funded by the Delaware Department of Transportation; The purpose of this working paper is to document the research on the roles of responsibility and
options for improving pedestrian lighting in unincorporated areas in Delaware. As a result of
northern Delaware’s unique location within the Northeast corridor and southern Delaware’s
tourist attractions and beaches, transportation challenges will revolve around improving current
infrastructure to adapt and accommodate multiple modes of transportation in the 21st century. A
road network that is accessible and integrated with bus routes, pedestrian connections, bike lanes,
and rail transport is a network that will be well positioned to handle northern Delaware’s
growing demand for efficient transportation systems. Unincorporated areas of Kent and Sussex
Counties will require enhancements to transportation networks as Delaware’s population
expands from urban northern Delaware to the more suburban and rural southern areas of the
state. While pedestrian-lighting is desirable, there are several issues regarding lighting
responsibilities within unincorporated areas of Delaware that include the following:
• Determining options for fixture-styles
• Financing capital costs for the purchase of poles and fixtures
• Installing and maintaining the fixtures over the long term
• Light-pollution mitigation
• Financing annual maintenance costs and improvements
This working paper reviews current practices in Delaware...
Peuquet, Steven W.; Throughout the 21st century the state of Delaware will face challenges with regard to how to provide much needed public services and infrastructure to an ever-growing and decentralized population base. Development of Delaware land must occur in conjunction with targeted infrastructure investment in order to maximize the utility of every tax dollar. This thesis examines the need to integrate land development in Delaware with an important type of public infrastructure, the transportation system. Three important questions related to transportation and land use integration are examined: 1) What are current best practices concerning transportation and land use integration in Delaware? 2) What is the extent of transportation and land use integration in Delaware? 3) How can transportation and land use integration be enhanced in Delaware? The methodology used to answer the research questions was a conference call interview conducted with policy officials throughout Delaware. Responses to questions were recorded and recommendations moving forward were provided based on extensive literature review and research as well as from feedback ascertained through the interviews.; University of Delaware, Department of Urban Affairs and Public Policy; M.A.
Between September 1998 and June 1999, CHAD students and staff documented
eight properties located throughout the state, including a kitchen/slave quarter, a
nineteenth century urban commercial block, several farm dwellings, a Methodist church,
and a log stable. Sites were documented in all three counties in Delaware, in both urban
and rural settings.
The Charles I. du Pont Tenant Farm House stands today as an example of a finely detailed, mid-to-late eighteenth century rural dwelling. Although architectural evidence suggests that a member of Kent County's rural elite built the dwelling, the farm served from an early date as a tenant property. Outbuildings on the farm date primarily from the late nineteenth and early
twentieth century, when the du Pont family owned the property. The farm complex provides an excellent example of the use of agricultural tenancy as a strategy for generating income, particularly in its connection with the dairy industry.
The Hayes-Campbell Tenant House, which dates to the third quarter of the nineteenth century, is significant as one of the few remnants of Bombay Hook’s nineteenth century agricultural landscape. Secondly, it is significant for its framing system, which combines elements of heavy braced-frame construction with lighter balloon-frame construction.
The John T. Simmons Farmstead is locally significant in terms of mid-to-late nineteenth century agriculture and architecture. The dwelling provides an excellent example of the mid-nineteenth century rebuilding of rural Delaware when agricultural reforms coincided with construction of new dwellings and outbuildings, and also with expansion and improvement of existing buildings. The agricultural outbuildings in the complex, particularly the drive-through crib/granary and dairy barn, contribute to the significance of the property as architectural expressions of the evolution of agriculture in the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Veness, April R.; Georgetown, Delaware has undergone several significant changes in its population over the past thirty years. An influx of retirees and more significantly of immigrants from Latin America have caused population growth and changes in the racial composition of the town. These changes have caused modifications in the landscape and place identities of various spaces throughout the town. By utilizing a mixed methods approach this study sought to understand how various residents within Georgetown of various ages, and racial backgrounds look at and experience. Photo elicitation interviews revealed that many participants felt they were excluded from spaces in which their racial group did not hold a majority, and felt most comfortable in space where they held the majority. Georgetown is in a contest over how public space is envisioned and used, and this contest is reaching a critical point. The winners of this contest will play a defining role in the landscape identity of Georgetown.; University of Delaware, Department of Geography; M.A.
In 1862 a tax was enacted through an Executive Order on Aug 11, 1862 in order "to provide Internal Revenue to support the Government and to pay interest on the Public Debt". Individuals with an income of over $600 were liable to be taxed. In addition, stamp taxes were assessed for various types of business licenses. Finally, there were taxes assessed on various enumerated items. The following list shows this data, for the residents of Newark in 1863.
Sommerfield, Christopher; This thesis examines patterns and rates of sediment accumulation and tidal marsh accretion in the Murderkill River estuary, Delaware, with special emphasis placed on changes in accumulation rates and sediment physical properties associated with historical land-use practices, such as mosquito ditching. Over 90% of United States Atlantic East coast salt marshes have been ditched to some degree, but little quantitative work has been done to examine the specific effects on marsh sedimentary processes. An understanding how these ditches have affected sediment delivery to and retention on the marsh platform will provide insight into how ditched marshes are likely to respond to changes in sea level, sediment availability and vegetative growth. To investigate historical changes in sediment composition of the marsh sediment column, the specific contributions of mineral and organic solids and water/entrapped gas were determined from measurements of sediment dry-bulk density and loss-on-ignition. Additionally, grain-size analysis was conducted to determine the textural composition of sedimentary particles delivered to the marsh. Downcore profiles of the radionuclides 210Pb and 137Cs were used to determine sediment accumulation and marsh accretion rates...
The Jackson House is located near a major intersection in Hockessin and is significant for. its association with several influential families in the community for over 200 years. These families - the Dixons, the Jacksons and the Garretts - contributed to the development of the village of Hockessin by maintaining large land holdings and operating mining and saw milling facilities in the vicinity. The house is also significant architecturally, documenting the shiR fiom log to stone construction in the early nineteenth century and a stylistic shift to Georgian symmetry.
New Castle County faces increasing challenges in dealing with early twentieth-century properties,
particularly subdivisions, both because previous survey efforts have largely by-passed twentieth-century buildings and because no clear guidelines exist to inform future survey activities. The earliest subdivisions are threatened by modification and buildings within them are at risk from deterioration and demolition as they age and by renovations that compromise architectural integrity.
The current study, conducted by CHAD and funded by the National Park Service through the URCD, initially began with two straight-forward research objectives: 1) to uncover the role of free black communities in the Underground Railroad in Delaware, and 2) to identify the use of water routes to escape from or through the state. As the project evolved, several more goals were added, reflecting some of the issues and complications encountered during the research. These objectives focused primarily on the research methodologies developed in conjunction with the initial goals: 3) to create a methodology for the study of free black communities in Delaware; 4) to develop a strategy for mapping the known data about free black communities and UGRR routes through Delaware; and 5) to identify a list of further research needs. This report is broken into several sections that reflect these objectives. First, the introduction includes a detailed explanation of the methodology developed to study free black communities, as well as identification of some of the common problems with the process and the biasesof the records available. Second, the section on free black communities provides both an overview for the patterns seen across the state and a series of case studies that explore the particular circumstances of five different communities. Each of the case studies addresses the particular issues related to the methodology and sources for that location. The results of the mapping research are incorporated into the overview discussion of free black communities and into a separate section discussing potential routes for freedom-seekers.A final section addresses areas of future research needs.
In response to demographic pressures, changing agricultural practices, and the influence of agricultural reform writers, central Delaware farmers began to develop new strategies for dealing with married agricultural laborers and their families during the nineteenth century. They constructed dwellings specifically designed to house these laborers and established lease-labor arrangements that governed both labor obligations and housing rental. Known as a "house and garden," these buildings typically took the form of one finished room and a rough kitchen shed on the ground floor, with a winder stair leading to a
second room under the roof. Characterized by extremely plain finish on walls and architectural elements, and built tobe easily portable, the dwellings sat on a small plot of ground suitable for a garden and a few animals. Variations in the physical form of the house and garden dwelling include orientation to the road (either gable or elevation), height (1 1/2 or 2 full stories), the number of bays on the front elevation (usually two or three), and the position of a shed (gable end, rear elevation, or none).
The McWhorter House is located on the south side of route 412 approximately miles west of its intersection with route 13 and 1300 feet south of the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal. This nomination only includes that portion of the farmstead containing the yard, house, and outbuildings. The total nominated acreage is 8 acres.
Weston is located on the east side of route 896 and the Pennsylvania railroad tracks approximately .5 mile north of the intersection of routes
896 and 429. The nominated area includes the entire 36 acre parcel remaining from the mid 19th-century farmstead.; St. George's Hundred, Delaware
The Holton Farm is located in cultivated farmland (including the entire 165 acre parcel of the mid 19th-century farmstead) on the east side of route
435 approximately 2 miles northwest of Middletown. The house and outbuildings are set back about one-hundred yards from the road within a yard of dense ornamental plantings. The nominated parcel includes five acres containing all the outbuildings, the house, grounds, and the lane leading in from route 435.
This report is a survey and physical evaluation of historic properties outside of the
National Register of Historic Places Milton Historic District in the Town of Milton, Sussex
County, Delaware (S-1110). The purpose of this report is four-fold: 1) to report the initial
documentation of the historic properties in the form of a cultural resource survey; 2) to identify
the properties potentially eligible for inclusion in an expansion of the existing National Register
district; 3) to identify properties that should be protected for the good of the town by a local
historic zoning ordinance; 4) and to expand the historic background of the survey area into the
late twentieth century and to recognize the roles played by people of color. The Town of Milton
hired the Center for Historic Architecture and Design (CHAD), University of Delaware, to
conduct this survey in two phases, from September 2007 through January 2009. Funding for the
work was provided by the town, a matching funds CLG grant from the Delaware Division of
Historical and Cultural Affairs, and matching funds from CHAD.; Funding for the
work was provided by the Town of Milton, a matching funds CLG grant from the Delaware Division of
Historical and Cultural Affairs...