Performance Pay

Barrera-Osorio, Felipe; Raju, Dhushyanth
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.880986%
This paper presents evidence from the first three years of a randomized controlled trial of a government-administered pilot teacher performance pay program in Punjab, Pakistan. The program offers yearly cash bonuses to teachers in a sample of public primary schools with the lowest mean student exam scores in the province. Bonuses are linked to three school-level indicators: the gain in student exam scores, the gain in school enrollment, and the level of student exam participation. Bonus receipt and size are also randomly assigned across schools according to whether or not the teacher is the school’s head. On average, the program increases school enrollment by 4.1 percent and student exam participation rates by 3.4 percentage points, both in the third year. The analysis does not find that the program increases student exam scores in any year. Mean impacts are similar across program variants. The positive mean impact on school enrollment is mainly seen in urban schools and the positive mean impact on student exam participation rates is only seen in rural schools.

‣ Albania Early Childhood Development; SABER Country Report 2015

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.249768%
This report presents an analysis of the early childhood development (ECD) programs and policies that affect young children in Albania and recommendations to move forward. This report is part of a series of reports prepared by the World Bank using the systems approach for better education results (SABER) - ECD framework and includes analysis of early learning, health, nutrition, and social and child protection policies, and interventions in Albania, along with regional and international comparisons.

‣ Cameroon Economic Update, January 2014, Issue No. 7; Reexaminer les sources de la croissance : la qualite de l'education de base

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Economic Updates and Modeling
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.848083%
The Cameroon economic updates aim at sharing knowledge and stimulating debate among those interested in improving the economic management of Cameroon and unleashing its enormous potential. The notes thereby offer another voice on economic issues in Cameroon, and an additional platform for engagement, learning, and exchange. The average observed economic growth rate from 2010 to 2013 is a mere four percent, one percentage point below the vision 2035 targets. Achieving the official objectives set for 2020 will require Cameroon to move to double digit annual growth rates over the 2014-2020 period, compared to the 4.8 to 5.4 percent projected by the World Bank. This report looks at the quality of basic education to ensure that the right investments are made in people to build human capital, a key ingredient for sustainable economic growth. Cameroon has achieved significant progress over the last decade in expanding access to basic education. The number of students completing primary school, the primary completion rate...

‣ Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Student Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.460176%
In 2001, FYR Macedonia embarked on a new education policy agenda. One of the goals of this agenda was to improve the country's student assessment system. In order to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of its existing assessment system, FYR Macedonia decided to benchmark this system using standardized tools developed under The World Bank's Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) program. SABER is an evidence-based program to help countries systematically examine and strengthen the performance of different aspects of their education systems. SABER-student assessment is a component of the SABER program that focuses specifically on benchmarking student assessment policies and systems. The goal of SABER-student assessment is to promote stronger assessment systems that contribute to improved education quality and learning for all. The importance of assessment is linked to its role in: providing information on levels of student learning and achievement in the system; monitoring trends in education quality over time; supporting educators and students with real-time information to improve teaching and learning; and holding stakeholders accountable for results. The SABER-student assessment framework is built on the available evidence base for what an effective assessment system looks like. The framework provides guidance on how countries can build more effective student assessment systems. The framework is structured around two main dimensions of assessment systems: the types/purposes of assessment activities and the quality of those activities. Assessment systems tend to be comprised of three main types of assessment activities...

‣ Eritrea - Health and Education Sectors : Public Expenditure Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.848083%
Eritrea is one of the poorest countries in the world, with an average annual per capita income of US$ 200 in 2006, and ranks 157th out of 177 countries in the 2005 human development index. Rain-fed agriculture, the predominant economic activity for more than half the population, is a very risky enterprise and food security remains one of the government's main concerns. Given the security situation the government is concerned about fiscal transparency for national security reasons, but has provided access to fiscal data for a review of the education and health sectors. There have been significant improvements in access to education since independence, and improving the skills of the labor force remains critical for Eritrea's long term development. Eritrea's public resource allocation to education has increased rapidly and at 6.7 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2005 is slightly higher than many countries in the Africa Region. There has been a rapid expansion in tertiary education following investments in 2005 to provide an additional five colleges. The general health status of Eritrea has greatly improved since independence.

‣ Sindh Province, Pakistan Student Assessment : SABER Country Report 2012

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.589656%
In 2012, Sindh Province, Pakistan joined the Russia Education Aid for Development (READ) trust fund program, the goal of which is to help countries improve their capacity to design, carry out, analyze, and use assessments for improved student learning. As part of the READ trust fund program, and in order to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of its existing assessment system, Tajikistan participated in a formal exercise to benchmark its student assessment system under The World Bank's Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) program. SABER is an evidence-based program to help countries systematically examine and strengthen the performance of different aspects of their education systems. SABER-student assessment is a component of the SABER program that focuses specifically on benchmarking student assessment policies and systems. The goal of SABER-student assessment is to promote stronger assessment systems that contribute to improved education quality and learning for all. The importance of assessment is linked to its role in: providing information on levels of student learning and achievement in the system; monitoring trends in education quality over time; supporting educators and students with real-time information to improve teaching and learning; and holding stakeholders accountable for results. The SABER-student assessment framework is built on the available evidence base for what an effective assessment system looks like. The framework provides guidance on how countries can build more effective student assessment systems. The framework is structured around two main dimensions of assessment systems: the types/purposes of assessment activities and the quality of those activities. Assessment systems tend to be comprised of three main types of assessment activities...

‣ Punjab Province, Pakistan Student Assessment : SABER Country Report 2012

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.460176%
In 2012, Punjab Province, Pakistan joined the Russia Education Aid for Development (READ) trust fund program, the goal of which is to help countries improve their capacity to design, carry out, analyze, and use assessments for improved student learning. As part of the READ trust fund program, and in order to gain a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of its existing assessment system, Tajikistan participated in a formal exercise to benchmark its student assessment system under The World Bank's Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) program. SABER is an evidence-based program to help countries systematically examine and strengthen the performance of different aspects of their education systems. SABER-student assessment is a component of the SABER program that focuses specifically on benchmarking student assessment policies and systems. The goal of SABER-student assessment is to promote stronger assessment systems that contribute to improved education quality and learning for all. The importance of assessment is linked to its role in: providing information on levels of student learning and achievement in the system; monitoring trends in education quality over time; supporting educators and students with real-time information to improve teaching and learning; and holding stakeholders accountable for results. The SABER-student assessment framework is built on the available evidence base for what an effective assessment system looks like. The framework provides guidance on how countries can build more effective student assessment systems. The framework is structured around two main dimensions of assessment systems: the types/purposes of assessment activities and the quality of those activities. Assessment systems tend to be comprised of three main types of assessment activities...

‣ Breast self-examination: knowledge, attitudes, and performance among black women.

Jacob, T. C.; Penn, N. E.; Brown, M.
Fonte: National Medical Association Publicador: National Medical Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1989 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.740718%
This survey assessed the reported frequency of breast self-examination (BSE): the knowledge of the technique and attitudes regarding the self-exam of 180 black women. Most respondents indicated having practiced the exam during the previous year, and 50% reported practicing it monthly or more often. Less than half of the sample indicated performing the exam according to American Cancer Society guidelines, although 92% reported being either very confident or somewhat confident of their performance ability. Attitudinal and demographic variables were tested for significant relationships with BSE practice. Compared with nonperformers, BSE performers were older, had higher annual incomes, and were more likely to believe in the benefits of BSE, to perceive social approval for BSE practice, to have been taught to perform BSE, to have had a Pap smear, a clinical breast exam, and a general physical exam within one year, and to visit a physician in a private office or clinic (as opposed to a hospital emergency room). Frequency of self-examination was significantly associated with the performer's competency level, age, belief in the benefits of performing BSE, perceived social approval for practice, having been taught to perform the exam, and level of confidence in ability to perform it.

‣ O retrato frente/verso da aprendizagem a distância no Brasil 2009A snapshot of the front and back of distance learning in Brazil in 2009

Litto, Fredric M.
Fonte: ETD - Educação Temática Digital Publicador: ETD - Educação Temática Digital
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/10/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.292041%
A aprendizagem a distância no Brasil hoje enfrenta uma época de contrastes conflituosos simultâneos de atos e fatos. No lado positivo, houve, de 2004 a 2008, um crescimento de 1.175% de universitários estudando a distância, chegando a ter cerca de um milhão de alunos, ou um sexto do total matriculado no ensino superior (o crescimento anual de número de alunos no presencial é de apenas 5%). Quase 300 instituições estão autorizadas, por diferentes níveis governamentais, para realizar cursos de graduação e pós-graduação (latu senso); e é importante notar o sucesso do fator “extra-territorialidade” (45% das instituições autorizadas têm até 50% dos seus alunos residindo em estados que não são o da sede, e 23% têm mais de 50% fora do estado sede). Embora seja com atraso que o Brasil entra no rol de países oferecendo ensino superior a distância, é significativo o fato de que instituições de renome já estarem adiantadas no processo (como MIT, Harvard, Oxford, Cambridge e Londres). A potencial contribuição da EAD para o Brasil é incalculável: menos de 40% dos municípios do país têm uma instituição de ensino superior, e 14% dos brasileiros têm necessidades especiais que dificultam sua participação no ensino presencial...