Página 1 dos resultados de 258 itens digitais encontrados em 0.001 segundos

‣ O sistema de comercialização de castanha da Terra Fria Transmontana e sua cadeia de valor

Matos, Alda
Fonte: UTAD Publicador: UTAD
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.712852%
Após a derrocada do sector agrícola que viu o valor das importações aumentar com a adesão de Portugal à União Europeia, bem como a estagnação continuada dos rendimentos agrícolas, a castanha foi o produto que, ao contrário dos outros produtos agrícolas, viu o seu preço (e o consumo) aumentar por todo o mundo, passando de “produto de sobrevivência” das populações rurais a “produto de valor acrescentado qualidade”. Há muito, que a castanha portuguesa se impõe no mercado internacional, sendo um dos privilegiados frutos que contribui para o saldo positivo da balança comercial de frutos. O aumento da área de plantio, da produção, das exportações, da qualidade e a tendência global para o aumento do consumo deste fruto, foram, entre outros, aspectos a considerar no estudo desenvolvido sobre a cadeia de valor e o sistema de comercialização da mais importante região portuguesa na produção de castanha, nomeadamente a Terra Fria Transmontana. Caracterizar a fileira da castanha, descrever os perfis dos agentes, identificar e perceber como funcionam os vários elos do sistema de comercialização, analisar as estratégias de compra e venda de castanha, identificar as mais-valias do fruto em cada elo, e finalmente propor medidas – a nível técnico...

‣ Entry strategies in the face of incumbents dominant position: the case of advanced renewable energy technologies

Fontes, M.; Sousa, C.; Pimenta, S.
Fonte: FEP (School of Economics and Management, University of Porto Publicador: FEP (School of Economics and Management, University of Porto
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.034639%
The paper discusses the entry strategies adopted by research-based firms introducing advanced renewable energy technologies in the electricity production sector, which combines strong incumbent power with fast technological change. Drawing on contributions from the literatures on sustainability transitions and on strategic management of technology we build an analytical framework to address the conditions faced by the new entrants and the attitude of established incumbents towards their technologies. This framework is applied through in-depth case studies of new firms in two energy fields that display different levels of technological maturity: wind and wave energy. The paper presents preliminary results from a first set of case studies, which provide some insights into the “commercialisation environment” prevailing in those fields. They suggest that research-based firms tend to depend on the complementary assets possessed by incumbents, but have conditions to protect their technologies; and that the technology is relevant for (at least some) incumbents, which show interest on them, or are directly involved in their development/use. This is, in most cases, conducive to “cooperation” strategies, which assume different forms according to the stage of development of the technology and its proximity to incumbent competences and business models

‣ L’impact de la commercialisation de la recherche académique sur les responsabilités du chercheur biomédical

GRATTON, Sophie
Fonte: Centre de recherche en droit public (CRDP) Publicador: Centre de recherche en droit public (CRDP)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.779019%
Nous assistons depuis quelques années à une commercialisation de la recherche académique. Celle-ci est principalement due à une déficience marquée du financement public. Par conséquent,  les universités se tournent vers d’autres sources de financement, tels les brevets et l’industrie privée. En parallèle, les gouvernements et les organismes subventionnaires favorisent cette commercialisation par la promotion de programmes de partenariats université-industrie et par la mise en place de stratégies pour l’innovation et le transfert des technologies. Prenant comme modèle le chercheur académique dans le domaine de la santé, nous avons évalué l’impact de cette commercialisation sur les responsabilités du chercheur envers la science et la société. Ce nouveau mode de fonctionnement comporte certes des avantages. Par exemple, il résulte en une injection de fonds nouveaux pour la recherche, un développement des infrastructures universitaires et  un transfert de technologies plus efficace, permettant ainsi à la population de bénéficier plus rapidement des bienfaits de la recherche. Cependant, notre réflexion révèle que cette commercialisation comporte aussi des impacts négatifs sur la recherche académique. En effet...

‣ A review of translating and interpreting services in Australia

Patchett, Pippa
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.034639%
The translating and interpreting industry in Australia is in a fractured state. The main players in the industry each face their own unique problems which are compounded when the industry is viewed as a whole. The Translating and Interpreting Service (TIS) is a 24 hour, 7 days a week interpreting and translating service available to Australians of Non-English speaking backgrounds (NESS) to assist them in achieving equitable access to government services. The service provided by TIS is broken into fee-free and fee-paying services dependant on who the client is and what service they which to access. Interpreting for visits to the doctor are provided free of charge, however visits to the pharmacy are not. Access to local government is free, however state and federal government agencies must pay. TIS also faces commercialisation. Providing free services to NESS Australians is expensive and so the fee-paying provisions were brought in during 1991. The result has been a business like approach to what is essentially a government obligation. Changes brought about by this new vision include the consolidation of services to Melbourne, the introduction of an Interactive Voice Response Unit and the push towards telephone interpreting over on-site interpreting. The risk of these changes is that the shaky equity and access available to NESS Australians will be trampled in the name of cost saving. NAATI...

‣ Developing an International Commercialisation Ranking for Universities

Ryan, Brittany
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.935217%
This report provides an analysis of current international university ranking systems and assessments of university research, in order to ascertain options for Australia to develop an international ranking of university research commercialisation. The paper begins by proving the claim that Australia should develop a research commercialisation ranking system to ensure national productivity growth. It addresses the need for both excellence and innovation in university’s research to drive this growth, and the current role two independent bodies that use panel-based methodologies to assess research case studies from universities. These bodies are Excellence in Research Australia (ERA), which seeks to promote ‘quality’ research in Australian universities, and Excellence in Innovation Australia (EIA), whose recent trial aimed to incentivise the production of ‘innovative’ research. The EIA trial is compared to the to the UK’s Research Evaluation Framework (REF) to determine the viability of implementing some of the latter’s elements in an Australian context. This paper concludes that Australia does not currently have the resources to support a case-study approach that could adequately assess the impacts of innovative research. An alternative to the case study approach...

‣ Business model adaptation as a dynamic capability: a theoretical lens for observing practitioner behaviour

Dottore, A.
Fonte: Bled eConference; Slovenia Publicador: Bled eConference; Slovenia
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.034639%
The paper adopts the dynamic capabilities framework as a theoretical lens for observing business model adaptation by practitioners. It explicates how very recent contributions to dynamic capability theory have made the connection clearer. It is part of a larger program aimed at understanding the forces that affect business model adaptation and innovation in technology-based firms. The very rare previous research has been mostly theory based, focused on eBusiness, or focused at the industry level. This study is seeking a theoretical base for making sense of practitioner behaviour, in studying the process of adaptation and innovation. The theoretical base needs further development and will likely be augmented or altered as patterns are discerned from the field studies, as well as through other extant theories. Contributions will be not only to business model research, but also to the fields of entrepreneurship, commercialisation and strategic management.; http://aisel.aisnet.org/bled2009/11/; Antonio Gabriele Dottore

‣ The role of the market in transforming training and knowledge to superior performance: evidence from the Australian manufacturing sector

Liao, T.S.; Rice, J.; Martin, N.
Fonte: Routledge Publicador: Routledge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.034639%
Training and development of employees increases the value and breadth of employee capabilities and knowledge, although this improvement, we suggest, cannot drive improved competitive performance in the absence of effective commercialisation of these capabilities. We propose and test a model of training and organisational performance, mediated by effective market engagement and transformation by firms. We find, as we anticipate, no direct link between training and performance, although there is a significant and positive path between training and performance when mediated through effective and contemporaneous market engagement.; Tung-Shan Liao, John Rice and Nigel Martin

‣ Electric vehicles in the EU from 2010 to 2014 - is full scale commercialisation near?

THIEL CHRISTIAN; KRAUSE JETTE; DILARA Panagiota
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Printed
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.034639%
As a means of reducing the climate impact of transport as well as local air pollution, electrification of the road vehicle fleet is a much-discussed option. In the past years, many electric vehicle models have been introduced to the EU market. On the basis of the monitoring databases for the implementation of Regulation EC No 443/2009 and Regulation EU No 510/2011 we have analysed EV deployment in the EU in the past five years. We find that since 2010 the deployment of EV in the EU has gained momentum. The number of models offered as well as the size segment coverage of EV passenger cars has increased significantly from 2010 to 2014. The number of registrations and also the EV share, albeit still small compared to the total vehicle market, has increased steadily in the EU. This trend continued in the first half of 2015. The demand for EV has been fostered by various incentive schemes in different EU member states (MS). The numbers of EV registrations and market shares in the MS align well with the level of financial support for EV buyers. This seems to indicate that policies remain to be needed in order to overcome market barriers for the EV deployment at this moment in time. When comparing EV deployment in Europe to other regions of the world...

‣ International research customer satisfaction surveys (Germany and Australia) and research provider surveys (Germany and Europe)

von Hagen, F.; Baaken, T.; Holscher, V.; Plewa, C.
Fonte: Inderscience Publishers Publicador: Inderscience Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.034639%
Research and innovation are fundamental for success and even survival of organisations worldwide and are increasingly outsourced to specialised research institutions. Nevertheless, marketing academics and practitioners have so far neglected science as a marketable service and/or product. This paper aims at filling this gap by examining the expectations and performance evaluations of research customers and providers. First, a telephone survey of research customers is reported and an overall satisfaction level with research providers is discussed. Various criteria are examined in relation to the customer's expectations and perceptions of the research provider's performance. Second, a telephone survey with research providers in Germany and some leading European countries is reported, examining the provider's view on customer expectations and performance assessments. The paper identifies key factors of customer demand and explores performance evaluations. It concludes with recommendations for academics and practitioners concerning research marketing and commercialisation as well as suggestions for further research.; Friederike Von Hagen, Thomas Baaken, Volker Holscher, Carolin Plewa

‣ The effect of a university's market orientation on the industry partner's relationship perception and satisfaction

Plewa, C.; Quester, P.
Fonte: Inderscience Publishers Publicador: Inderscience Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.3253%
Research commercialisation and technology transfer have become buzzwords in today's scientific and business community, with research suppliers, customers and policymakers spending increasing amounts of resources on achieving commercialisation success. Given a lack of research on university-industry relationships, this paper uses established knowledge in the relationship marketing area, traditionally focused on relationships between private sector enterprises, and extends its application to the analysis and management of science-to-business linkages. Based on a qualitative exploratory study on science-to-business linkages in Australia, a survey was conducted showing a positive effect of academics' engagement on the market orientation of their research group, which in turn positively influenced the industry partner's commitment. Interestingly, while a research group's market orientation was expected to influence the industry partner's trust, the analysis revealed the reverse effect. Furthermore, the study confirmed the relations between the industry partner's trust, commitment, communication and satisfaction. The paper concludes with managerial implications, limitations and directions for future research.

‣ Developing a new business model for enabling research - the case of the ACPFG in Australia

Agius, S.; Corkindale, D.; Dottore, A.; Gilbert, M.
Fonte: Inderscience Publishers Publicador: Inderscience Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 485297 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.3253%
The way in which companies, research centres and educational institutions are organised and structured may provide a competitive advantage for commercialisation, in particular if companies are dependent on the deployment of complementary assets and capabilities by third parties. This paper presents the case of the Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics (ACPFG), a private agricultural biotechnology (agbiotech) company specialising in early stage Research and Development (R&D) to produce superior adapted cereal varieties, tolerant to abiotic stress conditions such as drought, frost, salt, or mineral toxicity, all of which have a direct and negative impact on plant growth and crop productivity. The organisational structure of the company has been influenced and shaped by Government policy, shareholders expectations and trends in the agbiotech industrial organisation. It has proved attractive to potential alliance partners for collaborative R&D and commercialisation. We present the ACPFG as a new business model to fund basic research and facilitate technology transfer.; Stephanie C. Agius, David Corkindale, Antonio G. Dottore, Michael Gilbert; Publisher's postprint archived as permitted by publisher.

‣ Going for Wombat - Transformations in Wirangu and the Scotdesco Community on the Far West Coast of South Australia

Monaghan, P.
Fonte: Oceania Publications Publicador: Oceania Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.034639%
Becoming an object of touristic interest is only one of a series of ways that Aboriginality is being transformed in contemporary Australia, as the space opens up for individuals and groups to reposition themselves as Aborigines within the nation, with a distinctive culture in various forms. The nation's appetite for Aboriginal ‘culture’, within desirable limits (Povinelli 2002) and energised by a sentimental politics (Cowlishaw 2010), continues to grow. There is, however, a destructive flip side to the politics of difference being played out within Aboriginal societies. This is evidenced by the many battles for access to or control of ‘cultural’ resources for their commercial benefits or collective survival value. In many places communities or groups are faced with the terrible choice of distinction or extinction (Comaroff & Comaroff 2009). That is, they must find, and make alienable, something distinctive about themselves or face collective extinction. How one Aboriginal community is responding to these threats and challenges is the subject of this paper. This paper also adds to the growing literature on ethno-commercialisation by focusing on the central role of language in these processes.; http://oceania.metapress.com/content/q694602138n03483/; Paul Monaghan

‣ 30 Years After the Bayh-Dole Act: Rethinking the Australian Research Commercialisation Experience

Flening, Eleanor
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.712852%
By granting universities the rights to assert ownership of intellectual property (IP) resulting from United States (US) federally sponsored research, the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 has stimulated considerable interest from policymakers around the world. Inspired by the US example, the Australian government has introduced a similar patent policy to encourage the commercialisation of publicly funded research. Research institutions have quickly responded to this policy and established technology transfer offices (TTOs) to manage the identification, protection and exploitation of IP created by their employees. It is often assumed that this IP-based approach accelerates the transfer of new inventions from academia to industry and helps to generate national benefits and social return from public investment in research. This thesis provides a case study of the commercialisation of publicly funded research in the biotechnology sector in Australia. Following mainly a qualitative approach, the study explores the rise of the research commercialisation phenomenon by tracking its historical origins, key turning points and their present ramifications. It also examines the perceptions, motivation and experiences of various participants such as academic scientists...

‣ The Impact of research commercialisation on academic freedom

Vervoorn, Saskia
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.959475%
The development of an Australian scientific success story is an unlikely and somewhat unfortunate starting point to a significant debate over academic freedom in this country's universities. The Gardasil vaccine was developed by the University of Queensland in collaboration with the drug company CSL Limited. However, what seemed to be a very successful partnership became the subject of controversy when UQ formally rebuked one of its senior lecturers, Dr Andrew Gunn, over comments he made regarding Gardasil. When this became generally known, there was great indignation expressed in the media. It appeared that the University of Queensland had overridden its own policy on academic freedom in the face of upsetting CSL Limited with which it holds a very lucrative partnership. This report responds to the concerns raised by the episode surrounding Dr Gunn's comments. It asks, in what ways does the commercialisation of university research impede or enhance academic freedom? In answering this, this report critically examines the philosophy justifying academic freedom and the practices and rational behind the commercialisation of research. Much of the inspiration for the organisation of this report and the reference material within it was gained through a review of relevant literature and interviews with three academics that direct the commercialisation activities of a prominent Australian university...

‣ Privatisation et commercialisation de la sécurité : nouvelles perspectives sur les relations entre secteurs public et privé

Mulone, Massimiliano
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.034639%
Thèse numérisée par la Division de la gestion de documents et des archives de l'Université de Montréal

‣ La réception d’un nouveau produit écoconçu durant la commercialisation dans un contexte de PME québécoise par les détaillants : le cas d’un meuble de salle de bain

Bellemare, Marie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.712852%
Aujourd’hui, il existe très peu de nouveaux produits écoconçus (NPE) mis sur le marché par les PME du Québec et les réussites commerciales sont encore plus rares. Dans ce contexte, il semble pertinent de se pencher sur la manière dont le processus d’écoconception pourrait être à la fois mieux et plus utilisé dans les PME québécoises en étudiant spécifiquement la réception des NPE auprès des détaillants pendant la commercialisation. La question à laquelle se propose de répondre ce mémoire est la suivante : comment un produit conçu selon une approche cycle de vie est-il reçu par le réseau de détaillants d’une PME? Aussi, cette recherche explore le rôle du designer, qui normalement s’achève au début de la commercialisation, que pourrait jouer durant cette phase afin de favoriser la réception positive d’un NPE. Cette recherche s’appuie sur une étude de cas de la première phase de commercialisation d’un meuble de salle de bain écoconçu par une PME manufacturière québécoise en 2010 et 2011. La chercheuse a observé la réception d’un NPE, c’est-à-dire la perception et l’appréciation de celui-ci, par des personnes œuvrant dans une PME de fabrication d’ameublement de salle de bain et par ceux qui agissent dans son réseau de distribution. Nous avons relevé que la compréhension des notions liées à l’écoconception est un enjeu important dans la réception d’un NPE. C'est pourquoi la formation des détaillants et l’éducation des consommateurs deviennent essentielles pour la réception positive d’un NPE. Dans cette perspective...

‣ Achieving economical and social sustainability in goat husbandry in the semi-arid of Brazil: a question of marketing channels.

VIDAL, D. de L.; OLIVEIRA, J. A. M.; MAGALHAES, K. A.
Fonte: In: CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE ECONOMIA E SOCIOLOGIA RURAL, 38., 2000, Rio de Janeiro. Anais... Rio de Janeiro: SOBER, 2000. 18 f. 1 CD ROM. Publicador: In: CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE ECONOMIA E SOCIOLOGIA RURAL, 38., 2000, Rio de Janeiro. Anais... Rio de Janeiro: SOBER, 2000. 18 f. 1 CD ROM.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE)
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.3253%
The Brazilian Northeast region framework complexity in relation to goat products trade, generates a more careful analysis and prospecting for economic agents, interacting structural components and inputs spatial allocation. This paper identifies the main circuits of goat meat commercialisation, their features and carcass cuts in the Ceara's State. A pilot countryside survey with four focus cities was conducted to provide a basic information framework on this area. The commercial relationships among the market agents in the different circuits and the Gross Value Added incorporation process are analysed. It was identified four fundamental commercialisation types. The necessity of an appropriated support prices policy to the semiarid conditions to the Artisan and Traditional Circuits type was recommended. Furthermore, the point of comemrcial activity strangulation is found in the small power of bargain and decision of the small farm households. Higher organisation level of the small farm households is associated with better familiar income in some commercialisation circuits.; 2000

‣ Research-based spin-offs targeting the market for technologies: a conceptual model

Fontes, M.; Conceição, O.; Calapez, T.
Fonte: DINÂMIA Publicador: DINÂMIA
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em /12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.3253%
DINÂMIA, Dezembro de 2009.; This paper addresses the commercialisation decisions of research-based spin-off firms, focusing on the case of companies specialising in the production and sale of intellectual property - a model of entrepreneurial behaviour increasingly frequent in science-based fields, and that research-based spin-offs may be more prone to adopt given their specific characteristics. Combining insights from the economics of technological change and the strategic management of technology literature, we discuss the conditions that influence spin-offs ability to pursue with this strategy, and advance some theory-driven hypothesis regarding key factors that are likely to determine their choice - nature of knowledge, appropriability conditions, location and degree of control upon complementary assets and institutional setting of origin - and their impact upon firms’ decisions. We add to the still incipient research on this model of behaviour, as well as to recent research on the determinants of the commercialisation strategy of small technologyintensive firms.

‣ El sector del aceite de oliva ante la globalización de mercados: reflexiones desde una perspectiva de demanda; Le secteur de l’huile d’olive face à la globalisation des marchés: Réflexions dans le cadre de la demande; The olive oil sector in face of market globalisation: Reflections from a demand perspective

Mili, Samir; Rodríguez-Zúñiga, Manuel; Sanz Cañada, Javier
Fonte: España. Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación Publicador: España. Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 97586 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
17.3253%
[ES] Un rasgo característico de la evolución del sector del aceite de oliva ha sido el escaso nivel de internacionalización de sus intercambios comerciales, que tradicionalmente se han centrado casi en exclusiva en el ámbito de los propios países productores. Sin embargo, en los últimos tiempos se viene perfilando un nuevo escenario de referencia para los agentes económicos que operan en el sector: por una parte, las tendencias de progresiva liberalización del comercio internacional contribuyen a un emergente proceso de globalización de los intercambios internacionales del producto; por otra, las estrategias de los agentes empresariales se encuentran cada vez más influidas por una cadena agroalimentaria crecientemente orientada desde la demanda. Además de estas premisas, que son generalizables al conjunto del Sistema Agroalimentario, nos encontramos con otros factores explicativos del cambio estructural específicos del sector del aceite de oliva, como son las transformaciones en el marco normativo de la política oleícola y la tendencia al alza tanto de la oferta como de la demanda a nivel mundial. El objetivo del presente trabajo es efectuar una reflexión, desde una perspectiva de demanda, sobre las nuevas coordenadas donde se sitúan las estrategias empresariales de comercialización del aceite de oliva a escala internacional...

‣ Improving the organisation and commercialisation of small coffee and cocoa producers in the Northern Amazon Region of Ecuador

Viteri, Oswaldo; Ramos Martín, Jesús
Fonte: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Unitat d'Història Econòmica Publicador: Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Unitat d'Història Econòmica
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.62534%
Coffee and cocoa represent the main sources of income for small farmers in the Northern Amazon Region of Ecuador. The provinces of Orellana and Sucumbios, as border areas, have benefited from investments made by many public and private institutions. Many of the projects carried out in the area have been aimed at energising the production of coffee and cocoa, strengthening the producers’ associations and providing commercialisation infrastructure. Improving the quality of life of this population threatened by poverty and high migration flows mainly from Colombia is a significant challenge. This paper presents research highlighting the importance of associative commercialisation to raising income from coffee and cocoa. The research draws on primary information obtained during field work, and from official information from the Ministry of Agriculture. The study presents an overview of current organisational structures, initiatives of associative commercialisation, stockpiling of infrastructure and ownership regimes, as well as estimates for both ‘robusta’ coffee and national cocoa production and income. The analysis of the main constraints presents different alternatives for the implementation of public land policies. These policies are aimed at mitigating the problems associated with the organisational structure of the producers...