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‣ Isolation, chemical composition and anti-inflammatory activity of Copaifera langsdorffii desf. fruit peels essential oil according to successive hydrodistillations

PEREIRA, Fabricio J.; MARTINS, Felipe T.; CORREA, Rodrigo S.; MOREIRA, Maria E. C.; COSTA, Ana M. D. D.; SANTOS, Marcelo H. Dos; POLO, Marcelo; BARBOSA, Luiz C. A.
Fonte: COLEGIO FARMACEUTICOS PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES Publicador: COLEGIO FARMACEUTICOS PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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In this study, the isolation and characterization of chemical composition of C. langsdorffii (copaiba) fruit peel volatile oil from Alfenas - MG was carried out according to successive hydrodistillations, likewise the anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated by rat paw edema model. The chemical composition of the oil was determined by GC-MS analysis. The major components were (E)-caryophyllene, germacrene B, 1,5-epoxysalvial-4(14)-ene, caryophyllene oxide and isospathulenol. The inflammatory process was inhibited in 39 +/- 6 % (p<0.05, Tukey-Kramer) by one sample of essential oil. The C. langsdorffii fruit peel is a rich source of essential oil (3.8% w/w), and due to potential industrial interest of its components this ecotype presents feasible crop seeking productivity and it could constitutes in a good alternative to the sustainable use of this specie.

‣ Desenvolvimento de nanoemulsões à base de óleo de maracujá ('Passiflora edulis') e óleo essencial de lavanda ('Lavandula officinalis') e avaliação da atividade antiinflamatória tópica; Development of nanoemulsions containing passion fruit seed oil (Passiflora edulis) and lavender essential oil (Lavandula officinalis) and evaluation of its topical anti-inflammatory activity.

Camargo, Maria Fernanda Pires de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/05/2008 Português
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A nanotecnologia é um fenômeno que se aplica a praticamente todos os setores da ciência, sendo que na área cosmética o elevado investimento neste campo tem reforçado a idéia de que produtos nanotecnológicos proporcionam vantagens reais aos consumidores. A crescente exigência do consumidor e os avanços no conhecimento sobre obtenção e estabilidade dos sistemas dispersos viabilizam o desenvolvimento de veículos diferenciados como, por exemplo, nanoemulsões, que além da inerente estabilidade, apresentam aspecto sensorial agradável, alta capacidade de espalhabilidade e hidratação, além de poderem facilitar a penetração de ativos. Existem dois métodos de obtenção de nanoemulsões: os que empregam baixa ou alta energia de emulsificação. O uso de óleos vegetais em produtos cosméticos tem sido intensamente valorizado, baseando-se no conceito de que são seguros e biocompatíveis. O óleo de maracujá é extensamente empregado em formulações cosméticas e o óleo essencial de lavanda é citado na literatura pelo efeito cicatrizante e antiinflamatório, dentre outros. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo desenvolver nanoemulsões à base de óleo de maracujá e óleo essencial de lavanda nas concentrações de 1,0, 2...

‣ Atividade anti-inflamatória e caracterização fitoquímica do chá e de diferentes extratos de Tithonia diversifolia (Asteraceae); Anti-inflammatory activity and phytochemical characterization of infuse and different extracts from Tithonia diversifolia (Asteraceae)

Paula, Daniela Aparecida Chagas de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/10/2010 Português
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88.30055%
Tithonia diversifolia Hemsl. A. Gray (margaridão, Asteraceae) é uma planta medicinal com propriedade anti-inflamatória bastante promissora, embora tenha sido parcialmente investigada do ponto de vista químico e farmacológico. Neste trabalho, a partir de suas folhas foram obtidos um infuso (chá), um extrato de lavagem foliar em acetona rico em lactonas sesquiterpênicas (LSTs), um extrato em metanol-H2O das folhas livres de tricomas (ELT) e o óleo essencial, incluindo das inflorescências. Pela primeira vez os constituintes polares das folhas de T. diversifolia foram identificados e o seu mecanismo de ação anti-inflamatório foi investigado. Através dos perfis químicos dos extratos obtidos por CLAE-UV-DAD e CG-EM, comparação com dados da literatura e de uma biblioteca de padrões, juntamente com a identificação de alguns constituintes isolados, foi possível identificar mais de 20 substâncias desta planta e efetuar a caracterização química de todos seus extratos. O sucesso na obtenção de extratos que refletem diferentes classes de metabólitos secundários de T. diversifolia, avaliados por ensaios anti-inflamatórios in vivo (tópico e oral) e in vitro, permitiu concluir que as LSTs não são as únicas substâncias que contribuem para atividade anti-inflamatória da planta como se acreditava anteriormente. O extrato polar (ELT)...

‣ Atividade anti-inflamatória de extrato fenólico de tomate roxo (Solanum Lycopersicum L.) em camundongo em modelo de peritonite induzido pelo LPS; Anti-inflammatory activity of phenolic extract of purple tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in mouse model of peritonitis induced by LPS.

Maia, Afonso Pinho da Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/03/2015 Português
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Visando a produção de um alimento que possua elevados teores de compostos bioativos, a piramidação de genes é uma técnica capaz de estimular o acúmulo e a expressão de novas classes de flavonoides em tecidos vegetais, como por exemplo, o tomate roxo, rico em antocianinas. As antocianinas podem atenuar o processo inflamatório através da modulação da cascata de sinalização e da expressão de enzimas, sendo este um dos possíveis mecanismos de ação que leva a promoção da saúde, atribuído a esta classe de compostos. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a ação anti-inflamatória do extrato de tomate roxo, obtido por piramidação dos genes Anthocyanin Fruit (Aft), Aubergine (Abg) e atroviolaceum (atv), em camundongos submetidos ao modelo de peritonite induzida por lipopolissacarídeo (LPS). O fruto tomate vermelho - Micro Tom (MT) e o transformado foram caracterizados quanto ao seu perfil de compostos fenólicos. A casca do tomate roxo, rica em antocianinas, apresentou conteúdo de fenólicos totais dez vezes maior quando comparado à casca do MT, apresentando também maiores quantidades de ácido ascórbico e capacidade antioxidante avaliado nos métodos DPPH e ORAC; em relação à polpa e casca do tomate vermelho e a polpa do tomate roxo. Os principais flavonoides identificados na casca do tomate roxo...

‣ Anti-inflammatory activity of Lychnophora passerina, Asteraceae (Brazilian arnica)

Capelari-Oliveira, P.; Paula, C. A.; Rezende, S. A.; Campos, F. T.; Grabe-Guimarães, A.; Lombardi, J. A.; Saúde-Guimarães, D. A.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 393-398
Português
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88.28458%
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Lychnophora passerina (Asteraceae), popularly known as arnica, is used to treat inflammation, pain, rheumatism, contusions, bruises and insect bites in Brazilian traditional medicine. Materials and methods: The anti-inflammatory activity of crude ethanolic extract of aerial parts of L. passerina and its ethyl acetate and methanolic fractions had their abilities to modulate the production of NO, TNF-α and IL-10 inflammatory mediators in LPS/IFN-γ-stimulated J774.A1 macrophages evaluated. Moreover, the crude ethanolic extract and derived fractions were also in vivo assayed by carrageenan-induced paw oedema in mice. Results: In vitro assays showed remarkable anti-inflammatory activity of L. passerina crude ethanolic extract (EE) and its ethyl acetate (A) and methanolic (M) fractions, through the inhibition of production of NO and TNF-α inflammatory mediators and induction of production of IL-10 anti-inflammatory cytokine. In vivo assays showed anti-inflammatory activity for EE 10% ointment, similar to the standard drug diclofenac gel. The A and M fraction ointments 20% presented anti-inflammatory activity. Conclusion: The results obtained showed that possible anti-inflammatory effects of EE and its A and M fractions may be attributed to inhibition pro-inflammatory cytokines production...

‣ Review of the plants with anti-inflammatory activity studied in Brazil

Falcão,Heloina de S.; Lima,Igara O.; Santos,Vanda L. dos; Dantas,Harlan de F.; Diniz,Margareth de F.F.M.; Barbosa-Filho,José M.; Batista,Leônia M.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2005 Português
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The inflammatory reaction is a response of the organism against an injury and it involves the action of complex events and mediators through of the blood vessels. The present work is a literature survey of the extracts of plants with anti-inflammatory activity studied in Brazil. The review refers to 75 plants with their families, parts used, type of extract used, bioassay models and their activity.

‣ Anti-inflammatory activity of alkaloids: a twenty-century review

Barbosa-Filho,José M.; Piuvezam,Márcia R.; Moura,Marcelo D.; Silva,Marcelo S.; Lima,Karla V. Batista; da-Cunha,Emídio V. Leitão; Fechine,Ivana M.; Takemura,Orlando S.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2006 Português
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Many substances which interfere with the inflammatory response have been isolated from plants. This review shows some alkaloids of vegetal origin which in the period of 1907 to 2000 were evaluated regarding a possible anti-inflammatory activity. The alkaloids were classified in sub-groups in accordance with their chemical structures and the pharmacological data were obtained from different experimental models. Of the 171 evaluated alkaloids, 137 presented anti-inflammatory activity, and among those, the isoquinoline type was the most studied. The Carrageenin-induced paw edema was the most used model for evaluating the anti-inflammatory activity. In this review, 174 references were cited.

‣ Mechanisms of action underlying the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of propolis: a brief review

Araujo,Marcio A. R.; Libério,Silvana A.; Guerra,Rosane N. M.; Ribeiro,Maria Nilce S.; Nascimento,Flávia R. F.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2012 Português
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Many biological properties have been attributed to various types of propolis, including anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antitumor, wound healing, and immunomodulatory activities. This article reviewed studies published that investigated the anti-inflammatory activity of propolis of different origins and/or its isolated components, focusing on the mechanisms of action underlying this activity and also addressing some aspects of immunomodulatory effects. The search was performed of the following databases: PubMed, Science Direct, HighWire Press, Scielo, Google Academics, Research Gate and ISI Web of Knowledgement. The anti-inflammatory activity was associated with propolis or compounds such as polyphenols (flavonoids, phenolic acids and their esters), terpenoids, steroids and amino acids. CAPE is the most studied compounds. The main mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory activity of propolis included the inhibition of cyclooxygenase and consequent inhibition of prostaglandin biosynthesis, free radical scavenging, inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis, reduction in the concentration of inflammatory cytokines and immunosuppressive activity. Propolis was found to exert an anti-inflammatory activity in vivo and in vitro models of acute and chronic inflammation and others studies...

‣ Chemical composition and anti-inflammatory activity of the hydrodistillate from Mariscus pedunculatus

Siani,Antonio C.; Silva,Ana M. P.; Nakamura,Marcos J.; De Carvalho,Márcia V.; Henriques,Maria G. M. O.; Ramos,Mônica F. S.; Kaiser,Carlos R.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2001 Português
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A mixture of the benzofuran remirol and the benzopyran isoevodionol (5.7:1) was extracted by hydrodistillation from rhizomes of Mariscus pedunculatus. They were purified by successive thin layer chromatography. Their structure elucidation were confirmed by 2D-NMR experiments. The structure of remirol was also confirmed by its hydrogenation product. Crude distillate and the pure compounds were screened for anti-inflammatory activity by the use of the mouse pleurisy model induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 12.5 ng/cavity). Both the mixture and remirol showed a dose-dependent (100 and 200 mg kg-1 p. o.) capacity to inhibit neutrophil and eosinophil accumulation in the mouse pleural cavity. In contrast, no anti-inflammatory effect was observed for iso-evodionol.

‣ Quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) of 4-amino-2,6-diarylpyrimidine-5-carbonitriles with anti-inflammatory activity

Silva,João Bosco P. da; Ramos,Mozart N.; Barros Neto,Benício de; Melo,Sebastião José de; Falcão,Emerson Peter da Silva; Catanho,Maria Teresa J. de Almeida
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 Português
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The experimental anti-inflammatory activities of eight 4-amino-2,6-diarylpyrimidine-5-carbonitriles were subjected to a QSAR analysis based on results from B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) and AM1 electronic structure calculations. Principal component analyses and regressions based on these data indicate that potentially more active compounds should have low dipole moment and partition coefficient values and also be affected by the values of the charges of the carbon atoms through which the two aromatic rings are bonded to the pyrimidinic ring. Two new molecules were predicted to be at least as active as those with the highest activities used in the model building stage. One of them, having a methoxy group attached to one of the aromatic rings, was predicted to have an anti-inflammatory activity value of 52.3%. This molecule was synthesized and its experimental activity was found to be 52.8%, in agreement with the AM1 theoretical prediction. This value is 5% higher than the largest value used for modeling.

‣ Topical anti-inflammatory activity of Calea prunifolia HBK (Asteraceae) in the TPA model of mouse ear inflammation

Gómez,Milton; Gil,Juan F.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 Português
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Phytochemical study of Calea prunifolia HBK identified two compounds derived from p-hydroxyacetophenone, the 1-(2-hydroxy-5-(1-methoxyethyl)phenyl)-3-methylbut-2 -en-1-one showed a satisfactory anti-inflammatory activity (58.33%), when considering that this is a natural product. Although the two derived compounds are structurally similar, the anti-inflammatory activity of 1-(2-hydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)-3-methylbut-2-en-1-one was not significant (2.08%). The test was conducted in a model of inflammation induced by topical application of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in the ear of mice. The positive control was tested with indomethacin and the negative control was done only with vehicle. These results allow the identification of a pharmacophore group that through molecular modeling studies and organic synthesis can result in compounds with improved anti-inflammatory activity.

‣ Modified eremophilanes and anti-inflammatory activity of Psacalium cirsiifolium

Arciniegas,Amira; Pérez-Castorena,Ana L.; Nieto-Camacho,Antonio; Villaseñor,José Luis; Vivar Romo de,Alfonso
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 Português
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Four new modified eremophilanes, together with ten known cacalol derivatives, two caryophyllenes, one aromadendrene and one flavonoid were isolated from Psacalium cirsiifolium. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis. The anti-inflammatory activity of extracts and of seven of the isolated compounds was evaluated on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) model of induced acute inflammation. The new compound 2α -hydroxyadenostin B (4) showed a dose dependent activity (IC50 0.41 µmol per ear) and a neutrophil inhibition effect as measured by the myeloperoxidase (MPO) assay similar to that of indomethacin at 0.31 and 1.0 µmol per ear.

‣ Anti-inflammatory activity of propolis extracts: a review

Almeida,E. C. de; Menezes,H.
Fonte: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP Publicador: Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2002 Português
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Since primeval times, the inflammatory process has been described in many different ways. Several anti-inflammatory therapies have been used in different biological models. However, in a recent "back to nature move", modern man is searching for natural products with medicinal properties, particularly those obtained from plants and bees. Propolis has been used in folk medicine for a very long time. The many compounds present in propolis require investigation.Physical-chemical analysis studies have not sufficiently established quality standards of propolis containing products. These standards should depend especially on their different pharmacological activities. There are few studies reporting on the in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of propolis containing products. It is necessary to evaluate the anti-inflammatory potential of commercial products containing propolis.

‣ Antioxidant properties of proanthocyanidins of Uncaria tomentosa bark decoction: a mechanism for anti-inflammatory activity

Gonçalves, Cristina; Dinis, Teresa; Batista, Maria Teresa
Fonte: Universidade de Coimbra Publicador: Universidade de Coimbra
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: aplication/PDF
Português
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Decoctions prepared from the bark of Uncaria tomentosa (cat's claw) are widely used in the traditional Peruvian medicine for the treatment of several diseases, in particular as a potent anti-inflammatory agent. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to determine if the well-known anti-inflammatory activity of cat's claw decoction was related with its reactivity with the oxidant species generated in the inflammatory process and to establish a relationship between such antioxidant ability and its phenolic composition.; http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6TH7-4F0850T-4/1/3219343cbe74d7f0377521c42991f33e

‣ Anti-inflammatory activity of Heterotheca subaxillaris var. latifolia (Buckley) Gandhi & R.D. Thomas, Asteraceae

Gorzalczany,Susana; Rosella,Maria A.; Spegazzini,Etile D.; Acevedo,Cristina; Debenedetti,Silvia L.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2009 Português
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The anti-inflammatory activity of the petroleum ether, dichloromethane and methanol extracts from Heterotheca subaxillaris var. latifolia were assayed using 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate (TPA) induced ear edema test in mice and carrageenan-induced paw edema test in rats. The dichloromethane extract showed a significant anti-inflammatory activity (91% of inhibition) in TPA-induced ear edema test (topical administration at 1 mg/ear). No effects were seen on carragenan-induced edema. Bio-guided fractionation deal to the isolation of the major flavonoids santin, pectolinaringenin, 3,6-dimethoxy-5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone and hispidulin present in the active fractions.

‣ Anti-inflammatory activity of Adenanthera pavonina L., Fabaceae, in experimental animals

Ara,Arzumand; Arifuzzaman,Mohammad; Ghosh,Chanchal K.; Hashem,Md. A.; Ahmad,Mesbah U.; Bachar,Sitesh C.; Nahar,Lutfun; Sarker,Satyajit D.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 Português
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Adenanthera pavonina L, Fabaceae alt. Leguminosae, Bengali name 'rakta kombol', is an Indian medicinal plant. It is endemic to Southern China and India, and widely naturalized in Malaysia, Western and Eastern Africa as well as in most islands of both the Pacific and Caribbean regions. This plant has been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of asthma, boil, diarrhoea, gout, inflammations, rheumatism, tumour and ulcers, and as a tonic. The dried and ground bark of A. pavonina L. was extracted, successively, with petroleum ether (PE), dichloromethane (DCM), ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and methanol (MeOH), and the resulting extracts were assessed in vivo for anti-inflammatory activity on carrageenan-induced rat hind paw oedema as a model of inflammation. The extracts were administered orally at the doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight, and statistically significant (p<0.001) anti-inflammatory effects were observed in a dose dependant manner. The MeOH extract (400 mg/kg) showed 37.10% (p<0.01) inhibition of inflammation at the first hour of the study and, the DCM extract (400 mg/kg) exhibited 33.11% (p<0.001) inhibition of inflammation at the third hour of the study which was comparable with that of reference standard drug dichlofenac sodium. The results of this study supported some of the traditional medicinal uses of this plant.

‣ In vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of red clover Trifolium pratense dry extract

Ramos,Graziele P.; Apel,Miriam A.; Morais,Cláudia B. de; Ceolato,Paula C.; Schapoval,Elfrides E. S.; Dall'Agnol,Miguel; Zuanazzi,José A. S.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2012 Português
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Red clover Trifolium pratense L., Fabaceae, contains four isoflavones, mainly formononetin and biochanin A, and in smaller concentrations, daidzein and genistein. These compounds have gained a lot interest due to its human health benefits, such as estrogenic and progestogenic activities, antioxidant, anti-cancer and others. The objective of this study was to determine in vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of red clover dry extract. The in vitro anti-inflammatory activity was assayed by the technique using the Boyden chamber method, evaluating the leukocyte migration inhibition (chemotaxis). The in vivo anti-inflammatory activity was tested by a carrageenan-induced rat paw edema test. The results of anti-inflammatory in vitro test showed that there was a significant inhibition of leukocyte migration at the concentrations of 100, 50, 25, 10 and 5 µg/mL of red clover dry extract, these doses resulted in 94.73, 95.39, 94.73, 84.68 and 78.75% of inhibition for each dose, respectively. The anti-inflammatory in vivo test resulted in a significant activity in both tested doses (100 and 50 mg/kg of red clover dry extract) and at each tested time. The average percentage of edema inhibition was 63.37%. The findings of this study suggested that red clover extract might be suitable for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.

‣ In vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of red clover Trifolium pratense dry extract

Ramos, Graziele Pereira; Apel, Miriam Anders; Morais, Cláudia Borges de; Ceolato, Paula Casagrande; Schapoval, Elfrides Eva Scherman; Dall'Agnol, Miguel; Zuanazzi, Jose Angelo Silveira
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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88.09186%
Red clover Trifolium pratense L., Fabaceae, contains four isoflavones, mainly formononetin and biochanin A, and in smaller concentrations, daidzein and genistein. These compounds have gained a lot interest due to its human health benefits, such as estrogenic and progestogenic activities, antioxidant, anti-cancer and others. The objective of this study was to determine in vivo and in vitro antiinflammatory activity of red clover dry extract. The in vitro anti-inflammatory activity was assayed by the technique using the Boyden chamber method, evaluating the leukocyte migration inhibition (chemotaxis). The in vivo anti-inflammatory activity was tested by a carrageenan-induced rat paw edema test. The results of anti-inflammatory in vitro test showed that there was a significant inhibition of leukocyte migration at the concentrations of 100, 50, 25, 10 and 5 μg/mL of red clover dry extract, these doses resulted in 94.73, 95.39, 94.73, 84.68 and 78.75% of inhibition for each dose, respectively. The anti-inflammatory in vivo test resulted in a significant activity in both tested doses (100 and 50 mg/kg of red clover dry extract) and at each tested time. The average percentage of edema inhibition was 63.37%. The findings of this study suggested that red clover extract might be suitable for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.

‣ Topical anti-inflammatory activity of quillaic acid from Quillaja saponaria Mol. and some derivatives

Delporte Vergara, Carla; Cassels, Bruce K.; González, Patricia; León, Fredy; Cartagena, Carlos; Silva, Ximena; Wessjohann, Ludger A.; Rodríguez Díaz, Maité
Fonte: Royal Pharmaceutical Society Publicador: Royal Pharmaceutical Society
Tipo: Artículo de revista
Português
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Objectives Quillaic acid is the major aglycone of the widely studied saponins of the Chilean indigenous tree Quillaja saponaria Mol. The industrial availability of quillaja saponins and the extensive functionalisation of this triterpenoid provide unique opportunities for structural modification and pose a challenge from the standpoint of selectivity in regard to one or the other secondary alcohol group, the aldehyde, and the carboxylic acid functions. The anti-inflammatory activity of this sapogenin has not been studied previously and it has never been used to obtain potential anti-inflammatory derivatives. Methods Aseries of quillaic acid derivatives were prepared and subjected to topical assays for the inhibition of inflammation induced by arachidonic acid or phorbol ester. Key findings Quillaic acid exhibited strong topical anti-inflammatory activity in both models. Most of its derivatives were less potent, but the hydrazone 8 showed similar potency to quillaic acid in the TPA assay. Conclusions The structural modifications performed and the biological results suggest that the aldehyde and carboxyl groups are relevant to the anti-inflammatory activity in these models.; This work was supported by FONDECYT (grant no. 1080174) and ICM (grant P05-001-F)...

‣ Anti-inflammatory activity of Urera baccifera (Urticaceae) in Sprague-Dawley rats

Badilla,Beatriz; Mora,Gerardo; Lapa,Antonio José; Silva Emim,Jose Arthur
Fonte: Revista de Biología Tropical Publicador: Revista de Biología Tropical
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/1999 Português
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On a preliminary test, anti-inflammatory and analgesic dose-related activities on rats were observed for the aqueous fraction of Urera baccifera; this extract was bioassay-guided fractionated and the final aqueous fraction was used according the ethnobotanical use. Carrageenan-induced edema (n=6), was used as an assay in the fractionating process. The anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive properties of the final aqueous fraction were studied using in vivo models. For the anti-inflammatory activity rat paw edema (n=6), pleurisy induced by carrageenan (n=6) and ear edema induced by topical croton oil (n=6) models were used, and tail-flick test (n=6), abdominal constrictions induced by acetic acid (n=6), and formalin test (n=6), were used for the antinociceptive activity. The tests performed showed an inhibition effect on leukocyte migration, and a reduction on pleural exudate, as well as dose-dependant peripheral analgesic activity, at a range of 25-100 mg/kg i.p. The final aqueous fraction contains most of the anti-inflammatory activity of the plant U. baccifera. A possible mechanism of action is discussed and based on the results we conclude that this plant has a potential for both anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity at the clinical level.