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‣ Farming technology, biochemistry characterization, and protective effects of culinary-medicinal mushrooms Agaricus brasiliensis S. Wasser et al. and Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Singer: Five years of research in Brazil

Ferreira Da Eira, Augusto; Kaneno, Ramon; Rodrigues Filho, Edson; Barbisan, Luis Fernando; Pascholati, Sérgio Florentine; Di Piero, Robson M.; Fávero Salvadori, Daisy Maria; Alves de Lima, Patrícia Lepage; Ribeiro, Lúcia Regina
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 281-299
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
372.9909%
The biotechnology, biochemical characterization, and protective effects of the himematsutake and shiitake mushrooms were studied for the Thematic Project, from 1998 to 2003. A new species, Agaricus Brasiliens is Wasser et al. (= A. blazei Murrill ss. Heinem.), was proposed for the cultivated lineages in Brazil. Interactions among lineages, substrates, casing layers, and fructification inductions (temperature alternations) significantly increased the productivity of A. brasiliensis in Brazil (from 40 g to 200 g of fresh mushroom kg -1 moist compost). However, pests and diseases (mainly Sciaridae flies and false truffle), drastically reduced the productivity of A. brasiliensis (below 50 g kg -1). Biochemically for each mushroom species, the polar extracts, no polars, and medium polarity presented the same organic substances; however, their concentrations differed as a result of the lineages, maturation of the fruit bodies, and cultivation conditions. In this aspect, concentration of linoleic acid in A. brasiliensis (added to animal food) was related directly to the chemical protection against carcinogenic drugs in mice. Aqueous extracts of Lentinus edodes (= Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler) and A. brasiliensis may be preventive chemical protectors against mutagenic and carcinogenic drugs...

‣ Participação da agricultura familiar na alimentação escolar na região administrativa de Registro-SP; Family farming participation in the school feeding on administrative region of Registro-SP

Bruna Barone
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
379.41625%
O Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE) no Brasil vincula-se, por lei, à Agricultura Familiar (AF) ao determinar que no mínimo 30% dos recursos financeiros repassados pelo Governo Federal deverão ser utilizados na aquisição de gêneros alimentícios diretamente desta atividade. Tal fato tem gerado aumento de oferta de frutas e hortaliças nas refeições escolares com intuito de contribuir para uma alimentação saudável. Concomitantemente, o uso de Vegetais Minimamente Processados (VMP) no cardápio da Alimentação Escolar é uma alternativa promissora, devido aos benefícios como, melhor qualidade higiênico-sanitária e menores custos com mão de obra. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a inserção de frutas e hortaliças provenientes da AF na Alimentação Escolar, em municípios da Região Administrativa (RA) de Registro-SP. Trata-se de um estudo quali-quantitativo, transversal de caráter descritivo. A coleta de dados foi dividida em duas etapas, sendo que na etapa inicial foi realizado o levantamento de dados preliminares, por meio de entrevista telefônica, com auxílio de um Instrumento de Coleta de Dados (ICD). Onze municípios foram selecionados e aceitaram participar da pesquisa. Na segunda etapa...

‣ Organic acids concentration in citrus juice from conventional versus organic farming

Duarte, Amílcar; Caixeirinho, Dalila da Cruz; Miguel, Maria Graça; Sustelo, V.; Nunes, Carla; Fernandes, M. M.; Marreiros, António
Fonte: International Society for Horticultural Science Publicador: International Society for Horticultural Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
398.48844%
Every day consumers make choices about what to eat and ask themselves “Should I be buying organic food?” For producers, is very important to have technical information about the quality of organic products. It can facilitate to demonstrate the quality of organic products, in comparison with conventional ones. The purpose of our work was to compare internal and external characteristics of citrus, produced in organic versus conventional farming. The study was carried out in the south of Portugal. Fruits of different orchards have been harvested and submitted to physical and chemical analyses, as well as to a sensorial test. The analyses showed that the farming system affected fruit quality. Special attention was paid to the concentration of vitamin C, a compound which plays an important role in human health. Fruits from organic farming had a higher level of vitamin C, compared with fruits from conventional production. However, this result was not obtained in all cultivars. The concentration of other organic acids was also evaluated. Results showed clear differences between cultivars and between the two farming systems. In most cases, concentration of organic acids was higher in the citrus fruits from organic farming.

‣ Biological activity of soils under systems of organic farming, agroforestry and pasture in the Amazon

Silva,Irene Ferro; Araújo Neto,Sebastião Elviro de; Kusdra,Jorge Ferreira
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Ceará Publicador: Universidade Federal do Ceará
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
293.87535%
The aim of this work was to evaluate biological indicators of soils used under the systems of organic farming, agroforestry and pasture in the south western part of the Amazon region of Brazil. The experiment was carried out at the Seridó Ecological Site, located in Rio Branco, in the state of Acre, Brazil. The experimental design was completely randomised, with five treatments (land-use systems) and six replications, with each replication consisting of four single samples. The systems of land use evaluated were: 1) native forest (control); 2) agroforestry (AFS); 3) pasture; 4) intercropped passion fruit, maize, cassava, pineapple and forage peanut; and 5) intercropped passion fruit, maize, cassava, pineapple and tropical kudzu. It was found that organic farming systems intercropped with kudzu resulted in smaller losses of C-CO2 through edaphic respiration, and a greater accumulation of microbial biomass carbon. The intercropped organic farming system which included the forage peanut resulted in a greater loss than retention of carbon in the soil at a depth of 5-10 cm. Soil under the agroforestry system was equivalent to the soil of the control (native forest) in relation to the release and retention of carbon through biological activity. At a depth of 5-10 cm...

‣ The Impact of Organic Farming on Quality of Tomatoes Is Associated to Increased Oxidative Stress during Fruit Development

Oliveira, Aurelice B.; Moura, Carlos F. H.; Gomes-Filho, Enéas; Marco, Claudia A.; Urban, Laurent; Miranda, Maria Raquel A.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/02/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
306.59844%
This study was conducted with the objective of testing the hypothesis that tomato fruits from organic farming accumulate more nutritional compounds, such as phenolics and vitamin C as a consequence of the stressing conditions associated with farming system. Growth was reduced in fruits from organic farming while titratable acidity, the soluble solids content and the concentrations in vitamin C were respectively +29%, +57% and +55% higher at the stage of commercial maturity. At that time, the total phenolic content was +139% higher than in the fruits from conventional farming which seems consistent with the more than two times higher activity of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) we observed throughout fruit development in fruits from organic farming. Cell membrane lipid peroxidation (LPO) degree was 60% higher in organic tomatoes. SOD activity was also dramatically higher in the fruits from organic farming. Taken together, our observations suggest that tomato fruits from organic farming experienced stressing conditions that resulted in oxidative stress and the accumulation of higher concentrations of soluble solids as sugars and other compounds contributing to fruit nutritional quality such as vitamin C and phenolic compounds.

‣ Climate Change and Apple Farming in Indian Himalayas: A Study of Local Perceptions and Responses

Basannagari, Basavaraj; Kala, Chandra Prakash
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/10/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
291.51105%
Apple farming is an important activity and profession of farmer communities in the Himalayan states of India. At present, the traditional apple farming is under stress due to changes in climate. The present study was undertaken in an Indian Himalayan state, Himachal Pradesh, with the major aim of studying perceptions of farmers on the effects of climate change on apple farming along the altitudinal gradient. Through questionnaire survey, the perceptions of farmers were recorded at low hills (<2500 m), mid-hills (2500–3000 m), and upper hills (>3000 m). At all elevation range the majority of farmers reported that there was increase in atmospheric temperature, and hence at low hills 72% farmers believed that this increase in temperature was responsible for decline in fruit size and so that the quality. Thirty five percent farmers at high hills and 30% at mid hills perceived frost as a major cause for damaging apple farming whereas at low hills 24% farmers perceived hailstorm as the major deterrent for apple farming. The majority of farmers, along the altitude (92% at high hills, 79% at mid hills and 83% at low hills), reported decrease in snowfall. The majority of farmers at low altitude and mid altitude reported decline in apple farming whereas 71% farmers at high hill areas refused decline in apple farming. About 73–83% farmers admitted delay in apple’s harvesting period. At mid hills apple scab and at low hills pest attack on apple crops are considered as the indicators of climate change. The change in land use practices was attributed to climate change and in many areas the land under apple farming was replaced for production of coarse grains...

‣ A produção de abacaxi: estratégias de reprodução da agricultura familiar no município de Monte Alegre de Minas (MG); The pineapple production: reproduction strategies of family farming in Monte Alegre de Minas

Guimarães, Alessandra Rodrigues
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Geografia (RC); Regional de Catalão (RC) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Geografia (RC); Regional de Catalão (RC)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
372.9909%
Agricultural activities have always been the basis of the economy of the municipality of Monte Alegre de Minas. With regard to the production of pineapple, the history of this crop in the county began in the 1940s, by a natural producer of Caicó (RN). Since then, production began to expand in the city. The 1980s was the peak period of production. The city was recognized nationally as the "National Pineapple Capital" because he had an annual output of 149 million harvested. However, in the late 1990s, this production began to decline, due to several factors such as the cost of production, lack of incentives, the insertion of cane sugar in the Minas Triangle, the cultivation of soybeans and corn. And with that, many producers stopped the cultivation of fruit, they were getting more profit planting other crops than with the actual cultivation of pineapple. Even with decreased production, pineapple cultivation in Monte Alegre de Minas caused a (re) productive organization in the city. Thus, this research aims to understand the reproductive strategies of family farmers pineapple farmers, faced with socio-spatial and economic transformations in Monte Alegre de Minas (MG). The methodological procedures that bolstered the research were focused on theoretical review in theses...

‣ Fruit farming in Ontario, Canada (1911)

Ontario. Ministry of Agriculture and Food
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Livro
Português
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488.9985%
Printed by order of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.

‣ Trade and poverty in Paraguay: the case of an agribusiness value chain

Masi, Fernando; Setrini, Gustavo; Arce, Lucas; González, Cynthia; Servín, Belén
Fonte: ECLAC Publicador: ECLAC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
295.4239%
Incluye bibliografía; We propose a methodology involving surveys carried out among a group of small producers linked to a cooperative (Capiibary) to analyse the link between trade and poverty via the inclusion of small family farmers in a value chain headed by a large exporter in Paraguay, Frutika, to which they sell their output of passion fruit (mburucuyá) and other fruits. The cooperative and the firm are located in one of Paraguay{lcub}u2019{rcub}s poorest regions, with a poverty coefficient of 41.8% and an even higher incidence of 46.3% in the rural part of the region. The main focus is on evaluating the impact of the linkage between small farmers and Frutika, the control being a group of family farmers in the cooperative who have no ties to it. The findings as regards the factors accounting for the different levels of poverty and the income effects of participating in the value chain indicate that belonging to the fruit farming chain has a very large influence in explaining why both the poverty gap and the severity of poverty are lower among producers who are in the chain than among those who are not. Poverty falls by much more in the group of producers within the fruit farming chain than among those outside it. Although belonging to the chain improves the relative position of the farmers concerned...

‣ Reinvesting in African Small-Holder Agriculture : The Role of Tree Crops in Sustainable Farming Systems

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
387.9834%
This Policy and Strategy Paper contributes to an ongoing policy debate-within the Bank but also with its client governments-about the role of tree crops in various production systems, and as key commodities in the trade portfolio of various African nations. It attempts to answer the following questions: a) What is the role of tree crops in a rural development strategy focused on smallholders? B) Under what conditions can small-holder tree crops be included in such a strategy, and be viable, and what are the operational guidelines to do so? The set of tree crops considered includes cashew nuts, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, gum arabic, oil palm, rubber, and tea. Other tree crops, such as teak and tropical fruit, hold less economic importance for the subcontinent, and are thus excluded from the analysis. Although plantations exist for many of these crops, small-holders play a major role in their overall production. These small-holder systems are mixed farming systems, including a variety of annual crops as well as major...

‣ The Fruit of Her Labor : Promoting Gender-Equitable Agribusiness in Papua New Guinea

World Bank; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
379.41625%
The overall goal of this report is to assist the World Bank Group (WBG) to achieve greater impact for women from its current activities in agribusiness in Papua New Guinea (PNG), and to provide clear recommendations on additional interventions aimed at improving outcomes for women. The report focuses on the supply chains for coffee, cocoa, and horticultural products (fresh produce), as there is a wealth of knowledge on these supply chains and on gender issues, and these provide the best opportunity to identify entry points for follow-up activities. Given the importance of smallholders in PNG, and the need to understand gender dynamics in farming, this report pays particular attention to the roles and constraints faced by smallholders, without in so doing wishing to diminish the importance of the roles played by other actors in these supply chains.

‣ Uzbekistan : Strengthening the Horticulture Value Chain

Larson, Donald F.; Khidirov, Dilshod; Ramniceanu, Irina
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
292.38477%
Why produce a policy note on horticulture in Uzbekistan? There are several answers to this existential question, although they are not necessarily obvious ones. Agriculture, taken as a whole, constitutes a small and declining share of Uzbekistan s national income, and horticulture is a small share of agricultural income. Even so, it is an important source of income for the 4.7 million households that operate dehkan farms in rural and disproportionally poor communities. Horticultural products are grown on an additional 21 thousand larger private farms as well. Evidence in this note suggests that growing fruit and vegetables is among the most profitable activities on both dehkan and private farms and, over the last ten years, the incomes those activities generate comprised a growing share of national GDP. Horticultural export earnings have also surged in recent years, growing from USD 373 million in 2006 to USD 1.16 billion in 2010. Uzbekistan has special agro-ecological conditions that set it apart from most countries and provides the basis for its horticulture subsector. Like agriculture as a whole...

‣ The Fruit of Her Labor

World Bank Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
386.0489%
The overall goal of this report is to assist the World Bank Group (WBG) to achieve greater impact for women from its current activities in agribusiness in Papua New Guinea (PNG), and to provide clear recommendations on additional interventions aimed at improving outcomes for women. The report focuses on the supply chains for coffee, cocoa, and horticultural products (fresh produce), as there is a wealth of knowledge on these supply chains and on gender issues, and these provide the best opportunity to identify entry points for follow-up activities. Given the importance of smallholders in PNG, and the need to understand gender dynamics in farming, this report pays particular attention to the roles and constraints faced by smallholders, without in so doing wishing to diminish the importance of the roles played by other actors in these supply chains.

‣ South Africa : A Smallholder’s Innovative Approach to Producing and Exporting Fruit; Afrique du Sud : Approche innovatrice d'un petit exploitant a la production et a l'exportation de fruits

Hart, Tim; Billet, Aubrey; Burgess, Roberta
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
384.06875%
Exporting deciduous fruit from the Western Cape Province of South Africa to markets in Europe, North America and Asia contributes significantly to the province's Gross Domestic Product. The main export producers are large-scale farmers. Even with the change in discriminatory legislation and practices in South Africa after 1994, few smallholder farmers have penetrated this market. The few smallholders who manage to export their fruit do so through collective or individual arrangements with large-scale commercial operations. One such farmer is Aubrey Billet from Haarlem. He started exporting apples in the 1970s. Over the decades, he developed his own knowledge and innovations in both fruit production and socio-economic arrangements and was able to continue exporting most of his annual apple crop. This article discusses the lessons learned from this farmer's grafting experiments.

‣ Strengthening the Performance of Samoa's Fruit and Vegetable Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
382.41203%
Numerous opportunities exist to improve the performance of Samoa's fresh fruit and vegetable (F&V) sector. Current per capita consumption appears to be low by regional and global standards indicating prospects for future demand growth and a need for increased awareness of the dietary benefits of fruit and vegetable consumption. A large share of the existing demand for fruits and vegetables is being met by imports and there appears to be scope for encouraging domestic production to reduce Samoa's import dependence. The presence of well-organized retail and foodservice channels represent a considerable advantage to an organized fresh produce supply chain, provided that domestic producers are able to meet buyer standards for product continuity, quality and price. There are several products which could also be developed into sustainable export commodities. A range of on-farm investments, training, organizational and research priorities have been identified to enable the F&V sub-sector to respond to these potential market opportunities. Following an appraisal of opportunities and an analysis of value chains for representative commodities which might be grown in response to demand from the local market...

‣ Comprehensive Assessment of the Agriculture Sector in Liberia : Volume 2, Sub-sector Reports, Part I

Ministry of Agriculture (Liberia)
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Rural Development Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
309.98467%
The overall objective of the Comprehensive Assessment of the Agricultural Sector (CAAS) is to provide an evidence base to enable appropriate strategic policy responses by the Government of Liberia (GoL) and its development partners in order to maximize the contribution of the agriculture sector to the Government's overarching policy objectives. Given the strong relationship between growth in agricultural productivity and poverty reduction, future efforts in Liberia need to focus on productivity enhancing measures with a pro-poor focus that increase incomes. Growth based on extensification using traditional technologies is generally not profitable and has damaging implications for the environment. Given the low level of assets possessed by most Liberians, future efforts need to address the question of access to assets (i.e. land, knowledge and inputs) in addition to providing opportunities and an enabling environment. Liberia needs to make concerted efforts to preserve and consolidate its emerging stability by focusing on interventions to ensure food security and poverty alleviation at the community and household levels. Improving access to food and generating sustainable...

‣ Trade and poverty in Paraguay: the case of an agribusiness value chain

Masi, Fernando; Setrini, Gustavo; Arce, Lucas; González, Cynthia; Servín, Belén
Fonte: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe Publicador: CEPAL - Comissão Econômica para a América Latina e o Caribe
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
295.4239%
Includes bibliography; We propose a methodology involving surveys carried out among a group of small producers linked to a cooperative (Capiibary); to analyse the link between trade and poverty via the inclusion of small family farmers in a value chain headed by a large exporter in Paraguay, Frutika, to which they sell their output of passion fruit (mburucuyá); and other fruits. The cooperative and the firm are located in one of Paraguay's poorest regions, with a poverty coefficient of 41.8% and an even higher incidence of 46.3% in the rural part of the region. The main focus is on evaluating the impact of the linkage between small farmers and Frutika, the control being a group of family farmers in the cooperative who have no ties to it. The findings as regards the factors accounting for the different levels of poverty and the income effects of participating in the value chain indicate that belonging to the fruit farming chain has a very large influence in explaining why both the poverty gap and the severity of poverty are lower among producers who are in the chain than among those who are not. Poverty falls by much more in the group of producers within the fruit farming chain than among those outside it. Although belonging to the chain improves the relative position of the farmers concerned...

‣ Sustainability assessment of urban rooftop farming using an interdisciplinary approach

Sanyé Mengual, Esther
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
315.0962%
L'agricultura urbana està florint al voltant de les ciutats del món desenvolupat com a resposta a l'augment de població urbana, la creixent conscienciació ambiental entorn el sistema industrial d'aliments i la necessitat d'abordar problemàtiques socials. Aquests nous sistemes de producció local d'aliments tenen com a objectiu desenvolupar models sostenibles que restableixin les relacions entre productors i consumidors, alhora que impulsen les economies locals i redueixen el transport associat als aliments. D'altra banda, la recent crisi financera i l'expansió dels espais abandonats a les ciutats han revitalitzat els projectes d'agricultura urbana, no només a nivell d'autogestió (és a dir, de forma comunitària o privada), sinó també a nivell comercial. En particular, els nous professionals i els agricultors urbans han trobat en els terrats de la ciutat un espai buit on situar la producció d'aliments, donant lloc al desenvolupament de l'agricultura urbana en coberta. Conseqüentment, granges, hivernacles i jardins han colonitzat les cobertes dels edificis. No obstant, manca una avaluació específica de la potencial implementació i el perfil de sostenibilitat de les diferents formes d'agricultura urbana en coberta, tècniques de cultiu i cultius. En aquest context...

‣ USO DO TERRITÓRIO NO VALE DO SÃO FRANCISCO: SISTEMA TÉCNICO AGRÍCOLA DA FRUTICULTURA IRRIGADA; THE USE OF THE TERRITORY OF THE SÃO FRANCISCO VALLEY: AGRICULTURAL TECHNICAL SYSTEM OF IRRIGATED FRUIT FARMING

Ramos, Soraia de Fátima
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia Humana. Universidade de São Paulo. Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia Humana. Universidade de São Paulo.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
588.9985%
O artigo sintetiza aspectos da orientação teórico-metodológica de Milton Santos com a apresentação da problemática de dissertação de mestrado, realizada no Departamento de Geografia da Universidade de São Paulo entre 1998 e 2001. O objetivo é indicar o referencial teórico que substanciou a pesquisa, a qual teve por meta investigar os novos usos do território no Submédio do Vale do São Francisco, região nordeste do Brasil. Desde meados da década de 1970, com a expansão seletiva do meio técnico científico informacional pelo país, se constitui em parcela da porção semi-árida, nos municípios de Petrolina-PE e Juazeiro-BA, o sistema técnico agrícola da fruticultura irrigada de exportação. A dinâmica do território regional - objetos e ações - foi analisada à luz das modernizações e especialização da produção no campo.; The article summarizes aspects of Milton Santos' theoretical and methodological guidance with the presentation of the issue of master's thesis, conducted at the Department of Geography, University of São Paulo between 1998 and 2001. The purpose is to indicate the theoretical reference that supported the research, which aimed to investigate new uses of the territory in Submédio São Francisco Valley...

‣ THE USE OF THE TERRITORY OF THE SÃO FRANCISCO VALLEY: AGRICULTURAL TECHNICAL SYSTEM OF IRRIGATED FRUIT FARMING; USO AGRÍCOLA DO TERRITÓRIO E TRABALHO CIENTÍFICO PARA O CAMPO MODERNO NO BRASIL

Nascimento Junior, Francisco C.
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia Humana. Universidade de São Paulo. Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia Humana. Universidade de São Paulo.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
588.9985%
A introdução de novas bases técnicas de produção no campo tornou o trabalho científico uma atividade central para a determinação das possibilidades de uso agrícola do território brasileiro no período atual. Neste breve texto analisaremos o processo de constituição do círculo de cooperação de pesquisa agrícola no Brasil, destacando, especialmente, o poder do Estado e do mercado no comando das pesquisas biotecnológicas dirigidas ao campo moderno. Por fim, num esforço de síntese, buscaremos reconhecer os paradoxos e contradições produzidos pela forma corporativa de realização do processo de modernização da atividade agrícola no território brasileiro.; The article summarizes aspects of Milton Santos' theoretical and methodological guidance with the presentation of the issue of master's thesis, conducted at the Department of Geography, University of São Paulo between 1998 and 2001. The purpose is to indicate the theoretical reference that supported the research, which aimed to investigate new uses of the territory in Submédio São Francisco Valley, northeast region of Brazil. Since mid-1970s, with the selective expansion of the technical scientific and informational milieu across the country, constitutes in part of the semi arid portion...