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‣ Epidemiologia do beber pesado e beber pesado episódico no Brasil: uma revisão sistemática da literatura; Epidemiology of heavy drinking and heavy episodic drinking in Brazil: a systematic review of literature

SILVEIRA, Camila Magalhães; SILVEIRA, Clóvis Castanho; SILVA, Janaina Guzzardi da; SILVEIRA, Lígia Magalhães; ANDRADE, Arthur Guerra de; ANDRADE, Laura Helena Silveira Guerra de
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.866855%
CONTEXTO: O beber pesado episódico (BPE) tem sido fortemente associado a danos e a uma carga social consideráveis. OBJETIVOS: Este estudo tem como finalidade avaliar o panorama brasileiro a partir de aspectos sociodemográficos, fatores individuais e sociais relacionados ao beber pesado. MÉTODOS: A busca de artigos científicos foi realizada com base em um programa de computador nos principais bancos de dados científicos. RESULTADOS: Os homens beberam pesado mais freqüentemente que as mulheres. O beber pesado episódico foi mais prevalente em adolescentes e adultos jovens, e a prevalência tende a diminuir com o aumento da idade. As condições socioeconômicas parecem ter um efeito sobre o beber pesado. O início precoce do beber pesado esteve associado com história de dependência do álcool na vida adulta. O beber pesado episódico esteve associado ao uso concomitante de outras substâncias psicoativas. Os fatores de risco para BPE incluíram atividades sociais e disponibilidade de dinheiro. A pressão dos pares mostrou influenciar mais do que o suporte parental especialmente no final de adolescência. O BP também variou de acordo com a cultura, com mais episódios de BP no Sul em comparação com o Norte do País. CONCLUSÕES: Uma variedade de aspectos sociodemográficos e individuais associados ao beber pesado foi identificada. Porém...

‣ Gender differences in drinking patterns and alcohol-related problems in a community sample in Sao Paulo, Brazil

Silveira, Camila Magalhaes; Siu, Erica Rosanna; Wang, Yuan-Pang; Viana, Maria Carmen; de Andrade, Arthur Guerra; Andrade, Laura Helena
Fonte: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO Publicador: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.8906%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate drinking patterns and gender differences in alcohol-related problems in a Brazilian population, with an emphasis on the frequency of heavy drinking. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a probability adult household sample (n = 1,464) in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Alcohol intake and ICD-10 psychopathology diagnoses were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 1.1. The analyses focused on the prevalence and determinants of 12-month non-heavy drinking, heavy episodic drinking (4-5 drinks per occasion), and heavy and frequent drinking (heavy drinking at least 3 times/week), as well as associated alcohol-related problems according to drinking patterns and gender. RESULTS: Nearly 22% (32.4% women, 8.7% men) of the subjects were lifetime abstainers, 60.3% were non-heavy drinkers, and 17.5% reported heavy drinking in a 12-month period (26.3% men, 10.9% women). Subjects with the highest frequency of heavy drinking reported the most problems. Among subjects who did not engage in heavy drinking, men reported more problems than did women. A gender convergence in the amount of problems was observed when considering heavy drinking patterns. Heavy and frequent drinkers were twice as likely as abstainers to present lifetime depressive disorders. Lifetime nicotine dependence was associated with all drinking patterns. Heavy and frequent drinking was not restricted to young ages. CONCLUSIONS: Heavy and frequent episodic drinking was strongly associated with problems in a community sample from the largest city in Latin America. Prevention policies should target this drinking pattern...

‣ Gender differences in drinking patterns and alcohol-related problems in a community sample in São Paulo, Brazil

Silveira, Camila Magalhães; Siu, Erica Rosanna; Wang, Yuan-Pang; Viana, Maria Carmen; Andrade, Arthur Guerra de; Andrade, Laura Helena
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.879902%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate drinking patterns and gender differences in alcohol-related problems in a Brazilian population, with an emphasis on the frequency of heavy drinking. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a probability adult household sample (n = 1,464) in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Alcohol intake and ICD-10 psychopathology diagnoses were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 1.1. The analyses focused on the prevalence and determinants of 12-month nonheavy drinking, heavy episodic drinking (4-5 drinks per occasion), and heavy and frequent drinking (heavy drinking at least 3 times/week), as well as associated alcohol-related problems according to drinking patterns and gender. RESULTS: Nearly 22% (32.4% women, 8.7% men) of the subjects were lifetime abstainers, 60.3% were non-heavy drinkers, and 17.5% reported heavy drinking in a 12-month period (26.3% men, 10.9% women). Subjects with the highest frequency of heavy drinking reported the most problems. Among subjects who did not engage in heavy drinking, men reported more problems than did women. A gender convergence in the amount of problems was observed when considering heavy drinking patterns. Heavy and frequent drinkers were twice as likely as abstainers to present lifetime depressive disorders. Lifetime nicotine dependence was associated with all drinking patterns. Heavy and frequent drinking was not restricted to young ages. CONCLUSIONS: Heavy and frequent episodic drinking was strongly associated with problems in a community sample from the largest city in Latin America. Prevention policies should target this drinking pattern...

‣ A population-based study on binge drinking among elderly Brazilian men: evidence from the Belo Horizonte and Bambuí health surveys

Prais,Hugo A C; Loyola Filho,Antônio Ignácio de; Firmo,Josélia O A; Lima-Costa,Maria Fernanda; Uchoa,Elizabeth
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.784495%
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with binge drinking in two populations of older adults (≥ 60 years). METHOD: A random sample of 685 subjects in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte (4.4 million inhabitants) and 643 subjects (92.7% from total residents) in Bambuí City (15,000 inhabitants), both in Southeast Brazil, participated in the study. The dependent variable was binge drinking (≥ 5 drinks on a single occasion in the last 30 days), and independent variables included sociodemographic characteristics, social network, health conditions and use of health services. RESULTS: The prevalence of binge drinking was higher in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte (27.0%) than in Bambuí (13.7%). In the multivariate analysis, worse self-rated health was the only variable associated with binge drinking in both populations (Prevalence ratios [PR] 0.62; 95%CI 0.45-0.85 and 0.57; (0.40-0.83), respectively). On the other hand, two important differences were found: 1) in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, binge drinking was associated with higher school level [8+ years] (PR = 1.55; 95%CI 1.07-2.26) and functional disability (PR = 0.12); 95%CI (0.02-0.83) 2) in Bambuí, binge drinking was associated with being divorced or separated (PR = 2.49; 95%CI 1.55-3.99). CONCLUSIONS: Among older adults...

‣ Gender differences in drinking patterns and alcohol-related problems in a community sample in São Paulo, Brazil

Silveira,Camila Magalhães; Siu,Erica Rosanna; Wang,Yuan-Pang; Viana,Maria Carmen; Andrade,Arthur Guerra de; Andrade,Laura Helena
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.879902%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate drinking patterns and gender differences in alcohol-related problems in a Brazilian population, with an emphasis on the frequency of heavy drinking. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a probability adult household sample (n = 1,464) in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Alcohol intake and ICD-10 psychopathology diagnoses were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 1.1. The analyses focused on the prevalence and determinants of 12-month nonheavy drinking, heavy episodic drinking (4-5 drinks per occasion), and heavy and frequent drinking (heavy drinking at least 3 times/week), as well as associated alcohol-related problems according to drinking patterns and gender. RESULTS: Nearly 22% (32.4% women, 8.7% men) of the subjects were lifetime abstainers, 60.3% were non-heavy drinkers, and 17.5% reported heavy drinking in a 12-month period (26.3% men, 10.9% women). Subjects with the highest frequency of heavy drinking reported the most problems. Among subjects who did not engage in heavy drinking, men reported more problems than did women. A gender convergence in the amount of problems was observed when considering heavy drinking patterns. Heavy and frequent drinkers were twice as likely as abstainers to present lifetime depressive disorders. Lifetime nicotine dependence was associated with all drinking patterns. Heavy and frequent drinking was not restricted to young ages. CONCLUSIONS: Heavy and frequent episodic drinking was strongly associated with problems in a community sample from the largest city in Latin America. Prevention policies should target this drinking pattern...

‣ An analysis of the determinants of microbial contamination of drinking water in First Nations communities of Northern and Southern Ontario

Gray, Roger
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.850586%
Well publicized cases of drinking water contamination in First Nations communities in Ontario throughout the 1990s the first five years of the twentieth century have brought the issue of drinking water contamination in First Nations communities to the public’s attention. The most common form of drinking water contamination in First Nations reserves is microbial contamination. While cases of drinking water contamination have been reported in both northern and southern Ontario over the last decade and a half, it is unclear whether the nature and/or severity of drinking water contamination differs between First Nations communities in southern Ontario and more isolated communities in northern Ontario. In this document the cause(s) and the extent of microbial contamination of drinking water in two First Nations communities in southern Ontario and two First Nations communities in northern Ontario are examined and compared. The actions taken to address the drinking water contamination at all levels of government are also examined and compared between the communities in northern and southern Ontario. The results of this analysis suggest that while First Nations on southern Ontario appear to be more prone to drinking water contamination due to development and population pressure outside of the reserve...

‣ Are endocrine disrupting compounds a health risk in drinking water?

Falconer, I.
Fonte: Molecular Diversity Preservation International Publicador: Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.802046%
There has been a great deal of international discussion on the nature and relevance of endocrine disrupting compounds in the environment. Changes in reproductive organs of fish and mollusks have been demonstrated in rivers downstream of sewage discharges in Europe and in North America, which have been attributed to estrogenic compounds in the effluent. The anatomical and physiological changes in the fauna are illustrated by feminization of male gonads. The compounds of greatest hormonal activity in sewage effluent are the natural estrogens 17β-estradiol, estrone, estriol and the synthetic estrogen ethinylestradiol. Androgens are also widely present in wastewaters. Investigations of anthropogenic chemical contaminants in freshwaters and wastewaters have shown a wide variety of organic compounds, many of which have low levels of estrogenic activity. In many highly populated countries the drinking water is sourced from the same rivers and lakes that are the recipients of sewage and industrial discharge. The River Thames which flows through London, England, has overall passed through drinking water and sewage discharge 5 times from source to mouth of the river. Under these types of circumstance, any accumulation of endocrine disrupting compounds from sewage or industry potentially affects the quality of drinking water. Neither basic wastewater treatment nor basic drinking water treatment will eliminate the estrogens...

‣ WESTERN DRINKING NORMS: ARE THEY ROOTED IN ROMAN AND BARBARIAN ANTIQUITY ?

Engs, Ruth C.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Outros
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.840847%
This is a working paper on the development of a model of the origins of drinking patterns in Western Europe from antiquity. Related articles on origins of drinking patterns and attitudes in western Europe from antiquity, its continued influence on modern society including American Prohibition cycles, alcohol control policies, attitudes and beverage preferences due to religion, climate, and European homeland can be found at the following IUScholarWorks links: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17452; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17143; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17139; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17145; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17149; In antiquity distinctly different drinking norms developed in Western Europe. The southern, or Mediterranean, wine drinking culture viewed wine as a normal part of the daily diet and cultivated the vine. The northern, or Nordic, culture viewed alcohol with ambivalence (extreme heavy drinking vs. abstinence) and consumed and manufactured grain based beer and spirits. Expansion of the Roman Empire brought the Southern wine drinking norm to West Central Europe. As these areas became Romanized, they adopted urbanization and Mediterranean wine-drinking patterns. After the decline of the Western Roman Empire, the oldest provinces - which retained Roman culture and language - also retained Mediterranean norms. Romanized areas such as Gaul integrated some aspects of northern drinking into the predominantly southern patterns as a result of the Germanic invasions and evolved a blended pattern of both wine and grain based beverages. The Nordic/Germanic areas...

‣ COLLEGE STUDENT DRINKING PATTERNS OVER TIME: 1974-1983

Engs, Ruth C.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.829736%
Other research papers on this topic can be found at:: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17130/browse?type=dateissued; https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17127/browse?type=dateissued and https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17124/browse?type=dateissued Further information about the questionnaire, calculations used for the study, and the original data base can be found in the following item records within IUScholarworks repository. Details about the reliability and validity of the SAQ are found at: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17154; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17181. The SAQ and AAQ used in this study are found at: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17208 The classic1975 copy of the SAQ is found at http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17153. ALL QUESTIONNAIRES developed by Engs are found in the repository at: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17141/browse?type=dateissued; The PURPOSE of this study was to determine if there had been changes in drinking patterns and problems related to alcohol over time in relationship to demographic variables which have been shown to have an association with alcohol use and abuse. METHODS: A survey of 6115 college students from every contiguous state was conducted during the 1982-3 academic year. A sub-sample of the same...

‣ DRINKING PATTERNS OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS OVER A SEVEN YEAR TIME PERIOD: The Effect of Raising the Drinking Age

Engs, Ruth C.; Hanson, David J.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81694%
This record contains an expanded and a condensed version of the paper. Other research papers on student drinking can be found at:: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17130/browse?type=dateissued; https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17127/browse?type=dateissued and https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17124/browse?type=dateissued. Further information about the questionnaire, calculations used for the study, and the original data base can be found in the following item records within IUScholarworks repository. Details about the reliability and validity of the SAQ are found at: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17154; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17181. The classic SAQ is found at http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17153. ALL QUESTIONNAIRES developed by Engs are found in the repository at: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17141/browse?type=dateissued; The PURPOSE of this study was to examine drinking patterns and problems of a sample of college students from throughout the United States over three time periods to determine possible changes in patterns due to changes public policies. METHODS: Student were administered the Student Alcohol Questionnaire (SAQ) at the same 56 colleges that had participated in the study during 1982-3 (N=3145)...

‣ DRINKING GAMES AMONG MODERATE AND HEAVY DRINKERS: INFLUENCE OF DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES

Engs, Ruth C.; Hanson, David J.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.859194%
Other research papers on student drinking can be found at:: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17130/browse?type=title; https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17127/browse?type=title and https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17124/browse?type=title. Further information about the questionnaire, calculations used for the study, and the original data base can be found in the following item records within IUScholarworks repository. Details about the reliability and validity of the SAQ are found at: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17154; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17181. The classic1975 copy of the SAQ is found at http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17153. ALL QUESTIONNAIRES developed by Engs are found in the repository at: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17141/browse?type=dateissued; PURPOSE: the purpose of the study was to determine possible association of playing drinking games on alcohol consumption and problems related to drinking. Another purpose was to examine the effect drinking game playing of light-moderate and of heavy ???binge??? drinking students by demographic variables. METHODS: a national sample of 3,830 students from 62 American colleges and universities during the 1990-1991 academic year, using the Student Alcohol Questionnaire...

‣ IS PUBLIC POLICY EFFECTIVE IN REDUCING THE DRINKING PROBLEMS of AMERICAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ?

Engs, Ruth C.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.873718%
Other research papers on college student drinking and public policy can be found at:: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17130/browse?type=title; https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17127/browse?type=title and https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17124/browse?type=title. Further information about the questionnaire, calculations used for the study, and the original data base can be found in the following item records within IUScholarworks repository. Details about the reliability and validity of the SAQ are found at: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17154; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17181. The classic SAQ is found at http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17153. ALL QUESTIONNAIRES developed by Engs are found in the repository at: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17141/browse?type=dateissued; PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine differences in drinking and driving, health and school, and legal and social problems of collegians related to drinking at four time periods covering the decade from 1982-1991. This study is part of a long term study of college students drinking patterns and problems by the author and David J. Hanson, SUNY, Potsdam NY. METHODS: a cross sectional design was used. Students were administered the Student Alcohol Questionnaire during each time periods. This highly reliable questionnaire (r=.79) contains 6 items on drinking patterns...

‣ LEGISLATION DRINKING NORMS: THEIR IMPACT ON COLLEGIATE DRINKING; Legislative drinking norms: A theoretical and empirical analyses of their effect on collegiate drinking

Engs, Ruth C.; Hanson, David J.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81694%
Other research papers underage and other college students drinking patterns can be found at:: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17130/browse?type=title; https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17127/browse?type=title and https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17124/browse?type=title. Further information about the questionnaire, calculations used for the study, and the original data base can be found in the following item records within IUScholarworks repository. Details about the reliability and validity of the SAQ are found at: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17154; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17181. The classic SAQ is found at http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17153. ALL QUESTIONNAIRES developed by Engs are found in the repository at: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17141/browse?type=dateissued; BACKGROUND: Researchers in the behavioral sciences have found that telling people not to do something often produces the opposite reaction. People value their sense of freedom and autonomy and like to project an image of self-control. Reactance theory suggests that whenever people believe their freedom either has, or will be, threatened they enter into a reactance motivational state and act to regain control by not complying. University students throughout the centuries have consumed alcoholic beverages.Since July of 1987...

‣ ROMANIZATION AND DRINKING NORMS: A MODEL TO EXPLAIN DIFFERENCES IN WESTERN SOCIETY

Engs, Ruth C.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.81694%
Model to explain the etiology of southern and northern European drinking cultures and norms and the influence of the Roman Empire. Related articles on origins of drinking patterns and attitudes in western Europe from antiquity, its continued influence on modern society including American Prohibition cycles, alcohol control policies, attitudes and beverage preferences due to religion, climate, and European homeland can be found at the following IUScholarWorks links:http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17452 ; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17143; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17145; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17148; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17149; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17485; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17484; A striking difference in drinking practices and attitudes between various western cultures and nations, particularly in western Europe between the north and south is found.. These differences do not appear to be just a modern phenomenon. The purpose of this paper is to propose a model which explains the origins of these divergent cultural norm in modern western European society and the influence of the Roman Empire. From antiquity, distinctly different practices and attitudes concerning alcohol consumption developed in the northern and in the Mediterranean areas of western Europe. During the expansion of the Roman Empire...

‣ Boozing and brawling on campus: A national study of violent problems associated with drinking over the past decade

Engs, Ruth C.; Hanson, David J.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.802046%
This is the post-print version of an article published in JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE and found at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0047235294901112. DOI: 10.1016/0047-2352(94)90111-2; Other research PUBLICATIONS and PAPERS on university students drinking, drug use and health concerns and behaviors can be found at: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17130/browse?type=title; https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17127/browse?type=title and https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17124/browse?type=title. Further information about the questionnaire, calculations, and the original data base used can be found in the following item records within IUScholarworks repository. Details about the reliability and validity of the SAQ are found at: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17337; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17154; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17181. The classic 1975 copy of the SAQ is found at http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17153. ALL QUESTIONNAIRES developed by Engs are found in the repository at: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17141/browse?type=dateissued; BACKGROUND :An increase in alcohol-related violent crime in the United States since the early 1980s has been found. Concomitantly there has been a decrease in per capita consumption of alcohol. Cultural Theory suggests that students will follow the trends of society in terms of behaviors such as alcohol consumption and violence related to drinking. Subcultural Theory...

‣ A Handbook for Gram Panchayats : To Help Them Plan, Implement, Operate, Maintain and Manage Drinking Water Security

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.829736%
The Department of Drinking Water Supply (DDWS), Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India launched the National Rural Drinking Water Program (NRDWP) on 1st April, 2009. The NRDWP builds on experiences gained through past efforts by many stakeholders and brings all existing rural drinking water initiatives under a single program. The focus of the NRDWP is to ensure drinking water security for all rural citizens in India. Drinking water security means providing every rural person with enough safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic needs at all times and in all situations, including periods of drought and flood and for livestock. The Gram Panchayats (GP), as leaders and representatives of the community, has to take the lead in achieving this goal of drinking water security. The Gram Panchayats, through Village Water and Sanitation Committees (VWSCs), have to mobilize communities, educate them and ensure they get the necessary training and technical support to achieve drinking water security. The gram Sabha is the main platform for taking decisions and approving plans. The handbook seeks to serve as a quick reference for GP and VWSC on how to plan...

‣ Motivational model of problem drinking for men and women /

Newman, Kristin Leann.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.919219%
This thesis tested a path model of the relationships of reasons for drinking and reasons for limiting drinking with consumption of alcohol and drinking problems. It was hypothesized that reasons for drinking would be composed of positively and negatively reinforcing reasons, and that reasons for limiting drinking would be composed of personal and social reasons. Problem drinking was operationalized as consisting of two factors, consumption and drinking problems, with a positive relationship between the two. It was predicted that positively and negatively reinforcing reasons for drinking would be associated with heavier consumption and, in turn, more drinking problems, through level of consumption. Negatively reinforcing reasons were also predicted to be associated with drinking problems directly, independent of level of consumption. It was hypothesized that reasons for limiting drinking would be associated with lower levels of consumption and would be related to fewer drinking problems, through level of consumption. Finally, among women, reasons for limiting drinking were expected to be associated with drinking problems directly, independent of level of consumption. The sample, was taken from the second phase of the Niagara Young Aduh Health Study...

‣ Gender differences in drinking patterns and alcohol-related problems in a community sample in São Paulo, Brazil

Silveira, Camila Magalhães; Siu, Erica Rosanna; Wang, Yuan-Pang; Viana, Maria Carmen; Andrade, Arthur Guerra de; Andrade, Laura Helena
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.879902%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate drinking patterns and gender differences in alcohol-related problems in a Brazilian population, with an emphasis on the frequency of heavy drinking. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a probability adult household sample (n = 1,464) in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Alcohol intake and ICD-10 psychopathology diagnoses were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 1.1. The analyses focused on the prevalence and determinants of 12-month nonheavy drinking, heavy episodic drinking (4-5 drinks per occasion), and heavy and frequent drinking (heavy drinking at least 3 times/week), as well as associated alcohol-related problems according to drinking patterns and gender. RESULTS: Nearly 22% (32.4% women, 8.7% men) of the subjects were lifetime abstainers, 60.3% were non-heavy drinkers, and 17.5% reported heavy drinking in a 12-month period (26.3% men, 10.9% women). Subjects with the highest frequency of heavy drinking reported the most problems. Among subjects who did not engage in heavy drinking, men reported more problems than did women. A gender convergence in the amount of problems was observed when considering heavy drinking patterns. Heavy and frequent drinkers were twice as likely as abstainers to present lifetime depressive disorders. Lifetime nicotine dependence was associated with all drinking patterns. Heavy and frequent drinking was not restricted to young ages. CONCLUSIONS: Heavy and frequent episodic drinking was strongly associated with problems in a community sample from the largest city in Latin America. Prevention policies should target this drinking pattern...

‣ Epidemiologia do beber pesado e beber pesado episódico no Brasil: uma revisão sistemática da literatura; Epidemiology of heavy drinking and heavy episodic drinking in Brazil: a systematic review of literature

Silveira, Camila Magalhães; Silveira, Clóvis Castanho; Silva, Janaina Guzzardi da; Silveira, Lígia Magalhães; Andrade, Arthur Guerra de; Andrade, Laura Helena Silveira Guerra de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.866855%
CONTEXTO: O beber pesado episódico (BPE) tem sido fortemente associado a danos e a uma carga social consideráveis. OBJETIVOS: Este estudo tem como finalidade avaliar o panorama brasileiro a partir de aspectos sociodemográficos, fatores individuais e sociais relacionados ao beber pesado. MÉTODOS: A busca de artigos científicos foi realizada com base em um programa de computador nos principais bancos de dados científicos. RESULTADOS: Os homens beberam pesado mais freqüentemente que as mulheres. O beber pesado episódico foi mais prevalente em adolescentes e adultos jovens, e a prevalência tende a diminuir com o aumento da idade. As condições socioeconômicas parecem ter um efeito sobre o beber pesado. O início precoce do beber pesado esteve associado com história de dependência do álcool na vida adulta. O beber pesado episódico esteve associado ao uso concomitante de outras substâncias psicoativas. Os fatores de risco para BPE incluíram atividades sociais e disponibilidade de dinheiro. A pressão dos pares mostrou influenciar mais do que o suporte parental especialmente no final de adolescência. O BP também variou de acordo com a cultura, com mais episódios de BP no Sul em comparação com o Norte do País. CONCLUSÕES: Uma variedade de aspectos sociodemográficos e individuais associados ao beber pesado foi identificada. Porém...

‣ Alcohol consumption and binge drinking among health college students; Consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e prática do binge drinking entre acadêmicos da área da saúde

Nunes, Jaceilde Mendes; Campolina, Ludmilla Rodrigues; Vieira, Maria Aparecida; Caldeira, Antônio Prates
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
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BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse, even occasionally, among college students has the potential to pose a major public health problem. OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence of alcohol consumption among health college students as well as the prevalence and factors associated with binge drinking in this population. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a representative sample of health college students of a public university in the North of Minas Gerais, Brazil. A structured questionnaire, including questions validated for self-assessment, which ensured confidentiality of responses, was used. The association between variables was examined using the chi-square test, assuming a significance level of 5% (p < 0.05). The magnitude of the association was measured with the prevalence ratio (PR). RESULTS: Four hundred and seventy-four questionnaires were analyzed. The prevalence of drinking alcoholic beverages among the sample of the study was 71.5% (n = 339) and the one of binge drinking 15.6% (n = 74). Male sex (PR = 2.44, 95% CI 1.59 to 3.73) and not reporting a religious affiliation (PR = 2.29, 95% CI 1.28 to 4.09) were significantly associated with the practice of binge drinking. DISCUSSION: The observed rates of alcohol consumption and binge drinking are significantly high and require specific strategies from managers of educational institutions to get this problem under control.; CONTEXTO: O abuso do álcool...