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‣ Funções comunicativas de partículas modais alemãs em fóruns de discussão na internet; Comunicative functions of german modals particles in discussion forums in the internet

Souza, Marilyn Landim de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/08/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.10822%
Os fóruns de discussão na internet apresentam características de língua falada, entre as quais a alta freqüência do uso de partículas modais (PMs). As PMs têm diversas funções complexas que só podem ser analisadas do ponto de vista pragmático ou conversacional. Nesta dissertação, são analisadas as funções comunicativas e conversacionais das partículas modais em oito excertos de um fórum alemão de discussão sobre política, economia e meio ambiente. As 26 PMs presentes no corpus e suas funções comunicativas foram identificadas, descritas e interpretadas com base na classificação de Helbig (1990), sendo as mais freqüentes ja1 (18% do total), also (11%) e eben (6%), que respondem juntas por 35% das ocorrências no corpus. As PMs foram também agrupadas de acordo com suas funções conversacionais. Propõe-se que as PMs atuam em 13 procedimentos específicos, aqui denominados ações conversacionais, níveis intermediários entre as funções comunicativas próprias de cada PM e as funções conversacionais propostas por Helbig (1990). Cinco funções conversacionais foram identificadas no corpus, a saber: indicadora atitudinal, indicadora ou modificadora de ilocução, articuladora conversacional, realizadora de estratégia interacional e conectora. Apenas a função definidora situacional não apresenta ocorrências...

‣ Aspectos pragmáticos da linguagem de crianças com síndrome de Down: comparação de duas situações; Pragmatic aspects of language in children with Down syndrome: comparison of two situations

Cunha, Eliza Porto da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/09/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Ao estudar o desenvolvimento da linguagem de crianças com síndrome de Down são vários os autores que concordam que todos os aspectos formais, tais como, fonologia, morfossintaxe e gramática, estão alterados nesses indivíduos. Além dos aspectos formais, alguns estudos descrevem como ocorre o uso funcional da linguagem nessas crianças. Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo verificar os aspectos pragmáticos da linguagem de crianças com síndrome de Down em duas situações. Para tanto, foram realizados dois estudos. O Estudo 1 teve como objetivo descrever o perfil funcional da comunicação de crianças com síndrome de Down. Participaram desse estudo 15 crianças com síndrome de Down, com idades entre quatro e seis anos e 11 meses. Foi filmada a interação de cada criança com seu terapeuta e os dados foram analisados para traçar o perfil comunicativo de cada uma delas. A maioria das crianças ocupou espaço comunicativo semelhante ao do terapeuta e houve predomínio de atos comunicativos produzidos com função interpessoal. As funções comunicativas mais utilizadas foram reconhecimento do outro, comentário e performativo. Ocorreu variedade no modo comunicativo utilizado pelas crianças e este influenciou de forma significante a ocupação do espaço comunicativo...

‣ Direito e economia: um estudo propedêutico de suas fronteiras; Law and economics: a propaedeutic study of their frontiers

Fischmann, Filipe
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/05/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A presente dissertação de mestrado apresenta resultados de investigação sobre o relacionamento entre o direito e a economia não só na vertente da análise econômica do direito proposta pela Escola de Chicago, mas também pela corrente teórica do final do século XIX e início do século XX. Para tanto, considerou a relação entre direito e economia especialmente a partir de uma perspectiva da teoria retórica do direito, em que um modelo hermêneutico é desenvolvido a partir da teoria das funções da linguagem de Roman Jakobson. Utilizando este modelo interpretativo, é apresentada uma discussão sobre os limites para uma interpretação pautada pela análise econômica do direito, considerando-se uma análise normativa que buscasse se orientar pelos critérios de Kaldor- Hicks e de Pareto. Quando voltada a exemplos, a presente dissertação destaca o direito concorrencial, tendo em vista o inter-relacionamento de conceitos econômicos e jurídicos neste ramo do direito, o que permite observar com maior clareza os desafios presentes na utilização de conceitos econômicos pelo discurso jurídico.; The present masters thesis presents results of an investigation on Law & Economics, not just based on the economic analysis of law developed by the Chicago School...

‣ Desempenho de escolares falantes do Português Brasileiro no Clinical Evolution of Linguage Functions - 4th edition (CELF-4); Performance of portuguese speaking school children in the Clinical Evaluation of Language Functions - 4th edition (CELF - 4)

Bento-Gaz, Ana Carolina Paiva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/06/2013 Português
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Para avaliar a linguagem infantil, há a necessidade da utilização de vários testes e a identificação das alterações deve ser realizada por meio de um sistema padronizado. No Brasil, há escassez de testes formais para avaliação da linguagem infantil. A tradução e adaptação de instrumentos já disponíveis em outras Línguas podem amenizar essa carência. Sendo assim, o objetivo geral deste estudo foi verificar o desempenho de escolares falantes do Português Brasileiro no Clinical Evaluation of Language Functions - 4th Edition (CELF - 4). Participaram deste estudo 160 escolares em desenvolvimento normal de linguagem, na faixa etária compreendida entre 7 e 10 anos de idade, sendo 80 deles recrutados em escola pública e 80 oriundos de escola particular da Zona Leste da cidade de São Paulo. Na primeira parte do estudo, apresentamos a tradução e adaptação do CELF-4 para o Português Brasileiro e os resultados obtidos mostraram que os procedimentos adotados na tradução do teste mantiveram sua equivalência com a versão original, indicando que não houve mudanças significativas no conteúdo e no formato do teste. Foi utilizado o ? de Cronbach para verificar a consistência interna de cada subteste do CELF-4, ou seja...

‣ Literacy practises in kindergartens and conceptualisations about written language among portuguese preschool children

Martins, Margarida Alves
Fonte: International Association for the Improvement of Mother Tongue Education Publicador: International Association for the Improvement of Mother Tongue Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Our aim was to characterise the relationships between literacy practises developed in Portuguese kindergartens and children’s conceptualisations about the functions and nature of written language. The participants were 16 kindergarten teachers and 160 five-year-old children – i.e. a 1:10 teacher/child ratio. We developed an observation grid to characterise their literacy practises. It covers two main aspects of the teachers’ work: reading, writing and metalinguistic practises (14 items) and ways of supporting children’s attempts to read and write (16 items). It was used by two observers who spent two weeks in the kindergartens. The kindergarten teachers were divided into three groups depending on their literacy practises. In order to characterise the children’s conceptualisations about written language, in October and May we assessed both their perceptions of the objectives and functions of written language and their invented spelling. The results show that there are close relationships between literacy practises pursued by the three groups of kindergarten teachers and the children’s conceptualisations about written language.

‣ Minority language television as a mechanism of language policy: a comparative study of the Irish and Basque sociolinguistic contexts

Moriarty, Máiréad
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
Português
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peer-reviewed; The present study brings together the disciplines of sociolinguistics and media studies. In recent years, the availability of media in minority languages has become an area subject to some research within the area of media sociolinguistics. It is widely accepted that the existence of minority language media is important for such languages, but exactly how important the availability of such media is to the efforts to revitalise minority languages has remained relatively unexplored. The current study seeks to compensate for this gap in the research by investigating to what extent minority language television functions as an effective mechanism of language policy. Drawing on the most recent theoretical thinking within the discipline of language policy studies put forward by Spolsky (2004) and Shohamy (2006), this thesis will investigate whether minority language television can function as a mechanism of language policy. The research focuses on university students between the ages of 18 and 25, who are not first language-speakers of two particular minority languages, Irish and Basque. The case research was conducted at the University of Limerick and at the University of the Basque Country and involved the use of both quantitative and qualitative research methods. These included a questionnaire stage...

‣ The rhetorical functions of semi-technical language in post-graduate academic legal writing

Maher, Paschal Daniel Gerard
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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peer-reviewed; This study, set in the field of English for academic legal purposes (EALP), sets out to first identify a semi-technical word list in post-graduate academic legal written texts and then to examine the rhetorical functions such a wordlist enables as an indicator of the epistemology of the disciplinary community. This field was chosen because access to student assignments is hindered by the fact that they are not in published form; yet numerically, they most likely outnumber published academic material. In a post-graduate context, where in the field of law there is an influx of non-native speakers who have had their legal education in systems other than the English language dominated Common Law, the need to quickly understand how information is to be organised and communicated in student academic texts is a very pressing one indeed. The thesis adopts a corpus linguistics approach to the identification of semi-technical language. The corpus is comprised of texts written by post-graduate students studying Masters in Law (LLM) courses at three universities in Ireland; the corpus is just under one million words. The approach relies on quantitative methods to arrive at a vocabulary list and beyond the initial setting of parameters for data organisation and filtering...

‣ The interpersonal origins of language: Social and linguistic implications of an archaeological approach to language evolution

Marwick, Ben
Fonte: Equinox Publishing Publicador: Equinox Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 479865 bytes; 360 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
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The development of the interpersonal functions of language is a key step in language ontogeny. Archaeological evidence of hominids moving raw materials across the landscape suggest that changes in the interpersonal communication abilities of hominids represent major events in human language evolution. The earliest hominids moved raw materials short distances, suggesting home-range sizes, social complexity and interpersonal abilities similar to those of primates. A transition from primate communication to a protolanguage is indicated by a large increase in raw-material transfer distances at about 1.2 million years ago. The increase in transfer distances results from the ability to pool social and environmental information using a protolanguage. The transition to human language is suggested by the emergence of long-distance exchange networks during the African Middle Stone Age. The operation of exchange networks requires the full panoply of human interpersonal communication abilities, such as the use of symbols in social contexts, expression of displacement, the expression of multiple degrees of intentionality and recursiveness. The results of computer simulations show that this transition from protolanguage to full language may have resulted from language adapting itself rather than any specific biological or cultural mutation.; yes

‣ Impact of language (re-)organization on cognitive functions in patients with congenital left-hemispheric lesions; Einfluss von Sprach(re-)organisation auf kognitive Funktionen bei Patienten mit frühen linkshemisphärischen Läsionen

Lidzba, Karen
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
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Background: Early left hemispheric brain lesions often induce right hemispheric organization of language functions. The children thus affected show delays in language development, but an apparently normal language outcome when they are adolescents or adults. Many patients with early left hemispheric brain lesions, however, show persistent deficits in visuospatial skills, which are usually mediated by the right hemisphere. This paradox finding has been explained by a) a "crowding" of the right hemisphere, or b) considered to be due to unspecific lesion effects. Methods: The present work examined with neuropsychological methods and functional neuroimaging the consequences of early left-hemispheric brain injury on the behavioral and the functional neuroanatomical level. Patients with congenital left-hemispheric brain lesions and normal controls were examined with a neuropsychological test battery and with verbal and nonverbal tasks in functional MRI. Results: It was shown that patients with early left hemispheric brain lesions may experience deficits in visuospatial functions, if their lesion induced a reorganization of language to the right hemisphere. The visuospatial deficits are, in these patients, not an unspecific consequence of the brain lesion...

‣ Principal Component Analysis and Assessment of Language Network Activation Patterns in Pediatric Epilepsy

You, Xiaozhen
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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This dissertation establishes a novel data-driven method to identify language network activation patterns in pediatric epilepsy through the use of the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). A total of 122 subjects’ data sets from five different hospitals were included in the study through a web-based repository site designed here at FIU. Research was conducted to evaluate different classification and clustering techniques in identifying hidden activation patterns and their associations with meaningful clinical variables. The results were assessed through agreement analysis with the conventional methods of lateralization index (LI) and visual rating. What is unique in this approach is the new mechanism designed for projecting language network patterns in the PCA-based decisional space. Synthetic activation maps were randomly generated from real data sets to uniquely establish nonlinear decision functions (NDF) which are then used to classify any new fMRI activation map into typical or atypical. The best nonlinear classifier was obtained on a 4D space with a complexity (nonlinearity) degree of 7. Based on the significant association of language dominance and intensities with the top eigenvectors of the PCA decisional space...

‣ Loci and rhetorical functions of diglossic code-switching in spoken Arabic: an analysis of the corpus of homilies of the Egyptian hegumen Mattā al-Miskīn (1919-2006)

HAMAM, MARCO
Fonte: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma Publicador: La Sapienza Universidade de Roma
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This study falls within a broad field of the sociolinguistics of Arabic, namely the diglossic variation between spoken Standard Arabic (SA) and Native Arabic (NA). I borrow the latter term from Owens (2001) which seems to me more “neutral” than ‘colloquial’ or ‘dialect’: NA is, in fact, the first variety of Arabic people learn since they are children. It deals with one of the main approaches to variation, code-switching (CS), within a specific region, Egypt, and within a specific genre, Christian homilies. I will use EA to generically indicate Egyptian native varieties. Whenever I need to specify that I deal only with Cairene Arabic, I will use the abbreviation CEA (Cairene Egyptian Arabic). The general question this study starts from is: if the combined use of SA and NA at various level of Spoken Arabic is a very common practice among Arab speakers, attestable through simple linguistic observation, what are the rhetorical motivations for which Arabs code-switch from SA to NA and vice-versa? And specifically what does CS add to the argumentative construction of an oral text, specifically a Christian religious discourse? The hypotheses posited that will be tested in the course of this study are: 1) diglossic CS occurs with considerable frequency in Christian religious discourse as well as in other genres; 2) these switches occur only at an intersentential level; 3) switches are always rhetorically functional...

‣ O estatuto da partícula le na fala de um indivíduo afásico : um estudo da reconstrução da linguagem em contextos interacionais; The status of the particle "le" in the speech of an aphasic individual : a study of language reconstruction in interactional contexts

Nathália do Nascimento Epifanio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/08/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.11539%
Este trabalho tem como objetivo a descrição e análise das funções linguísticas e pragmáticas do elemento le, que emerge de forma a assumir várias funções linguísticas na fala de uma pessoa afásica, EC, participante do Centro de Convivência de Afásicos (CCA), situado na Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). O corpus desta pesquisa é constituído pelos registros de 6 encontros mensais do CCA (que totalizam 12 horas de transcrição), pertencentes ao acervo de dados linguístico-interacionais AphasiAcervus, que constitui os corpora de pesquisas coordenadas pela Profa. Dra. Edwiges Maria Morato junto ao CCA. Os encontros em questão foram realizados do segundo semestre de 2008 - que corresponde ao período do ingresso de EC no grupo do qual participa - ao segundo semestre de 2010. Os resultados desta pesquisa foram obtidos através da análise não apenas qualitativa mas também descritiva e quantitativa dos dados, com vistas tanto ao detalhamento da descrição quanto à visibilidade das ocorrências e do estatuto da partícula le na fala de EC. Após o levantamento e a análise das ocorrências do fenômeno na fala de EC, chegou-se à conclusão de que esse elemento atua de maneira plurifuncional: ele tem o papel de estruturador de margem esquerda nos níveis do sintagma...

‣ Adaptation of Clinical Evaluation of Language Functions - 4th Edition to Brazilian Portuguese

Bento-Gaz,Ana Carolina Paiva; Befi-Lopes,Debora Maria
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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PURPOSES: To translate and adapt the Clinical Evaluation of Language Functions - 4th Edition (CELF-4) to Brazilian Portuguese. METHOD: One hundred and sixty normal language development school children between the ages of seven and ten, half from public schools and the other half from private schools, both located on the east side of São Paulo. RESULTS: CELF-4's translation and adjustment to Brazilian Portuguese language showed equivalence between the original and translated versions, which demonstrates that there were no significant changes in the test's form and content. Cronbach's α test was used in order to verify CELF-4's subtests internal consistency, in other words, if every subtest measures consistently the evaluated constructors. In this analysis, we observed that by excluding right or wrong items, and problematic items from the pool (those different from the rest of the group), all analyzed subtest presented satisfactory internal consistency, except for the Word Association Task for eight years old. CONCLUSION: Most subtests, as well as the Pragmatic Profile and the Observational Evaluation Scale, were simply translated, dismissing significant adaptations. The alterations performed were due to morphosyntactic and phonological differences between both languages. CELF-4's translated and adapted version to Brazilian Portuguese was able to characterize the language performance in the studied population.

‣ Integrating the learning of language and the learning of content: the UAM-CLIL Project

Llinares, Ana; Whittaker, Rachel
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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III Colloquium on Semi-Immersion in Catalonia; III Encuentro sobre Semi-Inmersión en Cataluña; This paper presents an overview of the UAM-CLIL Project which began in the academic year 2005-06 collecting data in two CLIL classes in two schools participating in the British Council/Spanish Ministry of Education bilingual programme, and has followed the same groups from 1º to 4º of ESO (Obligatory Secondary Education) in the subject of Social Science, taught in English. In the project, we have collected spoken and written data from whole class sessions, and recorded six students from each class individually, once a year on a topic from the syllabus, making a corpus of approximately 40,000 spoken and 25,000 written words. Our aim is to describe the features of the language of these students in relation to the language needs of the discipline they are studying. We have collected parallel data from L1 Spanish classes, as well as some similar data from L1 English students, for comparison. We are also interested in the teachers’ performance, in relation to the students’ production. Here, we describe the spoken and written corpus and some results of our analyses of the language produced in classroom interaction and in the students’ written texts on the same topic. The linguistic framework we use is the systemic-functional model (Halliday 2004)...

‣ Morcegos e borboletas: indagações semióticas sobre o Teste de Rorschach; Bats and Butterflies: Semiotic Issues in the Rorschach Test

Mangabeira, Clark
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/12/2011 Português
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O teste de interpretação de formas fortuitas de Rorschach foi idealizado por seu autor simplesmente a partir da prática psiquiátrica de aplicação das pranchas a diversos pacientes com doenças mentais variadas e sem maiores preocupações teóricas, na busca por uma codificação de uma zona de normalidade das funções mentais. O presente artigo pretende analisar o Teste de Rorschach do ponto de vista da semiótica, utilizando-se, principalmente, as obras de Ferdinand de Saussure, Charles Sanders Peirce e Roman Jakobson. Para além da proposta psicológica do teste, o objetivo do artigo é trazer-lhe novas considerações a partir da teoria dos signos e da linguística, visando aprimorar as considerações teóricas sobre as pranchas de Rorschach, focando nas questões abrangentes sobre o signo na obra de Saussure, e sobre o ícone, índice e símbolo da obra de Peirce, bem como nas funções da linguagem propostas por Jakobson. O objetivo central é, longe de tentar responder a todas as questões que cercam o teste, apresentar algumas considerações analíticas que podem trazer novos aspectos para a dinâmica da interpretação das formas, considerando-se, ao mesmo tempo, o polo do examinado e do examinando, e a interação que se forma entre ambos quando da aplicação do teste...

‣ A linguagem na análise da atividade: formas de realização e funções psicológicas; The language in the analysis of clinic of activity: modes of accomplishment and psychological functions

Kostulski, Katia
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2013 Português
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Essa contribuição busca circunscrever o estatuto e as funções da linguagem nas metodologias de análise em clínica da atividade. Trata-se, no primeiro momento, de definir a linguagem numa conceituação que permite considerá-la em suas dimensões de instrumento, atividade e produto empírico de uma atividade humana passível de análise. Depois, convocando a psicologia de Vygotsky e seu ponto de vista acerca da diversidade funcional da linguagem na vida psicológica, examinamos como as formas de realização linguageira promovidas pelas metodologias em clínica da atividade são suscetíveis de sustentar processos de desenvolvimento. Terminamos com uma breve ilustração, a partir de uma intervenção realizada na França com procuradores da República.; This text aims to define the statute and the functions of language in methodologies of analysis in a clinic of activity. Initially, we define the language in a conceptualization that allows us to consider it as an instrument, as an activity but also as an empirically analyzable product of human activity. Then, using Vygotsky’s psychology and his views on the functional diversity of language in psychological life, we examine how the various forms of language, promoted by the methodologies of the clinic of activity...

‣ Linguistic features of literary theme: some halliday-type principles applied to surfacing (Margaret Atwood 1972); Linguistic features of literary theme: some halliday-type principles applied to surfacing (Margaret Atwood 1972)

Scott, M. Nélia
Fonte: UFSC Publicador: UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/1991 Português
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Halliday divides the functions of language into three macro-functions' which he calls: ideational function, expressing content, or the propositional content of the speaker's xperiences of the real and inner world; interpersonal function, which is the means whereby we achieve communication, taking on speech roles vis-à-vis other people, complaining, narrating, enquiring, encouraging, etc.; and textual function, which serves to connect discourse, weaving it together. Under this latter function comes the notion of cohesion. Phoric' elements are parts of the reference system needed for a text to be cohesive. We elucidate and refer to 'phoric' elements in more detail below. It is important to note that all these three macro-functions are present at the same time in a text.; Halliday divides the functions of language into three macro-functions' which he calls: ideational function, expressing content, or the propositional content of the speaker's xperiences of the real and inner world; interpersonal function, which is the means whereby we achieve communication, taking on speech roles vis-à-vis other people, complaining, narrating, enquiring, encouraging, etc.; and textual function, which serves to connect discourse, weaving it together. Under this latter function comes the notion of cohesion. Phoric' elements are parts of the reference system needed for a text to be cohesive. We elucidate and refer to 'phoric' elements in more detail below. It is important to note that all these three macro-functions are present at the same time in a text.

‣ Poeticality - a privilege of literature?; Poeticality - a privilege of literature?

Caldas, Carmen Rosa
Fonte: UFSC Publicador: UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/1983 Português
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Russian formalists, French structuralists and recent Anglo-American literary critics assert that literature is a special kind of discourse. Their assumptions are that literature can be distinguished from other kinds of discourses by its 'literariness'. For the formalists, there is an opposition between poetic and non-poetic language, and literary or poetic language is autonomous. These are the main points of their argument, according to Pratt (1977): language functions in literature differently from the way it does elsewhere; relations between the literary and non-literary functions of language are one of opposition; 3. this oppostion is fully manifested in the observable properties of literary and non-literary language.; Russian formalists, French structuralists and recent Anglo-American literary critics assert that literature is a special kind of discourse. Their assumptions are that literature can be distinguished from other kinds of discourses by its 'literariness'. For the formalists, there is an opposition between poetic and non-poetic language, and literary or poetic language is autonomous. These are the main points of their argument, according to Pratt (1977): language functions in literature differently from the way it does elsewhere; relations between the literary and non-literary functions of language are one of opposition; 3. this oppostion is fully manifested in the observable properties of literary and non-literary language.

‣ Linguistic features of literary theme: some halliday-type principles applied to 'surfacing' (margareth atwood 1972); Linguistic features of literary theme: some halliday-type principles applied to 'surfacing' (margareth atwood 1972)

Scott, M. Nélia
Fonte: UFSC Publicador: UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/1982 Português
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Halliday divides the functions of language into three 'macro-functions' which he calls: Ideational function, expressing content, or the propositional content of the speaker's experiences of the real and inner world; Interpersonal function, which is the means whereby we achieve communication, taking on speech roles viz-a-viz other people,00mplaining, narrating, enquiring, encouraging, etc.; and Textual function, which serves to connect discourse, weaving it together. Under this latter function comes the notion of cohesion. Phoric' elements are parts of the reference system needed for a text to be cohesive. We elucidate and refer to 'phoric' elements in more detail below. It is important to note that all these three macro-functions are present at the same time in a text. Halliday describes the choice of (sets of different) options the speaker makes in the language system, to express his experiences. 'All options are embedded in the language system: the system is a network of options, deriving from all the various functions of language' (1973:111) Thus a certain choice of (one set of different) options rather than another can be said to have been motivated by what the speaker (or writer) wanted to mean -- to convey or emphasize. Prominence of certain features in a text...

‣ CHATEAUBRIAND ON THE NATURE OF LANGUAGE

Sautter, Frank Thomas
Fonte: UNICAMP-CLE-Publicações Publicador: UNICAMP-CLE-Publicações
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/12/2015 Português
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In the present paper, I raise some questions referring to Chateaubriand’s discussion of the nature of language, its origin, its development and its functions in human live. These questions arise when his view is compared with the partly similar views defended by Gödel and Jørgensen, among others. Resumo: No presente trabalho levanto algumas questões referentes à discussão de Chateaubriand sobre a natureza da linguagem, sua origem, seu desenvolvimento e suas funções na vida humana. Essas questões surgem quando seu ponto de vista é comparado aos pontos de vista parcialmente similares defendidos por Gödel e Jorgensen, entre outros.Palavras chave: Origem da linguagem. Criação. Funções da linguagem. Chateaubriand. Gödel. Jørgensen.