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‣ Optimal experimental design applied to DC resistivity problems

Coles, Darrell Ardon, 1971-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 323 p.
Português
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The systematic design of experiments to optimally query physical systems through manipulation of the data acquisition strategy is termed optimal experimental design (OED). This dissertation introduces the state-of-the-art in OED theory and presents a new design methodology, which is demonstrated by application to DC resistivity problems. The primary goal is to minimize inversion model errors and uncertainties, where the inversion is approached via nonlinear least squares with L1 smoothness constraints. An equally important goal is to find ways to expedite experimental design to make it practical for a wider variety of surveying situations than is currently possible.A fast, sequential ED strategy is introduced that designs surveys accumulatively by an efficient method that maximizes the determinant of the Jacobian matrix. An analysis of electrode geometries for multielectrode data acquisition systems reveals that experiment-space can be usefully decimated by using special subsets of observations, reducing design CPU times. Several techniques for decimating model-space are also considered that reduce design times.A law of diminishing returns is observed; compact, information-dense designed surveys produce smaller model errors than comparably sized random and standard surveys...