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‣ Efeito do grau de liberdade na escolha da resposta no processo adaptativo em aprendizagem motora; Effect of the degree of freedom in response choice on adaptive process in motor learning

Bastos, Flavio Henrique
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/01/2007 Português
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Evidências na literatura apontam que com a prática de habilidades motoras com alta demanda cognitiva é adquirida uma representação mental. No entanto, freqüentemente observa-se que indivíduos com desempenho semelhante em uma mesma habilidade possuem distinta capacidade de adaptação, ou seja, apresentam desempenhos diferentes na execução da mesma habilidade em uma outra condição. A questão central deste estudo tem origem nesse aparente paradoxo: estruturas de representação mental de mesma natureza proverem capacidade de adaptação distinta. Há evidências na literatura de que o grau de liberdade de escolha do aprendiz pode afetar o processo de aquisição de habilidades motoras, sendo que um grau ótimo dessa liberdade proporcionaria a formação de uma representação mental que favorece a capacidade de adaptação. Assim, o objetivo do estudo foi investigar o efeito do grau de liberdade na escolha da resposta no processo adaptativo em aprendizagem motora. Foram realizados três experimentos, nos quais indivíduos que adquiriram uma representação mental, em três condições distintas de liberdade de escolha, foram testados em sua capacidade de adaptação a modificações da tarefa: perceptiva (EXPERIMENTO 1), efetora (EXPERIMENTO 2) e perceptivo-efetora (EXPERIMENTO 3). Participaram do estudo 139 voluntários com média de idade de 21 anos. Foi utilizada uma tarefa complexa de timing coincidente. Os resultados permitiram concluir que um alto grau de liberdade na escolha da resposta...

‣ Por que os adolecentes comem o que comem? Determinantes do consumo alimentar; Why adolescents eat what they eat? Determinants of food choice

Estima, Camilla de Chermont Próchnik
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/04/2012 Português
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Introdução: Muitos são os estudos que avaliam o consumo alimentar na adolescência entretanto não se sabe quais fatores motivam esses jovens a se alimentarem de forma inadequada. Objetivo: Avaliar, de forma quantitativa e qualitativa, os fatores determinantes do consumo alimentar de adolescentes de escolas técnicas em São Paulo. Métodos: O presente estudo é parte de uma pesquisa matriz, que avaliou 1167 jovens de ambos os gêneros. Os fatores determinantes do consumo alimentar foram avaliados em duas etapas. Na primeira etapa quantitativa foram utilizados dois instrumentos que foram desenvolvidos para a pesquisa matriz, o primeiro um questionário de avaliar atitudes alimentares de adolescentes e o segundo avaliou o consumo alimentar através de um questionário de frequência alimentar baseado na pirâmide dos alimentos. O primeiro instrumento apresenta uma questão onde 15 fatores determinantes do consumo alimentar são apresentados e cada adolescente deveria escolher os 3 mais importantes. O peso e a estatura de todos os indivíduos foi mensurado e posteriormente o Índice de Massa Corporal foi calculado afim de classificar os adolescentes quanto à adequação de seu estado nutricional segundo os critérios da Organização Mundial da Saúde. A avaliação qualitativa foi realizada com uma subamostra do projeto matriz (n=45) e contou com a realização de grupos focais. Os 15 fatores determinantes do consumo foram agrupados em 3 grupos a partir da realização da análise de cluster e esses grupos foram comparados com relação ao gênero...

‣ Um estudo sobre as motivações inconscientes presentes na escolha profissional do estudante de psicologia; A study on the existing unconscious motivations in the professional choice of psychology undergraduate students.

Abreu Filho, Antonio Geraldo de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/04/2005 Português
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Este trabalho tem por objetivo verificar as motivações inconscientes presentes na escolha da profissão de psicólogo dos alunos do primeiro e segundo anos de Psicologia, procurando compreender a relação entre conteúdos latente, inconsciente, e manifesto, consciente, desta escolha, com base nos pressupostos da teoria de Melanie Klein. Realizamos esta pesquisa utilizando dois instrumentos de investigação: a Prancha 1 do TAT, tendo por objetivo entender os conteúdos das respostas a nível inconsciente, através do mecanismo de projeção, e a utilização da Entrevista Semidirigida, objetivando que o aluno pudesse agir de modo mais natural, nos propiciando a observação de sua postura, reações e compreender os conteúdos das respostas a nível consciente. Constatamos que os alunos tiveram percepções variadas com relação ao estímulo da Prancha 1 do TAT e várias foram as combinações das reparações apresentadas a níveis inconsciente e consciente. Baseado nas reparações sugeridas por Bohoslavsky, inserimos dois outros tipos de reparação: autêntica/maníaca e maníaca/autêntica, mediante constatação clínica, devido a dinâmica do funcionamento mental apresentada, onde nos detivemos para isso aos |a elementos citados nas estórias...

‣ Multiple choice question quiz: a valid test for needs assessment in CME in rheumatology and for self assessment

Aeschlimann, A; Westkaemper, R; Doherty, M; Woolf, A
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2001 Português
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Drawing from experience in Switzerland, a test of 60 multiple choice questions covering the entire area of rheumatology was constructed and used at the international symposium of rheumatology, EULAR, Geneva 1998. It was introduced as a multiple choice question game, the language was English, and the level of acceptance was very high. Language posed only occasional problems. The reliability of the test for internal consistency was high (Cronbach α 0.852). One of the main target groups, the private practitioners, was the largest group of rheumatologists (nearly 50%). Evaluative statements of the participants indicate that it was a highly relevant test for rheumatology. This test is a valuable way for needs assessment in continuing medical education and for self assessment. Importantly, it has been shown that such a test can be conducted at an international level.



‣ Self-Selective Social Choice Functions

SLINKO, Arkadii; KORAY, Semih
Fonte: Université de Montréal, Département de sciences économiques Publicador: Université de Montréal, Département de sciences économiques
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 253201 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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It is not uncommon that a society facing a choice problem has also to choose the choice rule itself. In such situation voters’ preferences on alternatives induce preferences over the voting rules. Such a setting immediately gives rise to a natural question concerning consistency between these two levels of choice. If a choice rule employed to resolve the society’s original choice problem does not choose itself when it is also used in choosing the choice rule, then this phenomenon can be regarded as inconsistency of this choice rule as it rejects itself according to its own rationale. Koray (2000) proved that the only neutral, unanimous universally self-selective social choice functions are the dictatorial ones. Here we in troduce to our society a constitution, which rules out inefficient social choice rules. When inefficient social choice rules become unavailable for comparison, the property of self-selectivity becomes weaker and we show that some non-trivial self-selective social choice functions do exist. Under certain assumptions on the constitution we describe all of them.

‣ Resource, Strategies, Location Determinants, And Host Country Location Choice By Emerging Market Firms

Jain, Naveen K
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The extant literature had studied the determinants of the firms’ location decisions with help of host country characteristics and distances between home and host countries. Firm resources and its internationalization strategies had found limited attention in this literature. To address this gap, the research question in this dissertation was whether and how firms’ resources and internationalization strategies impacted the international location decisions of emerging market firms. To explore the research question, data were hand-collected from Indian software firms on their location decisions taken between April 2000 and March 2009. To analyze the multi-level longitudinal dataset, hierarchical linear modeling was used. The results showed that the internationalization strategies, namely market-seeking or labor-seeking had direct impact on firms’ location decision. This direct relationship was moderated by firm resource which, in case of Indian software firms, was the appraisal at CMMI level-5. Indian software firms located in developed countries with a market-seeking strategy and in emerging markets with a labor-seeking strategy. However, software firms with resource such as CMMI level-5 appraisal, when in a labor-seeking mode...

‣ Jewish socialists in Galicia and Marxist debates over the national question before World War I

Kuhn, Rick
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Conference paper Formato: 328136 bytes; 384 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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The policies of the Polish Social Democratic Party were an obstacle to social democrats who sought to organise the Jewish working class in Galicia during the first decade of the 20th Century. Over a period they developed an organisational and programmatic perspective for mobilising Jewish workers. There were several competing Marxist analyses of the national and Jewish question in eastern Europe at the time. Apart from the Polish Social Democratic Partys approach, the General Austrian Party, the Polish social democrats of Congress Poland, the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party as well as the Bund had distinctive positions on these questions. The Jewish militants in Galicia eventually adopted a Bundist orientation. Political circumstances in Galicia, the success of the Bundist model in Russia and, initially at least, the hope that it could be reconciled with continuing membership of the Austrian Party were important factors in this choice.; The proceedings from this conference were never published.; no

‣ Teaching, Learning and Assessing Using Participatory Multiple Choice Tests

Cao, B.
Fonte: The University of Adelaide Publicador: The University of Adelaide
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2010 Português
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This presentation explains and evaluates an innovative pedagogical strategy: the involvement of students in the formulation of multiple choice tests. The strategy is flexible enough to enable the use of different formats of multiple choice tests (i.e. conventional tests, confidence assessment, assertion-reason tests, liberal tests, and so on). This presentation will not discuss what test format is more effective—something examined in detail by other authors—but will explain the overall rationale behind the selection of questions for the test in this particular course. The strategy was devised for an international politics course, but can be adapted to other courses. The students were required to write and submit a multiple choice question for each weekly topic. Every week, the ten best questions (without the answers) were listed online, so that the students could research the answers in their own time –something they often did in study groups. Forty of the one-hundred questions listed online throughout the course were included in the final fifty question test. The process enabled the students to have a direct and creative input in the formulation of the test, encouraging student engagement in the course and with the material. It also enabled them to concentrate their preparation for the test on the questions chosen by the course coordinator. The instructions given to the students and the selection of questions were informed by the double aim of consolidating essential knowledge and encouraging the application of concepts and theories to the real world. The evaluation of the strategy reveals that students found the activity useful in terms of helping them ‘better understand the content of the course’...

‣ Dedicated teaching block for undergraduate geriatric medicine improves knowledge

Visvanathan, R.; Silakong, T.; Yu, S.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Asia Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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Aim:  This paper describes the performance of 5th year medical students in multiple choice question (MCQ) examinations before and after a geriatric medicine teaching block. Methods:  A 30-question MCQ test was administered at the start and a 45-question one at the end of the course. Results:  There was a statistically significant improvement in the MCQ scores from a mean of 62% (SD 10.4) to 75.2% (SD 7.9) (P < 0.001). Total mean scores for the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Geriatrics Knowledge test improved from 65% (SD 10.4) to 73%(SD 11.7) (P < 0.001). Total mean scores for the American Geriatric Society (AGS) Geriatrics Review Syllabus MCQs improved from 59.3% (SD 17.0) to 78.1% (SD 12.1) (P < 0.001). Post-course, students scored equally well in the new questions, the validated UCLA test and the AGS questions. Conclusion:  An undergraduate geriatric medicine clinical teaching block in senior clinical years can increase students' knowledge in geriatric medicine.; Renuka Visvanathan, Teena Silakong, Solomon Yu

‣ Developing multiple - choice questions in mathematics

Torres, Cristina Maria Dias Pereira; Lopes, Ana Paula Ferreira Fernandes; Azevedo, José Manuel Monteiro Lopes; Babo, Maria de Lurdes
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico do Porto Publicador: Instituto Politécnico do Porto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
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In this paper we wish to illustrate different perspectives used to create Multiple-Choice questions and we will show how we can improve these in the construction of math tests. As it is known, web technologies have a great influence on student’s behaviour. Based on an on-line project beginning at 2007 which has been contributing to help students on their individual work, we would like to share our experience and thoughts with colleagues who have a common concern when they have the task of constructing Multiple-Choice tests. We feel that Multiple-Choice tests play an important and a very useful supporting role in selfevaluation or self-examination of our students. Nonetheless, good Multiple–Choice Test Items are generally more complex and time-consuming to create than other types of tests. It requires a certain amount of skill. However, this skill maybe increases through study, practice and experience. This paper discusses a number of issues related to the use of Multiple-Choice questions, lists the advantages and disadvantages of this question format contrasting it with open questions. Some examples are given in this context.

‣ The Age Factor in L2 Acquisition : An empirical investigation into the choice of +/-- human relative pronouns by Spanish learners of English and the resetting of parameters

Escobar, Mª Ángeles
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2001 Português
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A positive approach to Second Language (L2) acquisition is to follow Chomsky's (1981) Principles and Parameters theory. Following the latest approach of the Minimalist Program (Chomsky 1995), the question of whether language acquisition involves the acquisition of morphological features that define a particular language is discussed. We would also like to examine age-related effects (Birdsong 2000) and L2 development in the acquisition of one particular linguistic phenomenon, relative clauses. We will discuss the results of an experiment based on a multiple-choice-question questionnaire. In order to look for evidence of age factors, we tested two groups of adult learners at different stages of their L2 acquisition. Group A were at the intermediate stage represented by university students learning English as a second language at a Catalan university (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona). Group B were at the advanced level, represented by students enrolled in a private business school in Barcelona (ESERP).; El factor edat en l'adquisició d'una segona llengua de les oracions de relatiu: Estudi empíric de l'adquisició del pronom relatiu amb tret [+/- humà] per a aprenents castellano-parlants de l'anglès ment el programa minimista (Chomsky...

‣ Reconstructing the question of school choice: towards a geographical agent-based model for Chile

Blanco, Christian; Paulus, Nelson; Razeto-Barry, Pablo; Fábrega, Felipe; Canals, Catalina; Aguirre, Cristián; Vivanco, Manuel
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 Português
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The aim of this paper is to reformulate the question of school choice in a voucher system, by moving towards a perspective, assessing competition between schools and the choice of students using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Agent-Based Modeling (ABM). How spatial structure affects competition among schools? How do socio-geographic structuration and social interaction affect this process? We show a preview of the proposed model and main social mechanisms of school choice: Quality, Distance, Cost, Expectations, Homophily and Mimesis for students and their families, and Selection, Supply and Local Competition for schools.

‣ Aprendizagem de desaprender: Machado de Assis e a pedagogia da escolha; Learning to unlearn: Machado de Assis and the pedagogy of choice

Almeida, Rogério de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Educação
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2013 Português
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This study results from research on the tragic imaginary of the works of Machado de Assis and its relation with the dimensions of choice in education, considered from a philosophical perspective. The question asked relates to the educational deployment of Machado's thought, which presupposes unlearning in order to reach the choice of approval of existence - a route taken by his characters since the stage of his work consensually regarded as mature, inaugurated by the publication of Memórias póstumas de Brás Cubas (Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas). My aim is to understand the tragic imaginary expressed by the notions of nothing, chance and convention, as well as by the conditions for choosing to approve. The methodological path appropriated phenomenology and hermeneutics in the analysis of Machado's work and, as a result, pointed to an education whose philosophical foundations are the possible choice between the unconditional approval of existence and conditioned approval. In the case of the Machadian option, approval is manifested by the relativization of the references of meaning, by the questioning of belief, by adhesion to circumstances, by recognition of the spectacle, the strength of opinions and social conventions, and by affirming the ephemeral character of life...

‣ Research Question, Study Design and Continuous Research Education and Training Exercises (CREATE) Program

BURT, T; Sharma, P; Mittal, S
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 35 - 43 (9)
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
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The clinical research project starts with identifying the optimal research question, one that is ethical, impactful, feasible, scientifically sound, novel, relevant, and interesting. The project continues with the design of the study to answer the research question. Such design should be consistent with ethical and methodological principles, and make optimal use of resources in order to have the best chances of identifying a meaningful answer to the research question. Physicians and other healthcare providers are optimally positioned to identify meaningful research questions the answer to which could make significant impact on healthcare delivery. The typical medical education curriculum, however, lacks solid training in clinical research. We propose CREATE (Continuous Research Education And Training Exercises) as a peer- and group-based, interactive, analytical, customized, and accrediting program with didactic, training, mentoring, administrative, and professional support to enhance clinical research knowledge and skills among healthcare professionals, promote the generation of original research projects, increase the chances of their successful completion and potential for meaningful impact. The key features of the program are successive intra- and inter-group discussions and confrontational thematic challenges among participating peers aimed at capitalizing on the groups’ collective knowledge...

‣ Do Latinos Party All the Time? The Role of Shared Ethnic Group Identity on Political Choice

DeFrancesco Soto, Victoria Maria
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 772384 bytes; application/pdf
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The overarching question of this dissertation is do Latinos prefer co-ethnic candidates and if so, to what degree? I examine how Latinos evaluate co-ethnic candidates—both those who share one’s partisanship and who do not. In addressing the former, is the evaluation higher of a candidate who not only shares one’s partisanship but also ethnicity or is the double in-group status redundant? I then address a more complex question, how do Latinos evaluate Latino candidates who do not share their partisan identity. The dilemma of having contradictory social group identities places a voter at an electoral fork in the road. To understand which road the voter ultimately takes I consider individual ethnic social group identification and the substantive meanings of ethnic group categories. I look at how different dimensions of Latino group identity influence the ultimate evaluation of a coethnic candidate. More specifically, I consider how and when a Latino social group identity influences political choice. I begin addressing the questions of when and how a Latino ethnic group identity can influence a political choice through an analysis of extant survey data. I also make use of original survey experiments that allow me to determine if there is a causal relationship and to probe the dimensions of Latino group identity. The results indicate that there is an in-group candidate preference. In some instances...

‣ How is female mate choice affected by male competition?

Wong, Bob; Candolin, Ulrika
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The plethora of studies devoted to the topics of male competition and female mate choice belie the fact that their interaction remains poorly understood. Indeed, on the question of whether competition should help or hinder the choice process, opinions scattered throughout the sexual selection literature seem unnecessarily polarised. We argue, in the light of recent theoretical and empirical advances, that the effect of competition on mate choice depends on whether it results in the choosy sex attaining high breeding value for total fitness, considering both direct and indirect fitness benefits. Specifically, trade-offs may occur between different fitness benefits if some are correlated with male competitive ability whilst others are not. Moreover, the costs and benefits of mating with competitive males may vary in time and/or space. These considerations highlight the importance of injecting a life-history perspective into sexual selection studies. Within this context, we turn to the sexual selection literature to try to offer insights into the circumstances when competition might be expected to have positive or negative implications for pre-copulatory female choice. In this regard, we elaborate on three stages where competition might impact upon the choice process: (i) during mate detection...

‣ The evolution of prudent choice

Hardling, Roger; Kokko, Hanna
Fonte: Evolutionary Ecology Ltd Publicador: Evolutionary Ecology Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Question: What mate choice strategies are evolutionarily stable when individuals vary in quality and there is competition over mates? Mathematical method: We analyse a life-history-based game theoretical model of a mating system. The evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS) may be random mating, or any kind of assortative mating dependent on the numerical values of a set of probabilities. We solve for the evolutionarily stable probability values. Key assumptions: Males of high or poor competitive ability pair with highly or poorly fecund females, and can also attempt to take over a female if she has already paired. Only one sex plays an active role in mate choice. Conclusions: We show that increased opportunities for a successful takeover favours the evolution of 'prudent' mate choice, where low-quality males reject high-quality females, and high-quality males reject low-quality females. This solution may also evolve because of high fighting costs. Alternative parameter settings lead to solutions where only one class of males discriminates between females, or when all males mate indiscriminately. We calculate the correlation between male and female quality in pairs, and show that this correlation may be positive, zero or even negative...

‣ A Test of Policy Labels in Environmental Choice Modelling Studies

Blamey, Russell; Bennett, Jeff W; Louviere, Jordan; Morrison, Mark; Rolfe, John
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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A question that arises in the application of environmental choice modelling (CM) studies is whether to present the choice sets in a generic or labelled form. The former involves labelling the policy options to be presented to respondents in a generic way, for example, as 'option A', 'option B', etc. The labelled approach assigns alternative-specific descriptors to each option. These may relate to the names of proposed policies, different locations or any other policy-relevant details. Both approaches have their advantages. A potential advantage of using alternative-specific labels is that respondents may be better able to base their choices on the true policy context. This can increase predictive validity whilst at the same time reducing the cognitive burden of the CM exercise. A potential advantage of the generic labelling approach is that respondents may be less inclined to base their choices wholly or largely on the labels, and as a consequence, may provide better information regarding trade-offs among attributes. The two approaches to choice set design are compared in the context of a CM study of the values of remnant vegetation in the Desert Uplands of Central Queensland. Results indicate a difference in the cognitive processes generated by choice models using the different approaches. This difference is reflected in both the alternative-specific constants and the taste parameters...

‣ .; Re-orientação profissional, orientação e o processo de escolha: notas sobre experiências vividas

Krawulski, Edite; Professional reorientation, orientation and the process of choice: notes of lived experiences; C. B. Siqueira, Marcia; Professora Assistente do Departamento de Psicologia da UFSC e Coordenadora do LIOP — Laboratório de Informação e
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2000 Português
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This paper presents a reflection on the vocational reorientating work done by the Laboratory for Information and Vocational Guidance from the Federal University of Santa Catarina. The attendance of youth and adults groups who face the challenge of professional choice has led us to question the peculi- arities of each type of attendance. We are going to describe the similarities and differences between the groups composed by youth which seek profes- sional guidance with regard to their fi rst choice and groups which look for professional reorientation and are mainly made up by young and adults who are changing their ocupation or attempting to reaffirm their first choice. At the end, we present a brief report on a practical experience with groups of profes- sional reorientation.; Este artigo apresenta uma reflexão sobre o trabalho de re-orientação profissional realizado junto ao LIOP — Laboratório de Informação e Orientação Profissional da UFSC. 0 trabalho em atendimento grupalcom jovens e adultos em processo de escolha profissional nos levou aquestionar sobre as peculiaridades de cada tipo de atendimento. Descre- vemos, ainda, neste trabalho as semelhanças e diferengas entre os grupos de orientação profissional, freqüentados por jovens que estão em busca de sua primeira escolha...

‣ Effect of the number of options on the quality of est reading comprehension multiple-choice exams

Berríos,Gilberto; Rojas,Carlina; Cartaya,Noela; Casart,Yris
Fonte: Universidad Pedagogica Experimental Libertador Publicador: Universidad Pedagogica Experimental Libertador
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2005 Português
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This study aims at identifying how the quality of English for Science and Technology (EST) reading comprehension multiple-choice tests is affected by reducing the number of options in each item from 4 to 3. The literature proposes that 3-option multiple-choice tests have a similar quality to that of 4-option ones, demanding less effort and being more efficient. Items from 2 exams administered in 2001 at Universidad Simón Bolívar were modified. The new forms were administered in 2002. From a sample of about 25% of the population, descriptive statistics were obtained: mean difficulty, mean discrimination, and reliability coefficient. Results confirm the practicality of the 3-option format without affecting the quality of the test. We recommend the adoption of this format for the reading program in question. A subsequent decision will need to address either increasing number of items or decreasing administration time.