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‣ A bicicleta no planejamento urbano. Situação e perspectiva da inserção da bicicleta no planejamento de mobilidade em São Paulo e no Brasil; The bicycle in urban planning. Situation and outlook on the bicycle integration in mobility planning in São Paulo and Brazil

Silva, Ricardo Corrêa da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/05/2014 Português
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O objetivo desta dissertação é traçar a situação e a perspectiva da inserção da bicicleta no planejamento de mobilidade em São Paulo e no Brasil. Para tal, estudou-se o processo de formação da cidade e dos elementos de mobilidade urbana na cidade capitalista. Também buscou-se identificar o processo histórico de reprodução da sociedade brasileira, a acumulação entravada. Foram estudados os modelos de implantação de políticas nacionais e os motivos que tornaram alguns países referência em modelo de planejamento cicloviário. Identificou-se o impacto do Protocolo de Quioto na política pró-bicicleta, apresentando elementos do maior impacto mundial, as bicicletas púbicas, ou compartilhamento de bicicletas. Simultaneamente, foi estudada e analisada a produção de uma consultoria, por mim fundada, especializada em planos e projetos cicloviários, com elaboração de projetos em todas as regiões do Brasil. Apresenta-se também a metodologia de planejamento cicloviário que se faz cada vez mais necessária e fomentada pela nova Política Nacional de Mobilidade Urbana, lei que será aplicada a partir de 2015. Por fim, é apresentado um metaprojeto na Avenida Paulista, que demonstra diferentes soluções devido a possibilidades com diversos cenários...

‣ Avaliação dos sistemas cicloviários de três cidades do interior do estado de São Paulo; Evaluation of cycling systems in three cities in the state of São Paulo

Velázquez, Fernando Luis
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/05/2014 Português
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Neste trabalho são investigadas as razões da maior utilização do sistema cicloviário na cidade de Rio Claro em relação à Araraquara e São Carlos, e descobrir os principais motivos da baixa demanda de usuários nas ciclovias e ciclofaixas das cidades de Araraquara e São Carlos. Esse objetivo visa compreender também o porquê da utilização ou não do espaço destinado ao tráfego de bicicletas. Tal objetivo auxilia na obtenção de informações que possam ajudar no planejamento e no projeto da implantação de ciclovias e ciclofaixas nas cidades brasileiras. Também é realizada uma avaliação individual dos segmentos cicloviários (ciclovias e ciclofaixas) existentes nas três cidades objeto do estudo e uma avaliação geral do sistema cicloviário das mesmas, mediante, sobretudo, a comparação de dados quantitativos. O uso muito maior do modal bicicleta em Rio Claro deve-se aos seguintes principais fatores: preponderância de vias com baixa declividade na maior parte da área urbana, qualidade insatisfatória do transporte coletivo nas últimas décadas, renda média inferior da população e maior influência da cultura europeia (alemã e italiana) na colonização da cidade- países que têm grande tradição no uso da bicicleta. Os principais fatores inibidores do uso do modal bicicleta em São Carlos são: topografia acidentada (em grande parte da área urbana as vias tem rampas acentuadas)...

‣ Medição e avaliação da exposição humana à vibração transmitida ao sistema mão-braço durante a atividade ciclística; Measurement and evaluation of human exposure to hand-arm vibration in cycling activity 2010

Savionek, Daniel
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Este trabalho apresenta um estudo de medição e avaliação da exposição humana à vibração transmitida ao sistema mão-braço durante a atividade ciclística. Medições de vibração são realizadas para três diferentes tipos de pavimento, asfalto (AS), placas moldadas “in loco” de concreto (PC) e blocos intertravados de concreto (BI), utilizando-se dois modelos de bicicleta, speed (S) e mountain bike (MB), e ciclistas com diferentes características físicas. Segundo uma análise objetiva, para cada configuração – tipo de pavimento x modelo de bicicleta x ciclista –, avalia-se a exposição diária à vibração A(8), como definido pela norma ISO 5349- 1, para uma duração diária de exposição à vibração de 2 h, e também avalia-se os tempos máximos de exposição diária à vibração, para que os limites de exposição definidos pela Diretiva 2002/44/EC sejam atingidos. Segundo uma análise subjetiva, avalia-se o grau de conforto oferecido por cada tipo de pavimento quanto à exposição à vibração, de acordo com a opinião dos ciclistas. Ao final, os resultados são comparados e verifica-se, tanto pela análise objetiva quanto pela subjetiva, que o tipo de pavimento mais adequado para a atividade ciclística é o asfalto (AS)...

‣ Proposta de plano estratégico para o desenvolvimento da mobilidade ciclável no Concelho de Braga

Boas, Filipe Manuel da Silva Vilas
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2015 Português
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Dissertação de mestrado integrado em Arquitectura (área de especialização em Cidade e Território); O Plano Estratégico para o Desenvolvimento da Mobilidade Ciclável no Concelho de Braga tem como premissas a educação versus a imposição e a coexistência versus a segregação. Não pressupõe intervenções como: supressão de vias; supressão de estacionamentos para automóveis; alteração do sistema de trânsito atual no âmbito do sentido das vias ou limites de velocidade. É de rápida implementação e de custos reduzidos. Este plano é formalmente composto por duas zonas delimitadas no centro urbano e por ciclovias radiais a estas até ao limite do concelho para assim criar ligações supraconcelhias numa perspetiva de rede nacional e mesmo internacional. A zona abrangente do centro urbano foi estabelecida a partir de um perímetro de 2 km de raio e é também fundamentada pela facilidade estratégica de localização da sinalética de zona (as distâncias da extremidade deste perímetro ao centro da cidade correspondem a cerca de 3 km devido à sinuosidade dos percursos). Nesta zona serão utilizados Novos Elementos de Acalmia de Tráfego (“zona NEAT”). Estes novos elementos facilitam a circulação de velocípedes acalmando simultaneamente o tráfego automóvel. Estes serão compostos por materiais leves de essência artística e ou cultural...

‣ Measurement and evaluation of human exposure to vibration transmitted to hand-arm system during leisure cyclist activity

Gomes,Herbert Martins; Savionek,Daniel
Fonte: SBEB - Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: SBEB - Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
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INTRODUCTION: The cycling activity has increased in recent years, either as a means of leisure or physical activity or as means of transport. Discomfort is one of the main complaints for cyclists, especially when related to the type o pavement they use while riding. This work presents a study of measurement and evaluation of human exposure to hand-arm vibration in the leisure cyclist activity in different pavements in order to classify according to vibration discomfort and to vibration injury risk. METHODS: Vibration measurements are performed for three pavement types, asphalt (AS), precast concrete slab (PC), and interlocking concrete blocks (BI), using two bicycle models (time trial speed racing bike, S and mountain bike, MB), and cyclists with different physical characteristics. It is performed a quantitative analysis of each configuration - pavement type × bike model × cyclist - where the daily vibration exposure A(8) is evaluated, as defined in ISO 5349-1 Standard, for 2h daily exposure. It is also evaluated the maximum daily exposure in order to reach limit values, as defined by Directive 2002/44/EC. RESULTS: Based on a subjective analysis (survey), it is evaluated the comfort degree for vibration exposure for each tested pavement...

‣ Bicycle Guidelines and Crash Rates on Cycle Tracks in the United States

Lusk, Anne C.; Morency, Patrick; Miranda-Moreno, Luis F.; Willett, Walter C.; Dennerlein, Jack T.
Fonte: American Public Health Association Publicador: American Public Health Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Objectives. We studied state-adopted bicycle guidelines to determine whether cycle tracks (physically separated, bicycle-exclusive paths adjacent to sidewalks) were recommended, whether they were built, and their crash rate.

‣ Exploring Bikeability in a Suburban Metropolitan Area Using the Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES)

Wahlgren, Lina; Schantz, Peter
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background and Aim: Commuting by bicycle could contribute to public health, and route environments may influence this behaviour. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the potential associations between appraisals of the overall route environment as hindering or stimulating for bicycle commuting, with both perceptions of commuting route environmental factors in a suburban area and background factors. Methods: The Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES) was used for the assessment of bicycle commuters’ perceptions and appraisals of their route environments in the suburban parts of Greater Stockholm, Sweden. A simultaneous multiple regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between the outcome variable whether the overall route environment hinders or stimulates bicycle commuting and environmental factors (e.g., exhaust fumes, speeds of motor vehicles, greenery), as well as background factors (sex, age, education, income) as predictor variables. Results and Conclusions: The results indicate that in suburban areas, the factors aesthetics, greenery and bicycle paths seem to be, independently of each other, stimulating factors for bicycle commuting. On the other hand, flows of motor vehicles, noise, and low “directness” of the route seem to be hindering factors. A comparison of these results with those obtained from an inner urban area points to the importance of studying different types of built-up areas separately.

‣ Green Cities : Cities and Climate Change in Brazil

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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Urban sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Brazilian cities are growing. At the national level, the dominance of greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation in Brazil masks the fact that emissions from other sectors, like Energy, Transport and Waste, are growing quite rapidly in cities. Compared to other cities around the world, Brazilian cities have low per capita GHG emissions because of the high level of renewable energy production; but as Brazilian cities continue to grow, the pressure towards higher emissions will persist. The majority of emissions from Energy in Brazil result from the use of fossil fuels and electric power by industry. Industrial processes using fossil fuels will continue to be the largest contributor to emissions growth over the long-term, but electricity generation will produce the highest emissions increase in the period up to 2030. For the past three decades, the trend has been for industries to move away from city centers to peripheral locations that are cheaper and have easier access to distribution networks. However...

‣ Assessment of the Non-Motorized Transport Program : Kenya and Tanzania

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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Scott Wilson was appointed by the SSATP/World Bank to undertake a technical assessment of pilot projects implemented in Kenya and Tanzania under Phase II of the Non-Motorized Transport [NMT] Program between 1995 and 1999. This report is submitted in response to the requirements of the Terms of Reference for the assessment. It provides an overview of the various program activities and their strengths and weaknesses. An assessment is made of whether the pilot projects have contributed to achieving the long-term objectives of the (NMT) Program. The assessment of the pilot projects is based on a review of the literature that was made available to the assessment team, and interviews with key informants. An attempt has been made to seek independent views with minimal dependence on input from the NMT Consultants. However, most of the project reports were produced by the consultants, either directly or under close supervision. The Guidelines for Pedestrian and Bicycle Traffic in African Cities, which was written by the consultants and published by Delft University after the project had ended...

‣ Bus Rapid Transit Accessibility Guidelines

Rickert, Tom
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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In recent years helpful guides have appeared in both English and Spanish to assist planners and officials to construct accessible buildings and pedestrian infrastructure which are usable by seniors, persons with disabilities, and all others who especially benefit from universal design. Less has been written about access to public transport systems. Very little guidance is available concerning specific issues which confront those planning Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems, mass transit systems which incorporate a spectrum of design and operational features on integrated trunk and feeder routes and which were initiated in Latin America and are now spreading throughout the region and beyond. The guidelines focus on the BRT environment and assume that interested parties can take advantage of existing guidelines to clarify general issues of access to public space, buildings, and pedestrian infrastructure. The guidelines generally follow the travel path of a passenger using a full-featured Bus Rapid Transit system. The accessible travel chain begins with sidewalks and pedestrian crossings and continues into a typical mid-island station served by buses with left-side doors (in countries where traffic drives on the right side). Buses pull up to an enclosed station with a ramped platform the height of the bus floor. The guidelines then focus on station features...

‣ Pasarela peatonal y ciclable sobre la A-67 (Entre Raós y Nueva Montaña); Pedestrian and bicycle bridge across the A-67 Highway (Between Raos and Nueva Montaña)

Garmendia Purroy, Javier
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Português
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El plan de movilidad de Cantabria que planea unir mediante sendas ciclables la ciudad de Santander con las localidades de Cabárceno y Camargo plantea la problemática de conexión entre el tramo comprendido entre Raos y Nueva Montaña debido a la autovía A-67 y líneas de ferrocarril. El objeto de este Trabajo de Fin de Grado es la definición y cálculo del pas superior que dará solución al problema planteado así como el estudio en segundo plano de los otros aspectos que conforman el proyecto constructivo íntegro. La solución se presenta en forma paso superior de trazado curvo con un ancho de plataforma de 3m del que se distinguen tres tramos. El central corresponde la estructura metálica que salvará los impedimentos ya descritos; mientras que los otros dos, son los correspondientes a las rampas de acceso en terraplén que ascenderán hasta ganar altura y acoplarse con el tablero. De forma crítica han influido en el diseño del trazado las recomendaciones de diseño de vías ciclistas, la seguridad y los gálibos a respetar de las líneas de ferrocarril y autovía. Criterios fundamentales también han sido la viabilidad económica, la estética y la integración ambiental pero no de la misma forma que las anteriores. Las rampas norte y sur tienen inclinaciones máximas de 5.5% y unas longitudes de 100 y 150m respectivamente. La geometría en planta de estos tramos se ajusta a las condiciones del terreno y del tramo de estructura. A pesar de haberse contemplado otras alternativas como rampas metálicas...

‣ Good Practices in City Energy Efficiency : Bogota, Colombia - Bus Rapid Transit for Urban Transport

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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Bogota, the capital city of Colombia, is located near the geographic center of Colombia, 2,640 meters (8,661 ft) sea level. It is the largest and most populous city in the nation, with an estimated 8.2 million inhabitants in the metropolitan area in 2007 and a population density of 3,912 inhabitants per square kilometer. Its economy generates 25 percent of Colombia's total gross domestic product (GDP). The city's roads were highly congested with the significant growth in private car ownership and use. While private cars occupied 64 percent of the road space, they only represented 19 percent of the population, and the daily average commute time was 1 hour and 10 minutes each way. Other issues included high incidences of accidents and extremely high air pollution rates during peak travel hours. In 1999, after the new National Government rejected potential plans for a subway system, the Mayor of Bogota presented his plan for a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, built upon the successful experience of Curitiba in Brazil. The transition to an effective BRT system would help realize the Mayor's four main goals by: (i) improving public transport system with respect to efficiency...

‣ Urban Design Manual for Non-Motorized Transport-Friendly Neighborhoods

Fang, Ke
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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China is already the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases, and transport is the fastest-growing source of these emissions. The international energy agency estimates that carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from China's light-duty transport fleet will rise from 65 mega tones (MT) in 2005 to nearly 300 MT in 2020, an increase of 290 percent. In addition to contributing to global climate change, the rapid adoption of motor vehicles in China is also causing growing urban congestion and air pollution. Indeed, national level policy makers have begun to shift directions towards promoting public transport and providing safe environments for walking and cycling as way to improve urban accessibility and address local, national, and global environmental concerns. Yet, despite this shift at the national level, many municipalities lack the tools, knowledge, and resources to effectively address these issues. This publication aims to bridge that knowledge gap by providing a guide on how to improve non-motorized transport (NMT)...

‣ The story of a public space project : La Red de Alamedas de Bogotá; Red de Alamedas de Bogotá

Angel Samper, Marcela, 1958-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 114 leaves; 16367259 bytes; 16366830 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
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La Red de Alamedas de Bogota is a new type of public space project consisting in a network of tree lined pedestrian streets with bicycle paths. Alamedas connect parks and natural systems as well as residential areas and urban facilities. In general, .£!,Iamedas have been proposed for the periphery of the city where there is a lack of public space. La red de Alamedas was developed during the administration of Enrique Perialosa, Bogota City Mayorfrom 1998 to 2000; improvement of the quantity and quality of public space was one of Penalosa's government plan priorities. Moreover, a new general plan for the city, Plan de Ordenamiento Territorial, POT was developed during those years. Thus, alamedas became public space projects in more comprehensive interventions in the city. Alamedas proceed from a range of concerns in the construction of the city such as the development of public space projects to overcome the difficulties of general plans when dealing with particular problems and specific areas, and as a way to improve the quality of life in the city. Besides, alamedas can be considered a reinterpretation of promenades and paseos, an urban type which has been present in the city since colonial times. Alamedas have been proposed as a new public space which is superimposed to the existing urban structure in certain areas in order to reorganize the urban structure and at the same time as a new way of building the city that is...

‣ Polygonal Bicycle Paths and the Darboux Transformation

Alevy, I.; Tsukerman, E.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 27/08/2013 Português
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A Bicycle $(n,k)$-gon is an equilateral $n$-gon whose $k$ diagonals are of equal length. In this paper we consider periodic bicycle $(n,k)$-paths, which are a natural variation in which the polygon is replaced with a periodic polygonal path.

‣ Characterizing the speed and paths of shared bicycles in Lyon

Jensen, Pablo; Rouquier, Jean-Baptiste; Ovtracht, Nicolas; Robardet, Céline
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/11/2010 Português
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Thanks to numerical data gathered by Lyon's shared bicycling system V\'elo'v, we are able to analyze 11.6 millions bicycle trips, leading to the first robust characterization of urban bikers' behaviors. We show that bicycles outstrip cars in downtown Lyon, by combining high speed and short paths.These data also allows us to calculate V\'elo'v fluxes on all streets, pointing to interesting locations for bike paths.

‣ Sidewalks and Shared-Use Paths: Safety, Security, and Maintenance

O'Donnell, Edward; Knab, Andrew; Athey, Lorene
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Outros
Português
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Part I of this report examines the issue of security by analyzing common security incidents on trail or sidewalk facilities, problems with perceptions of security among users and the public, and vandalism-related facilities. As two interviewees noted, there is no way to ensure total security on trail facilities, but governments and agencies can enhance security (Bustos; G. Smith). Secure facilities are those that reduce the risk of security incidents and the fear of potential incidents through educational efforts directed at users, design, and management policies that increase the number of users on the facility and provide adequate visibility. The issue of safety is explored through several different viewpoints in this report. Safe sidewalks and shared-use paths are designed and managed to reduce the risk of injury to pedestrians and other users of the facility. This means safe facilities are constructed and maintained to provide a safe environment for all ages and skill levels. Part II of this report, the safety section, examines common problems plaguing the current sidewalk and shared-use path system: facilities that are not compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and are difficult for older and disabled individuals to travel on; design flaws or policies (or lack thereof) that increase the chances of user conflicts (i.e....

‣ Modeling the effects of removing motorized vehicle lanes to create space for bicycle facilities: a case study of MLK Drive, Philadelphia, PA

Booz, Trevor
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Lee, Earl E.; Nationally, the last decade has seen sharp increases in bicycle ridership. Streets in our cities are trying to provide safe paths for cyclists, while continuing to accommodate motor vehicles. Bicycle networks are being expanded to roadways that currently do not have facilities with a goal of connecting areas that experience high levels of ridership. Transportation agencies constantly face the challenges of accommodating all system users, bicyclists, pedestrians, transit, freight, personal vehicles, etc, with limited and sometimes, shrinking financial resources. So often the question of "what is the safest facility that could be provided to cyclists, which minimizes the impact to private autos at the lowest cost" arises. The research presented in this thesis provides a methodology that can be used by transportation agencies when considering the feasibility of placing bicycle facilities on high volume arterial roadways. A case study based on Martin Luther King Drive in Philadelphia, PA is presented which includes a comparison of several alternative scenarios based upon the results of a microscopic traffic simulation. The challenge was to provide the safest and cheapest option to accommodate all system users. The methodology utilized could be applied to any urban center facing the challenges of accommodating ever increasing numbers of cyclists.; University of Delaware...

‣ Sidewalks and Shared-Use Paths: Safety, Security, and Maintenance

O'Donnell, Edward; Knab, Andrew
Fonte: Universidade de Delaware Publicador: Universidade de Delaware
Tipo: Outros
Português
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This project was undertaken with the support of the Delaware Department of Transportation, to analyze the safety, security, and maintenance of multi-modal facilities—both on- and off-road. Specific attention was directed toward accessibility issues and snow removal. In order to adequately examine these issues, the project proceeded in three stages. First, an extensive literature review was conducted. Second, 13 experts and professionals were identified and interviewed on these topics from a total of eight states across the country. Following the completion of the literature reviews and interviews, a policy forum was held on March 21, 2007, on the University of Delaware’s campus at Clayton Hall. Approximately 60 invitees attended, including state and local police, city managers, and agency staff responsible for sidewalks and shared-use paths throughout the state. Three breakout sessions on safety, security, and maintenance were utilized to provide the project team with an “events on the ground” perspective and identify solutions. This report provides a synopsis of the key findings and recommendations from the literature review, interviews, and policy forum.; funded by the Delaware Department of Transportation

‣ Project Report for Property Value/Desirability Effects of Bike Paths Adjacent to Residential Areas

Racca, David P.; Dhanju, Amardeep
Fonte: Center for Applied Demography & Survey Research Publicador: Center for Applied Demography & Survey Research
Tipo: Relatório
Português
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In response to the growing number of applications for the development of age restricted communities DOT and DCT sponsored this study to examine trip generation characteristics and traffic impacts.