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‣ Assessment of disease-free survival in patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated with radiotherapy associated or not with chemotherapy

CHEDID, Helma Maria; LEHN, Carlos Neutzling; RAPOPORT, Abrao; AMAR, Ali; FRANZI, Sergio Altino
Fonte: ASSOC BRASILEIRA OTORRINOLARINGOLOGIA & CIRURGIA CERVICOFACIAL Publicador: ASSOC BRASILEIRA OTORRINOLARINGOLOGIA & CIRURGIA CERVICOFACIAL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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In early stage (I and II) laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, both surgery and radiotherapy results in significant local and regional control. In advanced tumors (III and IV), radiotherapy alone has local-regional control rates of 32-43%. Aim: To assess disease-free survival in SCC laryngeal carcinoma patients submitted to radiotherapy alone and/or associated with chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study involving 84 cases of laryngeal SCC treated with radiotherapy or chemotherapy together with radiotherapy. Fifty-three cases were treated with intension to cure and 31 because of impossibility to resect the disease. As to clinical stage (CS), 12 were CS I, 15 II, 21 III and 5 IV. In the second group, 11 cases were EC III and 20 IV. Results: Mean age was 60 years, 84.5% were men. Fifty-eight (69.1%) cases had complete response and 26 (30.9%) had persistent or residual disease. Five-year disease-free survival was of 42.5%; 62.5% of the patients with organ preservation indication and 9.75 in the group of irressecable disease. Conclusion: disease-free survival of those patients submitted to radiotherapy because of laryngeal SCC was of 62.5%

‣ Leucemia mielóide aguda : perfil de duas décadas do Serviço de Hematologia do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre; Acute myelogenous leukemia : two decades overview - hematology service Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre

Bittencourt, Rosane Isabel; Fogliatto, Laura Maria; Daudt, Liane Esteves; Bittencourt, Henrique Neves da Silva; Friedrisch, Joao Ricardo; Fernandes, Flavo B.; Silla, Lucia Mariano da Rocha; Onsten, Tor Gunnar Hugo; Fassina, Katia; Wasnievski, João C.; Ro
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Nos últimos vinte anos, nosso serviço recebeu os pacientes com a suspeita de Leucemia Mielóide Aguda (LMA) provenientes de todas as regiões do estado. Entre março de 1980 e dezembro de 1999 analisamos 195 pacientes com idades superior a 12 e inferior a 70 anos, apresentando LMA “de novo” excetuando o subtipo M3. Na década de 80 foram registrados 102 pacientes: 47 homens e 55 mulheres. Destes, 84 receberam quimioterapia de indução com Citarabina e Daunorrubicina (esquema “7+3”), resultando no índice de remissão de 51% (43/84). As médias de sobrevidas livre de doença e global foram dez meses em 35% e 12 meses em 13% respectivamente. De jan/90 a dez/93 houve 41 novos diagnósticos e todos foram submetidos à quimioterapia com esquema “7+3” atingindo a taxa de 66% de remissão. As sobrevidas livre de doença e global foram estatisticamente (p<0.001) superiores com 17,6 meses em 41% e 22 meses em 17,5% dos pacientes. Em 1994 foi instituído novo protocolo orientado pelo grupo cooperativo brasileiro de estudos de leucemia (CBEL), preconizando a indução com Citarabina +Idarrubicina, seguido dos ciclos de consolidação e dois ciclos de intensificação com altas doses. Entre 1994-99 foram incluídos 52 pacientes neste protocolo...

‣ Clinical outcome in chronic myeloid leukemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: The experience of the Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit of FUNFARME/BRAZIL using FISH

Vendrame-Goloni, C. B.; Carvalho-Salles, A. B.; Ruiz, M. A.; Ricci, O.; Varella-Garcia, M.; Fett-Conte, A. C.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 417-423
Português
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Investigation of the efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in chronic myeloid leukemia patients is essential to predict prognosis and survival. In 20 patients treated at the Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit of São José do Rio Preto (São Paulo, Brazil), we used fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to investigate the frequency of cells with BCR/ABL rearrangement at diagnosis and at distinct intervals after allo-HSCT until complete cytogenetic remission (CCR). We investigated the disease-free survival, overall survival in 3 years and transplant-related mortality rates, too. Bone marrow samples were collected at 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24 months after transplantation and additional intervals as necessary. Success rate of the FISH analyses was 100%. CCR was achieved in 75% of the patients, within on average of 3.9 months; 45% patients showed CCR within 60 days after HSCT. After 3 years of the allo-HSCT, overall survival rate was 60%, disease-free survival was 50% and the transplant-related mortality rate was 40%. The study demonstrated that the BCR-ABL FISH assay is useful for follow-up of chronic myeloid leukemia patients after HSCT and that the clinical outcome parameters in our patient cohort were similar to those described for other bone marrow transplantation units. ©FUNPEC-RP.

‣ Determination of CYP2D6 *3, *4, and *10 frequency in women with breast cancer in São Luís, Brazil, and its association with prognostic factors and disease-free survival

Martins,D.M.F.; Vidal,F.C.B.; Souza,R.D.M.; Brusaca,S.A.; Brito,L.M.O.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2014 Português
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The CYP2D6 enzyme is crucial for the metabolism of tamoxifen. The CYP2D6 gene is highly polymorphic, and individuals can be extensive, intermediate, or poor tamoxifen metabolizers. The aim of this study was to determine the frequencies of the CYP2D6 *3, *4, and *10 alleles in women with breast cancer who were treated with tamoxifen and analyze the association of enzyme activity with prognostic factors and disease-free survival. We observed a high frequency of CYP2D6 *10, with an allelic frequency of 0.14 (14.4%). The *3 allele was not present in the studied population, and *4 had an allelic frequency of 0.13 (13.8%). We conclude that patients with reduced CYP2D6 activity did not present worse tumor characteristics or decreased disease-free survival than women with normal enzyme activity, as the difference was not statistically significant. We also observed a high frequency of CYP2D6 *10, which had not been previously described in this specific population. This study is the first in north-northeastern Brazil that aimed to contribute to the knowledge of the Brazilian regional profile for CYP2D6 polymorphisms and their phenotypes. These findings add to the knowledge of the distribution of different polymorphic CYP2D6 alleles and the potential role of CYP2D6 genotyping in clinical practice prior to choosing therapeutic protocols.

‣ Cathepsin D detected by automated and quantitative immunohistochemistry in breast carcinomas: correlation with overall and disease free survival.

Charpin, C; Garcia, S; Bouvier, C; Martini, F; Lavaut, M; Allasia, C; Bonnier, P; Andrac, L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1997 Português
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AIM: To determine the prognostic significance and clinical relevance of cathepsin D detected by immunocytochemical assays (ICAs) in breast carcinomas. METHODS: 151 patients presenting with palpable or impalpable breast carcinomas and who had not received any kind of adjuvant chemotherapy or endocrine therapy who were operated from January 1986 to May 1987 were studied. ICAs of tumour specimens were performed in optimal technical conditions (frozen sections, automated immunoperoxidase technique (Ventana), and computer assisted analysis of digitised coloured microscopic images (SAMBA)) to determine cathepsin D immunocytochemical expression. Results of quantitative ICAs were correlated with overall and disease free survival over 8.4 years of follow up in axillary lymph node positive and negative patients. RESULTS: Cathepsin D immunocytochemical expression in tumours of 15% or more was significantly associated with poor overall survival in the whole group and in node positive patients (Kaplan Meier, log rank test p = 0.003 and p = 0.007); however, it was not correlated with survival in node negative patients. Cathepsin D immunocytochemical expression (> 15%) correlated with short disease free (p = 0.015) and short recurrence free survival (p = 0.021) in the group as a whole but not when node positive and negative patients were evaluated separately. CONCLUSIONS: In optimal conditions (automated and quantitative ICAs on frozen sections) cathepsin D immunohistochemical expression is a significant prognostic indicator in terms of overall...

‣ The influence of intraoperative hypotension and perioperative blood transfusion on disease-free survival in patients with complete resection of colorectal liver metastases.

Younes, R N; Rogatko, A; Brennan, M F
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1991 Português
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An increased interest in surgical treatment of liver metastases from colorectal origin has evolved recently. However not all patients benefit from this approach, with early recurrence and death still being encountered. To evaluate clinical as well as perioperative factors that might significantly affect the outcome of patients with completely resected colorectal liver metastases, we examined 116 patients who underwent resection between September 1987 and August 1989. Median follow-up time was 13.2 months (0.6 to 31.4 months). The overall survival rate was 91% at 1 year and 75% at 2 years. Median survival was not reached. Median disease-free survival time was 11.5 months, with 49.4% and 21.2% of the patients being free of disease at 1 and 2 years, respectively. By univariate analysis, site of primary colorectal cancer, preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level, size of metastases, number of metastases, length of operation time, percentage mean arterial pressure, number of hypotensive episodes, duration of hypotensive episodes, and whole blood transfusion significantly affected recurrence rate following resection. However only site of primary tumor, CEA, number of metastases, and number of hypotensive episodes remained significant in the multivariate analysis. The most significant single factor that affected recurrence rate was the number of hypotensive episodes during the operative procedure. It is concluded that hypotensive episodes...

‣ Relationship between cathepsin-D content and disease-free survival in node-negative breast cancer patients: a meta-analysis.

Ferrandina, G.; Scambia, G.; Bardelli, F.; Benedetti Panici, P.; Mancuso, S.; Messori, A.
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1997 Português
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Several reports have evaluated the correlation between cathepsin-D and overall survival or disease-free survival in node-negative breast cancer patients. Because conflicting data have so far been reported, a meta-analysis was conducted to clarify this problem. Eleven studies were included in our meta-analysis (total of 2690 patients). A specific meta-analytical methodology for censored data was used, and disease-free survival was the primary end point. Patients with low cathepsin-D levels had a significantly better disease-free survival than patients with high cathepsin-D values (meta-analytical odds ratio from 0.59 to 0.60 over the interval from 1 to 7 years). A secondary meta-analysis conducted exclusively on the data from eight studies based on cytosol assay gave substantially similar results. One limitation of our study is that the cut-off values to define high and low cathepsin-D concentrations were not identical in the various studies included in our meta-analysis (range from 20 to 78 pmol mg(-1) protein), thus introducing a possible bias in the statistical analysis of the data. However, a simulation based on the well-accepted method of the so-called publication bias showed that more than 100 null studies would be required to lead our results to a statistical level of non-significance. Considering the results of our meta-analysis...

‣ Tumor Volume Change after Chemotheraphy as a Predictive Factor of Disease Free Survival for Osteosarcoma

Moon, Seong-Hwan; Shin, Kyoo-Ho; Suh, Jin-Suck; Yang, Woo-Ick; Noh, Jae-Keong; Hahn, Soo-Bong
Fonte: Yonsei University College of Medicine Publicador: Yonsei University College of Medicine
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Change in tumor volume after chemotherapy appears to have a prognostic significance for the outcome of osteosarcoma. A newly developed volume measurement method based on three-dimensional summation with a proved reproducibility was utilized to measure osteosarcoma tumor volume. This retrospective analysis included 38 patients with biopsy-proven, nonsurface, skeletal high-grade osteosarcoma. The treatment was started by using three cycles of preoperative chemotherapy with cisplastin (100 mg/m2) and adriamycin (30 mg/m2). The tumor volume was measured before and after preoperative chemotherapy using three-dimensional magnetic resonance image measurement. The percentage of tumor necrosis was assessed by pathologic exam. After three cycle of postoperative chemotherapy, the patients were followed up at regular interval. For the 23 good responder patients, the mean survival time was 73.2 months (95% confidence interval 61.9 - 84.5 months), and for the 15 poor responder patients, the mean survival time was 50.8 months (95% confidence interval 38.6 - 63.1 months) (p<0.05). For the 14 patients with increased tumor volume after chemotherapy, the mean survival time was 47.5 months (range: 36.3 - 58.6 months) and for the 24 patients with stable or decreased tumor volume...

‣ High levels of microRNA-21 in the stroma of colorectal cancers predict short disease-free survival in stage II colon cancer patients

Nielsen, Boye Schnack; Jørgensen, Stine; Fog, Jacob Ulrik; Søkilde, Rolf; Christensen, Ib Jarle; Hansen, Ulla; Brünner, Nils; Baker, Adam; Møller, Søren; Nielsen, Hans Jørgen
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Approximately 25% of all patients with stage II colorectal cancer will experience recurrent disease and subsequently die within 5 years. MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is upregulated in several cancer types and has been associated with survival in colon cancer. In the present study we developed a robust in situ hybridization assay using high-affinity Locked Nucleic Acid (LNA) probes that specifically detect miR-21 in formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue samples. The expression of miR-21 was analyzed by in situ hybridization on 130 stage II colon and 67 stage II rectal cancer specimens. The miR-21 signal was revealed as a blue chromogenic reaction, predominantly observed in fibroblast-like cells located in the stromal compartment of the tumors. The expression levels were measured using image analysis. The miR-21 signal was determined as the total blue area (TB), or the area fraction relative to the nuclear density (TBR) obtained using a red nuclear stain. High TBR (and TB) estimates of miR-21 expression correlated significantly with shorter disease-free survival (p = 0.004, HR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.06–1.55) in the stage II colon cancer patient group, whereas no significant correlation with disease-free survival was observed in the stage II rectal cancer group. In multivariate analysis both TB and TBR estimates were independent of other clinical parameters (age...

‣ Impact of esophageal cancer staging on overall survival and disease-free survival based on the 2010 AJCC classification by lymph nodes

Li, Qun; Wu, San-Gang; Gao, Jian-Ming; Xu, Jun-Jie; Hu, Lian-Ying; Xu, Tao
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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This retrospective study investigated the effect of modifications presented in the seventh edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Manual for staging esophageal cancer on the characterization of the effectiveness of post-operative chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, as measured by overall and disease-free survival. The seventh edition of the AJCC Manual classifies the number of lymph nodes (N) positive for regional metastasis into three subclasses. We used the AJCC classification system to characterize the cancers of 413 Chinese patients with esophageal cancer who underwent radical resection plus regional lymph node dissection over a 10-year period. The 10-year survival rate was 14.3% for stage N1 patients and 6.1% for stage N2 patients. Only one stage N3 patient was followed >4 years (53.4 months). The 10-year disease-free rate was 13.6% for stage N1 patients. Patients with stage N2 or N3 cancer were more likely to have tumor recurrences, metastases or death than patients with stage N1 cancer. Post-operative radiotherapy provided no survival benefit, and may have had a negative effect on survival. In this study, the N stage of esophageal cancer was an independent factor affecting overall and disease-free survival. Our results did not clarify whether or not radiotherapy after radical esophagectomy offers any survival benefit to patients with esophageal cancer.

‣ Increased Tumor Ascorbate is Associated with Extended Disease-Free Survival and Decreased Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1 Activation in Human Colorectal Cancer

Kuiper, Caroline; Dachs, Gabi U.; Munn, Delwyn; Currie, Margaret J.; Robinson, Bridget A.; Pearson, John F.; Vissers, Margreet C. M.
Fonte: Frontiers Media S.A. Publicador: Frontiers Media S.A.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/02/2014 Português
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Ascorbate is a co-factor for the hydroxylases that regulate the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1, which provides cancer cells with a metabolic and survival advantage in the hypoxic environment of solid tumors. However, whether ascorbate affects tumor development is a highly debated issue. We aimed to determine whether tumor ascorbate was associated with HIF-1 activation and patient disease-free survival. In this study, we undertook a retrospective observational analysis of tissue-banked tumor and paired normal tissue from 49 colorectal cancer patients, measuring ascorbate levels, HIF-1α and its downstream gene products BNIP3, and vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF). Patient survival was monitored for the first 6 years after surgery. We found that ascorbate levels were lower in tumor tissue compared to normal tissue (p < 0.001) but overall levels varied considerably. HIF-1α, VEGF, and BNIP3 were elevated in tumor samples (p < 0.01). There was an inverse relationship between tumor ascorbate content and HIF-1 pathway activation (p = 0.002) and tumor size (p = 0.018). Higher tumor ascorbate content was associated with significantly improved disease-free survival in the first 6 years after surgery (p = 0.006)...

‣ Disease-free survival by treatment after a DCIS diagnosis in a population-based cohort study

Sprague, Brian L.; McLaughlin, Vicki; Hampton, John M.; Newcomb, Polly A.; Trentham-Dietz, Amy
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Randomized trials have demonstrated the efficacy of radiation and tamoxifen in reducing risk of second events after breast conserving surgery (BCS) for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), but the comparative effectiveness of mastectomy, BCS, and adjuvant treatments have not been established in community practice. We examined disease-free survival among 1,676 DCIS cases diagnosed during 1995–2006 in the population-based Wisconsin In Situ Cohort study. Information on patient and tumor characteristics, treatments, and second breast cancer events were collected via a comprehensive review of data from patient interviews, the statewide cancer registry, and pathology reports. Breast cancer disease-free survival was evaluated according to treatment while adjusting for patient and tumor characteristics. After an average of 7.1 years of follow-up, 143 second breast cancer events occurred. Overall five-year disease-free survival was similar among women treated with ipsilateral mastectomy (95.6%; 95% CI: 93.5, 97.0) compared to women treated with BCS and radiation (94.8%; 95% CI: 92.8, 96.1), though women receiving BCS without radiation experienced poorer overall disease-free survival (87.0%; 95% CI: 80.6, 91.5). Among women treated with BCS and radiation...

‣ Measuring Disease-Free Survival and Cancer Relapse Using Medicare Claims From CALGB Breast Cancer Trial Participants (Companion to 9344)

Lamont, Elizabeth B.; Herndon, James E.; Weeks, Jane C.; Henderson, I. Craig; Earle, Craig C.; Schilsky, Richard L.; Christakis, Nicholas A.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/09/2006 Português
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To determine the accuracy with which Medicare claims data measure disease-free survival in elderly Medicare beneficiaries with cancer, we performed a criterion validation study. We merged gold-standard clinical trial data of 45 elderly patients with node-positive breast cancer who were treated on the Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CAL-GB) adjuvant breast trial 9344 with Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) data files and compared the results of a CMS-based algorithm with the CALGB disease-free survival information to determine sensitivity and specificity. For 5-year disease-free survival, the sensitivity of the CMS-based algorithm was 100% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 81% to 100%), the specificity was 97% (95% CI = 83% to 100%), and the area under the receiver operator curve was 97% (95% CI = 90% to 100%). For 2-year disease-free survival, the test characteristics were less favorable: sensitivity was 83% (95% CI = 36% to 100%), specificity was 95% (95% CI = 83% to 100%), and area under the receiver operator curve was 84% (95% CI = 66% to 100%).

‣ Measuring Disease-Free Survival and Cancer Relapse Using Medicare Claims From CALGB Breast Cancer Trial Participants (Companion to 9344)

Lamont, Elizabeth B.; Herndon, James E.; Weeks, Jane C.; Henderson, I. Craig; Earle, Craig C.; Schilsky, Richard L.; Christakis, Nicholas A.
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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67.83589%
To determine the accuracy with which Medicare claims data measure disease-free survival in elderly Medicare beneficiaries with cancer, we performed a criterion validation study. We merged gold-standard clinical trial data of 45 elderly patients with node-positive breast cancer who were treated on the Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CAL-GB) adjuvant breast trial 9344 with Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) data files and compared the results of a CMS-based algorithm with the CALGB disease-free survival information to determine sensitivity and specificity. For 5-year disease-free survival, the sensitivity of the CMS-based algorithm was 100% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 81% to 100%), the specificity was 97% (95% CI = 83% to 100%), and the area under the receiver operator curve was 97% (95% CI = 90% to 100%). For 2-year disease-free survival, the test characteristics were less favorable: sensitivity was 83% (95% CI = 36% to 100%), specificity was 95% (95% CI = 83% to 100%), and area under the receiver operator curve was 84% (95% CI = 66% to 100%).

‣ Regulation of stromal versican expression by breast cancer cells and importance to relapse-free survival in patients with node-negative primary breast cancer

Ricciardelli, C.; Brooks, J.; Suwiwat, S.; Sakko, A.; Mayne, K.; Raymond, W.; Seshadri, R.; LeBaron, R.; Horsfall, D.
Fonte: Amer Assoc Cancer Research Publicador: Amer Assoc Cancer Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 Português
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Purpose: Determination of meaningful prognostic indicesremains a high priority for women diagnosed with node-negative primary breast cancer. Currently, 30% of these women relapse, and there is no reliable means of predicting this group of patients. This study investigates whether the level of expression of versican, an anticell adhesive proteoglycan, in the peritumoral stromal tissue of women with node-negative, primary breast cancer predicts relapse-free survival. This study also examines whether breast cancer cells regulate the secretion of versican by mammary fibroblasts. Experimental Design: Immunoreactive versican was measured in breast cancer tissue sections of 58 node-negative patients by video image analysis. Primary isolates of mammary fibroblasts were cultured in medium conditioned by the breast cancer cell lines ZR-75-1, MCF-7, BT-20, and MB231. Changes in versican secretion were measured by immunoblotting and enhanced chemiluminescence. Results: Cox analyses indicated that peritumoral versican level was the sole predictor of relapse-free survival. The relapse rate in patients with low versican levels was lower than in patients with high versican levels (Kaplan-Meier: 83% relapse free at 5 years for versican mean integrated absorbance <14 versus 33% for 14...

‣ Initial molecular response at 3 months may predict both response and event-free survival at 24 months in Imatinib-resistant or -intolerant patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase treated with Nilotinib

Branford, S.; Kim, D.W.; Soverini, S.; Haque, A.; Shou, Y.; Woodman, R.; Kantarjian, H.; Martinelli, G.; Radich, J.; Saglio, G.; Hochhaus, A.; Hughes, T.; Muller, M.
Fonte: Amer Soc Clinical Oncology Publicador: Amer Soc Clinical Oncology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
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PURPOSE: The association between initial molecular response and longer-term outcomes with nilotinib was examined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with imatinib-resistant or -intolerant chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase from the phase II nilotinib registration study with available postbaseline BCR-ABL1 transcript assessments were included (N = 237). RESULTS: BCR-ABL1 transcript levels (International Scale [IS]) at 3 months correlated with complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) by 24 months. Patients with BCR-ABL1 (IS) of > 1% to ≤ 10% at 3 months with nilotinib had higher cumulative incidence of CCyR by 24 months than patients with BCR-ABL1 (IS) of > 10% (53% v 16%). BCR-ABL1 (IS) at 3 months predicted major molecular response (MMR) by 24 months. Cumulative incidence of MMR by 24 months for patients with BCR-ABL1 (IS) of > 0.1% to ≤ 1%, > 1% to ≤ 10%, and > 10% was 65%, 27%, and 9%, respectively. These differences were observed for patients with or without baseline BCR–ABL1 mutations and for those with imatinib resistance or intolerance. Estimated event-free survival (EFS) rates at 24 months decreased with higher transcript levels at 3 months; patients with BCR-ABL1 (IS) of ≤ 1% had an estimated 24-month EFS rate of 82%...

‣ Systematic review and meta-analysis of survival and disease recurrence after radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma

Tiong, L.; Maddern, G.
Fonte: John Wiley & Sons Ltd Publicador: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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BACKGROUND: Despite being one of the commonest causes of cancer-related death around the world, only 20 per cent of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) are amenable to curative treatment (surgical resection or liver transplantation). Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has emerged as a popular therapy for unresectable HCC. There is evidence that the disparity in survival after curative RFA and surgery for HCC, especially tumours smaller than 3 cm in diameter, is narrowing. This review examined the survival and disease recurrence rates after RFA for HCC over the past decade. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register and the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects from January 2000 until November 2010. Papers reporting on patients with HCC who were treated with RFA, either in comparison or in combination with other interventions, such as surgery or percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), were eligible for inclusion. Outcome data collected were overall survival, disease-free survival and disease recurrence rates. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs and non-randomized comparative studies with more than 12 months' follow-up were included. RESULTS: Forty-three articles...

‣ c-erbB-2 oncoprotein detected by automated quantitative immunocytochemistry in breast carcinomas correlates with patients' overall and disease-free survival.

Charpin, C.; Garcia, S.; Bouvier, C.; Martini, F.; Lavaut, M. N.; Allasia, C.; Bonnier, P.; Andrac, L.
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1997 Português
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The prognostic significance of c-erbB-2 oncoprotein overexpression detected in tumours by immunocytochemical assays (ICAs) was investigated in 148 breast carcinomas. ICAs were performed under optimal technical conditions with frozen tissue sections and included automated immunoperoxidase technique and computer-assisted analysis (densitometry) of digitized coloured microscopic images. Results of quantitative ICAs (expressed in percentages of c-erbB-2-positive surfaces and mean optical densities) were correlated with the patients' follow-up in axillary lymph node-positive (N+) and node-negative (N-) subgroups of patients. Patients' follow-up ranged from 9 months (for the first death) to 101 months (for the 121 alive patients) with a 62.5 months mean overall follow-up. It was shown that marked c-erbB-2 immunocytochemical expression in tumours (cut-off point 35%) significantly correlated with the patients' poor overall survival in N+ and in N- patients (Kaplan-Meier, log-rank test, P = 0.045 and P = 0.015). Also, marked c-erbB-2 immunohistochemical expression correlates with short disease-free (P = 0.005), recurrence-free (P = 0.048) and metastasis-free survival (P = 0.05) (Kaplan-Meier, log-rank test) in N+, but not in N- subgroups. It is concluded that in optimal conditions (automated and quantitative ICAs on frozen sections) c-erbB immunohistochemical expression is a significant prognostic indicator in terms of overall and disease-free survival. The c-erbB-2 protein prognostic significance is independent of node status in terms of overall survival...

‣ Expression of Erk5 in early stage breast cancer and association with disease free survival identifies this kinase as a potential therapeutic target

Montero, Juan Carlos; Ocaña, Alberto; Abad, María del Mar; Ortiz-Ruiz, María Jesús; Pandiella, Atanasio; Esparís-Ogando, Azucena
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 721721 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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8 páginas, 4 figuras, 4 tablas.; [Background]: Breast cancer is the most common neoplasia in women. Even though advances in its treatment have improved disease outcome, some patients relapse. Therefore, attempts to better define the molecular determinants that drive breast cancer cell proliferation may help in defining potential therapeutic targets. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) play important roles in tumorigenesis. One of them, Erk5, has been linked to the proliferation of breast cancer cells in vitro. Here we have investigated the expression and prognostic value of Erk5 in human breast cancer.; [Methodology/Principal Findings]: Animal and cellular models were used to study Erk5 expression and function in breast cancer. In 84 human breast tumours the expression of Erk5 was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Active Erk5 (pErk5) was studied by Western blotting. Correlation of Erk5 with clinicopathological parameters and with disease-free survival in early stage breast cancer patients was analyzed. Expression of Erk5 was detected in most patients, and overexpression was found in 20%. Active Erk5 was present in a substantial number of samples, as well as in tumours from an animal breast cancer model. Overexpression of Erk5 was associated with a decrease in disease-free survival time...

‣ Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the salivary glands in Brazil: clinicopathological outcomes

Oliveira,Lucinei Roberto; Figueiredo Soave,Danilo; Oliveira-Costa,João Paulo; Sala Di Matteo,Miguel Angel; Ribeiro-Silva,Alfredo
Fonte: Revista Cubana de Estomatología Publicador: Revista Cubana de Estomatología
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.702217%
The biological features and clinical behavior of mucoepidermoid carcinomas are widely variable and poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate prognostic factors that may affect survival in patients with a primary diagnosis of head and neck mucoepidermoid carcinomas. The effects of age, gender, anatomic localization, tumor size, clinical stage, histological grade, recurrence, metastasis, compromised surgical margins and treatment on clinicopathological outcomes were investigated. Survival curves were generated using the Kaplan-Meier method and analyses were performed using the log rank test. A total of 16 cases were analyzed over a period of 18 years; males were 68.7 %, with ages ranging from 13 to 83 years. The 75 % of the tumors developed in the major salivary glands, 56.3 % in the parotid gland and they were predominantly classified as stage II 37.5 % and low-grade lesions 37.5 % at diagnosis. Surgical resection was performed in all patients. The follow-up period in this study ranged from 6 to 217 months. The 5 and 10-year overall survival rates were both 85.6 %. Disease-free survival rates were 81.8 % (5 years) and 68.2 % (10 years). There were statistically significant effects of tumor size (p= 0.05), metastasis (p= 0.04) and primary anatomic localization (p= 0.04) on disease-free survival rates. Through a long follow-up period in present study we could highlight the relevance of primary anatomical site...