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‣ Evaluation of healthy and sensory indexes of sweetened beverages using an electronic tongue

Dias, L.G.; Sequeira, Cédric Basílio; Veloso, Ana C.A.; Sousa, Mara E.B.C.; Peres, António M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.40154%
Overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages may increase the risk of health problems and so, the evaluation of their glycemic load and fructose-intolerance level is essential since it may allow establishing possible relations between physiologic effects of sugar-rich beverages and health. In this work, an electronic tongue was used to accurately classify beverages according to glycemic load (low, medium or high load) as well to their adequacy for people suffering from fructose malabsorption syndrome (tolerable or not): 100% of correct classifications (leave-one-out cross-validation) using linear discriminant models based on potentiomentric signals selected by a meta-heuristic simulated annealing algorithm. These results may be partially explained by the electronic tongue’s capability to mimic the human sweetness perception and total acid flavor of beverages, which can be related with glycemic load and fructose-intolerance index. Finally, the E-tongue was also applied to quantify, accurately, healthy and sensory indexes using multiple linear regression models (leave-one-out cross-validation: Radj > 0.99) in the following dynamic ranges: 4.7 < glycemic load <= 30; 0.4 < fructose intolerance index <= 1.5; 32 < sweetness perception < 155; 1.3 < total acid flavor...

‣ Dietary glycemic load, glycemic index, and refined grains intake are associated with reduced β-cell function in prediabetic Japanese migrants; Associação entre carga glicêmica da dieta, índice glicêmico e consumo de cereais refinados e função reduzida das células-β em migrantes japoneses com pré-diabetes

SARTORELLI, Daniela Saes; FRANCO, Laércio Joel; DAMIÃO, Renata; GIMENO, Suely; CARDOSO, Marly Augusto; FERREIRA, Sandra Roberta Gouvea
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.30614%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between carbohydrate intakes and β-cell function (HOMA-β) in Japanese-Brazilians with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS: Dietary intakes were assessed by a validated food frequency questionnaire in a cross-sectional survey carried out in 2000. The associations between diet and HOMA-β were verified in 270 newly diagnosed IGT in multiple linear regression models. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age was 58 (11) years and the mean HOMA-β was 65 (47). The glycemic load was inversely associated with HOMA-β, β1 -0.140 (95%CI = -1.044; -0.078), p = 0.023. The inverse association was also observed for refined grains intakes: -0.186 (95%CI = -0.4862; -0.058), p = 0.012. After adjustments for body mass index, the glycemic index was inversely associated with HOMA-β: -0.1246 (95%CI = -2.2482, -0.0257), p < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggested that dietary glycemic load, glycemic index, and refined grains intakes are associated with reduced β-cell function, and the quality of dietary carbohydrates may be relevant for maintaining β-cell function among individuals with IGT.; OBJETIVO: Investigar a associação entre o consumo de carboidratos e função das células-β (HOMA-β) em nipo-brasileiros portadores de tolerância à glicose diminuída (TGD). MÉTODOS: O consumo alimentar habitual foi avaliado por meio do questionário quantitativo de frequência alimentar previamente validado em estudo transversal conduzido em 2000. A associação entre dieta e HOMA-β foi verificada em 270 indivíduos portadores de TGD em modelos de regressão logística ajustados. RESULTADOS: A média (DP) de idade foi 58 (11) anos e do HOMA-β foi 65 (47). A carga glicêmica foi inversamente associada ao HOMA-β...

‣ Índice glicêmico e carga glicêmica de frutos brasileiros; Glycemic index and glycemic load of Brazilian fruits

Souza, Alessandra Gonçalves de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/03/2005 Português
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Os carboidratos presentes nos alimentos são responsáveis por mais da metade do valor energético da alimentação do homem. Além do aporte energético, esse nutriente tem importante função na manutenção da glicose sanguínea e na integridade e funcionamento do trato gastrintestinal. Os produtos finais da digestão de carboidratos consistem, quase que exclusivamente, em glicose, frutose e galactose. Os carboidratos digeridos e absorvidos no intestino delgado provocam alterações na resposta glicêmica; essa elevação, ao longo do tempo, depende de fatores que interferem na velocidade de digestão e de difusão dos produtos de hidrólise no intestino delgado. Os carboidratos podem ser classificados de acordo com a glicemia pós prandial produzida. O índice glicêmico (IG) expressa de forma indireta, como cada alimento se comporta em termos de velocidade de digestão e absorção de seus carboidratos. A partir dos valores de IG dos alimentos pode-se calcular a carga glicêmica (CG), a qual inclui tanto a quantidade como a qualidade dos carboidratos ingeridos. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o IG e a CG de cinco frutos nacionais em indivíduos saudáveis. Em cada ensaio foram elaboradas as curvas glicêmicas produzidas após a ingestão de porções contento exatamente 25g ou 50g de carboidrato disponível dos seguintes frutos: abacaxi pérola (Ananas comosus); amora silvestre (Rubus rosaefoluis); morango oso grande (Fragaria ananassa Duch) e bananas (Musa spp.) mysore e nanica. A partir da relação entre a área abaixo da curva glicêmica dos alimentos teste e a área do pão (controle) foi calculado o IG. A CG foi calculada para cada fruto de acordo com o seu IG e a quantidade de alimento consumida habitualmente pela população. Tanto o cerne quanto a polpa de abacaxi apresentaram alto IG. A banana nanica apresentou IG médio e os demais frutos...

‣ Papel do índice glicêmico e da carga glicêmica na prevenção e no controle metabólico de pacientes com diabetes melito tipo 2; Glycemic index and glycemic load in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus

Silva, Flávia Moraes; Steemburgo, Thais; Azevedo, Mirela Jobim de; Mello, Vanessa Derenji Ferreira de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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O controle glicêmico intensificado pode prevenir e/ou retardar o aparecimento das complicações crônicas do diabetes melito (DM). O carboidrato da dieta é o principal determinante da glicemia pós-prandial, sendo o índice glicêmico (IG) e a carga glicêmica úteis para prever a resposta glicêmica aos alimentos. O objetivo deste manuscrito foi revisar criticamente o papel das dietas de baixo IG na prevenção e controle metabólico do diabetes melito tipo 2 (DMT2). O risco para desenvolvimento de DMT2 com dietas de alto IG variou de 1,21 a 1,59. A redução de 12 a 32 unidades no IG da dieta diminuiu em 0,39 a 0,50 pontos percentuais a HbA1c. Os efeitos dessas dietas no perfil lipídico e peso corporal no DMT2 permanecem controversos. Em conclusão, as evidências atuais indicam que a incorporação do IG no planejamento dietético de pacientes com DMT2 contribui para a melhora do controle glicêmico.; The tight glycemic control can prevent and/or delay the development of chronic complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). Dietary carbohydrates are the main determinant of postprandial blood glucose and glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load are used to predict blood glucose response to foods. The aim of this paper was to critically review the role of low GI diets in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevention and metabolic control. The risk for development of T2DM with high GI diets ranged from 1.21 to 1.59.The reduction from 12-32 units in the GI of diets decreased 0.39-0.50% in HbA1c values. However...

‣ Evaluation of healthy and sensory indexes of sweetened beverages using an electronic tongue

Dias, Luís G.; Sequeira, Cédric; Veloso, Ana C. A.; Sousa, Mara E. B. C.; Peres, A. M.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.40154%
Overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages may increase the risk of health problems and so, the evaluation of their glycemic load and fructose-intolerance level is essential since it may allow establishing possible relations between physiologic effects of sugar-rich beverages and health. In this work, an electronic tongue was used to accurately classify beverages according to glycemic load (low, medium or high load) as well to their adequacy for people suffering from fructose malabsorption syndrome (tolerable or not): 100% of correct classifications (leave-one-out cross-validation) using linear discriminant models based on potentiomentric signals selected by a meta-heuristic simulated annealing algorithm. These results may be partially explained by the electronic tongue’s capability to mimic the human sweetness perception and total acid flavor of beverages, which can be related with glycemic load and fructose-intolerance index. Finally, the E-tongue was also applied to quantify, accurately, healthy and sensory indexes using multiple linear regression models (leave-one-out cross-validation: Radj > 0.99) in the following dynamic ranges: 4.7 < glycemic load ≤ 30; 0.4 < fructose intolerance index ≤ 1.5; 32 < sweetness perception < 155; 1.3 < total acid flavor...

‣ Dietary glycemic load, glycemic index, and refined grains intake are associated with reduced β-cell function in prediabetic Japanese migrants

Sartorelli,Daniela Saes; Franco,Laércio Joel; Damião,Renata; Gimeno,Suely; Cardoso,Marly Augusto; Ferreira,Sandra Roberta Gouvea
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.30614%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between carbohydrate intakes and β-cell function (HOMA-β) in Japanese-Brazilians with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS: Dietary intakes were assessed by a validated food frequency questionnaire in a cross-sectional survey carried out in 2000. The associations between diet and HOMA-β were verified in 270 newly diagnosed IGT in multiple linear regression models. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age was 58 (11) years and the mean HOMA-β was 65 (47). The glycemic load was inversely associated with HOMA-β, β1 -0.140 (95%CI = -1.044; -0.078), p = 0.023. The inverse association was also observed for refined grains intakes: -0.186 (95%CI = -0.4862; -0.058), p = 0.012. After adjustments for body mass index, the glycemic index was inversely associated with HOMA-β: -0.1246 (95%CI = -2.2482, -0.0257), p < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggested that dietary glycemic load, glycemic index, and refined grains intakes are associated with reduced β-cell function, and the quality of dietary carbohydrates may be relevant for maintaining β-cell function among individuals with IGT.

‣ Glycemic index and glycemic load of tropical fruits and the potential risk for chronic diseases

Passos,Tatiana Uchôa; Sampaio,Helena Alves de Carvalho; Sabry,Maria Olganê Dantas; Melo,Maria Luisa Pereira de; Coelho,Maria Auristela Magalhães; Lima,José Wellington de Oliveira
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.10058%
The objective was to determine the glycemic index and glycemic load of tropical fruits and the potential risk for chronic diseases. Nine fruits were investigated: coconut water (for the purpose of this study, coconut water was classified as a “fruit”), guava, tamarind, passion fruit, custard apple, hog plum, cashew, sapodilla, and soursop. The GI and GL were determined according to the Food and Agriculture Organization protocol. The GL was calculated taking into consideration intake recommendation guidelines; 77.8% of the fruits had low GI although significant oscillations were observed in some graphs, which may indicate potential risks of disease. Coconut water and custard apple had a moderate GI, and all fruits had low GL. The fruits evaluated are healthy and can be consumed following the daily recommended amount. However, caution is recommended with fruits causing early glycemic peak and the fruits with moderated GI (coconut water and custard apple).

‣ Glycemic Index, Carbohydrates, Glycemic Load, and the Risk of Pancreatic Cancer in a Prospective Cohort Study

Jiao, Li; Flood, Andrew; Subar, Amy F.; Hollenbeck, Albert R.; Schatzkin, Arthur; Stolzenberg-Solomon, Rachael
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Diets with high glycemic index and glycemic load have been associated with insulin resistance. Insulin resistance has been implicated in the etiology of pancreatic cancer. We prospectively investigated the associations between glycemic index, carbohydrates, glycemic load, and available carbohydrates dietary constituents (starch and simple sugar) intake and the risk of pancreatic cancer. We followed the participants in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study from 1995/1996 through December 2003. A baseline self-administered food frequency questionnaire was used to assess the dietary intake and exposure information. A total of 1,151 exocrine pancreatic cancer cases were identified from 482,362 participants after excluding first-year of follow-up. We used multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models to calculate relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for pancreatic cancer. There were no associations between glycemic index, total or available carbohydrates, gycemic load, and pancreatic cancer risk. Participants with high free fructose and glucose intake were at a greater risk of developing pancreatic cancer (highest compared with lowest quintile, RR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.04–1.59; P trend = 0.004 and RR, 1.35; 95% CI...

‣ Dietary Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, and Risk of Cancer: A Prospective Cohort Study

George, Stephanie Materese; Mayne, Susan T.; Leitzmann, Michael F.; Park, Yikyung; Schatzkin, Arthur; Flood, Andrew; Hollenbeck, Albert; Subar, Amy F.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Previous studies have provided limited evidence for a harmful effect of high glycemic index and dietary glycemic load on cancer. The authors analyzed associations among glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of cancer in women and men in the National Institutes of Health–AARP Diet and Health Study. Published glycemic index values were assigned to 225 foods/food groups. Glycemic load was calculated by multiplying the glycemic index, carbohydrate content, and intake frequency of individual foods reported on a food frequency questionnaire. From 1995 through 2003, the authors identified 15,215 and 33,203 cancer cases in women and men, respectively. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate multivariate relative risks and 95% confidence intervals. For women and men, respectively, the relative risks for total cancer for high versus low glycemic index were 1.03 (Ptrend = 0.217) and 1.04 (Ptrend = 0.012) and, for glycemic load, were 0.90 (Ptrend = 0.024) and 0.93 (Ptrend = 0.01). Associations with total cancer held only among the overweight for glycemic index and among those of healthy weight for glycemic load. These findings suggest that glycemic index and glycemic load are not strong predictors of cancer incidence. The direction and small magnitude of associations might be explained by the manner in which high glycemic index and glycemic load track with overall diet and lifestyle patterns.

‣ Low-Glycemic Load Decreases Postprandial Insulin and Glucose and Increases Postprandial Ghrelin in White but Not Black Women123

Brownley, Kimberly A.; Heymen, Steve; Hinderliter, Alan L.; Galanko, Joseph; MacIntosh, Beth
Fonte: American Society for Nutrition Publicador: American Society for Nutrition
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Alterations in appetite hormones favoring increased postprandial satiety have been implicated in both the glycemic control and potential weight-loss benefits of a low-glycemic diet. Racial differences exist in dietary glycemic load and appetite hormone concentrations. This study examined the impact of glycemic load on appetite hormones in 20 black women [10 normal weight, BMI = 22.8 ± 1.42 (mean ± SD); 10 obese, BMI = 35.1 ± 2.77] and 20 white women (10 normal weight, BMI = 22.9 ± 1.45; 10 obese, BMI = 34.3 ± 2.77). Each woman completed two 4.5-d weight-maintenance, mixed-macronutrient, high-glycemic vs. low-glycemic load diets that concluded with a test meal of identical composition. Blood samples collected before and serially for 3 h after each test meal were assayed for plasma ghrelin and serum insulin and glucose concentrations. Compared with the high-glycemic load meal, the low-glycemic load meal was associated with lower insulinAUC (P = 0.02), glucoseAUC (P = 0.01), and urge to eat ratings (P = 0.05) but with higher ghrelinAUC (P = 0.008). These results suggest the satiating effect of a low-glycemic load meal is not directly linked to enhanced postprandial suppression of ghrelin. Notably, these effects were significant among white but not black women...

‣ Dietary Carbohydrate, Glycemic Index, and Glycemic Load in Relation to Colorectal Cancer Risk in the Women’s Health Initiative

Kabat, Geoffrey C.; Shikany, James M.; Beresford, Shirley A. A.; Caan, Bette; Neuhouser, Marian L.; Tinker, Lesley F.; Rohan, Thomas E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Evidence implicating hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance in the etiology of colorectal cancer suggests that a diet characterized by a high glycemic index and load may increase the risk of this disease, but previous studies have yielded inconsistent results. We assessed the association between intake of total carbohydrates, sugars, fiber, and the glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of individual diets, and risk of developing colorectal cancer among 158,800 participants in the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI). We used a GI/GL database developed specifically for the WHI food-frequency questionnaire. Over an average of 7.8 years of follow-up, 1,476 incident cases of colorectal cancer were identified. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the association between dietary factors classified by quintiles and risk of colorectal cancer, with adjustment for covariates. Total carbohydrate intake, glycemic index, glycemic load, and intake of sugars and fiber showed no association with colorectal cancer. Analyses by cancer subsite yielded null results, with the exception of a borderline positive association between glycemic load and rectal cancer (HR for the highest vs. lowest quintile 1.84, 95% confidence interval 0.95–3.56...

‣ Dietary Glycemic Load and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the Women’s Health Study

Higginbotham, Susan; Zhang, Zuo-Feng; Lee, I-Min; Cook, Nancy R.; Giovannucci, Edward; Buring, Julie E.; Liu, Simin
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/02/2004 Português
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Although diet is believed to influence colorectal cancer risk, the long-term effects of a diet with a high glycemic load are unclear. The growing recognition that colorectal cancer may be promoted by hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance suggests that a diet inducing high blood glucose levels and an elevated insulin response may contribute to a metabolic environment conducive to tumor growth. We prospectively followed a cohort of 38 451 women for an average of 7.9 years and identified 174 with incident colorectal cancer. We used baseline dietary intake measurements, assessed with a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire, to examine the associations of dietary glycemic load, overall dietary glycemic index, carbohydrate, fiber, nonfiber carbohydrate, sucrose, and fructose with the subsequent development of colorectal cancer. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate relative risks (RRs). Dietary glycemic load was statistically significantly associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (adjusted RR = 2.85, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.40 to 5.80, comparing extreme quintiles of dietary glycemic load; Ptrend = .004) and was associated, although not statistically significantly, with overall glycemic index (corresponding RR = 1.71...

‣ An extruded breakfast cereal made from a high amylose barley cultivar has a low glycemic index and lower plasma insulin response than one made from a standard barley

King, R.; Noakes, M.; Bird, A.; Morell, M.; Topping, D.
Fonte: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd Publicador: Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
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Himalaya 292 is a novel hull-less barley cultivar with lower total starch content, a higher proportion of amylose and a substantially higher content of soluble and insoluble fibre. The high fibre content suggests that the grain may have potential as an ingredient in health promoting foods. In this study, 29 healthy volunteers consumed extruded whole grain breakfast cereal made from Himalaya 292 (123 g) or a commercial hull-less barley (cv Torrens) (76 g) each supplying 50 g carbohydrate. Glycemic indices were 77 ± 13 (SEM) and 50 ± 9 for Torrens and Himalaya 292 breakfast cereals respectively (P = 0.004). On this basis, the Himalaya 292 cereal is a low glycemic index food. The glycemic load (the product of glycemic index and the available carbohydrate content of a 60 g serve divided by 100) of the new cultivar was 10.1 ± 1.8 compared to 25.3 ± 4.3 for the Torrens breakfast cereal (P < 0.001). The plasma insulin response to the test meal was 26% lower for Himalaya 292 than for Torrens (P = 0.023). The data confirm that Himalaya 292 may be of value in foods designed to assist in the prevention and management of diabetes.; R.A. King, M. Noakes, A.R. Bird, M.K. Morell and D.L. Topping; Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.

‣ Glycemic index, glycemic load and endometrial cancer risk: results from the Australian National Endometrial Cancer study and an updated systematic review and meta-analysis

Nagle, C.M.; Olsen, C.M.; Ibiebele, T.I.; Spurdle, A.B.; Webb, P.M.; Australian National Endometrial Cancer Study Group; Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Purpose: The relationship between habitual consumption of foods with a high glycemic index (GI) and/or a diet with a high glycemic load (GL) and risk of endometrial cancer is uncertain, and relatively few studies have investigated these associations. The objectives of this study were to examine the association between GI/GL and risk of endometrial cancer using data from an Australian population-based case–control study and systematically review all the available evidence to quantify the magnitude of the association using meta-analysis. Methods: The case–control study included 1,290 women aged 18–79 years with newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed endometrial cancer and 1,436 population controls. Controls were selected to match the expected Australian state of residence and age distribution (in 5-year bands) of cases. For the systematic review, relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed and Embase databases through to July 2011. Random-effects models were used to calculate the summary risk estimates, overall and dose–response. Results: In our case–control study, we observed a modest positive association between high dietary GI (OR 1.43, 95 % CI 1.11–1.83) and risk of endometrial cancer, but no association with high dietary GL (OR 1.15...

‣ Glycemic Responses, Appetite Ratings and Gastrointestinal Hormone Responses of Most Common Breads Consumed in Spain. A Randomized Control Trial in Healthy Humans

Gonz??lez-Ant??n, Carolina; Rico, Mar??a C.; S??nchez-Rodr??guez, Estefania; Ruiz-L??pez, Mar??a Dolores; Gil Hern??ndez, ??ngel; Mesa Garc??a, Mar??a Dolores
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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58.257266%
The present study was carried out to determine the glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), insulinemic index (InI), appetite ratings and postprandial plasma concentrations of gastrointestinal hormones related to the control of food intake after the ingestion of the five most common breads consumed in Spain with different compositions and manufacturing processes. Twenty-two healthy adults participated in a randomized crossover study. The breads tested were Ordinary, Precooked-Frozen, Candeal-flour, Alfacar whites and Wholemeal. All breads portions were calculated to supply 50 g of available carbohydrates. In addition, 50 g of glucose was used as a reference. A linear mixed-effects model was used to compare data calculated for all breads with glucose load. The GI value varied from 61 for the Wholemeal, to Alfacar 68, Ordinary 76, and 78 and 86 for the Precooked-Frozen and Candeal-flour breads, respectively. Wholemeal and Alfacar had lower GI than glucose. All tested breads had a lower GL (ranged 9 to 18) compared with glucose. Wholemeal GL was similar to Alfacar, but lower than the other white breads. InI were significantly lower for all breads (ranged 68 to 73) compared with glucose, and similar among them. The intake of the Wholemeal bread led to a higher release of gastric inhibitory polypeptide compared with the Ordinary and Precooked breads and to a higher release of pancreatic polypeptide compared with the Precooked-Frozen bread. All breads affected appetite ratings similarly. In conclusion...

‣ Marcador in vitro da resposta glicêmica dos alimentos como ferramenta de auxílio à prescrição e avaliação de dietas; In vitro indicator of the glycemic response to foods as a tool for diet prescriptions and evaluation

CAPRILES, Vanessa Dias; GUERRA-MATIAS, Andréa Carvalheiro; ARÊAS, José Alfredo Gomes
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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48.68882%
As dietas de baixo índice glicêmico e baixa carga glicêmica têm sido associadas à redução do risco de doenças crônicas. Por esse motivo há um interesse crescente na sua aplicação para avaliação e orientação nutricional. No entanto, existem limitações quanto ao uso de dados publicados de índice glicêmico e carga glicêmica, pela variedade e formas de processamento dos alimentos vegetais existentes. Devido à dificuldade de realização de ensaios in vivo, uma vez que são custosos, trabalhosos, invasivos e necessitam de período considerável de experimentação, foram desenvolvidas metodologias in vitro que, a partir da velocidade de digestão dos carboidratos, permitem estimar o índice glicêmico dos alimentos de forma prática, simples e econômica. O presente trabalho apresenta o uso de um marcador in vitro, o índice de hidrólise, na estimativa do índice glicêmico e da carga glicêmica, o método mais empregado por pesquisadores brasileiros, visando à sua aplicação por profissionais da área de Nutrição. Os cálculos e as interpretações para estimativa do Índice glicêmico e da carga glicêmica são apresentados por meio de um exemplo prático com alguns alimentos brasileiros e com o grão de amaranto submetido a diferentes processamentos. Na ausência de dados referentes à resposta glicêmica do alimento de interesse...

‣ Dietary Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Stroke Mortality: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis

Fan, Jingyao; Song, Yiqing; Wang, Yuyao; Hui, Rutai; Zhang, Weili
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Background: The relationship between dietary glycemic index, glycemic load and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and stroke-related mortality is inconsistent. Methods: We systematically searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index Expanded databases using glycemic index, glycemic load, and cardiovascular disease and reference lists of retrieved articles up to April 30, 2012. We included prospective studies with glycemic index and glycemic load as the exposure and incidence of fatal and nonfatal CHD, stroke, and stroke-related mortality as the outcome variable. Pooled relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using random-effects models. Results: Fifteen prospective studies with a total of 438,073 participants and 9,424 CHD cases, 2,123 stroke cases, and 342 deaths from stroke were included in the meta-analysis. Gender significantly modified the effects of glycemic index and glycemic load on CHD risk, and high glycemic load level was associated with higher risk of CHD in women (RR = 1.49, 95%CI 1.27−1.73), but not in men (RR = 1.08, 95%CI 0.91−1.27). Stratified meta-analysis by body mass index indicated that among overweight and obese subjects, dietary glycemic load level were associated with increased risk of CHD (RR = 1.49...

‣ Effect of the glycemic index on lipid oxidation and body composition

Lopes da Silva,M.ª V.; de Càssia Gonçalves Alfenas,R.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2011 Português
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Several studies have been conducted to evaluate the effects of the consumption of the slowly absorbed carbohydrates in a low glycemic index (GI) diet on fat oxidation, in order to obtain dietetic treatment that can favor the achievement of an adequate body composition. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze studies in which the role of low GI diets on body composition, with emphasis on fat oxidation. An internet search for articles, in English or Portuguese, published since 1995, was conducted using the following key words: glycemic index, glycemic load, glycaemic index, glycaemic load, body fat, body composition, fat oxidation. Papers that described animals or humans clinical trials were selected. Data were collected from Web of Science, Science Direct, Pubmed. It was verified that the results of the majority of the analyzed studies indicated that low GI diets lead to a lower insulin response, increasing body fat oxidation. These results indicate that the consumption of low GI diet can be an important strategy to be used for the prevention and control of obesity and chronic diseases associated to it.

‣ Effect of a low glycemic load on body composition and Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA) in overweight and obese subjects

Armendáriz-Anguiano,A. L.; Jiménez-Cruz,A.; Bacardí-Gascón,M.; Hurtado-Ayala,L.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2011 Português
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Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of different glycemic load diets on biochemical data and body composition, in overweight and obese subjects, during a 6-month period. Research design and methods: This study was an experimental, randomized, parallel design. Anthropo-metric measurements and biochemical data were measured at baseline at 3 and at 6 months. All subjects completed 3-day dietary intake diaries at the baseline period and during the third and the sixth months. At the sixth month, LGL group had a mean intake of 1,360 ± 300 kcal/day and the high glycemic load group (HGL) had a mean intake of 1,544 ± 595 kcal/day. Results: LGL group obtained a weight reduction of 4.5% (p = 0.006) and the HGL group of 3.0% (p = 0.18). Significant reductions in waist circumference (5%, p = 0.001) of the LGL group were observed, 10% of body fat percentage (p = 0.001), 4.3 kg (13%) of body fat (p = 0.001), 14% of total cholesterol (p=0.007), 35% of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) (p = 0.001), and 10% of HOMA (p = 0.009). In the HGL group, reductions of 4.5% of waist circumference (p = 0.02), 37% of HDL (p = 0.002), and an increase of 8 % of LDL (p = 0.04) were observed. Conclusions: These results suggest that long term LGL diets are more effective for reducing body mass index...

‣ Influence of the glycemic index and glycemic load of the diet in the glycemic control of diabetic children and teenagers

Queiroz,K. C.; Novato Silva,I.; de Cássia Gonçalves Alfenas,R.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2012 Português
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Objective: Evaluate the influence of the glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of the diet in the glycemic control of children and teenagers with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). Methods: A total of 146 subjects, aged 7-19 years, monitored at the Division of Pediatric Endocrinology at the HC/UFMG participated in the study. The consumed diet was evaluated using a quantitative food frequency questionnaire previously validated and tested in a pilotproject. The GI of the participant´s diet was estimated according to the equation described by Wolever and Jenkins (1986). The GL was estimated using the equation proposed by Foster-Powell et al. (2002). The glycemic control was classified as good, intermediate or poor according to the average of two HbA1c values obtained six months prior to the dietary evaluation date. Results: Subjects that had good glycemic control consumed diets with significantly (Tukey test, p = 0.000) lower GI/GL (54.8 ± 2.7/118.3 ± 29.8) than the ones with intermediate (60.1 ± 3.8/142.5 ± 27.3) and poor (60.3 ± 4.1/153.7 ± 40.7) glycemic control. The diet consumed by 75.5% of diabetics with good glycemic control was classified as medium GL, suggesting that the consumption of medium GL diet may favor an adequate glycemic control. The low GI diet consumed by these participants also presented higher protein content...