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‣ Characterization and Construction of Functional cDNA Clones of Pariacoto Virus, the First Alphanodavirus Isolated outside Australasia

Johnson, Karyn N.; Zeddam, Jean-Louis; Ball, L. Andrew
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2000 Português
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Pariacoto virus (PaV) was recently isolated in Peru from the Southern armyworm (Spodoptera eridania). PaV particles are isometric, nonenveloped, and about 30 nm in diameter. The virus has a bipartite RNA genome and a single major capsid protein with a molecular mass of 39.0 kDa, features that support its classification as a Nodavirus. As such, PaV is the first Alphanodavirus to have been isolated from outside Australasia. Here we report that PaV replicates in wax moth larvae and that PaV genomic RNAs replicate when transfected into cultured baby hamster kidney cells. The complete nucleotide sequences of both segments of the bipartite RNA genome were determined. The larger genome segment, RNA1, is 3,011 nucleotides long and contains a 973-amino-acid open reading frame (ORF) encoding protein A, the viral contribution to the RNA replicase. During replication, a 414-nucleotide long subgenomic RNA (RNA3) is synthesized which is coterminal with the 3′ end of RNA1. RNA3 contains a small ORF which could encode a protein of 90 amino acids similar to the B2 protein of other alphanodaviruses. RNA2 contains 1,311 nucleotides and encodes the 401 amino acids of the capsid protein precursor α. The amino acid sequences of the PaV capsid protein and the replicase subunit share 41 and 26% identity with homologous proteins of Flock house virus...

‣ Emergency department discharge instructions: a wide variation in practice across Australasia

Taylor, D. M.; Cameron, P.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2000 Português
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Objectives—All patients discharged from the emergency department (ED) should be given discharge instructions (DIs). This study aimed to describe the DI practices of EDs in Australasia and to examine the differences between public and private EDs.

‣ THE JOURNAL OF THE CHIROPRACTIC & OSTEOPATHIC COLLEGE OF AUSTRALASIA: (Five Years of Contribution)

Walker, Bruce F.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1998 Português
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The first edition of the Journal of the Chiropractic and Osteopathic College of Australasia was known as COMSIG Review and was published in November, 1992 to coincide with a large conference that COCA had organised in Melbourne.

‣ Frederick Brigden

unknown
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Formato: photograph; b&w
Português
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Senior Trustee, Federated Furnishing Trade Society of Australasia - NSW Branch

‣ G Cracknell

unknown
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Formato: photograph; b&w
Português
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Treasurer, Federated Furnishing Trade Society of Australasia, Jan 1891-Mar 1912

‣ eResearch Australasia 2007 Post-conference workshops

Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Outros
Português
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Post-conference workshops from eResearch Australasia 2007, held on 29 June 2007. eResearch Australasia 2007 was held 26-28 June 2007 at The University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia, with workshops following on 29 June. Principal sponsors were DEST, MAPS, and APSR.

‣ Local complexity in patterns of canopy-benthos associations produces regional patterns across temperate Australasia

Irving, A.; Connell, S.; Gillanders, B.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 Português
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Across subtidal coasts of temperate Australasia, canopy–benthos associations are mostly understood from broadly defined studies of kelp forests within eastern Australia and north-eastern New Zealand. We tested the hypotheses that (1) benthic assemblages differ between monospecific stands of Ecklonia radiata and stands that comprise E. radiata mixed with other canopy-forming species, (2) patterns observed locally (i.e. within sites 1–10 km apart) match those observed among regions (>1,000 km apart) for which (3) eastern Australia and northern New Zealand are representative of other regions of temperate Australasia. Benthic assemblages almost always differed among monospecific, mixed, and open stands indicating that failure to distinguish between superficially similar habitats can lead to over-generalised conclusions about the ecology of kelp forests. Patterns of differences among stands did not change between western and southern Australia but differed from eastern Australia, and patterns from all regions were distinct from New Zealand (WA=SA≠EA≠NZ). Whilst local patterns were complex, the major morphological groups that often characterise benthos (i.e. encrusting coralline algae and turf-forming algae) revealed patterns that could be related across space from local to regional scales. These findings demonstrate that knowledge about the configuration of canopy-forming species will improve confidence about the representativeness of results and that any local complexity need not impede searches for generality when the spatial limits of patterns are also understood.; A. D. Irving...

‣ Fatalities associated with the use of γ-hydroxybutyrate and its analogues in Australasia; Fatalities associated with the use of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and its analogues in Australasia

Caldicott, D.; Chow, F.; Burns, B.; Felgate, P.; Byard, R.
Fonte: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd Publicador: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 Português
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Objective: To identify deaths in Australasia associated with overdose of γ-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and its precursors (γ-butyrolactone and 1,4-butanediol). Design: A retrospective search of medical and scientific information sources, as well as popular newsprint, for the period January 2000 – August 2003, with formal clinical, toxicological and forensic evaluation of retrieved data. Main outcome measure: Death associated with forensic data implicating GHB or its analogues. Results: Ten confirmed GHB-associated deaths were identified, with eight considered to be directly attributable to GHB. Only two of these eight cases were positive for ethanol toxicology. Conclusions: Our study supports the existing evidence that GHB overdose is associated with fatalities, and that fatal overdoses occur in the context of isolated use.; David G E Caldicott, Fiona Y Chow, Brian J Burns, Peter D Felgate and Roger W Byard; The document attached has been archived with permission from the editor of the Medical Journal of Australia. An external link to the publisher’s copy is included.

‣ Variations in low altitude circulation and rainfall over Australasia during the southern hemisphere summer monsoon regime / Robert J. Allan

Allan, Robert J.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 227704 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //1983 Português
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Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, 1983; Bibliography: leaves 320-343; xxxi, 343 leaves [6] folded leaves [103] leaves of plates : ill. (some col.), maps ; 30 cm.; Title page, contents and abstract only. The complete thesis in print form is available from the University Library.

‣ The history and development of the human genetics society of Australasia

Sutherland, G.
Fonte: Australian Academic Press Pty. Ltd. Publicador: Australian Academic Press Pty. Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
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The Human Genetics Society of Australasia is a vibrant professional society with more than 900 members that promotes and regulates the practice of human and medical genetics in Australia and New Zealand. The growth of human genetics was stimulated by the development of diagnostic clinical cytogenetics laboratories in the early to mid 1960s. This coincided with the recognition by medical specialists, mainly paediatricians, that genetic disorders, especially inborn errors of metabolism and birth defects, were of clinical interest and potentially challenging areas for their skills. The organisation of professionals in human genetics was slow to evolve. There was an early Western Australian Human Genetics Society and the cytogenetics community had begun to meet annually from about 1966 but was coordinated by a mailing list rather than as a formal organisation. In 1976, as part of the celebrations of the Centenary Year of the Adelaide Children’s Hospital, a clinical genetics meeting involving several high profile international speakers and most of the senior medical geneticists in Australia and New Zealand along with the annual meeting of the loose knit cytogeneticists group agreed that a small working group be charged with setting up a Human Genetics Society. The Society was formally incorporated in South Australia in 1977.; Grant R Sutherland

‣ Lygosomine phylogeny and the origins of Australian scincid lizards

Skinner, A.; Hugall, A.; Hutchinson, M.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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Aim: Australian scincid lizards represent three distinct groups within the cosmopolitan clade Lygosominae, the Egernia, Eugongylus and Sphenomorphus groups. This paper presents a time-calibrated phylogeny for Lygosominae that provides the necessary temporal framework for assessing the contributions of immigration from Asia and of Gondwanan inheritance in the derivation of the Australian scincid fauna. Location: Australasia, Asia, Africa. Methods: Phylogenetic relationships and divergence times were inferred from novel BDNF, c-mos and PTPN12 sequences (2408 aligned sites). Results: Lygosomine monophyly is well supported, and there is strong support for monophyly of the Egernia, Eugongylus and Sphenomorphus groups. A sistergroup relationship of Tribolonotus (distributed in Melanesia and the Papuan Region) and the Egernia group is strongly supported in both Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses. Australian representatives of the Sphenomorphus group compose a significantly supported clade estimated to have originated c. 25 Ma. An age of c. 18 Ma is inferred for a strongly supported clade comprising Australian representatives of the Egernia group; this clade diverged from Corucia zebrata (confined to the Solomon Islands) c. 25 Ma and from Tribolonotus c. 54 Ma. A well-supported clade including all Australian Eugongylus group taxa sampled is estimated to have arisen c. 20 Ma. Main conclusions: The Australian Sphenomorphus group is nested within the more inclusive Sphenomorphus group (distributed primarily in Asia and Australasia)...

‣ Drug and Alcohol Nurses of Australasia (DANA)

Hickman, M.; de Crespigny, C.
Fonte: Australian Nursing Federation Publicador: Australian Nursing Federation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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Drug and Alcohol Nurses of Australasia (DANA) is the peak alcohol and other drug nursing organisation in Australasia providing leadership to nurses and midwives with a professional interest in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs (ATOD) issues.; Margo Hickman and Charlotte De Crespigny

‣ Human Genetics Society of Australasia position statement: population-based carrier screening for cystic fibrosis

Delatycki, M.B.; Burke, J.; Christie, L.; Collins, F.; Gabbett, M.; George, P.; Haan, E.; Ioannou, L.; Martin, N.; McKenzie, F.; O'Leary, P.; Scoble-Williams, N.; Turner, G.; Massie, J.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press (CUP) Publicador: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
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Since the discovery in 1989 that mutations in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) underlie cystic fibrosis (CF), the most common life shortening genetic disorder in Caucasians, it has been possible to identify heterozygous mutation carriers at risk of having affected children. The Human Genetics Society of Australasia has produced a position statement with recommendations in relation to population-based screening for CF. These include: (1) that screening should be offered to all relatives of people with or carriers of CF (cascade testing) as well as to all couples planning to have children or who are pregnant; (2) the minimum CFTR mutation panel to be tested consists of 17 mutations which are those mutations that are associated with typical CF and occur with a frequency of 0.1% or higher among individuals diagnosed with CF in Australasia; (3) that genetic counselling is offered to all couples where both members are known to have one or two CFTR mutations and that such couples are given the opportunity to meet with a physician with expertise in the management of CF as well as a family/individual affected by the condition.; Martin B. Delatycki, Jo Burke, Louise Christie, Felicity Collins, Michael Gabbett, Peter George...

‣ Development of soil ecotoxicity tests and their implementation in Australia and New Zealand

Warne, M.; O'Halloran, K.; McLaughlin, M.; Broos, K.; Davies, H.
Fonte: Allen Press Publicador: Allen Press
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2004 Português
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The National Environment Protection Measure (NEPM) for Site Contamination (1999) and the Resource Management Act (1991) are the two pieces of legislation that govern the assessment and treatment of contaminated sites in Australia and New Zealand respectively. Both have incorporated the concepts of risk and sustainable management and encourage the use of chemical and biological data in the form of laboratory toxicity tests and direct toxicity assessment. The NEPM includes a set of human health and environmental investigation levels (EILs). If these are exceeded then either management action (in the form of remediation) or site-specific investigation (in the form of further chemical analyses and toxicity testing) is triggered. However, due to the lack of appropriate data only provisional EILs, based solely on phytoxicity data, could be developed. These are applied to all urban land but are really only valid for sandy loams with a pH of 6-8. Soil toxicity tests are required to assess site-specific impacts and to provide data that are used to derive EILs. The development of soil ecotoxicity tests has occurred only relatively recently in Australia and New Zealand (Australasia). It has lagged considerably behind developments in aquatic environments...

‣ Charles O'Hara

unknown
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Formato: photograph; b&w
Português
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Treasurer, Federated Furnishing Trade Society of Australasia - Victorian Branch, 1897-1911; Assistant Secretary, Federated Furnishing Trade Society of Australasia - Victorian Branch, 1911-[1914].

‣ Executive Committee, Federated Furnishing Trade Societies of Australasia - Victorian Branch

Allan Studios, Smith Street, Collingwood, Vic
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Formato: photograph; b&w
Português
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Back Row: J Lambe (Trustee), S Noel (Trustee), E Houghton (Trustee); Front Row: C O'Hara , J Manson (Vice-President), W McLoughlin (President), T Waterson (Vice-President), A Dobson (Secretary); Image (silver gelatin); minor deterioration evident, Nov 2006.

‣ Explaining the "anomalous" distribution of Echinodium Jur. (Bryopsida) : independent evolution in Macaronesia and Australasia

Stech, Michael; Sim-Sim, Manuela; Esquível, M. Glória; Fontinha, Susana; Tangney, Ray; Lobo, Carlos; Gabriel, Rosalina; Quandt, Dietmar
Fonte: ElsevierGmbH Publicador: ElsevierGmbH
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/10/2008 Português
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Copyright © 2008 Gesellschaft für Biologische Systematik. Published by Elsevier GmbH.; The peculiar disjunction between Macaronesia and Australasia of the morphologically isolated pleurocarpous moss genus Echinodium is one of the most prominent questions in bryology. Echinodium as traditionally circumscribed comprises six extant species, four restricted to the Macaronesian archipelagos and two confined to the Australasian/Pacific regions. Molecular phylogenetic analyses based on plastid trnLUAA intron and nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences indicate that Echinodium is polyphyletic and split into three groups. Three of the four Macaronesian species (E. spinosum and the single island endemics E. renauldii and E. setigerum) are closely related to each other and treated as Echinodium s.str. (Echinodiaceae). Further clarification of the relationships of Echinodium s.str. with Orthostichella, a segregate of Lembophyllaceae, is needed. The remaining Macaronesian species, E. prolixum, is transferred to Isothecium (Lembophyllaceae); this systematic position is also strongly supported by leaf characters. The two Australasian species, E. hispidum and E. umbrosum, are molecularly unrelated to the Macaronesian species and are transferred to Thamnobryum in the Neckeraceae. While the molecular data suggest that the peculiar distribution pattern of ‘Echinodium’ is an artefact...

‣ Environmental history in Australasia

Robin, Elizabeth (Libby); Griffiths, Thomas
Fonte: The White Horse Press Publicador: The White Horse Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Australia and New Zealand share a southern, settler society history and cultural solidarity as British colonies and dominions. Their early unity as 'Australasia' is where this paper begins, focusing on the strong role of science in shaping environmental history and policy in both countries. Agricultural science was crucial to environmental policy and has given a distinctive quality to the practice of environmental history in Australasia. But the long-term influences of very different physical environments and Indigenous inheritances. ultimately define Australian and New Zealand environmental historiography as more contrastive than similar, and promise to drive these countries in divergent directions.

‣ Re-Membering Australasia: A Repressed Memory

Denoon, Donald
Fonte: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Throughout the nineteenth century, the term Australasia embraced all the British dependencies in the South Pacific. Federation brought six of these dependencies together, but disrupted the wider Australasia by excluding New Zealand, British New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Fiji. The consequent national histories and historiographies sought to ignore or deny the regional context; but economic, political and cultural links persisted and evolved. This regional nexus has no name (Australasia having been debased), but it is very real for most of its member states and societies. Now Australians are reluctant to acknowledge the only regional club which accepts us as members; but chronic crises in many parts of the region demand our reconsideration.

‣ Sphagnum in peatlands of Australasia: their distribution, utilisation and management

Whinam, Jennie; Hope, Geoffrey; Clarkson, B R; Buxton, R; Alspach, P; Adam, P
Fonte: Kluwer Academic Publishers Publicador: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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In comparison to the northern hemisphere, Sphagnum peatlands are an unusual and infrequent component of the Australasian landscape. Most peatlands in Australasia are primarily composed of either Restionaceous or Cyperaceous peats. Sphagnum peatlands in Australia and Papua New Guinea/Irian Jaya (now West Papua) are largely located in montane and alpine environments, but also occur down to sea level in New Zealand and as moss patches on some subantarctic islands. Fire is a major determinant of the characteristics of peatlands in Australasia. Peatland management in Australasia is hindered by the need for increased understanding of peatland processes to enable a sustainable balance of conservation of a small resource with localised utilisation. The management focus in Australasia has largely been on ensuring ecologically sustainable Sphagnum moss harvesting, with limited peat mining. We have found that general recovery of Sphagnum after moss harvesting can be enhanced by harvesting larger peatlands, and by leaving one-third of the acrotelm to regenerate. The largest upland peat swamp in mainland Australia, Wingecarribee Swamp, suffered a major collapse in 1998 following peat mining. Environmental and management consequences of this collapse have major ramifications for rehabilitation options. Sphagnum peatlands in Australasia are likely to be adversely affected by drainage...