Página 1 dos resultados de 1431 itens digitais encontrados em 0.009 segundos

‣ CFTR Polymorphisms in Patients with Alcoholic Chronic Pancreatitis

COSTA, Marianges Zadrozny Gouvea da; GUARITA, Dulce Reis; ONO-NITA, Suzane Kioko; NOGUEIRA, Jeronimo de Alencar; NITA, Marcelo Eidi; PARANAGUA-VEZOZZO, Denise Cerqueira; SOUZA, Marcelo Tavares de; CARMO, Eliane Pereira do; TEIXEIRA, Ana Cristina de Sa; CA
Fonte: KARGER Publicador: KARGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.049434%
Introduction: Pancreas susceptibility to alcohol is variable and only 5-10% of chronic alcohol abusers develop chronic pancreatitis; the role of genetic factors in this process is unknown. The CFTR gene encodes a protein that acts on epithelial cells and plays a key role in normal exocrine pancreatic function. Methods: This study investigated the frequency of polymorphisms in intron 8 of the CFTR gene in patients with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. Three groups of patients were studied: group A-68 adult alcoholics with a diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis; group B-68 adult alcoholics without pancreatic disease or liver cirrhosis and group C-104 healthy nonalcoholic adults. Results: T5/T7 genotype was more frequent in group A (11.8%) than in group B (2.9%) (p = 0.0481), and there was no statistical difference when groups A and C (5.8%) were compared (p = 0.1317). The haplotype combination (TG) 10-T7/(TG) 11-T7 was more frequent in groups B (23.5%) and C (20.2%) than in group A (7.3%) (p = 0.0080 and 0.0162). Conclusion: There are differences when these three groups are compared and individuals with T5/T7 genotype might have a greater risk of developing chronic pancreatitis when they become chronic alcoholics. Copyright (C) 2008 S. Karger AG...

‣ Determinants of Accelerated Small Intestinal Transit in Alcohol-Related Chronic Pancreatitis

ROSA-E-SILVA, Lucilene; TRONCON, Luiz E. A.; GALLO JR., Lourenco; FOSS, Milton C.; PASSOS, Afonso D. C.; PERDONA, Gleici C.; ACHCAR, Jorge A.; OLIVEIRA, Ricardo B.
Fonte: SPRINGER; AMSTERDAM Publicador: SPRINGER; AMSTERDAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.925044%
Patients with chronic pancreatitis may have abnormal gastrointestinal transit, but the factors underlying these abnormalities are poorly understood. Gastrointestinal transit was assessed, in 40 male outpatients with alcohol-related chronic pancreatitis and 18 controls, by scintigraphy after a liquid meal labeled with (99m)technetium-phytate. Blood and urinary glucose, fecal fat excretion, nutritional status, and cardiovascular autonomic function were determined in all patients. The influence of diabetes mellitus, malabsorption, malnutrition, and autonomic neuropathy on abnormal gastrointestinal transit was assessed by univariate analysis and Bayesian multiple regression analysis. Accelerated gastrointestinal transit was found in 11 patients who showed abnormally rapid arrival of the meal marker to the cecum. Univariate and Bayesian analysis showed that diabetes mellitus and autonomic neuropathy had significant influences on rapid transit, which was not associated with either malabsorption or malnutrition. In conclusion, rapid gastrointestinal transit in patients with alcohol-related chronic pancreatitis is related to diabetes mellitus and autonomic neuropathy.; FAEPA/HCFMRPUSP; Fundação de Apoio ao Ensino, Pesquisa e Assistência do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo (FAEPA); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP); PRONEX/FINEP; FAPESP; Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)

‣ Vitamin E Alters Inflammatory Gene Expression in Alcoholic Chronic Pancreatitis

Monteiro, Thais Helena; Silva, Camila Siqueira; Cordeiro Simoes Ambrosio, Livia Maria; Zucoloto, Sergio; Vannucchi, Helio
Fonte: KARGER; BASEL Publicador: KARGER; BASEL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.986987%
Objective: To evaluate the effect of vitamin E supplementation on pancreatic gene expression of inflammatory markers in rats with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis. Methods: Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups: control (1), alcoholic chronic pancreatitis without (2) and with (3) vitamin E supplementation. Pancreatitis was induced by a liquid diet containing ethanol, cyclosporin A and cerulein. a-tocopherol content in plasma and liver and pancreas histopathology were analyzed. Gene expression of inflammatory biomarkers was analyzed by the quantitative real-time PCR technique. Results: The animals that received vitamin E supplementation had higher alpha-tocopherol amounts in plasma and liver. The pancreas in Group 1 showed normal histology, whereas in Groups 2 and 3, mild to moderate tissue destruction foci and mononuclear cell infiltration were detected. Real-time PCR analysis showed an increased expression of all genes in Groups 2 and 3 compared to Group 1. Vitamin E supplementation decreased the transcript number of 5 genes (alpha-SMA, COX-2, IL-6, MIP-3 alpha and TNF-alpha) and increased the transcript number of 1 gene (Pap). Conclusion: Vitamin E supplementation had anti-inflammatory and beneficial effects on the pancreatic gene expression of some inflammatory biomarkers in rats with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis...

‣ Freqüência de polimorfismos do gene CFTR em pacientes portadores de pancreatite crônica alcoólica; Polymorphisms in patients with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis

Costa, Marianges Zadrozny Gouvêa da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/03/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.17088%
A dependência de álcool acomete de 10 a 12% da população mundial, estando a associação entre uso abusivo do álcool e pancreatite crônica bem estabelecida. A suscetibilidade pancreática ao álcool é variável e apenas 5 a 10% dos etilistas crônicos desenvolvem pancreatite crônica, sendo o papel dos fatores genéticos neste processo praticamente desconhecido. O gene CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmenbrane conductance regulator) codifica proteína que funciona na membrana plasmática de células epiteliais e que tem papel chave na função pancreática exócrina normal, promovendo a regulação, da secreção de fluídos e bicarbonato, importantes para a diluição e a alcalinização do suco pancreático. Quando a função desta proteína é inadequada, observa-se obstrução de pequenos ductos por rolhas protéicas. Várias pesquisas buscam documentar a associação fibrose cística - pancreatite crônica, porém os resultados são conflitantes. Este trabalho pesquisou a freqüência de polimorfismos no trato de politiminas e poli TGs no intron 8 do gene CFTR em pacientes portadores de pancreatite crônica alcoólica. Foram estudados três grupos de pacientes: Grupo A - adultos alcoolistas com diagnóstico de pancreatite crônica; Grupo B - adultos alcoolistas sem pancreatopatia ou cirrose hepática e Grupo C - adultos sadios não alcoolistas. O DNA genômico para análise do gene CFTR foi extraído do sangue periférico...

‣ Expressão gênica de marcadores inflamatórios de pancreatite alcoólica crônica em ratos suplementados com vitamina E; Gene expression of inflammatory markers in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis in rats vitamin E supplemented.

Monteiro, Thaís Helena
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.224546%
O infiltrado inflamatório, a perda maciça de células acinares e a fibrose se destacam como alterações da pancreatite alcoólica crônica, o que é reflexo da expressão gênica. O -tocoferol regula a expressão de vários genes, entre eles moduladores de proteínas extracelulares e de inflamação. O presente trabalho teve como intuito avaliar o efeito da suplementação com vitamina E sobre a expressão gênica pancreática de marcadores inflamatórios, em ratos com pancreatite alcoólica crônica induzida por dieta líquida contendo etanol (com ou sem suplementação de -tocoferol), ciclosporina A e ceruleína, por meio da técnica quantitativa de PCR em tempo real. Além disso, foram realizadas determinações de -tocoferol plasmático e hepático, lipídeos totais hepáticos, e análise histopatológica do pâncreas e fígado dos animais submetidos aos diferentes tratamentos (Grupo 1: Controle; Grupo 2: Pancreatite alcoólica crônica; Grupo 3: Pancreatite alcoólica crônica e suplementação com vitamina E). Os animais que receberam suplementação com vitamina E apresentaram maiores valores de -tocoferol plasmático e hepático [(G1: 14,27 ± 1,5 umols/L plasma; 125,47 ± 18,5 nmols/g fígado; 5,1 ± 0,8 nmols/mg lipídeo hepático); (G2: 21...

‣ COMPARISON OF FECAL ELASTASE 1 FOR EXOCRINE PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY EVALUATION BETWEEN EX-ALCOHOLICS AND CHRONIC PANCREATITIS PATIENTS

MATTAR,Rejane; LIMA,Gustavo André Silva; COSTA,Marianges Zadrozny Gouvêa da; SILVA-ETTO,Joyce M Kinoshita; GUARITA,Dulce; CARRILHO,Flair José
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.1355%
Context Fecal elastase is a noninvasive test for pancreatic insufficiency diagnosis. Objectives Evaluate the usefulness of fecal elastase 1 for the indication of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency among former alcohol addicts and patients with chronic pancreatitis. Methods Forty-three patients with chronic pancreatitis and thirty-three asymptomatic former alcohol addicts entered the study. The levels of fecal elastase 1 were measured using a commercial kit. Pancreatic imaging findings were used to categorize the groups. Results The levels of fecal elastase 1 were significantly lower in the patients than in the former alcohol addicts and in the group with tissue calcifications, duct alterations, or atrophy. With a cutoff level of 100 μg/g, the sensitivity of fecal elastase 1 in chronic pancreatitis was 46.51% and its specificity was 87.88% with a positive predictive value of 83.33% and a negative predictive value of 55.77%. When patients were stratified according to the severity of their pancreatitis, the sensitivity was 6.25% for mild pancreatitis and 70.37% for marked pancreatitis. Conclusion Low level of fecal elastase 1 was associated with marked rather than mild chronic pancreatitis; however, it may be useful to indicate pancreatic exocrine insufficiency in asymptomatic former alcohol addicts.

‣ Polymorphism in alcohol-metabolizing enzymes, glutathione S-transferases and apolipoprotein E and susceptibility to alcohol-induced cirrhosis and chronic pancreatitis

Frenzer, A.; Butler, W.; Norton, I.; Wilson, J.; Apte, M.; Pirola, R.; Ryan, P.; Roberts-Thomson, I.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Asia Publicador: Blackwell Science Asia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.096265%
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Susceptibility to organ damage induced by alcohol may be due to inherited variation (polymorphism) in ethanol-metabolizing enzymes, or to polymorphisms affecting free radical or lipid metabolism mediated by enzymes such as glutathione S-transferases and apolipoprotein E. The aim was to compare the genotype frequencies of alcohol dehydrogenase-2 (ADH2), ADH3, aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2), cytochrome P450-2E1 (CYP2E1), glutathione S-transferase-M1 (GSTM1), GSTT1, and apolipoprotein E in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis and alcoholic chronic pancreatitis to those in control groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The case–control study was restricted to Caucasian adults: 57 with alcoholic cirrhosis, 71 with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis, 57 alcoholics without apparent organ damage and 200 healthy blood donors. Genotypes were determined by restriction fragment length polymorphism after amplification of genomic DNA by polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The genotype ADH3*2/*2 was more frequent in patients with cirrhosis (40%) than blood donors (12%; OR 4.92, 95% CI 2.36–10.31) and patients with chronic pancreatitis (8%; OR 7.33, 95% CI 2.54–23.78) but was not significantly different from alcoholic controls (23%; OR 2.27...

‣ Pancreatic stents in the management of chronic pancreatitis

Treacy, P.; Worthley, C.
Fonte: Blackwell Science Publicador: Blackwell Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.986987%
Background: Elevated pancreatic duct pressure is a potential source of pain in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Endoscopic pancreatic duct stenting is a minimally invasive way of reducing this pressure and may be a useful adjunct to surgery in these patients. Methods: We prospectively reviewed a series of nine symptomatic patients with obstructive chronic pancreatitis and relative contraindications to open surgery, who were managed by attempted endoscopic placement of a pancreatic stent. Results: Stents were successfully inserted endoscopically into the main or accessory duct in six patients and into a pseudocyst, transduodenally, in one patient. Of the two unsuccessful insertions, one proceeded to longitudinal pancreato-jejunostomy and in the other a stent was inserted at distal pancreatic cyst-jejunostomy. Median follow up was 21 months (range 14–43). In all eight cases with stent insertion there was rapid pain resolution, pain scores falling from 9/10 (8–10) to 2 (1–5) after 2 days (1–7). Associated symptoms of weight loss, nausea and vomiting settled in all eight cases. In one patient with a persistent pancreatic fistula, the fistula resolved. In the three with pseudocysts, the cysts resolved on computed tomography (CT) (one recurred). Five patients subsequently proceeded to stent removal after 6 months (5–23). In three of these...

‣ Surgical management of intractable pain in chronic pancreatitis: past and present

Morrison, C.; Wemyss-Holden, S.; Partensky, C.; Maddern, G.
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Tokyo Publicador: Springer-Verlag Tokyo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.925044%
The surgical management of pain in patients with chronic pancreatitis continues to provide a formidable challenge. Despite recent advances in the area of the pathophysiolgical cause of the symptoms of chronic pancreatitis there is still controversy as to the exact mechanisms that result in pain in both large and small duct disease. In addition, the surgical community has very polarized views as to the correct management of these patients. In this review we have set out to summarize the treatment options available and provide comparative data where available. Data were found following a computer search of the Medline database from 1966 to the present. The information extracted comprises mainly level two and level three data. There is a continuing lack of a “gold standard” in the surgical management of pancreatic pain. This is mainly due to the paucity of randomized controlled trials in the field of pancreatic surgery. With only four randomized controlled trials reported in the world literature it is difficult to state categorically what is the optimal treatment for this difficult group of patients. Until there is increased standardization in the reporting of both the physiological outcomes and quality-of-life issues in the surgical management of chronic pancreatitis this will continue to be the situation.; Charles P. Morrison...

‣ Behandlungsergebnisse der konservativen und operativen Therapie bei akuter und chronischer Pankreatitis; Long term results after conservative vs. surgical treatment of acute and chronic pancreatitis

Link, Mareike Sabine
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.176304%
In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden die Patienten dargestellt, die in den Jahren 1988 bis 2000 an der Chirurgischen Universitätsklinik Tübingen mit der Diagnose "Pankreatitis" stationär behandelt wurden. Es wird dabei der Frage nachgegangen, ob die konservative und operative Behandlung sich in ihren Ergebnissen unterscheiden. Zur Untersuchung gelangten 218 Patienten (165 Fälle mit akuter und 53 mit chronischer Pankreatitis). 129 Patienten litten an einer leichten, 89 Patienten an einer schweren Verlaufsform. 60% des gesamten Patientenkollektivs waren männlich, 40% waren weiblich. Die Ätiologie der Pankreatitiden war in 39% äthyltoxisch und in 35% biliär bedingt. 3% der Pankreatitiden entwickelten sich als Folge einer durchgeführten ERCP, 23% hatten eine andere Ursache. Die akute Pankreatitis war am häufigsten biliär bedingt (39%), die chronische war überwiegend äthyltoxischer Genese (66%). Neben Laborwertbestimmungen und Sonographien wurden hauptsächlich Computertomogramme (75%) zur Diagnosesicherung angefertigt. Bei fehlendem Nachweis infizierter Nekrosen erfolgte eine konservative Therapie auf einer Intermediate-Care Station. Kam es im weiteren Verlauf nicht zu operationspflichtigen Komplikationen (149 Patienten)...

‣ The morphological changes of exocrine pancreas in chronic pancreatitis

Ashizawa, N.; Niigaki, M.; Hamamoto, N.; Kaji, T.; Katsube, T.; Sato, S.; Endoh, H.; Hidaka, K.; Watanabe, M.; Kinoshita, Y.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.021235%
The following changes were found by either light or electron microscopic observation of the pancreas in spontaneously developed chronic pancreatitis models (WBNIKob rats, spontaneously hypertensive rats, and rats with common bile-pancreatic duct stones) and in experimental models of chronic pancreatitis (alcoholic pancreatitis, ischemic pancreatitis, and obstructive pancreatitis): 1) the units of lobules, which were constituted by acinar cell deletion, ductular proliferation, and fibrosis; and 2) tortuous or helical ductal channels of pancreatic ducts with periductal fibrosis, which had many crater-like depressions and very long cilia in their inner surface. These are considered to be the results of obstructive pancreatitis, which are caused by the reactions of defensive factors against the increase of pancreatic duct pressure, including the apoptosis of acinar cells, the hyperplasia and hypertrophy of duct cells, a tighter junctional complex of duct cells, and periductal fibrosis.

‣ Preferential expression of cystein-rich secretory protein-3 (CRISP-3) in chronic pancreatitis

Liao, Q.; Kleeff, Jörg; Xiao, Y.; Guweidhi, A.; Schambony, A.; Töpfer-Petersen, E.; Zimmermann, Astrid; Büchler, M.W.; Friess, Helmut
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.022544%
Background: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive inflammatory process resulting in exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency in advanced stages. Cysteine-rich secretory protein (CRISP-3) has been identified as a defense-associated molecule with predominant expression in the salivary gland, pancreas and prostate. Aims: In this study, we investigated CRISP-3 expression in normal pancreatic tissues, chronic pancreatitis tissues, pancreatic cancer tissues and pancreatic cancer cell lines, as well as in other gastrointestinal organs. Materials and Methods: 15 normal pancreatic tissues, 14 chronic pancreatitis tissues and 14 pancreatic cancer tissues as well as three pancreatic cancer cell lines were analyzed. Moreover, hepatocellular carcinoma and esophageal, stomach and colon cancers were also analyzed together with the corresponding normal controls. Results: CRISP-3 was expressed at moderate to high levels in chronic pancreatitis tissues and at moderate levels in pancreatic cancer tissues but at low levels in normal pancreatic tissues, and was absent in three pancreatic cancer cell lines. CRISP-3 expression was below the level of detection in all cancerous gastrointestinal tissues and in all normal tissues except 2 of 16 colon tissue samples. CRISP-3 mRNA signals and immunoreactivity were strongly present in the cytoplasm of degenerating acinar cells and in small proliferating ductal cells in CP tissues and CP-like lesions in pancreatic cancer tissues. In contrast...

‣ Role of fibrosis-related genes and pancreatic duct obstruction in rat pancreatitis models: Implications for chronic pancreatitis

Miyauchi, M.; Suda, K.; Kuwayama, C.; Abe, H.; Kakinuma, C.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.803125%
Human chronic pancreatitis is characterized by irreversible fibrosis, whereas pancreatic fibrosis in animal models is reversible. In this study, we compare the development of pancreatic fibrosis in the dibutyltin dichloride (DBTC) model, WBN/Kob rats and bile ductligated (BDL) rats. DBTC (8 mg/kg) was administered to LEW rats, and the pancreas was histopathologically investigated sequentially. Male and female WBN/Kob rats aged 4, 6 and 8 months were also examined. BDL rats were prepared by ligation of the bile duct at the duodenal portion and sacrificed at 3 or 7 days after ligation. Fibrosis in the DBTC model peaked after 1 week and was limited to the areas around the pancreatic ducts after 2 weeks, and was composed of both type I and type III collagen. In contrast, fibrosis in male WBN/Kob rats peaked at age 4 months, expanded into intralobular area, and was composed of type III collagen. It exhibited almost no type I collagen and a marked tendency to regress. Pancreatic fibrosis in BDL rats was somewhat difficult to induce and required increased stimulation. This suggests that fibrosis in human biliary pancreatitis may gradually form based on weak, continuous stimulation. We conclude that type I collagen may be involved in the progression of irreversible fibrosis. The imbalance between synthesis and degradation of extracellular matrix molecules or degree of stimulation over a certain period may lead to pancreatic fibrosis. Gene expressions of prolyl hydroxylase and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase-2 were elevated.

‣ Expression of the Shwachman- Bodian-Diamond syndrome -SBDS- protein in human pancreatic cancer and chronic pancreatitis

Kayed, Hany; Bekasi, Sandor; Keleg, Sehereen; Welsch, Thilo; Esposito, Irene; Shimamura, Akiko; Michalski, Christoph W.; Friess, Helmut; Kleeff, Jörg
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.59075%
Background: The Shwachman-Bodian- Diamond syndrome (SBDS) protein is a member of a highly conserved family which influences RNA activation and is associated with pancreatic, skeletal and bone marrow deficiencies, as well as hematological malignancies. Methods: In this study, the expression and localization of SBDS were investigated in normal human pancreatic tissues, chronic pancreatitis (CP) tissues, primary and metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tissues, as well as in cultured pancreatic cancer cell lines by immunohistochemistry, immunoblotting and immunocytochemistry. Results: In the normal pancreas, SBDS was localized in the cytoplasm of islet cells and ductal cells. In CP tissues, SBDS was found in the cytoplasm of ductal cells, tubular complexes, stromal fibroblasts and in PanIN1-2 lesions. In PDAC tissues, SBDS exhibited cytoplasmic and occasionally nuclear localization in tubular complexes, PanIN1-3 lesions, cancer cells, and stromal fibroblasts. Different levels of SBDS protein were detected in cultured pancreatic cancer cell lines. Conclusion: SBDS is expressed in normal, CP, and PDAC tissues, as well as in pancreatic cancer cell lines. The different expression and localization patterns suggest a role of SBDS in the pathogenesis of...

‣ Frequência de tabagismo e das mutações N34S e P55S do gene Serine Protease Inhibitor Kazal-Type 1 (SPINK1) e da mutação R254W do gene Quimotripsina C (CTRC) em pacientes portadores de pancreatite crônica e em controle; Frequency of tabagism and N34S and P55S mutation of Serine Protease Inhibitor Kazal-Type 1 gene (SPINK1) and R254W mutation of Chymotrypsin C gene (CTRC) in patients with chronic pancreatitis and controls

Costa, Marianges Zadrozny Gouvêa da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/08/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.368306%
A pancreatite crônica é uma desordem complexa, na qual a interação entre fatores ambientais e genéticos resulta na enfermidade. O presente estudo incluiu 148 pacientes com diagnóstico de pancreatite crônica, 110 etilistas crônicos e 297 controles sadios com o objetivo de investigar a frequência de tabagismo e das mutações N34S e P55S do gene SPINK1 e R254W do gene CTRC nesta população. Foi aplicado questionário presencial e realizada reação de sequenciamento para a pesquisa das mutações genéticas, após assinatura do Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido. Os portadores de pancreatite crônica possuíam etiologia alcoólica em 74% das vezes e idiopática em 26%. A pancreatite alcoólica apresentou-se de maneira distinta da pancreatite crônica idiopática, sendo que o primeiro grupo é composto por maior prevalência do gênero masculino (88,18% versus 34,21%), por maior média de idade (55,64 anos versus 45,20 anos), menor frequência de caucasianos (63,89% versus 84,21%), menor escolaridade (23,30% concluíram ensino médio ou superior versus 57,89%) e maior frequência de repercussões da doença, como diarréia (54,21% versus 24,24%), emagrecimento (56,07% versus 24,24%), diabete melito (57,94% versus 36...

‣ Tratamento cirúrgico da pancreatite crônica com a técnica de Frey : análise dos resultados; Surgical treatment of chronic pancreatitis by Frey procedure : analysis of results

Martinho Antonio Gestic
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/08/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.022544%
O tratamento cirúrgico da pancreatite crônica é indicado na falência do tratamento clínico da dor e na presença de complicações da doença. O emprego da melhor técnica ainda é um desafio e, ao longo do último século, várias técnicas foram desenvolvidas determinando três padrões de procedimento: descompressivos, ressecativos e mistos. A técnica de Frey é do tipo mista, recentemente desenvolvida e que apresenta excelentes resultados no alívio da dor secundária à pancreatite crônica. Seu princípio propõe baixas taxas de morbidade e mortalidade pós-operatórias e menor dano às funções pancreáticas comparáveis às cirurgias descompressivas (Partington-Rochelle, Puestow) com a mesma efetividade das cirurgias ressecativas (duodenopancreatectomias) no controle da dor. O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever a casuística e analisar os resultados de uma série consecutiva de pacientes com pancreatite crônica submetidos à técnica de Frey no Hospital de Clínicas da UNICAMP. Foram analisados retrospectivamente 73 pacientes consecutivos de janeiro de 1991 a dezembro de 2007, sem tratamento cirúrgico prévio para pancreatite crônica e com pelo menos um ano de seguimento pós-operatório. Estudou-se o perfil da população...

‣ Standard criteria versus Rosemont classification for EUS-diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis

Jimeno-Ayllón,Cristina; Pérez-García,José Ignacio; Gómez-Ruiz,Carmen Julia; García-Cano-Lizcano,Jesús; Morillas-Ariño,Julia; Martínez-Fernández,Raquel; Serrano-Sánchez,Lorena; Pérez-Sola,Ángel
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.270293%
Aim: to study the possible differences in the final diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis by using standard classification described by Wiersema et al. and the new classification proposed recently by Rosemont. Material and methods: forty-seven patients with the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis were included in this study. The parenchymal and ductal criteria were studied, the patients were divided in two groups for Wiersema criteria: < 4 criteria, non-diagnostic for chronic pancreatitis and ≥ 4 criteria, diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis. The same patients were divided in four groups according to Rosemont classification: normal pancreas, indeterminate, suggestive and consistent with chronic pancreatitis. We analyzed these data with Chi-square test reported with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: in patients with chronic pancreatitis the most frequent criteria observed were lobularity in 66% of cases and pancreatic duct dilatation and calcifications in 57.4% of cases each. We found a significant statistical association between the results of both classifications (p < 0.05). The highest association is found in patients with more than 4 standard criteria and definitive diagnostic of chronic pancreatitis according to Rosemont classification. In patients who have less than 4 standard criteria the diagnosis is suggestive of chronic pancreatitis by using the Rosemont classification in 27.66% (p < 0.05). Conclusion: these results show that no significant statistical differences are found for patients with > 4 criteria diagnosis by standard criteria. But 27.66% patients with less than 4 standard criteria would be suggestive according to Rosemont classification (p < 0.05). Hence...

‣ Chronic pancreatitis: controversies in etiology, diagnosis and treatment

Draganov,P.; Toskes,P. P.
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.23844%
The pathogenesis of idiopathic chronic pancreatitis remains poorly understood despite the high expectations for ascribing the pancreatic damage in affected patients to genetic defects. Mutations in the cationic trypsinogen gene, pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor, and the cystic fibrosis conductance regulator gene do not account for the chronic pancreatitis noted in most patients with idiopathic chronic pancreatitis. Small duct chronic pancreatitis can be best diagnosed with a hormone stimulation test. Endoscopic ultrasonography can detect abnormalities in both the parenchyma and ducts of the pancreas. The true value of endoscopic ultrasonography in diagnosing small duct chronic pancreatitis remains to be fully defined and is under active investigation. It is not clear whether endoscopic ultrasonography is more sensitive for early structural changes in patients with small duct disease or is over diagnosing chronic pancreatitis. Pancreatic enzyme supplementation with non-enteric formulation along with acid suppression (H2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors) is an effective therapy for pain in patients with small duct chronic pancreatitis. The role of endoscopic ultrasonography-guided celiac plexus block should be limited to treating those patients with chronic pancreatitis whose pain has not responded to other modalities. Total pancreatectomy followed by autologous islet cell autotransplantation appears to be potential therapeutic approach but for now should be considered experimental.

‣ A Spanish multicenter study to estimate the prevalence and incidence of chronic pancreatitis and its complications

Domínguez-Muñoz,J. Enrique; Lucendo,Alfredo; Carballo,L. Fernando; Iglesias-García,Julio; Tenías,José María
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.663438%
Background and objective: No nation-wide epidemiological study on the incidence and prevalence of chronic pancreatitis (CP) had been thus far carried out in Spain. Our goal is to estimate the prevalence and incidence of CP, as well as to determine the diagnostic and therapeutic criteria used in Spanish pancreas units. Methods: An observarional, descriptive study of hospital pancreas units in Spain. CP-related epidemiology, etiology, manifestations, diagnostic tests, functional complications, and treatments were all assessed using a structured questionnaire. Overall results were estimated by weighting cases in each site. Results: Information was collected from six pancreas units with a sample frame of 1,900,751 inhabitants. Overall prevalence was 49.3 cases per 10(5) population (95 % CI, 46 to 52) and incidence was 5.5 cases per 10(5) inhabitant-years (95 % CI, 5.4 to 5.6). Most common etiologies included tobacco and alcoholism, which were associated with three in every four cases. The most prevalent symptoms were recurring pain (48.8 %) and chronic abdominal pain (30.6 %). The most widely used diagnostic method was echoendoscopy (79.8 %), CT (computerized tomography) (58.7 %), and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)/MRCP (magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography) (55.9 %). Most prevalent morphologic findings included calcifications (35 %) and pseudocysts (27 %). Exocrine (38.8 %) and endocrine (35.2 %) pancreatic insufficiency had both a similar frequency. Treatments used were rather heterogeneous among sites...

‣ Endoscopic ultrasound in the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis

Iglesias-García,Julio; Lariño-Noia,José; Lindkvist,Björn; Domínguez-Muñoz,J. Enrique
Fonte: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas Publicador: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.59075%
Diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis (CP) remains a challenge. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) can be considered nowadays as the technique of choice for the morphological diagnosis of this disease. More than three or four EUS defined criteria of CP need to be present for the diagnosis of the disease. The development of the more restrictive Rosemont classification aims to standardize the criteria, assigning different values to different features but its impact on the EUS-based diagnosis of CP is debatable. A combined use of endoscopic function test and EUS has even increased the diagnostic yield. Elastography and FNA may be also of help for diagnosing CP. EUS also provides with very valuable information on the severity of the disease, giving key information that may influence in the treatment. Differential diagnosis of solid pancreatic masses in the context of a CP is also challenging, EUS plays a key role in this context. It provides with the possibility of obtaining specimens for histopathological diagnosis. Nowadays, new developed techniques associated to EUS, like elastography and contrast enhancement, are also showing promising results for the differentiating between these pancreatic lesions.