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‣ Kidney Function and 24-Hour Proteinuria in Patients with Fabry Disease during 36 Months of Agalsidase Alfa Enzyme Replacement Therapy: A Brazilian Experience

THOFEHRN, Scheila; NETTO, Cristina; CECCHIN, Claudia; BURIN, Maira; MATTE, Ursula; BRUSTOLIN, Silvia; NUNES, Ane Claudia Fernandes; COELHO, Janice; TSAO, Marylin; JARDIM, Laura; GIUGLIANI, Roberto; BARROS, Elvino Jose Guardao
Fonte: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC Publicador: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background. Prior to the introduction of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), management of Fabry disease (FD) consisted of symptomatic and palliative measures. ERT has been available for several years using recombinant human agalsidase alfa, an analogue of alpha-galactosidase A (GALA). However, the limitations of ERT in improving kidney function have not been established. This study evaluates the safety and therapeutic effect of agalsidase alfa replacement in terms of kidney function and reduction in 24-hour proteinuria. Methods. During the period between January 1, 2002, and August 1, 2005, nine Fabry patients (7 male, 2 female) were treated according to protocol, receiving 0.2 mg/kg agalsidase alfa IV every two weeks. Kidney function was evaluated by measuring the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using chromium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate clearance ((51)Cr-EDTA mL/min/1.73 m(2)) at baseline, 12, 24, and 36 months. 24-hour proteinuria was measured at baseline, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months of ERT. Kidney disease was classified according to National Kidney Foundation Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (NKF/DOQI) Advisory Board criteria, which define stage I chronic kidney disease (CKD) as GFR >= 90mL/min/1.73 m(2), stage II as 60-89 mL/min/1.73m(2)...

‣ Fabry Disease in Hemodialysis Patients in Southern Brazil: Prevalence Study and Clinical Report

PORSCH, Daiana Benck; NUNES, Ane Claudia Fernandes; MILANI, Vagner; ROSSATO, Liana Bertolin; MATTOS, Cristiane Bastos; TSAO, Marilyn; NETTO, Cristina; BURIN, Maira; PEREIRA, Fernanda; MATTE, Ursula; GIUGLIANI, Roberto; BARROS, Elvino Jose Guardao
Fonte: INFORMA HEALTHCARE Publicador: INFORMA HEALTHCARE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Background. Fabry disease (FD) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of -Galactosidase A (-Gal A). Fabry nephropathy typically progresses throughout the fifth decade to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), requiring hemodialysis and/or kidney transplantation. Objective. To estimate the prevalence of FD among ESRD males on hemodialysis treatment in Rio Grande do Sul, the southernmost state of Brazil. Methods. Screening for -Gal A activity was performed by a dried blood spot (normal reference value: 1.5 nmoles/hour/mL). Positive screening results were confirmed by plasma -Gal A activity assay (reference value: 3.3 nmoles/hour/mL). Results. Five hundred fifty-eight male patients on hemodialysis were evaluated. Of these, only two had low -Gal A activity and were diagnosed with Fabry disease (0.36%). One of these, age 42, had left ventricular hypertrophy and renal manifestations of Fabry disease without the classic symptoms. The other, age 46, had the classical manifestations of angiokeratomas, acroparesthesias, hypohidrosis, and ocular opacities. Conclusions. Although the prevalence of Fabry disease was very low in our study (0.36%), routine screening of male hemodialysis patients would enable earlier identification of many other affected relatives in their families who might benefit from specific clinical treatment.; Ministry of Science and Technology...

‣ Angioqueratoma como marcador para o diagnóstico de doença de Fabry; Angiokeratoma: a marker for the diagnosis of Fabry disease

Kelmann, Samantha Vernaschi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/11/2013 Português
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INTRODUÇÃO: A Doença de Fabry (DF) é uma doença lisossomal de herança ligada ao X, causada pela deficiência da enzima alfa-galactosidase A (alfa-Gal A), que leva ao acúmulo gradual de glicoesfingolipídeos, em especial a globotriaosilceramida, nos lisossomos do endotélio vascular de tecidos cardíaco, renal, cerebral, olhos e pele. Os principais sintomas iniciais são: dores neuropáticas de extremidades, hipoidrose, dores abdominais recorrentes, angioqueratomas e córnea verticillata. As complicações, que aparecem a partir da terceira década de vida, incluem morte prematura por insuficiência renal, cardíaca e alterações cerebrovasculares. Angioqueratomas são uma das manifestações mais precoces da DF. OBJETIVOS: detectar os portadores da DF a partir de casos de angioqueratoma diagnosticados através de exames anatomopatológicos de biópsia cutânea; descrever o quadro clínico dos afetados e portadoras heterozigotas; realizar aconselhamento genético. MÉTODOS: Uma revisão sistemática de biópsias de pele de 2003 a 2012 foi feita em quatro hospitais universitários. Os pacientes foram convocados para anamnese, exame físico e coleta de história familial. A dosagem enzimática de alfa-Gal A por papel filtro e em leucócitos em homens e a análise molecular por PCR e sequenciamento do gene GLA em homens e mulheres foram realizados naqueles com suspeita de DF. RESULTADOS: Foram localizados 125 registros de angioqueratomas...

‣ Genomic analysis of Brazilian patients with fabry disease

Pereira, Fernanda dos Santos; Jardim, Laura Bannach; Netto, Cristina Brinckmann Oliveira; Burin, Maira Graeff; Cecchin, Cláudia Rafaela; Giugliani, Roberto; Matte, Ursula da Silveira
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.048286%
Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal disorder due to α-galactosidase A deficiency that causes storage of globotriaosylceramide. The gene coding for this lysosomal enzyme is located on the long arm of the X chromosome, in region Xq21.33-Xq22. Disease progression leads to vascular disease secondary to involvement of kidney, heart and the central nervous system. Detection of female carriers based solely on enzyme assays is often inconclusive. Therefore, mutation analysis is a valuable tool for diagnosis and genetic counseling. Many mutations of the α-galactosidase A gene have been reported with high genetic heterogeneity, being most mutations private found in only one family. The disease is panethnic, and estimates of incidence range from about 1 in 40,000 to 60,000 males. Our objective was to describe the analysis of 6 male and 7 female individuals belonging to 4 different Fabry disease families by automated sequencing of the seven exons of the α-galactosidase gene. Sequencing was performed using PCR fragments for each exon amplified from DNA extracted from peripheral blood. Three known mutations and one previously described in another Brazilian family were detected. Of 7 female relatives studied, 4 were carriers. Although the present study confirms the heterogeneity of mutations in Fabry disease...

‣ White matter lesions in Fabry disease before and after enzyme replacement therapy a 2-year follow-up; Lesões da substância branca na doença de Fabry antes e depois da terapia de reposição enzimática : um seguimento de 2 anos

Jardim, Laura Bannach; Aesse, Flávio Franciosi; Vedolin, Leonardo Modesti; Pitta-Pinheiro, Cláudio de Faria; Marconato, João; Burin, Maira Graeff; Cecchin, Cláudia Rafaela; Netto, Cristina Brinckmann Oliveira; Matte, Ursula da Silveira; Pereira, Ferna
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Objetivo: Relatar os achados neurológicos e de imagem do sistema nervoso central (SNC), observados durante 24 meses de tratamento de reposição enzimática (ERT) com agalsidase-alfa, em pacientes com a doença de Fabry (FD). Método: 8 pacientes foram incluídos; 6 completaram 24 meses de ERT. Os dados foram obtidos aos 0, 12 e 24 meses de ERT. Lesões de substância branca (WML) foram avaliadas assim como sua relação com a idade e o exame neurológico (escore SNC). Resultados: Os achados de ressonância nuclear magnética foram estáveis em 3 pacientes. As WML e o escore SNC pioraram em um caso; flutuaram em um outro caso; e melhoraram no sexto paciente. No todo, havia 15 WML antes da ERT e 19 WML depois de 24 meses de ERT. Em dois anos, 4 lesões desapareceram e 8 novas surgiram. Conclusões: Viu-se um padrão difuso de WML assintomáticas, na FD. Em dois anos, algumas WML surgiram, enquanto outras desapareceram. Resta demonstrar se esses fenômenos fazem parte da história natural da doença.; Purpose: To report the clinical and neuroimaging, central nervous system (CNS) findings of patients with Fabry disease (FD) during 24 months of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with agalsidasealpha. Method: Eight patients were included. Six completed 24 months of ERT. Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data were obtained at 0...

‣ Enzyme replacement therapy for Fabry disease : a systematic review and meta-analysis

Alegra, Taciane; Vairo, Filippo Pinto e; Souza, Monica Vinhas de; Krug, Bárbara Côrrea; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa Doederlein
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The specific treatment available for Fabry disease (FD) is enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with agalsidase alfa or beta. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of ERT for FD. Only double-blind, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing agalsidase alfa or beta and placebo were included. ERT with either agalsidase alfa or beta was considered similar for the purposes of analysis. Ten RCTs were identified, which showed improvements in neuropathic pain, in heart abnormalities and in globotriaosylceramide (GL-3) levels. A meta-analysis showed increased odds for fever, rigors, development of IgG antibodies to agalsidase, and no significant association with development of hypertension or reduction in the QRS complex duration on electrocardiogram. The RCTs included in this comparison enrolled few patients, were highly heterogeneous, and were focused mainly on surrogate endpoints, limiting any conclusions as to the real effect of ERT for FD. The available evidence suggests that response to ERT is variable across patient subgroups and that agalsidase may slow progression of FD, with slight improvement of existing changes. Nevertheless, many uncertainties remain, and further studies are necessary.

‣ Clinical and Pathological Findings in Women with Fabry Disease

Natário, A; Viana, H; Galvão, MJ; Carvalho, F
Fonte: Sociedade Portuguesa de Nefrologia e Hipertensão Publicador: Sociedade Portuguesa de Nefrologia e Hipertensão
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
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57.995713%
Introduction. Fabry disease is a rare metabolic disorder caused by the genetic deficiency of the lysosomal hydrolase alpha-galactosidase A, located on chromosome X. Females with the defective gene are more than carriers and can develop a wide range of symptoms. Nevertheless, disease symptoms generally occur later and are less severe in women than in men. The enzyme deficiency manifests as a glycosphingolipidosis with progressive accumulation of glycosphingolipids and deposit of inclusion bodies in lysosomes giving a myelinlike appearance. Patients and Methods. Records of renal biopsies performed on adults from 1st January 2008 to 31st August 2011, were retrospectively examined at the Renal Pathology Laboratory. We retrieved biopsies diagnosed with Fabry disease and reviewed clinical and laboratory data and pathology findings. Results. Four female patients with a mean age of 49.3±4.5 (44-55) years were identified. The mean proteinuria was 0.75±0.3 g/24h (0.4-1.2) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (CKD EPI equation) was 71±15.7 ml/min/1.73m2 (48-83). Three patients experienced extra-renal organ involvement (cerebrovascular, cardiac, dermatologic, ophthalmologic and thyroid) with distinct severity degrees. Leukocyte α-GAL A activity was below normal range in the four cases but plasma and urinary enzymatic activity was normal. Light microscopy showed predominant vacuolisation of the podocyte cytoplasm and darkly staining granular inclusions on paraffin and plastic-embedded semi-thin sections. Electron microscopy showed in three patients the characteristic myelin-like inclusions in the podocyte cytoplasm and also focal podocyte foot process effacement. In one case the inclusions were also present in parietal glomerular cells...

‣ Fabry disease - importance of screening in cornea verticillata: case report

Yonamine,Fabio Yamasato; Arantes,Tiago Eugênio Faria e; Muccioli,Cristina
Fonte: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia Publicador: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 Português
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Fabry disease is an X-linked disease of glycosphingolipid (GL) metabolism. The accumulation of GL in tissues can affect multiple organ systems. Initial symptoms includes episodes of severe pain in the extremities, cornea verticillata and skin lesions. In late stages, kidney, heart and brain can be involved. This report attempts for importance of cornea verticillata in the diagnosis of Fabry disease in a young patient with pain in the lower limb extremities.

‣ White matter lesions in Fabry disease before and after enzyme replacement therapy: a 2-year follow-up

Jardim,Laura B.; Aesse,Flávio; Vedolin,Leonardo M.; Pitta-Pinheiro,Cláudio; Marconato,João; Burin,Maira G.; Cecchin,Cláudia; Netto,Cristina B.O.; Matte,Ursula S.; Pereira,Fernanda; Kalakun,Luciane; Giugliani,Roberto
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2006 Português
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67.537744%
PURPOSE: To report the clinical and neuroimaging, central nervous system (CNS) findings of patients with Fabry disease (FD) during 24 months of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with agalsidase-alpha. METHOD: Eight patients were included. Six completed 24 months of ERT. Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data were obtained at 0, 12 and 24 months of ERT. White matter lesions (WML) were evaluated as well as their relation to age, symptoms and neurological examination (CNS score). RESULTS: MRI was stable in 3 patients. WML and CNS score worsened in one patient, fluctuated in another, and improved in the sixth patient. In the whole series, there were 15 WML at baseline, and 19 at the 24th month. In two years, 4 lesions disappeared, whereas 8 appeared. CONCLUSION: A widespread pattern of silent WML in FD was seen. In two years, some WML appeared, and some disappeared. If these phenomena were related to the natural history, remains to be demonstrated.

‣ Genomic analysis of Brazilian patients with Fabry disease

Pereira,F.S.; Jardim,L.B.; Netto,C.B.; Burin,M.G.; Cecchin,C.; Giugliani,R.; Matte,U.S.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.995713%
Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal disorder due to a-galactosidase A deficiency that causes storage of globotriaosylceramide. The gene coding for this lysosomal enzyme is located on the long arm of the X chromosome, in region Xq21.33-Xq22. Disease progression leads to vascular disease secondary to involvement of kidney, heart and the central nervous system. Detection of female carriers based solely on enzyme assays is often inconclusive. Therefore, mutation analysis is a valuable tool for diagnosis and genetic counseling. Many mutations of the a-galactosidase A gene have been reported with high genetic heterogeneity, being most mutations private found in only one family. The disease is panethnic, and estimates of incidence range from about 1 in 40,000 to 60,000 males. Our objective was to describe the analysis of 6 male and 7 female individuals belonging to 4 different Fabry disease families by automated sequencing of the seven exons of the a-galactosidase gene. Sequencing was performed using PCR fragments for each exon amplified from DNA extracted from peripheral blood. Three known mutations and one previously described in another Brazilian family were detected. Of 7 female relatives studied, 4 were carriers. Although the present study confirms the heterogeneity of mutations in Fabry disease...

‣ Fabry disease: clinical and genotypic aspects of three cases in first degree relatives

Silva,Leticia Bueno Nunes da; Badiz,Thais Cardoso de Mello Tucunduva; Enokihara,Milvia Maria Simoes e Silva; Porro,Adriana Maria
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Dermatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 Português
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67.59083%
Fabry disease is an X-linked, lysosomal storage disease caused by the inherited deficiency of the enzyme α-galactosidase A. The diagnosis is usually late, with renal, cardiovascular and/or cerebral complications that reduce life expectancy. Angiokeratomas are asymptomatic lesions present as the initial manifestation and usually less appreciated. Their detection is important for early diagnosis and institution of treatment with enzyme replacement therapy, which prevents late complications reducing morbidity and mortality. We report a case of a male teenager with acroparestesias and angiokeratomas. Family medical research discovered that his mother and brother had similar signs and symptoms and that the three patients had the same mutation in the gene encoding the enzyme, confirming the diagnosis.

‣ Enzyme replacement therapy for Fabry disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Alegra,Taciane; Vairo,Filippo; de Souza,Monica V.; Krug,Bárbara C.; Schwartz,Ida V.D.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.73296%
The specific treatment available for Fabry disease (FD) is enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with agalsidase alfa or beta. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of ERT for FD. Only double-blind, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing agalsidase alfa or beta and placebo were included. ERT with either agalsidase alfa or beta was considered similar for the purposes of analysis. Ten RCTs were identified, which showed improvements in neuropathic pain, in heart abnormalities and in globotriaosylceramide (GL-3) levels. A meta-analysis showed increased odds for fever, rigors, development of IgG antibodies to agalsidase, and no significant association with development of hypertension or reduction in the QRS complex duration on electrocardiogram. The RCTs included in this comparison enrolled few patients, were highly heterogeneous, and were focused mainly on surrogate endpoints, limiting any conclusions as to the real effect of ERT for FD. The available evidence suggests that response to ERT is variable across patient subgroups and that agalsidase may slow progression of FD, with slight improvement of existing changes. Nevertheless, many uncertainties remain, and further studies are necessary.

‣ Inner ear involvement in Anderson-Fabry disease: long-term follow-up during enzyme replacement therapy

Sergi, B; Conti, G; Paludetti, G; “Interdisciplinary Study Group On Fabry Disease”,
Fonte: Pacini Editore SpA Publicador: Pacini Editore SpA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.865195%
This study aimed to evaluate audiological and vestibular involvement in Fabry disease and the effects of enzyme replacement therapy with human α-galactosidase A. The study population comprised 20 patients (11 males, 9 females) aged 15-69 years (mean 39.7). Patients underwent a complete clinical and instrumental evaluation before starting and during enzyme replacement therapy. Median follow-up was 51.5 months (range 25-73). Nine patients (45%) complained of hearing symptoms (hearing loss, tinnitus); for six of them the onset and/or progression of the hearing loss were sudden. Vertigo or dizziness was reported by 6 patients (30%). Audiological evaluation showed a sensorineural hearing loss in 18 ears (45%; 10 in male patients, 8 in females). The hearing thresholds for 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 kHz frequencies ranged from 10 to 65 dB HL. Hearing loss was unilateral in 8 cases (40%; 4 in male patients, 4 in females). Also high frequency hearing loss for 4 and 8 kHz was evaluated. No signs of retro-cochlear lesions were observed by means of otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem response. Vestibular examinations showed a functional impairment in 7 ears (17.5%, all male patients). During enzyme replacement therapy the auditory function showed some degrees of worsening but no significant changes were observed at statistical analysis. In conclusion involvement of the inner ear is common in men and women with Fabry disease. In this study...

‣ Early Diagnosis of Peripheral Nervous System Involvement in Fabry Disease and Treatment of Neuropathic Pain: The Report of an Expert Panel

Burlina, Allesandro P; Sims, Katherine Bustin; Politei, Juan M; Bennett, Gary J; Baron, Ralf; Sommer, Claudia; Moller, Anette Torvin; Hilz, Max J
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.12251%
Background: Fabry disease is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by progressive lysosomal accumulation of lipids in a variety of cell types, including neural cells. Small, unmyelinated nerve fibers are particularly affected and small fiber peripheral neuropathy often clinically manifests at young age. Peripheral pain can be chronic and/or occur as provoked attacks of excruciating pain. Manifestations of dysfunction of small autonomic fibers may include, among others, impaired sweating, gastrointestinal dysmotility, and abnormal pain perception. Patients with Fabry disease often remain undiagnosed until severe complications involving the kidney, heart, peripheral nerves and/or brain have arisen. Methods: An international expert panel convened with the goal to provide guidance to clinicians who may encounter unrecognized patients with Fabry disease on how to diagnose these patients early using simple diagnostic tests. A further aim was to offer recommendations to control neuropathic pain. Results: We describe the neuropathy in Fabry disease, focusing on peripheral small fiber dysfunction - the hallmark of early neurologic involvement in this disorder. The clinical course of peripheral pain is summarized, and the importance of medical history-taking...

‣ Immunoquantification of a-galactosidase: Evaluation for the diagnosis of Fabry Disease

Fuller, M.; Lovejoy, M.; Brooks, D.; Harkin, M.; Hopwood, J.; Meikle, P.
Fonte: Amer Assoc Clinical Chemistry Publicador: Amer Assoc Clinical Chemistry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.111416%
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease is an X-linked inborn error of glycosphingolipid catabolism resulting from a deficiency of the lysosomal exoglycohydrolase, alpha-galactosidase. Enzyme replacement therapy is currently available for Fabry disease, but early diagnosis before the onset of irreversible pathology will be mandatory for successful treatment. Presymptomatic detection would be possible through the use of a newborn-screening program. We report on the use of sensitive assays for the measurement of alpha-galactosidase protein and activity and for the protein saposin C, which are diagnostic markers for Fabry disease. METHODS: Two sensitive immunoassays for the measurement of alpha-galactosidase activity and protein were used to determine the concentrations of alpha-galactosidase in dried filter-paper blood spots and plasma samples from control patients and patients with a lysosomal storage disorder (LSD). RESULTS: Fabry hemizygous individuals were clearly identified from control populations by decreases in both alpha-galactosidase activity and protein. Fabry heterozygotes generally fell between the hemizygotes and controls. Including the measurement of saposin C enabled differentiation between Fabry heterozygotes and controls. In blood spots...

‣ Screening for Fabry Disease in Left Ventricular Hypertrophy: Documentation of a Novel Mutation

Baptista,Ana; Magalhães,Pedro; Leão,Sílvia; Carvalho,Sofia; Mateus,Pedro; Moreira,Ilídio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.98034%
AbstractBackground:Fabry disease is a lysosomal storage disease caused by enzyme α-galactosidase A deficiency as a result of mutations in the GLA gene. Cardiac involvement is characterized by progressive left ventricular hypertrophy.Objective:To estimate the prevalence of Fabry disease in a population with left ventricular hypertrophy.Methods:The patients were assessed for the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy defined as a left ventricular mass index ≥ 96 g/m2 for women or ≥ 116 g/m2 for men. Severe aortic stenosis and arterial hypertension with mild left ventricular hypertrophy were exclusion criteria. All patients included were assessed for enzyme α-galactosidase A activity using dry spot testing. Genetic study was performed whenever the enzyme activity was decreased.Results:A total of 47 patients with a mean left ventricular mass index of 141.1 g/m2 (± 28.5; 99.2 to 228.5 g/m2] were included. Most of the patients were females (51.1%). Nine (19.1%) showed decreased α-galactosidase A activity, but only one positive genetic test − [GLA] c.785G>T; p.W262L (exon 5), a mutation not previously described in the literature. This clinical investigation was able to establish the association between the mutation and the clinical presentation.Conclusion:In a population of patients with left ventricular hypertrophy...

‣ New mutations in the GLA gene in Brazilian families with Fabry disease

Turaca, Lauro Thiago; Pessoa, Juliana Gilbert; Motta, Fabiana Louise; Munoz Rojas, Maria Veronica; Mueller, Karen Barbosa; Lourenço, Charles Marques; Marques Júnior, Wilson; D'Almeida, Vania; Martins, Ana Maria; Pesquero, Joao Bosco
Fonte: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP; NEW YORK Publicador: NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP; NEW YORK
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.62679%
Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked inborn error of glycosphingolipid catabolism that results from mutations in the alpha-galactosidase A (GLA) gene. Evaluating the enzymatic activity in male individuals usually performs the diagnosis of the disease, but in female carriers the diagnosis based only on enzyme assays is often inconclusive. In this work, we analyzed 568 individuals from 102 families with suspect of FD. Overall, 51 families presented 38 alterations in the GLA gene, among which 19 were not previously reported in literature. The alterations included 17 missense mutations, 7 nonsense mutations, 7 deletions, 6 insertions and 1 in the splice site. Six alterations (R112C, R118C, R220X, R227X, R342Q and R356W) occurred at CpG dinucleotides. Five mutations not previously described in the literature (A156D, K237X, A292V, I317S, c.1177_1178insG) were correlated with low GLA enzyme activity and with prediction of molecular damages. From the 13 deletions and insertions, 7 occurred in exons 6 or 7 (54%) and 11 led to the formation of a stop codon. The present study highlights the detection of new genomic alterations in the GLA gene in the Brazilian population, facilitating the selection of patients for recombinant enzyme-replacement trials and offering the possibility to perform prenatal diagnosis. Journal of Human Genetics (2012) 57...

‣ Prevalencia de enfermedad de Fabry en pacientes en lista de trasplante y posttrasplante renal en fundación cardioinfantil Bogotá

Saravia Bermeo, Isabel Cristina; Ducuara Rodriguez, Daniel Humberto
Fonte: Facultad de Medicina Publicador: Facultad de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bachelorThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/07/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Introducción: La Enfermedad de Fabry (EF), es una enfermedad multisistémica de almacenamiento lisosomal ligada al cromosoma X que afecta principalmente a hombres, pero también puede causar significativa morbilidad en las mujeres heterocigotas (1–5). La deficiencia de la enzyma α-galactosidaseA (α-Gal A,) provoca acumulación de glicosfingolipidos que afectan diferentes tipos celulares entre ellos el endotelio vascular en vasos de pequeño calibre, células epiteliales y Músculo liso en el sistema cardiovascular (cardiomiocitos), sistema nervioso y células epiteliales tubulares del riñón (6,7). Complicaciones como la falla renal es la causa de muerte más frecuente en la EF (7,8). La incidencia se ha calculado en 1 de cada 117.000 nacidos vivos. (9). Objetivos: Determinar la prevalencia de la Enfermedad de Fabry en pacientes con Insuficiencia renal terminal que se encuentren en lista de trasplante y Post-trasplante Renal en Fundación Cardioinfantil Bogotá. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional en donde se evaluó la prevalencia de la EF en todos los sujetos mayores de 18 años que se encuentren en lista de trasplante y post-trasplante renal. Resultados: La prevalencia de Enfermedad de Fabry en 98 pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica fue de 7.1% para la muestra general y 12.9% para la muestra con etiología idiopática Conclusiones: La Enfermedad de Fabry es una importante casusa de Enfermedad Renal Crónica Terminal principalmente en el grupo de etiología idiopática. Palabras Clave: Enfermedad de Fabry (FA); Introduction: Fabry disease (EF) is a multisystemic lysosomal storage disease linked to the X chromosome which mainly affects men...

‣ Evaluation of oxidative stress markers and cardiovascular risk factors in Fabry Disease patients

Müller,Karen B.; Galdieri,Luciano C.; Pereira,Vanessa G.; Martins,Ana M.; D'Almeida,Vânia
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 Português
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Fabry Disease, an X-linked inborn error of metabolism, is characterized by progressive renal insufficiency, with cardio and cerebrovascular involvement. Homocysteine (Hcy) is considered a risk factor for vascular diseases, but the mechanisms by which it produces cardiovascular damage are still poorly understood. Regarding the vascular involvement in FD patients, the analysis of factors related to thromboembolic events could be useful to improving our understanding of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate plasma Hcy and other parameters involved in the methionine cycle, as well as oxidative stress markers. The sample consisted of a group of 10 male FD patients and a control group of 8 healthy individuals, paired by age. Venous blood was collected for Hcy determination, molecular analysis, identification of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, total glutathione and antioxidant enzymes activity, as well as vitamins quantification. Comparative analysis of FD patients versus the control group indicated hyperhomocysteinemia in 8 of the 10 FD patients, as well as a significant increase in overall glutathione levels and catalase activity. It is inferred that FD patients, apart from activation of the antioxidant system, present increased levels of plasma Hcy...

‣ Home infusion program for Fabry disease: experience with agalsidase alfa in Argentina

Kisinovsky,Isaac; Cáceres,Guillermo; Coronel,Cristina; Reisin,Ricardo
Fonte: Medicina (Buenos Aires) Publicador: Medicina (Buenos Aires)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 Português
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Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by inherited deficiency of the enzyme α-galactosidase A. Enzyme replacement treatment using agalsidase alfa significantly reduces pain, improves cardiac function and quality of life, and slows renal deterioration. Nevertheless, it is a life-long treatment which requires regular intravenous infusions and entails a great burden for patients. Our objective was to evaluate retrospectively the safety and tolerability of the home infusion of agalsidase alfa in patients with Fabry disease in Argentina. We evaluated all the patients with Fabry disease who received home infusion with agalsidase alfa 0.2 mg/kg between January 2005 and June 2011. The program included 87 patients; 51 males (mean age: 30 years) and 36 females (mean age: 34 years). A total of 5229 infusions (mean: 59 per patient; range: 1-150) were administered. A total of 5 adverse reactions were seen in 5 patients (5.7% of patients and 0.9% of the total number of infusions). All were mild in severity and resolved by reducing the rate of infusion and by using antihistaminics. All these 5 patients were positive for IgG antibodies, but none of them presented IgE antibodies and none suffered an anaphylactic shock. In our group 18 patients were switched from agalsidase beta to agalsidase alfa without complications. Home infusion with agalsidase alfa is safe...