Página 1 dos resultados de 14581 itens digitais encontrados em 0.051 segundos

‣ Are many Z-DNA binding proteins actually phospholipid-binding proteins?

Krishna, P; Kennedy, B P; Waisman, D M; van de Sande, J H; McGhee, J D
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1990 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We used a Z-DNA affinity column to isolate a collection of Z-DNA binding proteins from a high salt extract of Escherichia coli. We identified one of the major Z-DNA binding proteins of this fraction, not as a protein involved in gene regulation or genetic recombination, but rather as an outer membrane porin protein. We then showed that several other known phospholipid-binding proteins (bovine lung annexins and human serum lipoproteins) also bind much more tightly to Z-DNA than to B-DNA. In all cases, this Z-DNA binding was strongly blocked by competition with acidic phospholipids, such as cardiolipin. Our results raise the question whether many of the Z-DNA binding proteins previously isolated are actually phospholipid-binding proteins.

‣ Small Abundant DNA Binding Proteins from the Thermoacidophilic Archaeon Sulfolobus shibatae Constrain Negative DNA Supercoils

Mai, Viet Q.; Chen, Xulin; Hong, Ray; Huang, Li
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1998 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
77.83193%
Major DNA binding proteins, designated Ssh7, were purified from the thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus shibatae. The Ssh7 proteins have an apparent molecular mass of 6.5 kDa and are similar to the 7-kDa DNA binding proteins from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius and Sulfolobus solfataricus in N-terminal amino acid sequence. The proteins constitute about 4.8% of the cellular protein. Upon binding to DNA, the Ssh7 proteins constrain negative supercoils. At the tested Ssh7/DNA mass ratios (0 to 1.65), one negative supercoil was taken up by approximately 20 Ssh7 molecules. Our results, together with the observation that the viral DNA isolated from S. shibatae is relaxed, suggest that regions of free DNA in the S. shibatae genome, if present, are highly positively supercoiled.

‣ DNA-binding proteins in cells and membrane blebs of Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

Dorward, D W; Garon, C F
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1989 Português
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Naturally elaborated membrane bleb fractions BI and BII of Neisseria gonorrhoeae contain both linear and circular DNAs. Because little is known about the interactions between DNA and blebs, studies were initiated to identify specific proteins that bind DNA in elaborated membrane blebs. Western immunoblots of whole-cell and bleb proteins from transformation-competent and DNA-uptake-deficient (dud) mutants were probed with single- or double-stranded gonococcal DNA, pBR322, or synthetic DNA oligomers containing intact or altered gonococcal transformation uptake sequences. The specificity and sensitivity of a nonradioactive DNA-binding protein assay was evaluated, and the assay was used to visualize DNA-protein complexes on the blots. The complexes were then characterized by molecular mass, DNA-binding specificity, and expression in bleb fractions. The assay effectively detected blotted DNA-binding proteins. At least 17 gonococcal DNA-binding proteins were identified; unique subsets occurred in BI and BII. Certain DNA-binding proteins had varied affinities for single- and double-stranded DNA, and the intact transformation uptake sequence competitively displaced the altered sequence from a BI protein at 11 kilodaltons (kDa). A dud mutant...

‣ Characterization of the dead ringer gene identifies a novel, highly conserved family of sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins.

Gregory, S L; Kortschak, R D; Kalionis, B; Saint, R
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.974844%
We reported the identification of a new family of DNA-binding proteins from our characterization of the dead ringer (dri) gene of Drosophila melanogaster. We show that dri encodes a nuclear protein that contains a sequence-specific DNA-binding domain that bears no similarity to known DNA-binding domains. A number of proteins were found to contain sequences homologous to this domain. Other proteins containing the conserved motif include yeast SWI1, two human retinoblastoma binding proteins, and other mammalian regulatory proteins. A mouse B-cell-specific regulator exhibits 75% identity with DRI over the 137-amino-acid DNA-binding domains of these proteins, indicating a high degree of conservation of this domain. Gel retardation and optimal binding site screens revealed that the in vitro sequence specificity of DRI is strikingly similar to that of many homeodomain proteins, although the sequence and predicted secondary structure do not resemble a homeodomain. The early general expression of dri and the similarity of DRI and homeodomain in vitro DNA-binding specificity compound the problem of understanding the in vivo specificity of action of these proteins. Maternally derived dri product is found throughout the embryo until germ band extension...

‣ Novel DNA binding proteins highly specific to UV-damaged DNA sequences from embryos of Drosophila melanogaster.

Kai, M; Takahashi, T; Todo, T; Sakaguchi, K
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/07/1995 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.96117%
Three new proteins which selectively bind to UV-damaged DNA were identified and purified to near homogeneity from UV-irradiated Drosophila melanogaster embryos through several column chromatographies. These proteins, tentatively designated as D-DDB P1, P2 and P3, can be identified as different complex bands in a gel shift assay by using UV-irradiated TC-31 probe DNA. Analysis of the purified D-DDB P1 fraction by native or SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and FPLC-Superose 6 gel filtration demonstrated that it is a monomer protein which is a 30 kDa polypeptide. The D-DDB P2 protein is a monopolypeptide with a molecular mass of 14 kDa. Both D-DDB P1 and P2 highly prefer binding to UV-irradiated DNA, and have almost no affinity for non-irradiated DNA. Gel shift assays with either UV-irradiated DNA probes demonstrated that D-DDB P1 may show a preference for binding to (6-4) photoproducts, while D-DDB P2 may prefer binding to pyrimidine dimers. Both these proteins require magnesium ions for binding. D-DDB P1 is an ATP-preferent protein. These findings are discussed in relation to two recently described [Todo and Ryo (1991) Mutat. Res., 273, 85-93; Todo et al. (1993) Nature, 361, 371-374] DNA-binding factors from Drosophila cell extracts. A possible role for these DNA-binding proteins in lesion recognition and DNA-binding proteins in lesion recognition and DNA repair of UV-induced photo-products is discussed.

‣ Thermolabile DNA binding proteins from cells infected with a temperature-sensitive mutant of adenovrius defective in viral DNA synthesis.

Van Der Vliet, P C; Levine, A J; Ensinger, M J; Ginsberg, H S
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1975 Português
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68.03588%
Infection of African green monkey kidney cells with type 5 adenovirus leads to the synthesis of two infected, cell-specific proteins with approximate molecular weights of 72,000 and 48,000, that bind specifically to single-stranded but not double-stranded DNA. The production of these two proteins was studied after infection with two DNA-negative adenovirus mutants belonging to different complementation groups (H5 ts36 and H5 ts 125). Both DNA binding proteins were detected in cells infected with either mutant at the permissive temperature (32 C) AND ALSO IN H5 ts36-infected cells at the nonpermissive temperature (39.5 C). In H5 ts125-infected cells at 39.5 C, however, less than 5% of the normal wild-type level of these DNA binding proteins was detectable. When H5 ts125-infected cells were labeled with radioactive leucine at 32 C and subsequently shifted to 39.5 C in the presence of unlabeled leucine (chase), the level of DNA binding proteins found in these infected cells was markedly reduced compared to cultures not shifted to 39.5 C. These data suggest that the DNA binding proteins themselves were temperature sensitive. This conclusion was confirmed by experiments in which the DNA binding proteins were eluted from DNA cellulose with buffers of increasing temperatures (thermal elution). The H5 ts 125 proteins were shown to elute at lower temperatures than either wild-type or H5 ts36 proteins. These results are taken to indicate that the H5 ts125 mutant codes for a DNA binding protein that is thermolabile for continued binding to single-stranded DNA.

‣ Identification of DNA-binding proteins on human umbilical vein endothelial cell plasma membrane.

Chan, T M; Frampton, G; Cameron, J S
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/1993 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.97717%
The binding of anti-DNA antibodies to the endothelial cell is mediated through DNA, which forms a bridge between the immunoglobulin and the plasma membrane. We have shown that 32P-labelled DNA bound to the plasma membrane of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) by a saturable process, which could be competitively inhibited by non-radiolabelled DNA. In addition, DNA-binding was enhanced in HUVEC that had been treated with IL-1 alpha or tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). DNA-binding proteins of mol. wt 46,000, 92,000, and 84,000 were identified by the binding of 32P-labelled DNA to plasma membrane proteins separated on SDS-PAGE. DNA-binding proteins of mol. wt 46,000 and 84,000 were also present in the cytosol and nucleus. Murine anti-DNA MoAb410 bound to a single band, at mol. wt 46,000, of plasma membrane protein, in the presence of DNA. Our results showed that DNA-binding proteins are present in different cellular fractions of endothelial cells. DNA-binding proteins on the cell membrane could participate in the in situ formation of immune deposits; and their presence in the cell nucleus suggests a potential role in the modulation of cell function.

‣ Exploring DNA-binding Proteins with In Vivo Chemical Cross-linking and Mass Spectrometry

Qiu, Haibo; Wang, Yinsheng
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.06507%
DNA-binding proteins are very important constituents of proteomes of all species and play crucial roles in transcription, DNA replication, recombination, repair and other activities associated with DNA. Although a number of DNA-binding proteins have been identified, many proteins involved in gene regulation and DNA repair are likely still unknown because of their dynamic and/or weak interactions with DNA. In this report, we described an approach for the comprehensive identification of DNA-binding proteins with in vivo formaldehyde cross-linking and LC-MS/MS. DNA-binding proteins could be purified via the isolation of DNA-protein complexes and released from the complexes by reversing the cross-linking. By using this method, we were able to identify more than one hundred DNA-binding proteins, such as proteins involved in transcription, gene regulation, DNA replication and repair, and a large number of proteins which are potentially associated with DNA and DNA-binding proteins. This method should be generally applicable to the investigation of other nucleic acid-binding proteins, and hold great potential in the comprehensive study of gene regulation, DNA damage response and repair, as well as many other critical biological processes at proteomic level.

‣ DNA linking number change induced by sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins

Chen, Bo; Xiao, Yazhong; Liu, Chang; Li, Chenzhong; Leng, Fenfei
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.03927%
Sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins play a key role in many fundamental biological processes, such as transcription, DNA replication and recombination. Very often, these DNA-binding proteins introduce structural changes to the target DNA-binding sites including DNA bending, twisting or untwisting and wrapping, which in many cases induce a linking number change (ΔLk) to the DNA-binding site. Due to the lack of a feasible approach, ΔLk induced by sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins has not been fully explored. In this paper we successfully constructed a series of DNA plasmids that carry many tandem copies of a DNA-binding site for one sequence-specific DNA-binding protein, such as λ O, LacI, GalR, CRP and AraC. In this case, the protein-induced ΔLk was greatly amplified and can be measured experimentally. Indeed, not only were we able to simultaneously determine the protein-induced ΔLk and the DNA-binding constant for λ O and GalR, but also we demonstrated that the protein-induced ΔLk is an intrinsic property for these sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins. Our results also showed that protein-mediated DNA looping by AraC and LacI can induce a ΔLk to the plasmid DNA templates. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the protein-induced ΔLk does not correlate with the protein-induced DNA bending by the DNA-binding proteins.

‣ Predicting DNA-Binding Proteins and Binding Residues by Complex Structure Prediction and Application to Human Proteome

Zhao, Huiying; Wang, Jihua; Zhou, Yaoqi; Yang, Yuedong
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 02/05/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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As more and more protein sequences are uncovered from increasingly inexpensive sequencing techniques, an urgent task is to find their functions. This work presents a highly reliable computational technique for predicting DNA-binding function at the level of protein-DNA complex structures, rather than low-resolution two-state prediction of DNA-binding as most existing techniques do. The method first predicts protein-DNA complex structure by utilizing the template-based structure prediction technique HHblits, followed by binding affinity prediction based on a knowledge-based energy function (Distance-scaled finite ideal-gas reference state for protein-DNA interactions). A leave-one-out cross validation of the method based on 179 DNA-binding and 3797 non-binding protein domains achieves a Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) of 0.77 with high precision (94%) and high sensitivity (65%). We further found 51% sensitivity for 82 newly determined structures of DNA-binding proteins and 56% sensitivity for the human proteome. In addition, the method provides a reasonably accurate prediction of DNA-binding residues in proteins based on predicted DNA-binding complex structures. Its application to human proteome leads to more than 300 novel DNA-binding proteins; some of these predicted structures were validated by known structures of homologous proteins in APO forms. The method [SPOT-Seq (DNA)] is available as an on-line server at http://sparks-lab.org.

‣ Differential Disruption of EWS-FLI1 Binding by DNA-Binding Agents

Chen, Changmin; Wonsey, Diane R.; Lemieux, Madeleine E.; Kung, Andrew L.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
77.72948%
Fusion of the EWS gene to FLI1 produces a fusion oncoprotein that drives an aberrant gene expression program responsible for the development of Ewing sarcoma. We used a homogenous proximity assay to screen for compounds that disrupt the binding of EWS-FLI1 to its cognate DNA targets. A number of DNA-binding chemotherapeutic agents were found to non-specifically disrupt protein binding to DNA. In contrast, actinomycin D was found to preferentially disrupt EWS-FLI1 binding by comparison to p53 binding to their respective cognate DNA targets in vitro. In cell-based assays, low concentrations of actinomycin D preferentially blocked EWS-FLI1 binding to chromatin, and disrupted EWS-FLI1-mediated gene expression. Higher concentrations of actinomycin D globally repressed transcription. These results demonstrate that actinomycin D preferentially disrupts EWS-FLI1 binding to DNA at selected concentrations. Although the window between this preferential effect and global suppression is too narrow to exploit in a therapeutic manner, these results suggest that base-preferences may be exploited to find DNA-binding compounds that preferentially disrupt subclasses of transcription factors.

‣ Characterization of the dead ringer Gene Identifies a Novel, Highly Conserved Family of Sequence-Specific DNA-Binding Proteins

Gregory, S.; Kortschak, R.; Kalionis, B.; Saint, R.
Fonte: AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY Publicador: AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
98.05207%
We reported the identification of a new family of DNA-binding proteins from our characterization of the dead ringer (dri) gene of Drosophila melanogaster. We show that dri encodes a nuclear protein that contains a sequence-specific DNA-binding domain that bears no similarity to known DNA-binding domains. A number of proteins were found to contain sequences homologous to this domain. Other proteins containing the conserved motif include yeast SWI1, two human retinoblastoma binding proteins, and other mammalian regulatory proteins. A mouse B-cell-specific regulator exhibits 75% identity with DRI over the 137-amino-acid DNA-binding domains of these proteins, indicating a high degree of conservation of this domain. Gel retardation and optimal binding site screens revealed that the in vitro sequence specificity of DRI is strikingly similar to that of many homeodomain proteins, although the sequence and predicted secondary structure do not resemble a homeodomain. The early general expression of dri and the similarity of DRI and homeodomain in vitro DNA-binding specificity compound the problem of understanding the in vivo specificity of action of these proteins. Maternally derived dri product is found throughout the embryo until germ band extension...

‣ Functional characterization of GATA3 mutations causing the hypoparathyroidism-deafness-renal (HDR) dysplasia syndrome: insight into mechanisms of DNA binding by the GATA3 transcription factor

Ali, A.; Christie, P.; Grigorieva, I.; Harding, B.; Van Esch, H.; Ahmed, S.; Bitner-Glindzicz, M.; Blind, E.; Bloch, C.; Christin, P.; Clayton, P.; Gecz, J.; Gilbert-Dussardier, B.; Guillen-Navarro, E.; Hackett, A.; Halac, I.; Hendy, G.; Lalloo, F.; Mache
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
77.420225%
The hypoparathyroidism-deafness-renal (HDR) dysplasia syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations of the dual zinc finger transcription factor, GATA3. We investigated 21 HDR probands and 14 patients with isolated hypoparathyroidism for GATA3 abnormalities. Thirteen different heterozygous germline mutations were identified in patients with HDR. These consisted of three nonsense mutations, six frameshifting deletions, two frameshifting insertions, one missense (Leu348Arg) mutation and one acceptor splice site mutation. The splice site mutation was demonstrated to cause a pre-mRNA processing abnormality leading to the use of an alternative acceptor site 8 bp downstream of the normal site, resulting in a frameshift and prematurely terminated protein. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSAs) revealed three classes of GATA3 mutations: those that lead to a loss of DNA binding which represent over 90% of all mutations, and involved a loss of the carboxy-terminal zinc finger; those that resulted in a reduced DNA-binding affinity; and those (e.g. Leu348Arg) that did not alter DNA binding or the affinity but likely altered the conformational change that occurs during binding in the DNA major groove as predicted by a three-dimensional modeling. These results elucidate further the molecular mechanisms underlying the altered functions of mutants of this zinc finger transcription factor and their role in causing this developmental anomaly. No mutations were identified in patients with isolated hypoparathyroidism...

‣ ARX homeodomain mutations abolish DNA binding and lead to a loss of transcriptional repression

Shoubridge, C.; Tan, M.; Seiboth, G.; Gecz, J.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
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Mutations in the Aristaless-related homeobox (ARX) gene are one of the most frequent causes of X-linked intellectual disability (ID). Several missense mutations, clustered in the paired-type homeodomain of ARX, have been identified. These mutations lead to a range of phenotypes from X-linked lissencephaly with abnormal genitalia to seizure disorders without brain malformations including X-linked infantile spasms with ID (ISSX-ID) and X-linked myoclonic epilepsy with spasticity and ID (XMESID). The effect of these mutations on the DNA-binding and transcriptional activity has been evaluated. Luciferase reporter assays showed altered repression activity of ARX by all mutations, causing brain malformations and ISSX-ID phenotypes, but not by the P353L mutation implicated in a milder phenotype of XMESID. Similarly, transient overexpression of wild-type ARX repressed endogenous expression of known ARX targets, LMO1 and SHOX2, when measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Overall, the molecular consequence of missense mutations correlated well with the severity of the clinical phenotype. In all mutations tested, except P353L, the DNA binding was abolished. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay results were validated using chromatin immunoprecipitation following overexpression of normal and selected missense mutations. Unlike wild-type ARX and clinically less severe mutations...

‣ Improved detection of helix-turn-helix DNA-binding motifs in protein sequences

Dodd, I.B.; Egan, J.B.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1990 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
77.210024%
We present an update of our method for systematic detection and evaluation of potential hellx-turn-helix DNA-binding motifs in protein sequences [Dodd, I. and Egan, J. B. (1987) J. Mol. Biol. 194, 557-564]. The new method is considerably more powerful, detecting approximately 50% more likely hellx-turn-helix sequences without an Increase In false predictions. This improvement is due almost entirely to the use of a much larger reference set of 91 presumed helix-tumhellx sequences. The scoring matrix derived from this reference set has been calibrated against a large protein sequence database so that the score obtained by a sequence can be used to give a practical estimation of the probability that the sequence Is a helix-turn-helix motif.; Ian B.Dodd and J.Barry Egan

‣ DNA binding by the coliphage 186 repressor protein C1

Dodd, I.; Egan, J.
Fonte: AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC Publicador: AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
77.816396%
The cI gene of coliphage 186 maintains lysogeny and confers immunity to 186 infection by repressing the major early promoter, p(R), and the promoter for the late transcription activator gene, p(B). Gel mobility shirt and DNase I footprinting show that CI protein binds to the DNA at p(R) and p(B) and also to sites approximately 300 base pairs upstream and downstream of p(R), called FL and FR. Mutations which cause virulence reduce CI binding to p(R). The biochemical and genetic data identify three CI operators at p(R), two at p(B), and single operators at FL and FR. The operators at the p(B), FL, FR, and central p(R) sites are inverted repeat sequences, separated by 5 base pairs (Type A) or, in the case of p(R), by 4 base pairs (Type A'). A different inverted repeat operator sequence (Type B) is proposed for the binding sites on each side of the central site at p(R). Thus, CI appears to recognize two distinct DNA sequences. CI binds cooperatively to adjacent operators, and binding at p(R) is strongly dependent on these cooperative interactions. A high order CI multimer appears to be the active DNA binding species, even at single operators.

‣ TherMos: Estimating protein-DNA binding energies from in vivo binding profiles

Sun, W.; Hu, X.; Lim, M. H. K.; Ng, C. K. L.; Choo, S. H.; Castro, D. S.; Drechsel, D.; Guillemot, F.; Kolatkar, P. R.; Jauch, R.; Prabhakar, S.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/03/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
77.540195%
Accurately characterizing transcription factor (TF)-DNA affinity is a central goal of regulatory genomics. Although thermodynamics provides the most natural language for describing the continuous range of TF-DNA affinity, traditional motif discovery algorithms focus instead on classification paradigms that aim to discriminate 'bound' and 'unbound' sequences. Moreover, these algorithms do not directly model the distribution of tags in ChIP-seq data. Here, we present a new algorithm named Thermodynamic Modeling of ChIP-seq (TherMos), which directly estimates a position-specific binding energy matrix (PSEM) from ChIP-seq/exo tag profiles. In cross-validation tests on seven genome-wide TF-DNA binding profiles, one of which we generated via ChIP-seq on a complex developing tissue, TherMos predicted quantitative TF-DNA binding with greater accuracy than five well-known algorithms. We experimentally validated TherMos binding energy models for Klf4 and Esrrb, using a novel protocol to measure PSEMs in vitro. Strikingly, our measurements revealed strong non-additivity at multiple positions within the two PSEMs. Among the algorithms tested, only TherMos was able to model the entire binding energy landscape of Klf4 and Esrrb. Our study reveals new insights into the energetics of TF-DNA binding in vivo and provides an accurate first-principles approach to binding energy inference from ChIP-seq and ChIP-exo data.; Agency for Science...

‣ Construção de linhagens mutantes de Salmonella enterica Typhimurium para genes codificadores de proteínas ligantes de DNA : avaliação de características fenotípicas; Construction of mutant strains of Salmonella enterica Typhimurium for genes encoding DNA-binding proteins : evaluation of phenotypic characteristics

Tamires Fernanda Vilas Boas Cordeiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
77.6251%
Salmonella enterica é um dos patógenos de origem alimentar mais prevalente. É uma bactéria gram-negativa, pertencente à família Enterobacteriaceae, intracelular facultativa, não formadora de esporo, anaeróbia facultativa, capaz de infectar animais incluindo o homem. Geralmente é adquirida por meio de alimentos contaminados com tal micro-organismo e pode causar em humanos gastroenterite e bacteremia. O presente trabalho propõe a construção de linhagens mutantes de S. enterica Typhimurium para genes codificadores de proteínas associadas ao nucleóide (NAPs - Nucleoid-Associated Proteins). Tais proteínas auxiliam no enovelamento do DNA, permitindo que o cromossomo bacteriano seja compactado, além disso também influenciam na regulação transcricional de genes, em especial daqueles que respondem a mudanças ambientais. As NAPs são numerosas e o estudo desse grupo é bastante importante, pois vários esclarecimentos ainda precisam ser feitos a respeito de grande parte dessas proteínas. Dados recentes do nosso grupo de pesquisa têm demonstrado que mutantes nulos de S. enterica Typhimurium para genes codificadores de NAPs são atenuados quanto à virulência e capazes de induzir proteção no modelo murino de infecção. Esses resultados demonstram o importante papel de tais proteínas na virulência bacteriana. Assim...

‣ Predicting Target DNA Sequences of DNA-Binding Proteins Based on Unbound Structures

Chen, Chien-Yu; Chien, Ting-Ying; Lin, Chih-Kang; Lin, Chih-Wei; Weng, Yi-Zhong; Chang, Darby Tien-Hao
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/02/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.006157%
DNA-binding proteins such as transcription factors use DNA-binding domains (DBDs) to bind to specific sequences in the genome to initiate many important biological functions. Accurate prediction of such target sequences, often represented by position weight matrices (PWMs), is an important step to understand many biological processes. Recent studies have shown that knowledge-based potential functions can be applied on protein-DNA co-crystallized structures to generate PWMs that are considerably consistent with experimental data. However, this success has not been extended to DNA-binding proteins lacking co-crystallized structures. This study aims at investigating the possibility of predicting the DNA sequences bound by DNA-binding proteins from the proteins' unbound structures (structures of the unbound state). Given an unbound query protein and a template complex, the proposed method first employs structure alignment to generate synthetic protein-DNA complexes for the query protein. Once a complex is available, an atomic-level knowledge-based potential function is employed to predict PWMs characterizing the sequences to which the query protein can bind. The evaluation of the proposed method is based on seven DNA-binding proteins, which have structures of both DNA-bound and unbound forms for prediction as well as annotated PWMs for validation. Since this work is the first attempt to predict target sequences of DNA-binding proteins from their unbound structures...

‣ Interaction of two sequence-specific single-stranded DNA-binding proteins with an essential region of the beta-casein gene promoter is regulated by lactogenic hormones.

Altiok, S; Groner, B
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1993 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.96094%
Transcription of the beta-casein gene in mammary epithelial cells is regulated by the lactogenic hormones insulin, glucocorticoids, and prolactin. The DNA sequence elements in the promoter which confer the action of the hormones on the transcriptional machinery and the nuclear proteins binding to this region have been investigated. We found that 221 nucleotides of promoter sequence 5' of the RNA start site are sufficient to mediate the induction of a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene in transfected HC11 mammary epithelial cells. Deletion of 5' sequences to position -183 results in a construct with enhanced basal activity which still retains inducibility. A -170 beta-casein promoter-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase construct has very low transcriptional activity, which indicates the presence of a negative regulatory in the region between -221 and -183 and a positive regulatory element between -183 and -170. Band shift analysis showed that the promoter region between -194 and -163 specifically binds two nuclear proteins. The proteins are sequence-specific, single-stranded DNA-binding proteins which exclusively recognize the upper DNA strand and most likely play a repressing role in transcription. DNA binding activity of these nuclear proteins was observed only in nuclear extracts from mammary glands of mice in late pregnancy and postlactation...