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‣ Causas múltiplas de morte relacionadas ao consumo de álcool na microrregião de Ribeirão Preto - SP, 1996 - 2007; Multiple causes of death related to alcohol consumption in the micro region of Ribeirão Preto - SP, 1996 - 2007

Benedicto, Rubia Paixão
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/08/2011 Português
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Existem inúmeras evidências que permitem caracterizar o papel do álcool como fator de risco para doenças e morte, além de diversas consequências sociais negativas. Assim, o consumo de bebidas alcoólicas tem se tornado uma preocupação em âmbito mundial, sendo apontado como um importante problema de saúde pública. Considerando as limitações das estatísticas de saúde que levam em conta apenas a causa básica, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi descrever a mortalidade relacionada ao consumo de álcool, segundo causas múltiplas de morte da microrregião de Ribeirão Preto-SP por residência e/ou ocorrência, no período de 1996 a 2007. Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico do tipo descritivo que utilizou como fonte dados secundários do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade do Ministério da Saúde (SIM/MS). Foi realizado o download de 100% dos arquivos de óbito ocorridos no Brasil de 1996 a 2007 através do banco de dados do SIM disponível no site do DATASUS (http://www.datasus.gov.br), sendo importados 324 arquivos referente às Declarações de Óbito (DOs). Utilizando o programa APPENDA, o banco de dados passou por diversos processos de filtragem sendo obtidos 1800 DOs que possuem menção álcool (F10) como causa básica ou associada. Observou-se nas 1800 DOs que 90...

‣ Efeito da colite ulcerativa experimental sobre o receptor P2X7 no sistema nervoso entérico de ratos wistar.; Effect of experimental ulcerative colitis on the P2X7 receptor in the Wistar rats enteric nervous system.

Silva, Marcos Vinicius da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/12/2011 Português
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No trato digestório a colite ulcerativa apresenta necrose no intestino como processos patofisiológicos. Este projeto visou estudar neurônios com códigos químicos do sistema nervoso entérico (SNE) e a morfologia estrutural do intestino grosso de animais com colite ulcerativa. Grupos: a) Colite: injetados com TNBS, b) PBS: injetados com PBS e c) controle. Os tecidos foram preparados por métodos imunohistoquímicos de duplas marcações do receptor P2X7 com NOS, ChAT, Calb, Calr, anti-HuC/D (pan-neuronal) e S100 (células glias). No grupo Colite, no plexo mioentérico, o receptor P2X7 estava diminuído. No tecido lesado apresentou aumento de neutrófilos e da lâmina própria, alteração de colágeno e destruição do epitélio e células caliciformes. Reduziram colocalizações de neurônios com receptor no plexo mioentérico e aumento no plexo submucoso. Houve reduções nas densidades e áreas dos neurônios no SNE. Conclui-se que a colite afetou os neurônios entéricos e células gliais, causou alterações morfológicas, sendo assim, pode afetar motilidade intestinal.; In the digestive tract ulcerative colitis have a bowel necrosis as pathophysiological processes. This project aimed to study neurons with their respective chemicals codes the enteric nervous system (ENS) as well as structural morphology of the distal colon of animals with ulcerative colitis. Groups: a) colitis: TNBS injected...

‣ Absence motivated by illness: A non-concurrent prospective study of physical education teachers in the municipal education system of the city of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

Franco, Ana Cláudia Santurbano Felipe; Gonçalves, Aguinaldo; Padovani, Carlos Roberto
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 286-290
Português
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The object of this investigation was to identify and analize aspects of the health status related to absenteism in physical education teachers in the municipal education system of the city of Campinas, Brazil, as related to the medical leave program. The non-concurrent prospective study was accomplished by means of a comparison with teachers who work only in the classroom, refering to a three year period. In the variables of greatest interest, the Pearson non-parametric chi-square (X2) statistical test was adopted. Calculations of relative risk and level of confidence were made using the Epi-info computer program. Significant differences were observed in the following diagnostic groups favoring the not exposed group: i) Supplementary Classification of factors that exercise influence over the health status and access to health services and ii) Digestive system illness; while the physical education teachers showed a significant difference in: i) diseases of the musculoskeletal and connective tissue system and ii) Injuries and poisoing. Possible explications for some of the adverse effects as well as the protective ones that were observed include physical activity as a way of life along with being a physical education teacher and on the other side...

‣ Birth and mortality of maned wolves Chrysocyon brachyurus (Illiger, 1811) in captivity

MAIA,O. B.; GOUVEIA,A. M. G.
Fonte: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia Publicador: Instituto Internacional de Ecologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2002 Português
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The aims of this study were to verify the distribution of births of captive maned wolves Chrysocyon brachyurus and the causes of their deaths during the period from 1980 to 1998, based on the registry of births and deaths in the International Studbook for Maned Wolves. To determine birth distribution and average litter size, 361 parturitions were analyzed for the 1989-98 period. To analyze causes of mortality, the animals were divided into four groups: 1. pups born in captivity that died prior to one year of age; 2. animals born in captivity that died at more than one year of age; 3. animals captured in the wild that died at any age; and 4. all animals that died during the 1980-98 period. In group 1, the main causes of mortality were parental incompetence (67%), infectious diseases, (9%) and digestive system disorders (5%). The average mortality rate for pups was 56%. Parental incompetence was responsible for 95% of pup deaths during the first week of life. In group 2, the main causes were euthanasia (18%) and disorders of the genitourinary (10%) and digestive systems (8%). Euthanasia was implemented due to senility, congenital disorders, degenerative diseases, and trauma. In group 3, the main causes were digestive system disorders (12%)...

‣ Comparative effectiveness of the tumour diagnostics, CA 19-9, CA 125 and carcinoembryonic antigen in patients with diseases of the digestive system.

Sakamoto, K; Haga, Y; Yoshimura, R; Egami, H; Yokoyama, Y; Akagi, M
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1987 Português
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Serum concentrations of CA 19-9, CA 125 and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in 145 patients with gastrointestinal carcinomas and 89 with non-neoplastic diseases were determined to compare the clinical usefulness of these tumour markers. Significantly fewer positive cases were obtained with serum CA 19-9 (9%) and CA 125 (8%) tests than the CEA test (22%) (both p less than 0.05) in patients with benign diseases, while comparable sensitivities were achieved with the CA 19-9 (44%) test, the CA 125 (41%) test and the CEA test (47%) in those with a carcinoma. High incidences of raised concentrations of serum CA 19-9 and CA 125 were observed in case of cancer of the pancreas (CA 19-9: 87%, CA 125: 67%) and biliary tract (CA 19-9: 63%, CA 125: 48%). Combined tests of CA 19-9 and CA 125 revealed increments in the sensitivity (61%) and provided a higher specificity (87%) than that of the single CEA test (78%). These combined tests were most useful for a differential diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma (97% positive) and biliary tract carcinoma (74%) from chronic pancreatitis (4%) and cholelithiasis (0%), respectively. Studies on the relations of clinical staging and serum concentrations of CA 19-9 and CA 125 revealed significant rises in cases of disseminated carcinoma. These results clearly show that serum CA 19-9 and CA 125 tests are most pertinent for diagnosing advanced carcinomas of organs in the digestive system.

‣ Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels as drug targets for diseases of the digestive system

Holzer, Peter
Fonte: Pergamon Press Publicador: Pergamon Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2011 Português
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Approximately 20 of the 30 mammalian transient receptor potential (TRP) channel subunits are expressed by specific neurons and cells within the alimentary canal. They subserve important roles in taste, chemesthesis, mechanosensation, pain and hyperalgesia and contribute to the regulation of gastrointestinal motility, absorptive and secretory processes, blood flow, and mucosal homeostasis. In a cellular perspective, TRP channels operate either as primary detectors of chemical and physical stimuli, as secondary transducers of ionotropic or metabotropic receptors, or as ion transport channels. The polymodal sensory function of TRPA1, TRPM5, TRPM8, TRPP2, TRPV1, TRPV3 and TRPV4 enables the digestive system to survey its physical and chemical environment, which is relevant to all processes of digestion. TRPV5 and TRPV6 as well as TRPM6 and TRPM7 contribute to the absorption of Ca2+ and Mg2+, respectively. TRPM7 participates in intestinal pacemaker activity, and TRPC4 transduces muscarinic acetylcholine receptor activation to smooth muscle contraction. Changes in TRP channel expression or function are associated with a variety of diseases/disorders of the digestive system, notably gastro-esophageal reflux disease, inflammatory bowel disease...

‣ Promoting Healthy Living and Aging in Central America : Multi-sectoral Approaches to Prevent Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases

Bonilla-Chacin, Maria Eugenia; Vásquez, Luis T. Marcano
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the main cause of death and disability in Central America. However, communicable diseases and maternal and child conditions remain important causes of death and disability as well as injuries. With the aging of the population and improvements in the control of infectious diseases, the share of NCDs in the total burden of disease is likely to increase. However, in Central America these diseases cause death at a much younger age than in higher-income countries. It is critical to prevent and control NCDs, both for their impact on health, as well as the economy. When not controlled, they can cause costly hospitalizations and large productivity losses due to absenteeism, disability and premature deaths. Finally, they can impoverish households hit by out-of-pocket payments for health services and drugs. A large share of NCDs can be prevented since they result from exposure to health risk factors such as unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, tobacco use, and the harmful use of alcohol. Central Americans have very high caloric diets that are rich in sodium and refined sugars...

‣ Satisfaction with patient-doctor relationships in inflammatory bowel diseases: examining patient-initiated change of specialist

Van Langenberg, D.; Andrews, J.
Fonte: W J G Press Publicador: W J G Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
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AIM: To assess the reasons for, and factors associated with, patient-initiated changes in treating specialist in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). METHODS: Prospectively identified IBD patients (n = 256) with ≥ 1 encounter at a metropolitan hospital were surveyed, including whether they had changed treating specialist and why. Negative reasons included loss of confidence, disagreement, and/or personality clash with the specialist. RESULTS: Of 162 respondents, 70 (43%) had ever changed specialists; 30/70 (43%) for negative reasons, 52/70 (74%) in the preceding year. Patients with negative reasons for changing (n = 30) were younger (median, 35.2 years vs 45.3 years), had higher IBD knowledge (median, 5.0 years vs 4.0 years), yet had lower medication adherence and satisfaction scores (median, 19.0 years vs 22.0 years, 14.0 years vs 16.0 years respectively, Mann-Whitney tests, all P < 0.05), compared to all other responders (n = 132). Patients with a recent change (for any reason) were more likely to have Crohn's disease, currently active disease, previous bowel resection and recent hospitalization [OR 2.6, 95% CI (1.3-5.4), 2.2 (1.0-4.7), 5.56 (1.92-16.67), 2.0 (1.3-3.0), each P < 0.05]. CONCLUSION: Changing specialist appears associated with patient- related (age...

‣ Chronic Emergency : Why NCDs Matter

Nikolic, Irina A.; Stanciole, Anderson E.; Zaydman, Mikhail
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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'Chronic emergency: why non communicable diseases (NCDs) Matter' examines the magnitude of the challenge posed by NCDs in middle- and low-income countries, and makes the case for elevating the challenge as a priority item to address on the agenda of decision-makers. NCDs are on the rise in all middle- and low-income country regions. By 2030, NCDs are expected to account for three quarters of the disease burden in middle-income countries, up from two-thirds today and approaching the level of high-income countries. In low income countries, the NCD share of the disease burden will increase even more quickly and will approach the levels currently found in middle-income countries. At the same time, many low-income countries will continue to contend with substantial communicable disease burdens, thus facing a double burden of disease. Further, compared to their higher-income counterparts, many developing countries will face elevated NCD levels at earlier stages of economic development and with a much compressed timeline to address the challenge. The overall economic and social cost of NCDs vastly exceeds their direct medical costs. NCDs affect economies...

‣ Research on Tobacco in India (including the Betel Quid and Areca Nut) : An Annotated Bibliography of Research on Use, Health Effects, Economics, and Control Efforts

Stewart Ray, Cecily; Gupta, Prakash; de Beyer, Joy
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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This report is a compilation of references and abstracts of all research on tobacco in India from 1985 to 2003. Studies are organized by subject matter, and within each sub-topic, are arranged by year of publication with most recent studies listed first, and for studies published in the same year, alphabetically by author's last name. The studies include tobacco use surveys, studies on tobacco-related mortality, tobacco-related diseases both cancerous and non-cancerous, according to body system and site, and other health problems associated with tobacco use and environmental tobacco smoke. Other topics include the toxicity of tobacco products, educational interventions and the psychology of tobacco use, tobacco control measures and policies, reports on tobacco advertising and sponsorship and research into the tobacco health hazards faced by tobacco workers. It also includes studies on tobacco employment, tobacco growing and technology, and the economics of tobacco. The following databases were searched: Pub Med...

‣ Surgical-site infection risk in oncologic digestive surgery

CASTRO, Paulo de Tarso Oliveira e; CARVALHO, André Lopes; PERES, Stela Verzinhasse; FOSCHINI, Milene Mitsuyuki; PASSOS, Afonso Dinis Costa
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Surgical-site infection (SSI) is the most prevalent type of hospital infection in surgical patients and is associated with an increase in hospital stay, costs and morbidity/lethality. The knowledge of the main risk factors for this type of infection is important for the establishment of prevention measures regarding modifiable risks factors. The objective of the preset study was to assess the occurrence of SSI and study the risk factors in oncologic surgeries of the digestive system at Hospital de Câncer in Barretos, São Paulo, Brazil. Individuals undergoing oncologic surgeries of the digestive system in the period of 08/01/2007 to 08/10/2008 were prospectively followed for 30 days after surgery. Possible risk factors related to the patient and to the surgical procedure were also studied. A total of 210 surgeries were analyzed, with a global SSI incidence of 23.8%. The following variables were independently associated with SSI: time and type of surgery, radiotherapy before surgery and surgeon's years of experience. The risk factors found in this study have been described by other authors and are not amenable to intervention for SSI prevention. Further studies are recommended with the objective of investigating interventions that could reduce the risk for SSI in this type of surgery.

‣ Endoscopia digestiva alta na rede pública de saúde : diagnósticos de lesões do tubo digestivo alto em uma população de atendimento primário na região sudoeste do município de Campinas, São Paulo - Brasil = Endoscopy in public health : diagnoses of lesions in the upper digestive tract in a population of primary care in the region southwest of the city of Campinas, São Paulo - Brazil; Endoscopy in public health : diagnoses of lesions in the upper digestive tract in a population of primary care in the region southwest of the city of Campinas, São Paulo - Brazil

Morgana Terezinha Alves de Queiroz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/07/2012 Português
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A endoscopia digestiva alta (EDA) é um dos exames mais indicados para a investigação das doenças do trato digestivo alto. Normalmente, é executada em hospitais de alta complexidade e em clínicas especializadas; porém a sua grande demanda tem feito com que estes exames sejam realizados com maior frequência em centros de média complexidade. Dessa forma, este estudo teve por objetivos analisar retrospectivamente os diagnósticos de EDA realizados numa população de atendimento primário da região sudoeste do município de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, no período de 2000 a 2007, definindo a taxa de exames normais e a prevalência das principais doenças no tubo digestivo alto e correlacionando esses diagnósticos com faixa etária, gênero e origem de atendimento; estabelecer a prevalência do Helicobacter pylori em um segmento da população estudada, de acordo com as doenças diagnosticadas; e, finalmente, oferecer subsídios para a implantação de um modelo de atendimento primário de EDA na rede pública. Este estudo foi desenvolvido a partir dos laudos de EDA arquivados no setor especializado do referente serviço e que foram analisados de modo descritivo e estatístico. A pesquisa para H. pylori foi realizada em 2.822 (56...

‣ Bile acid nuclear receptor FXR and digestive system diseases

Ding, Lili; Yang, Li; Wang, Zhengtao; Huang, Wendong
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Bile acids (BAs) are not only digestive surfactants but also important cell signaling molecules, which stimulate several signaling pathways to regulate some important biological processes. The bile-acid-activated nuclear receptor, farnesoid X receptor (FXR), plays a pivotal role in regulating bile acid, lipid and glucose homeostasis as well as in regulating the inflammatory responses, barrier function and prevention of bacterial translocation in the intestinal tract. As expected, FXR is involved in the pathophysiology of a wide range of diseases of gastrointestinal tract, including inflammatory bowel disease, colorectal cancer and type 2 diabetes. In this review, we discuss current knowledge of the roles of FXR in physiology of the digestive system and the related diseases. Better understanding of the roles of FXR in digestive system will accelerate the development of FXR ligands/modulators for the treatment of digestive system diseases.

‣ Consensus of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases and Brazilian Society of Clinical Oncology on the management and treatment of Kaposi's sarcoma

Arruda,Érico; Jacome,Alexandre Andrade dos Anjos; Toscano,Ana Luiza de Castro Conde; Silvestrini,Anderson Arantes; Rêgo,André Santa Bárbara; Wiermann,Evanius Garcia; Cunha Jr.,Geraldo Felicio da; Melo,Heloisa Ramos Lacerda de; Morejón,Mirna Loro; Gol
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.49207%
Kaposi's sarcoma is a multifocal vascular lesion of low-grade potential that is most often present in mucocutaneous sites and usually also affects lymph nodes and visceral organs. The condition may manifest through purplish lesions, flat or raised with an irregular shape, gastrointestinal bleeding due to lesions located in the digestive system, and dyspnea and hemoptysis associated with pulmonary lesions. In the early 1980s, the appearance of several cases of Kaposi's sarcoma in homosexual men was the first alarm about a newly identified epidemic, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. In 1994, it was finally demonstrated that the presence of a herpes virus associated with Kaposi's sarcoma called HHV-8 or Kaposi's sarcoma herpes virus and its genetic sequence was rapidly deciphered. The prevalence of this virus is very high (about 50%) in some African populations, but stands between 2% and 8% for the entire world population. Kaposi's sarcoma only develops when the immune system is depressed, as in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which appears to be associated with a specific variant of the Kaposi's sarcoma herpes virus. There are no treatment guidelines for Kaposi's sarcoma established in Brazil, and thus the Brazilian Society of Clinical Oncology and the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases developed the treatment consensus presented here.

‣ Surgical-site infection risk in oncologic digestive surgery

Castro,Paulo de Tarso Oliveira e; Carvalho,André Lopes; Peres,Stela Verzinhasse; Foschini,Milene Mitsuyuki; Passos,Afonso Dinis Costa
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.945713%
Surgical-site infection (SSI) is the most prevalent type of hospital infection in surgical patients and is associated with an increase in hospital stay, costs and morbidity/lethality. The knowledge of the main risk factors for this type of infection is important for the establishment of prevention measures regarding modifiable risks factors. The objective of the preset study was to assess the occurrence of SSI and study the risk factors in oncologic surgeries of the digestive system at Hospital de Câncer in Barretos, São Paulo, Brazil. Individuals undergoing oncologic surgeries of the digestive system in the period of 08/01/2007 to 08/10/2008 were prospectively followed for 30 days after surgery. Possible risk factors related to the patient and to the surgical procedure were also studied. A total of 210 surgeries were analyzed, with a global SSI incidence of 23.8%. The following variables were independently associated with SSI: time and type of surgery, radiotherapy before surgery and surgeon's years of experience. The risk factors found in this study have been described by other authors and are not amenable to intervention for SSI prevention. Further studies are recommended with the objective of investigating interventions that could reduce the risk for SSI in this type of surgery.

‣ Interpretação radiológica nas alterações do aparelho digestivo nas espécies canina e felina; Radiological interpretation of the digestive system in dogs and cats

Martin, Benedicto Wlademir de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/1969 Português
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O artigo apresenta resumo em inglês.; To examine the digestive system any radiologist must establish a total or regional sequence of work as could be seen in veterinary and human radiology textbooks. With our plan we examined 1.044 animals. The results are presented in 4 tables and illustrated with 17 figures. As the organs and the animals move we chose the least time possible to take the radiografies of the digestive system. We always began the examination with a simple radiografy, in special cases we used special procedures. Studying the abdominal organs we prefered the panoramic radiografies. In many diseases the functional state of the system could be established using the fluoroscopy. The radiografies with contrast, were used as special procedures. For oesophagus, stomach and duodenum we prefered the barium suspensions; for the intestines, gaseous solutions. For colon and rectum radiografies in some cases we used air and in others the double contrast with barium and air.

‣ Os níveis de saúde na região da Grande São Paulo; Health levels in the area of the "Greater São Paulo" (Brasil)

Yunes, João; Bromberg, Rosa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/1970 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Os níveis de saúde foram estudados, através de um série histórica, para a área metropolitana de São Paulo, formada por 37 municípios com uma população aproximada de 8 milhões de habitantes. A análise por sub-região e por município apresentou-se limitada, uma vez que os dados de estatística vital são registrados pelo local de ocorrência e não de procedência, podendo ocorrer superestimação dos valores dos coeficientes para as áreas onde os recursos de saúde são mais disponíveis - o caso do município de São Paulo - funcionando êste como centro polarizador de assistência médica. O decréscimo de mortalidade geral nos últimos 8 anos foi discreto, passando de 8,53 para 7,67 óbitos por mil habitantes. Tal valor não pode ser considerado satisfatório por ser jovem a população da área estudada (40% menor de 20 anos). A curva de Nelson de Moraes (curva de Mortalidade Proporcional) tendeu para a forma de um "J" normal, caracterizando um nível de saúde regular da área estudada. De acordo com as principais causas de óbitos, as condições de saúde demonstram um estágio insatisfatório, pois, embora as doenças do Aparelho Circulatório e Neoplasmas figurem como as duas primeiras causas, à semelhança dos países desenvolvidos...

‣ Ocupação e mortalidade na Marinha do Brasil; Occupation and mortality in the Brazilian Navy

Silva, Marlene; Santana, Vilma Sousa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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OBJETIVO: Descrever a distribuição da mortalidade por doenças do aparelho digestivo, geniturinário e do sistema nervoso, de acordo com a ocupação entre militares da Marinha do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Estudo exploratório da mortalidade proporcional conduzido com militares do sexo masculino lotados na Marinha do Brasil, que faleceram no período de 1991 a 1995. A população do estudo corresponde a todo o contingente da corporação nesse mesmo período. Os dados provêm de certidões de óbitos requeridas para concessão de pensões de dependentes e história ocupacional correspondente. As causas básicas de morte foram codificadas de acordo a Classificação Internacional de Doenças (9ª revisão). RESULTADOS: Militares apresentaram mortalidade proporcional aumentada para as doenças do fígado relacionadas com o consumo do álcool (razão de mortalidade proporcional ajustada (RMPaj=2,03; IC 95%: 1,26 3,00), pancreatite (RMPaj=2,03; IC 95%: 1,06 3,38), hemorragia digestiva (RMPaj=1,61; IC 95%: 1,10 2,23), doenças renais crônicas (RMPaj=2,82; IC 95%: 1,98 3,84), doença de Parkinson (RMPaj=3,00; IC 95%: 1,27 5,72) e degenerações cerebrais (RMPaj=2,88; IC 95%: 1,14 5,70) em relação a população de referência. Associação não estatisticamente significante foi observada entre operadores de radar (RMP=6...

‣ Hipo (singultus): revisión de 24 casos

Martínez Rey,Carmen; Villamil Cajoto,lago
Fonte: Sociedad Médica de Santiago Publicador: Sociedad Médica de Santiago
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2007 Português
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Background: Although common and usually benign, hiccups can be an extremely uncomfortable disease. There is not much information about persistent and refractory hiccups. Aim: To report clinical features of patients admitted in a hospital due to hiccup. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study and prospective follow up of patients admitted for hiccup in Hospital Clínico de Santiago de Compostela between January 1998 and May 2005. Results: Twenty four patients (age 47 to 91 years, 23 males) were studied. Nineteen (79%) were admitted because of persistent hiccups. In twenty one patients, at ¡east one organic etiology was identified, and thirteen patients presented two or more possible associated conditions. The most common possible causes were digestive tract disorders, followed by central nervous system diseases. Twelve patients had a history of exposure to drugs that potentially could cause hiccups, mainly corticosteroids and benzodiazepines. Chlorpromazine was the first choice treatment in 23 patients, but seven required a second line drug. Average hospital stay was 13 days (range 3-90 days). Twelve patients died during follow up. Death occurred during the first three months of follow up in 61%. Conclusions: Persistent hiccup is often associated with organic conditions...

‣ The influence of patients' complexity and general practitioners' characteristics on referrals to outpatient health services in an Italian region

Valent,Francesca; Deroma,Laura; Franzo,Antonella; Gobbato,Michele; Simon,Giorgio; Canciani,Luigi; Zanier,Loris
Fonte: Istituto Superiore di Sanità Publicador: Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2015 Português
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BACKGROUND. Patient referrals to outpatient health services may affect both health outcomes and health expenditures. General practitioners (GP) have a crucial role in driving the use of outpatient services and recognizing factors which affect referrals is important for health managers and planners. OBJECTIVES. We investigated patient- and physician-related determinants of patient referrals in an Italian region. METHODS. This was cross-sectional study based on the individual linkage of administrative databases from the health information system of the Friuli Venezia Giulia region. For each GP of the region, the association of the number of patient referrals to different types of outpatient services with the proportion of patients with chronic conditions, with the number of hospital admissions and drug prescriptions in 2012, and with GP's characteristics was investigated through multilevel multivariable Poisson regression models. RESULTS. Some chronic conditions (e.g., cancer, autoimmune diseases, endocrine diseases, digestive system diseases) were positively associated with the number of referrals, as were hospital admissions and drug prescriptions. Time since GP's graduation was inversely related with referrals. CONCLUSION. Patient complexity and GP's experience affect referral rates. These factors should be considered in case of a reorganization of the general practice structure in Friuli Venezia Giulia.