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‣ Detecção precoce da disfunção diastólica global e regional do ventrículo esquerdo no lúpus eritematoso sistêmico: o papel da ecocardiografia; Early detection of global and regional left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in systemic lupus erythematosus: the role of the echocardiography

TEIXEIRA, Ana Claudia Soares; BONFÁ, Eloisa; HERSKOWICTZ, Nathan; BARBATO, Alfonso Júlio Guedes; BORBA, Eduardo Ferreira
Fonte: Elsevier Editora Ltda Publicador: Elsevier Editora Ltda
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.191094%
INTRODUÇÃO: A ecocardiografia bidimensional é um método de diagnóstico por imagem não invasivo que avalia, de modo eficaz, a função diastólica global e regional do ventrículo esquerdo. O comprometimento da função diastólica ventricular esquerda no lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES) é quase sempre silencioso, sugerindo um estado subclínico de disfunção diastólica. OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem por finalidade demonstrar as diversas técnicas ecocardiográficas para a aferição da função diastólica no LES. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas consecutivamente 50 pacientes com LES e 50 controles do sexo feminino, pareadas por sexo e idade. Os exames foram realizados por dois observadores independentes cujos resultados tiveram concordância. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença significativa da função diastólica global do ventrículo esquerdo entre os grupos, exceto pelo método da velocidade de propagação do fluxo mitral (Vp), que evidenciou diminuição da velocidade de enchimento rápido nas pacientes com LES. Foi detectado maior comprometimento da função diastólica regional nas pacientes com LES, na protodiástole, à altura do anel mitral, mais evidente na porção basal do septo interventricular. CONCLUSÃO: No LES...

‣ Changes in cardiac heparan sulfate proteoglycan expression and streptozotocin-induced diastolic dysfunction in rats

Strunz, Celia MC; Matsuda, Monique; Salemi, Vera MC; Nogueira, Adriana; Mansur, Antonio P; Cestari, Ismar N; Marquezini, Monica V
Fonte: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD Publicador: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.73546%
Background: Changes in the proteoglycans glypican and syndecan-4 have been reported in several pathological conditions, but little is known about their expression in the heart during diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate in vivo heart function changes and alterations in mRNA expression and protein levels of glypican-1 and syndecan-4 in cardiac and skeletal muscles during streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Methods: Diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats by STZ administration. The rats were assigned to one of the following groups: control (sham injection), after 24 hours, 10 days, or 30 days of STZ administration. Echocardiography was performed in the control and STZ 10-day groups. Western and Northern blots were used to quantify protein and mRNA levels in all groups. Immunohistochemistry was performed in the control and 30-day groups to correlate the observed mRNA changes to the protein expression. Results: In vivo cardiac functional analysis performed using echocardiography in the 10-day group showed diastolic dysfunction with alterations in the peak velocity of early (E) diastolic filling and isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) indices. These functional alterations observed in the STZ 10-day group correlated with the concomitant increase in syndecan-4 and glypican-1 protein expression. Cardiac glypican-1 mRNA and skeletal syndecan-4 mRNA and protein levels increased in the STZ 30-day group. On the other hand...

‣ Baroreflex Sensitivity Impairment Is Associated With Cardiac Diastolic Dysfunction in Rats

Mostarda, Cristiano; Moraes-Silva, Ivana Cinthya; Moreira, Edson Dias; Medeiros, Alessandra; Piratello, Aline Cristina; Consolim-Colombo, Fernanda Marciano; Caldini, Elia Garcia; Brum, Patricia Chakur; Krieger, Eduardo Moacyr; Irigoyen, Maria Claudia
Fonte: CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE INC MEDICAL PUBLISHERS Publicador: CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE INC MEDICAL PUBLISHERS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.026562%
Background: Studies have shown that the autonomic dysfunction accompanied by impaired baroreflex sensitivity was associated with higher mortality. However, the influence of decreased baroreflex sensitivity on cardiac function, especially in diastolic function, is not well understood. This study evaluated the morpho-functional changes associated with baroreflex impairment induced by chronic sinoaortic denervation (SAD). Methods and Results: Animals were divided into sinoaortic denervation (SAD) and control (C) groups. Baroreflex sensitivity was evaluated by tachycardic and bradycardic responses, induced by vasoactive drugs. Cardiac function was studied by echocardiography and by left ventricle (LV) catheterization. LV collagen content and the expression of regulatory proteins involved in intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis were quantified. Results showed higher LV mass in SAD versus C animals. Furthermore, an increase in deceleration time of E-wave in the SAD versus the C group (2.14 +/- 0.07 ms vs 1.78 +/- 0.03 ms) was observed. LV end-diastolic pressure was increased and the minimum dP/dt was decreased in the SAD versus the C group (12 +/- 1.5 mm Hg vs 5.3 +/- 0.2 mm Hg and 7,422 +/- 201 vs 4,999 +/- 345 mm Hg/s, respectively). SERCA/NCX ratio was lower in SAD than in control rats. The same was verified in SERCA/PLB ratio. Conclusions: The results suggest that baroreflex dysfunction is associated with cardiac diastolic dysfunction independently of the presence of other risk factors. (J Cardiac Fail 2011;17:519-525); Fundacao Zerbini...

‣ Exercise training prevents diastolic dysfunction induced by metabolic syndrome in rats

Mostarda, Cristiano; Silva, Ivana Cinthya Moraes; Cury Salemi, Vera Maria; Machi, Jacqueline Freire; Rodrigues, Bruno; De Angelis, Katia; Azevedo Farah, Vera de Moura; Irigoyen, Maria Claudia
Fonte: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SÃO PAULO Publicador: HOSPITAL CLINICAS, UNIV SAO PAULO; SÃO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.706177%
OBJECTIVE: High fructose consumption contributes to the incidence of metabolic syndrome and, consequently, to cardiovascular outcomes. We investigated whether exercise training prevents high fructose diet-induced metabolic and cardiac morphofunctional alterations. METHODS: Wistar rats receiving fructose overload (F) in drinking water (100 g/l) were concomitantly trained on a treadmill (FT) for 10 weeks or kept sedentary. These rats were compared with a control group (C). Obesity was evaluated by the Lee index, and glycemia and insulin tolerance tests constituted the metabolic evaluation. Blood pressure was measured directly (Windaq, 2 kHz), and echocardiography was performed to determine left ventricular morphology and function. Statistical significance was determined by one-way ANOVA, with significance set at p<0.05. RESULTS: Fructose overload induced a metabolic syndrome state, as confirmed by insulin resistance (F: 3.6 +/- 0.2 vs. C: 4.5 +/- 0.2 mg/dl/min), hypertension (mean blood pressure, F: 118 +/- 3 vs. C: 104 +/- 4 mmHg) and obesity (F: 0.31 +/- 0.001 vs. C: 0.29 +/- 0.001 g/mm). Interestingly, fructose overload rats also exhibited diastolic dysfunction. Exercise training performed during the period of high fructose intake eliminated all of these derangements. The improvements in metabolic parameters were correlated with the maintenance of diastolic function. CONCLUSION: The role of exercise training in the prevention of metabolic and hemodynamic parameter alterations is of great importance in decreasing the cardiac morbidity and mortality related to metabolic syndrome.

‣ Comparação da função diastólica entre o pré e pós-operatório de pacientes portadores de estenose aórtica ou insuficiência aórtica, baseados em dados bioquímicos e ecocardiográficos; Comparing after and before aortic valve replacement diastolic function in patients with aortic stenosis(AS) or aortic regurgitation(AR)

Boer, Berta Paula Napchan
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/02/2010 Português
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58.00935%
INTRODUÇÃO: Avaliação da função diastólica de pacientes portadores de estenose ou insuficiência aórtica submetidos à troca valvar. OBJETIVOS: Avaliação da função diastólica através da análise do NTpró-BNP como método não invasivo para caracterização da insuficiência cardíaca diastólica, comparando com os dados ecocardiográficos através do Doppler Pulsado em Fluxo Mitral, Doppler Pulsado em Veias Pulmonares e Doppler Tecidual em portadores de IAO e EAO. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 63 pacientes, 32 pacientes com IAO (25 pacientes do sexo masculino e 7 do sexo feminino), 31 pacientes com EAO (11 pacientes do sexo masculino e 20 pacientes do sexo feminino). As variáveis foram comparadas na média entre os pacientes portador de IAO e EAO no pré e pós-operatório. RESULTADOS: A idade dos pacientes variou de 21 a 81 com média de 55 anos. Observa-se diferença quanto à média de idades entre as diferentes patologias (t-Student p< 0,0001). Os pacientes com IAO apresentam uma média de idade igual a 45,7±14,3 com variação entre 21 e 79 anos e os pacientes com EAO apresentam uma média de idade igual a 61,5±14,7 com variação entre 21 e 81 anos. Na IAO em relação à disfunção diastólica tivemos os seguintes dados com significância estatística do pré para o pós-operatório (6 meses): TRIV (p=0...

‣ Associação da disfunção diastólica de origem hipertensiva com a atividade simpática cardíaca e periférica; Association of diastolic dysfunction of hypertensive origin with cardiac and peripheral sympathetic activity

Souza, Silvia Beatriz Paulino Cavasin de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/08/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.146694%
INTRODUÇÂO: A hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) é uma condição clínica com alta prevalência, sendo considerada como o principal fator de risco modificável para o desenvolvimento de insuficiência cardíaca (IC). Dentre os mecanismos relacionados à progressão da HAS para a IC, a hiperatividade simpática e a disfunção endotelial devem ser consideradas. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a modulação do sistema nervoso autônomo (central e periférico), e a função endotelial em pacientes hipertensos com diferentes graus de disfunção diastólica (DD) do ventrículo esquerdo (VE). CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODO: Quarenta e cinco pacientes com HAS, sem outras co-morbidades foram submetidos ao exame de ecoDopplercardiograma tecidual, e foram alocados em três grupos: (GHT) sem alteração funcional ou estrutural cardíacas (n=15, 7 homens, 48±2 anos, IMC 28±1 Kg/m2), (GDD-ar) com diagnóstico prévio de IC diastólica e com DD padrão alteração de relaxamento do VE (n=15, 7 homens, 53±2 anos, IMC 29±1 Kg/m2) e (GDD-pr) com diagnóstico prévio de IC diastólica com padrão pseudonormal ou restritivo de DD do VE (n=15, 9 homens, 51±2 anos, IMC 27±1 Kg/m2). Voluntários saudáveis normotensos (n=14, grupo GNT) pareados para idade, sexo e IMC também foram avaliados. Curvas de pressão arterial (PA) foram registradas de modo contínuo e não invasivo (Finometer®) durante 15 minutos em repouso...

‣ Sensibilidade e especificidade das variáveis ecocardiográficas para o diagnóstico da disfunção diastólica grau 2 (padrão pseudonormal) em obesos mórbidos; Sensitivity and specifity of echocardiographic variables for the diagnosis of grade 2 diastolic dysfunction in morbid obese

Duquia, Fernanda Dotta
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.331406%
Introdução As alterações fisiológicas relacionadas à obesidade podem limitar o diagnóstico de disfunção diastólica por padrão pseudonormal se a avaliação da função diastólica for realizada apenas pelas técnicas tradicionais. O objetivo desse estudo é avaliar a sensibilidade e especificidade de algumas variáveis ecocardiográficas para o diagnóstico de disfunção diastólica por padrão pseudonormal em obesos mórbidos. Métodos Trinta obesos mórbidos com idade < 45 anos foram avaliados através da ecocardiografia transtorácica bidimensional e ecocardiografia com doppler tecidual. Os participantes foram estratificados em dois grupos aqueles com função diastólica normal e aqueles com disfunção diastólica por padrão pseudonormal. Foi realizada descrição da amostra e avaliação da sensibilidade e especificidade de algumas variáveis ecocardiográficas para o diagnóstico de disfunção diastólica por padrão pseudonormal. Resultados De todas as variáveis clínicas, apenas a hipertensão apresentou diferença estatisticamente significativa limítrofe. A variável E/E’ apresentou uma alta sensibilidade para o diagnóstico de padrão pseudonormal, sensibilidade de 100 IC95% (69,2 – 100,0). Devido a baixa especificidade das variáveis ecocardiográficas isoladamente foi criada uma quinta variável (variável Y) que apresentava na categoria de referência os indivíduos que apresentassem DAE <4...

‣ Metabolic changes in diastolic heart failure : a proteomic approach; Alterações metabólicas na insuficiência cardíaca diastólica : uma abordagem protómica

Matos, Júlia Catarina Silva de
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.12889%
Currently, diastolic heart failure (DHF) is recognized an important cause of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity reaching approximately 50% of HF cases. The growing incidence of cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity and overweight are associated with a worse prognosis in patients with cardiovascular disease, prompting the onset of diastolic dysfunction. In fact, currently the adipose tissue is considered an important modulator of cardiac function. Adipokines, pro-inflammatory cytokines and other important substances are released by this tissue and seem to play an important role in the induction of the cardiac dysfunction. Thus, considering the high prevalence of obesity in patients with diastolic dysfunction and lack of information about this relation, the aim of this work is to characterize the profile of substances released by adipose tissue under conditions of DHF, using a proteomic approach. The visceral (VAT) and epicardial (EAT) adipose tissue from obese animals with diastolic HF (n=3, obese ZSF1) with their respective lean controls without diastolic HF (n=3, lean ZSF1) were analysed. Firstly, the optimization of methodology for analysis of tissues proteome was performed, testing three different extraction protocols. The selection of protocol was made considering the larger number of extracted proteins...

‣ Effects of PDE type 5 inhibitors on Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Resistant Hypertension

Faria,Ana Paula Cabral de; Modolo,Rodrigo; Moreno,Beatriz Vaz Domingues; Moreno,Heitor
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.85456%
Resistant hypertension (RHTN) is a multifactorial disease characterized by blood pressure (BP) levels above goal (140/90 mmHg) in spite of the concurrent use of three or more antihypertensive drugs of different classes. Moreover, it is well known that RHTN subjects have high prevalence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), which leads to increased risk of heart failure progression. This review gathers data from studies evaluating the effects of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors (administration of acute sildenafil and short-term tadalafil) on diastolic function, biochemical and hemodynamic parameters in patients with RHTN. Acute study with sildenafil treatment found that inhibition of PDE-5 improved hemodynamic parameters and diastolic relaxation. In addition, short-term study with the use of tadalafil demonstrated improvement of LVDD, cGMP and BNP-32 levels, regardless of BP reduction. No endothelial function changes were observed in the studies. The findings of acute and short-term studies revealed potential therapeutic effects of IPDE-5 drugs on LVDD in RHTN patients.

‣ Exercise training prevents diastolic dysfunction induced by metabolic syndrome in rats

Mostarda,Cristiano; Moraes-Silva,Ivana Cinthya; Salemi,Vera Maria Cury; Machi,Jacqueline Freire; Rodrigues,Bruno; De Angelis,Kátia; Farah,Vera de Moura Azevedo; Irigoyen,Maria Claudia
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.706177%
OBJECTIVE: High fructose consumption contributes to the incidence of metabolic syndrome and, consequently, to cardiovascular outcomes. We investigated whether exercise training prevents high fructose diet-induced metabolic and cardiac morphofunctional alterations. METHODS: Wistar rats receiving fructose overload (F) in drinking water (100 g/l) were concomitantly trained on a treadmill (FT) for 10 weeks or kept sedentary. These rats were compared with a control group (C). Obesity was evaluated by the Lee index, and glycemia and insulin tolerance tests constituted the metabolic evaluation. Blood pressure was measured directly (Windaq, 2 kHz), and echocardiography was performed to determine left ventricular morphology and function. Statistical significance was determined by one-way ANOVA, with significance set at p<0.05. RESULTS: Fructose overload induced a metabolic syndrome state, as confirmed by insulin resistance (F: 3.6 ± 0.2 vs. C: 4.5 ± 0.2 mg/dl/min), hypertension (mean blood pressure, F: 118 ± 3 vs. C: 104 ± 4 mmHg) and obesity (F: 0.31±0.001 vs. C: 0.29 ± 0.001 g/mm). Interestingly, fructose overload rats also exhibited diastolic dysfunction. Exercise training performed during the period of high fructose intake eliminated all of these derangements. The improvements in metabolic parameters were correlated with the maintenance of diastolic function. CONCLUSION: The role of exercise training in the prevention of metabolic and hemodynamic parameter alterations is of great importance in decreasing the cardiac morbidity and mortality related to metabolic syndrome.

‣ Prevalence and Prognosis of Asymptomatic Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Ambulatory Patients With Coronary Heart Disease

Ren, Xiushui; Ristow, Bryan; Na, Beeya; Ali, Sadia; Schiller, Nelson B.; Whooley, Mary A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.437056%
The association of asymptomatic left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction with cardiovascular outcomes in ambulatory patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and no history of heart failure (HF) was examined. LV diastolic HF predicts adverse cardiovascular outcomes. However, the prevalence and prognosis of asymptomatic LV diastolic dysfunction in patients with established CHD in the absence of clinical HF is unknown. Six hundred ninety-three patients with stable CHD, normal systolic function (LV ejection fraction ≥50%), and no history of HF were evaluated. Echocardiography was used to classify LV diastolic function, and Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the association of LV diastolic dysfunction with cardiovascular outcomes during 3 years of follow-up. Of 693 subjects with normal systolic function and no history of HF, 455 (66%) had normal LV diastolic function, 166 (24%) had mild LV diastolic dysfunction, and 72 (10%) had moderate to severe LV diastolic dysfunction. After multivariable adjustment, the presence of moderate to severe LV diastolic dysfunction was strongly predictive of incident hospitalization for HF (hazard ratio 6.3, 95% confidence interval 2.4 to 16.1, p = 0.0003) and death from heart disease (HR 3.9...

‣ Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Dialysis Patients Assessed by Novel Speckle Tracking Strain Rate Analysis: Prevalence and Determinants

de Bie, Mihály K.; Ajmone Marsan, Nina; Gaasbeek, André; Bax, Jeroen J.; Groeneveld, Marc; Gabreels, Bas A.; Delgado, Victoria; Rabelink, Ton J.; Schalij, Martin J.; Jukema, J. Wouter
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.35418%
Background. Diastolic dysfunction is common among dialysis patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Novel echocardiographic speckle tracking strain analysis permits accurate assessment of left ventricular diastolic function, independent of loading conditions and taking all myocardial segments into account. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction in chronic dialysis patients using this novel technique, and to identify its determinants among clinical and echocardiographic variables. Methods. Patients currently enrolled in the ICD2 study protocol were included for this analysis. Next to conventional echo measurements diastolic function was also assessed by global diastolic strain rate during isovolumic relaxation (SRIVR). Results. A total of 77 patients were included (age 67 ± 8 years, 74% male). When defined as E/SRIVR ≥236, the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction was higher compared to more conventional measurements (48% versus 39%). Left ventricular mass (OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.00–1.04, P = 0.014) and pulse wave velocity (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.07–1.68, P = 0.01) were independent determinants of diastolic dysfunction. Conclusion. Diastolic dysfunction is highly prevalent among dialysis patients and might be underestimated using conventional measurements. Left ventricular mass and pulse wave velocity were the only determinants of diastolic dysfunction in these patients.

‣ The Prevalence of Diastolic Dysfunction in Patients with Hypertension Referred for Echocardiographic Assessment of Left Ventricular Function

Mohamed, Abdul Latif; Yong, Jun; Masiyati, Jamil; Lim, Lee; Tee, Sze Chec
Fonte: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia Publicador: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.380615%
Hypertension is the major cause of congestive cardiac failure all over the world. It is under diagnosed and achievement of optimal therapy is difficult and costly. Diastolic dysfunction is an early poor prognostic factor in hypertension and is a reversible condition. Early detection and treatment is necessary to avoid cardiac complications. The objective of this study was to assess the occurrence of diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive patients referred for echocardiograph assessment of left ventricular function in a secondary hospital. It was also designed to determine whether contributing factors such as age, gender, systolic and diastolic pressure, duration of hypertension, previous myocardial infarct or ischemic heart disease and choice of anti-hypertensive drugs influence the development of diastolic dysfunction in these hypertensive patients. The analysis of diastolic dysfunction was based on the E/A ratio using Doppler echocardiogram. All of the patients were recruited from the Echocardiography Unit, Department of Medicine, Seremban General Hospital. Fifty patients with history of hypertension were selected for the study. Out of These 22 patients (44%) were found to have diastolic dysfunction; 39.1% of male patients (9 out of 23) and 48.1% of female patients (13 out of 27). Other contributing factors of diastolic dysfunction were found in patients : (a) with more than 8 years history of hypertension (12%) (b) with history of preexisting IHD/AMI (20%)...

‣ Influence of preoperative diastolic dysfunction on hemodynamics and outcomes of patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation

Xu, Zhen-Dong; Xu, Hai-Tao; Li, Wei-Wei; Zou, Zui; Shi, Xue-Yin
Fonte: e-Century Publishing Corporation Publicador: e-Century Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 22/05/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.379097%
Objective: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is receiving more attention in patients with end-stage liver diseases. The importance of diastolic dysfunction observed before orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and its adverse effects on hemodynamics and outcomes of OLT patients, have not been fully explored. We carried a retrospective study to investigate the influence of diastolic dysfunction on OLT patients. Methods: Included in this retrospective study were 330 consecutive patients scheduled for cadaveric OLT over a 5-year period. According to preoperative Doppler echocardiogram (ECHO) findings, patients were divided into two groups: DD group (patients with diastolic dysfunction) and control group (patients with normal ECHO). Patient characteristics, operation variables, hemodynamic course, blood products and drug requirements, postoperative courses and outcomes were evaluated. Results: 306 patients met the study entry criteria and 100 had preoperative diastolic dysfunction. Mean artery blood pressure was significantly lower in DD group after graft reperfusion than that in control group (P<0.01). More patients in DD group required epinephrine, and the mean dose of epinephrine was higher in DD group than that in control group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in postoperative ventilation time...

‣ Tetrahydrobiopterin improves diastolic dysfunction by reversing changes in myofilament properties

Jeong, Euy-Myoung; Monasky, Michelle M.; Gu, Lianzhi; Taglieri, Domenico M.; Patel, Bindiya G.; Liu, Hong; Wang, Qiongying; Greener, Ian; Dudley, Samuel C.; Solaro, R. John
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.401865%
Despite the increasing prevalence of heart failure with preserved left ventricular function, there are no specific treatments, partially because the mechanism of impaired relaxation is incompletely understood. Evidence indicates that cardiac relaxation may depend on nitric oxide (NO), generated by NO synthase (NOS) requiring the co-factor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4). Recently, we reported that hypertension-induced diastolic dysfunction was accompanied by cardiac BH4 depletion, NOS uncoupling, a depression in myofilament cross-bridge kinetics, and S-glutathionylation of myosin binding protein C (MyBP-C). We hypothesized that the mechanism by which BH4 ameliorates diastolic dysfunction is by preventing glutathionylation of MyBP-C and thus reversing changes of myofilament properties that occur during diastolic dysfunction. We used the deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt mouse model, which demonstrates mild hypertension, myocardial oxidative stress, and diastolic dysfunction. Mice were divided into two groups that received control diet and two groups that received BH4 supplement for 7 days after developing diastolic dysfunction at post-operative day 11. Mice were assessed by echocardiography. Left ventricular papillary detergent-extracted fiber bundles were isolated for simultaneous determination of force and ATPase activity. Sarcomeric protein glutathionylation was assessed by immunoblotting. DOCA-salt mice exhibited diastolic dysfunction that was reversed after BH4 treatment. Diastolic sarcomere length (DOCA-salt 1.70±0.01 vs. DOCA-salt+BH4 1.77±0.01 μm...

‣ Prevalence and Predictors of Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in a Hispanic Patient Population

Castro, Carlos E. Rodríguez; Lyapin, Alexander; Pattathan, Mithun; Negrin, José; Mukherjee, Debabrata
Fonte: Thieme Medical Publishers Publicador: Thieme Medical Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.47598%
Minimal data exist on attributes of diastolic dysfunction in the Hispanic population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of diastolic dysfunction in a Hispanic patient population. We performed a retrospective review of 166 consecutive echocardiograms in a southwestern Texas Hospital that caters to a large Hispanic patient population. We identified all echocardiograms that met criteria for diastolic dysfunction and assessed baseline demographics and comorbidities in the cohort of Hispanic patients. A multivariate analysis was performed to identify the independent predictors of diastolic dysfunction. A total of 129 out of 166 patients (77.8%) were of Hispanic origin. Out of the 129 patients, 87 (67.4%) had some degree of diastolic dysfunction in this population suggesting a high prevalence in the study cohort. In the diastolic dysfunction group, the mean age was 64.5 ± 13.9, 37% were male and 63% female, 78% had diabetes, 85% had hypertension, and 49% had some degree of renal insufficiency (stages 3–5). A logistic multivariate analysis showed that diabetes was an independent predictor of diastolic dysfunction with odds ratio of 2.69 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06–6.28; p = 0.038). Similarly age (per year increase) and chronic kidney disease were independent predictors of diastolic dysfunction. We demonstrated that older age...

‣ Precocity of diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive cardiopathy.; Precocidade da disfunção diastólica na cardiopatia hipertensiva.

Nogueira, J B; Serviço de Medicina I, Hospital de Santa Maria, Lisboa.
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/05/1992 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.331406%
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a well defined cardiovascular risk factor and is frequently detected by echocardiography in hypertensive patients. Systolic cardiac function at rest is usually preserved in hypertension, however, diastolic function may be frequently altered. Evidence for these changes has been demonstrated by Echo-Doppler even without concomitant existence of LVH. Quantitative and qualitative changes in contractile proteins and interstitial tissue as well as reduction of coronary reserve may be related to the mentioned dysfunction. Recent studies have confirmed the precocity of diastolic dysfunction both in laboratory animals as well as man. Further significant differences have been shown between normotensives with and without a family history of systemic hypertension. The relative importance of diastolic disfunction is also related to its possible role in the genesis of cardiac failure and its probable role in the modulation of cardiopulmonary reflexes in addition to the hemodynamics of arterial hypertension. It is not yet known if the presence of diastolic dysfunction is a mechanism or a risk marker like LVH.; Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a well defined cardiovascular risk factor and is frequently detected by echocardiography in hypertensive patients. Systolic cardiac function at rest is usually preserved in hypertension...

‣ Diastolic function parameters are improved by the addition of simvastatin to enalapril-based treatment in hypertensive individuals

Beck, Adenalva L. S.; Otto, Maria E. B.; Avila, Luciana B. O. D.; Netto, Fernando M.; Armendaris, Marinez K.; Sposito, Andrei C.
Fonte: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD; CLARE Publicador: ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD; CLARE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.935244%
Objective: Diastolic dysfunction (DD) is a frequent condition in hypertensive patients whose presence increases mortality and whose treatment remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate in a prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomized design the additive effect of simvastatin on DD in enalapril-treated hypertensive patients with average cholesterol levels. Methods: Hypertensive patients with DD and LDL-cholesterol <160 mg/dL underwent a run-in phase to achieve a systolic blood pressure (SBP) <135 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) <85 mmHg with enalapril. Hydrochlorothiazide was added when need to achieve blood pressure control. Four weeks after reaching the optimum anti-hypertensive regimen patients were randomized to receive 80 mg simvastatin (n = 27) or placebo (n = 28) for a period of 20 weeks. Echocardiograms were performed before and after treatment with measurement of maximum left atrial volume (LAV), conventional and tissue Doppler velocities in early diastole (E, e') and late diastole (A, a'). Results: After 20 weeks, the simvastatin group presented reduction in SBP (-4 +/- 2 mmHg, p = 0.02), increase in E/A ratio (1.0 +/- 0.05 to 1.2 +/- 0.06, p = 0.03) and decrease of LAV indexed to body surface area (24.5 +/- 0.9 to 21.1 +/- 0.8 ml/m(2)...

‣ Diastolic function parameters are improved by the addition of simvastatin to enalapril-based treatment in hypertensive individuals

Beck, Adenalva L. S.; Otto, Maria E. B.; Avila, Luciana B. O. D.; Netto, Fernando M.; Armendaris, Marinez K.; Sposito, Andrei C.
Fonte: Elsevier; Clare Publicador: Elsevier; Clare
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.786855%
Objective: Diastolic dysfunction (DD) is a frequent condition in hypertensive patients whose presence increases mortality and whose treatment remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate in a prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomized design the additive effect of simvastatin on DD in enalapril-treated hypertensive patients with average cholesterol levels. Methods: Hypertensive patients with DD and LDL-cholesterol <160 mg/dL underwent a run-in phase to achieve a systolic blood pressure (SBP) <135 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) <85 mmHg with enalapril. Hydrochlorothiazide was added when need to achieve blood pressure control. Four weeks after reaching the optimum anti-hypertensive regimen patients were randomized to receive 80 mg simvastatin (n = 27) or placebo (n = 28) for a period of 20 weeks. Echocardiograms were performed before and after treatment with measurement of maximum left atrial volume (LAV), conventional and tissue Doppler velocities in early diastole (E, e') and late diastole (A, a'). Results: After 20 weeks, the simvastatin group presented reduction in SBP (-4 +/- 2 mmHg, p = 0.02), increase in E/A ratio (1.0 +/- 0.05 to 1.2 +/- 0.06, p = 0.03) and decrease of LAV indexed to body surface area (24.5 +/- 0.9 to 21.1 +/- 0.8 ml/m(2)...

‣ Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging assessment of diastolic dysfunction in a population without heart disease: a gender-based study

Graça, B; Ferreira, MJ; Donato, P; Castelo-Branco, M; Caseiro-Alves, F
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.39965%
OBJECTIVES: Asymptomatic left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is increasingly recognised as an important diagnosis. Our goal was to study the prevalence and gender differences in subclinical LV diastolic dysfunction, using cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) at 3 T. METHODS: We prospectively studied 48 volunteers (19 male and 29 female, mean age 49 ± 7 years) with no evidence of cardiovascular disease. We used CMR to measure left atrium (LA) and LV volumes, LV peak filling rate and transmitral flow. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction in our cohort varied between 20 % (based on evaluation of LV filing profiles) and 24 % (based on the evaluation of the transmitral flow). The prevalence of diastolic dysfunction was higher in men than in women, independently of the criteria used (P between 0.004 and 0.022). Indexed LV end-diastolic volume, indexed LV stroke volume, indexed LV mass, indexed LA minimum volume and indexed LA maximum volume were significantly greater in men than in women (P < 0.05). All the subjects had LV ejection fractions within the normal range. CONCLUSIONS: It is clinically feasible to study diastolic flow and LV filling with CMR. CMR detected diastolic dysfunction in asymptomatic men and women. KEY POINTS: • CMR imaging offers new possibilities in assessing left ventricular diastolic function. • The prevalence of diastolic dysfunction is higher in men than in women. • The prevalence of some diastolic dysfunction in a normal population is 24 %.